Yamaha Corporation

Yamaha Corporation (ヤマハ株式会社 Yamaha Kabushiki Gaisha) (/ˈjæməˌhɑː/; Japanese pronunciation: [jamaha]) is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics and power sports equipment. It is one of the constituents of Nikkei 225 and is the world's largest piano manufacturing company. The former motorcycle division became independent from the main company in 1955, forming Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd, although Yamaha Corporation is still the largest shareholder.

Coordinates: 34°43′03″N 137°43′58″E / 34.7174427°N 137.7328659°E

Yamaha Corporation
Native name
ヤマハ株式会社
Yamaha Kabushiki-gaisha
Public (K.K.)
Traded asTYO: 7951
IndustryConglomerate
FoundedOctober 12, 1887
Headquarters10-1, Nakazawacho, Naka-ku, ,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Torakusu Yamaha, founder
Takuya Nakata,[1] President & Representative Director
ProductsMusical instruments, audio equipment, electronics [2]
RevenueIncrease ¥408.2 billion (2017)[3]
Increase ¥44.3 billion (2017)[3]
Increase ¥46.7 billion (2017)[3]
Number of employees
28,112 (including temporary employees) (2017)[3]
SubsidiariesYamaha Motor Company
Websiteyamaha.com

History

Nippon Gakki Co. Ltd. (currently Yamaha Corporation) was established in 1887 as a piano and reed organ manufacturer by Torakusu Yamaha in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka prefecture and was incorporated on October 12, 1897. The company's origins as a musical instrument manufacturer are still reflected today in the group's logo—a trio of interlocking tuning forks.[4][5]

After World War II, company president Genichi Kawakami repurposed the remains of the company's war-time production machinery and the company's expertise in metallurgical technologies to the manufacture of motorcycles. The YA-1 (AKA Akatombo, the "Red Dragonfly"), of which 125 were built in the first year of production (1954), was named in honour of the founder. It was a 125cc, single cylinder, two-stroke, street bike patterned after the German DKW RT125 (which the British munitions firm, BSA, had also copied in the post-war era and manufactured as the Bantam and Harley-Davidson as the Hummer). In 1955,[6] the success of the YA-1 resulted in the founding of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., splitting the motorcycle division from the company.

Also, in 1954 the Yamaha Music School was founded.[5]

Yamaha has grown to become the world's largest manufacturer of musical instruments (including pianos, "silent" pianos, drums, guitars, brass instruments, woodwinds, violins, violas, celli, and vibraphones), as well as a leading manufacturer of semiconductors, audio/visual, computer related products, sporting goods, home appliances, specialty metals and industrial robots.[7]

In 1988, Yamaha shipped the world's first CD recorder.[8] Yamaha purchased Sequential Circuits in 1988.[9] It bought a majority stake (51%) of competitor Korg in 1987, which was bought out by Korg in 1993.[10]

In the late 1990s, Yamaha released a series of portable battery operated keyboards under the PSS and the PSR range of keyboards. The Yamaha PSS-14 and PSS-15 keyboards were upgrades to the Yamaha PSS-7 and were notable for their short demo songs, short selectable phrases, funny sound effects and distortion and crackly sounds progressing on many volume levels when battery power is low.[11]

In 2002, Yamaha closed down its archery product business that was started in 1959. Six archers in five different Olympic Games won gold medals using their products.[12]

It acquired German audio software manufacturers Steinberg in January 2005, from Pinnacle Systems.

In July, 2007, Yamaha bought out the minority shareholding of the Kemble family in Yamaha-Kemble Music (UK) Ltd, Yamaha's UK import and musical instrument and professional audio equipment sales arm, the company being renamed Yamaha Music U.K. Ltd in autumn 2007.[13] Kemble & Co. Ltd, the UK piano sales & manufacturing arm was unaffected.[14]

On December 20, 2007, Yamaha made an agreement with the Austrian Bank BAWAG P.S.K. Group BAWAG to purchase all the shares of Bösendorfer,[15] intended to take place in early 2008. Yamaha intends to continue manufacturing at the Bösendorfer facilities in Austria.[16] The acquisition of Bösendorfer was announced after the NAMM Show in Los Angeles, on January 28, 2008. As of February 1, 2008, Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH operates as a subsidiary of Yamaha Corp.[17]

Yamaha Corporation is also widely known for their music teaching programme that began in the 1950s.

Yamaha electronics have proven to be successful, popular and respected products. For example, the Yamaha YPG-625 was awarded "Keyboard of the Year" and "Product of the Year" in 2007 from The Music and Sound Retailer magazine.[18] Other noteworthy Yamaha electronics include the SHS-10 Keytar, a consumer-priced keytar which offered MIDI output features normally found on much more expensive keyboards.

Other companies in the Yamaha group include:

  • Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH, Vienna, Austria.
  • Yamaha Motor Company
  • Yamaha Fine Technologies Co., Ltd.
  • Yamaha Golf Cart Company
  • Yamaha Livingtec Corporation
  • Yamaha Metanix Corporation
  • Yamaha Music Communications Co., Ltd.
  • Yamaha Pro Audio

Corporate mission

Kandō (感動) is a Japanese word used by Yamaha Corporation to describe their corporate mission. Kandō in translation describes the sensation of profound excitement and gratification derived from experiencing supreme quality and performance.[19] Some reasonable English synonyms are "emotionally touching" or "emotionally moving". Stated by the president of Yamaha, Takuya Nakata, Yamaha looks to maintain dominance above its competition through creativity and innovation.[20]

Yamaha Music Foundation

The Yamaha Music Foundation is an organization established in 1966 by the authority of the Japanese Ministry of Education for the purpose of promoting music education and music popularization. It continued a program of music classes begun by Yamaha Corporation in 1954.[21]

Products

RichterCF
Yamaha YSP-2200--G Digital Sound Projector
YSP-2200//G: an award-winning innovation from Yamaha.

Yamaha expanded into many diverse businesses and product groups. The first venture into each major category is listed below.[22]

  • 1897 Keyboard instruments (reed organ, pianos in 1900)
  • 1903 Furniture
  • 1914 Harmonicas
  • 1922 Audio equipment (crank phonograph first)
  • 1942 Guitars
  • 1955 Yamaha Motor Company (motorcycles and vehicles/watercraft, YA-1 motorcycle first)
  • 1959 Sporting goods (starting with archery)
  • 1959 Music schools
  • 1961 Metal alloys
  • 1965 Band instruments (trumpet first)
  • 1967 Drums
  • 1971 Semiconductors
  • 1984 Industrial robots
  • 2001 Yamaha Entertainment Group (record company)
  • 2010 Applications[22]

Synthesizers and samplers

Yamaha announced the singing synthesizer Vocaloid for the first time at the German fair Musikmesse on March 5–9, 2003.[23]

Yamaha also began to get involved with the sale and production of Vocaloid applications themselves with Lily being the first; Lily was later sold via Internet Co., Ltd.'s website. Their involvement continued with the VY series, with VY1 being the first, released in deluxe and standard editions on September 1, 2010.[24] The VY series is a series designed to be a high quality product for professional musicians. The series is also designed with the intention to set a new standard for the Vocaloids for having no face, sex or set voice, but are designed to complete any song.[25] VY1 saw a new approach to how the software handled the database of samples and improved the performance of the Vocaloid 2 engine.

Yamaha announced a version of the Vocaloid 2 software for the iPhone and iPad, which exhibited at the Y2 Autumn 2010 Digital Content Expo in Japan.[26][27] Later, this version of the software was released using the VY1 voice.[28][29] VY2 will also be released for this version of the software.[30]

Factory locations

In Japan, the company maintains three factories for musical instrument manufacture, engine and various vehicle manufacture (motorcycles and marine products), with all factories located in Shizuoka Prefecture.

  • Kakegawa Factory
    • 1480, Ryoke, Kakegawa-shi, Shizuoka
  • Toyooka Factory
    • 203, Matsunokijima, Iwata-shi, Shizuoka
  • Tenryu Factory
    • 283, Aoyacho, Minami-ku Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka

Sports teams

See also

References

  1. ^ "Notification of Change in Representative Director" (PDF). Yamaha Corporation. Retrieved 2013-07-15.
  2. ^ "Annual Report 2014" (PDF). Yamaha Corporation.
  3. ^ a b c d Annual Report 2017
  4. ^ "Yamaha Corporate Information". Global website. Yamaha Corporation.
  5. ^ a b "Brand and History - About Us - Yamaha Corporation". www.yamaha.com. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  6. ^ "Yamaha Motor". Forbes Global 2000 List.
  7. ^ "Yamaha Corporate History". Yamaha Corporation of America & Yamaha Corporation. Retrieved 2011-04-26.
  8. ^ Verna, Paul (1999-04-03). "CD-R Enjoys Massive Growth In A Wide Range Of Markets". Billboard. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Sequential Circuits: Prophet Synthesizers 5 & 10 (Retro)", Sound On Sound, no. March 1999, 1989-1999 In 1988, Yamaha bought the rights and assets of SCI, and these rights included the employment contracts of many of the company's development team, including Dave Smith himself. ... Then, in 1989, the team moved to Korg, where they designed the now-classic Wavestations. ...
  10. ^ Gordon Reid, "40 Years Of Gear: The History Of Korg: Part 2", Sound On Sound, no. November 2002, 1987 ... However, in 1987, the relationship took another huge step forward when Yamaha bought a controlling interest in Korg Inc, effectively making it a subsidiary.”,“1993 ... the previous five years had been very successful, and Tsutomu Katoh now had some cash at his disposal. In fact, he had enough to buy out the majority of Yamaha's share in Korg. So he did.
  11. ^ "PSS-14 Portable Keyboard". Yamaha. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  12. ^ "YAMAHA to Close Archery Products Business". Yamaha Corporation. 2002-02-01. Archived from the original on 2004-01-16. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  13. ^ "Cancellation of Joint Venture Contracts for Sales Subsidiaries in U.K. and Spain". Yamaha Global website. July 10, 2007.
  14. ^ Barrett, Andy (July 10, 2007). "Yamaha buys out Kemble family". MI Pro.
  15. ^ "Competition For Bosendorfer". Forbes. 2007-11-30.
  16. ^ "Yamaha Reaches Basic Agreement with Austrian Bank to Purchase All Shares of Bösendorfer". Yamaha Global website. December 20, 2007.
  17. ^ "Bosendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH". Business Week. March 3, 2008.
  18. ^ "YPG-625 - 88-key Weighted Action Portable Grand". Yamha Corporation of America & Yamaha Corporation.
  19. ^ "Yamaha Corporate Mission". Yamaha Motor UK.
  20. ^ "Message from the President - About Us - Yamaha Corporation". www.yamaha.com. Retrieved 2017-09-28.
  21. ^ "Yamaha Music Foundation History". Yamaha Music Foundation.
  22. ^ a b "Yamaha History". Corporate Information, Global website. Yamaha Corporation. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  23. ^ "New Yamaha VOCALOID Singing Synthesis Software Generates Superb Vocals on a PC". Business Wire. AllBusiness.com. March 4, 2003. Retrieved October 25, 2010.
  24. ^ "新型ボーカロイド「VY1」公開です!" [New Model Vocaloid "VY1" Presentation!] (in Japanese). Bplats. August 13, 2010. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2010.
  25. ^ Okada, Yuka (August 13, 2010). "キャラクターなしのVOCALOID「VY1」 初のヤマハ製、9月発売" ["VY1", a Vocaloid With No Character, First Yamaha-Made, Sold in September] (in Japanese). IT Media. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  26. ^ "デジタルコンテンツEXPO:VOCALOIDがiPad/iPhoneアプリに ヤマハが開発" [Digital Content Expo: Vocaloid Becomes iPad/iPhone Applications. Yamaha Develops Those] (in Japanese). IT Media. October 14, 2010. Retrieved October 17, 2010.
  27. ^ "Y2 Autumn 2010 | Digital Content Expo 2010" (in Japanese). Digital Content Expo. Archived from the original on 2010-10-07. Retrieved October 17, 2010.
  28. ^ "iVOCALOID-VY1" (in Japanese). Apple Inc. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
  29. ^ "iVOCALOID-VY1t" (in Japanese). Apple Inc. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
  30. ^ Matsuo, Kōya (April 15, 2011). "コードネームは「勇馬」 ヤマハ純正のイケメンボカロ「VY2」の話を聞いてきた" [Codename Is "Yūma". I Heard the Story of the Yamaha Pure Cool Vocalo "VY2"] (in Japanese). IT Media. Retrieved April 28, 2011.

External links

Chappell of Bond Street

Chappell of Bond Street (aka Chappell's) was the former name of Yamaha Music London, a piano, musical instrument, musical equipment and sheet music retail store in Wardour Street, Soho, London.

Contemode

Contemode, stylized in all lower case, was a Japanese record label founded by Yasutaka Nakata in 2003. The label was based in Shibuya, Tokyo and specialized in a variety of music styles including electropop, Shibuya-kei, lounge, dance, and hardcore house. Yamaha Music Communications, the music subsidiary of Yamaha, was its official parent company, while Avex Trax served as its distributor. In 2012, the label officially ceased operations.

Fukase

Fukase (ふかせ), is a Vocaloid voicebank developed and distributed by Yamaha Corporation for Vocaloid 4. He is voiced by Satoshi Fukase (深瀬慧), the lead singer of the Japanese band, SEKAI NO OWARI.

Júbilo Iwata

Júbilo Iwata (Japanese: ジュビロ磐田, Hepburn: Jubiro Iwata) is a professional Japanese association football team that currently play in the J1 League. The team name Júbilo means 'joy' in Spanish and Portuguese. The team's hometown is Iwata, Shizuoka prefecture and they play at Yamaha Stadium. For big fixtures such as the Shizuoka Derby with Shimizu S-Pulse and against some of the top teams in J1, Júbilo play at the much larger Ecopa Stadium in Fukuroi City, a venue built specifically for the 2002 FIFA World Cup finals. They practice at Okubo Ground in Iwata and Iwata Sports Park Yumeria.One of the most successful teams in the J.League, Júbilo have three times won the J.League title and three times finished as runners up. Júbilo hold the distinction of being Japan's most successful team in international club football, making three successive appearances in the Asian Club Cup final, being champions once and runners up twice.

List of Vocaloid products

The following is a list of products released for the Vocaloid software in order of release date.

List of clarinet makers

The following are lists of makers of clarinets, clarinet mouthpieces, clarinet ligatures, and clarinet reeds. Note that some of the following are simply brands for instruments from original equipment manufacturers.

List of horn makers

This is a list of manufacturers of horns (musical instruments). Not all still exist today.

Atkinson Brass and Company

Buescher Band Instrument Company

C.G. Conn

Dieter Otto

Ed. Kruspe

Engelbert Schmid

F. E. Olds

Finke

Gebr. Alexander

Hans Hoyer

Herbert Fritz Knopf

Holton

Klaus Fehr

Jacob Medlin, Greensboro, North Carolina

Paxman Musical Instruments

Stomvi

Yamaha Corporation

Minarelli

Minarelli is an Italian motorcycle engine manufacturer which was founded by Vittorio Minarelli. It is now part of the Yamaha group.

PowerFX

PowerFX is a small recording company, based in Stockholm, Sweden. The company has been producing music samples, loops and sound effects since 1995. They also develop singing synthesizers using the VOCALOID3 engine developed by Yamaha Corporation.

VY2

VY2 is a Japanese masculine vocal developed by Yamaha Corporation and distributed by Bplats, Inc. to act as a "standard" vocal for Vocaloid. It has the codename of "Yūma". It was originally released for the Vocaloid 2 engine. The fan design "Roro" which is illustrated by song producer Manbou no Ane, is commonly used to represent VY2. VY2 also has a Falsetto Voicebank that allows users to make higher pitched songs with its voice. VY2's voice bank is often used with the VY1 voice bank.

V Flower

V Flower (ブイフラワ) is a Japanese female Vocaloid software by Yamaha corporation for Vocaloid 3. The mascot is known as "Flower (フラワ) ".

YANHE

YANHE (言和) is a Chinese Vocaloid developed formerly by Bplats, Inc. under the Yamaha Corporation, and was created in collaboration with Shanghai HENIAN Information Technology Co. Ltd. She was released for the Vocaloid 3 engine. Her voice is provided by a female Chinese voice actress Seira Ryū (劉婧犖). It was announced on the 9th Chinese International Cartoon and Game Expo (CCG) on July 11, 2013.

Yamaha Artist

A Yamaha Artist is a notable musical performer who, by invitation or application, endorses and performs using a Yamaha musical instrument. Acceptance as a Yamaha Artist is tantamount to a reciprocal endorsement by Yamaha. Like other musical instrument manufacturers, Yamaha supports its artists in various ways.

Yamaha Artist Services

Yamaha Artist Services, Inc. (YASI) is a subsidiary of Yamaha Corporation of America. It was brought into being in April 1987 as Yamaha Concert & Artist Services, in the United States, having originated that same year in Paris, France, as "Centre Européen des Activités Artistiques" (C.E.A.A.). For a time, Yamaha managed the program within its new West 57th Street "Yamaha Communications Center", or "YCC" facility, located near Carnegie Hall. YCC closed in 1992. In May 2004, the current facility was opened.The program maintains relationships with classical piano performing artists and the performing arts world in general, by extension. Its current quarters occupy two entire floors of the historically designated Aeolian Building on the Northeast corner of Fifth Avenue and East 54th Street. This complex includes a hall known as the Yamaha Piano Salon and a brass and woodwind atelier, showroom, and custom shop.

Yamaha CX5M

Yamaha CX5M is an MSX-system compatible computer that expands upon the normal features expected from these systems with a built-in eight-voice FM synthesizer module, introduced in 1984 by Yamaha Corporation.This FM synth itself has stereo audio outputs, an input for a purpose-built four-octave keyboard, and a pair of MIDI Input/Output ports that could be used for normal MIDI on the second revision of the CX5M but only management of data from a Yamaha DX7 on the first model.

Yamaha Júbilo

Yamaha Júbilo is a rugby union team based in Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan. The team came second behind Toshiba Brave Lupus in the second season of Japanese rugby's Top League (2004–05). They were coached by former All Black Grant Batty and Fijian player-coach Tabai Matson.

The team name Júbilo means 'joy' in Portuguese, which has had a notable influence on the Japanese language.

Yamaha Motor Company

Yamaha Motor Company Limited (ヤマハ発動機株式会社, Yamaha Hatsudōki Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese manufacturer of motorcycles, marine products such as boats and outboard motors, and other motorized products. The company was established in 1955 upon separation from Yamaha Corporation (however Yamaha Corporation is still the largest shareholder with 12.21%, as of June 30, 2014), and is headquartered in Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan. The company conducts development, production and marketing operations through 109 consolidated subsidiaries as of 2012.Led by Genichi Kawakami, the company’s first president, Yamaha Motor began production of its first product, the YA-1, in 1955. The 125cc motorcycle won the 3rd Mount Fuji Ascent Race in its class.

The company's products includes motorcycles, scooters, motorized bicycles, boats, sail boats, personal water craft, swimming pools, utility boats, fishing boats, outboard motors, 4-wheel ATVs, recreational off-road vehicles, go-kart engines, golf carts, multi-purpose engines, electrical generators, water pumps, snowmobiles, small snow throwers, automobile engines, surface mounters, intelligent machinery, industrial-use unmanned helicopters, electrical power units for wheelchairs and helmets.The company is also involved in the import and sales of various types of products, development of tourist businesses and management of leisure, recreational facilities and related services. Yamaha’s motorcycle sales are the second largest in the world outboard motor and Yamaha is the world leader in water vehicle sales.

Yamaha Music Foundation

The Yamaha Music Foundation is an organization established in 1966 by the authority of the Japanese Ministry of Education for the purpose of promoting music education and music popularization. It continued a program of music classes begun by Yamaha Corporation in 1954. Its unique, systematic teaching method and teacher training programs are highly valued in Japan and other countries.The Yamaha Grade Examination System has been developed to enable students and teachers to ensure their own progress and thereby obtain self-confidence in their own music studies. The Yamaha Grade Examination System consists of nine grades, Grade 9 to Grade 1. The examination evaluates the performing ability of the music lovers in general; the performing ability and the musical knowledge and techniques required for the instructors of the fundamentals stage; and also the performing competence of the professional musicians.

The foundation is known for its organizing of the World Popular Song Festival which it organized from 1970 until 1989.

Zero-G Ltd

Zero-G is a company developing sound libraries, sound effects and loops. The company also develops singing synthesizers using the Vocaloid engine developed by Yamaha Corporation.

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