Yakutat, Alaska

The City and Borough of Yakutat[1] (/ˈjækətæt/, YAK-ə-tat)[5] (Tlingit: Yaakwdáat) is a borough[6] in the U.S. state of Alaska and was the name of a former city within it. The name is Tlingit, Yaakwdáat ("the place where canoes rest") but it originally derives from an Eyak name diyaʼqudaʼt and was influenced by the Tlingit word yaakw ("canoe, boat"). The borough covers an area about six times the size of the U.S. state of Rhode Island, making it one of the largest counties (or county equivalents) in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 662,[7][8][9] down from 680 in 2000.

The Borough of Yakutat was incorporated as a non-unified Home Rule Borough[5] on September 22, 1992. Yakutat was previously a city in the Skagway–Yakutat–Angoon Census Area (afterwards renamed the Skagway–Hoonah–Angoon Census Area).[10]

The U.S. Census Bureau has defined the former City of Yakutat as a census-designated place within the borough.[11] The only other significant population center in the borough is the community of Icy Bay, the site of the Icy Bay Airport, in the west-central part of the borough.

City and Borough of Yakutat[1]
Home Rule Borough
Yakutat Bay
Yakutat Bay
Map of Alaska highlighting Yakutat City and Borough
Map of Alaska highlighting Yakutat City and Borough
Coordinates: 59°32′49″N 139°43′38″W / 59.54694°N 139.72722°WCoordinates: 59°32′49″N 139°43′38″W / 59.54694°N 139.72722°W[2]
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
Borough seat[1]Yakutat
Government
 • MayorRalph Wolfe
Area
 • Borough9,463 sq mi (24,509 km2)
 • Land7,649 sq mi (19,812 km2)
 • Water1,813 sq mi (4,697 km2)
 • Urban
 (CDP)[3]
104.1 sq mi (269.6 km2)
 • Land (CDP)100.5 sq mi (260.3 km2)
 • Water (CDP)3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)
Elevation69 ft (21 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Borough662
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
604
 • Density0.070/sq mi (0.027/km2)
 • Urban
(CDP)[3]
662
 • Urban density6.4/sq mi (2.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
FIPS code02-282 (borough),
02-86490 (CDP)
GNIS feature ID1415858, 1419986
Websiteyakutatak.govoffice2.com

History

The original settlers in the Yakutat area are believed to have been Eyak-speaking people from the Copper River area. Tlingits migrated into the area and assimilated the Eyaks before the arrival of Europeans in Alaska. Yakutat was only one of a number of Tlingit and mixed Tlingit-Eyak settlements in the region, although all the others have been depopulated or abandoned.

In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, English, French, Spanish and Russian explorers came to the region. The Shelikhov-Golikov Company, precursor of the Russian-American Company, built a fort in Yakutat in 1795 to facilitate trade in sea otter pelts. It was known as New Russia, Yakutat Colony, or Slavorossiya.[12] When the Russians cut off access to the fisheries nearby, a Tlingit war party attacked and destroyed the fort.

By 1886, after the Alaska Purchase by the United States, the black sand beaches in the area were being mined for gold. In 1889 the Swedish Free Mission Church opened a school and sawmill in the area.

A cannery, another sawmill, a store and a railroad were constructed from 1903 by the Stimson Lumber Company. Many people moved to the current site of Yakutat to be closer to the Stimson cannery, which operated through 1970. During World War II, the USAAF stationed a large aviation garrison near Yakutat and built a paved runway. The troops were withdrawn after the war but the runway is still in use as Yakutat Airport, which offers scheduled airline service.

Fishing is currently the largest economic activity in Yakutat.

Yakutat Tlingit Tribe (YTT) received a Language Preservation Grant from the Administration for Native Americans in 2004. With this, they have reinvigorated their efforts to teach the Tlingit language to middle-aged and young people. YTT received another ANA grant in 2007 and is expanding its role in the schools. All the YTT Tlingit language revitalization work focuses on using communicative approaches to second language teaching, such as TPR and ASLA.

While working at a local cannery from 1912 to 1941, Seiki Kayamori extensively photographed Yakutat and its area. A large set of prints of his work is held by Yakutat City Hall.[13]

Locomotive of the Yakutat and Southern Rwy Co, Yakutat, Alaska Sept 1, 1907 (COBB 280).jpeg
Locomotive of the Yakutat and Southern Railway Co. in Yakutat, September 1, 1907

Yakutat and Southern Railway was a rail operation in the area.

Geography

Icebergs in the Yakutat Bay
Icebergs in Yakutat Bay

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 9,463 square miles (24,510 km2), of which 7,649 square miles (19,810 km2) is land and 1,813 square miles (4,700 km2) is water.[14] The 2010 census also defines a smaller census-designated place named Yakutat which has a total area of 104.1 square miles (269.6 km2), of which 100.5 square miles (260.3 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) is water.[3]

Yakutat's population center is located at 59°32′49″N 139°43′38″W / 59.54694°N 139.72722°W, at the mouth of Yakutat Bay. It lies in an isolated location in lowlands along the Gulf of Alaska, 212 miles (341 kilometres)) northwest of Juneau.

Yakutat borders the Gulf of Alaska to the west, Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska to the northwest, Hoonah-Angoon Census Area, Alaska to the southeast, Stikine Region, British Columbia to the northeast-east and Yukon Territory to the north.

The borough contains part of the protected areas of Chugach National Forest, Glacier Bay National Park, Glacier Bay Wilderness, Tongass National Forest, Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Wrangell-Saint Elias Wilderness and the Russell Fjord Wilderness.

One unique feature in the Borough is Hubbard Glacier, North America's largest tidewater glacier. In 1986 and 2002, the glacier blocked the entrance to Russell Fiord. The resulting Russell Lake rose 83 and 61 feet until the glacial dam failed. If Russell Lake rises to 135 feet, the water will spill over a pass and flow into the Situk River. This will have a major impact on a world-class fishery. Yakutat will not be impacted unless the glacier advances to the townsite, which could take a thousand years. The vegetation in the area indicates that water was flowing over the pass until about 1860.

Climate

Yakutat has either a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfc) if the 0°C isotherm is used or a subpolar oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfc) if the -3°C isotherm is used, with characteristics typical of the Alaskan Panhandle, such as high precipitation, vegetation of a temperate rainforest and the absence of permafrost. It rivals Ketchikan as the wettest "city" in the United States, with an annual precipitation (1981−2010 normals) of 155 inches (3.94 m), which falls on 240 days of the year, including 150 inches (381 cm) of snow, almost all of it falling from November through April, that occurs on 64 days annually. (However, with an annual precipitation of 197.8 inches (5.02 m), the city of Whittier receives significantly more annual precipitation than both Yakutat and Ketchikan, which makes it the wettest city in Alaska and the United States, and Yakutat and Ketchikan the second- and third-wettest cities in Alaska, respectively.[15]) September and October represent, on average, the year's primary "rainy season," with an average of over 20 inches of precipitation both months. On average, the year's driest period is late April through July, though no month qualifies as a true "dry season." The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 28.1 °F (−2.2 °C) in January to 54.4 °F (12.4 °C) in July. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −24 °F (−31 °C) on December 30, 1964 up to 88 °F (31 °C) on August 15, 2004, though there are typically 4.9 days of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows and only 4 days of 70 °F (21 °C)+ highs annually.[16] Unlike in South Central Alaska, a day with a subzero (°F) high has never been recorded.[17][18]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880300
18903082.7%
1900247−19.8%
19102719.7%
1920165−39.1%
193026560.6%
194029210.2%
19502982.1%
1960230−22.8%
1970190−17.4%
1980449136.3%
199053418.9%
200068027.3%
2010662−2.6%
Est. 2018604[4]−8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
1990-2000[21] 2010-2018[7]

Yakutat first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as an unincorporated Tlingit-Yakutat village. All 300 residents were listed as Tlingit.[22] In 1890, it reported 308 residents, and this included the populations of the native villages at Dry Bay & Lituya (Bay). 300 were listed as Native, 7 Whites and 1 Creole (Mixed Russian & Native).[23] It continued to report on every successive census. In 1948, Yakutat formally incorporated. In 1992, it broke away from the Skagway-Yakutat-Angoon Census Area to form its own borough of Yakutat. It disincorporated at its formation and became a census-designated place (CDP).

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010,[8][9] there were 662 people, 502 households, and 201 families residing in the Yakutat. The racial makeup was 50.37% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 39.60% Native American, 1.24% Asian, 0.74% Pacific Islander, and 7.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.74% of the population.

5.78% reported speaking Tlingit at home.[24]

There were 265 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.30.

The population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 145.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 161.7 males.

The median income for a household in Yakutat was $46,786, and the median income for a family was $51,875. Males had a median income of $41,635 versus $25,938 for females. The per capita income was $22,579. About 11.8% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

At the 2000 census, central Yakutat was treated as a census-designated place (CDP), even though census-designated places "are not legally incorporated under the laws of the state in which they are located."[25] This area, consisting of about 100 square miles (slightly more than 250 km²), contained the vast majority of the population of the entire city-borough.

As of the census of 2000,[26] there were 680 people, 261 households, and 157 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 6.8 people per square mile (2.6/km²). There were 385 housing units at an average density of 3.9 per square mile (1.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 41.47% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 47.06% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.88% Pacific Islander, and 8.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.

There were 261 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 5.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 117.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $47,054, and the median income for a family was $51,875. Males had a median income of $42,404 versus $26,875 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $21,330. About 11.8% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Home Rule Charter of the City and Borough of Yakutat" (PDF). Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Yakutat (populated place)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  3. ^ a b c "Places (2010): Alaska" (TXT). 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Yakutat". Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  6. ^ "Alaska Taxable 2011: Municipal Taxation - Rates and Policies" (PDF). Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. January 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2013.
  7. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Yakutat City and Borough, Alaska". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Yakutat CDP, Alaska". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  10. ^ "Population of Alaska by Labor Market Region, Borough and Census Area, 1990-1999". Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
  11. ^ "Map showing boundaries of Yakutat (Borough and CDP) as of 2000 Census" (PDF). Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development. April 2017.
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Glory of Russia (historical)
  13. ^ Samples are available online, for example at a site hosted by the University of Alaska Fairbanks.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ Whittier – Comprehensive Plan Update 2005, p. 7, September 26, 2005
  16. ^ "Station Name: AK YAKUTAT STATE AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
  17. ^ a b "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". NOAA. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
  18. ^ https://wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliRECt.pl?ak9941
  19. ^ "YAKUTAT (70361) - Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved December 21, 2018. Archived December 27, 2018, at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  21. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  22. ^ http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1880a_v1-17.pdf
  23. ^ http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1890a_v8-01.pdf
  24. ^ MLA Language Map Data Center
  25. ^ United States Census Area Description
  26. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.

External links

Channel 2 low-power TV stations in the United States

The following low-power television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 2 in the United States:

K02AO-D in Eureka, Montana

K02AW in Virgin, Utah

K02BU in Green River, Utah

K02EE-D in Weaverville, California

K02EG-D in Ursine, Nevada

K02ET in Vallecito, Colorado

K02FF in Lakehead, California

K02HO in Unalaska, etc., Alaska

K02HY in Ridgecrest, etc., California

K02ID in Yakutat, Alaska

K02IK-D in Gateview, Colorado

K02JE in McGrath, Alaska

K02JG-D in Prospect, Oregon

K02JI in Angoon, Alaska

K02JJ-D in Williams, Oregon

K02JL in La Pine, Oregon

K02JO-D in Caliente, Nevada

K02JU in Selawik, Alaska

K02KB in Allakaket, Alaska

K02KK in Cantwell, Alaska

K02KN-D in Kanarraville, etc., Utah

K02KP in Lordsburg, New Mexico

K02KS in Ryndon, etc., Nevada

K02KX in Chevak, Alaska

K02KZ in Kobuk, Alaska

K02LA in Red Devil, Alaska

K02LH-D in Clarks Fork, Wyoming

K02LJ in Nondalton, Alaska

K02LW in Gustavus, Alaska

K02ME in Womens Bay, Alaska

K02MN in Levelock, Alaska

K02NU in Cedar City, etc., Utah

K02NV-D in Sargents, Colorado

K02OD-D in Shelter Cove, California

K02OG-D in Dolores, Colorado

K02OI in Montezuma Creek-Aneth, Utah

K02OP in Collbran, Colorado

K02OS-D in Weber Canyon, Colorado

K02OT in East Price, Utah

K02OU-D in Ismay Canyon, Colorado

K02PU in Bluff & area, Utah

K02QB in Alexandria, Louisiana

K02QI-D in Hesperus, Colorado

K02QM-D in Lemon, etc., Alaska

K02QP-D in Keyes, California

K02RJ-D in Kalispell & Lakeside, Montana

K15JZ-D in Applegate Valley, Oregon

K18LJ-D in Dunsmuir, etc., California

KAAP-LP in Santa Cruz, California

KCWQ-LP in Palm Springs, California

KFTY-LD in Middletown, California

KHIZ-LD in Los Angeles, California

KITM-LD in Lahaina, Hawaii

KNCD-LP in Nacogdoches, Texas

KQRM-LP in Petaluma, California

KQRO-LD in Morgan Hill, California

KSFW-LD in Dallas, Texas

KVNJ-LP in Fargo, North Dakota

KYAN-LD in Los Angeles, California

KYUM-LP in Yuma, Arizona

W02AF in Sylva, etc., North Carolina

W02AG-D in Brevard, North Carolina

W02AH in Mars Hill, North Carolina

W02AU-D in St. Francis, Maine

W02CF in Minocqua, Wisconsin

WBXA-CD in Birmingham, Alabama

WESL-LP in Jamestown, Kentucky

WKOB-LD in New York, New York

WUVF-LP in Naples, Florida

WYCX-CD in Manchester, etc., VermontThe following low-power stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly broadcast on analog channel 2:

K02EQ in Paris, Texas

K02FA in Antimony, Utah

K02FQ in Escalante, Utah

K02FT in Gold Hill, Oregon

K02FZ in Winthrop, Washington

K02GE in La Barge, Wyoming

K02GL in Dorena, etc., Oregon

K02IB in Homer, etc., Alaska

K02IQ in Squaw Valley, etc., Oregon

K02JH in Salida, etc., Colorado

K02JX in Bridgeport, etc., California

K02OK in Beowawe, etc., Nevada

K02PJ in La Grande, Oregon

Channel 9 low-power TV stations in the United States

The following low-power television stations broadcast on digital or analog channel 9 in the United States:

K09AI-D in Las Vegas, New Mexico

K09BA in Randolph, Utah

K09BE-D in Ekalaka, Montana

K09BG-D in Basin, Montana

K09BI-D in Methow, Washington

K09BJ-D in Entiat, Washington

K09BQ in Helper, Utah

K09BW in Forsyth, Montana

K09BX-D in Saco, Montana

K09CD in Rockville, Utah

K09CJ-D in Cedar City, Utah

K09CL-D in Rock Island, Washington

K09CS in Beaver, etc., Utah

K09CX in Green River, Utah

K09CY in Vernal, etc., Utah

K09DF-D in Juliaetta, Idaho

K09DG in Omak, etc., Washington

K09DM-D in Cortez, Colorado

K09DW-D in Ruth, Nevada

K09DY-D in Westcliffe, Colorado

K09EA-D in Ely & McGill, Nevada

K09EP in Grants, etc., New Mexico

K09ES-D in Cashmere, Washington

K09FF-D in Squilchuck St. Park, Washington

K09FJ-D in Pioche, Nevada

K09FK-D in Ursine, Nevada

K09FL-D in Caliente, Nevada

K09FQ-D in Thompson Falls, Montana

K09HI in Jordan, etc., Montana

K09HY-D in Glasgow, Montana

K09IV-D in Plevna, Montana

K09JG-D in Malta, Montana

K09KJ-D in Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico

K09KP in Toquerville, Utah

K09LH in Manitou Springs, Colorado

K09LO-D in Cascade, Idaho

K09LW-D in Martinsdale/Lennep, Montana

K09MG in Ridgecrest, etc., California

K09MH-D in White Sulphur Springs, Montana

K09MQ in Hanna, etc., Utah

K09MY-D in Polaris, Montana

K09NE in Tatitlek, Alaska

K09NF in Chitina, Alaska

K09NG in Noatak, Alaska

K09NH in Shungnak, Alaska

K09NI in Mekoryuk, Alaska

K09NK in Perryville, Alaska

K09NO in Pilot Point, Alaska

K09OK in Rosebud, etc., Montana

K09OQ in Wrangell, Alaska

K09OR in Cordova, Alaska

K09OT in Valdez, Alaska

K09OU in Petersburg, Alaska

K09OV in Kotzebue, Alaska

K09OW in Nome, Alaska

K09OY-D in Colstrip, Montana

K09PC in Grayling, Alaska

K09PD in Haines, Alaska

K09PJ-D in Ouray, Colorado

K09PL-D in Dingle, etc., Idaho

K09PO in Chevak, Alaska

K09PR in Nikolai, Alaska

K09PX in Chistochina, Alaska

K09QC in McGrath, Alaska

K09QD in Huslia, Alaska

K09QE in Larsen Bay, Alaska

K09QF in Angoon, Alaska

K09QG in Chalkyitsik, Alaska

K09QH-D in Kenai, Alaska

K09QI in Hydaburg, Alaska

K09QJ in Mentasta Lake, Alaska

K09QK in Karluk, Alaska

K09QL in Allakaket, etc., Alaska

K09QM in Nelson Lagoon, Alaska

K09QN in Point Hope, Alaska

K09QP in Kake, Alaska

K09QQ in Beaver, Alaska

K09QR in Gambell, Alaska

K09QU in Togiak, Alaska

K09QW in King Cove, Alaska

K09QX in St. Michael, Alaska

K09QY in Kaktovik, Alaska

K09QZ in Kivalina, Alaska

K09RA in Sand Point, Alaska

K09RB in St. Paul, Alaska

K09RC in Unalakleet, Alaska

K09RD in Rampart, Alaska

K09RE in St. George, Alaska

K09RF in Eagle Village, Alaska

K09RG in Kongiganak, Alaska

K09RH in Akutan, Alaska

K09RK in Nikolski, Alaska

K09RO in Teller, Alaska

K09RP in False Pass, Alaska

K09RS in Anaktuvuk Pass, Alaska

K09RT in Nuiqsut, Alaska

K09RV in Arctic Village, Alaska

K09RY in Hughes, Alaska

K09RZ in Shishmaref, Alaska

K09SA in Koyuk, Alaska

K09SD-D in Lemhi, etc., Idaho

K09SF in North Fork, etc., Wyoming

K09SG in Goodnews Bay, Alaska

K09SI in Cantwell, Alaska

K09SK in Egegik, Alaska

K09SL in Kotlik, Alaska

K09SN in Ivanof Bay, Alaska

K09SO in Chignik Lagoon, Alaska

K09SP in Igiugig, Alaska

K09SR in Port Lions, Alaska

K09SU in Hildale, etc., Utah

K09SV in Stevens Village, Alaska

K09SW in Tanunak, Alaska

K09TE in Bettles, Alaska

K09TH-D in Gunnison, Colorado

K09TI in Meyers Chuck, Alaska

K09TK in Elfin Cove, Alaska

K09TM in Kakhonak, Alaska

K09TQ in Manokotak, Alaska

K09TR in Kalskag, Alaska

K09TT in Circle, Alaska

K09TU in Lake Louise, etc., Alaska

K09TW in Venetie, Alaska

K09TX in Kaltag, Alaska

K09TZ in Atkasuk, Alaska

K09UA in Yakutat, Alaska

K09UB in Whittier, Alaska

K09UD in Akhiok, Alaska

K09UE in Kasigluk, Alaska

K09UP-D in Colville, Washington

K09VC-D in Paisley, Oregon

K09VL-D in Boyes & Hammond, Montana

K09WB-D in Powderhorn, Colorado

K09WS in Roundup, Montana

K09XK-D in Sheridan, Wyoming

K09XL-D in Douglas, Wyoming

K09XO-D in Homer, Alaska

K09XW-D in Palm Desert, etc., California

K09XY-D in Coolin, Idaho

K09YE-D in La Pine, Oregon

K09YH-D in Scottsbluff, Nebraska

K09YI-D in Gillette, Wyoming

K09YJ in Mexican Hat, Utah

K09YK-D in Durango/Purgatory, Colorado

K09YO-D in Thomasville, Colorado

K09YP-D in Mink Creek, Idaho

K09YR-D in Harlowton, Montana

K09YT-D in Sula, Montana

K09YW-D in Leamington, Utah

K09ZA-D in Leavenworth, Washington

K09ZB-D in Havre, Montana

K09ZP-D in Sigurd & Salina, Utah

K20DW-D in Juab, Utah

K47JI-D in Blanding/Monticello, Utah

K50GD-D in Long Valley Junction, Utah

KBCI-LD in Bonners Ferry, Idaho

KEBQ-LP in Beaumont, Texas

KKCO in Paonia, Colorado

KMXT-LP in Kodiak, Alaska

KNPG-LD in Saint Joseph, Missouri

KRKG-LP in Lewiston, Missouri

KSDX-LD in San Diego, California

KUVU-LP in Eureka, California

KXLH-LD in Helena, Montana

KXMN-LD in Spokane, etc., Washington

W09AF-D in Sylva, North Carolina

W09AG-D in Franklin, North Carolina

W09AS-D in Burnsville, North Carolina

W09AT in Fajardo, Puerto Rico

W09CK in Flint, Michigan

W09CZ-D in Roslyn, New York

W09DB-D in Williamsport, Pennsylvania

WDGT-LD in Miami, Florida

WEQT-LD in Gainesville, Georgia

WHCQ-LD in Cleveland, Mississippi

WJKF-CA in Jacksonville, Florida

WNGF-LP in Gouverneur, New York

WOBZ-LD in East Bernstadt, Kentucky

WOPI-CD in Kingsport, Tennessee/Bristol, Virginia

WQWQ-LP in Paducah, Kentucky

WWPS-LP in Hawley, Pennsylvania

WWRP-LP in Tallahassee, FloridaThe following low-power stations, which are no longer licensed, formerly broadcast on digital or analog channel 9:

K09AH in Aguilar, Colorado

K09AK in Eagle Nest, New Mexico

K09FX in Circleville, Utah

K09GK in White Bird, Idaho

K09GW in Broken Bow, Nebraska

K09HU in Hoehne, Colorado

K09ID in Soda Springs, etc., Idaho

K09IJ in La Barge, Wyoming

K09JE in Palmer, Alaska

K09JH in Mayfield, Utah

K09JJ in Bloomfield, etc., New Mexico

K09JR in Hazen, North Dakota

K09LC in Hanksville, Utah

K09LF in South Park, Wyoming

K09MI in Jeffrey City, Wyoming

K09MM in Paradise Valley, Nevada

K09MO in Hatch, Utah

K09NV in Alton, Utah

K09PI in Happy Camp, etc., California

K09UF in Morro Bay, California

K09VF in Samak, Utah

K09VQ in Crescent City, California

K09VW in Fish Lake Resort, Utah

K09WJ in Escalante, Utah

K09WP-D in Checkerboard, Montana

K09XF in Henrieville, Utah

K09XS in Buena Vista & Salida, Colorado

K09YQ-D in Ketchikan, Alaska

W09BB in Schroon Lake, New York

W09CQ in Jamestown, Kentucky

W09CT-D in Mathias, etc., West Virginia

Elaine Abraham

Elaine Elizabeth Abraham (June 19, 1929 – May 18, 2016) was a Tlingit elder and registered nurse who contributed to improving health care delivery in rural Alaska. Later active professionally in the field of education, she assisted with the creation of the Alaska Native Language Center, and, as a statewide administrator at the University of Alaska, in 1976, led the establishment of community colleges in underserved parts of the state.

Elmer E. Rasmuson

Elmer Edwin Rasmuson (February 15, 1909 – December 1, 2000) was an American banker, philanthropist and politician in the territory and state of Alaska. He headed the family business, National Bank of Alaska, for many decades as president and later chairman. He also served as Mayor of Anchorage from 1964 to 1967 and was the Republican nominee for United States Senator from Alaska in the 1968 election, losing the general election to Mike Gravel.

Glacier Bay Wilderness

Glacier Bay Wilderness is a wilderness area in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve in the U.S. state of Alaska. It consists of the park section of 3.28-million-acre (13,300 km2) Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve. Surrounded by a spectacular, glaciated horseshoe rim of mountains, the bay is sheltered by the Fairweather Range to the west and the Saint Elias Mountains on the north. The highest peaks, topped by Mount Fairweather at 15,300 feet (4,700 m), stand almost three miles (5 km) above the sea and attract intrepid mountaineers. No trails exist, but backpacking is growing increasingly popular, often along numerous icy streams sometimes welcoming and sometimes choked with brush. Brown and black bears are numerous on shore. Firearms are not permitted in the park section.

Icy Bay (Alaska)

Icy Bay is a body of water in Southeast Alaska, formed in the last 100 years by the rapid retreat of the Guyot, Yahtse, and Tyndall Glaciers. It is part of the Wrangell-Saint Elias Wilderness.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the bay entrance was permanently blocked by a giant tidewater glacier face that calved icebergs directly into the Gulf of Alaska. A century-long glacial retreat has opened a multi-armed bay more than 30 miles (48 km) long.

Icy Bay is popular destination for sea kayakers, and is reachable by bush plane from Yakutat, Alaska.

List of shipwrecks in 1983

The list of shipwrecks in 1983 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1983.

MS Prinsendam (1973)

MS Prinsendam, a Holland-America liner built at Shipyard de Merwede in the Netherlands in 1973, was 427 feet long and typically carried about 350 passengers and 200 crew members. The liner was sailing through the Gulf of Alaska, approximately 120 miles south of Yakutat, Alaska, at midnight on October 4, 1980, when a fire broke out in the engine room. The vessel's master, Cornelis Dirk Wabeke (April 13, 1928 – August 16, 2011), declared the fire out of control one hour later and the Prinsendam sent a radio call requesting immediate assistance. The United States Coast Guard at Communications Station Kodiak, Alaska requested that the Prinsendam send out an SOS, but the captain declined. Chief Radio Officer Jack van der Zee sent one out anyway about a half-hour later, which alerted nearby vessels.United States Coast Guard, USAF Air Rescue Service, and Royal Canadian Air Force CH-113 helicopters which had greater range, rescued the passengers and crew. Two USAF pararescuemen were inserted into one of the lifeboats. This boat was the last rescued and was spotted only when the Air Force personnel signalled the on scene cutters. The cutters USCGC Boutwell (WHEC-719), USCGC Mellon (WHEC-717), and USCGC Woodrush (WLB-407) responded in concert with other vessels in the area. The Sohio Intrepid and the Williamsburgh assisted on scene. The Williamsburgh served a vital role as a communications platform and was the first vessel to arrive on scene and take passengers on board. The Sohio Intrepid served as a platform for one of the USAF helicopters that was unable to refuel in flight. The rescue took place during a period of steadily deteriorating weather. The passenger vessel capsized and sank a week later. The rescue is particularly noteworthy because of the distance traveled by the rescuers, the coordination of independent organizations, and the fact that all 520 passengers and crew were rescued without loss of life or serious injury.

Mount Alverstone

Mount Alverstone or Boundary Peak 180, is a high peak in the Saint Elias Mountains, on the border between Alaska and Yukon. It shares a large massif with the higher Mount Hubbard to the south and the slightly lower Mount Kennedy to the east. The summit of Mount Alverstone marks a sharp turn in the Alaska/Canada border; the border goes south from this point toward the Alaska panhandle and west toward Mount Saint Elias.

The mountain was named in 1908 for Lord Richard Everard Webster Alverstone, Lord Chief Justice of England, 1900–13, and U.S. Boundary Commissioner in 1903. He served on various arbitration commissions including the one dealing with the Bering Sea Fur seal controversy. In the Alaska boundary dispute in 1903, his vote was the deciding one against Canadian claims.

Mount Fairweather

Mount Fairweather (officially gazetted as Fairweather Mountain in Canada but referred to as Mount Fairweather), is the highest mountain in the Canadian province of British Columbia, with an elevation of 4,671 metres (15,325 feet). It is located 20 km (12 mi) east of the Pacific Ocean on the border of Alaska, United States and western British Columbia, Canada. Most of the mountain lies within Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve in the City and Borough of Yakutat, Alaska (USA), though the summit borders Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Park, British Columbia (Canada). It is also designated as Boundary Peak 164 or as US/Canada Boundary Point #164.The mountain was named on May 3, 1778 by Captain James Cook, apparently for the unusually good weather encountered at the time. The name has been translated into many languages. It was called "Mt. Beautemps" by La Perouse (1786, atlas), "Mte. Buen-tiempo" by Galiano (1802, map 3), "Gor[a]-Khoroshy-pogody" on Russian Hydrographic Dept. Chart 1378 in 1847, and "G[ora] Fayerveder" by Captain Tebenkov (1852, map 7), Imperial Russian Navy. It was called "Schönwetterberg" by Constantin Grewingk in 1850 and "Schönwetter Berg" by Justus Perthes in 1882.Fairweather was first climbed in 1931 by Allen Carpé and Terris Moore.

Mount Seattle

Mount Seattle is a 10,350-foot (3,150 m) peak in the Saint Elias Mountains of Alaska in the United States. It was named for the city of Seattle, home of the "camp hands" of a 19th-century National Geographic Society–United States Geological Survey scientific expedition to the Hubbard Glacier and Mount Saint Elias. It is called the "most prominent Alaskan coastal peak" and blocks sight of larger inland peaks, even Mount Logan nearly twice its height.It was first ascended in May 1966 by Fred Beckey, Eric Bjornstad and four other climbers.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Yakutat, Alaska

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Yakutat, Alaska.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Yakutat, Alaska, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a Google map.There is 1 property listed on the National Register in the city and borough, which is also a National Historic Landmark.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted July 12, 2019.

Russell Fjord

Russell Fjord is a fjord in the U.S. state of Alaska. It extends north to Disenchantment Bay, the terminus of Hubbard Glacier, at the head of Yakutat Bay. The fjord was named in 1906 by Marcus Baker of the U.S. Geological Survey for explorer Israel Russell, who discovered the estuary in 1891 while exploring the Yakutat region.

The opening into Disenchantment Bay was periodically blocked by the glacier and the Russell Fjord turned into a lake collecting freshwater run-off from the glacier. The entrance closed from May to October 1986, and again briefly in 2002.[1]

Seiki Kayamori

Seiki Kayamori (1877–1941) was a Japanese photographer who lived in Yakutat, Alaska, before World War II. His photographs captured the village's residents, mostly Tlingit Indians, at a time when the fish canning industry and other outside influences were beginning to change or eclipse traditional ways of life.

Kayamori lived in Yakutat for some 30 years and never returned to Japan. But even before Pearl Harbor was bombed, the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation suspected him and other Japanese immigrants on the West Coast of spying. Two days after the attack, awaiting his arrest, Kayamori committed suicide. No credible evidence has ever been produced to indicate that he was a spy. Today, about 700 of Kayamori's photographs are housed at the Alaska State Historical Library in Juneau.

Variegated Glacier

Variegated Glacier is one of several glaciers which connect to Russell Fjord in Alaska. Variegated Glacier has been of considerable scientific interest because it surges every 20 years.

Yahtse River

The Yahtse River (Tlingit Yas'ei Héen) is a short glacier outlet stream extending from the Malaspina Glacier to the Pacific Ocean. The river formerly served as a primary outlet stream for the western portion of the Malaspina. Following the retreat of the Icy Bay glaciers in the 20th century the outlet of the Malaspina shifted to the Caetani River draining into Icy Bay, and the Yahtse was almost completely abandoned by the early 21st century.

Yakutat Airport

Yakutat Airport (IATA: YAK, ICAO: PAYA, FAA LID: YAK) is a state owned, public use airport located three nautical miles (6 km) southeast of the central business district of Yakutat, a city and borough in the U.S. state of Alaska which has no road access to the outside world. Airline service is subsidized by the Essential Air Service program.

As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 11,028 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 12,158 enplanements in 2009, and 10,035 in 2010. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2015-2019, which categorized it as a primary commercial service (nonhub) airport (more than 10,000 enplanements per year) based on 10,100 enplanements in CY 2012.

ZB 304

The 300-foot × 90-foot × 18.5-foot US-flagged, ABS Ocean deck barge ZB 304 was “heavy-built” in 1982 for Zidell Barges by Bergeron Industries with a spoon bow and stern rake integrating three longitudinal and seven transverse bulkheads and using ​1⁄2-inch sides and bottom plate and ​5⁄8-inch deck plate.ZB 304 was lost under tow in 1997 as a result of a parted towline and grounded during heavy weather near Alsek River in the Gulf of Alaska 38 miles east of Yakutat, Alaska. A salvage crew was dispatched by air to the casualty to evaluate the situation and prepare the barge for refloating. M/V Salvage Chief, operated by Fred Divine Diving and Salvage Company, responded from Astoria, Oregon with specialized salvage gear which was transferred by helicopter and connected to fittings previously installed on ZB 304. Three six-ton salvage anchors were deployed and three tow lines were connected to ZB 304, which was refloated and towed to Yakutat. The cargo was transferred to a second barge and delivered to its destination by Dunlap Towing Company. The barge was declared a total loss but over $3 million worth of cargo and equipment was saved through the efforts of Fred Divine Diving and Salvage Company.

Climate data for Yakutat, Alaska (Yakutat State Airport), 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1917−present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 58
(14)
56
(13)
59
(15)
71
(22)
80
(27)
87
(31)
85
(29)
88
(31)
77
(25)
63
(17)
59
(15)
52
(11)
88
(31)
Average high °F (°C) 33.7
(0.9)
36.3
(2.4)
39.5
(4.2)
45.7
(7.6)
52.3
(11.3)
57.3
(14.1)
60.1
(15.6)
60.6
(15.9)
55.7
(13.2)
47.4
(8.6)
38.5
(3.6)
35.1
(1.7)
46.9
(8.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28.1
(−2.2)
29.7
(−1.3)
32.0
(0.0)
37.8
(3.2)
44.7
(7.1)
50.8
(10.4)
54.3
(12.4)
53.8
(12.1)
48.4
(9.1)
41.0
(5.0)
32.3
(0.2)
29.6
(−1.3)
40.2
(4.6)
Average low °F (°C) 22.4
(−5.3)
23.0
(−5.0)
24.6
(−4.1)
30.0
(−1.1)
37.2
(2.9)
44.4
(6.9)
48.7
(9.3)
47.3
(8.5)
41.4
(5.2)
34.8
(1.6)
26.3
(−3.2)
24.4
(−4.2)
33.7
(0.9)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−20
(−29)
−20
(−29)
3
(−16)
9
(−13)
29
(−2)
35
(2)
29
(−2)
16
(−9)
6
(−14)
−10
(−23)
−24
(−31)
−24
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 13.66
(347)
10.86
(276)
10.98
(279)
9.19
(233)
8.21
(209)
6.39
(162)
7.88
(200)
14.15
(359)
21.11
(536)
22.01
(559)
14.46
(367)
16.28
(414)
155.18
(3,941)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 31.3
(80)
28.2
(72)
28.5
(72)
11.0
(28)
0.5
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3.2
(8.1)
20.4
(52)
27.4
(70)
150.4
(382)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 21.9 18.6 19.3 18.5 17.5 17.0 18.5 18.9 21.7 24.0 21.6 22.5 240
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 12.0 11.0 11.6 6.1 0.3 0 0 0 0 1.7 8.7 12.6 64
Average relative humidity (%) 82.8 83.1 81.2 81.4 82.5 84.5 87.7 88.5 89 87.6 84.8 84.1 84.8
Source: NOAA[17][19]
Municipalities and communities of the City and Borough of Yakutat, Alaska, United States
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