Yakub Kolas

Yakub Kolas (also Jakub Kołas, Belarusian: Яку́б Ко́лас, November 3 [O.S. October 22] 1882 – August 13, 1956), real name Kanstancin Mickievič (Міцке́віч Канстанці́н Міха́йлавіч) was a Belarusian writer, People's Poet of the Byelorussian SSR (1926), and member (1928) and vice-president (from 1929) of the Belarusian Academy of Sciences.

In his works, Yakub Kolas was known for his sympathy towards the ordinary Belarusian peasantry. This was evident in his pen name 'Kolas', meaning 'ear of grain' in Belarusian. He wrote collections of poems Songs of Captivity (1908) and Songs of Grief (Belarusian: Песьні-жальбы, 1910), poems A New Land (Belarusian: Новая зямля, 1923) and Simon the Musician (Belarusian: Сымон-музыка, 1925), stories, and plays. His poem The Fisherman's Hut (Belarusian: Рыбакова хата, 1947) is about the fight after unification of Belarus with the Soviet state. His trilogy At a Crossroads (1954) is about the pre-Revolutionary life of the Belarusian peasantry and the democratic intelligentsia. He was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1946 and 1949. In honor of Yakub Kolas, a square and a street in the center of Minsk bear his name.

Belarus-Minsk-Yakub Kolas Square-2
Yakub Kolas Monument in Minsk
Yakub Kolas
Якуб Колас
Yakub Kolas in office
BornKanstantsin Mihaylavich Mitskievich
November 3 [O.S. October 22] 1882
Akinchytsy, now part of Stoŭbtsy, Belarus
DiedAugust 13, 1956
Minsk, Byelorussian SSR, USSR
OccupationPoet and writer
NationalityBelarusian
Period1906–1956

External links

Alex Salaueu

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Belarusian Humanities Lyceum

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Belarusian literature

Belarusian literature (Belarusian: Беларуская лiтаратура, translit. Bielaruskaja litaratura) is the writing produced, both prose and poetry, by speakers (not necessarily native speakers) of the Belarusian language.

Belarus–Uzbekistan relations

Belarusian-Uzbek relations refers to the bilateral relations between the Republic of Belarus and the Republic of Uzbekistan. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on 21 January 1993, with the Belarusian Embassy in Tashkent being opened in February 1994. Uzbekistan also has an embassy in Minsk. Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko paid official visits to Uzbekistan in December 1994 and September 2018, while Uzbek President Islam Karimov visited Minsk in October 2014. In March 2018, the Academy of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan and the Military-Technical Institute of the National Guard of Uzbekistan signed a memorandum of cooperation with the Military Academy of Belarus.

Culture of Belarus

The culture of Belarus is the product of a millennium of development under the impact of a number of diverse factors. These include the physical environment; the ethnographic background of Belarusians (the merger of Slavic newcomers with Baltic natives); the paganism of the early settlers and their hosts; Eastern Orthodox Christianity as a link to the Byzantine literary and cultural traditions; the country's lack of natural borders; the flow of rivers toward both the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea; and the variety of religions in the region (Catholicism, Orthodoxy, Judaism, and Islam).An early Western influence on Belarusian culture was Magdeburg Law—charters that granted municipal self-rule and were based on the laws of German cities. These charters were granted in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries by grand dukes and kings to a number of cities, including Brest, Grodno, Slutsk, and Minsk. The tradition of self-government not only facilitated contacts with Western Europe but also nurtured self-reliance, entrepreneurship, and a sense of civic responsibility.In 1517-19 Francysk Skaryna (ca. 1490-1552) translated the Bible into the vernacular (Old Belarusian). Under the communist regime, Skaryna's work was vastly undervalued, but in independent Belarus he became an inspiration for the emerging national consciousness as much for his advocacy of the Belarusian language as for his humanistic ideas.From the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries, when the ideas of humanism, the Renaissance, and the Reformation were alive in Western Europe, these ideas were debated in Belarus as well because of trade relations there and because of the enrollment of noblemen's and burghers' sons in Western universities. The Reformation and Counter-Reformation also contributed greatly to the flourishing of polemical writings as well as to the spread of printing houses and schools.During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when Poland and Russia were making deep political and cultural inroads in Belarus by assimilating the nobility into their respective cultures, the rulers succeeded in associating "Belarusian" culture primarily with peasant ways, folklore, ethnic dress, and ethnic customs, with an overlay of Christianity. This was the point of departure for some national activists who attempted to attain statehood for their nation in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.The development of Belarusian literature, spreading the idea of nationhood for the Belarusians, was epitomized by the literary works of Yanka Kupala (1882–1942) and Yakub Kolas (1882–1956). The works of these poets, along with several other outstanding writers, became the classics of modern Belarusian literature by writing widely on rural themes (the countryside was where the writers heard the Belarusian language) and by modernizing the Belarusian literary language, which had been little used since the sixteenth century. Postindependence authors in the 1990s continued to use rural themes widely.Unlike literature's focus on rural life, other fields of culture—painting, sculpture, music, film, and theater—centered on urban reality, universal concerns, and universal values.

Germaul Barnes

Germaul Barnes was born June 2, 1971 in Phoenix, Arizona where he studied at The Center of Performing Arts at South Mountain High School, Phoenix School of Ballet and Ballet Arizona. Currently living in Brooklyn, New York and is the founder and artistic director of Viewsic Dance, a dance organization dedicated to the development of local and international contemporary dancers. He continued his dance training at the University of the Arts-Philadelphia. In the early part of his career, he performed with Bill T. Jones/Arine Zane Dance Company where he received the 2003 BESSIES -New York and Performance Award, Cleo Parker Robinson Dance Ensemble, Jose Tmim, Movement Source Dance Company, Group Motions Dance Company, Pacific Conservatory Theatre and as guest performer with numerous ballet and contemporary dance company worldwide. He formed Viewsic Dance-VD (formerly Viewsic Expressions) in 1993 and has since created over 50 works for this project-by-project company.

He has become an internationally recognizable presence in the American contemporary dance scene. Noted for his visual wizardry and sonic imagination, he has been describe as “he came to resemble a martyr” (New York Times). As Director of VD his work has been seen at Central Park Summer Stage, Institute of Contemporary Arts/Boston, and The Kumble Theater for the Performance Arts and the International Dance Theater in Lublin, Poland, and Kulturhuset in Stockholm, Sweden and The Yakub Kolas National Academic Drama Theatre in Vitebsk, Russia. Recently, he choreographed Marley - the first original musical based on both the life and music of Bob Marley. “Germaul Barnes is saluted for the great choreography” (Broadway World). Barnes also works extensively in opera, television and films directing and choreographing productions for the South African composer Bongani Ndodana, Time Warren Cable, Alvin Ailey/Fordham, DanceImmersions, Joffery Ballet Jazz & Contemporary Intensive, Burt Sugar/Danz, UNCG, Finding Her Light, Pile On! and Fall to Rise, among others.

As Collaborations is a strong component to Barnes creative process he has worked with such artists as Thollem McDonas, Russian National Wind Quintet, Cameron Carpenter, Gabri Christa, Greg Tate, Paul Sullivan, Harry Feiner, Calvin Wiley, Peter McMath, Maxim Rubtsov and Whitney V. Hunter.

He as taught at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, Belarus International Modern Dance Festival, Boroditski Denis Dance Camp, Dance Immersions, National Theater of Ghana, Lublin International Dance Festival, Joffery Ballet Jazz & Contemporary Intensive, Restorations Plaza Youth Arts Academy and Dance Olympus.

Barnes is a member of the INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BLACKS IN DANCE and serve as an Advisory Board Member and curator for the Thelma Hill Performance Arts Center. He currently holds the post as Associate Artistic Director of ChoreoQuest Project. He has received Arts International Grant to support his anthropology study in Ghana, West Africa and The Phoenix Art Commission Award. One of his highest personal achievement is working closely with Katherine Dunham and Eleo Pomare.

Germaul has received critical acclaim for his work across the globe,

including his choreography and performance in the 60x60 project's 60x60 Dance at the World Financial Center Winter Garden Atrium.

Independence Avenue (Minsk)

Independence Avenue (Belarusian: праспект Незалежнасці, Russian: проспект Независимости) (Praspiekt Niezaliežnasci) is the main street of Minsk, the capital of Belarus. Independence Avenue crosses Minsk radially from its centre towards the North-East. Length of the avenue is about 15 km.

Kolas

Kolas may refer to:

Yakub Kolas (1882–1956), Belarusian writer

Kolas Yotaka (born 1974), Taiwanese politician and journalist

List of Belarusians (ethnic group)

This is a list of people who are descended from the Old Belarusians of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

List of people from Belarus

This is a list of people connected to the Republic of Belarus. It is not limited to persons of Belarusian ethnicity; Russians, Jews, Poles, Vikings, etc., may be found in this list. Over time the Belarusian land has had many rulers, and often its culture was suppressed. Therefore, many Belarusian nationals are known to the world as Poles or Russians.

List of squares in Minsk

This is a list of central squares of Minsk, the capital of Belarus.

Mickevičius

Mickevičius or Mickiewicz is a Lithuanian (Mickevičius), Belarusian (Міцкевіч), and Polish (Mickiewicz) family name.

The surname may refer to:

Adam Mickiewicz (1799–1855) - Polish-Lithuanian poet

Vincas Krėvė-Mickevičius (1882–1954), writer

Vincas Mickevičius-Kapsukas (1880–1935), communist activist

Konstancija Mickevičiūtė - mother of Algirdas Julien Greimas

Yakub Kolas (real name Kanstancin Mickievič) - Belarusian writer

Mickievič

Mickievič (Belarusian: Міцкевіч) is a gender-neutral Belarusian-language surname. It is derived from the Orthodox given name Mićko/Mićka (Belarusian: Міцько/Міцька), a diminutive of Dzmitryj (Belarusian: Дзмітрый).

Other forms: Belarusian (Old Łacinka), Polish: Mickiewicz; Lithuanianized: Mickevičius, Belarusian, Russian: Mitskevich (transliteration from Cyrillic alphabet).

Notable people with the surname include:

Barys Mickievič, Belarusian literary critic

Danila Mickievič, Belarusian cultural worker, chemist. Son of Yakub Kolas

Iniesa Mickievič, Belarusian journalist.

Kanstancin Mickievič, birth name of Yakub Kolas

Mikalaj Mickievič, Belarusian actor, director

Mikalaj Mickievič, Belarusian chemist

Michaś Mickievič, Belarusian scientist. The younger son of Yakub Kolas.

Michaś Mickievič, Belarusian public and cultural figure. Younger brother of Yakub Kolas

Uladzimir Mickievič, Belarusian party and state leaders

Nikolai Yeremenko Sr.

Nikolai Nikolaevich Yeremenko Sr. (Belarusian: Мікалай Мікалаевіч Яроменка (старэйшы); (Russian: Никола́й Никола́евич Ерёменко-ста́рший) was a Belarusian Soviet film and theater actor. People's Artist of the USSR (1989).

Member of the Great Patriotic War. He managed to survive in a Nazi concentration camp.After graduating in 1948, the studio theater of the Yakub Kolas Belarusian Drama Theater in Vitebsk, he became a theater actor (1948-1959). Since 1959 - an actor of Yanka Kupala National Academic Theatre.

He began acting in films in 1960.

His son was also an actor, Nikolai Yeremenko Jr. (1949-2001).

Ploshcha Yakuba Kolasa (Minsk Metro)

Ploshcha Yakuba Kolasa (Belarusian: Плошча Якуба Коласа; Russian: Площадь Якуба Коласа) is a Minsk Metro station. Opened on June 24, 1984.

Station was named after Belarusian writer Yakub Kolas.

Tsimafei Dranchuk

Tsimafei Dranchuk (Belarusian: Цімафей Дранчук) is the leader of the unregistered Belarusian prisoners' rights organization Over Barrier.In 1996-1997 he studied at the Belarus humanitarian lyceum at BHECC (later National lyceum named after Yakub Kolas). In 1998, as an external student he finished high school №33, and in 1999 began studying journalism at the Belarusian state university. He was expelled in 2001 from the university for political activity.

From 1996 to 2000 Tsimafei was engaged in communicative maintenance of the newspaper Belavezhskaya Pushcha, and in 1997-1998 worked as the press-secretary for the city trade union of businessmen "Sadruzhnasc". As well till 2000 he was among most active members of the youth organization Malady Front". Tsimafey was the editor of the unregistered newsletter of Malady Front Moladzevy Vesnik ("Youth news"). In 1999 he actively participated in the alternative presidential elections organized by the opposition as press-secretary for Michael Chigir.

In 2000-2001 he became chairman of the youth organization Maladzezhnaja Salidarnasc ("Youth solidarity"), and from 2001 till 2004 coordinated work of the "Zubr" movement in Minsk.Since 2004 Tsimafey became the activist of Andrey Klimov’s movement, he was one of organizers of the "Revolution!" on March 25, 2005. Cooperated with PI "Partnership".

In 2005 Tsimafey has entered the European humanitarian university liquidated by the Belarusian authorities and re-open in Vilnius, on faculty of international law.

On February 21, 2006 he was arrested and placed in investigator isolator of KGB together with Enira Branitskaja, Mikalay Astrejka and Aliaxandar Shalajka. He was accused in violation of article 193 part 2 of the Criminal Code. Amnesty International designated him a prisoner of conscience.On December 26, 2006 he was released from Correctional Facility-1 in Minsk.On May 22, 2007, Dranchuk, together with political prisoner Dzmitry Kasperovich and other public activists, declared the creation of the BCPPR "Above the barrier".

Yakub

Yakub or Yaqub (Arabic: يعقوب‎‎, translit. Yaʿqūb, also transliterated in other ways, including Yaqoob, Yaqoub, Yaqub, and Yakup) is a male given name. It is the Arabic version of Jacob and James. The Arabic form Ya'qūb may be direct from the Hebrew or indirect through Syriac. The name was in use in pre-Islamic Arabia and is a common given name in Arab, Turkish, and Muslim societies. It is also used as a surname.

Yakub Kolas Square

The Yakub Kolas Square (Belarusian: Плошча Якуба Коласа - Plošča Jakuba Kolasa) is a square in Pershamayski District of Minsk, is located on crossing of Independence Avenue, Yakub Kolas street and Vera Khoruzhaya street. The square was named in honour of the folk poet and one of the founders of the classic Belarusian literature - Yakub Kolas. The sculptures of Yakub Kolas and figures from his poems form the architectural centerpiece of the square. Lush greenery and fountains make this square an attractive landmark on a hot summer day for nearby workers, shoppers and city tourists.

City underground station of the Moskovskaya line exits to the square, nearby tram stop, bus and trolley stop. Clay tiles in national style lay the vestibule of the station.

Several central streets join at the square including Yakub Kolas Street, Red street, Golden Hill, Very Choruzhey Street and Moulyavin Boulevard. Belarusian State University of Physical Culture faces the square from the east.

Minsk Production Amalgamation for Computers and Minsk Print Works face the square from the North. The towers of both buildings form a "gate" together with Very Choruzhey street similar in style to the Stalinist towers on Station Square facing Minsk Railway Station. Restaurant "At Crossroads" with its characteristic red face brick overlooks the square from the West. The National Philharmonic is located to the south of the square and surrounded with dwellings, department store "TSUM" and supermarket "Stolichny". The architects succeeded to make it a convenient City center for residents, workers, shoppers, tourists and art lovers.

Yanka Maur

Yanka Maur (Belarusian: Я́нка Маўр; Latvian: Janka Maurs; Russian: Я́нка Мавр; Yanka Mavr), (May 11, 1883 – August 3, 1971) was a famous Belarusian writer. Yanka Maur was actually his pseudonym, while his real name was Ivan Mikhailavich Fiodarau (Belarusian: Іва́н Міха́йлавіч Фёдараў). His son, Fiodar Fiodaraŭ, was a famous Belarusian physicist.

He was born in Liepāja, Courland and grew up in the Belarusian village Lebianishki, which is now in Lithuania. He graduated from vocational school in Kaunas, then entered a pedagogical school in 1899, but was thrown out for being a member of an underground revolutionary club. Nevertheless in 1903 he passed all the exams as a non-resident student and became a high school teacher. In 1906 took part in the underground meeting of the Belarusian teachers, organized by the famous Belarusian writer Yakub Kolas. After that he was arrested and could not work as a teacher anymore. He could teach again only in 1911, becoming a geography and history teacher in a private school in Minsk.

He was working in many different literary genres: satirical, historical, literature for kids. He is credited with starting the science fiction tradition in the modern Belarusian literature.

His biggest novel is Amok, but his best-selling and perhaps most known book was Palesse Robinsons. Besides writing, he also translated stories into Belarusian from many foreign authors, including Jules Verne, Victor Hugo, Anton Chekhov, Mark Twain, and others.

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