The Xunta de Galicia (Galician pronunciation: [ˈʃuntɐ ðɪ ɣaˈliθjɐ]; "Regional Government of Galicia") is the collective decision-making body of the government of the autonomous community of Galicia, composed of the President, the Vice-President(s) and the specialized ministers (Conselleiros).
The Xunta has at its disposal a vast bureaucratic organization based at Santiago de Compostela, the galician government capital. The Xunta de Galicia has delegations in the four capital cities of Galicia: A Coruña, Pontevedra, Ourense and Lugo.
|Board of Galicia |
Xunta de Galicia
|Conjoined institutions overview|
|Headquarters||Santiago de Compostela|
Article 16, Section 2 of the Galician Statute of Autonomy states that
The Xunta de Galicia finds its origins in the Xunta of the Kingdom of Galicia active between 1528 and 1833. The Xunta was Galicia's representation to the central Spanish monarchy. The Xunta was composed by representatives from the cities (dioceses) of Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Betanzos, A Coruña, Mondoñedo, Ourense and Tui. But at that time the Xunta did not hold real power; it was a consultative body only.
During the Peninsular War, started in 1808, the Xunta Suprema de Galicia directed the war against the French invaders and maintained the public order in Galician territory. This Xunta Suprema was in charge of military, legislative issues, and international relations. It was the first time that the Xunta had real autonomy, as the Spanish control weakened. This situation lasted until the French invaders were eventually expelled from the Iberian Peninsula and Ferdinand VII of Spain gradually recovered control over former territories (1813–1814).
In 1833 the Xunta was dismantled following the provincial division engaged in Spain by minister Javier de Burgos, under the regency of Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies. In this way, Galicia was separated into four provinces, each one managed by a Provincial Council.
Yet, in 1843 the Xunta Central de Galicia was created and presided over by Xosé Maria Suances. In 1846 commander Miguel Solís initiated a military uprising in Lugo. He put an end to the Provincial Councils and created the Xunta Superior do Goberno de Galicia, presided over by Pio Rodríguez Terrazo. This movement attempted to re-unify Galicia and called for Galicia's self-rule. Solís was eventually defeated at the Battle of Cacheiras (23 April 1846) and the so-called Martyrs of Carral were executed on 27 April.
Prospects for Galician self-government and possible restoration of a Xunta came close while the Galician Statute of Autonomy of 1936 was being discussed, at the time of the Spanish Second Republic (1931–1939). However, the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) and subsequent Francoist dictatorship (1939–1977) halted the process. There was a temporary Galician government in exile, presided by Castelao, although this was not called Xunta but Consello da Galiza (Council of Galicia).
The process of devolution initiated by the passing of the Spanish Constitution in 1978 allowed for the establishment of a new Xunta, on 16 March 1978. The Galician Statute of Autonomy (1981), came to ratify the Xunta and Galicia's self-government.
The consellerías are the different departments, or ministries, of the Xunta de Galicia. They are the responsibility of the conselleiros (masculine) or conselleiras (feminine). The conselleiros and conselleiras form the actual cabinet of the government, close to the President. The list of current consellerías and their respective heads is as:
From 1990 to 2005, the government and parliament of Galicia, Spain, the Xunta de Galicia, was presided over by the People`s Party (Partido Popular, Spain's main national conservative party) under Manuel Fraga, a former minister and ambassador under Francoist Spain. Fraga is remembered by Galician people as the man who built Galicia's economy up from nothing, but he is also remembered for his dictatorial style of governance. In the 2005 Galician elections, the People's Party lost its overall majority, while just remaining the largest party in the parliament.
In the event, power passed to a coalition between the Socialists' Party of Galicia (Partido dos Socialistas de Galicia, PSdeG), a regional sister-party of Spain's main socialist party, the Spanish Socialist Workers Party) and the Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG, a nationalist party). As the senior partner in the new coalition, the PSdeG nominated its leader, Emilio Perez Touriño, to serve as Galicia's new president.As Catedrais beach
As Catedrais beach translates as 'Beach of the Cathedrals'. It is the touristic name of Praia de Aguas Santas (in Galician language : 'Beach of the Holy Waters'). The Spanish beach is located in the Ribadeo municipality, in the province of Lugo (Galicia), on the Cantabric coast, and it lies about ten kilometers to the west from the town of Ribadeo. Its name is derived from the formations of its cliffs.
It has been declared a Natural Monument by the regional Ministry for the Environment of the Xunta de Galicia.Boimorto
Boimorto is a municipality in the province of A Coruña in the autonomous community of Galicia in northwestern Spain. It is located in the comarca of Arzúa. It has an area of 82.71 km2, a population of 2,486 (2004 estimate), and a population density of 30.06 people/km2. Coordinates: 43° 00' 27" N - 8° 07' 37" W. Elevation: 487 m.Castelao Medal
The Castelao Medal (Galician: Medalla Castelao) is an award presented by the Xunta de Galicia to honour the people and institutions that have created exceptional works in the arts, culture, literature, science, or in any other field that is worthy of distinction. The award can be bestowed upon Galicians whether they reside in Galicia or abroad.Cesuras
Cesuras was a municipality of northwestern Spain in the province of A Coruña, in the autonomous community of Galicia. It is located in the comarca of Betanzos. On June 6, 2013, the Xunta de Galicia government approved the decree the merger of the municipality with Oza dos Ríos, which created the Oza-Cesuras municipality.Compostela Group of Universities
The Compostela Group of Universities (CGU) is an international non-profit association that promotes and executes collaboration projects between institutions of higher education. It currently has 67 full members, 2 associate members and 9 mutual membership agreements with institutions from 27 different countries.Emilio Pérez Touriño
Emilio Pérez Touriño (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈmiljo ˈpeɾeθ touˈɾiɲo]; born 8 August 1948) is a Spanish politician and economist. He is the former secretary general of the Socialists' Party of Galicia and, from August 2005 to March 2009, former president of the autonomous community of Galicia (Spain). Namely, he was president of the executive branch, the Xunta de Galicia. His political views are social democratic and Galicianist.FinisTerrae
Finisterrae was the 100th supercomputer in Top500 ranking in November 2007. Running at 12.97 teraFLOPS, it would rank at position 258 on the list as of June 2008. It is also the third most powerful supercomputer in Spain (after MareNostrum and Magerit). It is located in Galicia.
This project is promoted by the Xunta de Galicia (regional government of Galicia) and the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). It was founded in 1993 to serve as a platform to foster scientific innovation and invest in Research and Development.
It is estimated that the base project will be completed in 2010. It is expected to reach the TOP10 of the most powerful supercomputers in the world when it reaches full capacity. The supercomputer is physically hosted at CESGA.Fontarón
Fontarón is a parish of the municipality of Becerreá, in Galicia, Spain.
According to the Instituto Galego de Estatística (IGE), in 2014, Fontarón had 51 inhabitants (27 men and 24 women), 13 less than it had in 2004 (33 men and 31 women), and 20 less than it had in 1999. According to the Nomenclátor of the Xunta de Galicia, it has nine entities of population.Near the middle of the 19th century, Fontarón was recorded as having 219 inhabitants.Galician Healthcare Service
The Galician Healthcare Service (Galician: Servizo Galego de Saúde, SERGAS) is the publicly funded healthcare system of Galicia, Spain.
Healthcare policy and funding is the responsibility of the Ministry of Health (Consellería de Saúde), a department of the Galician regional government of the Autonomous Community, the Xunta de Galicia. The current Minister for Health (Conselleira) is María Pilar Farjas Abadía.Institute of Agricultural Biodiversity and Rural Development
The Agricultural Biodiversity and Rural Development Institute - IBADER is a research university joint institute, created in 2001, with headquarters in the city of Lugo. This institution belongs to the University of Santiago de Compostela in its Campus from Lugo. Nowadays is formed by the University of Santiago de Compostela, Xunta de Galicia and Deputación Provincial de Lugo.LibrePlan
LibrePlan is a free software web application for project management, developed by the Fundación para o Fomento da Calidade Industrial e Desenvolvemento Tecnolóxico de Galicia, dependent of the Ministry of Industry of the Xunta de Galicia. It counted with the collaboration of ACLUNAGA  and the financing of the Ministry of Industry, tourism and Commerce and the regional Government of Galicia. The headquarters are located in A Coruña, Spain.
LibrePlan was formerly known as NavalPlan. It was created "to improve management of the production of the companies of the Galician naval auxiliary sector". LibrePlan is designed to respond to needs of these companies and organizational complexity and integration with production processes in the naval sector. However, it is of much more general applicability.
It is written in Java and licensed under Affero General Public License.List of Presidents of the Regional Government of Galicia
Under the Galician Statute of Autonomy, the President of the Regional Government of Galicia is the head of the government of the Spanish autonomous community of Galicia. Namely, he/she is the president of the executive body of the Galician government, the Xunta de Galicia.
As in other parliamentary democracies the President is actually appointed by the Parliament which is, on the other hand, directly voted in by the citizens.
The democratic period in Galicia starts in 1977 with the end of the Francoist dictatorship. Before that Galicia had last enjoyed self-government in the Middle Ages, in addition to a short period when the Xunta Suprema de Galicia was established during the Peninsular War (1808-1813).
Technically speaking, the first two presidents up to 1981 were presidents of a non-autonomous Galicia, since the actual Statute of Autonomy was only passed in April 1981. Nonetheless, they played an important role in setting up the institution.Los Suaves
Los Suaves is a Spanish hard rock band from Ourense, Galicia. The band was founded in the 1980s by the Domínguez brothers: Charly, bassist and Yosi Domínguez, vocalist.
The chance to record their first album, Esta vida me va a matar (This Life is going to kill me), appeared after being the support band of The Ramones in A Coruña, during one of the visits of this punk band to Europe. With this album important songs like "Peligrosa María" or "Viene el tren" were published. After eight years passed going unnoticed they achieved a real success with their third album Ese día piensa en mí (1989). This point marked the beginning of their most successful stage.
The band is considered to be one of the best live band of the country ever.
The band has received the "Medalla de Oro de Galicia" (Gold Medal of Galicia) award in the year 2016 from Xunta de Galicia.María Victoria Moreno
María Victoria Moreno Márquez (1 May 1939 – 22 November 2005) was a Spanish writer and teacher. She was one of the pioneers of literature for children and young people in Galician. The Day of Galician Literature was devoted to her on 17 May 2018.Oza dos Ríos
Oza dos Ríos was a municipality in the province of A Coruña in the autonomous community of Galicia in northwestern Spain. It belongs to the comarca of Betanzos. On June 6, 2013, the Xunta de Galicia government approved the decree the merger of the municipality with Cesuras, which created the Oza-Cesuras municipality.President of the Regional Government of Galicia
The President of the Regional Government of Galicia (Galician: Presidente da Xunta de Galicia, Spanish: Presidente de la Xunta de Galicia), is the head of government of Galicia. The president leads the executive branch of the regional government.
The current office is established under the Galician Statute of Autonomy. It is occupied by Alberto Núñez Feijóo.University of Santiago de Compostela
The University of Santiago de Compostela - USC (Galician: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela - USC, Spanish: Universidad de Santiago de Compostela - USC) is a public university located in the city of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain. A second campus is located in Lugo, Galicia. It is one of the world's oldest universities in continuous operation.
The university traces its roots back to 1495, when a school was opened in Santiago. In 1504, Pope Julius II approved the foundation of a university in Santiago but "the bull for its creation was not granted by Clement VII until 1526". In 1555 the institute began to separate itself from strictly religious instruction with the help of Cardinal Juan Álvarez de Toledo and started to work towards developing other academic fields, including the emerging science fields.
Today the university's facilities cover more than 130 hectares (320 acres). In terms of human resources, the university has more than 2,000 teachers involved in study and research, over 42,000 students, and more than 1,000 people working in administration and services. Moreover, in 2009, the University received the accreditation of Campus of International Excellence by the Ministry of Education, recognising USC as one of the most prestigious universities in Spain.
The university ranks 5th in Spain's best universities ranking by Complutense University of Madrid and IAIF and 4th amongst public universities.Xacobeo–Galicia
Xacobeo Galicia was a professional continental cycling team from Spain. It competed in the UCI Europe Tour and, when selected as a wild card, in UCI ProTour events. The creation of the team was announced on July 11, 2006 as Fundación Ciclismo Galego following the withdrawal of four of the nine Spanish professional cycling teams from the sport. Xacobeo Galicia was managed by Rodrigo Rodriguez, with assistance from directeur sportif Álvaro Pino, Jesús Blanco Villar and José Angel Vidal.
The team received wildcard invitations to the Vuelta a España in 2007 and 2008.
It disappeared in 2010 following the withdrawal of the Xunta de Galicia as sponsors.
Consellerías of the Xunta de Galicia