Xuanwu District (simplified Chinese: 玄武区; traditional Chinese: 玄武區; pinyin: Xuánwǔ Qū) is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China. Xuanwu District is an urban centre located in the north-eastern part of Nanjing. It is the site of the Nanjing Municipal Government.
Location in Jiangsu
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||81 km2 (31 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,800/km2 (20,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Nanjing district map||
Xuanwu has administrative jurisdiction over the following 7 subdistricts:
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Meiyuan Xincun Subdistrict||梅园新村街道||Méiyuán Xīncūn Jiēdào||107,395||6.35|
|Xinjiekou Subdistrict||新街口街道||Xīnjiēkǒu Jiēdào||93,906||2.6|
|Xuanwumen Subdistrict||玄武门街道||Xuánwǔmén Jiēdào||41,993||6|
|Suojincun Subdistrict||锁金村街道||Suǒjīncūn Jiēdào||76,063||6|
|Hongshan Subdistrict||红山街道||Hóngshān Jiēdào||88,217||6.9|
|Xiaolingwei Subdistrict||孝陵卫街道||Xiàolíngwèi Jiēdào||112,654||30|
|Xuanwuhu Subdistrict||玄武湖街道||Xuánwǔhú Jiēdào||69,739||11.6|
The main industries in the district are the leisure and tourism, information technology, retail and services. Its economy is primarily based upon the delivery of services. Industry zones include the Changjiang Road Cultural Area, Xinjiekou Central Economic Area, and Xuzhuang Software Industry Base. The district has attracted multi-national corporations, such as 3M, American Express, Siemens, Hyundai, Samsung, NYK Line, and Cathay Life Insurance.
There are more than 40 colleges, universities and research institutes in the district, including Southeast University, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing Forestry University and Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences. There are about 35 academics from the Chinese Academy of Engineering and Chinese Academy of Sciences there, which represents about 50% of the academics from those academies in Jiangsu Province.
Transportation within the district includes Line 1 and Line 2 of the Nanjing Metro have stations within the district. Other sources of transportation 20 or more minutes from the district are the Nanjing Railway Station, Shanghai-Nanjing Railway and Nanjing Lukou Airport.
The scenic Xuanwu District is also known for its tourists attractions like the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, Xuanwu Lake and the Hongwu Emperor's Mausoleum, which is listed one of the Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties that are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The district has more than 58 percent green cover.
Adjacent to Xuanwu Lake is the Nanjing International Exhibition Center.