Xiong'an

Xiong'an New Area (simplified Chinese: 雄安新区; traditional Chinese: 雄安新區; pinyin: Xióng'ān Xīnqū) is a state-level new area in the Baoding area of Hebei, China.[2] Established in April 2017, the area is located about 100 km southwest of Beijing and 50 km east of downtown Baoding. Its main function is to serve as a development hub for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (Jingjinji) economic triangle. Additionally, "non-core" functions of the Chinese capital are expected to migrate here, including offices of some state-owned enterprises, government agencies, and research and development facilities.

The area covers the counties of Xiong, Rongcheng and Anxin. Its name is a compound of the first elements of the names of two of them: Xiong and Anxin.[3] The construction of the area is described as part of the "millennium strategy" (千年大计). Unlike other "new areas", Xiong'an's development is taking place under the direct oversight of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council.[4] The temporary government office of the New Area is located in Ao Wei International Hotel (Ao Wei Mansion) in Rongcheng.[5]

Xiong'an

雄安新区
Xiong'an New Area
Aowei Mansion: the temporary office for Xiong'an Preparatory Committee
Aowei Mansion: the temporary office for Xiong'an Preparatory Committee
Location of Xiong'an New Area in Hebei
Location of Xiong'an New Area in Hebei
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Prefecture-level cityBaoding
District Gov't Established1 April 2017
Government
 • Interim Party SecretaryChen Gang[1]
Area
 • Total100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Websiteenglish.xiongan.gov.cn

History

Alibaba Group provisional office at Xiong'an (20180503164635)
Alibaba Group's provisional office at Xiong'an

China's central government was considering to relocate a number of Beijing's administrative and back-office functions to Baoding, as Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, told US former Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson personally in July 2014, and said this idea was his "own personal initiative", according to Paulson's memoir Dealing with China.[6]

The name and the location of the New Area was confirmed on a meeting of Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China on March 24, 2016.[7]

The announcement of the New Area. was released to public out of the blue on the afternoon of April 1, 2017. The information was so confidential that local government didn't know it in advance.[8] Xi Jinping's visiting accompanied by Xu Kuangdi, former leader of Pudong New District, to Anxin on February 23, 2017 was revealed for the first time by news program Xinwen Lianbo on that night.[9]

Geography

白洋淀景区的晚霞
Baiyang Lake in the center of Xiong'an

It has an initial phase development area of 100 km2, composed of 60 villages in Rongcheng and Anxin.[10] The New Area would plan to be eventually expanded to 2000 km2 in the future.[11]

Baiyang Lake, northern China's largest freshwater wetland, is also included within the new area.

Administrative divisions

Xiong'an New Area consists of 3 counties:

Map
Division code[12] English name Simp. Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[13] Seat Postal code Divisions[14]
Towns Townships Residential communities Villages
  Xiong'an New Area 雄安新区 Xióng'ān Xīnqū 106.46 Rongcheng County 20 9 16 557
130629 Rongcheng County 容城县 Róngchéng Xiàn 311 Rongcheng (容城镇) 071700 5 3 4 127
130632 Anxin County 安新县 Ānxīn Xiàn 728 Anxin (安新镇) 071600 9 3 5 207
130638 Xiong County 雄县 Xióng Xiàn 513 Xiongzhou (雄州镇) 071800 6 3 7 223

Transportation

Railway

Baigou railway station and Baiyangdian railway station, on Tianjin–Baoding intercity railway, are within reach.

Xiong'an railway station, on the Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway, will open in 2020.[15]

Airport

It will be served by the newly constructed Beijing Daxing International Airport.

Expressway

It is currently served by two expressways, G45 and G18.

Real estate

A flood of footloose capital, much of it from Beijing, has been searching for properties in Xiong'an to invest, causing real estate price in this area to skyrocket rapidly since the announcement of the New Area. Local government has since imposed a temporary ban on new property sales.[16] [17] The model of real estate development in the New Area may use public housing in Singapore for reference, according to a senior officer's interview on People's Daily in April 5, 2017.[18]

References

  1. ^ 成立两个月 雄安新区临时党委书记换将. caixin.com. 2017-06-03.
  2. ^ 受权发布:中共中央、国务院决定设立河北雄安新区 (in Chinese). Xinhuanet. 1 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  3. ^ 权威专家谈雄安新区:本质上就是国家副都. Ifeng Finance. Southern Weekly. 2017-04-04.
  4. ^ China to create Xiongan New Area in Hebei, Xinhua, 2017-04-01
  5. ^ 雄安不眠夜:容城奥威大厦灯火通明. thepaper.cn. 2017-04-03.
  6. ^ 2014年7月,大大的雄安设想。书中真有黄金,屋!. xueqiu.com.
  7. ^ 详解雄安新区决策、选址经过. caixin.com. Xinhua. 2017-04-13.
  8. ^ 雄安新区成立前保密严格 筹委会官员昨“一对一”调研重点小镇. National Business Daily. 2017-04-03.
  9. ^ 推迟披露的行程,与这则重磅新闻相关. Beijing Youth Daily.
  10. ^ 雄安新区起步区为容城安新两县60村,彻底管死不增一砖一瓦. thepaper.cn. 2017-04-13. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  11. ^ China to build massive city southwest of Beijing, Nikkei Asian Review, 2017-04-03.
  12. ^ 国家统计局统计用区划代码 Archived 2012-04-07 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ 《保定经济统计年鉴2011》
  14. ^ 《中国民政统计年鉴2012》
  15. ^ "京雄城际铁路全线开工 新机场至雄安段2020年底投用". Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  16. ^ 雄安新区“抢房”亲历记:24小时内的冰火两重天, 2017-04-02, 大公网
  17. ^ China freezes property sales in new economic zone in Hebei, Reuters
  18. ^ 雄安新区或借鉴新加坡模式. China Youth Daily. 2017-04-12.

External links

Anxin County

Anxin (Chinese: 安新; pinyin: Ānxīn) is a county in central Hebei province, China. It is under the jurisdiction of Baoding City, the centre of which lies about 40 km (25 mi) to the west, and as of 2006, it has a population of 420,000 residing in an area of 726 km2 (280 sq mi). Most of Baiyang Lake is located in the county.

Anxin forms part of the Xiong'an New Area designated by the government in 2017.

Anzhou, Hebei

Anzhou (Chinese: 安州; pinyin: Ānzhōu) is a town in Anxin County, Hebei, China. It is not far from Lake Baiyangdian. Now it belongs to Xiong'an New Area.

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Baiyang Lake

Baiyang Lake, also known as Lake Baiyangdian, is located in the Xiong'an New Area of Baoding, a prefecture-level city in Hebei Province, China. It is the largest freshwater lake in northern China. It is referred to as the Kidney of North China.

Baoding

Baoding (Chinese: 保定; pinyin: Bǎodìng) is a prefecture-level city in central Hebei province, approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of Beijing. At the 2010 census, Baoding City had 11,194,372 inhabitants out of which 2,176,857 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban districts and Qingyuan and Mancheng counties largely being conurbated, on 1,840 km2 (710 sq mi). Baoding is among 13 Chinese cities with a population of over 10 million, ranking seventh.

Beijing Daxing International Airport

Beijing Daxing International Airport (Chinese: 北京大兴国际机场; pinyin: Běijīng Dàxīng Guójì Jīchǎng) (IATA: PKX; ICAO: ZBAD), located on the border of Beijing and Langfang, Hebei Province, is Beijing's second international airport and is currently under construction. The name of the airport was announced on September 14, 2018. The terminal building, the largest single-building airport terminal with 100 million square meters, is expected to be completed on July 15, 2019, and the airport is expected to be open on September 30, 2019. Upon completion, it will serve as a major international hub airport in Northern China. There will be 4 runways, and approximately 80 parking bays, most of which can be configured to handle either one twin-aisle or two single-aisle aircraft. The new airport is expecting a total of 7 runways and another terminal to the south of the current one in the future, in order to accommodate 620,000 flights and 100 million passengers each year.The airport is 46 kilometers south of Tian'anmen Square, 26 kilometers west of downtown Langfang City, 50 kilometers northeast of Xiong'an New Area, and 65 kilometers from the existing Beijing Capital International Airport, and is expected to serve Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei. It will serve as a hub for SkyTeam alliance airlines, while Star Alliance members will stay at the existing Beijing Capital International Airport. Hainan Airlines, which accounted for 10% of Beijing Capital International's passenger seat capacity in 2016, but is not part of any major alliance, will stay at the existing capital airport.Upon the opening of the new airport, Beijing Nanyuan Airport (currently solely served by China United Airlines) will be closed.

Beijing–Hong Kong (Taipei) passageway

The Beijing–Hong Kong (Taipei) passageway is a proposed high-speed railway passage in Greater China. It will run in a north–south direction from Beijing to Hong Kong, with a branch leading from Hefei to end at Taipei across the Taiwan Strait. It will connect the cities of Beijing, Xiong'an, Fuyang, Hefei, Jiujiang, Nanchang, Ganzhou, Shenzhen and Hong Kong on the main line, as well as Fuzhou and Taipei on the branch line.

The line was announced by the Chinese government in 2016 as part of the national "eight vertical and eight horizontal" high-speed railway network.

Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway

The Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway (Chinese: 京雄城际铁路; pinyin: Jīng-Xióng chéngjì tiělù) is an intercity railway operated by China Railway High-speed, that will connect Beijing and Xiong'an.

The section from Beijing to the new Beijing Daxing International Airport is expected to open in September 2019, and the airport to Xiong'an section in late 2020.

Chen Gang

Chen Gang may refer to:

Chen Gang (intelligence officer) (1906–1967), early Communist intelligence officer

Chen Gang (composer) (born 1935), famous for the Butterfly Lovers' Violin Concerto

Chen Gang (born 1965), politician, party chief of Xiong'an New Area, Hebei

Chen Gang (born 1966), former politician, Vice Mayor of Beijing

Chen Gang (actor), Chinese film actor (Old Stone)

Chen Gang (footballer) (born 1972), Qingdao Hainiu F.C. player

Chen Gang (badminton) (born 1976), Chinese badminton player

Chen Gang (1977–2011), lecturer who killed himself upon learning he did not win an election for a college Communist Youth League secretary position, see Suicide of Chen Gang

Gang Chen (engineer), dean of department of mechanical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chen Gang (born 1965)

Chen Gang (Chinese: 陈刚; born April 1965) is a Chinese politician currently serving as the Communist Party Secretary of the Xiong'an New Area, Vice Governor of Hebei, and a member of the Hebei provincial party standing committee. He spent much of his career in Beijing, before being transferred to Guizhou as party chief of Guiyang.

Fuxing Road, Beijing

Fuxing Road (simplified Chinese: 复兴路; traditional Chinese: 復興路; pinyin: Fùxīng Lù) is a road in western Beijing, China, forming part of the extended Chang'an Avenue.

The entire road lies within the confines of Haidian District. It is believed to run from Gongzhufen on the West 3rd Ring Road through to the West 5th Ring Road; however, maps indicate its path from Muxidi Bridge (just before the West 3rd Ring Road) to Yuquanlu (just after the West 4th Ring Road).

The Wukesong Indoor Stadium, a venue for the 2008 Summer Olympics, runs alongside the road. The venue has since then been renamed the "MasterCard Center". To the west of Fuxing Road is Shijingshan Road, while to the east of Fuxing Road is Fuxingmen Outer Street. Line 1 of the Beijing subway runs along the route.

Huizhou, Anhui

Huīzhōu (Chinese: 徽州) now is a district (Huizhou District, Chinese: 徽州区) in southeastern China, located in Huangshan City – the southernmost region of Anhui Province. Before the 1987 administrative division adjustment, Huizhou was a region corresponding to Huangshan city and Jixi County of Anhui Province, plus Wuyuan County in northeastern Jiangxi Province. Anhui, the name of the province, is a portmanteau word combining the first characters of Anqing and Huizhou.

Jianguomen Inner Street

Jianguomen Inner Street (simplified Chinese: 建国门内大街; traditional Chinese: 建國門內大街; pinyin: Jiànguómén Nèi Dàjiē) is a major street in urban Beijing. It forms part of the extended Chang'an Avenue.

Its path begins after the Dongdan intersection heading east until Jianguomen Bridge.

During its short run, it crosses with the intersection to the Beijing Railway Station.

The Beijing International Hotel also lies along its track, as does a main postal office and the building of China customs.

The street ends near the Beijing Ancient Observatory.

Line 1 of the Beijing subway runs along the route.

Jianguomen Nei Street Link - Beijing Ming Dynasty Observatory Virtual Tour

Jingjinji

The Jingjinji Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ), also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BJ-TJ-HE), is the national capital region of the People's Republic of China. It is the biggest urbanized megalopolis region in Northern China. It includes an economic region surrounding the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, along the coast of the Bohai Sea. This emerging region is rising as a northern metropolitan region rivaling the Pearl River Delta in the south and the Yangtze River Delta in the east. In 2016 Jingjinji had total population of 112 million people and was as populated as Guangdong.

Megalopolises in China

In China, a city cluster (城市群) is an officially defined type of megalopolis, whereby government policy is to knit the area together more tightly and promote development through transportation and communication links. The policy began in 2005 with the province of Hunan promoting Chang-Zhu-Tan city cluster (长株潭城市群) as the example. The Economist Intelligence Unit in 2012 identified 13 megalopolises: Chang-Zhu-Tan (Greater Changsha), Chengdu, Chongqing, Greater Beijing i.e. Jingjinji, Greater Shanghai (incl. Suzhou), Greater Xi'an, Greater Zhengzhou, Greater Guangzhou, Hefei economic circle (incl. Lu'an, Huainan, Chaohu), Shandong peninsula, Greater Shenyang, Shenzhen and Wuhan. Up to 2018, there are nine officially approved megalopolises in China. In 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission stated that plans for six city clusters had been completed in 2016, five in 2017, with eight more forthcoming for a total of 19 city cluster plans by 2020. The new city clusters identified in 2017 were Lanzhou-Xining, Hohhot-Baotou-Ordos-Yulin, Guanzhong Plain, Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.

Rongcheng County

Rongcheng (Chinese: 容城; pinyin: Róngchéng) is a county in central Hebei province, China. It is under the jurisdiction of Baoding prefecture-level city. The area of the county is 311 km2 (120 sq mi), while the county seat is located in Rongcheng Town.

Xiong County

Xiong County or Xiongxian (simplified Chinese: 雄县; traditional Chinese: 雄縣; pinyin: Xióng Xiàn) is a county in the central part of Hebei province, China. It is the easternmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Baoding.

It is part of the Xiong'an New Area designated by national government in April 2017.

Xu Qin

Xu Qin (Chinese: 许勤; born October 1961) is a Chinese politician, and the current Governor of Hebei. Previously he had served as mayor, then party chief of Shenzhen, China's most prominent special economic zone.

Zhengzhou–Wanzhou high-speed railway

Zhengzhou–Wanzhou high-speed railway (Chinese: 郑万高速铁路) is an under-construction high-speed railway connecting Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan province, and Wanzhou District in Chongqing.

The railway was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission in 2014. Construction began in 2016, and the railway is estimated to be operational in 2022.

Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway

Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway (Chinese: 郑机城际铁路) is a regional higher-speed railway in Zhengzhou, Henan, China. The railway provides Zhengzhou city center fast train connections with Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport. It is a component of the larger Central Plain Metropolitan Intercity Rail network. With the opening of the railway, it takes only 19 mins from Zhengzhou East railway station to Xinzheng Airport.

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