Xiong'an

Xiong'an New Area (simplified Chinese: 雄安新区; traditional Chinese: 雄安新區; pinyin: Xióng'ān Xīnqū) is a state-level new area in the Baoding area of Hebei, China.[2] Established in April 2017, the area is located about 100 km southwest of Beijing. Its main function is to serve as a development hub for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (Jingjinji) economic triangle. Additionally, "non-core" functions of the Chinese capital are expected to migrate here, including offices of some state-owned enterprises, government agencies, and research and development facilities.

The area covers the contemporary counties of Xiong, Rongcheng and Anxin. Its name is a compound of the first elements of the names of the two counties: Xiong and Anxin.[3] The construction of the area is described as part of the "millennium strategy" (千年大计). Unlike other "new areas", Xiong'an's development takes place under the direct oversight of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council.[4] The temporary government office of the New Area is located in Ao Wei International Hotel (Ao Wei Mansion) in Rongcheng.[5]

Xiong'an

雄安新区
Xiong'an New Area
Aowei Mansion: the temporary office for Xiong'an Preparatory Committee
Aowei Mansion: the temporary office for Xiong'an Preparatory Committee
Location of Xiong'an New Area in Hebei
Location of Xiong'an New Area in Hebei
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Prefecture-level cityBaoding
District Gov't Established1 April 2017
Government
 • Interim Party SecretaryChen Gang[1]
Area
 • Total100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Websiteenglish.xiongan.gov.cn

History

Alibaba Group provisional office at Xiong'an (20180503164635)
Alibaba Group's provisional office at Xiong'an

China's central government was considering to relocate a number of Beijing's administrative and back-office functions to Baoding, as Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, told US former Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson personally in July 2014, and said this idea was his "own personal initiative", according to Paulson's memoir Dealing with China.[6]

The name and the location of the New Area was confirmed on a meeting of Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China on March 24, 2016.[7]

The announcement of the New Area. was released to public out of the blue on the afternoon of April 1, 2017. The information was so confidential that local government didn't know it in advance.[8] Xi Jinping's visiting accompanied by Xu Kuangdi, former leader of Pudong New District, to Anxin on February 23, 2017 was revealed for the first time by news program Xinwen Lianbo on that night.[9]

Geography

白洋淀景区的晚霞
Baiyang Lake in the center of Xiong'an

It has an initial phase development area of 100 km2, composed of 60 villages in Rongcheng and Anxin.[10] The New Area would plan to be eventually expanded to 2000 km2 in the future.[11]

Baiyang Lake, northern China's largest freshwater wetland, is also included within the new area.

Administrative divisions

Xiong'an New Area consists of 3 counties:

Map
Division code[12] English name Simp. Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[13] Seat Postal code Divisions[14]
Towns Townships Residential communities Villages
  Xiong'an New Area 雄安新区 Xióng'ān Xīnqū 106.46 Rongcheng County 20 9 16 557
130629 Rongcheng County 容城县 Róngchéng Xiàn 311 Rongcheng (容城镇) 071700 5 3 4 127
130632 Anxin County 安新县 Ānxīn Xiàn 728 Anxin (安新镇) 071600 9 3 5 207
130638 Xiong County 雄县 Xióng Xiàn 513 Xiongzhou (雄州镇) 071800 6 3 7 223

Transportation

It is currently served by two expressways, G45 and G18. Baiyangdian station of Tianjin–Baoding intercity railway is also within reach. It will be served by the newly constructed Beijing Daxing International Airport.

Real estate

A flood of footloose capital, much of it from Beijing, has been searching for properties in Xiong'an to invest, causing real estate price in this area to skyrocket rapidly since the announcement of the New Area. Local government has since imposed a temporary ban on new property sales.[15] [16] The model of real estate development in the New Area may use public housing in Singapore for reference, according to a senior officer's interview on People's Daily in April 5, 2017.[17]

References

  1. ^ 成立两个月 雄安新区临时党委书记换将. caixin.com. 2017-06-03.
  2. ^ 受权发布:中共中央、国务院决定设立河北雄安新区 (in Chinese). Xinhuanet. 1 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  3. ^ 权威专家谈雄安新区:本质上就是国家副都. Ifeng Finance. Southern Weekly. 2017-04-04.
  4. ^ China to create Xiongan New Area in Hebei, Xinhua, 2017-04-01
  5. ^ 雄安不眠夜:容城奥威大厦灯火通明. thepaper.cn. 2017-04-03.
  6. ^ 2014年7月,大大的雄安设想。书中真有黄金,屋!. xueqiu.com.
  7. ^ 详解雄安新区决策、选址经过. caixin.com. Xinhua. 2017-04-13.
  8. ^ 雄安新区成立前保密严格 筹委会官员昨“一对一”调研重点小镇. National Business Daily. 2017-04-03.
  9. ^ 推迟披露的行程,与这则重磅新闻相关. Beijing Youth Daily.
  10. ^ 雄安新区起步区为容城安新两县60村,彻底管死不增一砖一瓦. thepaper.cn. 2017-04-13. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  11. ^ China to build massive city southwest of Beijing, Nikkei Asian Review, 2017-04-03.
  12. ^ 国家统计局统计用区划代码 Archived 2012-04-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ 《保定经济统计年鉴2011》
  14. ^ 《中国民政统计年鉴2012》
  15. ^ 雄安新区“抢房”亲历记:24小时内的冰火两重天, 2017-04-02, 大公网
  16. ^ China freezes property sales in new economic zone in Hebei, Reuters
  17. ^ 雄安新区或借鉴新加坡模式. China Youth Daily. 2017-04-12.

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