Xiong'an New Area (simplified Chinese: 雄安新区; traditional Chinese: 雄安新區; pinyin: Xióng'ān Xīnqū) is a state-level new area in the Baoding area of Hebei, China. Established in April 2017, the area is located about 100 km southwest of Beijing and 50 km east of downtown Baoding. Its main function is to serve as a development hub for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (Jingjinji) economic triangle. Additionally, "non-core" functions of the Chinese capital are expected to migrate here, including offices of some state-owned enterprises, government agencies, and research and development facilities.
The area covers the counties of Xiong, Rongcheng and Anxin. Its name is a compound of the first elements of the names of two of them: Xiong and Anxin. The construction of the area is described as part of the "millennium strategy" (千年大计). Unlike other "new areas", Xiong'an's development is taking place under the direct oversight of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council. The temporary government office of the New Area is located in Ao Wei International Hotel (Ao Wei Mansion) in Rongcheng.
|Xiong'an New Area|
Aowei Mansion: the temporary office for Xiong'an Preparatory Committee
Location of Xiong'an New Area in Hebei
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|District Gov't Established||1 April 2017|
|• Interim Party Secretary||Chen Gang|
|• Total||100 km2 (40 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard Time)|
China's central government was considering to relocate a number of Beijing's administrative and back-office functions to Baoding, as Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, told US former Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson personally in July 2014, and said this idea was his "own personal initiative", according to Paulson's memoir Dealing with China.
The name and the location of the New Area was confirmed on a meeting of Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China on March 24, 2016.
The announcement of the New Area. was released to public out of the blue on the afternoon of April 1, 2017. The information was so confidential that local government didn't know it in advance. Xi Jinping's visiting accompanied by Xu Kuangdi, former leader of Pudong New District, to Anxin on February 23, 2017 was revealed for the first time by news program Xinwen Lianbo on that night.
Baiyang Lake, northern China's largest freshwater wetland, is also included within the new area.
Xiong'an New Area consists of 3 counties:
|Division code||English name||Simp. Chinese||Pinyin||Area in km2||Seat||Postal code||Divisions|
|Xiong'an New Area||雄安新区||Xióng'ān Xīnqū||106.46||Rongcheng County||20||9||16||557|
|130629||Rongcheng County||容城县||Róngchéng Xiàn||311||Rongcheng (容城镇)||071700||5||3||4||127|
|130632||Anxin County||安新县||Ānxīn Xiàn||728||Anxin (安新镇)||071600||9||3||5||207|
|130638||Xiong County||雄县||Xióng Xiàn||513||Xiongzhou (雄州镇)||071800||6||3||7||223|
It will be served by the newly constructed Beijing Daxing International Airport.
A flood of footloose capital, much of it from Beijing, has been searching for properties in Xiong'an to invest, causing real estate price in this area to skyrocket rapidly since the announcement of the New Area. Local government has since imposed a temporary ban on new property sales.  The model of real estate development in the New Area may use public housing in Singapore for reference, according to a senior officer's interview on People's Daily in April 5, 2017.
Anxin (Chinese: 安新; pinyin: Ānxīn) is a county in central Hebei province, China. It is under the jurisdiction of Baoding City, the centre of which lies about 40 km (25 mi) to the west, and as of 2006, it has a population of 420,000 residing in an area of 726 km2 (280 sq mi). Most of Baiyang Lake is located in the county.
Anxin forms part of the Xiong'an New Area designated by the government in 2017.Anzhou, Hebei
Anzhou (Chinese: 安州; pinyin: Ānzhōu) is a town in Anxin County, Hebei, China. It is not far from Lake Baiyangdian. Now it belongs to Xiong'an New Area.
Baiyang Lake, also known as Lake Baiyangdian, is located in the Xiong'an New Area of Baoding, a prefecture-level city in Hebei Province, China. It is the largest freshwater lake in northern China. It is referred to as the Kidney of North China.Baoding
Baoding (Chinese: 保定; pinyin: Bǎodìng) is a prefecture-level city in central Hebei province, approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of Beijing. At the 2010 census, Baoding City had 11,194,372 inhabitants out of which 2,176,857 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban districts and Qingyuan and Mancheng counties largely being conurbated, on 1,840 km2 (710 sq mi). Baoding is among 13 Chinese cities with a population of over 10 million, ranking seventh.Beijing Daxing International Airport
Beijing Daxing International Airport (Chinese: 北京大兴国际机场; pinyin: Běijīng Dàxīng Guójì Jīchǎng) (IATA: PKX; ICAO: ZBAD), located on the border of Beijing and Langfang, Hebei Province, is Beijing's second international airport and is currently under construction. The name of the airport was announced on September 14, 2018. The terminal building, the largest single-building airport terminal with 100 million square meters, is expected to be completed on July 15, 2019, and the airport is expected to be open on September 30, 2019. Upon completion, it will serve as a major international hub airport in Northern China. There will be 4 runways, and approximately 80 parking bays, most of which can be configured to handle either one twin-aisle or two single-aisle aircraft. The new airport is expecting a total of 7 runways and another terminal to the south of the current one in the future, in order to accommodate 620,000 flights and 100 million passengers each year.The airport is 46 kilometers south of Tian'anmen Square, 26 kilometers west of downtown Langfang City, 50 kilometers northeast of Xiong'an New Area, and 65 kilometers from the existing Beijing Capital International Airport, and is expected to serve Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei. It will serve as a hub for SkyTeam alliance airlines, while Star Alliance members will stay at the existing Beijing Capital International Airport. Hainan Airlines, which accounted for 10% of Beijing Capital International's passenger seat capacity in 2016, but is not part of any major alliance, will stay at the existing capital airport.Upon the opening of the new airport, Beijing Nanyuan Airport (currently solely served by China United Airlines) will be closed.Beijing–Hong Kong (Taipei) passageway
The Beijing–Hong Kong (Taipei) passageway is a proposed high-speed railway passage in Greater China. It will run in a north–south direction from Beijing to Hong Kong, with a branch leading from Hefei to end at Taipei across the Taiwan Strait. It will connect the cities of Beijing, Xiong'an, Fuyang, Hefei, Jiujiang, Nanchang, Ganzhou, Shenzhen and Hong Kong on the main line, as well as Fuzhou and Taipei on the branch line.
The line was announced by the Chinese government in 2016 as part of the national "eight vertical and eight horizontal" high-speed railway network.Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway
The Beijing–Xiong'an intercity railway (Chinese: 京雄城际铁路; pinyin: Jīng-Xióng chéngjì tiělù) is an intercity railway operated by China Railway High-speed, that will connect Beijing and Xiong'an.
The section from Beijing to the new Beijing Daxing International Airport is expected to open in September 2019, and the airport to Xiong'an section in late 2020.Chen Gang
Chen Gang may refer to:
Chen Gang (intelligence officer) (1906–1967), early Communist intelligence officer
Chen Gang (composer) (born 1935), famous for the Butterfly Lovers' Violin Concerto
Chen Gang (born 1965), politician, party chief of Xiong'an New Area, Hebei
Chen Gang (born 1966), former politician, Vice Mayor of Beijing
Chen Gang (actor), Chinese film actor (Old Stone)
Chen Gang (footballer) (born 1972), Qingdao Hainiu F.C. player
Chen Gang (badminton) (born 1976), Chinese badminton player
Chen Gang (1977–2011), lecturer who killed himself upon learning he did not win an election for a college Communist Youth League secretary position, see Suicide of Chen Gang
Gang Chen (engineer), dean of department of mechanical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyChen Gang (born 1965)
Chen Gang (Chinese: 陈刚; born April 1965) is a Chinese politician currently serving as the Communist Party Secretary of the Xiong'an New Area, Vice Governor of Hebei, and a member of the Hebei provincial party standing committee. He spent much of his career in Beijing, before being transferred to Guizhou as party chief of Guiyang.Fuxing Road, Beijing
Fuxing Road (simplified Chinese: 复兴路; traditional Chinese: 復興路; pinyin: Fùxīng Lù) is a road in western Beijing, China, forming part of the extended Chang'an Avenue.
The entire road lies within the confines of Haidian District. It is believed to run from Gongzhufen on the West 3rd Ring Road through to the West 5th Ring Road; however, maps indicate its path from Muxidi Bridge (just before the West 3rd Ring Road) to Yuquanlu (just after the West 4th Ring Road).
The Wukesong Indoor Stadium, a venue for the 2008 Summer Olympics, runs alongside the road. The venue has since then been renamed the "MasterCard Center". To the west of Fuxing Road is Shijingshan Road, while to the east of Fuxing Road is Fuxingmen Outer Street. Line 1 of the Beijing subway runs along the route.Huizhou, Anhui
Huīzhōu (Chinese: 徽州) now is a district (Huizhou District, Chinese: 徽州区) in southeastern China, located in Huangshan City – the southernmost region of Anhui Province. Before the 1987 administrative division adjustment, Huizhou was a region corresponding to Huangshan city and Jixi County of Anhui Province, plus Wuyuan County in northeastern Jiangxi Province. Anhui, the name of the province, is a portmanteau word combining the first characters of Anqing and Huizhou.Jianguomen Inner Street
Jianguomen Inner Street (simplified Chinese: 建国门内大街; traditional Chinese: 建國門內大街; pinyin: Jiànguómén Nèi Dàjiē) is a major street in urban Beijing. It forms part of the extended Chang'an Avenue.
Its path begins after the Dongdan intersection heading east until Jianguomen Bridge.
During its short run, it crosses with the intersection to the Beijing Railway Station.
The Beijing International Hotel also lies along its track, as does a main postal office and the building of China customs.
The street ends near the Beijing Ancient Observatory.
Line 1 of the Beijing subway runs along the route.
Jianguomen Nei Street Link - Beijing Ming Dynasty Observatory Virtual TourJingjinji
The Jingjinji Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ), also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BJ-TJ-HE), is the national capital region of the People's Republic of China. It is the biggest urbanized megalopolis region in Northern China. It includes an economic region surrounding the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, along the coast of the Bohai Sea. This emerging region is rising as a northern metropolitan region rivaling the Pearl River Delta in the south and the Yangtze River Delta in the east. In 2016 Jingjinji had total population of 112 million people and was as populated as Guangdong.Megalopolises in China
In China, a city cluster (城市群) is an officially defined type of megalopolis, whereby government policy is to knit the area together more tightly and promote development through transportation and communication links. The policy began in 2005 with the province of Hunan promoting Chang-Zhu-Tan city cluster (长株潭城市群) as the example. The Economist Intelligence Unit in 2012 identified 13 megalopolises: Chang-Zhu-Tan (Greater Changsha), Chengdu, Chongqing, Greater Beijing i.e. Jingjinji, Greater Shanghai (incl. Suzhou), Greater Xi'an, Greater Zhengzhou, Greater Guangzhou, Hefei economic circle (incl. Lu'an, Huainan, Chaohu), Shandong peninsula, Greater Shenyang, Shenzhen and Wuhan. Up to 2018, there are nine officially approved megalopolises in China. In 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission stated that plans for six city clusters had been completed in 2016, five in 2017, with eight more forthcoming for a total of 19 city cluster plans by 2020. The new city clusters identified in 2017 were Lanzhou-Xining, Hohhot-Baotou-Ordos-Yulin, Guanzhong Plain, Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.Rongcheng County
Rongcheng (Chinese: 容城; pinyin: Róngchéng) is a county in central Hebei province, China. It is under the jurisdiction of Baoding prefecture-level city. The area of the county is 311 km2 (120 sq mi), while the county seat is located in Rongcheng Town.Xiong County
Xiong County or Xiongxian (simplified Chinese: 雄县; traditional Chinese: 雄縣; pinyin: Xióng Xiàn) is a county in the central part of Hebei province, China. It is the easternmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Baoding.
It is part of the Xiong'an New Area designated by national government in April 2017.Xu Qin
Xu Qin (Chinese: 许勤; born October 1961) is a Chinese politician, and the current Governor of Hebei. Previously he had served as mayor, then party chief of Shenzhen, China's most prominent special economic zone.Zhengzhou–Wanzhou high-speed railway
Zhengzhou–Wanzhou high-speed railway (Chinese: 郑万高速铁路) is an under-construction high-speed railway connecting Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan province, and Wanzhou District in Chongqing.
The railway was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission in 2014. Construction began in 2016, and the railway is estimated to be operational in 2022.Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway
Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway (Chinese: 郑机城际铁路) is a regional higher-speed railway in Zhengzhou, Henan, China. The railway provides Zhengzhou city center fast train connections with Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport. It is a component of the larger Central Plain Metropolitan Intercity Rail network. With the opening of the railway, it takes only 19 mins from Zhengzhou East railway station to Xinzheng Airport.