Xiong'an New Area (simplified Chinese: 雄安新区; traditional Chinese: 雄安新區; pinyin: Xióng'ān Xīnqū) is a state-level new area in the Baoding area of Hebei, China. Established in April 2017, the area is located about 100 km southwest of Beijing. Its main function is to serve as a development hub for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (Jingjinji) economic triangle. Additionally, "non-core" functions of the Chinese capital are expected to migrate here, including offices of some state-owned enterprises, government agencies, and research and development facilities.
The area covers the contemporary counties of Xiong, Rongcheng and Anxin. Its name is a compound of the first elements of the names of the two counties: Xiong and Anxin. The construction of the area is described as part of the "millennium strategy" (千年大计). Unlike other "new areas", Xiong'an's development takes place under the direct oversight of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council. The temporary government office of the New Area is located in Ao Wei International Hotel (Ao Wei Mansion) in Rongcheng.
|Xiong'an New Area|
Aowei Mansion: the temporary office for Xiong'an Preparatory Committee
Location of Xiong'an New Area in Hebei
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|District Gov't Established||1 April 2017|
|• Interim Party Secretary||Chen Gang|
|• Total||100 km2 (40 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard Time)|
China's central government was considering to relocate a number of Beijing's administrative and back-office functions to Baoding, as Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, told US former Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson personally in July 2014, and said this idea was his "own personal initiative", according to Paulson's memoir Dealing with China.
The name and the location of the New Area was confirmed on a meeting of Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China on March 24, 2016.
The announcement of the New Area. was released to public out of the blue on the afternoon of April 1, 2017. The information was so confidential that local government didn't know it in advance. Xi Jinping's visiting accompanied by Xu Kuangdi, former leader of Pudong New District, to Anxin on February 23, 2017 was revealed for the first time by news program Xinwen Lianbo on that night.
Baiyang Lake, northern China's largest freshwater wetland, is also included within the new area.
Xiong'an New Area consists of 3 counties:
|Division code||English name||Simp. Chinese||Pinyin||Area in km2||Seat||Postal code||Divisions|
|Xiong'an New Area||雄安新区||Xióng'ān Xīnqū||106.46||Rongcheng County||20||9||16||557|
|130629||Rongcheng County||容城县||Róngchéng Xiàn||311||Rongcheng (容城镇)||071700||5||3||4||127|
|130632||Anxin County||安新县||Ānxīn Xiàn||728||Anxin (安新镇)||071600||9||3||5||207|
|130638||Xiong County||雄县||Xióng Xiàn||513||Xiongzhou (雄州镇)||071800||6||3||7||223|
It is currently served by two expressways, G45 and G18. Baiyangdian station of Tianjin–Baoding intercity railway is also within reach. It will be served by the newly constructed Beijing Daxing International Airport.
A flood of footloose capital, much of it from Beijing, has been searching for properties in Xiong'an to invest, causing real estate price in this area to skyrocket rapidly since the announcement of the New Area. Local government has since imposed a temporary ban on new property sales.  The model of real estate development in the New Area may use public housing in Singapore for reference, according to a senior officer's interview on People's Daily in April 5, 2017.