Wuxi (Chinese: 无锡) is a city in southern Jiangsu province, China. The city borders two other large cities, Changzhou to the west and Suzhou to the east, and borders Zhejiang Province as well in the south. It also covers a coastline of the Yangtze River in the north and two separate coasts of Lake Tai; for this, it has been called the "Pearl of Lake Tai" (太湖明珠). Wuxi is noted for its modern industry and commerce, along with its resorts around Lake Tai. Notable locations within Wuxi include Jichang Garden and Yuantouzhu.
Wuxi is a famous historical and cultural city of China, with neighbouring Suzhou having once been the capital of Wu. It has been a land of fish and rice since ancient times. It was also one of the first batch of tourist destinations evaluated by the People's Republic of China and the National Tourism Administration in 1998. As early as 1981, Wuxi was listed as one of fifteen core economic centers in the country. Wuxi has been home to several notable individuals, including Gu Kaizhi, Ni Zan, Chi'en Mu, and Qian Zhongshu.
Wusih, Wu Hsi
Clockwise from top: Yunfu Mansion, Grand Buddha at Ling Shan, Lihu Lake, city canal, Liyuan Gardens
Wuxi is full of warmth and water
Location of Wuxi City jurisdiction in Jiangsu
Location in China
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• CPC Municipal Secretary||Li Xiaomin|
|• Acting Mayor||Huang Qin(黄钦）|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,628 km2 (1,787 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||6,553,000|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Urban center: 214000
Other Area: 214200, 214400
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JS-02|
|License plate prefixes||苏B|
|GDP (2018)||CNY 1.144 trillion ($172.9 billion)|
|- per capita||CNY 174,556 ($26,380)|
|HDI||0.909 - very high|
|Local Dialect||Wu: Wuxi dialect|
|Hanyu Pinyin||PRC Standard Mandarin:|
ROC Standard Mandarin:
Wuxi means "without tin" literally. The name "with tin" (有锡) was once adopted during the short-lived Xin Dynasty. Despite varied tales, many modern Chinese scholars favour the view that the word derived from the "old Yue language" or, supposedly, the old Kra–Dai languages.
There is an account about brothers Taibo and Zhongyong among several ones that they made Meicun the state of Wu's capital. The region was variously occupied by the state of Yue, Chu and Qin.
The Wuxi county was founded in 202 BCE. It was a part of the Kuaiji Commandery during the Western Han, and later the Wu Commandery. As a part of Wang Mang's regime, the place name Wuxi was once changed to Youxi (有錫), meaning "with tin", until his death.
The county was dissolved and put under the jurisdiction of the Director of State Farms in Piling (piling diannong xiaowei, 毗陵典農校尉), when the area was dominated by the Wu. Restored in 280, it was annexed by the Jinling Commandery (later Changzhou) since the Eastern Jin. Agriculture and the silk industry flourished in Wuxi and this town became a transportation hub under the early Tang Dynasty after the construction of the Grand Canal. Although Suzhou became the center of the Wu area, Wuxi also played a significant role in the county of Wu.
The Donglin Academy, which was restored in Wuxi 1604, is the cradle of the Donglin movement.
As a populous county, its eastern part was separated and resulted in the creation of the Jinkui (金匱) county in 1724. Both Wuxi and Jinkui were utterly devastated by the Taiping Rebellion, which resulted in nearly 2/3 of their population being killed. The depleted number of “able-bodied males” (ding, 丁) was only of 72,053 and 138,008 individuals in 1865, versus 339,549 and 258,934 in 1830. The Taiping rebellion killed 190,000 Wuxi people out of 300,000.
Jinkui was merged into Wuxi in 1912.
During the late 19th century, Wuxi became a center of the textile industry in China and one of the four most important rice markets nationwide. By 1878, Wuxi was the leading silk-producing county in Jiangsu, outstripping even Suzhou, the traditional center of that industry. In the late 19th century, Wuxi was also the regional center for the waterborne transport of grain and a major commercial center.
The city plan, as is typical of many older Chinese cities, is of a central city with a roughly circular plan, crisscrossed with older canals, the main canal still seeing heavy barge traffic.
Wuxi itself is on an alluvial plain of deep sedimentary deposits cut between limestone foothills, making it one of the sources for "scholar's rocks", the intricately weathered stones which were used as devices for contemplation.
Wuxi is hot and humid in summer and chilly and damp in winter, with an average annual temperature of 18 °C (64 °F) and very occasional snow. Because of its proximity to the East China Sea, it has a monsoon season and receives 100 centimetres (39 inches) of rain annually.
According to the 2010 Census, the prefecture-level of Wuxi has a population of 6,372,624, an increase of 1,192,777 from the 2000 census, giving it a population growth of 20.9% for the period 2000-2010.
The prefecture-level city of Wuxi administers seven county-level divisions, including 5 districts and 2 county-level cities. The information here presented uses the metric system and data from 2010 Census.
|Subdivision||Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|Liangxi District||梁溪区||Liángxī Qū||944,188||71.50||13,205.43|
|Xishan District||锡山区||Xīshān Qū||681,300||399.11||1,707.05|
|Huishan District||惠山区||Huìshān Qū||691,059||325.12||2,125.55|
|Binhu District||滨湖区||Bīnhú Qū||688,965||628.15||1,096.82|
|Xinwu District||新吴区||Xīnwú Qū||536,807||220.01||2,439.92|
|Satellite cities (County-level cities)|
|Jiangyin City||江阴市||Jiāngyīn Shì||1,594,829||986.97||1,615.88|
|Yixing City||宜兴市||Yíxīng Shì||1,235,476||1,996.61||618.79|
|Defunct: Chong'an District, Nanchang District, & Beitang District|
The city has a rapidly developing skyline with the opening of three supertall skyscrapers (300 metres or 980 feet) in 2014. These buildings are the Wuxi IFS, Wuxi Suning Plaza 1, and Wuxi Maoye City - Marriott Hotel. There are 7 other skyscrapers between 200 and 300 metres (660 and 980 feet) tall including the Yunfu Mansion.
The city has extensive manufacturing including large industrial parks devoted to new industries. Historically a center of textile manufacturing, the city has adopted new industries such as electric motor manufacturing, MRP software development, and solar technology. Two major photovoltaic companies, Suntech Power and Jetion Holdings Ltd, are based in Wuxi, making the city a hub for solar technology in China. Bicycle manufacturing for international brands is another industry, including bicycle assembly and bicycle component manufacturing. One of the two Chinese factories of Taiwan-based brake manufacturer Tektro is in Wuxi. Hynix completed a new chip plant in Wuxi.
Since it was established in 1992, Wuxi New District (WND) has evolved to be one of the major industrial parks in China. A wide variety of components, sub-systems and original equipments are made in WND. Approximately 1200 enterprises have been registered in WND by the end of 2008. Wuxi New District provides strong support for international manufacturing operations. The Zone focuses on formation of the five pillar industries of electronic information, precision machinery and mechanical and electrical integration, bio-pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals and new materials.
Established in 1992, Wuxi Export Processing Zone is located in Wuxi New District with a planned area of 2.98 km2 (1.15 sq mi). The encouraged industries include electronic information, optical-mechanical-electronic-integration, precision machinery, and new materials. It is situated near to Wuxi Airport and Changzhou Port.
As an important city for the "Wu" area, Wuxi is one of the art and cultural centers of "Jiangnan". Its culture bears distinctive characteristics, which can be identified in its dialect, architecture, waterway transportation and various art types. Local folk arts include Huishan clay figurines and clay teapots.
Several famous Chinese authors claim Wuxi as their home town. Among them, most recently, Qian Zhongshu, author of Fortress Besieged, a comedy of manners set in China in the 1930s. Wuxi was the birthplace of the famous Chinese (later American) artist Chen Chi (1912—2005), in whose honor a museum has been erected in the city.
In modern times Wuxi has produced a number of cultural figures such as Hua Yanjun (1893–1950) also known as "Blind Abing" (瞎子阿炳), famous for his erhu and pipa music. Another famous musician is Liu Tianhua, who was the first to compile folk music using staff.
Wuxi is a major tourist area of the Lower Yangtze Delta. It has natural and man-made places of interest.
The city was built on the shore of Lake Tai with the lake providing a rich tourism resource. Noted spots include Yuantouzhu (the Islet of Turtlehead) and Taihu Xiandao (Islands of the Deities). Passengers can enjoy the scenery of Lake Tai and the city center on a 115-metre (377 ft) tall Ferris wheel that takes 18 minutes to complete one revolution. At night, lighting effects are switched on around the wheel.
Literally "Tin Mountain" and "Kindhearted Mountain", Mount Xi and Mount Hui are two small hills in the western part of the city. The classic royal Ji-chang-yuan Gardens are at the foot of the hill as well as the Tianxia di er quan (天下第二泉), literally "the second spring under heaven").
The Grand Canal passes through the city. There are two canals: one is the old one that has been there since it was excavated, the other is the new canal created after 1949.
Wuxi has many private gardens or parks built by learned scholars and rich people in the past. Among these, Li Yuan, Mei Yuan are good examples that have been well preserved. Xihui Gongyuan (Xihui Park),at the foot of Xi Shan also houses historical relics, notably Jichang Garden. Lihu Park is another popular park, owing it popularity to legends that Fan Li and Xi Shi boated here. Fragrant Cedar Pavilion (Chinese: 香楠厅; pinyin: Xiāngnán tīng) is a protected site, which was dedicated in the Ming dynasty to Consort Duan by her father after her execution for involvement in an assassination attempt against the Jiajing Emperor.
Wuxi's Mashan Town was built during 16th–19th century A.D.. The town is in the northwest part of Wuxi on the west bank of the Grand Canal and at the foot of Mount Hui. The town's buildings are mainly family ancestral halls. South of the Long Mountain, near the town, is the 88 metres (289 ft) tall Grand Buddha at Ling Shan, one of the largest Buddha statues in China and the ninth tallest statue worldwide.
In the western part of Wuxi, the district is classified as a AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration and consists of Wuxi Three State City Park, Tang City, and Shuihu City. Established in 1987, it was the first film studio in China. CCTV Wuxi Film/TV Studio used the studio for the shooting of The Three Kingdoms and Water Margins.
In Yixing (part of Wuxi), Shan Juan Cave is a four-star scenic zone. The folktale figures of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai were said to study behind the cave.
Other historical places include the former residence of Xue Fucheng, former residence of A Bin, former residence of Xu Xiake, site of Luotuo Dun, Taibo Temple and Tomb, and Donglin Shuyuan.
Wuxi has two stadiums. The old stadium is in the southern part of the city and has yet to reopen. The other is Wuxi New Stadium, which consists of a swimming stadium, soccer stadium and other facilities. It is located in the south-west part of the city, near Lake Tai. Major League Baseball has also had its main Chinese Development Center in Wuxi since 2008. At the Development Center, Major League Baseball scouts and recruits the best players in China to play at the DC in the hopes that they will eventually play professional baseball in America. In 2017, Wuxi New Stadium also hosted the 2017 ITTF Asian-Championships (Ping Pong).
Wuxi is situated on the Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway, linking it directly with the provincial capital of Nanjing (1.5 hours), China's economic hub, Shanghai (45 minutes) and major economic hub and tourist destination Suzhou (24 minutes).
Sunan Shuofang International Airport (IATA: WUX) opened in 2004 and serves the cities of Wuxi and Suzhou. It is situated 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from the city centre and has direct flights to Beijing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Taipei, Singapore, and Osaka.
The fencing world championships in 2018 was in wuxi2018 World Fencing Championships
The 2018 World Fencing Championships was held from 19 to 27 July at 2018 in Wuxi, China.Binhu District
Binhu District (simplified Chinese: 滨湖区; traditional Chinese: 濱湖區; pinyin: Bīnhú Qū) is one of six urban districts of Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China.
Located in the delta hinterland of the Yangtze River to the southwest of Wuxi City, the district has an area of 608.58 square kilometres (234.97 sq mi), of which 262.49 square kilometres (101.35 sq mi) is land, and a total population of 310,000.
Binhu district is the cradle of the ancient Wu culture and the birthplace of modern industrial and town-based enterprises.Jiangsu
Jiangsu (江苏; formerly Kiangsu) is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China. It is one of the leading provinces in finance, education, technology, and tourism, with its capital in Nanjing. Jiangsu is the third smallest, but the fifth most populous and the most densely populated of the 23 provinces of the People's Republic of China. Jiangsu has the highest GDP per capita of Chinese provinces and second-highest GDP of Chinese provinces, after Guangdong. Jiangsu borders Shandong in the north, Anhui to the west, and Zhejiang and Shanghai to the south. Jiangsu has a coastline of over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) along the Yellow Sea, and the Yangtze River passes through the southern part of the province.
Since the Sui and Tang dynasties, Jiangsu has been a national economic and commercial center, partly due to the construction of the Grand Canal. Cities such as Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou and Shanghai (separated from Jiangsu in 1927) are all major Chinese economic hubs. Since the initiation of economic reforms in 1990, Jiangsu has become a focal point for economic development. It is widely regarded as China's most developed province, when measured by its Human Development Index (HDI).Jiangsu is home to many of the world's leading exporters of electronic equipment, chemicals and textiles. It has also been China's largest recipient of foreign direct investment since 2006. Its 2014 nominal GDP was more than 1 trillion US dollars, which is the sixth-highest of all country subdivisions.Jiangyin
Jiangyin (simplified Chinese: 江阴; traditional Chinese: 江陰; pinyin: Jiāngyīn; Wade–Giles: Chiangyin, Jiangyin dialect: [kɐ̞ŋ.jɪŋ]) is a county-level city on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, and is administered by Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Jiangyin is one of the most important transport hubs on the Yangtze River, it is also one of the most developed counties in China.Kung Fu Panda
Kung Fu Panda is a 2008 American computer-animated wuxia comedy film produced by DreamWorks Animation and distributed by Paramount Pictures.1 It was directed by John Stevenson and Mark Osborne and produced by Melissa Cobb, and stars the voices of Jack Black, Dustin Hoffman, Angelina Jolie, Ian McShane, Seth Rogen, Lucy Liu, David Cross, Randall Duk Kim, James Hong, Dan Fogler, Michael Clarke Duncan, and Jackie Chan. The film is set in a version of ancient China populated by anthropomorphic talking animals and revolves around a bumbling panda named Po, a kung fu enthusiast. When an evil kung fu warrior named Tai Lung is foretold to escape from prison, Po is unwittingly named the "Dragon Warrior", that was destined to defeat him.The film was conceived by Michael Lachance, a DreamWorks Animation executive. It was originally intended to be a parody, but director Stevenson decided instead to shoot an action comedy wuxia film that incorporates the hero's journey narrative archetype for the lead character. The computer animation in the film was more complex than anything DreamWorks had done before. As with most DreamWorks animated films, Hans Zimmer (this time collaborating with John Powell) scored Kung Fu Panda. He visited China to absorb the culture and get to know the China National Symphony Orchestra as part of his preparation.
Kung Fu Panda premiered in the United States on June 6, 2008. The film received positive reviews upon release. Kung Fu Panda opened in 4,114 theaters, grossing $20.3 million on its opening day and $60.2 million on its opening weekend, resulting in the number one position at the box office. The film became DreamWorks' biggest opening for a non-sequel film, the highest grossing animated film of the year worldwide, and also had the fourth-largest opening weekend for a DreamWorks animated film at the American and Canadian box office, behind Shrek 2, Shrek the Third, and Shrek Forever After. A sequel, Kung Fu Panda 2, was released on May 26, 2011, along with a television series Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness premiering on Nickelodeon later that same year as a part of a franchise. A second sequel called Kung Fu Panda 3 was released on January 29, 2016.Longxi International Hotel
The Longxi International Hotel or Hanging Village of Huaxi (Chinese: 空中华西村; Chinese: 空中華西村) is a late-modernist-futurism supertall skyscraper in Jiangyin, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China. The mixed-use tower began construction in 2008 and completed in 2011. The building rises 328 m (1,076 ft) with 74 stories. The skyscraper includes a glass sphere at the very top. The opening of the Longxi International Hotel was on 12 October 2011.Sunan Shuofang International Airport
Sunan Shuofang International Airport (IATA: WUX, ICAO: ZSWX) is an airport serving the cities of Wuxi and Suzhou in southern Jiangsu Province, China (Sunan meaning "Southern Jiangsu" in Chinese). It is located in Shuofang Subdistrict (硕放街道), 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) southeast of Wuxi and 22 km (14 mi) northwest of Suzhou. The airport was built in 1955 for military use, and commercial flights only started in 2004. Formerly called Wuxi Shuofang Airport, it took the current name in November 2010 and is now co-owned by the governments of Wuxi, Suzhou, and Jiangsu Province. In 2013, Sunan Shuofang Airport handled 3,590,188 passengers, making it the 42nd busiest airport in China.Suning Plaza, Wuxi
Wuxi Suning Plaza 1 is a supertall skyscraper in Wuxi, Jiangsu, China. It has a height of 328 metres (1,076 ft). Construction began in 2010 and ended in 2014. It functions as a hotel, apartment, and office building.Suntech Power
Suntech Power Holdings Co., Ltd. (Chinese: 尚德; pinyin: Shàngdé) is a Chinese producer of solar panels, with 2,000 MW (2,700,000 hp) of annual production capacity by the end of 2011. It is headquartered in Wuxi, Jiangsu. Shunfeng International Clean Energy Limited, a HKSE listed renewable energy investment and Independent Power Producer company, acquired Suntech in 2014 following Suntech's bankruptcy in 2013. With offices or production facilities in every major market, Suntech has delivered more than 13,000,000 solar panels to thousands of companies in more than 80 countries around the world. As the center for the company's global operations, Suntech headquarters, in Wuxi, China, features the world's largest building integrated solar facade.Suntech's fortunes have declined significantly since its peak in 2008, due to a glut in the market for solar products and problems with its investments. In March 2013 it announced a US$541 million bond payment default, becoming the first company from mainland China to default on its US bonds.
Chinese banks subsequently filed to place Suntech’s main unit, Wuxi Suntech Power Holdings Co., Ltd., into insolvency. The company's American Depository Receipts were subsequently delisted from the New York Stock Exchange and placed on the over the counter (OTC) exchange.Wang Xuan
Wang Xuan (simplified Chinese: 王选; traditional Chinese: 王選; pinyin: Wáng Xuǎn; February 5, 1937 – February 13, 2006), born in Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, was a Chinese computer scientist and businessman. He was a computer application specialist and innovator of the Chinese printing industry, as well as an academician at both the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. He was the vice-president of the CPPCC and founder of the major technology conglomerate company Founder Group in 1986.Wuxi Classic
The Wuxi Classic was a professional snooker tournament held from 2008 to 2014. It was a ranking event from 2012 through 2014. For the 2015/16 season, World Snooker reduced the number of ranking events held in China, which saw the tournament replaced by the snooker World Cup, also held in the city of Wuxi. The last champion was Neil Robertson, who won the event in 2013 and retained his title in 2014.Wuxi County
Wuxi County (Chinese: 巫溪县; pinyin: Wūxī Xiàn) is a county of Chongqing Municipality, People's Republic of China. Sitting at the upper reaches of Daning River and the southern slopes of the central Daba Mountains. It is best known for its scenic views and its preserved witchcraft culture.
Wuxi County is noted as a major tourism site of Chongqing.Wuxi IFS
Wuxi IFS (Chinese: 无锡IFS国金中心) is a late-modernist supertall skyscraper in Wuxi, China. The mixed-use tower has a height of 339 metres (1,112 ft) and contain 68 floors. Construction of the 280,000 square metres (3,014,000 sq ft)-glass and steel-building was completed in 2014.Wuxi Maoye City – Marriott Hotel
Wuxi Maoye City - Marriott Hotel is a 304 m (997 ft) supertall skyscraper located in Wuxi, Jiangsu, China. Construction began in 2008 and ended in 2014. The building was one of the first supertalls in the city. Its core is made of reinforced concrete and is clad in a glass curtain wall. Belt trusses hide the mechanical floors on floors 26 and 46.Wuxi Metro
Wuxi Metro is the rapid transit system of Wuxi, Jiangsu province, China. Line 1 began operations on 1 July 2014, and Line 2 on 28 December 2014. Further plans to build 6 more lines and to connect system with the Shanghai Metro and Suzhou Metro are under active review. In March 2019, the Wuxi Metro began selling "Twin City" metro cards that could be used on both the Ningbo Metro and Wuxi Metro.Wuxi dialect
Wuxi dialect (Simplified Chinese: 无锡话; Traditional Chinese: 無錫話; Pinyin: Wúxī huà, Wu : mu1 sik1 wo3 , Wuxi dialect : [vu˨˨˧ siɪʔ˦ ɦu˨]) is a dialect of Wu. It is spoken in the city of Wuxi in Jiangsu province of China.
It has many similarities with the Shanghainese and Suzhou dialect. It is mutually intelligible with the Changzhou dialect to which it is most closely related. It is not at all mutually intelligible with Mandarin, China's official language.Wuxi railway station
Wuxi railway station (simplified Chinese: 无锡站; traditional Chinese: 無錫站; pinyin: Wúxī zhàn) is a railway station of Jinghu railway and Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity Railway, located in Chong'an District, Wuxi, Jiangsu.Xinwu District, Wuxi
Xinwu District (simplified Chinese: 新吴区; traditional Chinese: 新吳區; pinyin: Xīnwú Qū) is one of five urban districts of Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China.
Located in the delta hinterland of the Yangtze River to the southeast of center Wuxi, the district has an area of 219 square kilometres (85 sq mi) and a total population of 536,807. Xinwu also consists of the Wuxi New Area, a national development area.
Xinwu economic engine of Wuxi most hi-technology companies are located within the district.Yixing
Yixing (simplified Chinese: 宜兴; traditional Chinese: 宜興; pinyin: Yíxīng) is a county-level city with a population of 1.24 million administrated under the prefecture-level city of Wuxi in southern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China, and is part of the Yangtze River Delta. The city is known for its traditional Yixing clay ware tea pots.
|Hanyu Pinyin||PRC Standard Mandarin:|
ROC Standard Mandarin:
|Bopomofo||PRC: ㄨˊ ㄒㄧ|
ROC: ㄨˊ ㄒㄧˊ
|Gwoyeu Romatzyh||PRC: Wushi|
|Tongyong Pinyin||PRC: Wúsi|
|Yale Romanization||PRC: Wúsyī|
|Climate data for Wuxi (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °C (°F)||7.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||3.5
|Average low °C (°F)||0.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||58.8
|Average relative humidity (%)||75||75||75||74||74||79||79||81||80||77||75||72||76|
|Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center|
Yangtze Delta metropolitan regions
|Shanghai Metropolitan Area|
|Jiangsu Yangtze Metropolitan Belt|
|Zhejiang Hangzhou Greater Bay Area|