Wusong

Wusong, formerly romanized as Woosung,[n 1] is a subdistrict of Baoshan in northern Shanghai. Prior to the city's expansion, it was a separate port town located 14 miles (23 km) down the Huangpu River from Shanghai's urban core.

Wusong
吴淞区
Subdistrict of China

1980–1988
Location of Wusong
Location of Wusong on Shanghai.
History
 •  Established 1980
 •  Disestablished 1988
Today part of Part of the Baoshan District, Shanghai
Wusong
PostalWoosung
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinWúsōng
Wade–GilesWu-sung

Name

Wusong is named for the Wusong River, a former name for Shanghai's Suzhou Creek. Suzhou Creek is now a tributary to the Huangpu River, emptying into it in Puxi across from Lujiazui and just north of the Bund. The Huangpu had previously been a tributary to the Wusong, but the two reversed their importance when a flood caused it to gain a number of the Wusong's former tributaries.

History

Wusong housed a Qing fortress protecting the entrance to Shanghai.[1] It was captured by the British during the Battle of Woosung on 16 June 1842, amid the First Opium War. During the steamship era, it was the point of departure for large steamers bound for Shanghai.[1] This position caused it to be the site of China's first telegraph wires and first railroad, both running to Shanghai along what is today the route of the Shanghai Metro's elevated Line 3. By 1900, it boasted a lighthouse and a "skeleton" teahouse, as well as a small squadron of war-junks (ty-mung) of the Imperial Chinese Navy.[1]

Tongji University was founded here in 1909. During World War II, this town was the site of an internment camp for marines captured on Wake Island. Wusong became a district of Shanghai, before it was abolished in 1964 and incorporated into Baoshan District.

Notes

  1. ^ Variant spellings include Woo-Sung.[1]

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Sladen (1895), p. 278.

Bibliography

  • Sladen, Douglas (1895), "Bits of China", The Japs at Home, 5th ed., New York: New Amsterdam Book Co., pp. 276–354.

See also

Coordinates: 31°22′30″N 121°30′0″E / 31.37500°N 121.50000°E

Baoshan District, Shanghai

Baoshan District , is a suburban district of Shanghai. It has an area of 424.58 square kilometers (163.93 sq mi) and had a population of 1,905,000 at the time of the 2010 Chinese census.

Battle of Woosung

The Battle of Woosung was fought between British and Chinese forces at the entrance of the Woosung River (present-day Huangpu River), Jiangsu province, China, on 16 June 1842 during the First Opium War. The British capture of the towns of Woosung (now Wusong) and Baoshan opened the way to Shanghai, which was captured with little resistance on 19 June.

Bund Tunnel

The Bund Tunnel (Chinese: 外滩隧道; pinyin: Wàitān Suìdào) is a 3.3 km (2.1 mi) sub-surface road and road tunnel in the city of Shanghai, China. The tunnel connects the districts of Hongkou to the north and Huangpu to the south.

In the south, the tunnel begins on a stretch of South Zhongshan Road, which runs along the western bank of the Huangpu River, on the east side of the old Chinese city. It follows South Zhongshan Road and No. 2 East Zhongshan Road, crosses Yan'an Road, a major east-west artery (with a major exit to and from Yan'an Road), then follows East No. 1 Zhongshan Road through the Bund. At the northern end of the Bund, where the surface road joins the historic Garden Bridge to cross Suzhou Creek, the tunnel also crosses Suzhou Creek under the bridge. On the northern bank of Suzhou Creek, the tunnel briefly follows Daming Road, with another major exit leading east onto Changzhi Road, while the main tunnel veers west and joins Wusong Road.

Construction on the tunnel began in 2007. The southern section of the tunnel is a subsurface road built using cut and cover methods, while the northern part was tunnelled using a shield method. The tunnel has two levels, with each level carrying three lanes of traffic in one direction. The tunnel was opened on 28 March 2010.

Chuansha County

Chuansha County (simplified Chinese: 川沙县; traditional Chinese: 川沙縣; pinyin: Chuānshā Xiàn, was a county located in the east of Shanghai until its was fully absorbed by the previously split Pudong New Area in 1993.

Dushu Lake

Dushu Lake (Chinese: 独墅湖) is a fresh water lake located in southern part of Suzhou Industrial Park, with an area of about 11.52 square kilometers. Since 2000s, Suzhou Dushu Lake Higher Education Town was gradually formed on the east bank. Dushu Lake Tunnel goes through it. Dushu Lake is connected to the Jinji Lake by two waterways, and connects the Wusong River via Huodi Pond to the Grand Canal. Its North bank is the location of the Kempinski Hotel Suzhou.

Lin Wusong

Lin Wusun (simplified Chinese: 林戊荪; traditional Chinese: 林戊蓀; pinyin: Lín Wùsūn; born 1928) is a Chinese translator. He was the President of China International Publishing Group between 1988 and 1993, the Executive Vice-President of the Translators Association of China between 1992 and 2004, the Chief-Editor of Chinese Translators Journal between 2002 and 2005.

List of administrative divisions of Shanghai

Shanghai is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of People's Republic of China, and is further divided into 16 districts. There is no single downtown district in Shanghai as the urban core is scattered across several districts, although Huangpu is generally considered the center of Shanghai. Today's Huangpu is the result of the mergers of three old districts: the original Huangpu District merged with Nanshi District in 2000, and in 2011 Luwan District also merged into Huangpu. Huangpu is now the location of the city hall, The Bund, and shopping areas including the famous Nanjing Road, Huaihai Road, and Xintiandi. Across the Huangpu River, Pudong includes Lujiazui, the financial center of Shanghai as well as China, and has been undergoing rapid development since its formation in 1992. In April 2009 Nanhui District was merged into Pudong. Other prominent business and shopping areas include Xujiahui in Xuhui District, Jing'an Temple in Jing'an District, Hongqiao in Changning District, Wujiaochang in Yangpu District, and North Sichuan Road in Hongkou District. Many universities in Shanghai are located in Yangpu, Minhang, and Songjiang Districts.

Seven of the districts are situated in Puxi (literally Huangpu West), or the older part of urban Shanghai on the west bank of the Huangpu River. These seven districts are collectively referred to as downtown Shanghai (上海市区) or the city centre (市中心).

Chongming, Changxing, Hengsha, and Yuansha Islands at the mouth of the Yangtze River are governed by Chongming District.

Shanghai Campaign

The Shanghai Campaign was a series of battles fought between the nationalists and the communists for the control of Shanghai, the largest city in China in the latter stage of the Chinese Civil War, and resulted in the city being taken over by the communists who enjoyed the numerical superiority.

Shanghai County

Shanghai County (simplified Chinese: 上海县; traditional Chinese: 上海縣; pinyin: Shànghǎi Xiàn), was a county located in south of Shanghai's Puxi districts until it was fully absorbed by Minhang District in 1992.

Shanghai Maritime University

Shanghai Maritime University (SMU; Chinese: 上海海事大学, 原名上海海运学院, 吴淞商船学校) is a public university in Shanghai, People's Republic of China. Shanghai Maritime University is multidisciplinary with six fields of study: Engineering, Management, Economics, Literature, Science and Law. It is one of the best Chinese universities for specialization in maritime, shipping and transport education.

Shanghai Street Circuit

Shanghai Street Circuit is a street circuit in Pudong, Shanghai. On 18 July 2004, the 2.85 km (1.77 mi) track hosted a non-championship race of Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters won by Gary Paffett for Mercedes-AMG.On 28 January 2010, DTM bosses revealed the final calendar for the 2010 Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters season featured a season finale on the street circuit on 31 October 2010 for the first time in six years.

Songbin Road station

Songbin Road Station (simplified Chinese: 淞滨路站; traditional Chinese: 淞濱路站; pinyin: Sōngbīn Lù Zhàn) is the name of a station on the Shanghai Metro Line 3. It is part of the northern extension of that line from Jiangwan Town to North Jiangyang Road that opened on 18 December 2006. The planned name of this station was Wusong Town.

Suzhou Creek

Suzhou Creek (or Soochow Creek), also called Wusong River, is a river that passes through the Shanghai city center. It is named after the neighbouring city of Suzhou, Jiangsu, the predominant settlement in this area prior to the rise of Shanghai as a metropolis.

One of the principal outlets of Lake Tai in Wujiang District of Suzhou, Suzhou Creek is 125 km (78 mi) long, of which 54 km are within the administrative region of Shanghai and 24 km within the city's highly urbanized parts. It flows into the Huangpu River at the northern end of the Bund in Huangpu District.

Suzhou Dushu Lake Higher Education Town

Suzhou Dushu Lake Higher Education Town (Chinese: 苏州独墅湖高等教育区) is a university town located in the Southern part of Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou, Jiangsu, to the East of Dushu Lake, and to the South of Wusong River. It has a total area of 25 km2, and expects to have around 400,000 people by 2016, 100,000 of whom will be students. Its goal is to offer good education, advanced technology, and a pleasant living environment. The area is home to many universities (undergraduate as well as graduate schools) including local Chinese universities and universities from other countries. This community focuses on producing educated and creative people. The area offers facilities including libraries, entertainment venues, parks, a sports centre and accommodation. Wenxing Plaza and Hanlin Plaza are popular locations of many small restaurants and shops. Dushu Lake Library is an experimental library of the National Digital Library.

Wenzaobang

The Wenzaobang or Wenzao River (Chinese: 蕰藻浜; pinyin: Wēnzǎobāng), often mispronounced as Yunzaobang, is a river in Shanghai, China. It flows from the Wusong River in Jiading District to the Huangpu River in Baoshan District and is 38 kilometres (24 mi) in length.

Woosung

Woosung may refer to:

Wusong District, an area of Shanghai, China formerly transliterated as Woosung

Suzhou Creek, a small river formerly also known as Woosung River

Woosung, Illinois, a town in United States named after Wusong, China.

Woosung (name), a Korean male given namewoosung from the rose(korean band)

Woosung, Illinois

Woosung is an unincorporated community in Ogle County, Illinois, U.S., and is located in the far southwestern part of the county, northwest of Dixon.

Woosung was named by a railroad official who had once visited Wusong, China during his former career as a sea captain.

Woosung Road

The Woosung Road or Railway was a 19th-century, 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow-gauge passenger railway in Shanghai, China, between the outskirts of the American Concession in the modern town's Zhabei District and Wusong in Baoshan District. Surreptitiously conceived and constructed, it ran for less than a year before it was purchased and dismantled by the Qing viceroy Shen Pao-chen. The line would not be rebuilt for twenty years. This fate was a commonly invoked symbol of the Qing dynasty's backwardness and insularity, despite the road's admitted illegality and numerous legitimate objections voiced by the Chinese during its construction and operation.

Its route – still primarily rural as late as the turn of the century – now forms part of the Shanghai Metro's elevated Line 3.

Wusung Radio Tower

Wusung Radio Tower is a 321 metres tall guyed mast situated at Wusong near Shanghai. Wusung Radio Mast was built in the 1930s and was at the time of inauguration the world's second tallest architectural structure after the Empire State Building.

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