Wuhu

Wuhu (simplified Chinese: 芜湖; traditional Chinese: 蕪湖; pinyin: Wúhú; literally "Weedy Lake") is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Anhui province, China. Sitting on the southeast bank of the Yangtze River, Wuhu borders Xuancheng to the southeast, Chizhou and Tongling to the southwest, Hefei city to the northwest, Ma'anshan city to the northeast, Jiangsu Province to the east, and is approximately 90 km (56 mi) southwest of Nanjing. As of 2017, the city had a population of approximately 3,696,000 officially registered inhabitants.[1]

Wuhu

芜湖市
Wuhu Mirror Lake night
Location of Wuhu in Anhui
Location of Wuhu in Anhui
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceAnhui
County-level divisions8
Municipal seatJiujiang DistrictCoordinates: 31°22′12″N 118°23′33″E / 31.37000°N 118.39250°E
Government
 • Party SecretaryPan Zhaohui (潘朝晖)
 • MayorHe Maoxie (贺懋燮)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city6,048.5 km2 (2,335.3 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,064.7 km2 (411.1 sq mi)
 • Metro
175 km2 (68 sq mi)
Elevation
7.9 m (26 ft)
Population
 (2017 census)
 • Prefecture-level city3,696,000
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Urban
2,400,500
 • Urban density2,300/km2 (5,800/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,665,000
 • Metro density9,500/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0553
ISO 3166 codeCN-AH-02
GDP (2017)¥306.552 billion
GDP per capita¥82942 US$12284
License Plate Prefix皖B
Websitewww.wuhu.gov.cn

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Wuhu administers 8 county-level divisions, including 4 districts and 4 counties.

Name Simplified Chinese Pinyin Population Postal Code
Sanshan District 三山区 Sānshān Qū 150,000 241080
Yijiang District 弋江区 Yìjiāng Qū 328,000 241002
Jinghu District 镜湖区 Jìnghú Qū 555,000 340202
Jiujiang District 鸠江区 Jiūjiāng Qū 61,000 241000
Wuhu County 芜湖县 Wúhú Xiàn 299,000 241100
Fanchang County 繁昌县 Fánchāng Xiàn 268,000 241200
Nanling County 南陵县 Nánlíng Xiàn 550,500 241300
Wuwei County 无为县 Wúwéi Xiàn 1,033,000 238300
Map

Demographics

Population

By the end of 2017, the total population was estimated to be 3,842,100,of whom 1,665,000 live in the 4 urban districts and the others live in the counties. The city has over 47 ethnic minorities present — the largest being the Muslim population. There are other ethnic minorities with over 500 inhabitants in the city: Yi, Tujia, Miao, Zhuang, and Manchu.

Language

Jiang-Huai Mandarin, a branch of Mandarin Chinese, was widely spoken in urban area, while some people in the counties spoke Wu Chinese. Putonghua, or Standard Mandarin was commonly used in this area.

History

No.11 Middle School in Wuhu 2012-05
A heritage building: the No. 11 Middle School in Wuhu

Wuhu is known to have been inhabited since at least 770 BCE. It became a strategically important town during the Three Kingdoms period (220-280 AD), when it was controlled by the Eastern Wu. At this time it was known as Jiuzi (Chiu-tzu 鸠兹). Under the Ming dynasty, Wuhu developed into a major commercial center and river port and since that time has been known as a center of the rice trade.

In 1644, the Hongguang Emperor (better known as the Prince of Fu), one of the last emperors of the Ming Dynasty, was captured by forces of the new Qing Dynasty in Wuhu. During the Taiping Rebellion, Wuhu exchanges hands over five times between Taiping and Imperial forces. The city became a treaty port in 1876 and has remained a commercial center since that time. The city's Roman Catholic cathedral, St. Joseph's Cathedral (圣若瑟主教座堂), dates from this time. Most of the downtown area alongside the Yangtze River was ceded in the British concession.

Nieuhof-Ambassade-vers-la-Chine-1665 0786
"Ufu". Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665

Trade in rice, wood, and tea flourished at Wuhu until the Warlord Era of the 1920s and 1930s, when bandits were active in the area.

At the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War, part of the Second World War, Wuhu was occupied by Japan on December 10, 1937. This was a prelude to the Battle of Nanjing, ending in the Nanjing Massacre. Under Japanese occupation, Chinese resistance fighters hid in the lakes around Wuhu by submerging themselves and breathing through reeds.

Major industries began to be developed in Wuhu after the Second World War, with the development of the textile industry, shipbuilding, and paper mills. Despite this, Wuhu had been lagging behind Ma'anshan and Tongling in industrial production for decades after the establishment of the People's Republic of China and remained primarily a commercial center for trade in rice, silk, cotton, tea, wheat and eggs. However, with recent years' economic rise, Wuhu has become a hub for manufacturing.

In July 2016, Nanling and Wuwei counties suffered serious damage from heavy rain.

Economy

The city is the second largest economy in Anhui, after Hefei, the provincial capital. In 2017, Wuhu’s GDP reached RMB 306.552 billion. Its per capita GDP was RMB 83880 (~$12426).[2]

Wuhu Economic & Technological Development Area in the north of the city launched in 1993 is one of the first state-level economic and technological development area in Anhui province. It has the only export processing zone in the province.[3] Chery Automobile and Anhui Conch Cement Company are headquartered in this development area.

Wuhu is the fifth largest port alongside Yangtze River. Yuxikou Pier is the largest inland river coal harbor in China.

Transportation

Bus

Buses in Wuhu start at ¥1 for a general bus and ¥2 for air-conditioned buses.

Taxi

During the day, taxis start at ¥7; after 2.5 km, the price increases at ¥1.8 per km. From 10 p.m. to 5 a.m. taxis start at ¥8 and after 2.5 km, the prices increase at a rate of ¥2.5 for each additional km. There is a free 4 minutes of waiting time due to traffic/red lights. Afterwards it's an additional ¥0.34 for every minute during the day and ¥0.38 for every minute at night.

Airport

There is no civilian airport in Wuhu but there is a military airport used by the People's Liberation Army Air Force.

Bridge

Wuhu has one Yangtze River crossing—the Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge, opened in 2000, carries the G5011 Wuhu–Hefei Expressway and Huainan Railway.

Train

Wuhu is served by the Anhui–Jiangxi, Nanjing–Tongling and Huainan Railways. It only takes 2.5 hours from Shanghai to Wuhu by high-speed train.

Metro system

Wuhu Rail Transit Line 1 and Line 2 are under construction and scheduled to be operational by the end of 2019.

Culture

The great poet Li Bai spent his late life in Wuhu, it is said, due to its striking landscape. Li Bai was born in a Central Asian town and raised in the southwestern China. Xie Tiao, one of the most distinctive Six Dynasty poets whom he greatly admired, left many poems when holding positions here.

In the Tang dynasty (619-907), the poet Du Mu wrote a famous poem Thoughts on Staying Again at Wuhu.

A factory in Wuhu carries on the local craft of making wrought iron pictures. Other local handicrafts are embossed lacquerware and rice straw pith patchwork. A famous stone tablet in Wuhu recording local events of the Song dynasty period (ca. 1000 AD) is considered to be a masterpiece of the renowned calligrapher Mi Fu. In the Western world, Wuhu is now known as the home city to many adopted Chinese children.

Folklore

An itinerant blacksmith named Tang Tianchi is reputed to have invented the wrought-iron picture in Wuhu, when a painter whom he admired chided him, "You will never make pictures by beating iron."

Another blacksmith of the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 BC) named Gan Jiang was famous for sword making. Zhe Shan (Reddish Brown Hill) is said to get its colour from the flames of Gan Jiang's furnace. Shen Shan (Sacred Hill) is the legendary location of his sword grinding rock and tempering pool.

Cuisine

Wuhu and Anqing are noted centers of the Yanjiang cuisine. It specializes in freshwater fish and poultry, and features special techniques of chopping, shaping, and colouring. The flavour of Yanjiang dishes is often enhanced by sweetening and smoking.

Religion/Medicine

The New York Methodist Mission Society's Superintendent Virgil C. Hart arrived in Wuhu in 1881, intent on purchasing a piece of property to build the city's first Methodist Church and western hospital. V.C. Hart was able to secure the Yichisan Hill before the angered British, who wanted the property to build a consulate and naval base. The Yichisan Hospital is Anhui's oldest/continuous western hospital. Dr. Edgerton H. Hart (V.C. Hart's eldest son) became the hospital's Director in 1895 and continued at that capacity until his death in April 1913. [4]

Tourism

  • Mirror Lake (镜湖)
  • Jiuzi Plaza (鸠兹广场)
  • Yangtze Riverside Park (滨江公园)
  • Mount Zhe, a hill park (赭山)
  • Wuhu Olympic Stadium (奥林匹克体育馆)
  • Yangtze River Bridge Crossing(长江大桥)
  • Fantawild Adventure, one of the largest theme parks in the Chinese Mainland (方特乐园-四座)
  • Phoenix Cuisine Boulevard (凤凰美食街)
  • Sculpture Park(雕塑公园)

Education

Universities and Colleges
  • Anhui Normal University
  • Anhui University of Technology and Science
  • Wannan Medical College
  • Wuhu Radio and TV University (芜湖广播电视大学)
  • Wuhu Institute of Technology (芜湖职业技术学院)
  • Anhui Business College of Vocational Technology (安徽商贸职业技术学院)
  • Anhui Technical College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (安徽机电职业技术学院)
  • Anhui college of Chinese traditional medicine (安徽中医药高等专科学校)
  • Anhui vocational college of information technology (芜湖信息职业学院)
High Schools
  • Wuhu City No. 1 High School(芜湖市第一中学)
  • High School Affiliated to Anhui Normal University(安徽师范大学附属中学)
  • Wuhu County No. 1 High School (芜湖县第一中学)
  • Wuhu City No. 12 High School (芜湖市第十二中学)
  • Fanchang County No. 1 High School (繁昌县第一中学)

Health care system

Notable hospitals
  • Yijishan Hospital (弋矶山医院, or Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College (皖南医学院附属弋矶山医院)
  • Xuancheng Area Hospital (宣城地区人民医院), or Second Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College (皖南医学院第二附属医院)
  • Wuhu Second Hospital (芜湖市第二人民医院)
  • Wuhu First Hospital (芜湖市第一人民医院)
  • Wuhu Third Hospital (芜湖市第三人民医院)
  • Wuhu Fourth Hospital (芜湖市第四人民医院)
  • Wuhu Fifth Hospital (芜湖市第五人民医院)
  • Wuhu Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (芜湖市中医院)
  • Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Wuhu City (芜湖市妇幼保健院)
  • Wuhu Red Cross Hospital (芜湖市红十字医院)
Related health care settings
  • Wuhu CDC (芜湖市疾病预防控制中心)
  • Wuhu Center of Blood (芜湖市中心血站)

Notable people

Notable constructions

Sister cities and friendly cities

References

  1. ^ 芜湖常住人口361.7万人__中国.芜湖. Wuhu People's Government. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  2. ^ "Wuhu ( Anhui ) City Information". hktdc.com. 2010-09-16. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
  3. ^ 芜湖经济技术开发区. Weda.gov.cn. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
  4. ^ "Man On A Mission" by Stanley Crawford

External links

Anhui

Anhui (安徽; formerly romanized as Anhwei) is a landlocked province in Eastern China. Its provincial capital and largest city is Hefei. The province is located across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huai River, bordering Jiangsu to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, Jiangxi to the south, Hubei to the southwest, Henan to the northwest, and Shandong for a short section in the north.

With a population of 62 million, Anhui is the 8th most populous province in China. It is the 22nd largest Chinese province based on area, and the 12th most densely-populated region of all 34 Chinese provincial regions. Anhui's population is mostly composed of Han Chinese. Languages spoken within the province include Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, and the Gan and Wu varieties of Chinese.

The name "Anhui" derives from the names of two cities: Anqing and Huizhou (now Huangshan City). The abbreviation for Anhui is "Chinese: 皖; pinyin: wǎn" after the historical State of Wan, Mount Wan, and the Wan river.

The administration of Anhui is composed of the provincial administrative system, led by the Governor, Provincial Congress, The People's Political Consultative Conference, and Provincial Higher people's Court. Anhui is known as a province with political tradition in China's government system. Aside from managing provincial government departments, the provincial government manages 16 cities, 62 counties, 43 county-level districts and 1,522 townships. By the end of 2016, the population registered in Anhui was 70.27 million.

The total GDP of Anhui Province is listed as 12th of all 31 provincial regions in 2017.

Chizhou

Chizhou (Chinese: 池州; pinyin: Chízhōu) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Anhui province, China. It borders Anqing to the northwest, Tongling and Wuhu to the northeast, Xuancheng to the east, Huangshan to the southeast, and the province of Jiangxi to the southwest.

Mount Jiuhua (Jǐuhuáshān), located in Qingyang county, is one of the four sacred mountains of Chinese buddhism.

In May 1949, the Chizhou Special Administrative Region was established under the jurisdiction of the people's Administrative Office of Southern Anhui and the Chizhou Special Administrative Office in Guichi county.

From February 1952 to May 1965, Chizhou Special Area was abolished, and the counties under its jurisdiction were divided into Anqing Special Area, Huizhou Special Area and Wuhu Special Area respectively.

From May 1965 to January 1980, the Chizhou special zone was set up, directly under Anhui province.

From January 1980 to August 1988, Chizhou Special Area was abolished and counties under its jurisdiction were incorporated into Anqing Special Area, Xuancheng Special Area and Huizhou Special Area.

In August 1988, the Chizhou area was relocated to Anhui province.

On 26 June 2000, Guichi District, Dongzhi County, Qingyang County, Shitai County, Jiuhua Mountain Scenic Area and Chizhou Economic and Technological Development Zone were withdrawn and built.

Fanchang County

Fanchang (Chinese: 繁昌; pinyin: Fánchāng) is a county in the southeast of Anhui Province, China. It is under the administration of Wuhu City.

G4211 Nanjing–Wuhu Expressway

The Nanjing–Wuhu Expressway (Chinese: 南京—芜湖高速公路), commonly referred to as the Ningwu Expressway (Chinese: 宁芜高速公路) is a north-south bound expressway that connects Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu and Wuhu, Anhui. It is an auxiliary route of G42 Shanghai–Chengdu Expressway that connects the parallel G42 and G50 Shanghai-Chongqing Expressway. The expressway spans a length of 75 km (47 mi), passes two provinces and serves the cities of Nanjing, Jiangsu; Ma'anshan, Anhui; and Wuhu, Anhui. The north terminus of G4211 is at Tianbao Bridge in Yuhuatai District, Nanjing, and the south terminus connects to G50 and G5011 Wuhu-Hefei Expressway via a cloverleaf interchange in Wuhu. G4211 is a four-lane limited access tollway for its entire length.

G5011 Wuhu–Hefei Expressway

The Wuhu–Hefei Expressway (Chinese: 芜湖—合肥高速公路), commonly referred to as the Wuhe Expressway (Chinese: 芜合高速公路) is an expressway that connects Wuhu, Anhui, China and Hefei, Anhui. It is a spur of G50 Shanghai–Chongqing Expressway and is completely in Anhui Province.

Guangji Temple (Wuhu)

Guangji Temple (simplified Chinese: 广济寺; traditional Chinese: 廣濟寺; pinyin: Guǎngjì Sì) is a Buddhist temple located on the southwest hillside of Mount Zhe, in Jinghu District of Wuhu, Anhui, China. Alongside Puji Temple, Nengren Temple and Jixiang Temple, Guangji Temple is known as one of the "Four Buddhist Temples in Wuhu". Guangji Temple has been praised as "Little Mount Jiuhua" (小九华). Guangji Temple experienced expansion and repair for many times and now still maintain the basic architectural pattern of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368–1911).

Jinghu District

Jinghu District (simplified Chinese: 镜湖区; traditional Chinese: 鏡湖區; pinyin: Jìnghú Qū) is a district of the city of Wuhu, Anhui Province, China.

Jiujiang District

Jiujiang District (simplified Chinese: 鸠江区; traditional Chinese: 鳩江區; pinyin: Jiūjiāng Qū; literally: 'turtledove river') is a district of the city of Wuhu, Anhui Province, China.

List of administrative divisions of Anhui

Anhui, a province of the People's Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division.

Nanling County

Nanling County (Chinese: 南陵县; pinyin: Nánlíng Xiàn) is a county in the southeast of Anhui Province, China. It is under the administration of Wuhu City.

Sanshan District

Sanshan District (Chinese: 三山区; pinyin: Sānshān Qū) is a district of the city of Wuhu, Anhui Province, located on the southern (right) bank of the Yangtze to the southwest of the city center.

Thomas J. Arnold

Thomas J. Arnold (18 July 1864 – 20 August 1906) was an English Protestant missionary to China in the late nineteenth century during the Qing Dynasty.

Type 074 landing ship

The Type 074 landing ship (NATO reporting name: Yuhai-class) is a class of landing ship medium (LSM) of the People's Liberation Army Navy. They were built at Wuhu Shipyard of Wuhu, Anhui from 1995 to 2000. Although entering service in the mid-1990s, the origin of Type 074 dates to almost three decades earlier in the mid-1960s, and Type 074 is the result of experience learned from around half a dozen models earlier.

Wii Sports Resort

Wii Sports Resort (Wii スポーツ リゾート, Wī Supōtsu Rizōto) is a sports video game developed and published by Nintendo for the Wii video game console, and is a direct sequel to Wii Sports. It is one of the first titles to require the Wii MotionPlus accessory, which was bundled with the game. Wii Sports Resort was first announced at E3 2008 and was released in Japan on June 25, 2009 and in nearly all other regions in the following month. While the game was originally released only as a stand-alone title, as of 2009 the game was bundled with newer Wii consoles, along with Wii Sports.The game was well received by game critics, gaining an aggregate score of 82.94% on GameRankings and 80% on Metacritic. As of March 31, 2019, the game is the third best-selling game on the Wii, after its predecessor Wii Sports and Mario Kart Wii, with 33.10 million copies sold worldwide.

Wuhu County

Wuhu County (simplified Chinese: 芜湖县; traditional Chinese: 蕪湖縣; pinyin: Wúhú Xiàn) is a county in the southeast of Anhui Province, China. It is under the administration of Wuhu City.

Wuhu Metro

Wuhu Metro or Wuhu Rail Transit is a monorail rapid transit system in Wuhu, Anhui, China. Line 1 have been under construction since December 2016, and are scheduled to open by the end of 2020. The first phase of Line 2 started construction in 2018 with completion slated for 2020. Both lines will use Bombardier Innovia Monorail trains manufactured under a JV with CRRC. More lines are being planned.

Wuhu Wanli Airport

Wuhu Wanli Airport (Chinese: 芜湖湾里机场) (IATA: WHU, ICAO: ZSWU), or Wuhu Air Base, is a military air base in the city of Wuhu in Anhui Province, China.

Wuhu Xuancheng Airport

Wuhu Xuancheng Airport is an airport being built to serve the cities of Wuhu and Xuancheng in Anhui Province, China. The airport is located in Wanzhi Town, Wuhu County, about 48 kilometres (30 mi) from downtown Wuhu City and 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Xuancheng. The airport project began in June 2012, and it took four years to select the airport site from the original ten candidates. It received approval from the national government in 2016.

Yijiang District

Yijiang District (Chinese: 弋江区; pinyin: Yìjiāng Qū) is an urban district of the city of Wuhu, Anhui Province, China.

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