World Games

The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meant for sports, or disciplines or events within a sport, that are not contested in the Olympic Games. The World Games are organised and governed by the International World Games Association (IWGA), recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The World Games are held every four years, one year after the Summer Olympic Games. The next host city will be Birmingham, Alabama, USA in 2021.

A number of the sports that were on the programme of The World Games have been discontinued because they are now included in the programme of the Olympic Games, for example badminton, beach volleyball, trampolining, rugby sevens, taekwondo, triathlon, and women's weightlifting. Other sports have been Olympic sports in the past (like tug of war).

Some of the sports that are held at The World Games are acrobatic gymnastics, ultimate, orienteering, karate, powerlifting, finswimming, squash, korfball, billiards, water skiing, and dance sport. The sports that are included in The World Games are limited by the facilities available in the host city; no new facilities may be constructed for the games.[a] Between 25 and 30 sports have been included in the official programme of The World Games. In addition, the IWGA, in coordination with the host city, can invite some sport to participate in the "invitational" programme. No World Games medals are awarded to invitational sports.

To become part of The World Games programme, the sport must be widely spread in the world and the specific international sports federation must be a member of the IWGA. In each sport, only the best athletes or teams may participate, as determined by the international sports federations. In most classes, it is necessary to qualify by a top ranking at the world championships or a qualification tournament to be able to participate.

International World Games Association (IWGA)
First event1981 – Santa Clara, California, United States
Occur every4 years
Last event2017 – Wrocław, Poland
PurposeTo conduct multi-sport events for sports and disciplines that are not contested in the Olympic Games
PresidentJosé Perurena López


Host cities of The World Games
Year Edition Host City Host Country Opened by Athletes Countries Official
Top of the medal table
1981 1 Santa Clara[2]  United States Kim Un-yong 1745 58 15 1  United States
1985 2 London  United Kingdom Charles Palmer 1227 57 20 1  Italy
1989 3 Karlsruhe  West Germany Richard von Weizsäcker 1206 50 17 2  Italy
1993 4 The Hague  Netherlands Beatrix of the Netherlands 2264 72 22 4  Germany
1997 5 Lahti  Finland Martti Ahtisaari 1379 73 22 6  United States
2001 6 Akita  Japan Atsuko Toyama 1968 93 22 5  Russia
2005 7 Duisburg  Germany Otto Schily 2464 93 27 6  Russia
2009 8 Kaohsiung  Chinese Taipei1 Ma Ying-jeou 2536 101 26 5  Russia
2013 9 Cali  Colombia Angelino Garzón 2982 103 26 5  Italy
2017 10 Wrocław  Poland Thomas Bach 3168 102 27 4  Russia
2021 11 Birmingham[3]  United States
2025 12 Chengdu  China

1 The Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan) is recognised as Chinese Taipei by IWGA and the majority of international organisations it participates in due to political considerations and Cross-Strait relations with the People's Republic of China.


These are the official sports/disciplines of The World Games programme.[4]

Artistic and dance sports

Ball sports

Martial arts

Precision sports

Strength sports

Trend sports

Invitational sports

All-time medal table

Through the 2017 World Games

Top ten total medal counts[6][7][8][9][10]
1 Italy153145142440
2 United States142131109382
3 Germany137111138386
4 Russia[b]13711072319
5 France101102105308
6 China685527150
7 Great Britain[c]6189210360
8 Japan553853146
9 Ukraine[d]4736125208
10 Spain424242126
Totals (10 nations)94385910232825
  1. ^ This rule, however, may be honored in the breach. The main stadium for the 2021 World Games in Birmingham, Alabama will be completely new—although its primary post-Games use will be by the American football team of the local University of Alabama at Birmingham.[1]
  2. ^ The Soviet Union, which amassed 36 total medals in 1989, is counted separately from its successor states, including Russia. This is consistent with the separate counting of medals for other states that sub-divided into their constituent successor states following their initial participation in the World Games. These include Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic and Slovakia) and Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro).
  3. ^ The 1981 mixed badminton title was won by a pair of players from Sweden and Great Britain. Both nations are counted as having won a gold medal.
  4. ^ In 2009, Ukraine was stripped of two gold medals in bodybuilding for doping, which are not included here.

See also


  1. ^ Edgemon, Erin (2018-12-12). "Groundbreaking set for BJCC stadium". Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  2. ^ "Santa Clara, USA 1981 Programme Sports". International World Games Association. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  3. ^ Bryant, Joseph D. (January 22, 2015). "Birmingham wins! City chosen as site for 2021 World Games". Retrieved January 22, 2015.
  4. ^ "TWG2017 Documents". Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  5. ^ First time official sport in 2017.
  6. ^ "Results of the World Games". International World Games Association. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
  7. ^ "2009 Kaohsiung: Doping Violations". International World Games Association. Retrieved 2017-11-12.
  8. ^ "The World Games 2009 Kaosiung (sic)". International Sumo Federation. Retrieved 2017-11-12.
  9. ^ "The World Games 2013 Cali Medal Tally". Retrieved 2015-10-26.
  10. ^ "International Sumo Federation – World Games". Retrieved 2015-11-01.

External links

2017 World Games

The 2017 World Games, commonly known as Wrocław 2017, was the tenth World Games, a major international multi-sport event, meant for sports, or disciplines or events within a sport, that were not contested in the Olympic Games, held from 20 to 30 July 2017 in Wrocław, Poland. The World Games were organized by the Wrocław Organizing Committee. Wrocław was selected as the host city in January 2012 in Lausanne, over Budapest, Hungary. It was the first time The World Games was organised in Poland.

Wrocław was the sixth city in Europe after London (1985), Karlsruhe (1989), The Hague (1993), Lahti (1997) and Duisburg (2005) to host The World Games.

A total of 201 events in 27 official sport disciplines were held during the Games. This is the first time that floorball, women's lacrosse, and Muay Thai have been included in The World Games as official sports. Also, a total of 21 events in 4 invitational sports, American football, indoor rowing, kickboxing, and motorcycle speedway were held during the Games.

Beach handball at the World Games

Beach handball is part of the World Games as an invitational sport since the 2001 edition. It has become an official sport of the World Games program since 2013.


The Deaflympics (previously called World Games for the Deaf, and International Games for the Deaf) are an International Olympic Committee (IOC)-sanctioned event at which deaf athletes compete at an elite level. Unlike the athletes in other IOC-sanctioned events (the Olympics, the Paralympics, and the Special Olympics), the Deaflympians cannot be guided by sounds (e.g., the starter's guns, bullhorn commands or referee whistles). The games have been organized by the Comité International des Sports des Sourds (CISS, "The International Committee of Sports for the Deaf") since the first event.

Dennis Orcollo

Dennis Orcollo (born January 28, 1979), sometimes called Dennis Orcullo, is a Filipino professional pool player, nicknamed "Surigao" (after a province in the Philippines) and "RoboCop". He has been called "the Philippines' Money-game King".

Dick Jaspers

Dingeman Jacobus Johannes "Dick" Jaspers (born 23 July 1965) is a Dutch professional carom billiards player who specializes in the three-cushion event.

IWAS World Games

The International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports (IWAS) World Games (or IWAS World Games) are a multi-sport competition for athletes with a disability, which under the former name of the International Stoke Mandeville Games were the forerunner of the Paralympic Games. The competition has been formerly known as the World Wheelchair and Amputee Games, the Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Games, the Stoke Mandeville Games, the World Wheelchair Games, and in the 1960s and 1970s was often referred to as the Wheelchair Olympics.

The Games were originally held in 1948 by neurologist Sir Ludwig Guttmann, who organized a sporting competition involving World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital rehabilitation facility in Aylesbury, England, taking place concurrently with the first post-war Summer Olympics in London. In 1952, the Netherlands joined in the event, creating the first international sports competition for the disabled. In 1960, the Ninth Stoke Mandeville Games were held in Rome, Italy, following that year's Olympic Games. These are considered to be the first Paralympic Games. The 2012 Paralympic mascot Mandeville was named after Stoke Mandeville Hospital.While the Paralympic Games evolved to include athletes from all disability groups, the Stoke Mandeville games continued to be organized as a multi-sport event for wheelchair athletes. Games were held annually in Aylesbury under the direction of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation (ISMGF), which became the International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation (ISMWSF).

In 1999, the World Wheelchair Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand. In 2003, the Games were again held in Christchurch, and combined with a competition for amputee athletes organized by the International Sports Organization for the Disabled. In 2004, ISMWSF and ISOD merged to create the International Wheelchair and Amputee Sports Federation (IWAS). The first games held under the name IWAS World Wheelchair and Amputee Games were held in 2005 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The second IWAS Games were held in 2007 in Chinese Taipei and the third IWAS games were held in Bangalore, India in November 2009.

Jeanette Lee

Jeanette Lee (born Lee Jin-Hee, Hangul: 이진희, July 9, 1971 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American professional pool player. She was nicknamed the Black Widow by her friends because, in spite of her sweet demeanor, she would "eat people alive" when she got to a pool table. Jeanette is an American of Korean descent.

Marlon Manalo

Marlon Manalo (born November 27, 1975 in Mandaluyong City, Philippines) is a former Filipino professional pool player from Mandaluyong City, Philippines. He is currently the League of Barangays of the Philippines Press Relation Officer and ABC president.

Military World Games

The Military World Games is a multi-sport event for military sportspeople, organized by the International Military Sports Council (CISM). The Games have been held since 1995, although championships for separate sports had been held for some years. A winter edition of the games has been recently created, the first edition was organized by the Italian region of Aosta Valley from 20 to 25 of March 2010.

Multi-sport event

A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance is the modern Olympic Games.

Many regional multi-sport events have since been founded on and modeled after the Olympics. Most have the same basic structure. Games are held over the course of several days in and around a "host city", which changes for each competition. Countries send national teams to each competition, consisting of individual athletes and teams that compete in a wide variety of sports. Athletes or teams are awarded gold, silver or bronze medals for first, second and third place respectively. The games are generally held every four years, though some are annual competitions.

Nitro Circus

Nitro Circus is an "action sport collective" led by Travis Pastrana, featuring his friends and him traveling around the world riding dirtbikes, BASE jumping, and performing stunts. Co-founded in 2003 by Pastrana, Nitro Circus has become a media company that produces television programming, documentaries and the Nitro Circus Live tour. In 2016, the company introduced the Nitro World Games, an action sports competition designed around pushing progression in core action sports disciplines like FMX, BMX, skate and scooter. In 2018, Nitro World Games featured the first iteration of Nitro Rallycross, with the goal of bringing that progression to four-wheel motorsports.

Open world

In video games, an open world is a virtual world in which the player can explore and approach objectives freely, as opposed to a world with more linear gameplay. While games have used open-world designs since the 1980s, the implementation in Grand Theft Auto III (2001) set a standard that has been used since.Games with open or free-roaming worlds typically lack the invisible walls and loading screens common in linear level designs. Generally, open-world games still enforce many restrictions in the game environment, either because of absolute technical limitations or in-game limitations imposed by a game's linearity. Examples of high level of autonomy in computer games can be found in massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG) or in single-player games adhering to the open world concept such as the Fallout series. The main appeal of open-world gameplay is that they provide a simulated reality and allow players to develop their character and its behavior in the direction of their choosing. In these cases, there is often no concrete goal or end to the game.

Roller hockey at the World Games

Roller Hockey was introduced as a World Games sport for men at the 1981 World Games in Santa Clara. In 2005 it was replaced by Inline hockey.

South Africa national rugby sevens team

The South African national rugby sevens team competes in the World Rugby Sevens Series, the Rugby World Cup Sevens, the Summer Olympic Games and the Commonwealth Games.

Special Olympics

Special Olympics is the world's largest sports organization for children and adults with intellectual disabilities and physical disabilities, providing year-round training and competitions to 5 million athletes and Unified Sports partners in 172 countries. Special Olympics competitions are held every day, all around the world—including local, national and regional competitions, adding up to more than 100,000 events a year. Like the International Paralympic Committee, the Special Olympics organization is recognized by the International Olympic Committee; however, unlike the Paralympic Games, Special Olympics World Games are not held in the same year or in conjunction with the Olympic Games.

The Special Olympics World Games is a major event put on by the Special Olympics. The World Games alternate between summer and winter games, in two-year cycles, recurring every fourth year. The first games were held on July 20, 1968 in Chicago, Illinois, with about 1000 athletes from the U.S. and Canada. International participation expanded in subsequent games. In 2003, the first summer games held outside the United States were in Dublin, Ireland with 7000 athletes from 150 countries. The most recent World Summer Games were held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates from March 14 to 21 2019. This was the first Special Olympics World Games to be held in the Middle East. The next World Summer Games will be held in Berlin, Germany in 2023. This will be the first time that Germany has ever hosted the Special Olympics World Games.The first World Winter Games were held in 1977 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado. Austria hosted the first Winter Games outside the United States in 1993. The most recent Special Olympics World Winter Games were held in Graz, Schladming and Ramsau, Austria from March 14, 2017 to March 25, 2017 (see also 2017 Special Olympics World Winter Games). During the World Winter Games of 2013 in Pyeongchang, South Korea the first Special Olympics Global Development Summit was held on "Ending the Cycle of Poverty and Exclusion for People with Intellectual Disabilities," gathering government officials, activists and business leaders from around the world.

The next World Winter Games will be held in Åre and Östersund, Sweden between February 2 to 13 2021. This will be the first time that Sweden has ever hosted the Special Olympics.

Special Olympics World Games

The Special Olympics World Games are an international sporting competition for athletes with intellectual disabilities, organized by the IOC-recognised Special Olympics organisation.

Thomas Engert

Thomas Engert is a German professional pool player. Engert won the 2004 International Challenge of Champions beating fellow German Thorsten Hohmann in the finals. When he returned to the tournament one year later, Engert was close to winning it for the second consecutive time but Chao Fong-pang, who was then the two-time winner of the event, defeated him in the finals.Also in 2004, Engert won the World Pool Masters Tournament over another fellow German, Oliver Ortmann.

In the 2006 World Straight Pool Championship, Engert made his way into the final but loss to Thorsten Hohmann by a score of 200-80 [1]. In 2007, Engert won the World Pool Masters for the second time. This included him with Francisco Bustamante and Ralf Souquet who won the event more than once.

Thorsten Hohmann

Thorsten Hohmann (born July 14, 1979 in Fulda, West Germany) is a German professional pool player, nicknamed "the Hitman." He is a three-time world champion, winning the WPA World Nine-ball Championship in 2003, and 2013, and five-time World Straight pool champion, winning in 2006, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2018.

Track and field at the Military World Games

Track and field is one of the sports at the quadrennial Military World Games competition. Track and field competitions have been held at every one of the eleven editions of the Military World Games, which was inaugurated in 1995.

World Games
Artistic and dance sports
Ball sports
Martial arts
Precision sports
Strength sports
Trend sports
Past sports
Demo sports
Official sports
Past sports
Demonstration sports

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