World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

The World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (usually abbreviated to WCSP) is an "international collaborative programme that provides the latest peer reviewed and published opinions on the accepted scientific names and synonyms of selected plant families."[1] Maintained by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, it is available online, allowing searches for the names of families, genera and species, as well as the ability to create checklists.

The project traces its history to work done in the 1990s by Kew researcher Rafaël Govaerts on a checklist of the genus Quercus. Influenced by the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, the project expanded. As of January 2013, 173 families of seed plants were included.[1] Coverage of monocotyledon families is complete; other families are being added.[2]

There is a complementary project called the International Plant Names Index (IPNI), in which Kew is also involved. The IPNI aims to provide details of publication and does not aim to determine which are accepted species names. After a delay of about a year, newly published names are automatically added from the IPNI to the WCSP.[2] The WCSP is also one of the underlying databases for The Plant List, created by Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden, which was unveiled in 2010.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-01-06
  2. ^ a b "About the Checklist", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-01-06
  3. ^ World's Largest Plants Database Assembled, Discovery News, 2010

External links

Amana (plant)

Amana is a small genus of flowering bulbs in the lily family, closely related to tulips and included in Tulipa by some authors. Amana is found in China, Japan and Korea. As of June 2012 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognizes four species, three of which were formerly placed in the genus Tulipa:

Amana anhuiensis (X.S.Shen) Christenh., syn. Tulipa anhuiensis X.S.Shen

Amana edulis (Miq.) Honda, syn. Tulipa edulis (Miq.) Baker

Amana erythronioides (Baker) D.Y.Tan & D.Y.Hong, syn. Tulipa erythronioides Baker

Amana kuocangshanica D.Y.Tan & D.Y.Hong

Baissea

Baissea is a genus of plant in the Apocynaceae family found in tropical Africa. As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 18 species:

Species

Coccothrinax miraguama

Coccothrinax miraguama is a palm which is endemic to Cuba.Three subspecies are recognised: C. miraguama subsp. havanensis, C. miraguama subsp. miraguama, and C. miraguama subsp. roseocarpa.

Dendrobium bigibbum

Dendrobium bigibbum, commonly known as the Cooktown orchid or mauve butterfly orchid, is an epiphytic or lithophytic orchid in the family Orchidaceae. It has cylindrical pseudobulbs, each with between three and five green or purplish leaves and arching flowering stems with up to twenty, usually lilac-purple flowers. It occurs in tropical North Queensland, Australia and New Guinea.

There are four varieties of this orchid, each of which has previously been considered a separate species.

EMonocot

eMonocot is a collaborative global, online, biodiversity information resource provided by a number of botanical organisations to create a database on Monocotyledons. Participating institutions, all in England, are the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew, the University of Oxford, the Natural History Museum and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC).

Funding of the project which includes information on over 250,000 taxa is provided through NERC. Taxonomists from around the world contribute data, although the backbone of the resource is the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Data is imported and compiled from a large number of international databases and resources.

Fagales

The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best-known trees. The order name is derived from genus Fagus, beeches. They belong among the rosid group of dicotyledons. The families and genera currently included are as follows:

Betulaceae - birch family (Alnus, Betula, Carpinus, Corylus, Ostrya, Ostryopsis)

Casuarinaceae - she-oak family (Allocasuarina, Casuarina, Ceuthostoma, Gymnostoma)

Fagaceae - beech family (Castanea, Castanopsis, Chrysolepis, Colombobalanus, Fagus, Lithocarpus, Notholithocarpus, Quercus)

Juglandaceae - walnut family (Alfaroa, Carya, Cyclocarya, Engelhardia, Juglans, Oreomunnea, Platycarya, Pterocarya, Rhoiptelea)

Myricaceae - bayberry family (Canacomyrica, Comptonia, Myrica)

Nothofagaceae - southern beech family (Fuscospora, Lophozonia, Nothofagus, Trisyngyne)

Ticodendraceae - ticodendron family (Ticodendron)The older Cronquist system only included four families (Betulaceae, Corylaceae, Fagaceae, Ticodendraceae; Corylaceae now being included within Betulaceae); this arrangement is followed by, for example, the World Checklist of selected plant families. The other families were split into three different orders, placed among the Hamamelidae. The Casuarinales comprised the single family Casuarinaceae, the Juglandales comprised the Juglandaceae and Rhoipteleaceae, and the Myricales comprised the remaining forms (plus Balanops). The change is due to studies suggesting the Myricales, so defined, are paraphyletic to the other two groups.

Holarrhena

Holarrhena is a genus of plant in the Apocynaceae family first described as a genus in 1810. It is native to tropical and southern Africa as well as south, east, and southeast Asia. As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 5 species:

SpeciesHolarrhena congolensis Stapf - Zaïre

Holarrhena curtisii King & Gamble - Indochina

Holarrhena floribunda (G.Don) T.Durand & Schinz - western + central Africa

Holarrhena mitis (Vahl) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. - Sri Lanka

Holarrhena pubescens Wall. - eastern, southern + central Africa; Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, parts of China

Hyacinth (plant)

Hyacinthus is a small genus of bulbous, fragrant flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae. These are commonly called hyacinths . The genus is native to the eastern Mediterranean (from the south of Turkey through to northern part of the region of Palestine).Several species of Brodiea, Scilla, and other plants that were formerly classified in the lily family and have flower clusters borne along the stalk also have common names with the word "hyacinth" in them. Hyacinths should also not be confused with the genus Muscari, which are commonly known as grape hyacinths.

List of Aiphanes species

This is a list of Aiphanes species. Aiphanes is a genus of spiny palms which is native to tropical regions of South America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

List of Attalea species

This is a list of Attalea species, a genus in the Arecaceae, the palm family.

List of palms native to the Caribbean

Palms are symbolically important in the Caribbean, appearing on the coats of arms of several Caribbean nations and on the flag of the West Indies cricket team. In 2004, Carlo Morici reported that there are about 191 genera and 2339 species of Arecaceae, the palm family. Their distribution is biased toward islands - 36% of genera and 52% of species are found only on islands, while 32% of genera and 6% of species are found only on continents. Sixty-two percent of monotypic genera are found only on islands.Phytogeographically, the Caribbean region is often considered to include the coastal plains of the United States (including south Florida), Mexico (especially the Yucatan), Belize, Colombia and Venezuela. Most species either have a wide distribution which includes part of the Caribbean, or are endemic to the Greater Antilles. Of the islands in the Caribbean, Cuba has the most species of palm, followed by Hispaniola. The Windward and Leeward Islands have the fewest. The palm flora of Trinidad and Tobago consists primarily of species with a South American distribution. Three genera of palm are endemic to the Greater Antilles: Calyptronoma, Hemithrinax and Zombia. Although nearly ubiquitous in the region, the coconut (Cocos nucifera) is not native to the Caribbean. The Caribbean species in the genus Copernicia are all Greater Antillean endemics; two species are restricted to Hispaniola, while the others are restricted to Cuba.

List of trees of the Caribbean

Prior to European settlement, the Caribbean was dominated by forested ecosystems. The insular Caribbean has been considered a biodiversity hotspot. Although species diversity is lower than on mainland systems, endemism is high.

Species diversity is highest and endemism is lowest in Trinidad, which has a predominantly continental flora. Endemism is highest in Cuba and Hispaniola, the largest members of the Greater Antilles.

Prostanthera prostantheroides

Prostanthera prostantheroides is a plant in the family Lamiaceae, found only in West Australia. It was formerly treated as one of two species in the genus Wrixonia, now included in Prostanthera by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Rafaël Govaerts

Rafaël Herman Anna Govaerts (born 1968) is a Belgian botanist. He is particularly noted for his work on plant taxonomy.

He has worked at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew since the 1990s, and is the principal contributor to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

The Plant List

The Plant List is a list of botanical names of species of plants created by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden and launched in 2010. It was intended to be a comprehensive record of all known names of plant species over time.

In October 2012, the follow-up project World Flora Online was launched with the aim to publish an online flora of all known plants by 2020.There is a complementary project called the International Plant Names Index, in which Kew is also involved. The IPNI aims to provide details of publication and does not aim to determine which are accepted species names. Newly published names are automatically added from IPNI to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, a database which underlies the Plant List.

Voacanga

Voacanga is a genus of plants in the Apocynaceae family found in Africa, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Australia. As of August 2013 the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognises 13 species:

SpeciesVoacanga africana Stapf ex Scott-Elliot - tropical W + C + E + S Africa

Voacanga bracteata Stapf - tropical W + C Africa

Voacanga caudiflora Stapf - tropical W Africa

Voacanga chalotiana Pierre ex Stapf - tropical C Africa

Voacanga foetida (Blume) Rolfe -Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Philippines

Voacanga globosa (Blanco) Merr. - Philippines

Voacanga gracilipes (Miq.) Markgr. - Maluku

Voacanga grandifolia (Miq.) Rolfe - Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Queensland

Voacanga havilandii Ridl. - Sarawak

Voacanga megacarpa Merr. - Philippines

Voacanga pachyceras Leeuwenb. - Zaïre

Voacanga psilocalyx Pierre ex Stapf - Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of Congo

Voacanga thouarsii Roem. & Schult. Madagascar; widespread from Cape Province to Sudan + Senegalformerly includedVoacanga dichotoma = Tabernaemontana pachysiphon

Voacanga plumeriifolia = Tabernaemontana macrocarpa

World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions

The World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (WGSRPD) is a biogeographical system developed by the international Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG) organization, formerly the International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases. The WGSRPD standards, like other standards for data fields in botanical databases, were developed to promote "the wider and more effective dissemination of information about the world's heritage of biological organisms for the benefit of the world at large". The system provides clear definitions and codes for recording plant distributions at four scales or levels, from "botanical continents" down to parts of large countries. Current users of the system include the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), and the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP).

× Amarcrinum

The scientific name × Amarcrinum is applied to those hybrid plants obtained from artificial crosses between the genera Amaryllis and Crinum, although as of March 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families regards the name as "unplaced". They are grown as ornamental plants in gardens.

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