Wooler

Wooler (/ˈwʊlər/ WUUL-ər) is a small town in Northumberland, England. It lies on the edge of the Northumberland National Park, near the Cheviot Hills. It is a popular base for walkers and is referred to as the "Gateway to the Cheviots". As well as many shops and pubs, the town has a youth hostel, many hotels, and campsites. It lies on the St. Cuthbert's Way long-distance footpath between Melrose Abbey and Lindisfarne.

The main A697 links the town with Morpeth and Coldstream on the Scottish Border. Wooler has two schools; Wooler First School (including Little Acorns Nursery) and Glendale Community Middle School. The schools and nursery share a single campus on Brewery Road (from September 2015) providing education for children in the Glendale area from 2 years old to 13 years old.

Close by is Yeavering Bell, crowned by a large Iron Age fort, a stronghold of the Votadini. The remnants of many stone huts can be seen on its summit.

Wooler
Wooler Town Centre - geograph.org.uk - 240656

Wooler Town Centre
Wooler is located in Northumberland
Wooler
Wooler
Location within Northumberland
Population1,983 (2011 census(including Earle))[1]
OS grid referenceNT989280
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWOOLER
Postcode districtNE71
Dialling code01668
PoliceNorthumbria
FireNorthumberland
AmbulanceNorth East
EU ParliamentNorth East England
UK Parliament

History

Wooler was not recorded in the Domesday Book, because when the book was written in 1086, northern Northumbria was not under Norman control. However, by 1107, at the time of the creation of the 1st Baron of Wooler, the settlement was described as "situated in an ill-cultivated country under the influence of vast mountains, from whence it is subject to impetuous rains". Wooler subsequently enjoyed a period of prosperity and with its expansion it was granted a licence in 1199 to hold a market every Thursday. The St. Mary Magdalene Hospital was established around 1288.

Wooler is close to Humbleton Hill, the site of a severe Scottish defeat at the hands of Harry Hotspur in 1402. This battle is referred to at the beginning of William Shakespeare's play Henry IV, Part 1 – of which Hotspur is the dashing hero.

Wooler also used to have a drill hall that was the local "picture house" which children were evacuated to in World War II. There also used to be a fountain situated at the top of Church Street in the town.[2]

Alexander Dalziel of Wooler (1781–1832) was the father of the celebrated Dalziel Brothers. Seven of his eight sons were artists, and became celebrated engravers in London.[3] Their sister Margaret was also an engraver.

Between 1887 and 1965 the town was served by Wooler railway station on the Alnwick to Cornhill Branch.

Places of worship

Wooler has several places of worship including:

At one time, there was also a Methodist congregation in Wooler. The old Methodist chapel on Cheviot Street is now the Glendale Hall.

Meaning of place-name

Wooler may be from Old English wella "well, spring" and ofer (ridge, hill). A record of the name as Welnfver in 1186 seems to suggest this origin. The well or spring referred to is the River Till. The Wooler Water, part of which is also known as Happy Valley, is a tributary of the River Till and is formed by a confluence of the Harthope and Carey Burns which rise in the Cheviot Hills, to the south of Wooler.

Another possible origin is "Wulfa's hillside", from the Old English personal name Wulfa "wolf" and őra "hillside, slope", although this word in place-names usually means "river mouth, shore". A record of the name as Wulloir in 1232 may suggest this origin. It is not certain which is the actual origin.

Governance

An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward stretches from the Scottish Border south-east to Ingram with a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 4,266.[9]

References

  1. ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  2. ^ http://www.wooler.org.uk/history.htm wooler.org.uk
  3. ^ The Dalziel Brothers - National Portrait Gallery
  4. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Wooler (1042332)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Wooler United Reformed Church (1392233)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Roman Catholic Church of St Ninian, Wooler (1304105)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  7. ^ "New church welcomed". Northumberland Gazette. 15 July 2003. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Wooler Evangelical Church" (church website). Self-published. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 3 July 2015.

External links

1927 Brixton by-election

The Brixton by-election was held on the 27 June 1927 following the elevation to the peerage of Davison Dalziel, he became Lord Dalziel of Wooler. The Conservative Party retained the seat with a reduced majority of 4,326.

Alan Wooler

Alan Wooler (born 17 August 1953) is an English former footballer who played as a defender in England for Weymouth, Reading, West Ham United, Aldershot, Leatherhead and Farnborough Town. He also played in Finland for Malmin Palloseura, Finnairin Palloilijat and HJK Helsinki and in the USA in the NASL for the Boston Minutemen. He was manager for the Millwall affiliate ladies team the Millwall Lionesses.

Back Porch Records

Back Porch Records is an Americana/roots rock label owned by Universal Music Group.

The label was started in 1997 as joint venture between Virgin Records and Milwaukee-based Narada Productions. The label's initial releases, including the I-10 Chronicles compilations, were produced by Virgin Records executives Ken Peterson and John Wooler. Roughly three years after launch, Peterson and Wooler left Virgin Records and the label became a full-time concern for Narada.

The Milwaukee-based label was run by Narada president Wesley Van Linda, who appointed Rich Denhart (VP of A&R) and Mike Bailey (Label Manager/A&R) to head Back Porch. In 2005, David Neidhart succeeded the retiring Van Linda as head of Narada Productions and, along with Denhart and Bailey, oversaw albums by the Subdudes, Alejandro Escovedo, Over the Rhine, The Neville Brothers, John Hammond, Frank Black, Charlie Sexton, Shannon McNally, and Carrie Rodriguez.

In 2006, EMI closed the Narada offices in Milwaukee. Some Back Porch employees remained with EMI and became part of the Blue Note Label Group (Blue Note Records, Manhattan Records, Narada Productions, Higher Octave Music, Back Porch Records) in New York City headed by Bruce Lundvall and Ian Ralfini. Ralfini and Mike Bailey consolidated the rosters of Manhattan and Back Porch and released albums by Emerson Hart, Rosanne Cash, Alejandro Escovedo, Van Morrison, and Carrie Rodriguez.In 2009, Mike Bailey, who remained the labels one constant throughout its duration, left EMI. Back Porch is a dormant imprint. The catalog is part of EMI Music.

Bob Wooler

Frederick James "Bob" Wooler (born 19 January 1926, Liverpool – died 8 February 2002, Liverpool) was most notable for being instrumental in introducing The Beatles to their manager, Brian Epstein, and as the DJ at The Cavern Club.

Charles Wooler

Charles Robert Dudley Wooler (born June 30, 1930 in Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia) was a first-class cricketer who played for the Leicestershire County Cricket Club in England and the Rhodesia cricket team which competed in the Currie Cup.

Wooler was a right-arm fast-medium pace bowler and started his first-class career at Leicestershire. After making his debut in a non-championship match against Northamptonshire in 1949, he earned a regular spot in the team for the 1950 County Championship season. He finished the summer with 54 wickets at 31.31. His average would have been better had he not bowled in a match against the touring West Indians who amassed 2/682 declared in their first innings. Frank Worrell and Everton Weekes both scored double hundreds while teammate Roy Marshall fell for 188. Wooler took 0/103 from his 28 overs.He took exactly 50 wickets the following summer, at a slightly better average of 28.20. His 100th first-class wicket was that of Kent all-rounder Alan Shirreff.When the summer ended, Wooler traveled to Rhodesia and represented their team in the 1951/52 Currie Cup. He managed 23 wickets at 32.34 in first-class matches for Rhodesia, with perhaps the biggest of those scalps being his last ever, Denis Compton of the Marylebone Cricket Club.

Chatton transmitting station

The Chatton transmitting station is a broadcasting and telecommunications facility, between Wooler and Seahouses, Northumberland. It is owned and operated by Arqiva, and situated within the boundary of Bewick and Beanley Moors SSSI.

Cornhill Branch

The Cornhill Branch was a 35.5-mile (57 km) single track branch railway line in Northumberland, England, that ran from Alnwick on the terminus of the three mile long Alnmouth to Alnwick line via ten intermediate stations to a junction on the Tweedmouth to Kelso Branch line at Cornhill-on-Tweed.

Davison Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Wooler

Davison Alexander Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Wooler (17 October 1852 – 18 April 1928), known as Sir Davison Dalziel, Bt, between 1919 and 1928, was a British newspaper owner and Conservative Party politician. He sat in the House of Commons between 1910 and 1927, before a brief period in the House of Lords. He was the founder of Dalziel's News Agency.

John Wooler

John Wooler (born 1958) is a producer, former record label executive, and co-founder of Exolution. With 25 years of worldwide music industry experience, he worked for almost 20 years as an executive at Virgin Records where he founded Point Blank Records.He was responsible for signing and producing artists such as Van Morrison, Charlie Watts from the Rolling Stones, John Lee Hooker and John P. Hammond.He is an owner of the artist representation and production company Exolution, and is a professor of music industry at Cal Poly Pomona.

NE postcode area

The NE postcode area, also known as the Newcastle upon Tyne postcode area, is a group of postcode districts around Alnwick, Ashington, Bamburgh, Bedlington, Belford, Blaydon-on-Tyne, Blyth, Boldon Colliery, Chathill, Choppington, Corbridge, Cramlington, East Boldon, Gateshead, Haltwhistle, Hebburn, Hexham, Jarrow, Morpeth, Newbiggin-by-the-Sea, Newcastle upon Tyne, North Shields, Prudhoe, Riding Mill, Rowlands Gill, Ryton, Seahouses, South Shields, Stocksfield, Wallsend, Washington, Whitley Bay, Wooler and Wylam in England. The Newcastle Upon Tyne postcode area covers the largest area of North East England. The other postcode areas of the North East being the SR, TS, DL, DH and TD (Berwick, Cornhill, and Mindrum within England) postcodes. It incorporates the Tyneside area of Tyne and Wear, as well as most of Northumberland (apart from the Berwick area in the far north of the county). The Newcastle upon Tyne postcode area had a census return population of 1,162,976 and the area is the UK's fifth most populated postcode region.

The original NE postal district created in 1858 was in North East London, but this was abolished in 1866 (along with the S postcode, which later became the Sheffield postcode area); parts were transferred to the N and E districts, while others were removed from the London postal district altogether.

Northumberland Gazette

The Northumberland Gazette is a weekly newspaper published in Alnwick, Northumberland, England. It serves Alnwick, Amble, Seahouses, Rothbury, Wooler and outlying districts.

The Gazette typically covers local news, sport, leisure and farming issues. It also prints opinion pieces, reader letters, and classified advertisements, and contains a property and real estate pull-out section. Its publisher, Northeast Press, is a division of Johnston Press plc.

Point Blank Records

Point Blank Records is a record label subsidiary of Virgin Records.

Point Blank Records was founded in 1988 by John Wooler. Wooler served as Deputy Head of A&R at Virgin Records UK from 1984 to 1994 and Senior Vice President of Virgin Records US from 1994 to 2002. He had a passion for blues, Americana and soul. His manager, Simon Draper, granted him a small budget to create the label. The first act signed to the record label was Larry McCray followed by Albert Collins and The Kinsey Report. Artists such as John Lee Hooker, Solomon Burke, Pops Staples, John Hammond, Walter "Wolfman" Washington, Van Morrison, and Johnny Winter were later signed to the label as well. Wooler signed all the musicians on the label and produced many of them.

Quinte West

Quinte West is a city, geographically located in but administratively separated from Hastings County, in Southern Ontario, Canada. It is located on the western end of the Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario. The Lake Ontario terminus of the Trent–Severn Waterway is located in the municipality.

River Till, Northumberland

The River Till is a river of north-eastern Northumberland. It is a tributary of the River Tweed, of which it is the only major tributary to flow wholly in England. The upper part of the Till, which rises on Comb Fell in the Cheviots, is known as the River Breamish.

Its tributaries include Wooler Water, which originates in the Cheviot Hills, and the River Glen in Glendale.

It meets the Tweed near Berwick-upon-Tweed and Twizell Bridge. According to local folklore:

Tweed said to Till

"What gars ye rin sae stil?"

Says Till to Tweed,

"Though ye rin wi' speed

And I rin slaw

Whar ye droon yin man

I droon twa"Recent environmental projects have included an attempt to conserve the native brown trout.

The Black Dwarf

The Black Dwarf (1817–1824) was a satirical radical journal of early 19th century Britain. It was published by Thomas Jonathan Wooler, starting in January 1817 as an eight-page newspaper, then later becoming a 32-page pamphlet. It was priced at 4d a week until the Six Acts brought in by the Government in 1819 to suppress radical unrest forced a price increase to 6d. In 1819 it was selling in issues of roughly 12,000 to working people such as James Wilson at a time when the reputable upper-middle class journal Blackwood's Magazine sold in issues of roughly 4,000 copies.

Thomas Jonathan Wooler

The publisher Thomas Jonathan Wooler (1786 – 29 October 1853) was active in the Radical movement of early 19th century Britain, best known for his satirical journal The Black Dwarf.

He was born in Yorkshire and lived there for a short time before moving to London as a printer's apprentice. He worked for the radical journal The Reasoner, then became editor of The Statesman. His interest in legal matters led him to write and publish the pamphlet An Appeal to the Citizens of London against the Packing of Special Juries in 1817.

In response to the Gagging Acts (Treason Act 1817 and Seditious Meetings Act 1817) passed by the British government in January 1817, Wooler started publishing The Black Dwarf as a new radical unstamped (untaxed) journal. Within three months, he was arrested and charged with seditious libel. The prosecution claimed that Wooler had written articles libelling Lord Liverpool's government, but Wooler, defending himself, convinced the jury that, although he had published the article, he had not written it himself, and therefore was not guilty. He continued to publish The Black Dwarf and to use it to argue for parliamentary reform.

Wooler was an active supporter of Major John Cartwright and his Hampden Club movement. In 1819, he joined the campaign to elect Sir Charles Wolseley to represent Birmingham in the House of Commons. Birmingham had not been given permission to have an election, and the campaigners were arrested and charged with "forming a seditious conspiracy to elect a representative to Parliament without lawful authority". Wooler was found guilty and sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment.

After his most prominent patron, John Cartwright, died in 1824, Wooler gave up publishing the Black Dwarf. For a while, he edited the British Gazette, but, after the Reform Act 1832 was passed, he gave up politics to become a lawyer. Wooler went on to write books and pamphlets on the British legal system, including Every Man his Own Lawyer in 1845.

Wilf Wooller

Wilfred Wooller (20 November 1912 – 10 March 1997) was a Welsh cricketer, rugby union footballer, cricket administrator and journalist.

He was acclaimed as one of the greatest all-round sportsmen that Wales has ever produced. He captained Glamorgan County Cricket Club for 14 years, was Secretary for thirty and President for six.

Wooler (motorcycles)

Wooler was a British manufacturer of motorcycles and automobiles, founded by engineer John Wooler in 1911 based in Alperton, Middlesex. The company became known for its unconventional designs which included several fore-and-aft twins, a vertical camshaft single cylinder machine, a transverse-four beam engine, and a transverse flat four. Most machines possessed Wooler's enduring design features of a petrol tank which extended past the steering head.

In 1919-1920 the Wooler Mule cyclecar was manufactured until the company was reformed.

Wooler railway station

Wooler railway station was a stone-built railway station serving the town of Wooler in Northumberland. It was on the Alnwick to Cornhill Branch which ran from Alnwick to Cornhill Junction on the Kelso line near Coldstream.

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