Women's lacrosse

Women's lacrosse (or girls' lacrosse), sometimes shortened to lax, is a sport with twelve players on each team. Originally played by indigenous peoples of the Americas, the modern women's game was introduced in 1890 at the St Leonard's School in St Andrews, Scotland. The rules of women's lacrosse differ significantly from men's field lacrosse.

The object of the game is to use a long-handled stick (known as a crosse or lacrosse stick) to catch, cradle, and pass a solid rubber lacrosse ball in an effort to score by hurling the ball into an opponent's goal. Cradling is when a player moves their wrists and arms in a semi-circular motion to keep the ball in the pocket of the stick's head using centripetal force[1]. The head of the lacrosse stick has a mesh or leather net strung into it that allows the player to hold the ball. Defensively, the object is to keep the opposing team from scoring and to dispossess them of the ball through the use of stick checking and body positioning. The rules of women's lacrosse are different from the men's lacrosse game. Equipment required to play is also different from the men's. In the United States, women are only required to wear eyewear or lacrosse goggles and a mouth guard. Internationally, women are only required to wear a mouthguard, and have the option to play without protective goggles. The stick has restrictions too, as it must be a certain length and the pocket must be shallow enough to show the ball above the side when held at eye level.

At the collegiate level in the United States, lacrosse is represented by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), which conducts three NCAA Women's Lacrosse Championships, one for each of its competitive divisions, each spring. Internationally, women's lacrosse has a thirty-one-member governing body called the Federation of International Lacrosse, which sponsors the Women's Lacrosse World Cup once every four years.

Women's lacrosse
Womens lacrosse1
First playedMay 17, 1890, at St Leonards School in Scotland
Characteristics
ContactLimited contact
Team members12 at a time, 1 goalie and 11 players
EquipmentLacrosse ball, lacrosse stick, goggles, mouthguard
Presence
OlympicNo
World Games2017

History

Lacrosse is a traditional Native American game, which was first witnessed by Europeans when French Jesuit missionaries in the St. Lawrence Valley witnessed the game in the 1630s.[2][3] The games were sometimes major events that could last several days. As many as 100 to 1,000 men from opposing villages or tribes would participate.[4] Native American lacrosse describes a broad variety of stick-and-ball games played by them.[5] Geography and tribal customs dictated the extent to which women participated in these early games:

"Lacrosse, as women play it, is an orderly pastime that has little in common with the men's tribal warfare version except the long-handled racket or crosse (stick) that gives the sport its name. It's true that the object in both the men's and women's lacrosse is to send a ball through a goal by means of the racket, but whereas men resort to brute strength the women depend solely on skill." Rosabelle Sinclair[6]

The first modern women's lacrosse game was played in 1890 at the St Leonards School in Scotland, where women's lacrosse had been introduced by Louisa Lumsden. Lumsden brought the game to Scotland after watching a men's lacrosse game between the Canghuwaya (probably Caughnawaga) Indians and the Montreal Lacrosse Club.[7] A British school teacher, Cara Gascoigne, at Sweet Briar College, started club lacrosse at that college in 1914.[8] One of Lumsden's students, Rosabelle Sinclair, established the first women's lacrosse team in the United States at the Bryn Mawr School in Baltimore, Maryland in 1926.[9] The first women's intercollegiate game was held between Sweet Briar College and The College of William and Mary in 1941.[10]

Until the mid-1930s, women's and men's field lacrosse were played under virtually the same rules, with no protective equipment. In the United States, the formation of the U.S. Women's Lacrosse Association led to a change in these rules.

Rules

Lacrosse catch1
A women's lacrosse player goes for a catch

Women’s lacrosse is played with a team of 12 players, including the goalkeeper during usual play. The ball used is typically yellow, unless both teams agree to use a different coloured ball. The duration of the game is 60 minutes, with two halves. Halftime is ten minutes unless both the coaches agree on less than ten minutes prior to the start of the game. Each team is allowed two 90-second team time-outs per game (two 2-minute timeouts in the USA). In the USA, a time-out may be requested by the head coach or any player on the field after a goal is scored or any time the requestor's team is in clear possession of the ball. If a possession timeout is called, players must leave their sticks in place on the field and return to that same place for the restart of play. No substitutions are allowed during this stoppage of play.

The rules of women's lacrosse differ significantly from men's lacrosse. The details that follow are the USA college rules. International women's lacrosse rules are slightly different.[11]

The women's lacrosse game saw numerous rule changes in 2000.[12] Modifications included limiting the number of players allowed between the two restraining lines on the draw to five players per team. Stick modifications have led to offset heads, which allow the women's game to move faster and makes stick moves and tricks easier. In 2002, goggles became mandatory equipment in the United States (but not a requirement in international rules). In 2006, hard boundaries were adopted.

In 2013 the rules for women's NCAA lacrosse changed a defensive rule that made the game more similar to that of the men's. Players in their defending end of the field may run through any portion of the crease (8 meter circle around the goal) as long as their team is not in possession of the ball for as long as three seconds. Players that are on attack are allowed to run through the crease, but only in collegiate games; high school players are not allowed through the goalie crease. Only the defensive player who is directly marking the ball carrier within a stick’s length may remain in the crease while defending. This rule evolved the game to a point where the defense had more equality in play with both the attackers, and compared to the men's game.[13]

In 2015, for the 2016 season, there were a few other major rule changes. Players are now allowed to kick the ball in order to get it out of traffic. Also, players are now allowed to self-start after an opposing player commits a minor foul against them.

In 2016, for the 2017 season, Division I implemented a 90-second possession shot clock, which was added to Divisions II and III in the following year.

In the summer of 2017, the NCAA added more major changes. Prior to the newest addition, all players needed to stop play upon whistle of the referee. Play was resumed upon another whistle or continuation by self-start. Now, free movement has been implemented, meaning upon the whistle for a foul, play does not stop unless for halftime or the end of the game–this is similar to soccer. For the draw now only 3 players will be allowed into the midfield area until possession has been established.[14]

Players

Traditionally, women played with three attackers (starting with the position closest to the net that a team is shooting at, the attack positions are called "first home", "second home", and "third home"), five midfielders (a "right attack wing", a "left attack wing", a "right defensive wing", a "left defensive wing", and a "center"), three defenders (starting from the position closest to the net a team is defending, these positions are called "point", "cover point", and "third man"), and one goalie.[15] The positions used to be pinned on the players, and the players used to be required to be marked on defense by their opposite number (third man or "3M" covering the opposing third home "3H").

Today, under North American rules, seven players play attack at one time and seven defenders are present.[15] Generally, a team has four attackers, four close defenders, and three midfielders. There is a restraining line that keeps the four defensive players (plus the goalie) from going into the attack, or four attackers from going into the defensive zone. If those players cross the line and participate in the play, they are considered offside and a major foul is called.[15]

Equipment

Women's lacrosse rules are specifically designed to limit physical contact between players. As a result of the lack of contact, the only protective equipment required are a mouth guard and face guard/goggles. Although headgear is not required, except for Florida where its mandatory for girls lacrosse players to wear a head gear, it is considered to new lacrosse players due to the risk of head injury. This caused by the round rubber ball used in the sport.[15][16] Players must wear eye protection according to US Lacrosse rules. All field players must properly wear eye protection that meets ASTM specification standard F803 for women's adult/ youth lacrosse for the appropriate level of play.[17] All players must wear a professionally manufactured intra-oral mouthpiece that fully covers the teeth. The mouthguard must include portions protecting and separating the biting surfaces and protecting the teeth and supporting structures and has to cover he posterior teeth with adequate thickness.[18] No protruding tabs are allowed for field players. In addition, players may choose to wear gloves, and jewelry is not allowed to be worn. Although the rules specify these types of protection, injuries still occur from accidental checks to the head and the overall nature of the sport. Players must wear composition or rubber soled shoes. No spikes are allowed. Plastic, leather, or rubber cleats-studs may be worn. Shoes and socks are not required to be identical for team members. The pockets of women's sticks are shallower than those of the men, making the ball more difficult to catch and to shoot at high speed. The pockets also make it harder to cradle without dropping the ball. The crosse of a women's stick may be 35.5 inches and no longer than 43.25 according to the NCAA girls lacrosse committee.[19]

The crosse (Lacrosse stick) is divided into two parts, the shaft and the head. The shaft can be made of a variety of materials such as wood, aluminum and composite materials depending on what position the player prefers. Women's lacrosse rules mandate that only composite and aluminum shafts can be used, due to accidental checks and hitting that can happen during the duration of the games. The top of the stick is where the head joins the shaft to make the whole stick. The head is made out of compact plastic where the mesh, sidewall and pocket form.[20]

There are different mesh types made out of materials which affect the shot accuracy and handling of the ball. The sidewall is the siding of the head that affects the depth of the pocket and stiffness you feel when handling the ball. More stiff sidewalls and heads are better to use for defense players who want to check harder. More flexible sidewalls are better use of picking up groundballs, movement and faceoffs. And the pocket is made from the mesh and with these different meshes they can have different capabilities like a wide pocket allows and easier time catching balls, but will also cause less ball control. While a smaller head will allow the user a more hard time catching the ball but greater accuracy.[21]

The lacrosse ball is made of solid rubber and can be white, yellow or orange. All lacrosse balls must meet NOCSAE (National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment) standards.[22]

Playing area

Women's lacrosse
Women's lacrosse field dimensions based on 2007 IFWLA women's lacrosse rules

The size of the playing field depends on the players' age group. For U15 and U13 players, they must play on a regulation sized field with all appropriate markings. For U11, they must play on a regulation sized field with all appropriate markings whenever possible. Otherwise, they may play on a modified field with reduced players. For U9 players the fields must be rectangular, between 60–70 yards in length and 30–40 yards in width to accommodate play on existing fields.[23][24]

There are two different surroundings around the goal on both sides of the field; the 8-meter arc and the 12-meter fan. When committing a major foul inside either of these areas, the offense regains the ball and has a direct opportunity to goal. If outside the 8-meter arc, but inside the fan, a "lane" to goal is cleared of all other players and the person who committed the foul is relocated 4 meters behind the offender. If inside the 8-meter-arc and a defensive foul occurs, all players that were previously inside the surrounding must take the most direct route out. The player who was fouled, now moves to the nearest hash mark that is located around the edges of the arc and has a direct lane to goal. The defender who committed the foul is relocated on the 12-meter fan directly behind the shooter. If a player fouled another player not in the arc, the victim receives the ball and the player who fouled must back away at least 4 meters. All other players standing closer than 4 meters to the ball holder must also back away to give the girl room to move with the ball.

The shooting space rule in women's lacrosse is very important in keeping the players safe. It occurs when a defender moves into the offender's shooting lane to goal, at an angle that makes the defender at risk of being hit by the ball if the offender were to shoot.

Duration and tie-breaking methods

to intentionally touch the ball with their body to gain an advantage or cover the ball to protect it from being picked up by an opponent.[15] Should a tie remain after regulation, state high-school associations can choose to break the tie using two 3-minute periods of extra time. If the game remains tied after the two periods of extra time, the teams will then play 3-minute golden goal overtime periods until one team scores, which wins them the game.

Ball in and out of play

The "draw" is what starts the game and keeps the game going after a goal is scored. The draw is when two players, one from each team, stand in the center circle with the backs of their sticks facing each other. Then the referee places the ball between the two sticks. Each player has to push their sticks together parallel to the ground to contain the ball. There are allowed four players from each team (two Midfielders, one Attack wing, and one Defense wing) to stand along the circle surrounding the center circle during the draw. The players’ sticks around the circle cannot break the line until the whistle is blown. The centers must lift and pull their sticks over their heads releasing the ball.

When the referee blows the whistle during play, everyone must stop exactly where they are. If the ball goes out of bounds on a shot, then the player closest to the ball receives the possession. If the ball goes out of bounds not on a shot then the other team is awarded with the possession. For example, if a player threw a bad pass to her teammate and the ball went out of bounds then the other team would receive the ball. If the ball goes out of bounds on a shot, it is common for the player to reach out her stick in an attempt to be ruled closest to the ball and gain possession.

Protecting one's stick from being checked is a very important key in the game of women's lacrosse.[15] In order to protect the stick from being checked, the player must cradle the ball. If the player has a strong "cradle", it would make it much more difficult to recover the ball for the opposing team. "Cradling" is the back and forth movement and twisting of the head of the stick, which keeps the ball in the pocket with centripetal force.

Allowable checking is based on what age level of the game is being played. Rules for U15 and above allow lacrosse players full checking above the head. However, this requires that at least one of the two umpires have a USL Local Rating so that they can judge the appropriate amount of contact. In most cases, a check into the head area is a mandatory red card. If a sufficiently experienced umpire is not available, then U13 checking rules must be used where modified checking only below the shoulder is allowed. Also in U13, a check into the head area is a yellow card rather than a mandatory red card. In U11 and U9 no checking is allowed. US Lacrosse rules recommend that Middle School/Junior High players play with U13 checking rules.[23][24]

In women's lacrosse, players may only check if the check is directed away from the ball carrier's head.[15] Also, players may only check using the side of their stick. If caught by one of the referees using the flat of the head, it will be called as a "held check" and the opposing team will get the ball.[15]

There are two types of fouls in woman's lacrosse, major and minor.[15] When a minor foul is committed anywhere on the field, the player who committed the fouled is set four meters to whichever side she was last guarding the person she obstructed. If a major foul occurs outside of the twelve meter fan or eight meter arc, the fouler must stand four meters behind the player she fouled.[15]

Penalties

Penalties for women's lacrosse are assessed with the following cards:[15]

  • The green card, given to the team captain, is for a delay of game. A delay of game is issued when a player continually moves once the whistle is blown (creeping), failure to move 4-meters as directed by the referee, jewelry violation, and improper use of equipment.[25]
  • The yellow card is for a first-time penalty and results in the player being removed from the field for two or three minutes. In the U.S. any player receiving two yellows sits out the rest of the game but is allowed to play in the next game.
  • The red card is the result either of two yellow cards or a flagrant foul or extremely unsportsmanlike behavior, and causes the player to be ejected from the game. If the red card is for unsportsmanlike behavior, the player is also not permitted to play in the following game. U.S. rules differ in that a red card is not the result of two yellow cards and any player receiving a red card sits out the rest of that game and her team's next game.

Penalties assessed include:

  • Rough/Dangerous Check
  • Check to the Head (Mandatory Card)
  • Slash (Mandatory Card)
  • Holding
  • Crosse in the sphere
  • Illegal Contact
  • Hooking
  • Reach across the body
  • Illegal cradle
  • Blocking
  • Charging
  • Pushing
  • Obstruction of the Free Space to Goal (Shooting Space)
  • Illegal Pick
  • Tripping
  • Detaining
  • Forcing Through
  • False Start
  • Playing the ball of an opponent
  • Dangerous Propelling (Mandatory Card)
  • Dangerous Follow-Through (Mandatory Card)
  • Dangerous Shot
  • Illegal Shot
  • Covering
  • Empty Stick Check
  • Warding off
  • Hand Ball
  • Squeeze the Head of the Crosse
  • Body Ball
  • Throwing her crosse in any circumstance.
  • Taking part in the game if she is not holding her crosse.
  • Illegal Draw
  • On the center draw, stepping on or into the center circle or on or over the restraining line before the whistle.
  • Illegal crosse
  • Scoring a goal with a crosse that does not meet the field crosse specifications.
  • Adjusting the strings/thongs of her crosse after an official inspection of her crosse has been requested during the game. The crosse must be removed.
  • Jewelry
  • Illegal Uniform
  • Illegal Substitution
  • Delay of game
  • Play from out of bounds
  • Illegal re-entry
  • Illegal Timeout

International competition

Beginning in 1972, the sport was governed internationally by the International Federation of Women's Lacrosse Associations (IFWLA). The formation of the IFWLA actually predated that of the corresponding body for men's lacrosse, the International Lacrosse Federation (ILF), by two years.

In August 2008, after negotiations lasting four years, the IFWLA and ILF agreed to merge into a single governing body, the Federation of International Lacrosse (FIL). All tournaments operated by the IFWLA have been taken over by the FIL.

Every four years, the Women's Lacrosse World Cup is held. It was organized by the IFWLA before its merger with the IFL, and is now organized by the FIL. In Oshawa, Canada, in 2013, the United States defeated Canada in the final. The most recent edition was held in Surrey, England in 2017.

Notable players

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ "cradle", The Free Dictionary, retrieved 2 March 2019
  2. ^ Vennum, p. 9
  3. ^ Liss, p. 13.
  4. ^ Vennum, p. 183
  5. ^ Vennum, Thomas (2007). Lacrosse Legends of the First Americans. JHU Press. p. 2. ISBN 0-8018-8629-5.
  6. ^ Fisher, p. 200
  7. ^ "History of Lacrosse at St Leonards". STLeonards-Fife.org. Archived from the original on 6 May 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
  8. ^ http://www.vixenathletics.com/information/Hall_of_Fame/bios/c_gasciogne?view=bio
  9. ^ "History". Bryn Mawr School. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  10. ^ http://www.vixenathletics.com/information/athletics/history
  11. ^ 2007 IFWLA Women's Lacrosse Rules Archived 25 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine, International Federation of Women's Lacrosse Associations
  12. ^ "Women's Rule Changes for 2000". LaxPower. Retrieved 18 March 2007.
  13. ^ http://www.ncaapublications.com/productdownloads/WLC15.pdf
  14. ^ https://www.ncaa.com/news/lacrosse-women/article/2017-07-21/free-movement-approved-womens-lacrosse
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Women's Condensed Lacrosse Rules". US Lacrosse. Archived from the original on 7 March 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2007.
  16. ^ "Headgear Rule for Girls' Lacrosse Ignites Outcry". nytimes.com.
  17. ^ "Protective Equipment". USLacrosse. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  18. ^ "Girls' Field Player Equipment" (PDF). USLacrosse. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  19. ^ "Equipment for Girls' and Women's Lacrosse". USLacrosse. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  20. ^ "Lacrosse Stick". Lacrosse.com.
  21. ^ "Types of mesh". laxdoctor.com.
  22. ^ "The ball". USLacrosse.
  23. ^ a b http://www.uslacrosse.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=ciPlVJilmXM%3d&tabid=14314
  24. ^ a b http://www.uslacrosse.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=zqIYNyNPKoA%3d&tabid=6209
  25. ^ "2015 Women's Rulebook" (PDF). US Lacrosse. p. 47. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  26. ^ http://www.loyolagreyhounds.com/sports/w-lacros/mtt/dobbie_dana00.html

Bibliography

External links

Big East Conference

The Big East Conference (stylized as BIG EAST) is a collegiate athletic conference that competes in NCAA Division I in all sports except football, which is not sponsored. The conference has been officially recognized as a Division I multi-sport conference, effective on August 1, 2013. The conference was originally founded by Dave Gavitt on May 31, 1979.Its nucleus is composed of the "Catholic Seven" members of the original Big East Conference: DePaul University, Georgetown University, Marquette University, Providence College, Seton Hall University, St. John's University, and Villanova University. In December 2012, these schools chose to split from the football playing schools in order to focus on basketball, and in March 2013 reached a settlement, whereby they acquired the Big East Conference name, logos, history, and the rights to the men's basketball tournament at Madison Square Garden. Butler University, Creighton University, and Xavier University also joined the conference on its July 1, 2013 launch date. The conference also entered into a 12-year, $500 million television contract with Fox Sports, Fox Sports 1 (FS1), Fox Sports 2 (FS2), and Fox Sports Networks (FSN) and a 6-year television contract with CBS and CBS Sports Network (CBSSN).The football-playing members of the old Big East, along with several other schools, formed the American Athletic Conference, which retains the old Big East's charter and structure. However, both conferences claim 1979 as their founding date. As part of the separation agreement, the basketball schools were able to retain the basketball records while the football schools retained the football records respectively.Val Ackerman, former WNBA president, has been commissioner since June 26, 2013. On the same day Ackerman was named as commissioner, it announced that it will be headquartered in New York City. None of the conference's schools sponsor varsity football in the top-level Division I FBS. Georgetown, Villanova, and Butler do operate football programs in the second-level Division I FCS, though only Villanova offers scholarships to its players.

College lacrosse

College lacrosse is played by student-athletes at colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. In both countries, men's field lacrosse and women's lacrosse are played at both the varsity and club levels. College lacrosse in Canada is sponsored by the Canadian University Field Lacrosse Association (CUFLA) and Maritime University Field Lacrosse League (MUFLL), while in the United States, varsity men's and women's lacrosse is governed by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) and National Association of Intercolliegiate Athletics (NAIA). There are also university lacrosse programs in the United Kingdom sponsored by British Universities and Colleges Sport (BUCS) and programs in Japan.

In the U.S., as of the 2016–17 academic year, there were 71 NCAA-sanctioned Division I men's lacrosse teams, 61 Division II men's lacrosse teams and 236 Division III men's lacrosse teams. There are 112 Division I women's lacrosse teams, 105 Division II women's lacrosse teams, and 282 Division III women's lacrosse teams. There were also 27 men's programs and 16 women's programs at two-year community colleges organized by the National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) and a growing number of National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) four-year small college programs.

As of 2016–17, there were 184 collegiate men's club teams competing through the Men's Collegiate Lacrosse Association (MCLA), including most major universities in the United States without NCAA men's programs, organized into two divisions and ten conferences. Schools that feature an NCAA Division I FBS football team must play in Division 1, while most other teams compete in Division 2. There are 225 collegiate club teams for women organized by the Women's Collegiate Lacrosse Associates (WCLA).

Florida Gators women's lacrosse

The Florida Gators women's lacrosse team represents the University of Florida in the sport of college lacrosse. The Gators compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) and are single-sport members of the American Athletic Conference (The American), which they joined in 2018 after four seasons in the Big East Conference. Before joining Big East women's lacrosse, the Gators were members of the American Lacrosse Conference (ALC), which folded after the 2014 season due to aftereffects of conference realignment. They play their home games in Donald R. Dizney Stadium on the university's Gainesville, Florida campus, and are currently led by head coach Amanda O'Leary. The Gators have won regular-season conference titles in all nine seasons of the women's lacrosse program's existence, with four each in the ALC and Big East plus one in The American. Additionally, they have won seven conference tournament titles (two ALC, four Big East, one American) and advanced to the quarterfinals of the NCAA tournament five times (2011–2014 and 2018), with their best NCAA finish being a semifinal berth in 2012.

Hofstra Pride

The Hofstra Pride (formerly the Hofstra Flying Dutchmen) are composed of 17 teams representing Hofstra University in intercollegiate athletics, including men and women’s basketball, cross-country running, golf, lacrosse, soccer, and tennis. Men’s sports include baseball and wrestling. Women’s sports include volleyball, field hockey, and softball. The Pride compete in the NCAA Division I and have been members of the Colonial Athletic Association in most sports since 2001. They were previously members of the America East Conference.

Johns Hopkins Blue Jays women's lacrosse

The Johns Hopkins Blue Jays women's lacrosse team represents Johns Hopkins University in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I women's college lacrosse competition. The Blue Jays play their home games at Homewood Field located on the school's Homewood campus in Baltimore, Maryland.

From the team's inception in 1976 through the 1998 season, the Blue Jays women competed at the NCAA Division III level. They switched to Division I starting in the 1999 season. The Blue Jays were members of the American Lacrosse Conference until its dissolution in 2014, competed as an independent during the 2015 and 2016 seasons, and officially joined the Big Ten on July 1, 2016, making the 2017 season the first season of Big Ten Conference play for the Blue Jays. The Blue Jays became the seventh women's lacrosse program in the conference.

Lacrosse

Lacrosse is a team sport played with a lacrosse stick and a lacrosse ball. Players use the head of the lacrosse stick to carry, pass, catch, and shoot the ball into the goal.

The sport has four versions that have different sticks, fields, rules and equipment: field lacrosse, women's lacrosse, box lacrosse and intercrosse. The men's games, field lacrosse (outdoor) and box lacrosse (indoor), are contact sports and all players wear protective gear: helmet, gloves, shoulder pads, and elbow pads. The women's game is played outdoors and does not allow body contact but does allow stick to stick contact. The only protective gear required for women players is eyegear, while goalies wear helmets and protective pads. Intercrosse is a mixed-gender non-contact sport played indoors that uses an all-plastic stick and a softer ball.

The sport is governed by the Federation of International Lacrosse.

Lock Haven Bald Eagles

The Lock Haven Bald Eagles are the intercollegiate sports teams of Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania, located in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania. LHU participates in NCAA Division II as a member of the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference (PSAC) for most sports. Field hockey and wrestling participate in NCAA Division I as members of the Atlantic 10 Conference and Mid-American Conference (MAC) respectively.On Saturday, September 29, 2012, Lock Haven lost to the Shippensburg Raiders by a score of 49-6. With the loss Lock Haven took sole possession of the all-time NCAA Division II Football consecutive losing streak record at 47 games, with their last win occurring on November 3, 2007. The previous record of 46 was held by the Minnesota-Morris Cougars (who have since reclassified to Division III); that streak ran from November 14, 1998 - September 20, 2003. On November 10, 2012, the Lock Haven Bald Eagles defeated the Cheyney Wolves by a score of 15-7, ending their record losing streak at 52 games.

Longwood Lancers

The Longwood Lancers are the varsity athletic teams representing Longwood University (formerly Longwood College) in Farmville, Virginia in intercollegiate athletics. The university sponsors fourteen teams, which compete in NCAA Division I and became members of the Big South Conference in July 2012 after upgrading from NCAA Division II during the 2004–05 season. In women's field hockey, a sport not sponsored by the Big South, Longwood is an associate member of the Mid-American Conference as of the 2014–15 school year.

Maryland Terrapins women's lacrosse

The Maryland Terrapins women's lacrosse team represents the University of Maryland in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I women's college lacrosse. The Maryland program has won 14 national championships, the most of any women's lacrosse program. The Terrapins have also made the most NCAA tournament appearances, won the most tournament games, and made the most NCAA championship game appearances. Before the NCAA sanctioned women's lacrosse, Maryland also won the AIAW national championship in 1981.Starting with the 2014–2015 season, the Terrapins joined the Big Ten women's lacrosse league.

Michigan Wolverines women's lacrosse

The Michigan Wolverines women's lacrosse team is the intercollegiate women's lacrosse program representing the University of Michigan. The school competes in the Big Ten Conference in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The Wolverines play their home games in Ann Arbor, primarily at Michigan Stadium with the indoor Oosterbaan Field House as a secondary option. Women's lacrosse was established as a varsity sport in 2014, and the team played in the American Lacrosse Conference during its inaugural season before joining the Big Ten in 2015. The team is currently coached by Hannah Nielsen.

NCAA Division III Women's Lacrosse Championship

The annual NCAA Division III Women's Lacrosse Championship tournament has determined the top women's lacrosse team in the NCAA Division III since 1985.The current champions are Gettysburg College. The College of New Jersey, previously known as Trenton State, is the most successful program with 12 total titles, the most recent coming in 2006.

NCAA Division II Women's Lacrosse Championship

The annual NCAA Division II Women's Lacrosse Championship tournament has determined the top women's lacrosse team in the NCAA Division II since 2001.Adelphi is the most successful team, with eight national titles.

NCAA Division I Women's Lacrosse Championship

The annual NCAA Division I Women's Lacrosse Championship tournament has determined the top women's lacrosse team in the NCAA Division I since 1982.

James Madison is the champion, having defeated Boston College in the 2018 NCAA Division I Women's Lacrosse Championship final.

United Women's Lacrosse League

The United Women’s Lacrosse League (UWLX) is a women's lacrosse league in the United States. It was co-founded in Boston, Massachusetts by Digit Murphy and Aronda Kirby of the Play It Forward Sports Foundation, under the ownership of United Women's Sports LLC in a strategic partnership with STX. Penn State alum and former United States national team player Michele DeJuliis was appointed as the league’s commissioner. DeJuliis left after the 2016 season to found a new women's pro lacrosse league, the current General Manager is Kristan Ash.The league is composed of four teams: the Baltimore Ride, Boston Storm, Long Island Sound and Philadelphia Force. Long Island won the first two championships.

Wagner Seahawks

The Wagner Seahawks are composed of 23 teams representing Wagner College in intercollegiate athletics. Sports sponsored for both men and women are basketball, cross country, golf, lacrosse, tennis, track & field (both indoor and outdoor, which the NCAA classifies as two separate sports for each sex), and water polo. Sports sponsored only for men are baseball and football. Women-only sports are fencing, soccer, softball, swimming & diving, and triathlon, with field hockey to be added in the 2019–20 school year. The Seahawks compete in the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) and are members of the Northeast Conference for all sports except water polo, in which the women compete in the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference and the men compete in the Collegiate Water Polo Association, and triathlon, in which all currently competing NCAA institutions are officially classified as independents.

West Chester Golden Rams

The West Chester Golden Rams represent West Chester University of Pennsylvania, which is located in West Chester, Pennsylvania, in intercollegiate sports. They compete in the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference (PSAC) in NCAA Division II.

The University currently fields 23 varsity Division II men's and women's teams.

Women's Lacrosse World Cup

The Women's Lacrosse World Cup (WLWC), the international championship of women's lacrosse, is held every four years. From its inception in 1982, it was sponsored by the governing body for women's lacrosse, the International Federation of Women's Lacrosse Associations, until that body merged in 2008 with the former governing body for men's lacrosse. Since 2009, the WLWC has been sponsored by the sport's new unified governing body, the Federation of International Lacrosse. The 2017 Women's Lacrosse World Cup was held in Guildford, England, and was won by the United States over Canada by the score of 10-5.

Women's Professional Lacrosse League

The Women's Professional Lacrosse League (WPLL) is a women's lacrosse league in the United States. The league is composed of five teams: the Baltimore Brave, New England Command, New York Fight, Philadelphia Fire, and Upstate Pride. League play started on Saturday, June 2, 2018.

World Lacrosse

World Lacrosse, formerly the Federation of International Lacrosse (FIL) is the international governing body of lacrosse, responsible for the men's, women's, and indoor versions of the sport. It was established in 2008 by the merger of the previously separate men's and women's international lacrosse associations.

Its headquarters are located in New York City, New York.

The Federation has 62 members, 36 of which are full members. FIL is the only international sport organization to recognize First Nations bands and Native American tribes as sovereign nations. The Iroquois Nationals (men) and the Haudenosaunee Nationals (women) of the First Nations Lacrosse Association represent the Haudenosaunee people of New York and Ontario.

The FIL was given provisional recognition status by the International Olympic Committee in November 2018.In May 2019, FIL launched a rebrand and changed its name to World Lacrosse.

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