Wojciech Stattler

Wojciech Korneli Stattler or Albert Kornel Stattler[1] (April 20, 1800 – November 6, 1875) was a Polish Romantic painter of Swiss aristocratic ancestry, who started training in Vienna and at age 17 went to St. Luke's Academy in Rome. From 1831 he taught as professor at the School of Fine Arts in Kraków. 1850 he returned to Rome. His most famous pupil in Poland was nominal painter Jan Matejko.[2]

Wojciech Stattler
Wojciech Stattler - Self portrait
Stattler, Self-portrait, 1828;
oil painting stolen in World War II
BornApril 20, 1800
DiedNovember 6, 1875 (aged 75)

Early years

Stattler was born in Kraków five years after the third of the military partitions of Poland by the three neighbouring Empires and the suppression of the Polish Kościuszko Uprising by the occupying forces. He was the son of city councilor Joachim Stattler, deputy to the Sejm of Kraków, City which became part of the Austrian Empire. Stattler began his studies in 1816, initially in the field of mathematics and natural sciences. A year later, he enrolled at the drawing class of the School of Fine Arts and made quick progress in the workshops of professors Antoni Brodowski, Józef Peszka and Franciszek Lampi. In 1818–27 he went to Italy, and continued his art studies at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome under Andrea Pozzi and privately with Vincenzo Camuccini and Bertel Thorvaldsen; as well as at the Academy of Vienna since 1822 under Antonio Canova. During 1819–25 he was the recipient of state scholarships.[3]

Artistic career

Stattler-Machabeusze
Maccabees,[4] 1830-1842, oil on canvas, 262 x 371 cm

Upon his return from abroad, Stattler was appointed Professor of the School of Fine Arts in Kraków in 1831.[5] Just before that, in 1829 he was in Łańcut at the estate of Count Aleksander Potocki, portraying members and children of his family and receiving a salary. In 1830 he was in Puławy, where he made preparatory sketches for a portrait of Prince Adam Czartoryski.[3] Back in Kraków, he embarked on a programme of dramatic changes at the School of Fine Arts, introducing live model studies as well as nude art models.[6]

Stattler travelled abroad frequently. He was friends with Juliusz Słowacki, Aleksander Fredro, Antoni Odyniec and prominent others, including Adam Mickiewicz with whom he corresponded.[3] He painted their portraits. During Stattler's stay in Vienna as guest of Konstanty Czartoryski, he met an Italian-born Klementyna Zerboni di Colonna (c.1804–1897),[7] also referred to as Katarzyna Zerboni by others. Mickiewicz himself attended their wedding,[8] which took place in 1830 in her native Rome.[9]

Stattler went to France in 1843–44 with his painting Maccabees (Machabeusze), which won the Louis Philippe Gold Medal,[10] at the Paris Salon. Working on-and-off, it took him 12 years to complete it. Juliusz Słowacki described it as the Polish epic in Roman costume, with Antiochus demanding submission and subservience from the Jews like Russians from the Poles in the November Uprising. This painting is currently on display at the National Museum, Kraków.[4]

Stattler served as Professor of the Academy for 26 years, until 1857. He also wrote articles and papers on art and art-education, including a memoir (Pamiętnik) published decades later by Maciej Szukiewicz in 1916. Stattlers had a son, Henryk, born in 1834.[11] Financial needs prompted them to leave Kraków for Warsaw around 1870, nevertheless Stattler refused the lucrative offer to paint 50 copies of the Russian Tsar Alexander. He painted religious themes in his old age and died in Warsaw on November 6, 1875.[3] He was buried at the Powązki Cemetery.

Selected portraiture

Stattler Hortensja Sobańska

Hortensja Sobańska, 1836

Wojciech Stattler - Studium aktu

Nude study, 1830

Wojciech Stattler - Karol Teodor Soczynski

Karol Soczyński, 1824

Stattler Henryk Dembiński

Henryk Dembiński, 1850

Notes and references

  1. ^ [[https://books.google.com/books?id=_tlHAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA218&dq=Albert+Stattler&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiUiIOUnLnTAhVG9mMKHf-SDjwQ6AEIMjAC#v=onepage&q=Albert%20Stattler&f=false Albert Kornel Stattler
  2. ^ Bogna Lewtak - Baczyńska (2006). "Fryderyk Chopin i Wojciech Korneli Stattler". Artyści z rodziny. Well-Art. Archived from the original (Internet Archive) on February 21, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2012. Wojciech Korneli Stattler pochodził ze szwajcarskiej hrabiowskiej rodziny (siedem pałek w herbie) z kantonu Uri. Jego rodzina po przybyciu do Polski osiadła początkowo w Krakowie gdzie pełniła zaszczytne funkcje m.in. dostojników miasta.
  3. ^ a b c d Stefan Kozakiewicz (Warszawa 1976). "Stattler, Wojciech Korneli (20.04.1800 Kraków – 06.11.1875 Warszawa)". Malarstwo Polskie - Oświecenie, Klasycyzm, Romantyzm (in Polish). Sztuka zaprasza.net. Retrieved October 21, 2012. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ a b Magdalena Wróblewska (December 2010). "Wojciech Korneli Stattler "Machabeusze"". Sztuki wizualne (in Polish). Culture.pl Adam Mickiewicz Institute. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  5. ^ Wydawnictwo Fogra (2012). "Stattler Wojciech Korneli (1800-1875)". Malarstwo, Europa (in Polish). Encyklopedia WIEM. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  6. ^ Maria Poprzęcka (2006). Akt Polski. Warsaw: Edipresse Polska SA. pp. 2nd page, cover. ISBN 83-7477-066-X.
  7. ^ "Klementyna Stattler (Zerboni de Colonna) (c.1804 - 1897)". Geni, Inc. Genealogy, Los Angeles, California. Retrieved October 22, 2012. Klementyna Stattler Birth records available with subscription
  8. ^ Adam Mickiewicz (1886). "Ślub Wojciecha Stattlera". Full text of "Adam Mickiewicz; zarys biograficzno-literacki" (ROZDZIAŁ II). NAKŁAD GEBETHNERA I WOLFFA. p. 474. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  9. ^ WŁADYSŁAW MICKIEWICZ. "Mickiewicz na ślubie Stattlera w Rzymie". Full text of "Żywot Adama Mickiewicza [microform] : podług zebranych przez siebie materyałów : oraz z własnych wspomnień". US Archive.org (DRUKARNIA DZIENNIKA POZNAŃSKIEGO, 1892). p. 112. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  10. ^ "Louis Philippe I medal, 1842 (sample)". Aukcje online: Francja - Ludwik Filip I 1830-1848, medal. Warszawskie Centrum Numizmatyczne. 06-07-2012. Retrieved October 22, 2012. Louis Philippe I Roi des Francais, L'armee au Duc d'Orleans Prince Royal Check date values in: |date= (help)
  11. ^ Paweł Freus. "Henryk Antoni Stattler". Sztuki wizualne (in Polish). Culture.pl Adam Mickiewicz Institute. Retrieved October 22, 2012.

Further reading

  • Maciej Masłowski: Studia Malarskie Wojciecha Kornelego Stattlera w Krakowie i Rzymie (Wojciech Korneli Stattler Studies of Painting in Kraków and Rome), Wrocław 1964, ed. "Ossolineum".
Adam Mickiewicz

Adam Bernard Mickiewicz ([mit͡sˈkʲɛvit͡ʂ] (listen); 24 December 1798 – 26 November 1855) was a Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist. He is regarded as national poet in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. A principal figure in Polish Romanticism, he is counted as one of Poland's "Three Bards" ("Trzej Wieszcze") and is widely regarded as Poland's greatest poet. He is also considered one of the greatest Slavic and European poets and has been dubbed a "Slavic bard". A leading Romantic dramatist, he has been compared in Poland and Europe to Byron and Goethe.He is known chiefly for the poetic drama Dziady (Forefathers' Eve) and the national epic poem Pan Tadeusz. His other influential works include Konrad Wallenrod and Grażyna. All these served as inspiration for uprisings against the three imperial powers that had partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth out of existence.

Mickiewicz was born in the Russian-partitioned territories of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which had been part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and was active in the struggle to win independence for his home region. After, as a consequence, spending five years exiled to central Russia, in 1829 he succeeded in leaving the Russian Empire and, like many of his compatriots, lived out the rest of his life abroad. He settled first in Rome, then in Paris, where for a little over three years he lectured on Slavic literature at the Collège de France. He died, probably of cholera, at Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire, where he had gone to help organize Polish and Jewish forces to fight Russia in the Crimean War.

In 1890, his remains were repatriated from Montmorency, Val-d'Oise, in France, to Wawel Cathedral in Kraków, Poland.

Aleksander Kotsis

Aleksander Kotsis (30 May 1836, Kraków - 7 August 1877, Kraków) was a Polish painter. He created landscapes, portraits and genre scenes in a combination Romantic and Realistic style. Most of his paintings are small.

Daniel's final vision

Chapters 10, 11 and 12 in the Book of Daniel make up Daniel's final vision, describing a series of conflicts between the unnamed "King of the North" and "King of the South" leading to the "time of the end", when Israel will be vindicated and the dead raised to shame or glory.

The Book of Daniel was written in reaction to the persecution of the Jews by the Greek king Antiochus IV Epiphanes in 167-164 BCE. Its authors were the maskilim, the "wise", of whom Daniel is one: "Those among the people who are wise shall make many understand ...", and its fundamental theme is God's control over history. The climax comes with the prophecy of the resurrection of the dead. Chapter 7 spoke of the coming "kingdom of heaven", but Daniel 10-12 does not say that history will end with the coming of the Jewish kingdom; rather, the "wise" will be brought back to life to lead Israel in the new kingdom of God.In contemporary Christian millennialism, Daniel 11:36-45 is interpreted as a prophecy of the career and destruction of the Antichrist, and Daniel 12 as concerning the salvation of Israel (the modern State of Israel) and the coming kingdom of Christ.

Florian Cynk

Florian Stanisław Cynk (3 May 1838, Kraków - 10 October 1912, Kraków) was a Polish painter, notably of religious subjects, and a prominent art teacher. He also worked as an illustrator.

Historical Museum of Kraków

The Historical Museum of the City of Kraków (Polish: Muzeum Historyczne Miasta Krakowa) in Kraków, Lesser Poland, was granted the status of an independent institution in 1945. Originally, it was a branch of the Old Records Office of Kraków, in operation from 1899.The Museum's main location is the baroque Krzysztofory Palace.

Izydor Jabłoński

Izydor Jabłoński (born February 7, 1865 in Kraków, died November 13, 1905 therein) was a Polish painter, professor at the Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków, friend and biographer of Jan Matejko.

Stattler

Stattler is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Benedict Stattler (1728–1797), German Jesuit theologian, who among those who contributed to the renovation of Moral Theology in Germany, in the latter part of the eighteenth century, Benedict Stattler is worthy of notice; on the subject of work and wages his Ethica Christiana Communis (1782–1789) is outstanding. The authors whom we studied in the preceding chapter introduced us to a reformed attitude towards wages, as well as to new methods in the general presentation of Moral Theology. Stattler appreciated the new methods, but liked to claim his doctrine from the older Catholic sources. Nevertheless, he probably owes something of his doctrine on work and wages to contemporary authors: Oberrauch (1774), Wurzer (1775), Lechleitner (1776), Schanza (1780), were in print before Stattler’s first two volumes of Ethica Christiana Communis (:ECC) appeared in 1782. And Luby (1782), was available before the appearance of Stattler’s third volume (1784) and fifth volume (1788) — the two volumes which include his matter on work and wages.

Wojciech Stattler (1800–1875), was a Polish painter of Swiss aristocratic ancestry and a long-standing professor of the School of Fine Arts in Kraków.

Władysław Łuszczkiewicz

Władysław Łuszczkiewicz (September 3, 1828 – May 23, 1900) was a Polish historical painter of the late Romantic era from Kraków, active in the period of the foreign partitions of Poland. He was a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts and served as its principal in 1893/95. One of his best students was Jan Matejko, the eminent Polish historical painter and later, his close associate. Łuszczkiewicz taught painting, drawing, anatomy and architectural styles. Highly educated, he also worked as conservator of architectural monuments in the city later on in his career, and wrote historical dissertations.

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