Woburn (/ˈwuːbərn/ WOO-bərn) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 38,120 at the 2010 census. Woburn is located 9 miles (14 km) north of Boston, Massachusetts.
Benjamin Thompson House, Woburn, Massachusetts
Industria et Virtute (Latin)
"Industry and Virtue"
Location in Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Location in the United States
|• Type||Mayor-council city|
|• City Mayor||Scott Galvin|
| • Ward|
|Rosa DiTucci (1)|
Richard F. Gately Jr. (2)
Mark E. Gaffney (3)
Luke M. Anderson (4)
Darlene Mercer-Bruen (5)
Michael L. Raymond (6)
Raymond B. Drapeau (7)
| • At-large|
|Paul J. Denaro|
Richard M. Haggerty
|• Total||12.9 sq mi (33.4 km2)|
|• Land||12.7 sq mi (32.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|Elevation||100 ft (30 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,000/sq mi (1,100/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
01801 / 01888
|Area code(s)||339 / 781|
|GNIS feature ID||0612270|
Woburn was first settled in 1640 near Horn Pond, a primary source of the Mystic River, and was officially incorporated in 1642. At that time the area included present day towns of Woburn, Winchester, Burlington, and parts of Stoneham and Wilmington. In 1740 Wilmington separated from Woburn. In 1799 Burlington separated from Woburn; in 1850 Winchester did so, too.
Woburn got its name from Woburn, Bedfordshire. Woburn played host to the first religious ordination in the Americas on Nov. 22, 1642. Rev. Thomas Carter was sworn in by many of the most prominent men of New England including John Cotton, minister of the First Church of Boston, Richard Mather minister of the First Church of Dorchester, and Capt. Edward Johnson co-founder of the church and town of Woburn. Johnson is regarded as "the father of Woburn." He served as the first town clerk, represented the town in the Massachusetts General Court, made the first map of Massachusetts, and wrote the first history of the colony.
The first organizational Town Meeting was held on April 13, 1644 and the first town officers were chosen. Town Selectmen were Edward Johnson, Edward Convers, John Mousall, William Learned, Ezekiel Richardson, Samuel Richardson and James Thompson. William Learned was also selected as Constable. Michael Bacon, Ralph Hill, Thomas Richardson were chosen as Surveyors of Highways. (The History of Woburn, 1868)
Deacon Edward Convers was also one of the founders of Woburn. He was one of its first selectmen, and built the first house and first mill in Woburn. He was very active in town affairs and was a large landowner, miller and surveyor.
List of important events
Woburn was the scene of a high-profile water contamination crisis. During the mid to late 1970s, the local community became concerned over the high incidence of childhood leukemia and other illnesses, particularly in the Pine Street area of east Woburn. After high levels of chemical contamination were found in City of Woburn’s Wells G and H in 1979, some members of the community suspected that the unusually high incidence of leukemia, cancer, and a wide variety of other health problems were linked to the possible exposure to volatile organic chemicals in the groundwater pumped from wells G and H.
In May 1982, a number of citizens whose children had developed or died from leukemia filed a civil lawsuit against two corporations, W. R. Grace and Company and Beatrice Foods. Grace's subsidiary, Cryovac, and Beatrice were suspected of contaminating the groundwater by improperly disposing of trichloroethylene (TCE), perchloroethylene (perc or PCE) and other industrial solvents at their facilities in Woburn near wells G and H.
In a controversial decision over what many considered a bungled trial (Judge Walter Jay Skinner ruled that the jurors should answer questions that they and many others considered confusing), Beatrice was acquitted and Grace only paid $8 million, a third of which went to the lawyers and lawyer fees. A United States Environmental Protection Agency report later found Beatrice and Grace responsible for the contamination. A book titled A Civil Action was written about the case by Jonathan Harr. In 1998 the book was turned into a movie starring John Travolta and Robert Duvall, also titled A Civil Action. The film was largely filmed in nearby Bedford and Lexington, with only a few shots on location in Woburn.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.9 square miles (33 km2), of which 12.7 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (1.71%) is water.
Woburn features a humid continental climate, similar to those of many of the other Boston suburban areas. It features moderately cold Winters, but not usually as bad as the ones around The Great Lakes Regions or Southern Canada, or even Northern New England. Nonetheless, it features occasional 'arctic blasts' which can easily drop the temperature below zero. Spring generally starts out cool, around 45-50 degrees, often with snow still on the ground. However, it quickly begins to rapidly warm to around 75 degrees by the time Summer begins. Summers are generally warm or hot & often accompanied with humidity, though not nearly as bad as cities in The Midwest & Mid-Atlantic, and even Rhode Island. Temperatures often top in the 80s, but when an Atlantic low comes, temperatures may fail to rise out of the 60s. High pressure from The Gulf of Mexico, occasionally brings much hotter conditions with temperatures sometimes topping near 100, though this is fairly rare and only happens so often. Falls are generally crisp, but start out warm with temperature highs around 70 & lows around 50. Quickly things cool, and it feels & looks like Winter with temperatures around 40 usually towards the end. Like most of the region, temperatures can vary widely in the span of a day.
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2000, there were 37,258 people (37,010 by 2006 estimate), 14,997 households, and 9,658 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,939.6 people per square mile (1,135.4/km²). There were 15,391 housing units at an average density of 1,214.3 per square mile (469.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.57% White, 1.87% African American, 0.10% Native American, 4.85% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.09% of the population.
There were 14,997 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city, the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $54,897, and the median income for a family was $66,364. Males had a median income of $45,210 versus $33,239 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,207. About 4.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
The Woburn Business Association (WBA) is a membership organization consisting of companies located in Woburn, Massachusetts. Memberships are also available to those firms who are situated elsewhere, but do business in Woburn. The purpose of the WBA is to promote and protect Business Interests in the City of Woburn and provide Networking Services for the Business Community.
The WBA Board of Directors meets monthly to develop policy and provide direction for the Association. The Executive Committee meets periodically, usually on an “as needed” basis, to review important issues and make recommendations to the Board regarding WBA policy. The WBA accomplishes its work through committees of WBA members and representatives of the Woburn community. The membership is encouraged to actively participate on these committees.
The Woburn Redevelopment Authority is an independent municipal urban renewal authority established by the City of Woburn in 1961, in accordance with Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 121B. The Authority is governed by five members, four of whom are appointed by the Mayor, and one by the Governor. The WRA functions as the City's community development agency, under an agreement with the City of Woburn executed in July 2000.
According to the Massachusetts Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|3||New England Rehabilitation Hospital||500-999|
|5||Aberjona Valley Distributors||250-499|
|6||Atlantic Boston Construction||250-499|
|8||The Dolben Company||250-499|
|9||Peterson Party Center||250-499|
|13||United Stationers Supply Company||250-499|
Woburn's public elementary schools are the Goodyear Elementary, Altavesta Elementary, Shamrock Elementary, Malcolm White Elementary, Clyde Reeves Elementary, Linscott-Rumford Elementary, and Hurld-Wyman Elementary. The Hurld and Wyman Schools have been closed down and moved to a new building. (The Clapp, Parker, Tarkey, Plympton, Golden, and Veterans' Memorial Schools are now closed, and the former Veterans' Memorial School now serves as the Woburn Senior Center.) The two middle schools are the John F. Kennedy Middle School and the Daniel L. Joyce Middle School.
In recent years the Goodyear, Reeves, Shamrock, and Malcolm White, as well as Woburn Memorial High School, have been rebuilt. The Hurld-Wyman sits on a portion of the city's Spence Farm property.
St. Charles, a pre-K-to-8 private Catholic school, is part of the adjacent St. Charles Parish.
The 1790 House, also called the Joseph Bartlett House or the Bartlett–Wheeler House, is a historic house located at 827 Main Street, Woburn, Massachusetts, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is close to the Baldwin House, with the Middlesex Canal running between them.
The 1790 House, originally on Main Street, has been moved closer to the canal to make room for a hotel. It now faces more south than its original facing of southwest.Aberjona River
The Aberjona River is a 9.3-mile-long (15.0 km), heavily urbanized river in the northwestern suburbs of Boston, Massachusetts. The name is from the Natick language and means "junction or confluence".The river rises in Reading, flows roughly south through Woburn and Winchester, and empties into the Mystic Lakes. It is generally small and heavily channelized, often running through underground culverts, but is quite apparent in Winchester center where it widens into Judkins Pond and the Mill Pond. The river's 25 square mile watershed covers most of Woburn and about half of Winchester, as well as portions of the surrounding communities of Lexington, Burlington, Wilmington, Reading, Wakefield, and Stoneham.
The Aberjona River was first identified by Europeans shortly after 1631, when Captain Edward Johnson explored the area. The name Aberjona appears in the earliest colonial records, but its origins are unknown. By 1865 there were 21 tanneries and currying shops in Woburn, and by the 1870s pollution from tanneries in Woburn and Winchester was affecting both the river and the Upper Mystic Lake (then a public water supply). The Massachusetts Legislature banned the discharge of wastes into Horn Pond Brook (a tributary) in 1907 and into the Aberjona in 1911.
A 1995 study by Spliethoff and Hemond analyzed sediments of the Upper Mystic Lake with industrial records, and determined that high concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, and zinc were deposited by chemical and leather industries dating from the early 1900s.
In the 1995 bestseller A Civil Action (and 1998 film starring John Travolta), a 15 acres (6.1 ha) parcel of forest, field, and marshland on the banks of the Aberjona River is recalled by witnesses as the place where workers from abutting industrial plants (owned by W.R. Grace & Co. and Beatrice Foods) dumped trichloroethylene (TCE) and other toxic chemicals into trenches, or "swimming pools", "within a few inches of the water." At one time, the Aberjona River had "run clear and full of fish."
From 1969 into the early 1980s, the Industri-plex site was developed along the river due to its proximity to the I-93 / I-95 junction. Industri-plex manufacturing plants contributed to the area's extensive contamination with chemicals used by the local paper, textile and leather industries, including lead-arsenic insecticides, acetic acid, benzene and toluene, and sulfuric acid. Industri-plex is now a "superfund" site, although substantially remediated.Baldwin House (Woburn, Massachusetts)
The Baldwin House, also known as the Loammi Baldwin Mansion, is a fine Colonial American mansion located at 2 Alfred Street in Woburn, Massachusetts. On October 7, 1971, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
It is currently a restaurant called Sichuan Garden. There was debate about using the property as a restaurant but ultimately the plans were approved as being sufficiently respectful of the historical nature of the site.
The historic 1790 House was across the Middlesex Canal.Brannen Brothers
Brannen Brothers Flutemakers, Inc is a manufacturer of custom flutes, located in Woburn, Massachusetts, United States. Founded in 1978, Brannen Brothers makes each flute by hand. In 2007, the company was sold by its founders to a trio of managers.Brannen Brothers creates and sells the Brögger Flute, the 15/85 Brögger Flute and the Kingma System Flute. They are all sold under the Brannen-Cooper name.
The Brögger Flute is the "classic" Brannen Brothers flute. The 15/85 Brögger flute is also available. It gets its name from its composition of 15% gold and 85% silver. The Brögger flute comes with the largest number of options of any Brannen Brothers flute. Options include body tubing material, key styles, pitch, and footjoint type.
The Kingma System flute is the result of collaboration between Bickford Brannen and Eva Kingma. It can be played as a traditional French-style flute, but has six additional keys which allow flutists to play quarter-tone scales and multiphonics.
The Brannen-Cooper fund was created in 1994. It provides funding for concerts, masterclasses, and flute choir coaching.
Brannen Brothers Flutemakers was featured on an episode of How It's Made.Christopher J. Coyne
Christopher James Coyne (born June 17, 1958) is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. Since 2015, he has been the Bishop of Burlington, Vermont.Courtney Kennedy
Courtney Kennedy (born March 29, 1979) is an American ice hockey player. She won a silver medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics and a bronze medal at the 2006 Winter Olympics.Kennedy was born in Woburn, Massachusetts. She went to elementary school in the Reeves Elementary School. She played college hockey at Colby College before transferring to the University of Minnesota along with her sister Shannon. In 2008 Kennedy was inducted into University of Minnesota M Club Hall of Fame.She is the former head coach of Buckingham Browne & Nichols girls' varsity ice hockey team. She is the current assistant head coach of Boston College Eagles women's ice hockey team.Kennedy is on the executive board of USA Hockey. She is assistant director of the Kennedy School of Hockey.Daily Times Chronicle
The Daily Times Chronicle is a family-owned five-day (Monday through Friday) daily newspaper published in Woburn, Massachusetts, with separate daily editions and associated weekly newspapers covering several towns along Massachusetts Route 128 in eastern Middlesex County.
The newspaper was formerly known as the Woburn Daily Times and Reading Chronicle. It also publishes The Stoneham Independent, Tewksbury Town Crier and Wilmington Town Crier.David Robinson (drummer)
David Robinson (born April 2, 1949) is an American rock drummer. He has performed with many rock bands including the Rising Tide, the Modern Lovers, the Pop!, DMZ and the Cars. In 2018, Robinson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Cars.Edward D. Hayden
Edward Daniel Hayden (December 27, 1833 – November 15, 1908) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.
Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Hayden attended the Lawrence Academy, Groton, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard University in 1854.
He studied law.
He was admitted to the bar in 1857 and commenced practice in Woburn, Massachusetts.
He entered the United States Navy as assistant paymaster in 1861, and served in the Mississippi Squadron under Admiral Porter in the Vicksburg and Red River campaigns.
He returned to Woburn, Massachusetts, in 1866 and engaged in mercantile pursuits.
He served as president of the First National Bank 1874-1900.
He served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1880 to 1882.
Hayden was elected as a Republican to the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth Congresses (March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1889).
He was not a candidate for renomination in 1888.
He served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1888.
He served for more than thirty years on the directorate of the Boston & Albany Railroad, and at the time of his death was vice president.
He served as a selectman and later as an alderman.
He served as a director of the Shawmut National Bank of Boston.
He died in Woburn, Massachusetts, November 15, 1908.
He was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Francis Whitaker
Francis Whitaker (November 29, 1906 – October 23, 1999) was a blacksmith in Carmel, California and, later, an artist-in-residence at the Colorado Rocky Mountain School in Carbondale, CO.He was born in Woburn, Massachusetts and died in Glenwood Springs, Colorado.
He apprenticed for one year under Samuel Yellin and later apprenticed under blacksmith Julius Schramm for two years.In 1995, he received the Colorado Council on the Arts Governor's Award for Excellence in the Arts. In 1997, he received the National Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts.Horn Pond (Massachusetts)
Horn Pond is a 102-acre (41 ha) water body along the Aberjona River in Woburn, Massachusetts in the United States. The pond is fed by several brooks and flows out via Horn Pond Brook to the Aberjona River and the Mystic Lakes, eventually reaching the Mystic River and the Atlantic Ocean. It was also traversed by the Middlesex Canal from 1802 to 1860.
Yellow perch were the most common species recorded at Horn Pond in a 1982 survey, with additional species, including: largemouth bass, pumpkinseed, bluegill, killifish, chain pickerel, golden shiner, carp, white sucker, brook trout, yellow bullhead, brown bullhead and black crappie. Trout (primarily rainbows, but also browns
and brookies) have been stocked in the past, with mofish and trout in the fall.Richard Haggerty
Richard Haggerty is an American politician who represents the 30th Middlesex District in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. He represents the towns of Woburn and Reading. Haggerty serves on the House Committee on Global Warming and Climate Change, the Joint Committee on Education, the Joint Committee on Environment, Natural Resources and Agriculture, and the Joint Committee on Financial Services.Ron Porter
Ronald Dean Porter (born July 27, 1945) is a former American football player who played linebacker for seven seasons in the National Football League for the Baltimore Colts, Philadelphia Eagles, and Minnesota Vikings.
Porter graduated from Yuba City High School in 1963 and played college football at the University of Idaho in Moscow. He was a member of Phi Gamma Delta fraternity and majored in marketing.Porter was a fifth round selection of the Colts in the 1967 NFL/AFL Draft, the 126th overall pick. He was a member of the 1968 Colts team that won the NFL Championship, but were upset in Super Bowl III.Skyworks Solutions
Skyworks Solutions, Inc. is an American semiconductor company headquartered in Woburn, Massachusetts, United States.
Skyworks manufactures semiconductors for use in radio frequency (RF) and mobile communications systems. Its products include power amplifiers, front-end modules and RF products for handsets and wireless infrastructure equipment. The company's portfolio includes amplifiers, attenuators, circulators, demodulators, detectors, diodes, directional couplers, front-end modules, hybrids, infrastructure RF subsystems, isolators, lighting and display solutions, mixers, modulators, optocouplers, optoisolators, phase shifters, PLLs/synthesizers/VCOs, power dividers/combiners, power management devices, receivers, switches and technical ceramics.Stoneham Independent
The Stoneham Independent, founded in 1870, is published each Wednesday from offices at 1 Arrow Drive, Woburn, Massachusetts, United States.WDPX-TV
WDPX-TV, virtual channel 58 (UHF digital channel 32), is an Ion Life owned-and-operated television station serving Boston, Massachusetts, United States that is licensed to Woburn. The station is owned by Ion Media Networks, as part of a duopoly with Boston-licensed Ion Television owned-and-operated station WBPX-TV (channel 68). The two stations share studios on Soldiers Field Road in Boston's Allston neighborhood and transmitter facilities in the Newton Upper Falls district of Newton.William Richard Cutter
William Richard Cutter (August 17, 1847 – June 6, 1918) was an American historian, genealogist, and writer.Woburn Branch Railroad
The Woburn Branch Railroad (known as the Woburn Loop) was a branch line of the Boston and Lowell Railroad ("B&L") that connected the city square in Woburn, Massachusetts to the main line.Woburn Memorial High School
Woburn Memorial High School (WMHS) is a public high school in Woburn, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Woburn Public Schools district and participates in the Middlesex League. It is home to the Tanners and Tannerettes and the nickname "Tanners" has a historical context. In the late 19th century, Woburn was one of the biggest producers of leather in the New England area. The shops that produced leather were called tanneries, hence the nickname Tanners.
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|Cities and towns|
Municipalities and communities of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States