Windsor Locks, Connecticut

Windsor Locks is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 12,498.[1] It is the site of Bradley International Airport, which serves the Greater Hartford-Springfield region and occupies approximately 1/3 of the town. Windsor Locks is also the site of the New England Air Museum.

Located beside the Connecticut River and equidistant from the densely populated cities of Springfield, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut, Windsor Locks is named for a set of canal locks that opened in 1829. Windsor Locks is situated just south of the first large falls in the Connecticut River, the Enfield Falls, which is the northernmost point that seagoing vessels can reach on the Connecticut River before transferring to smaller ships. The Enfield Falls Canal circumvents the Enfield Falls and its nearby shallows.[2]

Windsor Locks, Connecticut
The Windsor Locks Canal Company alongside the Enfield Falls Canal
The Windsor Locks Canal Company alongside the Enfield Falls Canal
Official seal of Windsor Locks, Connecticut

Seal
Location within Hartford County, Connecticut
Location within Hartford County, Connecticut
Windsor Locks is located in Connecticut
Windsor Locks
Windsor Locks
Location within Hartford County, Connecticut
Windsor Locks is located in the United States
Windsor Locks
Windsor Locks
Windsor Locks (the United States)
Coordinates: 41°55′30″N 72°38′58″W / 41.92500°N 72.64944°WCoordinates: 41°55′30″N 72°38′58″W / 41.92500°N 72.64944°W
Country United States
State Connecticut
CountyHartford
Metropolitan areaHartford
Settled1633
Incorporated1854
Government
 • TypeSelectman-town meeting
 • First selectmanJ. Christopher Kervick (D)
 • SelectmanMichelle L. Hill (D)
 • SelectmanDenise T. Balboni (R)
Area
 • Total9.4 sq mi (24.3 km2)
 • Land9.0 sq mi (23.4 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation
157 ft (48 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total12,498
 • Density1,300/sq mi (510/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06096
Area code(s)860
FIPS code09-87070
GNIS feature ID0212355
Major highwaysI-91.svg
Commuter RailAmtrak logo 2.svg Hartford Line logo.png
Websitewww.windsorlocksct.org

History

Originally part of Windsor, Windsor Locks broke off into its own settlement in 1854[3] after the thriving Enfield Locks going around Enfield Falls which opened in 1829. The Bradley International Airport opened as a military base in 1940, and opened to civilian use in 1947. In 1967 the town boundary was somewhat altered due to the opening of the Bradley Connector. The town boundary between Windsor Locks and Windsor changed several times and was altered with Windsor Locks being on the westbound side and the Windsor side on the eastbound side with the border on the median.

The 1965 Little League World Series winning team is from Windsor Locks.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.3 km2), of which 9.0 square miles (23.4 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 3.65%, is water.[1]

Climate

Windsor Locks has a humid continental climate with hot and humid summer days to cold sometimes frigid winter nights. Average January temperature high is 36 °F (2.2 °C) and a low of 18 °F ( -7.8 °C) temps can reach zero degrees or below 4 nights a year. Summer in Windsor Locks can be hot with the average July temperature of 87 °F (30.6 °C) at daytime and 63 °F (17.2 °C) at nighttime. Temperatures at or above 90 can occur 15 to 25 days per year. The hottest temperature at Windsor Locks was 103 °F (39.4 °C) on July 22, 2011, and the coldest recorded temperature was -26 °F (-32 °C) on January 22, 1961. Average rainfall in Windsor Locks is 46.27 inches.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,587
18702,15435.7%
18802,3328.3%
18902,75818.3%
19003,06211.0%
19103,71521.3%
19203,554−4.3%
19304,07314.6%
19404,3476.7%
19505,22120.1%
196011,411118.6%
197015,08032.2%
198012,190−19.2%
199012,3581.4%
200012,043−2.5%
201012,4983.8%
Est. 201412,565[4]0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census of 2000, there are 12,043 people, 4,935 households, and 3,306 families residing in the town. The population density is 1,333.8 inhabitants per square mile (514.9/km²). There are 5,101 housing units at an average density of 218.1 persons/km² (565.0 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the town is 92.47% White, 2.67% African American, 0.12% Native American, 2.57% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. 2.22% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 4,935 households out of which 29.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% are married couples living together, 11.7% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 33.0% are non-families. 27.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.43 and the average family size is 2.97.

In the town, the population is spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females, there are 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $48,837, and the median income for a family is $59,054. Males have a median income of $41,179 versus $33,641 for females. The per capita income for the town is $23,079. 4.4% of the population and 3.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.5% are under the age of 18 and 4.7% are 65 or older.

Economy

Until 2000, Windsor Locks was home to the oldest corporation listed on the New York Stock Exchange, the Dexter Corporation. Established in 1767 as C.H. Dexter and Sons, the company grew from a family-owned saw and grist mill and evolved into a multi-national producer of long fiber papers and chemical laminates. In its 233 years of operation, the company grew from manufacturing tissues, toilet paper, and tea bags to marketing more specialized products like medical garments and industrial finishes. Faced with a proposed buyout by International Specialty Products Incorporated in 2000, the Dexter Corporation separated its three divisions and sold them off to avoid a hostile takeover.

The Life Sciences division merged with Invitrogen Corporation. The Specialty Polymers division was sold in part to AkzoNobel, and the remaining businesses merged with Loctite Corporation. The third division, Dexter Nonwoven Materials, located on the company's original site in Windsor Locks, was sold to the Finnish Ahlstrom Paper Group. The physical plant continues to operate, with offices located nearby at 2 Elm Street. In 2011, the Home and Personal Nonwovens division of Ahlstrom Windsor Locks was sold to Suominen Corporation, also headquartered in Finland.

In 1952 Hamilton Standard opened its aircraft propeller plant in Windsor Locks. In 1999, Hamilton Standard merged with Sundstrand Corporation to become Hamilton Sundstrand, which is headquartered in Windsor Locks. Hamilton Sundstrand changed names to UTC Aerospace Systems before acquiring Rockwell Collins and forming Collins Aerospace in 2018.

On 19 September 2008, the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston ceased operations at Windsor Locks and moved them to the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.[6]

Education

Primary and secondary education falls under the oversight of Windsor Locks Public Schools. Windsor Locks contains four public schools for students in grades Kindergarten to 12th grade: North Street Elementary School, South Street School, Windsor Locks Middle School, and Windsor Locks High School. Windsor Locks is also home to one correctional institution for delinquent students: Pine Meadow Academy.

Historical places

The following places are in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP):

  • Dave Pinney House and Barn — 58 West St. (added August 25, 1977)
  • Enfield Falls Canal — along Connecticut River from Windsor Locks north to Suffield CT at a location directly across the Connecticut River from Thompsonville (added May 22, 1976)
  • Memorial Hall — Intersection of South Main and Elm streets (added July 2, 1987)
  • Windsor Locks Passenger Station — Main Street (added October 2, 1975)

Notable residents

Airman to be awarded Medal of Honor 180727-F-F3227-1005
Senior Airman John Chapman, recipient of the Medal of Honor

See also

PostcardWindsorLocksCTTollBridgeWarehousePoint1910
Toll bridge over the Connecticut River, about 1910

References

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Windsor Locks town, Hartford County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
  2. ^ Connecticut Heritage (Dorothy A. DeBisschop). The Canal at Windsor Locks. Retrieved January 20, 2006.
  3. ^ The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 335.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Boston Fed Moves up Plans to Close Windsor Locks Office". Retrieved 2008-09-21.

Further reading

  • C.H. Dexter Company Records archived at University of Connecticut

External links

1965 Little League World Series

The 1965 Little League World Series took place from August 24 through August 28 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Windsor Locks Little League of Windsor Locks, Connecticut, defeated Stoney Creek Little League of Stoney Creek, Ontario, in the championship game of the 19th Little League World Series. As of 2019, this remains Canada's only championship game appearance.

2019 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress crash

On October 2, 2019, a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress owned by the Collings Foundation crashed at Bradley International Airport, Windsor Locks, Connecticut, United States. Seven of the thirteen people on board were killed, and the other six, as well as one person on the ground, were injured. The aircraft was destroyed by fire, with only the tail and a portion of one wing remaining.

American Airlines Flight 1572

American Airlines Flight 1572 was a flight from Chicago O'Hare International Airport to Bradley International Airport on November 12, 1995. The McDonnell Douglas MD-83 struck trees and an instrument landing system (ILS) antenna during landing, causing $9 million in damage to the aircraft.

Bradley International Airport

Bradley International Airport (IATA: BDL, ICAO: KBDL, FAA LID: BDL) is a civil/military airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. Owned and operated by the Connecticut Airport Authority, it is the second-largest airport in New England.The airport is about halfway between Hartford and Springfield. It is Connecticut's busiest commercial airport and the second-busiest airport in New England after Boston's Logan International Airport, with about 6.4 million passengers in 2017. The four largest carriers at Bradley International Airport are Southwest, Delta, JetBlue, and American with market shares of 29%, 19%, 15%, and 14%, respectively. As a dual-use military facility with the U.S. Air Force, the airport is home to the 103d Airlift Wing (103 AW) of the Connecticut Air National Guard.

In 2017 Bradley was the 53rd-busiest airport in the United States, by passengers enplaned. Bradley was originally branded as the "Gateway to New England" and is home to the New England Air Museum. In 2016 Bradley International launched its new brand, "Love The Journey".The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021 categorized it as a medium-hub primary commercial service facility.The former discount department store chain Bradlees was named after the airport as many of the early planning meetings were held there.

Bridge Street Bridge

Bridge Street Bridge may refer to:

Bridge Street Bridge (Newark)

Bridge Street Bridge (Trenton)

Bridge Street Bridge (Connecticut River)

Bridge Street Bridge (Elkhart, Indiana)

Bridge Street Bridge, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Victoria Bridge, Montreal, the bridge at the base of Bridge Street, Montreal

Collins Aerospace

Collins Aerospace, a United Technologies subsidiary, is one of the world's largest suppliers of aerospace and defense products, headquartered in West Palm Beach, Florida.

Dexter Coffin Bridge

The Dexter Coffin Bridge is a crossing for Interstate 91 over the Connecticut River north of Hartford, Connecticut, connecting the towns of Windsor Locks, Connecticut and East Windsor, Connecticut. It can be seen from the Windsor Locks Amtrak station.

Ella Grasso

Ella Tambussi Grasso (May 10, 1919 – February 5, 1981) was an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who served as the 83rd Governor of Connecticut from January 8, 1975, to December 31, 1980. She was the first woman elected to this office and the first woman to be elected governor of a U.S. state without having been the spouse or widow of a former governor. She resigned as Governor due to her battle with ovarian cancer.

Grasso started in politics as a member of the League of Women Voters and Democratic speech writer. She was first elected to the Connecticut House of Representatives in 1952, becoming the first female Floor Leader in 1955. Her next office was Secretary of State of Connecticut, where she won re-election twice. Grasso went on to serve to serve two terms in the United States House of Representatives, from 1970-1974.

Enfield Falls Canal

Enfield Falls Canal (Windsor Locks Canal) is a canal that was built to circumvent the shallows at Enfield Falls (or Enfield Rapids) on the Connecticut River, between Hartford, Connecticut and Springfield, Massachusetts. It is situated along the west side of the river, adjacent to the towns of Suffield and Windsor Locks in Hartford County in the state of Connecticut, USA. Windsor Locks is named after the series of locks on the canal.

FlightSimCon

FlightSimCon is an annual aviation and flight simulation conference held on the grounds of Hartford's Bradley International Airport, just north of Hartford, Connecticut. Until 2016, the event was held at the nearby New England Air Museum. The event has grown in size every year since its inception, from about 40 attendees in 2013 to over 320 in 2015. FlightSimCon 2016 was the fourth annual FlightSimCon event, and was held June 11–12, 2016, at the New England Air Museum. FlightSimCon 2016 saw over 520 people attend the event.FlightSimCon 2017 is scheduled for June 10-11, 2017.

Hamilton Sundstrand

Hamilton Sundstrand was an American globally active corporation that manufactured and supported aerospace and industrial products for worldwide markets. A subsidiary of United Technologies Corporation, it was headquartered in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. The company was formed from the merger of Hamilton Standard and Sundstrand Corporation in 1999. In 2012, Hamilton Sundstrand was merged with Goodrich Corporation to form UTC Aerospace Systems. In 2018, UTC Aerospace Systems and Rockwell Collins combined to form Collins Aerospace.

Kathryn Morris

Kathryn Susan Morris (born January 28, 1969) is an American actress, best known for her lead role as Detective Lilly Rush in the CBS series Cold Case.

Kim Zolciak-Biermann

Kimberleigh Marie Zolciak-Biermann (born May 19, 1978) is an American television personality and singer. In 2008, she rose to prominence as one of the original housewives that appeared on the reality television series The Real Housewives of Atlanta aired on Bravo.

Zolciak-Biermann left The Real Housewives of Atlanta in 2012 during the fifth season of the series. Earlier that year, she received her own spin-off show titled Don't Be Tardy for the Wedding, which focused on the preparation of her wedding to football player Kroy Biermann. The series was subsequently renewed for a second season with a shortened title, Don't Be Tardy. The fourth season of the show premiered on August 16, 2015. In 2015, she was one of the contestants of the 21st season of the dancing competition series Dancing with the Stars.

Memorial Hall (Windsor Locks, Connecticut)

Memorial Hall is a historic meeting hall at South Main and Elm Streets in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. Built in 1890 as a memorial to the town's American Civil War soldiers, it has served for most of its existence has a meeting place for veterans' organizations, from the Grand Army of the Republic to the American Legion. It is also one of the town's finest examples of Romanesque architecturer, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.

New England Air Museum

The New England Air Museum (NEAM) is an aerospace museum located at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, U.S.A.. The museum consists of three display hangars and has additional storage-only hangars. It houses 66 aircraft, 26 helicopters, a variety of missiles, ejection seats, and other pieces of flight-related equipment. The museum also conducts tours, children's activities, and hosts special events.Exhibits include the history of Sikorsky Aircraft, computer-based flight simulators, and the 58th Bombardment Wing Memorial's B-29. Additionally, there are exhibits on early French aviation, the Tuskegee Airmen, the Kosciuszko Squadron, and the 57th Fighter Group.

The museum library has books, periodicals, technical manuals and National Air and Space Museum photographs. Additional materials such as photographs, microfilm and movies are cataloged by the Museum.The museum also restores aircraft on a regular basis, including a Lockheed Model 10 Electra, a Boeing B-29 Superfortress, and a Gee Bee Model R.

In previous years, the museum was home to FlightSimCon, an annual flight simulation conference. However, it has since moved to the nearby Sheraton Hotel at the airport.

Springfield Airport (Massachusetts)

Springfield Airport was an airfield operational in the mid-20th century in Springfield, Massachusetts. Its market has been more recently served by the Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut.

Granville Brothers Aircraft was based at the airfield. The land is now occupied by a shopping center.

William Hayden (soldier)

William Hayden, was the Adjutant General of the State of Connecticut from 1835 to 1836. The Hayden family was a prominent family of Windsor, Connecticut and among the first settlers to the region. The family traces its roots back to England and the services of King Henry VIII.

Windsor Locks, Connecticut, tornado

The Windsor Locks, Connecticut tornado struck the towns of Windsor, Windsor Locks, and Suffield, Connecticut and Feeding Hills, Massachusetts on Wednesday, October 3, 1979. The short-lived but intense tornado struck without warning and caused three deaths and 500 injuries.

The storm, rated F4 on the Fujita scale, also caused more than $400 million in property damage along an 11.3-mile (18.2 km) path, and ranks as the ninth most destructive tornado in American history.

Windsor Locks Canal State Park Trail

Windsor Locks Canal State Park Trail is a public recreation area that parallels the Connecticut River for 4.5 miles (7.2 km) between Suffield and Windsor Locks, Connecticut. The modern paved surface covers the original dirt towpath of the historic Enfield Falls Canal. The park is used for fishing, hiking, and biking.

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