Windsor, Vermont

Windsor is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. As the "Birthplace of Vermont", the town is where the Constitution of Vermont was adopted in 1777, thus marking the founding of the Vermont Republic—a sovereign state until 1791 when Vermont joined the United States. Over much of its history, Windsor was home to a variety of manufacturing enterprises. The population was 3,553 at the 2010 census.[4]

Windsor, Vermont
Old Constitution House, where the Constitution of the Vermont Republic was signed
Birthplace of Vermont
Freedom and Unity[1]
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Windsor is located in Vermont
Location in the United States
Windsor is located in the United States
Windsor (the United States)
Coordinates: 43°28′36″N 72°24′4″W / 43.47667°N 72.40111°WCoordinates: 43°28′36″N 72°24′4″W / 43.47667°N 72.40111°W
Country United States
State Vermont
 • Total19.8 sq mi (51.2 km2)
 • Land19.5 sq mi (50.6 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
1,066 ft (325 m)
 • Total3,553
 • Density180/sq mi (69/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)802
FIPS code50-84925[2]
GNIS feature ID1462266[3]


One of the New Hampshire grants, Windsor was chartered as a town on July 6, 1761, by colonial governor Benning Wentworth. It was first settled in August 1764 by Captain Steele Smith and his family from Farmington, Connecticut. In 1777, the signers of the Constitution of the Vermont Republic met at Old Constitution House, a tavern at the time, to declare independence from the British Empire (the Vermont Republic would not become a state until 1791). In 1820, it was the state's largest town, a thriving center for trade and agriculture. In 1835, the first dam was built across Mill Brook to provide water power. Factories made guns, machinery, tinware, furniture and harnesses. The community is named for Windsor, Connecticut.[1]

In 1846, Robbins and Lawrence received a government contract to manufacture firearms. Using advanced machine tools to produce interchangeable parts, they and their associates established factories in the Connecticut River valley and throughout New England. Two factories, now both closed, sustained the economy of Windsor: Cone Automatic Machine Company and a Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company plant.

Windsor village began development at the end of the 18th century and achieved importance in Vermont history as the location of the framing of the constitution of Vermont. It is known as the birthplace of Vermont, where the state constitution was signed, and acted as the first capital until 1805 when Montpelier became the official state capital.[1]

Commerce prospered due to the village's location on the banks of the Connecticut River where several smaller streams run into it. The economy improved in the mid-19th century when Windsor became the first town in the state to break ground for the railroad with the construction of a rail depot. Windsor Station connected the town to out-of-state markets. It was after the railroad went through that the area was discovered by tourists.

Windsor's war memorial, the City Center Veterans Memorial, was created by sculptor Lawrence Nowlan.[5]

Main Street, Windsor, VT

Main Street circa 1910

Windsor, Vermont (2675176211)

Print of Windsor from 1886 by L.R. Burleigh with list of landmarks depicted

American Precision Museum Windsor Vermont

American Precision Museum is the old Robbins and Lawrence factory.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.8 square miles (51.2 km2), of which 19.5 square miles (50.6 km2) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.5 km2) (1.06%) is water. Home to part of Mount Ascutney, Windsor is situated beside the Connecticut River.

The town is crossed by Interstate 91, U.S. Route 5, Vermont Route 12, Vermont Route 44, and Vermont Route 44A. It is bordered by the town of Weathersfield to the south, West Windsor to the west, and Hartland to the north. To the east, across the Connecticut River, is Cornish, New Hampshire, to which Windsor is connected by the Cornish–Windsor Covered Bridge, one of the longest covered bridges in the world.

Cornish windsor bridge

Cornish–Windsor Covered Bridge, built 1866, rebuilt 1988


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20173,398[6]−4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 3,756 people, 1,520 households, and 945 families residing in the town. The population density was 192.1 people per square mile (74.2/km2). There were 1,611 housing units at an average density of 82.4 per square mile (31.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.74% White, 0.24% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population.

There were 1,520 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,815, and the median income for a family was $43,551. Males had a median income of $29,897 versus $23,313 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,640. About 6.4% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.


Windsor is served by Windsor School District, Vermont. The district is home to the Windsor Yellow Jackets and serves grades kindergarten to twelfth. The two schools in the district are Windsor State Street School and Windsor High School.[8][9]

Windsor VT High School

Windsor Jr/Sr High School

Windsor VT Library

Windsor Public Library on State St.


Health care

The Mt. Ascutney Hospital and Health Center is located in Windsor.


Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service through Windsor, operating its Vermonter between Washington, D.C. and St. Albans, Vermont.

Windsor VT Mt Ascutney Hospital

Mt. Ascutney Hospital

Windsor Station

Windsor Amtrack Station

Windsor VT Post Office

US Post Office on US Route 5



Moon Dance Since 1999, Windsor has regularly hosted this Autumn street festival, complete with live bands, magicians, and hypnotists.[10]


Windsor is home to Paradise Park in the Windsor Town Forest which borders Runnemede Lake

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Profile for Windsor, Vermont, VT". ePodunk. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Windsor town, Windsor County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
  5. ^ "Sculptor commissioned to complete Joe Frazier statue has died". Barre Montpelier Times Argus. 2013-08-02. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions, by County: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017". Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  8. ^ "Windsor School District". Windsor School District. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  9. ^ "Windsor School District". Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  10. ^ Windsor’s Moondance Festival Planned October 5. The Vermont Journal. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  11. ^ Wiley, Edgar J. (1917). Catalogue of Officers and Students of Middlebury College. Middlebury, VT: Middlebury College. p. 10.
  12. ^ Bisbee, Marvin Davis (1900). General Catalogue of Dartmouth College and the Associated Schools 1769-1900. Cambridge, MA: University Press. pp. 121–122.
  13. ^ "EVERETT, Horace, (1779 - 1851)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  14. ^ "HORTON, Valentine Baxter, (1802 - 1888)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  15. ^ "HUBBARD, Jonathan Hatch, (1768 - 1849)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  16. ^ "HUNTER, William, (1754 - 1827)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  17. ^ Ullery, Jacob G. (1894). Men of Vermont Illustrated. Brattleboro, VT: Transcript Publishing Company. p. 178.
  18. ^ "Bob Keeshan". IMDb. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  19. ^ Condos, James (2011). "Vermont Secretaries of State, 1778-Present". Vermont Government Officials: State Officers. Montpelier, VT: Vermont Secretary of State.
  20. ^ "Vermont Vital Records, 1720-1908: Death and Burial Entry for Thomas Leverett". Provo, UT:, LLC. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  21. ^ "STOWELL, William Henry Harrison, (1840 - 1922)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  22. ^ Taft, Russell S. (March 1, 1894). "The Supreme Court of Vermont, Part IV: John C. Thompson". The Green Bag. Boston, MA: Boston Book Company. pp. 123–124.
  23. ^ New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 47, 1916, page 314

Further reading

External links

American Precision Museum

The American Precision Museum is located in the renovated 1846 Robbins & Lawrence factory on South Main Street in Windsor, Vermont. The building is said to be the first U.S. factory at which precision interchangeable parts were made, giving birth to the precision machine tool industry. In recognition of this history, the building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1966.A "machine tool" is a machine which makes parts to other machines, such as screws or gun stocks, generally without a skilled craftsman doing the precision work. Instead, a machine operator controls the machine as it does the precision work. Lathes, milling machines, and drill presses are precision machine tools. The museum has the largest collection of historically significant machine tools in the United States.

The museum is open daily from 10am until 5pm from Memorial Day Weekend through October.

Bob Keeshan

Robert James Keeshan (June 27, 1927 – January 23, 2004) was an American television producer and actor. He created and played the title role in the children's television program Captain Kangaroo, which ran from 1955 to 1984, the longest-running nationally broadcast children's television program of its day.Keeshan also played the original Clarabell the Clown on the Howdy Doody television program.

Brownsville, Vermont

Brownsville is an unincorporated community in West Windsor, Vermont, United States. Located on State Route 44, the village houses a number of administrative offices for the town of West Windsor.

Carlos Coolidge

Carlos Coolidge (June 25, 1792 – August 15, 1866) was an American Whig politician, a lawyer, a Vermont State Representative, the Speaker of the Vermont House, a State Senator, and the nineteenth Governor of Vermont.

Cornish–Windsor Covered Bridge

The Cornish–Windsor Covered Bridge is a one hundred and fifty-three-year-old, two-span, timber King-truss, interstate, covered bridge that crosses the Connecticut River between Cornish, New Hampshire (on the east), and Windsor, Vermont (on the west). Until 2008, when the Smolen–Gulf Bridge opened in Ohio, it had been the longest covered bridge (still standing) in the United States.

Edward Curtis (politician)

Edward Curtis (born October 25, 1801 in Windsor, Vermont – died August 2, 1856) was a Representative from New York for two terms, March 4, 1837 through March 3, 1841. He served as Collector of the Port of New York beginning on March 23, 1841 until July 7, 1844.

Ezra Butler

Ezra Butler (September 24, 1763 – July 12, 1838) was an American clergyman, politician, lawyer, judge, the 11th Governor of Vermont, and a United States Representative from Vermont.

Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard

Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard (August 22, 1802 in Windsor, Vermont – September 14, 1886 in Chicago, Illinois) was an American fur trader, insurance underwriter, and land speculator. Hubbard first arrived in Chicago on October 1, 1818 as a voyageur. He went on to build Chicago's first stockyard and help foment a land boom for Chicago in the East.

Henry D. Washburn

Henry Dana Washburn (March 28, 1832 – January 26, 1871) was a U.S. Representative from Indiana and a colonel and brevet brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Horace Everett

Horace Everett (July 17, 1779 – January 30, 1851) was an American politician. He served as a United States Representative from Vermont.

Matt Salinger

Matthew Robert Salinger (; born February 13, 1960) is an American actor and producer, known for his appearances in the films Revenge of the Nerds and Captain America. He is the son of author J. D. Salinger and psychologist Alison Claire Douglas.

Mount Ascutney

Mount Ascutney is a monadnock located in southern Vermont. With a summit elevation of about 3144 feet (958 m.), it is the second-highest peak in Windsor County, Vermont (the highest is Gillespie Peak to the west). Particularly noteworthy about Ascutney are its granite outcrops, one of which, near its peak, serves as a launching point for hang-gliders. The mountain is very steep, and its trails traverse a Vermont state forest.

While the name "Ascutney" was originally thought to come from the Abenaki word Ascutegnik, which was the name of a settlement near where the Sugar River meets the Connecticut River, it was later determined that the name actually has no meaning. The Abenaki name for the mountain is Kaskadenak (pronounced: Cas-Cad-Nac), which means "mountain of the rocky summit" or "wide mountain". In July 2018, the State of Vermont Board of Libraries, which has the state's mountain naming authority, heard arguments to officially rename the mountain to Mount Kaskadenak. The renaming had strong support from the indigenous tribes. The Board voted 5-0 to reject the name change citing local opposition from residents.The mountain's base straddles several villages — Ascutney, Brownsville, Windsor, and West Windsor — and it is located only several miles off exit 8 on Interstate 91. The mountain itself is visible from the top of Mount Washington, seventy miles away.

Nathaniel Simonds

Nathaniel Simonds (1775–1850) was a U.S. politician from Missouri.

He was born in Windsor, Vermont, and settled in St. Charles, Missouri in February, 1801. Prior to becoming state treasurer, he served as Sheriff of St. Charles County, Missouri, and pursued business ventures including operating a tavern in St. Charles, and a stage and mail coach route between St. Charles and St. Louis

In September, 1821, he was appointed as the second State Treasurer of Missouri. Following his retirement as state treasurer in 1829, he settled in Lincoln County, Missouri. He died in Troy, Missouri, on April 20, 1850.

Robert Alden

Reverend Edwin Hyde Alden, known as Robert Alden (January 14, 1836 – May 6, 1911) was one of the many real people upon whom Laura Ingalls Wilder based a character in the "Little House on the Prairie" series of books and the NBC television series of the same name.

Valentine B. Horton

Valentine Baxter Horton (January 29, 1802 – January 14, 1888) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio during the first two years of the American Civil War.

West Windsor, Vermont

West Windsor is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,099 at the 2010 census.

Windsor (CDP), Vermont

Windsor is a census-designated place (CDP) comprising the main settlement within the town of Windsor, Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population of the CDP was 2,066 at the 2010 census, compared with 3,553 for the town as a whole.

Windsor Vermont Senate District, 2002–2012

The Windsor Senate District is one of 13 Vermont Senate districts included in the redistricting and reapportionment plan developed by the Vermont General Assembly following the 2000 U.S. Census. The plan applies to legislatures elected in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. A new plan will be developed in 2012 following the 2010 U.S. Census.

The Windsor District includes all of Windsor County.

As of the 2000 census, the state as a whole had a population of 608,827. As there are a total of 30 Senators, there were 20,294 residents per senator. The Windsor District had a population of 57,418 in that same census. The district is apportioned three senators. This equals 19,139 residents per senator, 5.69% below the state average.

Windsor station (Vermont)

Windsor, also known as Windsor-Mt. Ascutney, is an Amtrak intercity train station in Windsor, Vermont currently served by the Vermonter train over the New England Central Railroad line tracks.

The station building is owned by Stacy and Jon Capurso who operate the Windsor Station Restaurant & Barroom there.

Places adjacent to Windsor, Vermont
Municipalities and communities of Windsor County, Vermont, United States


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