Winchendon, Massachusetts

Winchendon is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 10,300 at the 2010 census. The town includes the villages of Waterville and Winchendon Springs (also known as Spring Village). A census-designated place, also named Winchendon, is defined within the town for statistical purposes. The Winchendon State Forest, a 174.5 acres (70.62 hectares) parcel, is located within the township as is Otter River State Forest; both recreational areas are managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation

Winchendon, Massachusetts
Clyde II
Clyde II
Official seal of Winchendon, Massachusetts

Seal
Nickname(s): 
Toy Town
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°41′10″N 72°02′40″W / 42.68611°N 72.04444°WCoordinates: 42°41′10″N 72°02′40″W / 42.68611°N 72.04444°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyWorcester
Settled1753
Incorporated1764
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Town
   Manager
Keith R. Hickey
 • Board of Selectmen[1]Barbara Anderson, Chair (2018)
Audrey LaBrie, Vice Chair (2019)
Michael Barbaro (2018)
Austin Cyganiewicz (2019)
Area
 • Total44.1 sq mi (114.1 km2)
 • Land43.3 sq mi (112.1 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
Elevation
1,000 ft (305 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,300
 • Density230/sq mi (90/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01475
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-80405
GNIS feature ID0618394
Websitehttp://www.townofwinchendon.com/

History

Winchendon is a small town in north-central Massachusetts, originally the country of the Pennacook Indians, and then the Nipnet/Nipmuck tribe.

The House of Representatives made the grant of New Ipswich Canada, now Winchendon, on June 10, 1735, in answer to a petition from Lt. Abraham Tilton of Ipswich. The petition was on behalf of veterans or surviving heirs participating in the 1690 expeditions against Canada. Winchendon was officially incorporated in 1764,[2] named after Nether Winchendon, Buckinghamshire, England, which itself was the site of land owned by Governor Francis Bernard, who signed the town's incorporation into law. (The English village would be where the Governor would die, fifteen years later.) The Millers River provided water power for mills, and at one time Winchendon produced so many wooden shingles that it was nicknamed Shingletown.

Morton E. Converse started his business career in Converseville, New Hampshire, manufacturing acids. In 1873, he purchased a nearby mill to make wooden products. Apparently he started making toys there, but soon teamed with Orland Mason of Winchendon to form the Mason & Converse Company, which lasted until 1883. Converse then partnered with his uncle, Alfred C. Converse, and Converse Toy & Woodenware Company was formed. In 1887, the company changed its name to Morton E. Converse & Company. It remained in business until 1934.

Converse made a great variety of toys, including Noah's Arks, doll furniture, kiddie riding racers, hobby horses, floor whirligigs, drums, wagon blocks, building blocks, pianos, trunks, ten pins, farm houses, and musical roller chimes. Such a large number of toys were made in Winchendon that it became known as Toy Town.[2]

The original Giant Rocking Horse was built in 1912 by Morton Converse. The 12-foot (3.7 m) grey hobby horse was named Clyde, and made from nine pine trees. It was a copy of the company’s #12 rocking horse. In 1914, Clyde entered the local parade to celebrate the town’s 150th anniversary. Clyde was moved to the railroad station for about 20 years. Then in 1934, he moved to the edge of the Toy Town Tavern for about 30 years. After that, he was put in storage and fell into disrepair. A replica, Clyde II, was sculpted in 1988 using the original as a model. He is now on display in a covered pavilion.

Spring Village

10.1 Glenallen Mill
A second mill in Winchendon Springs on Glenallan Street was operational from 1886 until closing in 1929, during the economic decline of the Great Depression
Adrienne Pagnette, and adolescent French illiterate, speaks almost no English. Is probably 14 or 15. Doffs on the top... - NARA - 523447
Teen laborer in Spring Village Mill, 1911. Photo by Lewis Hine.

In addition to the manufacturing of wood products, Winchendon is known for its textile business during the Industrial Revolution. Located at the headwaters of the Millers River, Joseph ‘Deacon’ White of West Boylston, Massachusetts, with his son Nelson, purchased a textile mill in Spring Village in 1843. By 1857, the Nelson Mills had revamped a previous facility. In 1870, Joseph N. White, son of Nelson, traveled to Canada to recruit additional workers from Quebec. Spring Village became a prototype ‘company town’ with jobs, housing and a school for its workers. A second mill was built in 1887 and was known as the Glenallan Mill. The business thrived during the last half of the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries. As the south was modernized during the 1930s, textile operations in New England migrated south. In 1911, Lewis Hine,[3] a noted photographer employed by the US Government, visited the Nelson Mills in Spring Village and documented the presence of child laborers, particularly teenage girls who were employed at reloading spindles of cotton thread for the looms. Both World War II and the Korean War demands for denim were instrumental in keeping White Brothers, Inc. in business; the organization ceased operations in 1956 due to economic pressures from industrialization of the south.[4]

Geography and transportation

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.1 square miles (114 km2), of which 43.3 square miles (112 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), or 1.77%, is water. Winchendon is drained by the Millers River. Winchendon is home to the Lake Dennison Recreation Area and Whitney Pond, and shares Lake Monomonac with Rindge, New Hampshire to the north. Along the path of the Millers River, in the western part of town, much of the land is marshy, with several brooks feeding into both the Millers River and the nearby Otter River, which flows into the Millers River in the southwest corner of town. The town lies on relatively flat high ground, with the western slope of Town Line Hill (1,320 ft) being the highest point in town, near the southeast corner of town. Two protected areas, the Birch Hill Wildlife Management Area and the Otter River State Forest, both have part of their lands within the town, as well as the small Winchendon State Forest.

Winchendon is the middle town of the three Worcester County towns bordering New Hampshire's Cheshire County. It is bounded by Fitzwilliam and Rindge to the north, Ashburnham to the east, Gardner to the southeast, Templeton to the southwest, and Royalston to the west. From its town center, Winchendon is 16 miles (26 km) northwest of Fitchburg, 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Keene, New Hampshire, 35 miles (56 km) north-northwest of Worcester and 60 miles (97 km) northwest of Boston.

Below the Dam, Winchendon, MA
Below the Dam, 1909

Winchendon has no interstate or limited access highways within town; the nearest is Route 2, the major east-west route through the northern part of the state, in Templeton and Gardner. U.S. Route 202 passes through the town before heading into New Hampshire. Route 12 also passes through the town, from Ashburnham towards Fitzwilliam and Keene. The northern terminus of Route 140 is also within town, at its intersection with Route 12. This intersection was improved around the turn of the 21st century to include stoplights, in order to make it safer (as it had been a common site for accidents within town). When Route 140 was rerouted to bypass the Town of Gardner in the 1970s, Winchendon's status as a bedroom community was facilitated by easy access to Route 2 and points east toward Greater Boston, I-495 and I-95.

The Boston & Albany Railroad had an important junction in town; the former station was location on Center and Railroad Streets. Freight service ended in the 1980s when successor Guilford Rail System abandoned the line, which followed Route 12 for much of its route.

A line of the Montachusett Regional Transit Authority (MRTA) links the town with Gardner (and, in the mornings, directly with Fitchburg). There is no air service within town; the nearest small airport is Gardner Municipal Airport in Templeton, and the nearest national air service is located at Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in New Hampshire.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18502,445—    
18602,624+7.3%
18703,398+29.5%
18803,722+9.5%
18904,390+17.9%
19005,001+13.9%
19105,678+13.5%
19205,904+4.0%
19306,202+5.0%
19406,575+6.0%
19506,585+0.2%
19606,237−5.3%
19706,635+6.4%
19807,019+5.8%
19908,805+25.4%
20009,611+9.2%
201010,300+7.2%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 9,611 people, 3,447 households, and 2,478 families residing in the town. The population density was 222.0 inhabitants per square mile (85.7/km2). There were 3,660 housing units at an average density of 84.6 per square mile (32.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.96% White, 0.80% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.03% of the population.

There were 3,447 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the town, the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $43,750, and the median income for a family was $50,086. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $29,099 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,798. About 6.8% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over. The local senior high is Murdock High School.

Library

The Winchendon public library began in 1867.[16][17] In 1907 the library trustees approached philanthropist, Andrew Carnegie to fund a new facility; when Carnegie declined to increase his funding from $12,500 to $25,000, Charles L. Beals, a local businessman, presented the Selectman of Winchendon a check for $25,000 to fund a new library.[18] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Winchendon spent 0.62% ($149,399) of its budget on its public library—some $14 per person.[19]

Commerce

The town's largest employer is Saloom Furniture Company, a dining furniture manufacturer that has two factories with 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of space.[20]

Points of interest

Notable people

See also

Gallery

2 - Spring Village Mill

Spring Village's Nelson Mill, c. 1860s

Central Street, Winchendon, MA

Central Street, 1905

General View, Winchendon, MA

General View, 1906

Bird's-eye View, Winchendon, MA

Bird's-eye View, c. 1906

Converse Residence, Winchendon, MA

Converse House, c. 1908

1915 Winchendon library

Beals Memorial Library, 1915

Marchmont - Winchendon Springs MA

Marchmont aka "The Castle", constructed 1888, demolished 1956

References

  1. ^ "Town of Winchendon, MA - Board of Selectmen". Town of Winchendon, MA. Retrieved 2016-10-28.
  2. ^ a b http://www.townofwinchendon.com/history1.html
  3. ^ Joe Manning http://morningsonmaplestreet.com/lewis-hine-project-index-of-stories/lewis-hine-in-winchendon-massachusetts/
  4. ^ Winchendon Years 1764 - 1964 by Lois Greenwood 1970
  5. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  6. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891.
  17. ^ Beals Memorial Library. Retrieved 2010-11-10
  18. ^ Winchendon Years 1764 - 1964 on page 146 by Lois Greenwood, 1970
  19. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports. Retrieved 2010-08-04
  20. ^ "The Saloom Story". Saloom Furniture Company. Retrieved 2011-01-27.

Further reading

External links

Albert H. Bowker

Albert Hosmer Bowker (September 8, 1919 – January 20, 2008) was an American statistician and university administrator. Born in Massachusetts, he worked at Stanford University in the late 1940s to early 1950s. In 1953, he was elected as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association. He then served as Chancellor of the City University of New York from 1963 to 1971. During this period, in 1964, he married his second wife, Rosedith Sitgreaves, herself a notable statistician who had gone through the graduate program in statistics at Columbia University with Bowker and was at the time a professor at Columbia. He served as Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley from 1971 to 1980 until serving as U.S. Assistant Secretary for Post-Secondary Education in the Carter administration. After 1 year, he went to the University of Maryland to serve as Dean of the School of Public Affairs. He died of pancreatic cancer in 2008.

Artemas Hale

Artemas Hale (October 20, 1783 – August 3, 1882) was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts.

Born in Winchendon, Massachusetts, Hale received a limited education and worked on a farm. He taught school in Hingham, Massachusetts from 1804 to 1814. He became interested in the manufacture of cotton gins in Bridgewater. He served as member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1824, 1825, 1827, and 1828. He served in the Massachusetts Senate in 1833 and 1834. He was again a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives 1838-1842. He served as delegate to the state constitutional convention in 1853.

Hale was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth Congresses (March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1849). He engaged in agricultural pursuits. He served as presidential elector on the Republican ticket in 1864. He died in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, August 3, 1882. He was interred in Mount Prospect Cemetery.

Blueberry Island (Massachusetts)

Blueberry Island is an inhabited island in Worcester County, Massachusetts. It is surrounded by Lake Monomonac, an artificial lake that straddles the border between Rindge, New Hampshire, and Winchendon, Massachusetts.

Channel 17 virtual TV stations in the United States

The following television stations operate on virtual channel 17 in the United States:

K12QZ-D in San Luis Obispo, California

K17BV-D in Redwood Falls, Minnesota

K17DL-D in Branson, Missouri

K17DU-D in Christmas Valley, Oregon

K17ED-D in Payette, Idaho

K17FU-D in Marshfield, Missouri

K17GD-D in Paso Robles, California

K17GE-D in Dove Creek, etc., Colorado

K17GJ in Twentynine Palms, California

K17HI-D in Amarillo, Texas

K17II-D in Logan, Utah

K17JJ-D in Cortez, Colorado

K17JN-D in Enid, Oklahoma

K17KW-D in Gettysburg, South Dakota

K17LM-D in Yuma, Arizona

K17MW-D in St. James, Minnesota

K26OH-D in Roseau, Minnesota

K47OQ-D in Alexandria, Minnesota

KAAS-LP in Garden City, Kansas

KABH-CD in Bend, Oregon

KBMY in Bismarck, North Dakota

KBNT-CD in San Diego, California

KDOR-TV in Bartlesville, Oklahoma

KDSM-TV in Des Moines, Iowa

KEEN-CD in Las Vegas, Nevada

KGET-TV in Bakersfield, California

KGLU-LD in Ottumwa, Iowa

KHJL-LD in Rapid City, South Dakota

KIDU-LD in Brownwood, Texas

KJRW in Eureka, California

KLDF-CD in Lompoc, California

KMIZ in Columbia, Missouri

KMOL-LD in Victoria, Texas

KMPH-CD in Merced-Mariposa, California

KNIC-DT in Blanco, Texas

KNTS-LP in Natchitoches, Louisiana

KOCW in Hoisington, Kansas

KODG-LP in Palm Springs, California

KPCB-DT in Snyder, Texas

KSAS-LP in Dodge City, Kansas

KSBB-CD in Santa Barbara, California

KSWL-LD in Lake Charles, Louisiana

KVAT-LD in Austin, Texas

KVDO-LD in Albany, Oregon

KWVT-LD in Salem, Oregon

KYTL-LD in Twin Falls, Idaho

W09CZ-D in Roslyn, New York

W17CT-D in Manteo, North Carolina

W17DF-D in Muskegon, Michigan

W17DL-D in Toa Baja, Puerto Rico

W23ER-D in Poughkeepsie, New York

W31BX-D in Danville, Illinois

W40CV-D in Jacksonville, Illinois

W41DI-D in Bat Cave, etc., North Carolina

W42AX-D in Bakersville, North Carolina

W42CB-D in Hesperia, Michigan

W44DW-D in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico

W45AA-D in Columbia, Mississippi

W51EE-D in Marion, North Carolina

WALE-LD in Montgomery, Alabama

WAND in Decatur, Illinois

WBKH-LD in Port Charlotte, Florida

WCWJ in Jacksonville, Florida

WDBB in Bessemer, Alabama

WDEM-CD in Columbus, Ohio

WDLI-TV in Canton, Ohio

WDYI-LD in Macon, Georgia

WEWA-LD in Wewahitchka, Florida

WIIH-CD in Indianapolis, Indiana

WKTD-CD in Portsmouth, Virginia

WLRN-TV in Miami, Florida

WMAU-TV in Bude, Mississippi

WMHT in Schenectady, New York

WNCN in Goldsboro, North Carolina

WNDT-CD in Manhattan, New York

WNED-TV in Buffalo, New York

WOIW-LD in Lima, Ohio

WPCH-TV in Atlanta, Georgia

WPGF-LD in Memphis, Tennessee

WPHL-TV in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

WQFT-LD in Ocala, Florida

WRLW-CD in Salem, Indiana

WTVO in Rockford, Illinois

WUMN-LD in Minneapolis, Minnesota

WUNE-TV in Linville, North Carolina

WVMA-CD in Winchendon, Massachusetts

WVXF in Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands

WXMI in Grand Rapids, Michigan

WXVT-LD in Cleveland, Mississippi

WZTV in Nashville, Tennessee

Dudley W. Adams

Dudley Whitney Adams (November 30, 1831 in Winchendon, Worcester County, Massachusetts – February 13, 1897 in Tangerine, Florida) was a horticulturalist who led the granger movement.

Earle E. Partridge

Earle Everard "Pat" Partridge (July 7, 1900 – September 7, 1990) was a 4-star general in the United States Air Force and a Command Pilot.

Partridge enlisted in the United States Army in July 1918 at Fort Slocum, New York, and was assigned to the 5th Engineer Training Regiment. He went to France in August 1918 to join the 79th Division, participating in the Battle of Saint-Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensive.

Partridge graduated from the United States Military Academy in the Class of 1924.

He received flight training at Brooks Field and Kelly Field, and was a stunt pilot in the 1927 silent film Wings.

He taught mathematics at West Point, then went to the Panama Canal Zone with the 6th Composite Group. He was adjutant and assistant operations officer of the 1st Pursuit Group at Selfridge Field, and commanding officer of the 94th Pursuit Squadron.

In 1943, Partridge became chief of staff of the Fifteenth Air Force, and was named deputy commander of the Eighth Air Force in 1944. That June, he became commander of the 3rd Bomb Division, and assisted in its reorganization and movement to Okinawa.

Partridge returned to Headquarters Army Air Forces in January 1946 as assistant chief of staff for operations. He went to Japan in October 1948 as commanding general of the Fifth Air Force, serving through the first year of the Korean War. On his return to the United States in June 1951, he commanded the newly formed Air Research and Development Command at Baltimore, Maryland.

In April 1954, he became commander of the Far East Air Forces at Tokyo. He then became acting Commander of the Air Defense Command from 20 July 1955 to 17 September 1956; he was later named commander in chief of the North American Air Defense Command and the Air Defense Command, at Ent Air Force Base, Colorado Springs.

He retired from active duty on July 31, 1959.

Partridge's awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal, Distinguished Flying Cross, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star, four Air Medals, World War I Victory Medal, American Defense Service Medal, World War II Victory Medal, Korean Service Medal, United Nations Korea Medal, Belgian Croix de Guerre with Palm; Companion, British Order of the Bath; French Croix de Guerre with two Palms; Knight, French Legion of Honor; Commander's Cross with Star, Polish Order of Polonia Restituta, and the Korean Order of Military Merit.

Ed Bagdonas

Ed Bagdonas (June 20, 1937 – March 29, 1985) was an American athlete. He competed in the men's hammer throw at the 1960 Summer Olympics.

Fred Woodcock

Fred Wayland Woodcock (May 17, 1868 – August 11, 1943) was a professional baseball pitcher. He attended Cushing Academy in Ashburnham, Massachusetts. He appeared in five games in Major League Baseball for the 1892 Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League. He played college ball at Brown University and Dartmouth College. After his one season in the majors, he played in 1893 in the New England League and in 1895 in the Texas-Southern League.

Jacob Brown Harris

Jacob Brown Harris (January 24, 1830 – February 6, 1875) was an American lawyer and politician.

Harris, son of Reuben and Rowena (Woodbury) Harris, was born in Winchendon, Mass., Jan 24, 1830. He graduated from Yale College in 1854. The year after graduation he spent in Strasburgh, Pa, studying law and teaching. After an interval of more than a year, caused by severe illness, he resumed the study of law in June, 1837, with Hon. Giles II Whitney, of Winchendon. In 1859, he removed to East Abington (in that portion which is now Rockland), Mass., and won for himself a leading position in the Plymouth County Bar. He was for two sessions a member of the Massachusetts Legislature. A few years ago he removed to Boston, where he died, after many months of suffering, of Bright's disease of the kidneys, Feb. 6, 1875. He married, Dec 31, 1862, Miss Mary M. Knight, of Boston, who survived him, without children.

This article incorporates public domain material from the Yale Obituary Record.

James Cook Ayer

James Cook Ayer (5 May 1818 in Groton, Connecticut – 3 July 1878 in Winchendon, Massachusetts) was the wealthiest patent medicine businessman of his day.

Lake Monomonac

Lake Monomonac is an artificial lake that straddles the border between Rindge, New Hampshire, and Winchendon, Massachusetts, in the United States. It was created from a small pond in New Hampshire by the construction of dams on the North Branch of the Millers River, a part of the Connecticut River watershed.

Lake Monomonac is 594 acres (240 ha) in size with 411 acres (166 ha) in New Hampshire and the remaining 183 acres (74 ha) in Massachusetts. The lake has a maximum recorded depth of 22 feet (6.7 m) and an average depth of 10 feet (3.0 m).The lake is classified as a warmwater fishery, with observed species including smallmouth and largemouth bass, black crappie, chain pickerel, white perch, pumpkinseed, bluegill, horned pout, and green sunfish.

Murdock School

The Murdock School, also known as Old Murdock High School, is an historic school building on Murdock Avenue in Winchendon, Massachusetts. Built in 1887 to a design by Henry M. Francis, it is the town's most architecturally elaborate school building. It served as the town's high school until 1961, and now houses the local council on the aging. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.

Old Centre Historic District

The Old Centre Historic District is a historic district encompassing the historic town center of Winchendon, Massachusetts. It includes the town's first cemetery, the First Congregational Church, and the oldest surviving house (c. 1752) in town, and only one building constructed after 1850. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.

Peleg Sprague (New Hampshire politician)

Peleg Sprague (December 10, 1756 – April 20, 1800) was a politician from the U.S. state of New Hampshire.

Sprague was born in Rochester, Massachusetts. He clerked in a store in Littleton, Massachusetts, attended Harvard College, and was graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, in 1783. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1785, and commenced practice in Winchendon, Massachusetts. He moved to Keene, New Hampshire, in 1787. He was selectman 1789-1791; county solicitor for Cheshire County in 1794; and member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1797.

Sprague was elected as a Federalist Party to the 5th United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Jeremiah Smith, serving from December 15, 1797, to March 3, 1799. He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1798.

Sprague died in Keene, New Hampshire, and was interred there in the Washington Street Cemetery.

Tarbell Brook

Tarbell Brook is a 10.1-mile-long (16.3 km) stream located in southwestern New Hampshire and northern Massachusetts in the United States. It is a tributary of the Millers River, itself a tributary of the Connecticut River, which flows to Long Island Sound.

Tarbell Brook rises in the northeast corner of the town of Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire, and southeast into Rindge, where it receives the outflow of Pearly Lake and continues south to the Damon Reservoirs. The brook then passes into Winchendon, Massachusetts, reaching the Millers River approximately two miles west of the town center.

The Gardner News

The Gardner News is a daily newspaper serving seven cities and towns in northwest Worcester County, Massachusetts. In addition to the city of Gardner, where it is headquartered, it also covers the rural towns of Ashburnham, Hubbardston, Phillipston, Templeton, Westminster, and Winchendon, Massachusetts.

The News publishes every day except Sunday.

Its chief competitors are the county's two largest newspapers, the Fitchburg Sentinel & Enterprise and Worcester Telegram & Gazette, as well as the Athol Daily News.

The Winchendon School

The Winchendon School is a coeducational, private boarding and day school located in Winchendon, Massachusetts just over an hour from Boston. Founded in 1926, The Winchendon School has an average classroom size of seven students, an enrollment of approximately 270 students, and a student to teacher ratio of 6:1.

William B. Washburn

William Barrett Washburn (January 31, 1820 – October 5, 1887) was an American businessman and politician from Massachusetts. Washburn served several terms in the United States House of Representatives (1863–71) and as the 28th Governor of Massachusetts from 1872 to 1874, when he won election to the United States Senate in a special election to succeed the recently deceased Charles Sumner. A moderate Republican, Washburn only partially supported the Radical Republican agenda during the American Civil War and the Reconstruction Era that followed.

A Yale graduate, Washburn parlayed early business success in furniture manufacture into banking and railroads, based in the Connecticut River valley town of Greenfield. He was a major proponent of a railroads in northern and western Massachusetts, sitting on the board of the Connecticut River Railroad for many years, and playing an oversight role in the construction of the Hoosac Tunnel. He has been described as a latter-day "Connecticut River God" because of his role as a leading regional businessman and politician.

William De Witt Hyde

William De Witt Hyde (September 23, 1858 – June 29, 1917) was an American college president, born at Winchendon, Mass.

Places adjacent to Winchendon, Massachusetts
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Sub-regions

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