William Townley

William Townley, born in Blackburn 14 February 1866, died 30 May 1950 in Blackpool, England, was an English football player and coach.[1]

He scored the first hat-trick in the history of the FA Cup final, but his lasting legacy is defined as an important pioneer of the game in Germany, leading Karlsruher FV and SpVgg Fürth to three German championships, and as a journeyman coach on the continent.

William Townley
William Townley in his earlier years
Personal information
Date of birth 14 February 1866
Place of birth Blackburn, England
Date of death 30 May 1950 (aged 84)
Place of death Blackpool, England
Playing position Left winger
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1882–1883 Blackburn Swifts
1883–1886 Blackburn Olympic
1886–1892 Blackburn Rovers 77 (27)
1892–1893 Stockton
1893–1894 Blackburn Rovers 20 (10)
1894–1896 Darwen 42 (15)
1896–1897 Manchester City 3 (0)
National team
1889–1890 England 2 (2)
Teams managed
0000 –1909 Deutscher FC Prag
1909–1911 Karlsruher FV
1911–1913 SpVgg Fürth
1914 FC Bayern Munich
1914 SpVgg Fürth
1914 FC Bayern Munich
1919–1921 FC Bayern Munich
1920 FC St. Gallen
1921 SV Waldhof Mannheim
0000–1923 SC Victoria Hamburg
1923–1925 FC St. Gallen
1924 Netherlands
1926–1927 SpVgg Fürth
FSV Frankfurt
1930–1932 SpVgg Fürth
1932 Eintracht Hannover
Arminia Hannover
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Playing career

Townley's career as a player began with Blackburn Swifts F.C. for 1 season. He than joined Blackburn Olympic for 2 seasons. His playing position at Swifts and Olympic was centre-forward. He joined Blackburn Rovers in 1886 and they switched to the left wing. Apparently Townley' technique to deter defending full-backs was throw his arms up in the air. Thus startling his opponent Townley swept past to make an attack.[2] On 15 September 1888 Billy Townley, playing as a winger, made his League debut at Leamington Road, then home of Blackburn Rovers against Accrington. The match ended as a 5-5 draw with Billy Townley scoring the second and fourth goals for Blackburn Rovers so, temporarily at least, becoming the Rovers top scorer. Billy Townley played in the two FA Cup semi-final matches against Wolverhampton Wanderers (the first match ended 1-1). Blackburn Rovers lost the replay 3-1, Billy Townley scoring the Blackburn goal. In season 1888-89 Billy Townley played 19 League matches and scored eight League goals. As a winger he played in a midfield that achieved big (three-League-goals-or-more) League wins on five separate occasions. In scoring eight League goals Townley scored two-in-a-match twice.[3] He assisted Blackburn Rovers to win the FA Cup with the club in 1890 and 1891. In the first of these title appearances against The Wednesday, the outside left made history by contributing three goals in a 6–1 victory, earning the distinction of becoming the first player to score a hat-trick in an FA Cup final. He scored another goal in the successful defence of the title as the Rovers overcame Notts County 3–1 the following year. Townley's total of four goals in FA Cup finals has to date only been bettered once, by Liverpool's Ian Rush, who scored five goals in three finals appearances in the 1980s.

Townley was capped twice for England, in 1889 and 1890, scoring two goals in the second of those matches, which was a 9–1 victory over Ireland. In 1894 he moved to Darwen and played there for six years before joining Manchester City, where his playing career ended after he suffered a serious head injury.

Coaching career

At the end of his playing years Townley took up coaching as a profession, and as the opportunities were limited in England he left for the continent where football was beginning to develop a serious following. In Germany, as in the rest of Europe at the time, the game was strictly amateur in character and players often had to contribute to team expenses. For a club to have a coach was not yet a matter of course, but rather a luxury, as it was more common then for a senior player or club functionary to fill the role and carry out the tasks of a coach. Coaches were often hired for special occasions only, or for a brief period to help develop the skills of a team, before they moved on.

Townley's first coaching job was with DFC Prague who were beaten by VfB Leipzig in Germany's first national championship staged in 1903. He later joined Karlsruher FV, losing finalists in 1905, and led them to a their only national title in 1910.

The following year he was hired by the northern Bavarian club SpVgg Fürth. This club owned the most advanced facilities in Germany and was quickly becoming the largest club in the country with a membership approaching 3,000. Two months after his arrival Fürth lost against English side Newcastle United only 1–2. He guided the club to its first two Bavarian championships (Ostkreismeisterschaft) which heralded the onset of a golden era that would last into the 1930s which saw the club become one of the most dominant football sides in the country.

In December 1913 Townley got the call from Bayern Munich, but on a loan arrangement he re-joined Fürth in April of the following year to guide them through the national championship rounds. In the final Fürth captured its first national title, defeating defending champions VfB Leipzig, holders of a then record three German titles. It is not clear, but he may then have returned to Munich, before the horrors of World War I overtook the continent, obscuring knowledge of Townley's activities during this period.

He re-emerged with Bayern in 1919 and coached there until 1921, helping the club earn local and regional titles. It appears he was loaned to the Swiss club FC St. Gallen in August 1920 for what was probably a summer training camp. Townley's two tenures in Munich coincided with the first two terms of legendary Bayern President Kurt Landauer who oversaw the club's first national title victory in 1932 during his third term with the Austrian Richard Dombi – of later Feyenoord fame – as coach.

Afterward Townley moved to SV Waldhof in Mannheim where he spent two months aiding in the club's preparations for the South German Championship. The team's campaign was cut short by eventual national champions 1. FC Nürnberg. It then appears that he may have coached in Sweden before joining SC Victoria Hamburg where he and his son, playing as a striker, spent a couple of seasons. In 1923 William Townley returned to St. Gallen where he stayed until February 1925.

Townley interrupted his time in Switzerland for a four-month stint with the Dutch national team to guide them through the 1924 Olympics in Paris. In the semi-finals the Netherlands lost a closely fought match to Uruguay – the dominant side of that era who counted the legendary Andrade and Pedro Cea in their ranks – and had to settle for fourth place.

In May 1926 Townley rejoined SpVgg Fürth for the championship final in which they overcame Hertha Berlin to win their second national title – the third national title to his credit. A year later he was coaching 1925 finalists FSV Frankfurt and spent some time working with nearby Union Niederrad.

In 1930 Townley returned for a third time to Fürth, with the club winning the South German Championship before being ousted from the national playoffs in the quarterfinals by the defending champions Hertha Berlin.

Now in his mid-60s, Townley took up his last known posting in 1932 with Arminia Hannover, then a strong regional side. Arminia defeated Dresdner SC in a quarterfinal match, but lost in the next round at home to eventual champions Fortuna Düsseldorf, starring the legendary Paul Janes. This marks the zenith of Arminia's achievement and the last significant role of a great pioneer of the game in Germany.

William Townley died in Blackpool, England in 1950 at the age of 84.

Playing career

Townley in 1890
Year Club Year Title
18?? Blackburn Junior Football
18?? Blackburn Olympic F.C.
1886 Blackburn Rovers 1890
1894 Darwen F.C.
1900 Manchester City

English national team

23 February 1889 – British Home Championship – Stoke: England – Wales 4–1
15 March 1890 – British Home Championship – Belfast: Ireland – England 1–9 (2 goals by Townley)

Coaching record

Years Club Details Year Titles
19??-1909 Deutscher FC Prag
1909–1911 Karlsruher FV 1910 Championship
1911–1913 SpVgg Fürth 04/1911 – 12/1913 1912
Bavarian Championship
Bavarian Championship
1914 FC Bayern Munich 01/1914 – 04/1914
1914 SpVgg Fürth 04/1914 – 05/1914 1914 Championship
1914 FC Bayern Munich
1919–1921 FC Bayern Munich 1920 Champion Munich,
Champion Southern Bavaria
1920 FC St. Gallen (CH) 08/1920
1921 SV Waldhof Mannheim 01/1921 – 03/1921
192?–1923 SC Victoria Hamburg
1923–1925 FC St. Gallen (CH) 1923 – 02/1925
1924 Netherlands (National) 03/1924-06/1924 1924 Olympics, 4th place
1926–1927 SpVgg Fürth 05/1926 – 09/1927 1926
South German Cup
192?–19?? FSV Frankfurt
1930–1932 SpVgg Fürth 09/30 – 06/1932 1931 Champion South Germany
1932 (?) Eintracht Hannover
1932-193x Arminia Hannover 1933 Champion North Germany
(Southern District)

Not verified engagements:

  • Sweden ?
  • FC Union Niederrad 07 (ca. 1927/1930)


As a player

Blackburn Rovers


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Jackman, Mike (2009). Blackburn Rovers The Complete Record. DB Publishing. ISBN 978 1 78091 387 2.
  3. ^ "English National Football Archive". Retrieved 28 December 2017. (registration & fee required)

External links

1889–90 British Home Championship

The 1889–90 British Home Championship was an edition of the annual international football tournament played between the British Home Nations. The seventh such competition held, the 1890 edition was, for the second time, jointly won by England and Scotland, the sixth time that Scotland had won. Played during the second half of the 1889/90 season, the tournament was also notable for two matches played by England on the 15 March against Wales and Ireland simultaneously. With an increasingly crowded domestic schedule cramping available dates for matches, England fielded two entirely separate teams, both of which won their games with an aggregate of twelve goals to two.

Wales took the early lead in the competition, winning the opening game at home against Ireland. England's double victories over Wales and Ireland then placed them in front with favourites Scotland still to play a match. Scotland responded to England's lead with two comfortable wins over Wales and Ireland 5–0 and 4–1 leaving the final match between England and Scotland as the deciding game. Despite a furious and dramatic encounter, neither side could best the other and the result was a 1–1 draw, placing both England and Scotland at the head of the table, goal difference not at this stage being used to differentiate the teams.

1889–90 in English football

The 1889–90 season was the 19th season of competitive football in England. Preston North End were Football League champions for the second successive season while The Wednesday finished top of the newly formed Football Alliance. Blackburn Rovers won the FA Cup.

1890 FA Cup Final

The 1890 FA Cup Final was contested by Blackburn Rovers and The Wednesday at the Kennington Oval. Blackburn won 6–1, with goals from William Townley (3), Nat Walton, Jack Southworth and Joe Lofthouse. The Wednesday's goal was scored by Albert Mumford. Townley's hat-trick was the first in an FA Cup Final. This was the last of seven consecutive and eight total finals refereed by Major Francis Marindin.

Haydn Arthur Morley, who was Wednesday's captain in the final, earned his living as a solicitor. This was the seventh, and last, final in a row that had been officiated by Major Francis Marindin of the Royal Engineers and veteran of the Crimean War.

1891 FA Cup Final

The 1891 FA Cup Final was contested by Blackburn Rovers and Notts County at the Kennington Oval. Blackburn won 3–1, their second consecutive FA Cup Final victory, with goals by Geordie Dewar, Jack Southworth and William Townley. James Oswald scored Notts County's goal.

1896–97 Manchester City F.C. season

The 1896–97 season was Manchester City F.C.'s sixth season of league football and fifth season in the Football League.

1910 German football championship

The 1910 German football championship, the eighth edition of the competition and organised by the German Football Association, was won by Karlsruher FV, defeating Holstein Kiel 1–0 in the final.For Karlsruher FV it marked the club's sole German championship, having previously lost the 1905 final. The club would go on to play Holstein Kiel again in the 1912 final where the roles would be reversed and Kiel would win 1–0. Kiel, in turn, only made one other final appearance apart from 1910 and 1912, losing the 1930 final to Hertha BSC.Kiel's Willi Zincke was the top scorer of the 1910 championship with five goals.Nine teams participated, as holders Phönix Karlsruhe took part in addition to the winners of eight regional football championships. Berlin also sent two teams to the final, the champion of the Verband Berliner Ballspielvereine and the champions of the March football championship.

Carlingford (Parliament of Ireland constituency)

Carlingford was a constituency represented in the Irish House of Commons to 1801.

Centennial, Texas

Centennial is an unincorporated community in Panola County, Texas on FM 123.

FC St. Gallen

FC St. Gallen 1879 (Fussballclub St. Gallen 1879) is a Swiss football club based in St. Gallen. The club is currently playing in the 2018-2019 Swiss Super League.

Frederick Townley-Smith

Frederick William Townley-Smith (2 April 1887 – 5 July 1961) was a Co-operative Commonwealth Federation member of the House of Commons of Canada. He was born in Leicestershire, England and became a farmer by career.

Townley-Smith moved to Canada in 1903. He was educated at Loughborough in the United Kingdom.He was elected to Parliament at the North Battleford riding in the 1945 general election and served one term, the 20th Canadian Parliament, then did not seek re-election in the 1949 election.

Izidor Kürschner

Izidor "Dori" Kürschner, in Brazil primarily known as Dori Kruschner, (29 June 1885 – 8 December 1941 in Rio de Janeiro), was a Hungarian football player and coach.

As player he was successful with Budapest club MTK and was also called on to play for his country. As coach he succeeded in Germany winning the championship with 1. FC Nürnberg. His greatest triumphs were to follow in Switzerland with the Grasshopper Club Zürich where he won seven titles.

Kürschner's appearance on the Brazilian scene of brought a push of innovation football there and helped establish the country as one of the giants of world football.

Jimmy Townley

James Chadwick Townley (2 May 1902 – 1983) was an English professional footballer who played Victoria Hamburg, FC St Gallen, Chelsea, Tottenham Hotspur, Brighton & Hove Albion and Clapton Orient.

Karlsruher FV

Karlsruher FV is a German association football club that plays in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg. Established on 17 November 1891, KFV was a founding member of the German Football Association (Deutscher Fussball-Bund) in 1900 and is the oldest still existing football club in Southern Germany. The club was one of the leading German football clubs before the First World War. The team went on to capture the national championship in 1910 with a 1–0 victory over Holstein Kiel but lost the final in 1905 and 1912. The KFV claimed the Southern German football championship from 1901 to 1905 and from 1910 to 1912. After a financial collapse and a resulting disqualification from league operations in 2004, the club continued its activities in 2007.

Midhurst (UK Parliament constituency)

Midhurst was a parliamentary borough in Sussex, which elected two Members of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons from 1311 until 1832, and then one member from 1832 until 1885, when the constituency was abolished. Before the Great Reform Act of 1832, it was one of the most notorious of England's rotten boroughs.

Robert Tounson

Robert Tounson (1575 – 15 May 1621) — also seen as “Townson” and “Toulson” — was Dean of Westminster from 1617 to 1620, and later Bishop of Salisbury from 1620 to 1621. He attended Sir Walter Raleigh at his execution, and wrote afterwards of how Raleigh had behaved on that occasion.

SV Arminia Hannover

SV Arminia Hannover is a German association football club based in Hanover, Lower Saxony.

SpVgg Greuther Fürth

SpVgg Greuther Fürth (German pronunciation: [ˈʃpiːlfɛɐ̯ˈʔaɪ̯nɪɡʊŋ ˈfʏʁt]) is a German football club in Fürth, Bavaria.

In the 2012–13 season, the club played in the Bundesliga for the first time, having won promotion from the 2. Bundesliga; it was relegated back to the 2. Bundesliga at the end of the season.


Townley is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

A. C. Townley (1880–1959), American political organizer, founder the National Non-Partisan League

Alvin Townley (born 1975), American author who writes about adventure with a greater purpose

Athol Townley (1905–1963), Australian politician and Minister for Defence

Ben Townley (born 1984), professional motocross rider originating from Taupo, New Zealand

Charles Townley (1737–1805), English country gentleman, antiquary and collector of the Townley Marbles

Charles Townley (officer of arms) (1713–1774), long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London

Doody Townley (born 1925), driver of standardbred racehorses in New Zealand

Fred Townley, architect who designed many buildings in Vancouver, Canada

Frederick Townley-Smith (1887–1961), Co-operative Commonwealth Federation member of the Canadian House of Commons

George Townley (1891–1977), the sixth Bishop of Hull in the modern era from 1957 until 1965

Henry Townley Heald (1904–1975), president of Armour Institute of Technology from 1938 to 1940

Jack Townley (1897–1960), American screenwriter

James Townley (1714–1778), English dramatist and anonymous playwright

Jimmy Townley (1902–1983), English professional footballer

John Townley (born 1945), musician who was a member of the folk-rock group The Magicians from 1965 to 1966

John Wes Townley (born 1989), former NASCAR Nationwide Series driver

Jonathan Townley Crane (1819–1880), American clergyman, author and abolitionist

Max Townley (1864–1942), British land agent, agriculturist and politician

Michael Townley, US citizen living in the United States under terms of the federal witness protection program

Michael Townley (Australian politician) (born 1934), former Tasmanian senator

Rex Townley (1904–1982), Australian politician who served as leader of the Liberal Party in Tasmania from 1950 to 1956

Richard Greaves Townley (1786–1855), English Whig politician

Richard Townley (died 1711), the 8th son of Nicholas Townley of Littleton and Joanne White

Robert Townley Caldwell, the Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge from 1906 to 1914

Roderick Townley (born 1942), American author of juvenile, young adult, and adult books

Sidney Dean Townley (1867–1946), American astronomer and geodeticist

Simon Townley, piano player and composer

Thomas Townley (1862–1935), Canadian lawyer and the eighth Mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia

Thomas Townley (cricketer) (1825–1895), English soldier, cricketer and amateur jockey

Toke Townley, (1912–1984), English actor

Sir Walter Townley (1863–1945), British ambassador

William Townley, (1866–1950), English football (soccer) player and coach

William Townley Mitford (1817–1889), Victorian Conservative Party politician in Britain

Winfield Townley Scott (1910–1968), American poet, critic and diarist

William Townley Mitford

William Townley Mitford (27 June 1817 – 18 April 1889) was a Victorian Conservative Party politician in Britain.

He was born at Pitshill in West Sussex in 1817. He built Bedham school near Fittleworth, which was later used as a church and is now derelict.

He served as Member of Parliament for Midhurst from 1859 to 1874.

William Townley managerial positions

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