William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, KG, KCMG, CB, KStJ, PC (20 February 1872 – 14 November 1938), styled Viscount Elmley until 1891, was a British Liberal politician. He was Governor of New South Wales between 1899 and 1901, a member of the Liberal administrations of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith between 1905 and 1915 and leader of the Liberal Party in the House of Lords between 1924 and 1931. When political enemies threatened to make public his homosexuality he resigned from office to go into exile. Lord Beauchamp is often assumed to be the model for the character Lord Marchmain in Evelyn Waugh's novel Brideshead Revisited.
The Earl Beauchamp
|First Commissioner of Works|
3 November 1910 – 6 August 1914
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||Lewis Vernon Harcourt|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Emmott|
|Lord President of the Council|
16 June 1910 – 3 November 1910
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||The Viscount Wolverhampton|
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Morley of Blackburn|
5 August 1914 – 25 May 1915
|Prime Minister||H. H. Asquith|
|Preceded by||The Viscount Morley of Blackburn|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Crewe|
|Lord Steward of the Household|
31 July 1907 – 16 June 1910
|Monarch||Edward VII |
|Prime Minister||Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman |
H. H. Asquith
|Preceded by||The Earl of Liverpool|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Chesterfield|
|Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms|
18 December 1905 – 31 July 1907
|Prime Minister||Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman|
|Preceded by||The Lord Belper|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Denman|
|20th Governor of New South Wales|
18 May 1899 – 30 April 1901
|Preceded by||The Viscount Hampden|
|Succeeded by||Sir Harry Rawson|
|Born||20 February 1872|
|Died||14 November 1938 (aged 66)|
New York City, United States
|Spouse(s)||Lady Lettice Grosvenor (1876–1936)|
|Children||William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp|
Hon. Hugh Patrick Lygon
Lady Lettice Lygon
Lady Sibell Lygon
Lady Mary Lygon
Lady Dorothy Lygon
Hon. Richard Edward Lygon
|Parents||Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp|
Lady Mary Stanhope
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Beauchamp was the eldest son of Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp, by his first wife, Lady Mary Catherine, daughter of Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, where he showed an interest in evangelism, joining the Christian Social Union.
Beauchamp succeeded his father in the earldom in 1891 at the age of 18, and was mayor of Worcester between 1895 and 1896. A progressive in his ideas, he was surprised to be offered the post of Governor of New South Wales in May 1899. Though he was good at the job and enjoyed the company of local artists and writers, he was unpopular in the colony for a series of gaffes and misunderstandings, most notably over his reference to the 'birthstain' of Australia's convict origins. His open association with the high church and Anglo-Catholicism caused increased perturbation in the Evangelical Council.
In 1902, Beauchamp joined the Liberal Party and the same year he married Lady Lettice Mary Elizabeth Grosvenor, the daughter of Victor Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor. When the Liberals came to power under Henry Campbell-Bannerman in December 1905, Beauchamp was appointed Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms and was sworn of the Privy Council in January 1906. In July 1907, he became Lord Steward of the Household, a post he retained when H. H. Asquith became Prime Minister in 1908. He entered the cabinet as Lord President of the Council in June 1910, a post that he held until November of the same year, when he was appointed First Commissioner of Works.
Identified with the radical wing of the Liberal Party, Beauchamp also chaired (in December 1913) the Central Land and Housing Council, which was designed to advance Lloyd George’s Land Campaign. He was again Lord President of the Council from 1914 to 1915. However, he was not a member of the coalition government formed by Asquith in May 1915. Lord Beauchamp never returned to ministerial office but was the Liberal leader in the House of Lords from 1924 to 1931, supporting the ailing party with his substantial fortune.
While serving in Parliament, Beauchamp also voiced his support for a range of progressive measures such as workmen's compensation, an expansion in rural housing provision, an agricultural minimum wage, improved safety standards and reduced working hours for miners.
Lord Beauchamp was made Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire in 1911, carried the Sword of State at the coronation of King George V, was made Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in 1913 and a Knight of the Garter in 1914. He was also Chancellor of the University of London and a Six Master (Governor of RGS Worcester).
In 1931, Lord Beauchamp was "outed" as homosexual. Although Beauchamp's homosexuality was an open secret in parts of high society and one that his political opponents had refrained from using against him despite its illegality, Lady Beauchamp was oblivious to it and professed a confusion as to what homosexuality was when it was revealed. At one stage she thought her husband was being accused of being a bugler. He had numerous affairs at Madresfield and Walmer Castle, with his partners ranging from servants to socialites, including local men.
It was reported to King George V and Queen Mary by Beauchamp's Tory brother-in-law, the Duke of Westminster, who hoped to ruin the Liberal Party through Beauchamp, as well as Beauchamp personally due his private dislike of Beauchamp. Homosexual practice was a criminal offence at the time, and the King was horrified, rumoured to have said, "I thought men like that shot themselves".
The King had a personal interest in the case, as his sons Henry and George had visited Madresfield in the past. George was then in a relationship with Beauchamp's daughter Mary, which was cut off by her father's outing.
After sufficient evidence had been gathered by the Duke, Beauchamp was made an offer to separate from his wife Lettice (without a divorce), retire on a pretence and then leave the country. Beauchamp refused, and, shortly afterwards, the Countess Beauchamp obtained a divorce. There was no public scandal, but Lord Beauchamp resigned all his offices except that of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports and went into exile on the continent (fearing arrest if he did not), briefly contemplating suicide.
In his 1977 book, Homosexuals in History, historian A. L. Rowse suggests that Beauchamp's failed appointment as Governor of New South Wales was the inspiration for Hilaire Belloc's satirical children's poem, Lord Lundy, which has as its final line a command to Lord Lundy from his aged grandfather: "Go out and govern New South Wales!". Nevertheless, says Rowse, "Lord Lundy's chronic weakness was tears. This was not Lord Beauchamp's weakness: he enjoyed life, was always gay."
Lord Beauchamp married at Eccleston, Cheshire, on 26 July 1902 Lady Lettice Grosvenor, daughter of Victor Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor, and Lady Sibell Lumley, and granddaughter of the 1st Duke of Westminster. They had three sons and four daughters:
Lady Beauchamp died in 1936, aged 59, estranged from all her children except her youngest child. Lord Beauchamp died of cancer in New York City in 1938, aged 66. He was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, William.
Of the Earl's seven children, all but the second son Hugh (who was homosexual) married, but only two left issue.
The Viscount Hampden
| Governor of New South Wales
Sir Harry Rawson
The Lord Belper
| Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms
The Lord Denman
The Earl of Liverpool
| Lord Steward
The Earl of Chesterfield
The Viscount Wolverhampton
| Lord President of the Council
The Viscount Morley of Blackburn
Lewis Vernon Harcourt
| First Commissioner of Works
The Lord Emmott
The Viscount Morley of Blackburn
| Lord President of the Council
The Marquess of Crewe
|Party political offices|
The Viscount Grey of Fallodon
| Leader of the Liberals in the House of Lords
The Marquess of Reading
The Earl of Rosebery
| Chancellor of the University of London
The Earl of Athlone
The Earl of Ducie
| Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire
The Duke of Beaufort
The Earl Brassey
| Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
The Marquess of Reading
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Earl Beauchamp
The following lists events that happened during 1899 in Australia.1900 in Australia
The following lists events that happened during 1900 in Australia.Beauchamp Falls (Blue Mountains)
The Beauchamp Falls is a cascade waterfall on the Greaves Creek where it spills into the Grose Valley, located east of the Evans Lookout, approximately 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) east of Blackheath in the Blue Mountains region of New South Wales, Australia.
Situated approximately 690 metres (2,260 ft) AHD , the falls spill 10 metres (33 ft) towards the Grose Valley floor. The falls can be accessed via walking the Rodriguez Pass walking track, part of the Grand Canyon Track, one of the heritage-listed Blue Mountains walking tracks.The falls were named in 1899 in honour of the then Governor of New South Wales, William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp; it was previously known as the Blackheath Falls.Black Mischief
Black Mischief was Evelyn Waugh's third novel, published in 1932. The novel chronicles the efforts of the English-educated Emperor Seth, assisted by a fellow Oxford graduate, Basil Seal, to modernize his Empire, the fictional African island of Azania, located in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of Africa.
The novel was written by Waugh whilst staying as a house guest at Madresfield Court in Worcestershire. The old nursery had been converted into a writing room for Waugh. The Lygon sisters, who after 1931 had the run of the place (their father, William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, having been forced into exile under threat of prosecution for his homosexuality), posed for some of the drawings Waugh did for the first edition.When Black Mischief was published in 1932, the editor of the Catholic journal The Tablet, Ernest Oldmeadow, launched a violent attack on the book and its author, stating that the novel was "a disgrace to anybody professing the Catholic name". Waugh, wrote Oldmeadow, "was intent on elaborating a work outrageous not only to Catholic but to ordinary standards of modesty". Waugh made no public rebuttal of these charges; an open letter to the Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster was prepared, but on the advice of Waugh's friends was not sent.The novel has been published in the United Kingdom by Penguin Classics (ISBN 9780141183985), and in the U.S.A. by Back Bay Books (ISBN 0316917338).Colony of New South Wales
The Colony of New South Wales was a colony of the British Empire from 1788 to 1900, when it became a State of the Commonwealth of Australia. At its greatest extent, the colony of New South Wales included the present-day Australian states of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania, and South Australia, the Northern Territory as well as New Zealand. The first "responsible" self-government of New South Wales was formed on 6 June 1856 with Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson appointed by Governor Sir William Denison as its first Colonial Secretary.Dorothy Lygon
Lady Dorothy Lygon (22 February 1912 – 13 November 2001) was an English socialite, part of the Bright Young Things.Earl Beauchamp
Earl Beauchamp () was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1815 for William Lygon, 1st Baron Beauchamp, along with the subsidiary title Viscount Elmley, in the County of Worcester. He had already been created Baron Beauchamp of Powyke in the County of Worcester, in 1806, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Lord Beauchamp had previously represented Worcestershire in the House of Commons. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He also sat as Member of Parliament for Worcestershire. He never married and was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Earl. In 1813 he assumed by Royal licence the surname of Pyndar in lieu of Lygon. On his death in 1853 the titles passed to his younger brother, the fourth Earl. He was a General in the Army as well as a Member of Parliament.
His second but eldest surviving son, the fifth Earl, represented Worcestershire West in Parliament. He died unmarried at an early age and was succeeded by his younger brother, the sixth Earl. He was a Conservative politician and held office in the 1870s and 1880s under Benjamin Disraeli and Lord Salisbury. His eldest son, the seventh Earl, was in contrast to his father a prominent Liberal politician and served under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith. He was also Governor of New South Wales. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the eighth Earl. He was also a politician. On Lord Beauchamp's death in 1979 the titles became extinct.
The Earls Beauchamp were descended from Richard Lygon (pronounced "Liggon"), of Madresfield Court, Worcestershire, who married the Hon. Anne (died 1535), second daughter and co-heir of Richard Beauchamp, 2nd Baron Beauchamp "of Powyke" (1435–1503) (see Baron Beauchamp, the fifth creation ("of Powyke")), and through the latter from the early Earls of Warwick. Their descendant, William Lygon (1642–1721), also resided at Madresfield. His daughter, Margaret (died 1734), married as her first husband Reginald Pyndar (c. 1687 – 1721), of Kempley, Gloucestershire. Their son Reginald Pyndar (1712–1788) changed his surname to Lygon in lieu of Pyndar, by private Act of Parliament. His son was the first Earl Beauchamp.
The ancestral family seat of the Lygon family was Madresfield Court, near Malvern, Worcestershire. It is currently the home of the Hon. Lady Morrison, a niece of the 8th and last Earl Beauchamp and the younger daughter of the late Hon. Richard Lygon (1916–1970), the youngest son of the 7th Earl by his wife, the former Lady Lettice Grosvenor.Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp
Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp PC DL (10 November 1830 – 19 February 1891), styled The Honourable Frederick Lygon between 1853 and 1866, was a British Conservative politician.Hugh Lygon
Hugh Patrick Lygon (2 November 1904 – 19 August 1936 Rothenburg, Bavaria) was the second son of William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, and is often believed to be the inspiration for Lord Sebastian Flyte in Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited. He was a friend of Waugh's at Oxford (A. L. Rowse believed the two to be lovers), where both were members of the Hypocrites' Club (Lygon was also the president of the club), along with their contemporary Murray Andrew McLean and the Plunket Greene's brothers, Richard and David. David Plunket Greene was a good friend of Hugh Lygon.Kempley
Kempley is a parish and village in the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire, England, close to the border with Herefordshire. It lies 17 miles northwest of Gloucester and 17 miles southeast of Hereford. The nearest market towns of Newent and Ledbury are 5 and 8 miles respectively.
The village maintains the Kempley Tardis (a redundant telephone box) - a National Lottery funded project supported by English Heritage. The project, which is run by the Friends of Kempley Churches, aims to archive and document the entire social, economic and cultural history of the village.
In March 1994 fields near the village were found to contain the remains of two of the victims of serial killer Fred West.
The small parish (280 residents) has two notable churches, one dedicated to St Mary and another to St Edward the Confessor.Lettice Lygon
Lady Lettice Lygon (16 June 1906 – 18 July 1973) was a member of the Bright Young Things.List of works by William Bruce Ellis Ranken
William Bruce Ellis Ranken (1881–1941) was an Edwardian aesthete. Ranken's first exhibition in 1904 at the Carfax Gallery in London was well-received by artists and art critics.Lygon
Lygon is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Henry Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp (1784–1863), British soldier and politician
Henry Lygon, 5th Earl Beauchamp (1829–1866), British politician
Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp (1830–1891), British Conservative politician
Lady Mary Lygon (1910-1982), Russian princess
Lady Mary Lygon (1869-1927), after her marriage Lady Mary Trefusis (or Forbes-Trefusis)
William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (1872–1938), British politician, leader of the Liberal Party, and Governor of New South Wales
Hugh Patrick Lygon (1904–1936), son of William Lygon
William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp (1903–1979), politicianRobert Heber-Percy
Robert Vernon Heber-Percy (November 5, 1911 – October 29, 1987), known for much of his life as "the Mad Boy", was "an English eccentric in the grand tradition".Sibell Lygon
Lady Sibell Lygon (10 October 1907 – 31 October 2005) was an English socialite, part of the Bright Young Things.St Edward's Church, Kempley
The Church of St Edward the Confessor in Kempley is a parish church in the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire, England, close to the border with Herefordshire.St Mary's Church, Kempley
St Mary's Church in Kempley is a former parish church in the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire, England, close to the border with Herefordshire. It is a Grade I listed building. St Mary's Church is now owned by English Heritage and maintained by The Friends of Kempley Churches.
The simple Norman church is now remote from the village it served. It has some of the best preserved medieval wall paintings in Britain. Those in the barrel-vaulted chancel, which is painted throughout, including the ceiling, are particularly rare, dating from the early 12th century. St Mary's has in its chancel "the most complete set of Romanesque frescoes in northern Europe", including the Christ in Majesty painting created in about 1120. On the walls of the nave are further images, including a wheel of life, showing the life cycle of man. The nave paintings are worked in tempera painted on dry lime mortar, unlike those in the chancel which are true frescoes.
The church has the oldest timber roof of any building in Britain, dating from 1120–1150, and has an unusually well-preserved interior. The church was restored in 1913 by Temple Moore. In the early months of the year, from late February to early March, the churchyard is often covered in wild daffodils.
The small village has two notable Anglican churches, the other, St Edward's Church, is Grade II* listed. The church, dedicated to Edward the Confessor, was built (1903–4) as a chapel of ease by the Lord of the Manor and major landowner, William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, because St Mary's was too far away from the main centres of population in the parish and liable to flooding. The newer church was built to the design of Randall Wells. St Edward’s became the parish church following the redundancy of St Mary's in 1975.St Patrick's Church, Bordesley
St Patrick’s Church, Bordesley (also known as St Patrick’s Church, Highgate) was a parish church in the Church of England in Birmingham.William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp
William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp, JP, DL (3 July 1903 – 3 January 1979), styled as Viscount Elmley until 1938, was a politician in the United Kingdom. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) for East Norfolk. He was the eldest son of the controversial William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, sometime leader of the Liberals in the House of Lords.