William George Pottinger

(William) George Pottinger (11 June 1916 – 15 January 1998)[1] was a Scottish civil servant who was imprisoned for corruption in 1974 following the John Poulson trial.

Education and early career

George Pottinger was born in 1916, the elder son of the Reverend William Pottinger, MA, of Orkney.[2] He was educated at George Watson's College in Edinburgh and the High School of Glasgow, before proceeding to further study at the University of Edinburgh, Heidelberg University and Queens' College, Cambridge, where he was awarded a major scholarship and graduated with a BA in Anglo-Saxon Studies and English. In 1939 he entered the Scottish Home Department as an Assistant Principal, and upon his return in 1945 following war service he was successively promoted from Principal to Assistant Secretary (1952–9) and Under-Secretary (1959–62). He also spent time as Private Secretary to three Secretaries of State for ScotlandArthur Woodburn, Hector McNeil and James Stuart – from 1949 to 1952, and as Secretary of the Royal Commission on Scottish Affairs (1952–4).

The Aviemore project

During the late 1950s, John Maclay, then Secretary of State for Scotland, appointed Lord Fraser of Allander (then Sir Hugh Fraser) to head a survey of tourist resources in the Highlands. Pottinger was put on secondment to Fraser, and in 1962 was asked by ministers to assist the Scottish Tourist Board in preparing a Bill that would allow for a series of investment grants and, potentially, a special tax on overnight accommodation in the area. In a letter to Maclay, he noted that one additional problem inherent in developing the Highlands as a tourist destination was the "shortage of top-class hotel accommodation", and that an "ambitious project which will really strike people's imagination" was now needed.[3] This advice was taken on board: following further rounds of negotiation with various agencies and groups, a £5m redevelopment of Aviemore as a winter sports complex was eventually conceived and approved.

Prompted by the chairman of the construction firm Bovis, Fraser came to understand that the only architect with the "vision" and technical ability to develop the scheme was John Poulson. In order to speed up the process and maintain Poulson's interest, Pottinger was delegated to "work closely" with him.[4] It was at this time that Poulson started giving Pottinger the 'gifts' that would help assure the downfall of both men. According to historian Ian Levitt, these totalled £30,000 over six years from 1963 onwards, and included "two suits of clothing, foreign holidays, a car and a bungalow built to [Pottinger's] specification beside Muirfield Golf Course".[5] Poulson gave Pottinger £20,000 towards the mortgage of his new home, and even paid £655 for the installation of central heating.[6][7][8]

Trial and conviction for fraud

Nicknamed 'Gorgeous George' on account of his predilection for "expensive tailoring",[9] Pottinger was attending a black-tie dinner at the Muirfield club when the Fraud Squad's Kenneth Everidge arrived to arrest him at 11pm on 22 June 1973.[10][11] Already suspended from his Permanent Secretary post at the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries following allegations raised at Poulson's earlier bankruptcy hearing,[6] he was charged with corruption in connection with the award of building contracts. A 52-day trial at Leeds Crown Court followed, with Pottinger as Poulson's co-accused; both were found guilty of fraud on 11 February 1974. The following month, on 15 March, Poulson and Pottinger were each gaoled for five years; but whereas the former received a further seven-year prison term (to be served concurrently with the original sentence),[12] Pottinger had his sentence reduced to four years on appeal later that year.[13][14] Sentencing Pottinger to gaol, Mr Justice Waller said: "You have let down the honourable service to which you belonged."[1] He was dismissed from the civil service, forfeiting a retirement lump sum, and had his pension cut in half. As a result of his conviction, Pottinger's 1953 Coronation Honours award as Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) and his 1972 Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) were both revoked in 1975.[11]

Later years and publications

Following his release Pottinger moved to Balsham in Cambridgeshire, where he died aged 81 in 1998 after collapsing while playing tennis.[6][15] His published works include The Winning Counter (1971), Muirfield and the Honourable Company (1972), St. Moritz: an Alpine Caprice (1972), The Court of the Medici (1977), and The Secretaries of State for Scotland, 1926-76 (1979), which he drafted while in prison.


In 1946 Pottinger married Margaret (Meg) McGregor; their son Piers was head of the City public relations firm Lowe Bell Financial,[16] later part of Bell Pottinger. His younger brother, Don, was an artist and illustrator.


  1. ^ a b 'Pottinger, player in Poulson scandal, dies at 81', Herald Scotland, 19 January 1998. Accessed 15 March 2014.
  2. ^ POTTINGER, (William) George. ukwhoswho.com. Who Was Who. 2018 (online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
  3. ^ Ian Levitt, '"Too Deeply Committed": Aviemore, the Scottish Office and George Pottinger, 1959-72', Scottish Affairs, 51 (2005), pp. 34-5.doi:10.3366/scot.2005.0019
  4. ^ Levitt, '"Too Deeply Committed, pp. 41, 49.
  5. ^ Levitt, '"Too Deeply Committed, p. 26.
  6. ^ a b c Poulson affair: Pelicans brief that stunned a country, Scotsman, 24 February 2009; accessed 15 March 2014.
  7. ^ 'Poulson letter 'confession of corruption'.' Times, 4 July 1974.
  8. ^ 'Court of Appeal 10 July 1974 William George Pottinger', unredacted account, Cathy Fox's blog, 3 May 2015 (accessed 6 January 2018).
  9. ^ Dennis Johnson, 'Pottinger: Olympian cultivation and sybaritic inclinations', Guardian, 12 February 1974.
  10. ^ Michael Gillard, Kenneth Everidge obituary, Guardian, 2 June 2011; accessed 15 March 2014.
  11. ^ a b 'Obituary: George Pottinger', Times, 19 January 1998.
  12. ^ 'Seven-year concurrent sentence on Mr Poulson.' Times, 16 March 1974.
  13. ^ 'Pottinger jail term cut by a year', Times, 11 July 1974.
  14. ^ 1974: Architect jailed over corruption On this day 1950–2005, BBC; accessed 15 March 2014.
  15. ^ Brian Wilson, 'Poulson crony ruined by greed', Guardian, 20 January 1998.
  16. ^ "Bunhill: Family fortunes". Independent. 4 October 1992. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
1953 Coronation Honours

The 1953 Coronation Honours were appointments by Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours on the occasion of her coronation on 2 June 1953. The honours were published in The London Gazette on 1 June 1953.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour. They are arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

1972 Birthday Honours

The 1972 Queen's Birthday Honours were appointments to orders and decorations of the Commonwealth realms to reward and highlight citizens' good works, on the occasion of the official birthday of Queen Elizabeth II. They were announced in supplements to the London Gazette of 23 May 1972 for the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Mauritius, Fiji, and Barbados. At this time honours for Australians were awarded both in the United Kingdom honours on the advice of the premiers of Australian states, and also in a separate Australia honours list.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

Deaths in 1998

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Don Pottinger

John Inglis Drever "Don" Pottinger (1919–1986) was a Scottish officer of arms, artist, illustrator and author. He is remembered for the publication, with Sir Iain Moncreiffe, of Simple Heraldry, Cheerfully Illustrated.

Joseph Westwood

Joseph Westwood (11 February 1884 – 17 July 1948) was a Scottish Labour politician.

Educated at Buckhaven Higher Grade School, he worked as a draper's apprentice, messenger boy and miner. Westwood was an Industrial Organiser for Fife miners from 1916–18 and a political organiser for Scottish Miners from 1918 to 1929.

List of revocations of appointments to orders and awarded decorations and medals of the United Kingdom

Many recipients of orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom have had them revoked, often following conviction for crimes or breaches of military discipline, or when their conduct has been widely considered discreditable. In other cases, prominent nationals of countries with which the UK has later found itself at war or in dispute have had their honours revoked.

Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Scotland

This is a list of Permanent Under-Secretaries for Scotland in HM Civil Service. It should not be confused with the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland.

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