William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh

Admiral William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh (c. 1587 – 8 April 1643, Cannock[1]) was an English naval officer and courtier.

1stEarlOfDenbigh
The 1st Earl of Denbigh by Anthony van Dyck

Biography

William Feilding 1631
1631 portrait of Feilding

William Feilding was the son of Basil Fielding of Newnham Paddox in Warwickshire, (High Sheriff of Warwickshire in 1612), and of Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Walter Aston (1530–1599) and his wife, Elizabeth (née Leveson).[2][3][a]

Feilding matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge in 1603.[5] Knighted on 4 March 1607,[1] he was created Baron and Viscount Feilding in 1620. Two years later he was appointed Master of the Great Wardrobe and Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire and Earl of Denbigh on 14 September 1622.,[1][2] He attended Prince Charles on the Spanish adventure, served as admiral in the unsuccessful Cadiz Expedition in 1625, and commanded the disastrous attempt upon Rochelle in 1628, becoming the same year a member of the Council of war, and in 1633 a Member of the Council of Wales and the Marches. In 1631, Lord Denbigh visited the East[2] as erstwhile ambassador to the court of Safi of Persia as well as toured the East India Company's fledgling Indian possessions.[6]

On the outbreak of the English Civil War he served under Prince Rupert of the Rhine and was present at the Battle of Edgehill. On 3 April 1643 during Rupert's attack on Birmingham he was wounded and died from the effects on the 8th, being buried at Monks Kirby in Warwickshire. His courage, unselfishness and devotion to duty are much praised by the Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon.[2]

Family

In 1606 Feilding married Susan, daughter of Sir George Villiers, sister of the future Duke of Buckingham, and on the rise of Buckingham received various offices and dignities. Sir William and his wife Susan Villiers had six children:

His daughter, Lady Margaret Feilding (1613–1638), also known as Mary, was married to James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, one of the heirs to the throne of Scotland after the descendants of James VI (James I of England). Her portrait was painted by Anthony van Dyck and Henry Pierce Bone. One of his two sons, George Feilding, was the 1st Earl of Desmond.

Ancestry

Ancestors of William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh
16. Sir William Feilding[ii]
8. Sir Basil Feilding[ii]
17. Elizabeth Poulteney[ii]
4. Sir William Feilding[ii]
18. William Willington[ii]
9. Goodith Willington[ii]
2. Sir Basil Feilding[i]
10. Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingbury[ii]
5. Dorothy Lane[ii]
22. William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Horton[ii]
11. Magdalen Parr[ii]
23. Mary Salisbury
1. Sir William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh
24. John Aston[iv]
12. Sir Edward Aston[iv]
25. Joan Littleton[iv]
6. Sir Walter Aston[ii][iii]
26. Thomas Bowles[iv]
13. Jane Bowles[iv]
27. Maud Morgan
3. Elizabeth Aston[ii]
14. Sir James Leveson[iv]
7. Elizabeth Leveson[iv]
30. William Offley
15. Margaret Offley
31. Elizabeth Dillorne
Notes:
  1. ^ Burke, John (1914), General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, Burke's Peerage Limited, pp. 593-+1st+Earl+of+Denbigh&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Wr-KUqzCLM--sQSQyoGQDA&ved=0CFUQ6AEwCDgK#v=onepage&q=Sir%20William%20Feilding%2C%201st%20Earl%20of%20Denbigh&f=false 594
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Burke 1914, pp. 593–594.
  3. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard (1866), A Genealogical History of the Dormant: Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, Harrison, p. 14
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Burke 1866, p. 14.
  1. ^ Burke, John (1914), General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, Burke's Peerage Limited, pp. 593-+1st+Earl+of+Denbigh&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Wr-KUqzCLM--sQSQyoGQDA&ved=0CFUQ6AEwCDgK#v=onepage&q=Sir%20William%20Feilding%2C%201st%20Earl%20of%20Denbigh&f=false 594
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Burke 1914, pp. 593–594.
  3. ^ Burke, Sir Bernard (1866), A Genealogical History of the Dormant: Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, Harrison, p. 14
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Burke 1866, p. 14.

Notes

  1. ^
    Aquila Hapsburghiensis 1780
    Satirical print of the arms of the Feilding family superimposed on the Habsburg double-headed eagle lacking one head, dedicated to the Garter King of Arms and mocking the family's pretensions at ancestral connections to the Habsburg dynasty.
    The descent of the Feildings from the house of Habsburg, through the counts of Laufenburg and Rheinfelden, long considered authentic, and accepted by Edward Gibbon, has been proved to have been based on forged documents.[4]
Aquila Hapsburghiensis 1780
Satirical print of the arms of the Feilding family superimposed on the Habsburg double-headed eagle lacking one head, dedicated to the Garter King of Arms and mocking the family's pretensions at ancestral connections to the Habsburg dynasty.
  1. ^ a b c Thrush 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d Chisholm 1911, p. 17.
  3. ^ Lundy 2011, p. 10941 § 109408 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 178.
  4. ^ J. H. Round, Studies in Peerage and Family History
  5. ^ "Feilding, William (FLDN603W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  6. ^ Hedges, William (1889). Yule, Henry, ed. The diary of William Hedges, esq. (afterwards Sir William Hedges), during his agency in Bengal : as well as on his voyage out and return overland (1681-1697). 2. London: Hakuyt Society. p. cccxliv-cccxlvi.
  7. ^ a b c Colburn 1880, p. 354.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Debrett 1836, p. 70.

References

  • Colburn, Henry (1880), A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, 42:1, p. 354
  • Debrett, John (1836), Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland, p. 70
  • Lundy, Darryl (4 March 2011), William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh, Peerage.com, p. 10941 § 109408, retrieved November 2013 Check date values in: |accessdate= (help) cites:
    • Cokayne, G.E. (2000), et all, eds., The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, IV (new reprint in 6 volumes ed.), Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, p. 178
  • Thrush, Andrew (January 2008) [2004], "Feilding, William, first earl of Denbigh (c.1587–1643)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9251 (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Denbigh, William Feilding, 1st Earl of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 17. Endnotes:
    • E. Lodge, Portraits (1850), iv. 113
    • J. Nichols, History of Leicestershire (1807), iv. pt. 1, 273
    • Hist. MSS. Comm Ser. 4th Rep. app. 254
    • Cal. of State Papers, Dom.
    • J. H. Round, Studies in Peerage and Family History,1901, p. 216.

External links

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Brooke
Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire
1628–1643
Succeeded by
The Lord Dunsmore
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Denbigh
1622–1643
Succeeded by
Basil Feilding
Viscount Feilding
1620–1643

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