William F. Nolan
William F. Nolan in 2008
|Born||March 6, 1928|
Kansas City, Missouri
|Genre||Science fiction, Magical Realism, Fantasy, Literary, Western, and Horror|
|Notable works||Logan's Run, Trilogy of Terror, Burnt Offerings (film), Helltracks|
|Notable awards||MWA Edgar Allan Poe Award Winner (2x); IHG Living Legend in Dark Fantasy Winner, 2002; SFWA Author Emeritus, 2006; HWA Lifetime Achievement Award Winner, 2010; World Fantasy Convention Award, 2013; World Horror Society Grand Master, 2015|
Nolan became involved in science-fiction fandom in the 1950s, and published several fanzines, including The Ray Bradbury Review. During this time, Nolan befriended several science-fiction and fantasy writers, including Ray Bradbury, Robert Bloch, Richard Matheson, Charles Beaumont and Ray Russell. Nolan became a professional author in 1956. Nolan is perhaps best known for coauthoring the novel Logan's Run, with George Clayton Johnson, but has written literally hundreds of pieces, from poetry to nonfiction, to prose, for many publications, such as Sports Illustrated, Rogue, Playboy, Dark Discoveries, Nameless Digest, and others. Nolan has written several mystery novels, including the "Challis" series. He also had a long career in the movie industry, primarily working for Dan Curtis, and co-wrote the screenplay for the 1976 horror film Burnt Offerings which starred Karen Black and Bette Davis.
Nolan has also been a prolific editor of collections (by others), and anthologies, most recently co-editing two anthologies with friend, filmmaker, and writer Jason V Brock: The Bleeding Edge (2009), with stories from fellow writers Ray Bradbury, Richard Matheson, George Clayton Johnson, John Shirley, Dan O'Bannon, and several others, and The Devil's Coattails (2012), which featured offerings from Ramsey Campbell, S. T. Joshi, Richard Selzer, Earl Hamner, Jr., and more, both from Cycatrix Press. Nolan teamed up with Bluewater Productions for a comic book series, Logan's Run: Last Day, released in 2010. In addition, he developed comics based on one other property of his for Bluewater: Tales from William F. Nolan's Dark Universe (featuring stories adapted by Nolan and Brock and published in 2013). Another comic book mini-series Sam Space (forthcoming) has been scripted and approved.
Among his many accolades, Nolan has twice won the Edgar Allan Poe Award from the Mystery Writers of America. He was voted a Living Legend in Dark Fantasy by the International Horror Guild in 2002, and in 2006 was bestowed the honorary title of Author Emeritus by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America. In 2010, he received the Lifetime Achievement Bram Stoker Award from the Horror Writers Association (HWA). In 2013 he was a recipient, along with Brian W. Aldiss, of the World Fantasy Convention Award in Brighton, England by the World Fantasy Convention. In May 2014, Nolan was presented with another Bram Stoker Award, for Superior Achievement in Nonfiction; this was for his collection about his late friend Ray Bradbury, called Nolan on Bradbury: Sixty Years of Writing about the Master of Science Fiction. In 2015, Nolan was named a World Horror Society Grand Master; the award was presented at the World Horror Convention in Atlanta, GA in May of that year.
Nolan was born in Kansas City, Missouri to Irish Catholic parents. He briefly attended the Kansas City Art Institute. Later, he worked for Hallmark Cards, Inc. writing verse and illustrating greeting cards before moving to California with his parents. After a few years working in offices, he met Charles Beaumont, who would remain a close friend until Beaumont's untimely death at age thirty-eight. Beaumont was instrumental in Nolan becoming an author. Nolan was also a close friend to Norman Corwin and Ray Bradbury, among others, and was a member of the influential Southern California School of Writers in the 1950s-1960s (known informally as "The Group"), many of whom wrote for Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Twilight Zone, Star Trek, and other popular series of the day. Nolan is an ethical vegetarian and loves animals. He still writes new material and is active in various literary projects, conventions (he was Guest of Honor at Killer Con, and at Portland's Orycon, as well as a special guest at the World Horror Convention, World Fantasy Convention, and many others), and promotional opportunities. Though estranged for more than ten years, he has been married since 1970. He resides in Vancouver, WA. With regard to his work, he stated: "I get excited about something, and I want to write about it."
Author Emeritus was an honorary title annually bestowed by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America upon a living writer. It was created in 1995 "as a way to recognize and appreciate senior writers in the genres of science fiction and fantasy who have made significant contributions to our field but who are no longer active or whose excellent work may no longer be as widely known as it once was." The Author Emeritus is invited to speak at the annual Nebula Awards banquet.The Author Emeritus was inaugurated in 1995 and conferred 14 times in 16 years to 2010 (at the 1994 to 2009 Nebula Awards banquets). Three years later, no more had been named and SFWA simply stated, "This year's Nebula Awards Weekend will not feature an Author Emeritus." By October 2013, early in the 20th year of the honor, SFWA had made unavailable general information about the Author Emeritus and a compiled list of honorees.
1995 Emil Petaja
1996 Wilson Tucker
1997 Judith Merril
1998 Nelson S. Bond
1999 William Tenn
2000 Daniel Keyes
2001 Robert Sheckley
2003 Katherine MacLean
2004 Charles L. Harness—declined the banquet invitation due to being unable to travel and was honored by SFWA as an "Author of Distinction"
2006 William F. Nolan
2007 D. G. Compton
2008 Ardath Mayhar
2009 M. J. Engh
2010 Neal Barrett, Jr.Bram Stoker Award
The Bram Stoker Award is a recognition presented annually by the Horror Writers Association (HWA) for "superior achievement" in dark fantasy and horror writing.Bridge Across Time
Bridge Across Time, also known as Terror at London Bridge is a 1985 made-for-television drama film. It was an NBC movie of the week, written by William F. Nolan, directed by E.W. Swackhamer and starred David Hasselhoff, Stepfanie Kramer, and Randolph Mantooth. The relocation of London Bridge to Lake Havasu City, Arizona is the basis of this film, and a series of murders is attributed to the spirit of Jack the Ripper, whose soul is transported to the United States in one of the stones of the bridge.
The film is also known as Arizona Ripper.Charles Beaumont
Charles Beaumont (January 2, 1929 – February 21, 1967) was an American author of speculative fiction, including short stories in the horror and science fiction subgenres. He is remembered as a writer of classic Twilight Zone episodes, such as "The Howling Man", "Miniature", "Printer's Devil", and "Number Twelve Looks Just Like You", but also penned the screenplays for several films, among them 7 Faces of Dr. Lao, The Intruder, and The Masque of the Red Death. Novelist Dean Koontz has said, "Charles Beaumont was one of the seminal influences on writers of the fantastic and macabre." Beaumont is also the subject of the documentary, Charles Beaumont: The Short Life of Twilight Zone's Magic Man, by Jason V Brock.Charles E. Fritch
Charles E. Fritch (January 20, 1927 – October 11, 2012) was an American author and editor of fantasy, science fiction, horror and mystery fiction. He was the Editor of Mike Shayne Mystery Magazine from 1979 until 1985. His short-story, "Misfortune Cookie" was adapted for an episode of the television series The Twilight Zone.George Clayton Johnson
George Clayton Johnson (July 10, 1929 – December 25, 2015) was an American science fiction writer, best known for co-writing with William F. Nolan the novel Logan's Run, the basis for the MGM 1976 film. He was also known for his television scripts for The Twilight Zone (including "Nothing in the Dark", "Kick the Can", "A Game of Pool", and "A Penny for Your Thoughts"), and the first telecast episode of Star Trek, entitled "The Man Trap". He also wrote the story on which the 1960 and 2001 films Ocean's Eleven were based.J. N. Williamson
Gerald "Jerry" Neal Williamson (April 17, 1932 - December 8, 2005) was an American horror writer and editor known under the name J. N. Williamson. Born in Indianapolis, Indiana he graduated from Shortridge High School. He studied journalism at Butler University. He published his first novel in 1979 and went on to publish more than 40 novels and 150 short stories. In 2003 he received a lifetime achievement award from the Horror Writers of America. He edited the critically acclaimed How to Write Tales of Horror, Fantasy & Science Fiction (1987) which covered the themes of such writing and cited the writings of such writers as Robert Bloch, Lee Prosser, Richard Matheson, Ray Bradbury, H. P. Lovecraft, August Derleth, William F. Nolan, and Stephen King. Many important writers in the genre contributed to the book. Williamson edited the popular anthology series, Masques. Some of his novels include The Ritual (1979), Playmates (1982), Noonspell (1991), The Haunt (1999), among others.
Williamson recalled in a 2003 interview that his first work of fiction was a Sherlock Holmes pastiche called "The Terrible Death of Crosby, The Banker."Jason V. Brock
Jason V. Brock (born March 1, 1970) is an American author, artist, editor and filmmaker.
He is the CEO and co-founder (with his wife, Sunni) of JaSunni Productions, LLC, whose documentary films include Charles Beaumont: The Short Life of Twilight Zone’s Magic Man, the Rondo Hatton Classic Horror Award-winning The AckerMonster Chronicles!, and Image, Reflection, Shadow: Artists of the Fantastic. He is also the author of Totems and Taboos, a compilation of his poetry and artwork; and an editor, along with William F. Nolan, of The Bleeding Edge: Dark Barriers, Dark Frontiers and The Devil's Coattails: More Dispatches from the Dark Frontier anthologies published by Cycatrix Press. Brock shares story credit (he was Lead Story Consultant and Lead Designer) on the Logan’s Run: Last Day and related comic book series from Bluewater Productions. He is also a writer for the comic book/graphic novel, Tales from William F. Nolan's Dark Universe (also from Bluewater).He served as Managing Editor/contributor and Art Director for Dark Discoveries magazine for over four years. His novella, Milton’s Children, was published by Bad Moon Books in early 2013. In addition to award wins and nominations, Brock's work has generally been well-received, and his poetry, short stories, nonfiction articles, introductions and essays have been widely published internationally online, as well as in dozens of horror, science fiction and fantasy books and scholarly print magazines (Fangoria, Dark Discoveries, Calliope, Comic-Con International's Souvenir Book, the Weird Fiction Review [print edition], American Rationalist [an organ of the Center for Inquiry], etc.), and multiple anthologies working with a wide array of publishers and editors (Butcher Knives and Body Counts, S. T. Joshi's Black Wings series, Matt Cardin's Teeming Brain website and his book Horror Literature Through History, Animal Magnetism, and so on). A content expert in multiple areas, he has been a frequent special guest and panelist at many horror and science fiction conventions (such as Necronomicon-Providence, MythosCon, Norwescon, Crypticon, World Horror Convention, World Fantasy Convention, and others) and film festivals (including the H. P. Lovecraft Film Festival, Buffalo International Film Festival, Lovecraft's Visions, etc.). He has also been a guest lecturer and speaker at various colleges and universities (including at the invitation of James E. Gunn to the University of Kansas Center for the Study of Science Fiction). In 2015, at the invitation of author Greg Bear, Brock and Nolan contributed writings, along with others, as examples from significant Washington State authors to the Washington Centennial Time Capsule. A sealing ceremony was held in the state capital of Olympia, Washington. In late 2015, he was featured as the Editor Guest of Honor at the largest science fiction convention in Oregon, OryCon 37.Logan's Run
Logan's Run is a novel by William F. Nolan and George Clayton Johnson. Published in 1967, the novel depicts a dystopic ageist future society in which both population and the consumption of resources are maintained in equilibrium by requiring the death of everyone reaching the age of 21. The story follows the actions of Logan, a Sandman charged with enforcing the rule, as he tracks down and kills citizens who "run" from society's lethal demand—only to end up "running" himself.Logan's Run (film)
Logan's Run is a 1976 American science fiction film, directed by Michael Anderson and starring Michael York, Jenny Agutter, Richard Jordan, Roscoe Lee Browne, Farrah Fawcett, and Peter Ustinov. The screenplay by David Zelag Goodman is based on the book Logan's Run by William F. Nolan and George Clayton Johnson. It depicts a utopian future society on the surface, revealed as a dystopia where the population and the consumption of resources are maintained in equilibrium by killing everyone who reaches the age of thirty. The story follows the actions of Logan 5, a "Sandman" who has terminated others who have attempted to escape death, and is now faced with termination himself.
Produced by Metro–Goldwyn–Mayer, the film uses only the basic premise from the novel, that everyone must die at a set age and that Logan runs off with a female companion named Jessica while being chased by another Sandman named Francis. After aborted attempts to adapt the novel, story changes were made including raising the age of "last day" from 21 to 30 and introducing the idea of "Carrousel" [sic] for eliminating 30-year-olds. Its filming was marked by special-effects challenges in depicting Carrousel and innovative use of holograms and wide-angle lenses.
The film won a Special Academy Award for its visual effects and six Saturn Awards, including Best Science Fiction Film. In 1977, a TV series aired, though only 14 episodes were produced.Logan's World
Logan's World (1977) is a science fiction novel by William F. Nolan. It is a sequel to Logan's Run (1967), written by Nolan and George Clayton Johnson.Lurton Blassingame
Lurton Blassingame (February 10, 1904 – April 1988) was an American literary agent.
He was born in Fort Smith, Arkansas and went to Columbia University where he studied writing. His Master's thesis was based on the history of pulp fiction.
His first job was as a writer in Hollywood. From that job he moved on to found the American Library Foundation with William Allen in 1937.
He was the literary agent for Frank Herbert, Robert A. Heinlein, John Barth, William F. Nolan, and Rosemary Taylor. His public relations firm named Houston Branch Associates was sold to Eleanor Wood's Spectrum Literary Agency in 1978.In 1951, author Robert A. Heinlein dedicated his science fiction book The Puppet Masters "to Lurton Blassingame". He also used Blassingame as a "care-of" address for form letter responses to fans.
In 1980, literary agent Kirby McCauley dedicated his horror anthology Dark Forces to Blassingame "with admiration and affection".
Heinlein's posthumous 1989 book Grumbles from the Grave consists of his letters. There are more letters to Blassingame than any other correspondent. (And some of Blassingames's letters to Heinlein are included.)Nolan
Nolan is both a surname and a given name, of Irish origin from Ó Nualláin, Notable people with the name include:
Adam Nolan, Irish Boxer
Albert Nolan (born 1934), South African Roman Catholic theologian
Anna Nolan (born 1970), Irish television presenter
Anthony Nolan (1972–1979), for whom the Anthony Nolan UK charity was formed
Barry Nolan, American television presenter
Bernadette Nolan (1960–2013), Irish entertainer and actress
Bob Nolan (1908–1980), Canadian singer-songwriter and actor
Brandon Nolan (born 1983), Canadian ice hockey player
Brian Nolan (1932–2006), Canadian journalist and author
Catherine Nolan, American politician
Christopher Nolan (born 1970), film director
Christopher Nolan (author) (born 1965), Irish poet
Clive Nolan, British musician and producer
Coleen Nolan (born 1965), English television presenter
Daire Nolan (born 1968), Irish professional dancer and choreographer
David Nolan (American author) (born 1946), American non-fiction writer
David Nolan (Libertarian Party), American politician, founder of the Libertarian Party
David Nolan (swimmer), American swimmer
Deanna Nolan (born 1979), American basketball player
Dennis E. Nolan (1872–1956), U.S. Army general
Dick Nolan (football) (born 1932), American football player & coach
Dick Nolan (musician) (1939–2005), Canadian musician
Eddie Nolan (born 1988), Irish footballer
Edward Nolan (actor) (1888–1943), American silent film actor
Edward Nolan (bishop) (1793-1837), Irish Roman Catholic bishop
Edward Sylvester "The Only" Nolan (1857–1913), Canadian baseball player
Elaine Nolan (born 1981), Irish cricketer
Faith Nolan (born 1957), Canadian musician and social activist
Francis Nolan, British phonetician
Frederick Nolan (born 1931), British editor and writer
Gary Nolan (baseball player) (born 1948), American baseball player
Gary Nolan (radio host) (born 1954), American politician and radio host
Graham Nolan, comic book artist
Henry Grattan Nolan (1893–1957), Canadian lawyer
Isabel Nolan, Irish artist
James Thomas Nolan (1926-2018), American actor known professionally as James Greene
Jeanette Nolan (1911–1998), American actress
Jerry Nolan (1946–1992), American drummer
Joe Nolan (born 1951), American baseball player
John Nolan (musician) (born 1978), American singer and musician
John Gavin Nolan, American Roman Catholic bishop
John Philip Nolan (1838–1912), Irish landowner and politician
Jonathan Nolan (born 1976), British screenwriter
Jordan Nolan (ice hockey) (born 1989), Canadian professional ice hockey player
Joseph A. Nolan, Philippine–American War Medal of Honor recipient
Joseph R. Nolan, American jurist
Joseph Nolan Irish politician
Kathleen Nolan (born 1933), American actress.
Keith W. Nolan (May 7, 1964 – February 19, 2009) American military historian of the Vietnam War and author of Irish and Swedish descent.
Kevin Nolan (born 1982), English footballer of Irish and Dutch descent
Leo Nolan (born 1972), American boxer
Lloyd Nolan (1902–1985), American actor
Louis Edward Nolan (1818–1854), Canadian-British soldier
M. J. Nolan (born 1951), Irish politician
Mae Nolan (1886–1973), American politician
Martin Nolan, American journalist
Mary Nolan (1905–1948), American actress
Melanie Nolan (born 1960), historian and university academic from New Zealand
Michael N. Nolan, Irish-American politician
Michael Nolan, Baron Nolan, British judge
Mike Nolan (born 1954), Irish singer
Mike Nolan (born 1959), American football player & coach
Mike Nolan, principal of Middle Park State School
Monica Nolan (1913–1995), American tennis player
Nicholas M. Nolan (1835–1883) US Soldier during the American Civil War & Indian Wars
Norma Nolan (born c. 1943), Argentinian beauty queen
Owen Nolan (born 1972), Canadian ice hockey player
Pat Nolan, Canadian hockey player
Pat Nolan (born 1950), American lawyer, politician & activist
Patrick Nolan (1881–1941), Canadian politician
Philip Nolan (1771–1801), Irish-American confidence trickster
Rick Nolan (born 1943), American politician
Sam Nolan (born 1930), Irish trade unionist and political activist
Seán Nolan, Irish Sinn Féin politician
Sidney Nolan (1917–1992), Australian painter
Stephen Nolan (born 1973), Northern Irish radio and television presenter
Ted Nolan (born 1958), Canadian ice hockey player and coach
Tom Nolan (1921–1992), Irish politician
William F. Nolan (born 1928), American novelist
William I. Nolan (1874–1943), American politicianGiven name:
Nolan Arenado (born 1991), American baseball player
Nolan Bushnell (born 1943), American engineer and entrepreneur who founded Atari, Inc and the Chuck E. Cheese's Pizza-Time Theaters
Nolan Carroll (born 1987), National Football League (NFL) player
Nolan Cromwell (born 1955), football coach and former NFL player
Nolan Jones (born 1998), American baseball player
Nolan Miller (born 1935), American fashion designer
Nolan Miller (1907–2006), American author
Nolan North (born 1970), American voice actor
Nolan Reimold (born 1983), Major League Baseball player
Nolan Richardson (born 1941), American basketball coach
Nolan Roux (born 1988), French footballer
Nolan Ryan (born 1947), Hall of Fame Major League Baseball pitcher
Nolan Gerard Funk (born 28 July 1986), Canadian actor, singer, model and dancer
Nolan Smith (born 1988), American basketball player
Nolan Gould (born October 28, 1998), American actorFictional characters:
Nolan, supporting character in Season 6B of Teen Wolf
Bruce Nolan, from the film Bruce Almighty
Philip Nolan, main character of the short story "The Man Without a Country"
Nolan Heinberg, the secret identity of the fictional character Omni-Man
Nolan Walsh, from the film Racing Stripes
Lynsey Nolan, character in UK TV series Hollyoaks
Mike Nolan, main character from The Mike Nolan Show on Comedy Central Australia
The Nolan family from the novel A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
Nolan Sorrento, antagonist in the novel Ready Player One by Ernest Cline
Nolan, a Frontiner Brains from Pokemon EmeraldSplatterpunk
Splatterpunk was a movement within horror fiction in the 1980s, distinguished by its graphic, often gory, depiction of violence, countercultural alignment and "hyperintensive horror with no limits." The term was coined in 1986 by David J. Schow at the Twelfth World Fantasy Convention in Providence, Rhode Island. Splatterpunk is regarded as a revolt against the "traditional, meekly suggestive horror story".
Splatterpunk has been defined as a "literary genre characterised by graphically described scenes of an extremely gory nature."Michael Shea's short fiction "The Autopsy" (1980) has been described as a "proto-splatterpunk" story.Splatterpunk provoked considerable controversy among horror writers. Robert Bloch criticised the movement, stating "there is a distinction to be made between that which inspires terror and that which inspires nausea". William F. Nolan and Charles L. Grant also censured the movement. However, critics R.S. Hadji and Philip Nutman praised the movement, the latter stating splatterpunk was a "survivalist" literature that "reflects the moral chaos of our times".Though the term gained some prominence in the 1980s and 1990s, and, as a movement, attracted a cult following, the term "splatterpunk" has since been replaced by other synonymous terms for the genre. The last major commercial endeavor aimed at the Splatterpunk audience was 1995's Splatterpunks II: Over the Edge, an anthology of short stories which also included essays on horror cinema and an interview with Anton LaVey. By 1998, one commentator was stating that interest in splatterpunk was declining, noting such interest "seemed to have reached a peak" in the mid-1990s. The term is still sometimes used for horror with a strong gruesome element, such as Philip Nutman's novel Cities of Night.Writers known for writing in this genre include Clive Barker, Poppy Z. Brite, Jack Ketchum, Richard Laymon, J. F. Gonzalez, Joe Lansdale, Brian Keene, Monica J. O'Rourke, Matt Shaw, Bryan Smith, Richard Christian Matheson, Robert McCammon, Shane McKenzie, Wrath James White, David J. Schow
(described as "the father of splatterpunk" by Richard Christian Matheson), John Skipp, Craig Spector, Edward Lee, and Michael Boatman. Some commentators also
regard Kathe Koja as a splatterpunk writer.The Diamond as Big as the Ritz
The Diamond as Big as the Ritz is a novella by novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald. It was first published in the June 1922 issue of The Smart Set magazine, and was included in Fitzgerald's 1922 short story collection Tales of the Jazz Age. Much of the story is set in Montana, a setting that may have been inspired by the summer that Fitzgerald spent near White Sulphur Springs, Montana in 1915.Orson Welles adapted the story into a radio play in 1945 and another version was presented three times on the program Escape between 1947 and 1949.
A teleplay version was broadcast on Kraft Theatre in 1955. The story's sisters, Kismine and Jasmine, were portrayed by Lee Remick and
Elizabeth Montgomery, who were unknowns of 20 and 22 at the time.
Mickey Mouse No. 47 (Apr./May 1956) contains a retelling of Fitzgerald's story under the title "The Mystery of Diamond Mountain", scripted by William F. Nolan and Charles Beaumont and illustrated by Paul Murry.
Jimmy Buffett recounts the story in the song 'Diamond As Big As The Ritz' from his 1995 album Barometer Soup.The Norliss Tapes
The Norliss Tapes is a 1973 American television horror film directed by Dan Curtis and written by William F. Nolan, starring Roy Thinnes and Angie Dickinson. Framed through a series of tapes left behind by the missing Norliss, an investigator of the occult, it tells the story of his encounter with a widow and her artist husband who has returned from the dead.
The film was originally produced by NBC as a pilot for a television series which was ultimately not produced.
The film premiered as a standalone movie on the NBC network on February 21, 1973.The Winner Twins
The Winner Twins, Brittany and Brianna, are identical twin science fiction authors best known for The Strand Series of books, and the fact they were recognized as prodigies at the age of twelve by The World Council for Gifted & Talented Children.Their first novel The Strand Prophecy received favorable reviews and won several awards; including an IPPY Award and nominations for the Benjamin Franklin Award for both Best New Author and for Best Young Adult Fiction, and was inducted into the National Accelerated Reader Program. Strand Book II - Extinction's Embrace was released in 2011, and a third novel in the series was announced at WonderCon in 2014 that has not yet been published.In the educational field The Twins have received three Pinnacle Awards for excellence in teaching from the Center for Interactive Learning and Collaboration (CILC) in 2012, 2013 and 2014.The Twins are also contributing writers for Penguin's educational publication, "Now Write! Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror: Speculative Genre Exercises from Today's Best Writers and Teachers" alongside authors such as Harlan Ellison, Ramsey Campbell, Piers Anthony and William F. Nolan.TidalWave Productions
TidalWave Productions (previously known as Bluewater Productions, StormFront Media/Publishing & Storm Entertainment) is an independent production studio of comic books and graphic novels. Based in Vancouver, Washington, United States, Bluewater publishes biographical comics, adaptations from films, and original titles with self-created characters.