The concept of a wildlife reserve was spelled out in Law No. 9.985 of 18 July 2000, which established the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC). It is a natural area with populations of native species of fauna, terrestrial and aquatic, resident or migratory, suitable for technical and scientific studies of sustainable economic management of wildlife resources. The public may visit the reserve if that is compatible with managing the conservation unit. Hunting is not allowed. However, products and by-products that result from the research may be marketed subject to laws concerning fauna. The area of the reserve is in the public domain, and land within its boundaries may be expropriated.
Federal reserves are administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. Other reserves are administered by the state or municipal environmental agency. As of 2016 Chico Mendes Institute had not created any wildlife reserves.
|Baía da Babitonga||Santa Catarina||2007||Coastal marine|
|Fully protected units|
|Sustainable use units|