White County, Arkansas

White County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,076.[1] The county seat is Searcy.[2] White County is Arkansas's 31st county, formed on October 23, 1835, from portions of Independence, Jackson, and Pulaski counties and named for Hugh Lawson White, a Whig candidate for President of the United States. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county, though a few private establishments (such as the Searcy Country Club, and Veterans of Foreign Wars posts in Searcy and Beebe) can serve alcohol.

White County comprises the Searcy, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Combined Statistical Area.

The 45th and current White County Judge is Michael Lincoln of Searcy, who assumed office in January 2007.

White County, Arkansas
White County Courthouse and Confederate monument in Searcy
Flag of White County, Arkansas
Seal of White County, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting White County

Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas

Arkansas's location within the U.S.
FoundedOctober 23, 1835
Named forHugh Lawson White
Largest citySearcy
 • Total1,042 sq mi (2,699 km2)
 • Land1,035 sq mi (2,681 km2)
 • Water7.1 sq mi (18 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2016)79,263
 • Density75/sq mi (29/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5


On May 17, 1862, White County was the site of the Little Red Skirmish between Union Major General Samuel J Curtis and a force of about 100 loosely-organized rebels, followed by the Action at Whitney Lane in June.[3] also known as The Skirmish at Searcy Landing.[4]

In 1958, Odell Pollard, a retired attorney from Searcy, exposed corrupt election practices at Bald Knob, a small city in White County. Election workers cast "absentee ballots" for some 30 pipeline construction workers and their spouses. However, the workers were outside of Arkansas at the time of the election, which had a prohibition measure on the ballot. The voters never cast absentee votes, according to their affidavits presented by Pollard to the White County prosecutor. No action was taken until after the statute of limitations had expired, when the charges were moot. Pollard said the fraud case made him to switch his partisan affiliation from Democrat to Republican. From 1966 to 1970, Pollard was the state party chairman, and from 1973 to 1976, he was the Arkansas Republican National Committeeman.[5]

In 1988, White County elected virtually an entire slate of Republicans to county offices. Though such Republican sweeps had frequently occurred in northern and northwestern Arkansas, White County was the first in the Little Rock area to turn to Republican as the party steadily made inroads toward a two-party system.[6]

A portion of White County is represented in the Arkansas State Senate by the Republican Ronald R. Caldwell, a real estate businessman from Wynne in Cross County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,042 square miles (2,700 km2), of which 1,035 square miles (2,680 km2) is land and 7.1 square miles (18 km2) (0.7%) is water.[7] It is the second-largest county by area in Arkansas.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National and state protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201679,263[9]2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790–1960[11] 1900–1990[12]
1990–2000[13] 2010–2016[1]
USA White County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid White County[14]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[15] there were 67,165 people, 25,148 households, and 18,408 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 27,613 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.52% White, 3.56% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 25,148 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,203, and the median income for a family was $38,782. Males had a median income of $29,884 versus $20,323 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,890. About 10.40% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.10% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.


One of the state's largest banks, First Security Bank, was established in Searcy in 1932 as Security Bank. First Security now has over $4 billion in assets and 70 locations in Arkansas.

Regional ice cream producer and distributor Yarnell Ice Cream Co. has its headquarters in the Searcy's downtown area.

Latina Imports and Latina Nursery are also located in Searcy and is one of the largest female, Hispanic-owned companies in Arkansas.

The first Wal-Mart distribution center away from the corporate headquarters in Bentonville was established in Searcy.


Public education

Public education is provided by several public school districts including:

Private education

  • CrossPointe Preparatory, Searcy, Churches of Christ
  • Harding Academy, Searcy, Churches of Christ
  • Liberty Christian School, Searcy, Christian
  • Lighthouse Christian Academy, Beebe, Pentecostal
  • Sunshine School, Searcy
  • Trinity Christian School, Bradford, Baptist

Colleges and universities




Unincorporated communities

  • Albion — north-central White County, between Four Mile Hill or "Boothill" and Pangburn, and north of Letona, along Arkansas Highway 16 and surrounding county roads
  • Antioch — western White County, north of Beebe, along Arkansas Highways 31 and 267 and surrounding county roads
  • Andrews
  • Bare Stone
  • Barrentine Corner
  • Bee Rock
  • Belcher
  • Center Hill — central White County, approximately 8 miles west of Searcy, situated along Arkansas Highway 36 and 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Clay
  • Conant
  • Crosby
  • Dewey
  • Dogwood
  • Doniphan
  • El Paso — southwestern White County, situated along Arkansas Highway 5 and U.S. Highway 64 West
  • Enright
  • Essex
  • Floyd — western White County, approximately 8 miles southeast of Romance, along Arkansas Highways 31 and 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Four Mile Hill or "Boot Hill" — central White County, northwest of Searcy and southeast of Albion, along Arkansas Highway 16 and surrounding county roads
  • Georgia Ridge — home community of Arkansas State Representative Charlotte Douglas of District 75 in Crawford County
  • Gravel Hill — western White County, northwest of Floyd and south of Joy, situated between Arkansas Highways 31 and 36 along Gravel Hill Road and surrounding county roads
  • Hammondsville — western White County, between Romance and El Paso, primarily situated along Hammons Chapel Road (connecting Highway 5 and El Paso Road)
  • Happy
  • Harmony — central White County, southwest of Center Hill, situated along Arkansas Highway 305 and surrounding county roads
  • Hart
  • Hickory Flat
  • Holly Springs
  • Joy — central White County, between Rose Bud and Center Hill, situated along Arkansas Highway 36 and surrounding county roads
  • Keeler Corner
  • Liberty Valley — eastern White County, between Bald Knob and the White River, along U.S. Highway 64 East and surrounding county roads
  • Little Red
  • Midway
  • Mitchell Corner
  • Morning Sun — annexed to Higginson in 2008
  • Nimmo
  • Opal — southwestern White County, between El Paso and Beebe, along U.S. Highway 64 West and Opal Road and surrounding county roads
  • Pickens — north-central White County, between Sidon and Letona, along Arkansas Highway 310 (Pickens Chapel Road) and Pickens Road and surrounding county roads
  • Plainview — northeastern White County, north of Judsonia, along Arkansas Highways 157 and 385 and surrounding county roads
  • Pryor
  • Providence — northeastern White County, north of Judsonia and northwest of Bald Knob, along Arkansas Highways 157 and 258 and surrounding county roads; site of White County Central Schools
  • Rio Vista
  • Romance — western White County, between Rose Bud and El Paso, along Arkansas Highways 5 and 31 and surrounding county roads
  • Showalter's Corner
  • Sidon — north-central White County, west of Pickens and north of Joy, along Arkansas Highway 310 and surrounding county roads
  • Smyrna
  • Steprock
  • Sunnydale
  • Twentythree
  • Velvet Ridge — northeastern White County, north of Bald Knob, along U.S. Highway 167 and surrounding county roads
  • Vinity Corner — south-central White County, south of Garner and southeast of McRae, along West Vinity Road, North Vinity Road, and other county roads southeast of Arkansas Highway 367
  • Walker — southeastern White County, south of Higginson and west of Griffithville, along Arkansas Highway 11 (Walker Road) and surrounding county roads
  • Worden
  • Wright's Corner

Historic towns

  • Beeler Ferry
  • Bethel Grove
  • Denmark
  • Jasmine
  • Mount Pisgah
  • Old Stoney Point
  • Roosevelt
  • Russell
  • Union Hill


Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of White County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [17][18]


See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Skirmish at Little Red River (May 17, 1862)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  4. ^ "Action at Whitney's Lane". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  5. ^ Statement of Odell Pollard, Searcy attorney, December 30, 2009
  6. ^ Osro Cobb, Osro Cobb of Arkansas: Memoirs of Historical Significance, Carol Griffee, ed. (Little Rock, Arkansas: Rose Publishing Company, 1989), p. 114
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. ^ "Wildlife Management Areas". AGFC. Archived from the original on 2010-02-01. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  14. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  17. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): White County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
  18. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  19. ^ "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014. External link in |work= (help)

External links

Coordinates: 35°15′21″N 91°44′05″W / 35.25583°N 91.73472°W

Bald Knob, Arkansas

Bald Knob is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,897 at the 2010 census. Located at the intersection of two of the state's natural regions, Bald Knob is often promoted as "where the Ozarks meet the Delta". Bald Knob is also a leading strawberry producer in the state, known for its yearly Strawberry Fest held during Mother's Day weekend. It was once known as the leading strawberry producer in the world. Bald Knob was established in 1881.

Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge

The Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge is a 15,022 acres (60.79 km2) (2014) wildlife refuge located in White County, Arkansas about two miles south of the town of Bald Knob. The refuge is managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The refuge features large numbers of migratory waterfowl and bald eagles during the winter months.

The Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1993 when the U.S. government purchased a large rice farm from the John Hancock Insurance Company. The refuge consists of 4,522 acres (18.30 km2) acres of agricultural land, 4,201 acres (17.00 km2) of bottomland hardwood forest including wetland sloughs and oxbow lakes, 6,188 acres (25.04 km2) of land being reforested, and 111 acres (0.45 km2) of roads, levees, and other man-made facilities. The refuge is bordered on the south by the Little Red River. Bald Knob NWR is near the 17,000 acres (69 km2) Henry Gray/Hurricane Lake State Wildlife Management Area

Beebe, Arkansas

Beebe is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 7,315 at the 2010 census, making it the second most populous in the county. The city is home to a branch campus of Jonesboro-based Arkansas State University.

El Paso, Arkansas

El Paso is an unincorporated community in southwestern White County, Arkansas, United States. Its name is Spanish for "the pass", referring to a small gap in the hills on the community's northern edge. Once known as Peach Orchard Gap in its early settlement, the origin of El Paso's Spanish name is unknown.

Georgetown, Arkansas

Georgetown is a town in southeastern White County, Arkansas, United States, overlooking the White River. First settled in 1789 before the Louisiana Purchase, the community is the oldest continuously settled area in Arkansas.

Judsonia, Arkansas


is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. Ronnie Schlem is the current mayor. The population was 2,019 at the 2010 census.

List of Arkansas townships

This list of Arkansas Townships is based on the U. S. Census (2000) list of places in Arkansas. There are also former townships that have been combined with others or absorbed by urban expansion.

Arkansas counties are divided into townships. Each township includes unincorporated space and some may have one or more incorporated towns or cities. Incorporated municipalities can and often do straddle township (and sometimes even county) lines.

Townships in Arkansas have very limited functions. They were formerly used as electoral districts for a Justice of the Peace and a Constable. Most counties have now designated districts for these offices, which may ignore township boundaries. Nevertheless, the names are of considerable use to genealogists and historians because the United States Census is enumerated by township. This allows researchers to see the numbers of people in a specific section of a county based on the US Census.

McRae School District

McRae School District No. 8 was a school district headquartered in McRae, Arkansas.

On July 1, 2004, it merged into the Beebe School District.

Midway (near Bald Knob), White County, Arkansas

Midway is an unincorporated community in White County, Arkansas, United States. Midway is located on Arkansas Highway 367, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) southwest of Bald Knob.

Midway (near Pleasant Plains), White County, Arkansas

Midway is an unincorporated community in White County, Arkansas, United States. Midway is located on U.S. Route 167, 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of Pleasant Plains.

Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad

The Missouri and North Arkansas Railroad was a regional carrier from 1906 to 1946, which at its peak strength joined Joplin in southwestern, Missouri with Helena in Phillips County in eastern Arkansas.

Few railroads experienced more misfortunes than the M&NA: storms, economic difficulties, labor problems, rough topography, and numerous fires. Ultimately, the company failed because Its service territory could not produce the revenue essential to the support of the railroad. The M&NA faced regional competition from two routes of the Missouri Pacific Railroad. Poor rail construction led to infrastructure failures during times of flooding. The M&NA was initially launched as a connection from Seligman in Barry County in southwestern Missouri, located on the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway, popularly known as the "Frisco".

National Register of Historic Places listings in White County, Arkansas

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in White County, Arkansas.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in White County, Arkansas, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map.There are 185 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county. Another 24 properties were once listed but have been removed.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted May 10, 2019.

Pangburn, Arkansas

Pangburn is a city in White County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 601 at the 2010 census.

Pickens, White County, Arkansas

Pickens is an unincorporated community in White County, Arkansas, United States. Pickens is located along Arkansas Highway 310, 2.7 miles (4.3 km) west-southwest of Letona.

Plainview, White County, Arkansas

Plainview is an unincorporated community in Harrison Township, White County, Arkansas, United States. It is located at the intersection of Arkansas Highway 157 and the northern terminus of Arkansas Highway 385.

Riverview High School (Arkansas)

Riverview High School is an accredited comprehensive public high school based in the town of Searcy, Arkansas, United States. Riverview provides secondary education for grades 9 through 12 to students in the communities of Searcy, Judsonia, Kensett and surrounding unincorporated communities of White County, Arkansas. It is the only high school of the Riverview School District.

Rose Bud, Arkansas

Rose Bud is a town in White County, Arkansas, United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 429. By area, the town is the third largest municipality in White County, after Searcy and Beebe.

Searcy, Arkansas

Searcy ( SUR-see) is the largest city and county seat of White County, Arkansas, United States. According to 2014 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 23,768. It is the principal city of the Searcy, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of White County. The city takes its name from Richard Searcy, a judge for the Superior Court of the Arkansas Territory. A college town, Searcy is the home of Harding University and ASU-Searcy.

Table Rock Lake

Table Rock Lake is an artificial lake or reservoir in the Ozarks of southwestern Missouri and northwestern Arkansas. The lake is impounded by Table Rock Dam (located 36.595374°N 93.311137°W / 36.595374; -93.311137) constructed from 1954 to 1958 on the White River by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.It is a popular attraction for the nearby town of Branson, Missouri. There are several commercial marinas along the lake, and Table Rock State Park is located on the east side, both north and south of Table Rock Dam. Downstream from the dam, the Missouri Department of Conservation operates a fish hatchery, which is used to stock trout in Lake Taneycomo. The cold water discharged from the dam creates a trout fishing environment in the lake.

The lake derives its name from a rock formation resembling a table at the small community of Table Rock, Missouri on Highway 165 about a mile and a half downstream from where the dam was built.

Places adjacent to White County, Arkansas
Municipalities and communities of White County, Arkansas, United States

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.