Wheelchair rugby league is a wheelchair-based version of rugby league football. It was developed by French rugby league player, coach and official, Robert Fassolette and Wally Salvan in 2004. Unlike other wheelchair sports, people without disabilities are allowed to compete in top level competition.
The game shares many features with regular rugby league:
The game then sees its own particular rules:
The inaugural Wheelchair Rugby League World Cup was held at indoor venues in Sydney, Australia in 2008. The 2013 Wheelchair RL World Cup was held in Gillingham, England in July. And the last WRL World Cup was held in the south of France in July 2017.
|Year||Host nation(s)||Teams||Final result|
|44 - 12|
|44 - 40|
|38 - 34|
The Festival of World Cups was a series of rugby league World Cups held in Australia during 2008. The Festival was being staged in Australia during 2008 to coincide with their Centenary of Rugby League celebrations. The centrepiece of the Festival was the men's 2008 Rugby League World Cup. In addition to this tournament, there were also world cups being held for University, Police, Women, Defence and Wheelchair teams.The Universities tournament officially started the Festival. Colin Love, the Rugby League World Cup 2008 Tournament Director and RLIF Chairman, stated "The festival highlights how the World Cup is embracing the Rugby League community and acknowledging its wide-ranging affiliates", adding "It’s a great opportunity to showcase the broad appeal of the game internationally".2013 Festival of World Cups
The 2013 Festival of World Cups is a series of rugby league World Cups held in the United Kingdom during 2013. The centrepiece of the Festival is the men's 2013 Rugby League World Cup. In addition to this tournament, there are also world cups being held for students, police, women, armed forces and wheelchair teams.2013 in rugby league
Top-level rugby league in 2013 centred on Australasia's 2013 NRL season and Super League XVIII. High-profile representative competitions included the 2013 Rugby League World Cup (held in Wales and England) and the 2013 State of Origin series.2017 Festival of World Cups
The 2017 Festival of World Cups was a series of rugby league World Cups that were held in Sydney, Australia during July 2017. As part of the festival, there was University World Cup and a Defence Force World Cup. A wheelchair rugby league World Cup was also held in France.
The festival is part of the buildup to the 2017 Women's Rugby League World Cup and the men's 2017 Rugby League World Cup which was held in Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea at the end of 2017.Andrew Harrison (wheelchair rugby)
Andrew Harrison, (born 7 June 1987) is a wheelchair rugby player. He has won gold medals at the 2012 London and 2016 Rio Paralympics.Ben Newton (wheelchair rugby)
Ben Newton, (born 14 February 1988) is a wheelchair rugby player. He was selected to represent Australia at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in wheelchair rugby.Cody Meakin
Cody Meakin, (born 27 December 1989) is a wheelchair rugby player. He was selected to represent Australia at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in wheelchair rugby.Easterhouse Panthers
Easterhouse Panthers are a Scottish rugby league team based in Easterhouse in the East End of Glasgow. They play in the Scottish National League. They currently play at Barrachnie Park in Glasgow.Grant Boxall
Grant Boxall (born 19 July 1976) is an Australian Paralympic wheelchair rugby player.Josh Hose
Joshua Anthony "Josh" Hose, (born 1 December 1986) is a wheelchair rugby player. He has won gold medals at the 2012 London and 2016 Rio Paralympics.Lee Smith (rugby)
Lee Smith is an English former professional rugby league footballer who played as a goal-kicking centre, wing or fullback for the Bradford Bulls in Betfred League 1.He has previously played rugby union with the London Wasps and the Newcastle Falcons, and played rugby league for the Leeds Rhinos and Wakefield Trinity Wildcats in the Super League.List of 30 Days episodes
The following is a list of episodes for the FX reality series 30 Days created and hosted by Morgan Spurlock.List of sports
The following is a list of sports/games, divided by category.
According to the World Sports Encyclopedia (2003), there are 8,000 indigenous sports and sporting games.List of types of football
This is a list of various types of football, most variations found as gridiron, rugby, association football.Rugby league in England
Rugby league is played across England but is most popular in Northern England, especially Yorkshire and Lancashire where the game originated. These areas are the heartland of rugby league. The sport is also popular in Cumbria where the amateur game is particularly powerful.Rugby league in Malta
Rugby league is an emerging full-contact team sport in Malta. The first game played at Marsa in 2005 by a largely Australian-Maltese touring team from the East-coast of Australia. The Maltese team opened with a successful 36–6 victory over England Lionhearts and featured one local Maltese player, Robert Bonavia.Wheelchair Australian rules football
Wheelchair Aussie Rules was originally created by Kevin Bucky Faulkner
The first organised game of competitive wheelchair Australian rules football was played at the RAAF base in Adelaide, South Australia on 8 November 2015. The game involved a team of wounded Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel undergoing rehabilitation at Darwin's soldier Recovery Centre and a Disability Sports Australia (DSA) team made up of players from South Australia. The game was organized by the ADF, Australian Football League and DSA. The final score was: DSA team 16.8.104 defeated the ADF team 14.5.89.In April 2015, Prince Harry whilst visiting Darwin, Northern Territory raised the profile of this new sport by participating in a game of wheelchair AFL. The game involved wounded Australian soldiers.In November 2015, there are plans to create a national league.Wheelchair rugby
Wheelchair rugby (originally murderball, and known as quad rugby in the United States) is a team sport for athletes with a disability. It is practised in over twenty-five countries around the world and is a summer Paralympic sport.
The US name is based on the requirement that all wheelchair rugby players need to have disabilities that include at least some loss of function in at least three limbs. Although most have spinal cord injuries, players may also qualify through multiple amputations, neurological disorders or other medical conditions. Players are assigned a functional level in points, and each team is limited to fielding a team with a total of eight points.
Wheelchair rugby is played indoors on a hardwood court, and physical contact between wheelchairs is an integral part of the game. The rules include elements from wheelchair basketball, ice hockey, handball and rugby union.
The sport is governed by the International Wheelchair Rugby Federation (IWRF) which was established in 1993.
|Stick and ball sports|