Wheelchair curling is an adaptation of curling for athletes with a disability affecting their lower limbs or gait. Wheelchair curling is governed by the World Curling Federation, and is one of the sports in the Winter Paralympic Games.
Wheelchair curling is played with the same rocks and on the same ice as regular curling, though the rocks are thrown from a stationary wheelchair and there is no sweeping. Rocks may be thrown by hand while leaning over the side of the wheelchair, or pushed by a delivery stick. This is a pole with a bracket that fits over the rock handle, allowing the rock to be pushed while applying correct rotation.
Stones delivered between the house and the near hogline must be placed within 18 inches either side of the centre line and must be released prior to reaching the near hogline.
National and international competitions are played under rules devised by the World Curling Federation. These rules mandate that teams be of mixed gender, and that games be eight ends in duration. Time limits of 68 minutes for each team with one 60 second time out will be enforced by time clocks. Eligibility is limited to people with disabilities such that a wheelchair is used for daily mobility – more specifically, those who are non-ambulant or can walk only very short distances.
At their April 2010 semi-annual meeting, the World Curling Federation lifted their ban on the use of power chairs at WCF sanctioned events.
Wheelchair curling can be played by people with a wide range of disabilities. All that is needed is the co-ordination to exert a measured pushing force, and a tolerance for cold. It is not an aerobic activity. Without the need for sweepers, wheelchair curling is well suited to two-person formats such as stick-curling.
Wheelchair curling began in Europe in the late 1990s and in North America in 2002. The first World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held in Sursee, Switzerland in 2002, and was won by the host nation who beat Canada 7 - 6 in the final. It started as a Paralympic sport at the 2006 Winter Paralympics in Turin, Italy. Canada, skipped by Chris Daw, won the gold medal, beating Great Britain, skipped by Frank Duffy, 7-4 in the final.
The 2009 World Championship was held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in the same venue used for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. Team Canada, skipped by 6-time Brier competitor Jim Armstrong, finished the round robin in 4th place but defeated USA 9-2 in the Page playoff, Germany 10-4 in the semi-final and Sweden 9-2 in the final to win their first ever Worlds gold medal.
Canada repeated as Paralympic Champions in Vancouver 2010 when the all-British Columbia team of Sonja Gaudet, Ina Forrest, Darryl Neighbour and skip Jim Armstrong, after taking an early 8-1 lead, defeated South Korea 8-7 for the gold medal. Sweden, who had their 3rd Glenn Ikonen disqualified for failing a drug test, beat USA 7-5 to win bronze.
R13. WHEELCHAIR CURLING ... (h) For WCF wheelchair competitions, each on-ice team must have four players delivering stones and must be comprised of both genders at all times during games. A team violating this rule will forfeit the game.(The quote is from pages 20 and 21 of the pdf file The_Rules_of_Curling_(October_2017).pdf which can be downloaded from the afore-mentioned website.)
The 2002 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from January 21 to 26 in Sursee, Switzerland.2004 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2004 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from January 19 to 24 in Sursee, Switzerland.2007 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2007 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from February 17 to 24 at the Sollefteå Curling Club in Sollefteå, Sweden.2009 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2009 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from February 21–28 at the Vancouver Paralympic Centre in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In the final
Teams participating in the 2009 World Wheelchair Curling Championship earned qualification points from this event for the Winter Paralympic Games in Vancouver in 2010.2011 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2011 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held in Prague, Czech Republic from February 22 - March 1, 2011. Ten mixed gender teams competed for four playoff spots. In the final, Canada's Jim Armstrong defeated Scotland's Aileen Neilson in the final in 7 ends.
Teams will gain qualification points from this event for the upcoming Winter Paralympic Games in Sochi in 2014.2012 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2012 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from February 18 to 25 at the Uiam Ice Rink in Chuncheon City, South Korea.2013 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2013 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from February 16 to 23 at the Sochi Olympic Curling Centre in Sochi, Russia. Canada won their third title after defeating Sweden in the final with a score of 4–3, becoming the first nation to win three world wheelchair curling titles.2013 World Wheelchair Curling Championship – Qualification Event
The qualification event of the 2013 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from November 3 to 8, 2012 at the Kisakallio Sports Institute in Lohja, Finland, which hosted the qualification tournaments for the past two World Wheelchair Curling Championships. The qualification event was open to any World Curling Federation affiliated national team not already qualified. The event's two top finishers, Norway and Finland, will join the top 8 finishers from the last World Wheelchair Curling Championship at this season's event in Sochi, Russia.Of the 11 teams that competed, Italy and Norway last competed at the Worlds in 2012, Germany and the Czech Republic in 2011, Switzerland in 2009, Japan in 2008, Denmark in 2007, and Poland in 2005. Finland, Latvia and Turkey never appeared at a World Wheelchair Curling Championship prior to this season, and Turkey made its debut on the world wheelchair curling stage at the qualification event.
After the round robin, Finland, Norway, Italy, and Latvia advanced to the playoffs, where Finland played Norway for a spot in the World Championships and Italy played Latvia for a spot in the second qualifier. Norway, skipped by Rune Lorentsen, defeated Finland, skipped by Vesa Hellman, with a score of 8–3 to grab the first of two open spots in the World Championships. Finland was relegated to the second qualifier, while Italy, skipped by Paolo Ioriatti, defeated Latvia, skipped by Ojārs Briedis, with a score of 7–4 to advance to the second qualifier. In the Second Place Game, Finland defeated Italy with a score of 9–7 to claim the second spot in the World Championships.2015 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2015 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from February 6 to 13 at the Kisakallio Sports Institute in Lohja, Finland.2016 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2016 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from February 21 to 28 at the Eiszentrum Luzern in Lucerne, Switzerland.2016 World Wheelchair Curling Championship – Qualification Event
The qualification event of the 2016 World Wheelchair Curling Championship, known as the 2015 World Wheelchair Curling B-Championship, was held from November 7 to 12, 2015 at the Kisakallio Sports Institute in Lohja, Finland. The qualification event was open to any World Curling Federation member nation not already qualified for the World Championship. The event's two top finishers will join the top seven finishers from the last World Wheelchair Curling Championship at this season's event in Lucerne, Switzerland.
This event marked the first appearance of the nations of Estonia, Israel, and Lithuania at an international wheelchair curling event.2017 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2017 World Wheelchair Curling Championship was held from March 4 to 11 at the Gangneung Curling Centre in Gangneung, South Korea. Norway won a third title after winning over Russia, who defeated Norway during the 2016 championship final.2018 World Wheelchair-B Curling Championship
The 2018 World Wheelchair-B Curling Championship, was held from November 9 to 15, 2018 at the Kisakallio Sports Institute in Lohja, Finland. The qualification event is open to any World Curling Federation member nation not already qualified for the 2019 World Wheelchair Curling Championship. The event's three medalists, Estonia, Slovakia, and Latvia, join the host and the top eight finishers from the last World Wheelchair Curling Championship at this season's event in Stirling, Scotland.2019 World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The 2019 World Wheelchair Curling Championships were held at The Peak in Stirling, Scotland from 3-10 March 2019.Canadian Wheelchair Curling Championship
The Canadian Wheelchair Curling Championship is the national championship for Wheelchair curling in Canada. The event has been held since 2004.Wheelchair curling at the 2014 Winter Paralympics
The wheelchair curling competition of the 2014 Winter Paralympics was held from 8 to 15 March 2014 at the Ice Cube Curling Center in Sochi, Russia. Ten mixed teams competed.Wheelchair curling at the Winter Paralympics
Wheelchair curling tournaments have been staged at the Paralympic Games since the Winter Paralympic Games in 2006 in Turin.
The tournaments are staged for mixed gender teams.
Canada has been the most successful team in the tournaments, winning three of four gold medals.Wheelchair curling classification
Wheelchair curling classification is the disability classification system for wheelchair curling, which is governed by the World Curling Federation. Only curlers with lower limb mobility problems are allowed to compete.World Wheelchair Curling Championship
The World Wheelchair Curling Championship is an annual world championship held to determine the world's best team in wheelchair curling. It is held every non-Paralympic year.
|Stick and ball sports|