Westborough, Massachusetts

For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Westborough, please see the article Westborough (CDP), Massachusetts.
Westborough, Massachusetts
Nathan Fisher House, Westborough
Nathan Fisher House, Westborough
Official seal of Westborough, Massachusetts

Seal
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°16′10″N 71°37′00″W / 42.26944°N 71.61667°WCoordinates: 42°16′10″N 71°37′00″W / 42.26944°N 71.61667°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyWorcester
Settled1675
Incorporated1717
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Board of
   Selectmen
George Barrette
Bruce Tretter
Denzil Drewry
Leigh Emery
Ian Johnson
Area
 • Total21.6 sq mi (56.0 km2)
 • Land20.5 sq mi (53.1 km2)
 • Water1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)
Elevation
300 ft (91 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total18,272
 • Density877/sq mi (338.6/km2)
Demonym(s)Westboronian
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
01581
Area code(s)508/774
FIPS code25-75015
GNIS feature ID0618390
Websitetown.westborough.ma.us

Westborough is a town[1] in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 18,272 at the 2010 Census, in nearly 6,900 households. Incorporated in 1717, the town is governed under the New England open town meeting system, headed by a five-member elected Board of Selectmen whose duties include licensing, appointing various administrative positions, and calling a town meeting of citizens annually or whenever the need arises.

History

Before recorded time, the area now known as Westborough was a well-travelled crossroads. As early as 7,000 BC, prehistoric people in dugout canoes followed the Sudbury and Assabet Rivers to their headwaters in search of quartzite for tools and weapons.

From 1200 to 1600 AD, seasonal migrations brought Nipmuc Indians to hunt and fish near Cedar Swamp and Lake Hoccomocco. Using Fay Mountain as a landmark, Indians crisscrossed Westborough on well-worn paths: the old Connecticut Path leading west from Massachusetts Bay; the Narragansett Trail leading south, and the trail (along the present Milk Street) leading to Canada.[2]

The early English explorer John Oldham followed these trails through Westborough in 1633, and settlers in search of fertile farmlands followed not long after. By late 1675, a few families had settled near Lake Chauncy, in the "west borough" of Marlborough.

On November 18, 1717, Westborough was incorporated as the hundredth town in Massachusetts, populated by twenty-seven families, including Thomas Rice who had represented Marlborough in the Great and General Court. Soon large farms were carved out, mills built along the Assabet River and Jackstraw Brook, and taverns flourished. Westborough's first minister, Reverend Ebenezer Parkman, shepherded the growing town of colonists through the years toward independence from Great Britain. Forty-six minutemen from Westborough fought under Captain Edmund Brigham in the Revolutionary War.

In 1775, Northborough split off as the "north borough" of Westborough, much as Westborough split off from Marlborough some 58 years before. However, the two towns shared a meetinghouse for some time more.

In 1810 the route from Boston to Worcester was straightened and improved into an official turnpike (the present Route 9), and along its Westborough route, the Wesson Tavern Common, Forbush Tavern and Nathan Fisher's store prospered. The center of commerce shifted downtown in 1824 with the arrival of the steam train through Westborough's center. The railroad brought a new era to the town industry: over the next century, local factories shipped boots and shoes, straw hats, sleighs, textiles, bicycles, and eventually abrasive products, across the nation. Westborough dairies supplied cities with milk and local greenhouses shipped out carnations, while the eight orchards found ready markets for their produce.

In 1848 the State Reform School for Boys, the first publicly funded reform school in the United States, was opened on Lake Chauncy. It operated as a State reform school until 1884 at which time the newly established Westborough State Hospital took over the property. In the same year, the reform school was relocated nearby on Chauncy Street and renamed The Lyman School for Boys.

View of Main Street, Westborough, MA
Main Street in c. 1905

The industrial progress of the entire country is indebted to Westborough's most famous native son Eli Whitney Jr. Born in 1765, Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1795 after graduating from Yale. In 1798 he introduced mass production to the United States at his Whitney Arms Company in New Haven, Connecticut.

Registered Historic Places

Westborough is home to several listings on the National Register of Historic Places:

Geography

Mill Pond Sunset
Mill Pond at sunset

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.6 square miles (56.0 km2), of which 20.5 square miles (53.1 km2) of it is land, and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) of it is water or 5.09 percent. Westborough contains the headwaters of the Sudbury and Assabet rivers. The town contains numerous bodies of water, including Lake Chauncy, George H. Nichols Reservoir (Mill Pond), Westboro Reservoir (Sandra Pond), Hocomonco Pond, and Cedar Swamp Pond. Lake Chauncy is open to swimming, boating, and fishing, and has a public beach open to residents of Westborough and Northborough during the summer months. The average elevation of the town is approximately 300 feet (91 m).

Adjacent towns

Westborough is located in east/central Massachusetts, located about 28 miles (45.47 km) west of Boston and 12 miles (19 km) east of Worcester. It is bordered by six towns.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18502,371—    
18602,913+22.9%
18703,601+23.6%
18805,214+44.8%
18905,195−0.4%
19005,400+3.9%
19105,446+0.9%
19205,789+6.3%
19306,409+10.7%
19406,463+0.8%
19507,378+14.2%
19609,599+30.1%
197012,594+31.2%
198013,619+8.1%
199014,133+3.8%
200017,997+27.3%
201018,272+1.5%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Data from the U.S. Census[13] of 2010 shows there were 18,272 people, 6,924 households, and 4,763 families residing in the town (official). The population density was 891.3 people per square mile (unofficial). The latest 2013–2017 American Community Survey (ACS) estimated the town's total population at 18,836, residing in 7,095 households. According to the latest ACS estimate, the racial makeup of the town was 70.1% White, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 23.6% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, 2.3% from two or more races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population. Westborough has a significant Indian-American Community making up 15.4% of the population, as well as boasting a strong immigrant community with nearly 5,000 residents of non-U.S. origins (25.9%).[14]

According to ACS estimates, there are 4,912 family households out of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them. Of all households 31.8% were made up of individuals 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.26.

In addition, the town the population was spread out with 12.5% under the age of 10, 15.6% from 10 to 19, 17.9% from 20 to 34, 29% from 35 to 54, 12.7% from 55 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town (based on U.S. Census ACS five-year estimate) was $107,604, and the median income for a family was $132,543. The per capita income for the town was $47,993. Of the population 4.7% was below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. The labor force numbered 10,218 with an unemployment rate in the town of 3.6%. Of the population over age 25, 96.4% graduated high school (or equivalent) and 65.7% hold a bachelor's degree or higher.

Education

Westborough Public Schools consist of three elementary schools, two middle schools and one high school:

  • Hastings Elementary School
  • Armstrong Elementary School
  • Annie E. Fales Elementary School
  • Mill Pond School
  • Sarah W. Gibbons Middle School
  • Westborough High School (school mascot – Rangers)

The Mill Pond School is the newest school addition to Westborough. The Mill Pond School consists of grade 4 to 6, then Gibbons Middle School which consists of grades 7 and 8, and then Westborough High School. There are three options depending upon residents' geographic location in the town for preschool through third grade.

Transportation

The Town of Westborough is located on the west side of the Massachusetts Turnpike (Interstate 90) and Interstate 495 intersection. Route 30 (Main Street) and Route 135 (South Street/Milk Street) intersect in a rotary at the town's center, while Route 9 runs nearby serving much of the town's commerce.

In terms of public transportation, Westborough is currently served by an MBTA commuter rail station on the Framingham/Worcester Line as well as public bus service through the Worcester Regional Transit Authority.Limited commercial airline service is available at the Worcester Regional Airport.The nearest international airport is at Boston.

Government and infrastructure

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joe Early Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Katie Toomey (D)
Register of Probate: Stephanie Fattman (R)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Carolyn Dykema (D)
Danielle Gregoire (D)
Hannah Kane (R)
State Senator(s): Jamie Eldridge (D)
Governor's Councilor(s): Marilyn M. Petitto Devaney (D)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James P. McGovern (D-2nd District)
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

The Robert F. Kennedy Children's Action Corps, Inc. operates two juvenile correctional facilities in Westborough on behalf of the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services:

  • Robert F. Kennedy School, a juvenile correctional center for boys, is in Westborough.[15] – The school is the most secure juvenile facility in the state.[16]
  • The Fay A. Rotenberg School, a juvenile correctional facility for girls, is in Westborough.[17] It first opened in North Chelmsford in 1982,[18] but moved to its current location in 2006.[17]

Media

Newspapers:

Broadcast:

  • Channel 2: WGBH – (PBS) – Boston
  • Channel 4: WBZ – (CBS) – Boston, WBZ-TV
  • Channel 5: WCVB – (ABC) – Boston
  • Channel 7: WHDH – (Independent) – Boston, 7 News
  • Channel 25: WFXT – (FOX) – Boston, FOX 25
  • Channel 27: WUNI – (Univision) – Worcester

Cablecast (Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV channels):

Library

The Westborough Public Library began in 1857.[19][20] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Westborough spent 1.24% ($846,826) of its budget on its public library—some $45 per person.[21]

Sites of interest

Accolades

Annual events

  • Annual Boy Scout Troop 100 Pancake Breakfast – February/March
  • High School Musical – March
  • Taste of the Boroughs – March
  • Middle School Musical – April
  • Spring Clean Up Day – April
  • Spring Carnival – April
  • Little League Parade – April
  • Memorial Day Parade
  • Purple Day-June
  • Dress and act like a Pirate Day, May 12
  • High School Graduation Ceremony – June
  • July 4 Block Party
  • Homecoming – September/October
  • High School Play – November
  • Middle School Play – November
  • Thanksgiving Day Football game
  • Christmas Singalong
  • Westborough High School Winter Concert-December
  • Eli Whitney Cup Playoffs (Westborough Men's Softball League)-August

Places of worship

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Town profile Archived October 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, town.westborough.ma.us; accessed October 3, 2015.
  2. ^ The section about Westborough history is based on notes titled The Hundredth Town Archived March 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, written by Kristina N. Allen, which in turn are based on her 1984 book On the Beaten Path.
  3. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  4. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  5. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  6. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  15. ^ Kocian, Lisa. "Jail break." Boston Globe. May 15, 2008. 1 Archived December 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on August 23, 2010.
  16. ^ Kocian, Lisa. "Jail break." Boston Globe. May 15, 2008. 2 Archived December 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on August 23, 2010.
  17. ^ a b "Celebrating 30 Years of Service to Young Women" (Archive). Robert F. Kennedy Children's Action Corps. January 12, 2012. Retrieved on December 24, 2015.
  18. ^ "Fay A. Rotenberg School North Chelmsford, Massachusetts" (Archive). Robert F. Kennedy Children's Action Corps. December 30, 2006. Retrieved on December 24, 2015.
  19. ^ C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 17, 2009. Retrieved March 31, 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Retrieved 2010-11-10
  21. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What's Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports Archived January 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2010-08-04
  22. ^ "UM great, Ithaca coach Jim Butterfield is dead". bangordailynews.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2018.

External links

BJ's Wholesale Club

BJ's Wholesale Club Holdings, Inc., commonly referred as BJ's, is an American membership-only warehouse club chain operating on the East Coast of the United States and the state of Ohio.

Cedar Swamp Archeological District

Cedar Swamp Archeological District is a prehistoric and historic archaeologically sensitive area in eastern Westborough, Massachusetts, and extending into the northwest corner of Hopkinton. Cedar Swamp is an area of more than 2,600 acres (1,100 ha) of wetlands that include the headwaters area of the Sudbury River. Archeological surveys of the environmentally sensitive and critical area have identified many Native American sites of interest. It is believed that Native Americans prized wood from the cedar trees that grew in the area. The archeological district, which encompasses much of the Cedar Swamp area, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1988.

Eli Whitney

Eli Whitney (December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825) was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the Antebellum South. Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the United States. Despite the social and economic impact of his invention, Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton gin. Thereafter, he turned his attention into securing contracts with the government in the manufacture of muskets for the newly formed United States Army. He continued making arms and inventing until his death in 1825.

Esther Forbes

Esther Louise Forbes (; June 28, 1891 – August 12, 1967) was an American novelist, historian and children's writer who received the Pulitzer Prize and the Newbery Medal. She was the first woman elected to membership in the American Antiquarian Society.

Hocomonco Pond

Hocomonco Pond is a recreational pond located in Westborough, Massachusetts near Route 9. Also called Hobomoc Pond, it was named for Hobomok, a Wamesit Indian evil spirit. The pond and adjacent land are a Superfund site.

Jim Butterfield (American football)

Phillip James Butterfield Jr. (November 30, 1927 – November 26, 2002) was an American football player and coach. He served as the head football coach at Ithaca College from 1967 to 1994. During his 28 seasons at Ithaca, Butterfield was one of the most successful coaches in the country winning 206 games and three NCAA Division III Football Championships (known as the Stagg Bowl). His teams finished as the runner-up in the Stagg Bowl four times. His total playoff record was 21–8.

After his retirement, Ithaca renamed their football stadium in his honor. Butterfield was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1997. He died of complications from Alzheimer's disease in 2002 in Ithaca, New York.

Jim Campbell (ice hockey)

James Tower Campbell (born April 3, 1973) is a retired American professional ice hockey player. He played 285 games in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Tampa Bay Lightning, Florida Panthers, Chicago Blackhawks, Montreal Canadiens, St. Louis Blues and Mighty Ducks of Anaheim before finishing his career in Europe. Campbell was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, but grew up in Westborough, Massachusetts.

John Ruggles

John Ruggles (October 8, 1789 – June 20, 1874) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. He served in several important state legislative and judicial positions before serving in the U.S. Senate.

Louis E. Denfeld

Louis Emil Denfeld (April 13, 1891 – March 28, 1972) was an admiral in the United States Navy who served as Chief of Naval Operations from December 15, 1947 to November 1, 1949. He also held several significant surface commands during World War II, and after the war he served as the dual-hatted commander of United States Pacific Command and Pacific Fleet.

Mary A. Brigham

Mary Ann Brigham (6 December 1829 – 29 June 1889) was an American educator who was the 8th President (President Elect) of Mount Holyoke College in 1889. After a teaching for a few years, "she was elected President of Mount Holyoke Seminary and College in 1889, but died in a railway accident before she could take up her appointment."

Mike Power (American football)

Mike Power is an American football quarterback who played for the Boston College Eagles and various professional teams.

Ralph Dawson

Ralph Dawson (April 18, 1897 in Westborough, Massachusetts – November 15, 1962) was an American film editor who also did some acting, directing, and screenwriting. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Film Editing four times, and won the Award three times.

Sudbury Reservoir

The Sudbury Reservoir (2.02 square miles) is an emergency backup Boston metropolitan water reservoir located in Framingham, Marlborough, Southborough, and Westborough, Massachusetts. Nearly 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) in the Sudbury Reservoir watershed are administered by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation as a limited-access public recreation area.The reservoir was first begun in 1878, as part of a system of reservoirs fed from the Sudbury River to supplement the Lake Cochituate system in Natick. Today's reservoir was created by excavation from 1894-1898, with construction undertaken in sections. It was begun by the City of Boston but completed by the newly formed Metropolitan Water Board (predecessor to the modern Massachusetts Water Resources Authority). All told, construction required moving about 4.5 million cubic yards of soil and boulders. Water began to fill the reservoir on February 8, 1897, with construction of the reservoir's new Sudbury Dam on the Stony Brook Branch of the Sudbury River completed later that year.When completed, the reservoir's surface area was 2.02 square miles (5.2 km2), its average depth was 17 feet (5.2 m) and maximum depth was 65 feet (20 m), and its capacity was 7.253 billion US gallons (27,460,000 m3). The reservoir was fed from the Wachusett Reservoir on the west by the Wachusett Aqueduct (1898), and by local streams. To improve the water quality of the local streams, filter beds were constructed adjacent to the reservoir. The reservoir's water was delivered to the Weston Reservoir to the east by the Weston Aqueduct (1901), or via a channel to the Framingham reservoirs and the Sudbury Aqueduct to the Chestnut Hill Reservoir.

In 1947 the obsolete Whitehall, Hopkinton, Ashland and Cochituate reservoirs became state parks, and in 1976 the entire Sudbury System was officially reclassified as an emergency water supply. Today only the Sudbury Reservoir and the Foss Reservoir (Framingham Reservoir No. 3) remain as reserve drinking water supplies with the Weston and Sudbury aqueuducts serving as reserve transmission. In an emergency the Sudbury and Foss reservoirs can be placed into service either as a primary source, as an alternate pass-through for Quabbin/Wachusett reservoir water in the event of a transmission problem blocking the normal transmission pathways, or as a supplemental source in a major drought. In all cases the water would be untreated and would likely require boiling for consumption.

Thomas Rice (1654)

Thomas Rice (June 30, 1654 – 1747) was a member of the Great and General Court of Massachusetts representing Marlborough in 1715 and 1716 and was a founder of Westborough, Massachusetts on 18 November 1717, and a selectman for the town in 1718 and 1727.

Vintonville Historic District

The Vintonville Historic District is a residential historic district to the east of the center of Westborough, Massachusetts. The 20-acre (8.1 ha) district includes 80 properties on Cottage, Elm, Spruce, Green, Pine, Brigham, Cedar, South, and Beach Streets. The area, which consists of modestly sized houses built on smaller lots mainly between 1860 and 1890, is named for Otis Vinton, who platted out some of the early streets in the area.The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.

WAAF (FM)

WAAF (107.3 MHz) is a commercial FM radio station licensed to Westborough, Massachusetts. It is owned by Entercom and it airs a mainstream rock radio format for Greater Boston and Central Massachusetts. The station's studios are located in Boston's Allston district, while its transmitter is on Stiles Hill in Boylston, with a backup in Paxton.

West Main Street Historic District (Westborough, Massachusetts)

The West Main Street Historic District of Westborough, Massachusetts is an expansive historic district that encompasses a large residential portion of the historic center of the town, as well as part of its commercial center.When first listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987, the district included West Main Street from its junction with Milk and South Streets (Massachusetts Route 135), west to Blake Street, along with streets running northwest to Whitney Street. It was extended in 1990 to include properties further west on West Main Street (nearly to Chestnut Street), and again in 2006 to include properties south of West Main Street between South Street on the east and Charles and Ruggles Streets in the west, and abutting the Cedar Swamp Archeological District to the southeast. In 2009 it was extended a third time, to include a cluster of streets north of Milk Street and west of East Main Street.

Westboro Airport

Westboro Airport was an airfield operational in the mid-20th century in Westborough, Massachusetts.

Westborough High School (Massachusetts)

Westborough High School is a public high school in Westborough, Massachusetts that serves as the high school for the Westborough Public School District. The school's mascot is the Ranger and the school colors are cardinal and navy blue. In the 2016-17 school year, WHS had an enrollment of 1131 students. The school is located in the downtown Westborough area at 90 West Main Street.

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