West Point, New York

West Point is the oldest continuously occupied military post in the United States. Located on the Hudson River in New York, West Point was identified by General George Washington as the most important strategic position in America during the American Revolution. Until January 1778, West Point was not occupied by the military. On January 27, 1778, Brigadier General Samuel Holden Parsons and his brigade crossed the ice on the Hudson River and climbed to the plain on West Point and from that day to the present, West Point has been occupied by the United States Army. It comprises approximately 16,000 acres (6,500 ha) including the campus of the United States Military Academy, which is commonly called "West Point".

It is a Census Designated Place (CDP) located in the Town of Highlands in Orange County, New York,[2][3] located on the western bank of the Hudson River. The population was 6,763 at the 2010 census. It is part of the New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT–PA Combined Statistical Area.

West Point, New York
Aerial view of West Point, 2013. West Point is at center on the near (western) side of the Hudson river. Highland Falls is at right; Cold Spring is at left, across the river in Putnam County.
Aerial view of West Point, 2013. West Point is at center on the near (western) side of the Hudson river. Highland Falls is at right; Cold Spring is at left, across the river in Putnam County.
Location in Orange County and the county of New York.
Location in Orange County and the county of New York.
West Point, New York is located in New York
West Point, New York
West Point, New York
Location in the state of New York
Coordinates: 41°23′N 73°58′W / 41.383°N 73.967°WCoordinates: 41°23′N 73°58′W / 41.383°N 73.967°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyOrange
Area
 • Total25.1 sq mi (64.9 km2)
 • Land24.3 sq mi (63.0 km2)
 • Water0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,763
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
10996–10997
Area code(s)845
FIPS code36-80747[1]

History

West Point (then Fort Clinton), was a fortified site during the Revolutionary War. Originally picked because of the abnormal S-curve in the Hudson River at this point, the defenses of West Point were designed by Polish military engineer Tadeusz Kościuszko, who served as a brigadier general in the Continental Army.

West Point, from Fort Putnam. (3990857882) crop
View of the West Point area from Fort Putnam, c. 1865.

It was manned by a small garrison of Continental Army Soldiers from early in 1776 through the end of the war. A great iron chain was laid across the Hudson at this point in 1778 in order to prevent British Navy vessels from sailing further up the Hudson River, but it was never tested by the British.

The site comprised multiple redoubts, as well as Fort Putnam, situated on a high hill overlooking the river. Named after its builder, Revolutionary War General and engineer Rufus Putnam, the fort is still preserved in its original design.[4][5]

In perhaps the most infamous act of treason in American history, General Benedict Arnold attempted to turn the site over to the British Army in 1780 for a bribe consisting of a commission as a Brigadier General in the British Army and a cash reward of £20,000 (about $1.3M in 2009 dollars). However, Arnold's plot failed when British Major John André was captured as a spy by the Americans. Arnold received a decreased cash reward of £6,000 (roughly $350,000) but was commissioned as a Brigadier General in the British Army.

After the conclusion of the American Revolution, West Point was used as a storage facility for cannon and other military property used by the Continental Army. For two months in 1784, the United States Army consisted of only about 80 Soldiers under the command of Brevet Major John Doughty at West Point.

The United States Military Academy was established at West Point in 1802 and is the nation's oldest service academy. West Point has the distinction of being the longest continuously occupied United States military installation.

In 1937, the West Point Bullion Depository was constructed; in 1988, it became the West Point Mint, as a branch of the United States Mint.[6]

Geography and climate

West Point is located at 41° 23′ N 73° 58' W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 25.1 square miles (65 km2); 24.3 sq mi (63 km2) land and 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2) water. West Point and the contiguous village of Highland Falls, New York, are on the west bank of the Hudson River.

West Point has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with four distinct seasons. Summers are hot and humid, while winters are cold with moderate snowfall. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 27.5 °F (−2.5 °C) in January to 74.1 °F (23.4 °C) in July; on average, temperatures reaching 90 °F (32 °C) or 0 °F (−18 °C) occur on 17 and 1.4 days of the year, respectively. The average annual precipitation is approximately 50.5 inches (1,280 mm), which is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year; snow averages 35 inches (89 cm) per season, although this total may vary considerably from year to year. Extremes in temperature range from 106 °F (41 °C) on July 22, 1926 down to −17 °F (−27 °C) on February 9, 1934.

West point painting
Looking north on the Hudson River from West Point (Seth Eastman, 1875)

Demographics

West Point On Hudson
View of West Point from the eastern shore of the Hudson River

As of the census[1] of 2010 there were 6,763 people, and 685 households residing in the CDP. The population density was 293.4 per square mile (113.3/km2). There were 1,044 housing units at an average density of 42.9/sq mi (16.6/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.31% White, 9.09% African American, 0.50% Native American, 3.35% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.64% from other races, and 2.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.56% of the population.

There were 685 households out of which 75.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 87.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 5.7% were non-families. 5.4% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.69.

The age distribution is 16.7% under the age of 18, 51.2% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 3.8% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females, there were 207.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 259.7 males. All of these statistics are typical for military bases.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $56,516, and the median income for a family was $56,364. About 2.0% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

See also

  • Hudson river from bear mountain bridge.jpg Hudson Valley portal

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ Highlands town, New York." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 25, 2011.
  3. ^ "West Point CDP, New York." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 25, 2011.
  4. ^ Hubbard, Robert Ernest. Major General Israel Putnam, pp. 157–8, McFarland & Company, Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, 2017. ISBN 978-1-4766-6453-8.
  5. ^ Livingston, William Farrand. Israel Putnam: Pioneer, Ranger, and Major-General, 1718–1790, pp. 373–5, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York and London, 1901.
  6. ^ "The United States Mint at West Point". usmint.gov.
  7. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
  8. ^ "Artists in Canada". Canadian Heritage. Government of Canada. Retrieved 18 December 2018.

External links

1946 Army vs. Notre Dame football game

The 1946 Army vs. Notre Dame football game was a regular season college football game played on November 9, 1946. Army (the football program of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York), then ranked Number 1 in the Associated Press college football poll, played the University of Notre Dame, of South Bend, Indiana, ranked Number 2, at Yankee Stadium in New York City. This game is regarded as one of the 20th century Games of the Century.

1972 NCAA University Division Swimming and Diving Championships

The 1972 NCAA University Division Swimming and Diving Championships were contested in March 1972 at Crandall Pool at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York at the 49th annual NCAA-sanctioned swim meet to determine the team and individual national champions of University Division men's collegiate swimming and diving in the United States.

Indiana again topped the team standings, the Hoosiers' fifth consecutive and fifth overall title.

Army Black Knights

The Army Black Knights are the athletic teams that represent the United States Military Academy, located in West Point, New York. In sports contexts, the teams are commonly referred to as Army West Point. The Black Knights compete at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I level as a non-football member of the Patriot League, a Division I Football Bowl Subdivision independent school and a member of Atlantic Hockey, the Collegiate Sprint Football League (men), the Eastern Intercollegiate Gymnastics League (men), the Eastern Intercollegiate Wrestling Association, the Great America Rifle Conference, the National Collegiate Boxing Association, the National Collegiate Paintball Association and the National Intercollegiate Women's Fencing Association. Army is also one of approximately 300 members of the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC).

Three of the service academies (Army, Air Force, and Navy) compete for the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy, which is awarded to the academy that defeats the others in football that year (or retained by the previous winner in the event of a three-way tie).

Army Black Knights baseball

For information on all United States Military Academy sports, see Army Black KnightsThe Army Black Knights baseball team is a varsity intercollegiate athletic team of the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, United States. The team is a member of the Patriot League, which is part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I. Army's first baseball team was fielded in 1890. The team plays its home games at Johnson Stadium at Doubleday Field in West Point, New York. The Black Knights are coached by Jim Foster.

Army Black Knights football

The Army Black Knights football team, previously known as the Army Cadets, represents the United States Military Academy in college football. Army is currently a Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) member of the NCAA. The Black Knights currently play home games in Michie Stadium with a capacity of 38,000 at West Point, New York. The Black Knights are coached by Jeff Monken who is in his sixth season as head coach. Army is a Five-time national champion, winning the title in 1914, 1916, and from 1944–1946.

With the exception of seven seasons (1998–2004) where the team was a member of Conference USA, Army has competed as an independent, meaning that they have no affiliation with any conference. Currently, Army is one of six FBS schools whose football teams do not belong to any conference; the others being BYU, Liberty, New Mexico State, Notre Dame, and UMass. However, all of these schools belong to conferences for all other sports. Army is primarily a member of the Patriot League, BYU is primarily a member of the West Coast Conference, Liberty is in the Atlantic Sun Conference, New Mexico State is in the Western Athletic Conference, Notre Dame is part of the Atlantic Coast Conference, and UMass belongs to the Atlantic 10 Conference.

Three players from Army have won the Heisman Trophy: Doc Blanchard (1945), Glenn Davis (1946), and Pete Dawkins (1958).The three major service academies—Air Force, Army, and Navy—compete for the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy, which is awarded to the academy that defeats the others in football that year (or retained by the previous winner in the event of a three-way tie). Army has won eight CIC Trophies, most recently in 2018.

Army Black Knights men's basketball

The Army Black Knights men's basketball team represents the United States Military Academy in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I college basketball. Army West Point currently competes as a member of the Patriot League and plays its home games at Christl Arena in West Point, New York.

Bob Knight, the one-time most successful men's basketball coach in NCAA history, began his head coaching career at Army from 1965 to 1971 before moving on to Indiana. One of Knight's players at Army West Point was Mike Krzyzewski, who later was head coach at Army West Point before moving on to Duke and is the current most successful men's basketball coach in NCAA history.

Army West Point has generally not done well on the court, partly due to West Point's. The Black Knights are one of only four original Division I teams in history to have never participated in the NCAA Tournament. Army West Point shares this dubious distinction with William & Mary, The Citadel, and St. Francis (NY). However, the Black Knights have played in the National Invitational Tournament 8 times, and were retroactively named national champions by Premo-Porretta for 1923 and by the Helms Athletic Foundation for 1944. The Black Knights played in the 2016 edition of the CollegeInsider.com Postseason Tournament (CIT), their first appearance in a postseason tournament in 38 years, losing to NJIT in the first round.

Benedict Arnold

Benedict Arnold (January 14, 1741 [O.S. January 3, 1740] – June 14, 1801) was an American military officer who served as a general during the American Revolutionary War, fighting for the American Continental Army before defecting to the British in 1780. George Washington had given him his fullest trust and placed him in command of the fortifications at West Point, New York. Arnold planned to surrender the fort to British forces, but the plot was discovered in September 1780 and he fled to the British. His name quickly became a byword in the United States for treason and betrayal because he led the British army in battle against the very men whom he had once commanded.Arnold was born in the Connecticut Colony and was a merchant operating ships on the Atlantic Ocean when the war began in 1775. He joined the growing army outside Boston and distinguished himself through acts of intelligence and bravery. His actions included the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775, defensive and delaying tactics at the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain in 1776 which allowed American forces time to prepare New York's defenses, the Battle of Ridgefield, Connecticut (after which he was promoted to major general), operations in relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix, and key actions during the pivotal Battles of Saratoga in 1777, in which he suffered leg injuries that halted his combat career for several years.

Arnold repeatedly claimed that he was passed over for promotion by the Continental Congress, while other officers obtained credit for some of his accomplishments. Others in his military and political circles brought charges against him of corruption or other malfeasance, but most often he was acquitted in formal inquiries. Congress investigated his accounts, however, and concluded that he was indebted to Congress, and he borrowed heavily to maintain a lavish lifestyle.

Arnold mingled with Loyalist sympathizers in Philadelphia and married into one such family by marrying Peggy Shippen. She was a close friend of British Major John André and kept in contact with him when he became head of the British espionage system in New York. Many historians point to her as facilitating Arnold's plans to switch sides; he opened secret negotiations with André, and Peggy relayed the messages. The British promised £20,000 for the capture of West Point, a major American stronghold; Washington greatly admired Arnold and gave him command of that fort in July 1780. His scheme was to surrender the fort to the British, but it was exposed in September 1780 when Patriot militia captured André carrying papers which revealed the plot. Arnold escaped and André was hanged.

Arnold received a commission as a brigadier general in the British Army, an annual pension of £360, and a lump sum of over £6,000. He led British forces in the Raid of Richmond and nearby areas, and they burned much of New London, Connecticut, to the ground and slaughtered surrendering forces after the Battle of Groton Heights—just a few miles downriver from the town where he had grown up. In the winter of 1782, he and Peggy moved to London, England. He was well received by King George III and the Tories but frowned upon by the Whigs and most Army officers. In 1787, he moved to Canada to a merchant business with his sons Richard and Henry. He was extremely unpopular there and returned to London permanently in 1791.

Christl Arena

Christl Arena is a 5,043-seat, multi-purpose arena in West Point, New York. It was built in 1985 as part of the Major Donald W. Holleder Center, which also houses Tate Rink. It is home to the United States Military Academy's Army Black Knights men's and women's basketball teams. It was named after 1st Lieutenant Edward C. Christl Jr. '44, a former basketball captain who was killed in combat in Austria during World War II. (Maj. Holleder, '56, the namesake of the athletic center, was an All-American football and basketball player killed in combat in Vietnam in 1967.)

The arena hosted portions of the 1995 and 1999 Patriot League men's basketball tournaments, as well as portions of the 2006 and 2008 Patriot League women's basketball tournament, including the 2006 Patriot League championship game, as Army defeated Holy Cross, clinching the first Division I NCAA Tournament bid in program history.

David Eisenhower

Dwight David Eisenhower II (born March 31, 1948), is an American author, public policy fellow, professor at the University of Pennsylvania, and eponym of the U.S. Presidential retreat, Camp David. He is the only grandson of the 34th president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and the son-in-law of the 37th president of the United States, Richard Nixon.

David H. Huntoon

Lieutenant General David Holmes Huntoon, Jr., served a 40-year military career in the U.S. Army. In his last assignment he was the Superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.

Eileen Zillmer

Eileen Christina "Bibi" Zillmer (born December 15, 1952) is a former competitive figure skater who represented West Germany for most of her career. She is a three-time (1969–71) national champion and competed at the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France; Zillmer placed 12th in compulsory figures, 23rd in free skating, and 19th overall. She finished in the top ten at four ISU Championships – 1969 Worlds in Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA; 1969 Europeans in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, West Germany; 1970 Europeans in Leningrad, Soviet Union; and 1971 Europeans in Zürich, Switzerland.

Zillmer was born in West Point, New York, the daughter of Madeleine (née Mueller) and David Zillmer. She was coached by her mother. Her brother, Eric, competed in downhill skiing.

J. Alden Weir

Julian Alden Weir (August 30, 1852 – December 8, 1919) was an American impressionist painter and member of the Cos Cob Art Colony near Greenwich, Connecticut. Weir was also one of the founding members of "The Ten", a loosely allied group of American artists dissatisfied with professional art organizations, who banded together in 1898 to exhibit their works as a stylistically unified group.

Kent A. Jordan

Kent Amos Jordan (born October 24, 1957) is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. He was previously a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Delaware.

Michie Stadium

Michie Stadium is an outdoor football stadium on the campus of the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York. The home field for the Army Black Knights, it opened 95 years ago in 1924 and has a current seating capacity of 38,000.The stadium sits at the upper portion of campus, directly west of Lusk Reservoir. The field is at an elevation of 335 feet (102 m) above sea level and runs in the traditional north-south configuration, with the press box above the west sideline. Due to the view offered by its location overlooking the Hudson River and the Neo-Gothic architecture of the campus below, it was rated as Sports Illustrated's #3 sports venue of the 20th century.

Skip Seagraves

Skip Seagreaves (born April 27, 1982) is a former Canadian football offensive tackle for the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League. He was signed by the Alouettes as an undrafted free agent in 2006. He played college football at North Carolina.

Skip Seagraves currently resides in Richmond, VA but spends most of his time in Burlington, NC (Alamance County) where he is regarded as not only a local hero, but a successful hometown boy. Skip is in uniform sales and likes to golf in his free time with his best friend Matt Tedder. Skip is also available for appearances and guest speaking events.

The Plain (West Point)

The Plain is the parade field at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. The flat terrain of the Plain is in contrast to the varied and hilly terrain of the remainder of the campus. The Plain rises approximately 150 feet (45 m) above the Hudson River and has been the site of the longest continually occupied U.S. Army garrison in America since 1778. In its early years, the entire academy was located on the Plain and it was used for varying activities ranging from drill and mounted cavalry maneuvers to an encampment site for summer training to a sports venue. Currently, the Plain refers to just the parade field where cadets perform ceremonial parades.

Thomas Lincoln Casey Jr.

Thomas Lincoln Casey (February 19, 1857 – February 6, 1925) was an American entomologist noted for his work on coleoptera. He was the son of General Thomas Lincoln Casey (1831–1896).

Tony Hale

Anthony Hale (born September 30, 1970) is an American actor and comedian. He is known for his role in the Fox comedy series Arrested Development as the neurotic Buster Bluth. He also voiced Forky in the animated comedy Toy Story 4. Hale played Gary Walsh on the HBO comedy Veep from 2012 until its conclusion in 2019, for which he won the 2013 and 2015 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series. Hale also voices Archibald in the DreamWorks show, Archibald's Next Big Thing

United States service academies

The United States service academies, also known as the United States military academies, are federal academies for the undergraduate education and training of commissioned officers for the United States Armed Forces.

There are five U.S. service academies:

The United States Military Academy (USMA) in West Point, New York, founded in 1802

The United States Naval Academy (USNA) in Annapolis, Maryland, founded in 1845

The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) in Colorado Springs, Colorado, founded in 1954.

The United States Coast Guard Academy (USCGA) in New London, Connecticut, founded in 1876

The United States Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA) in Kings Point, New York, founded in 1943

Climate data for West Point, New York (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1890–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
72
(22)
86
(30)
96
(36)
97
(36)
102
(39)
106
(41)
105
(41)
105
(41)
92
(33)
82
(28)
72
(22)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 34.8
(1.6)
38.6
(3.7)
47.7
(8.7)
60.6
(15.9)
71.3
(21.8)
79.8
(26.6)
84.5
(29.2)
82.5
(28.1)
74.8
(23.8)
62.5
(16.9)
51.3
(10.7)
39.6
(4.2)
60.7
(15.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 27.5
(−2.5)
30.5
(−0.8)
38.5
(3.6)
50.3
(10.2)
60.5
(15.8)
69.4
(20.8)
74.1
(23.4)
72.7
(22.6)
65.0
(18.3)
53.5
(11.9)
43.6
(6.4)
32.9
(0.5)
51.5
(10.8)
Average low °F (°C) 20.1
(−6.6)
22.4
(−5.3)
29.4
(−1.4)
40.1
(4.5)
49.8
(9.9)
59.1
(15.1)
63.7
(17.6)
63.0
(17.2)
55.2
(12.9)
44.5
(6.9)
35.8
(2.1)
26.2
(−3.2)
42.4
(5.8)
Record low °F (°C) −15
(−26)
−17
(−27)
−2
(−19)
12
(−11)
25
(−4)
39
(4)
40
(4)
35
(2)
28
(−2)
20
(−7)
5
(−15)
−16
(−27)
−17
(−27)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.73
(95)
2.97
(75)
3.93
(100)
4.00
(102)
4.15
(105)
4.59
(117)
4.59
(117)
4.54
(115)
4.47
(114)
4.99
(127)
4.33
(110)
4.27
(108)
50.55
(1,284)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 12.2
(31)
11.2
(28)
5.6
(14)
.2
(0.51)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.6
(1.5)
5.5
(14)
35.3
(89.01)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 9.8 7.8 9.2 10.6 11.4 11.3 10.2 9.3 8.2 8.8 9.4 10.0 115.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 5.1 3.1 1.6 .1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 1.7 11.9
Source: NOAA [7]
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