Wes Anderson

Wesley Wales Anderson (born May 1, 1969) is an American filmmaker. His films are known for their distinctive visual and narrative styles.[1] Anderson is regarded by many as a modern-day example of the auteur. He has received consistent praise from critics for his work, and three of his films—The Royal Tenenbaums, Moonrise Kingdom, and The Grand Budapest Hotel—appeared in BBC's 2016 poll of the greatest films since 2000.[2]

Anderson was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for The Royal Tenenbaums in 2001, Moonrise Kingdom in 2012 and The Grand Budapest Hotel in 2014, as well as the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature for Fantastic Mr. Fox in 2009. He received his first Academy Award nomination for Best Director and won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy for The Grand Budapest Hotel in 2014. He also received the BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay in 2015. He currently runs production company American Empirical Pictures, which he founded in 1998.[3] Anderson won the Silver Bear for Best Director for the stop-motion animated film Isle of Dogs in 2018.[4]

Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson-20140206-85
Wes Anderson at the 64th Berlin Film Festival (2014)
Born
Wesley Wales Anderson

May 1, 1969 (age 49)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
ResidenceParis, France
Alma materUniversity of Texas at Austin
Occupation
Years active1992–present
Partner(s)Juman Malouf (2010–present)
Children1
RelativesEric Chase Anderson (brother)

Early life

Wesley Wales Anderson was born on May 1, 1969, in Houston, Texas. He is the son of Texas Ann (Burroughs), a realtor and archaeologist,[5] and Melver Leonard Anderson, who worked in advertising and public relations.[6][7][8][9][10] He is the second of three boys; his parents divorced when he was eight.[10] His elder brother, Mel, is a physician, and his younger brother, Eric Chase Anderson, is a writer and artist whose paintings and designs have appeared in several of Anderson's films, such as The Royal Tenenbaums.[11] Anderson is of Swedish and Norwegian ancestry.[12]

He graduated from St. John's School in Houston in 1987, which he later used as a prominent location throughout Rushmore.[13] As a child, Anderson made silent films on his father's Super 8 camera, starring his brothers and friends, although his first ambition was to be a writer.[10][11] Anderson attended college while working part-time as a cinema projectionist. He graduated from the University of Texas at Austin with a degree in philosophy in 1990, where he met future frequent collaborator Owen Wilson.[10][11][14]

Film career

1996–2012

Anderson's first film was Bottle Rocket (1996), based on a short film that he made with Luke and Owen Wilson. It was a crime caper about a group of young Texans aspiring to achieve major heists. It was well reviewed but performed poorly at the box office.[15][16][17]

Anderson's next film was Rushmore (1998), a quirky comedy about a high school student's crush on an elementary school teacher starring Bill Murray and Jason Schwartzman. It was a critical success.[18] Murray has since appeared in every Anderson film to date. In 2000, filmmaker Martin Scorsese praised Bottle Rocket and Rushmore.[19]

The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) was Anderson's next comedy-drama film, about a successful artistic New York City family and its ostracized patriarch. It represented his greatest success until Moonrise Kingdom in 2012, earning more than $50 million in domestic box office receipts. The Royal Tenenbaums was nominated for an Academy Award and ranked by an Empire poll as the 159th greatest film ever made.[20]

Wes Anderson
Anderson in 2005

Anderson's next feature was The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004) about a Jacques Cousteau-esque documentary filmmaker played by Bill Murray. It serves as a classic example of Anderson's style, but its critical reception was less favorable than his previous films, and its box office did not match the heights of The Royal Tenenbaums.[21] In September 2006, Steely Dan's Walter Becker and Donald Fagen released a tongue-in-cheek "letter of intervention" for Anderson's artistic "malaise" following the disappointing commercial and critical reception of The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou, proclaiming themselves to be fans of "World Cinema" and of Anderson in particular. They offered Anderson their soundtrack services for his The Darjeeling Limited, including lyrics for a title track.[22]

The Darjeeling Limited (2007) was about three emotionally distant brothers traveling together on a train in India. It reflected the more dramatic tone of The Royal Tenenbaums but faced criticisms similar to The Life Aquatic. Anderson has acknowledged that he went to India to film the movie partly as a tribute to Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray, whose "films have also inspired all my other movies in different ways" (the film is dedicated to him).[23] The film starred Anderson staples Jason Schwartzman and Owen Wilson in addition to Adrien Brody, and the script was co-written by Anderson, Schwartzman, and Roman Coppola.[24]

In 2008, Anderson was hired to write the screenplay of the American adaptation of My Best Friend, a French film, for producer Brian Grazer; Anderson's first draft was titled "The Rosenthaler Suite".

Anderson's stop motion animation adaptation of the Roald Dahl book Fantastic Mr Fox was released in 2009. The film was highly praised and nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, although not earning much more than its production budget.

2012–present

Isle of Dogs - Press Conference 2
Anderson, Koyu Rankin, Liev Schreiber, Jeff Goldblum, and Kunichi Nomura at the Isle of Dogs press conference at Berlinale 2018

Following the critical success of Fantastic Mr. Fox, Anderson made Moonrise Kingdom which opened at the Cannes Film Festival 2012.[25] The film was emblematic of Anderson's style, was a financial success, and earned Anderson another Academy Award nomination for his screenplay.

Anderson's next film, The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014), starred Ralph Fiennes, Jude Law, F. Murray Abraham, and Saoirse Ronan, along with several of his regular collaborators including Bill Murray, Owen Wilson, and Jason Schwartzman.[26] It is set in the 1930s and follows the adventures of M. Gustave, the hotel's concierge, making "a marvelous mockery of history, turning its horrors into a series of graceful jokes and mischievous gestures", according to The New York Times.[27] The film represented one of Anderson's greatest critical and commercial successes, grossing nearly $175 million worldwide and earning dozens of award nominations, including nine Oscar nominations with four wins.[28] These nominations also included his first for Best Director.

Anderson returned to stop motion animation with Isle of Dogs,[29]. Production on the film started in the United Kingdom in October 2016, and it was released in select theaters on March 23, 2018, and wide on April 6, 2018.[30][31][32] In August 2018, it was reported that Anderson was working on his next film, set in post-war France, and was set to begin filming at Angoulême, beginning in November 2018.[33][34][35]

Anderson has also created several notable short films. In addition to the original Bottle Rocket short, he made the Paris-set Hotel Chevalier (2007), which was created as a prologue to The Darjeeling Limited and starred Jason Schwartzman alongside Natalie Portman, and the Italy-set Castello Cavalcanti (2013),[36] which was produced by Prada and starred Jason Schwartzman as an unsuccessful race-car driver. Additionally, he has directed a number of television commercials for companies such as Stella Artois and Prada, including an elaborate American Express ad, in which he starred as himself.[37]

Anderson's cinematic influences include François Truffaut, Louis Malle, Pedro Almodóvar,[38] Satyajit Ray,[39] John Huston, Mike Nichols, Hal Ashby,[40] Stanley Kubrick, Woody Allen, Martin Scorsese, Orson Welles, and Roman Polanski.[41]

Directing techniques

Anderson has a unique directorial style that has led several critics to consider him an auteur.[42][43][44][45]

Themes and stories

Anderson has chosen to direct mostly fast-paced comedies marked by more serious or melancholic elements, with themes often centered on grief, loss of innocence, dysfunctional families, parental abandonment, adultery, sibling rivalry and unlikely friendships. His movies have been noted for being unusually character-driven, and by turns both derided and praised with terms like "literary geek chic". The plots of his movies often feature thefts and unexpected disappearances, with a tendency to borrow liberally from the caper genre.[46]

Visual style

Anderson has been noted for his extensive use of flat space camera moves, obsessively symmetrical compositions, knolling, snap-zooms, slow-motion walking shots, a deliberately limited color palette, and hand-made art direction often utilizing miniatures.[47] These stylistic choices give his movies a highly distinctive quality that has provoked much discussion, critical study, supercuts, and mash-ups, and even parody. Many writers, critics, and even Anderson himself, have commented that this gives his movies the feel of being "self-contained worlds", or a "scale model household".[48] According to Jesse Fox Mayshark, his films have "a baroque pop bent that is not realist, surrealist or magic realist", but rather might be described as "fabul[ist]".[49]

From The Life Aquatic on, Anderson has relied more heavily on stop motion animation and miniatures, even making entire features with stop motion animation with Fantastic Mr. Fox and Isle of Dogs.[50]

Soundtracks

Anderson frequently uses pop music from the 1960s and '70s on the soundtracks of his films, and one band or musician tends to dominate each soundtrack. In Rushmore, Cat Stevens and British Invasion groups featured prominently, The Royal Tenenbaums included songs recorded by Nico and The Velvet Underground, The Life Aquatic was replete with David Bowie including both originals and covers performed by Seu Jorge, The Kinks appeared on the soundtrack for The Darjeeling Limited and Rushmore, The Beach Boys in Fantastic Mr. Fox, and Hank Williams for Moonrise Kingdom. (Much of Moonrise Kingdom is filled with the music of Benjamin Britten, which is tied to a number of major plot points for that film.)[51] Darjeeling limited was also borrowing music styles from Satyajit Ray's films. The Grand Budapest Hotel, which is mostly set in the 1930s, is notable for being the first Anderson film to eschew using any pop music, and instead used original music composed by Alexandre Desplat. Its soundtrack won Desplat the Academy Award for Best Original Score, the BAFTA Award for Best Film Music and World Soundtrack Award for Best Original Score of the Year. The soundtracks for his films have often brought renewed attention to the artists featured, most prominently in the case of "These Days", which was used in The Royal Tenenbaums.[52]

Personal life

Anderson is in a relationship with Lebanese writer, costume designer and voice actress Juman Malouf.[53][54]

Malouf gave birth to the couple's daughter, Freya, in 2016. She is named after a character from the film The Mortal Storm.[55][56][57] Anderson lives in Paris but has spent the majority of his adult life in New York.[58][59][60]

He is the brother of artist Eric Chase Anderson, who illustrated the Criterion Collection releases of Anderson's films (except for Moonrise Kingdom) and provided the voice of Kristofferson Silverfox in Fantastic Mr. Fox.[61]

Filmography

Feature films

Year Title Director Producer Writer Notes
1996 Bottle Rocket Yes Yes Co-written with Owen Wilson
1998 Rushmore Yes Yes Yes
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Yes Yes Yes
2004 The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou Yes Yes Yes Co-written with Noah Baumbach
2005 The Squid and the Whale Yes
2007 The Darjeeling Limited Yes Yes Yes Co-written with Roman Coppola and Jason Schwartzman
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Yes Yes Yes Screenplay by Anderson and Noah Baumbach;
Based on the novel of the same name by Roald Dahl
2012 Moonrise Kingdom Yes Yes Yes Co-written with Roman Coppola
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel Yes Yes Yes Screenplay by Anderson;
Story by Anderson and Hugo Guinness
She's Funny That Way Yes
2017 Escapes executive
2018 Isle of Dogs Yes Yes Yes Screenplay by Anderson;
Story by Anderson, Roman Coppola, Jason Schwartzman and Kunichi Nomura
2020 The French Dispatch Yes Yes Yes

Reception

Critical, public and commercial reception to Anderson's directorial features as of 4 February 2019.

Year Film Rotten Tomatoes[62] Metacritic[63] Budget Box office[64]
1996 Bottle Rocket 85% (6.8/10 average rating) (66 reviews) 66 (24 reviews) $7 million $560 thousand
1998 Rushmore 89% (8.1/10 average rating) (103 reviews) 86 (32 reviews) $9 million $17.1 million
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums 80% (7.5/10 average rating) (207 reviews) 76 (34 reviews) $21 million $71.4 million
2004 The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou 56% (6.1/10 average rating) (206 reviews) 62 (38 reviews) $50 million $34.8 million
2007 The Darjeeling Limited 69% (6.6/10 average rating) (189 reviews) 67 (35 reviews) $16 million $35 million
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox 92% (7.9/10 average rating) (231 reviews) 83 (34 reviews) $40 million $46.5 million
2012 Moonrise Kingdom 93% (8.2/10 average rating) (244 reviews) 84 (43 reviews) $16 million $68.3 million
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel 91% (8.4/10 average rating) (287 reviews) 88 (48 reviews) $25 million $174.8 million
2018 Isle of Dogs 90% (8/10 average rating) (315 reviews) 82 (55 reviews) N/A $64.2 million
TBA The French Dispatch

Acting credits

Year Title Role Notes
1996 Bottle Rocket Passenger on Bus Uncredited cameo
1998 Rushmore Student
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Tennis Match Commentator
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Stan Weasel Voice role
2016 Sing Daniel Voice cameo

Other works

Year Title Director Producer Writer Actor Role Notes
1994 Bottle Rocket Yes Yes Short film;
co-written with Owen Wilson;
Shot in 1992, released in 1994.
2004 American Express: My Life, My Card Yes Yes Yes Himself Commercial, starring Anderson as himself as he directs an elaborate fake film featuring Jason Schwartzman.[65]
2007 Hotel Chevalier Yes Yes Short film prologue to The Darjeeling Limited, starring Natalie Portman and Jason Schwartzman.
2008 Softbank Yes Japanese commercial, filmed in France, starring Brad Pitt.
2010 Stella Artois: Apartomatic Yes Commercial, created for Stella Artois, co-directed with Roman Coppola.
2012 Made of Imagination Yes Commercial, created for Sony Xperia
Do You Like to Read? Yes Yes Short film to promote Moonrise Kingdom, starring Bob Balaban.
Cousin Ben Troop Screening with Jason Schwartzman Yes Yes Short film to promote Moonrise Kingdom, starring Jason Schwartzman.
2013 Prada: Candy Yes Commercial, created for Prada, starring Léa Seydoux.
Castello Cavalcanti Yes Yes Commercial, created for Prada, starring Jason Schwartzman.
2016 Come Together Yes Yes Commercial, created for H&M, starring Adrien Brody.

Recurring collaborators

Anderson's films feature many recurring actors, crew members, and other collaborators, including the Wilson brothers (Owen, Luke, and Andrew), Bill Murray,[66] Willem Dafoe, Jeff Goldblum, Edward Norton, Seymour Cassel, Anjelica Huston, Jason Schwartzman, Kumar Pallana and son Dipak Pallana, Stephen Dignan and Brian Tenenbaum, and Eric Chase Anderson (Anderson's brother). Other frequent collaborators include writer Noah Baumbach (who co-wrote The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou and Fantastic Mr. Fox, with Anderson co-producing his film The Squid and the Whale), Roman Coppola (as co-writer and second unit director), Owen Wilson (who co-wrote three of Anderson's feature films), cinematographer Robert Yeoman (A.S.C.), music supervisor Randall Poster, and composers Mark Mothersbaugh and Alexandre Desplat.

Actor/actress Bottle Rocket (1996) Rushmore (1998) The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (2004) The Darjeeling Limited (2007) Fantastic Mr. Fox (2009) Moonrise Kingdom (2012) The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014) Isle of Dogs (2018)[67][68][69] The French Dispatch (2019/2020)
F. Murray Abraham Yes Yes
Waris Ahluwalia Yes Yes Yes
Mathieu Amalric Yes Yes
Bob Balaban Yes Yes Yes Yes
Adrien Brody Yes Yes Yes Yes
Seymour Cassel Yes Yes Yes
Brian Cox Yes Yes
Willem Dafoe Yes Yes Yes Yes
Michael Gambon Yes Yes
Jeff Goldblum Yes Yes Yes
Kara Hayward Yes Yes
Lucas Hedges Yes Yes
Neal Huff Yes Yes
Anjelica Huston Yes Yes Yes Yes
Harvey Keitel Yes Yes Yes
Frances McDormand Yes Yes Yes
Bill Murray Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kunichi Nomura Yes Yes
Edward Norton Yes Yes Yes
Kumar Pallana Yes Yes Yes Yes
Larry Pine Yes Yes Yes
Saoirse Ronan Yes Yes
Jason Schwartzman Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Léa Seydoux Yes Yes
Fisher Stevens Yes Yes
Tilda Swinton Yes Yes Yes Yes
Andrew Wilson Yes Yes Yes
Luke Wilson Yes Yes Yes
Owen Wilson Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Frank Wood Yes Yes

Awards and nominations

Academy Awards

Year Category Film Result
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Best Original Screenplay[70] Nominated
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Best Animated Feature Nominated
2012 Moonrise Kingdom Best Original Screenplay[71] Nominated
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel Best Picture[72] Nominated
Best Director[72] Nominated
Best Original Screenplay[72] Nominated
2018 Isle of Dogs Best Animated Feature Nominated

BAFTA Awards

Year Category Film Result
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Best Original Screenplay[73] Nominated
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Best Animated Film Nominated
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel Best Direction Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Won
2018 Isle of Dogs Best Animated Film Nominated

Golden Globe Awards

Year Category Film Result
2005 The Squid and the Whale Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated
2009 Fantastic Mr. Fox Best Animated Feature Nominated
2012 Moonrise Kingdom[74] Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated
2014 The Grand Budapest Hotel Won
Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Nominated
2018 Isle of Dogs Best Animated Feature Film Nominated

Other awards

Year Award Category Film Result
1996 MTV Movie Award Best New Filmmaker Bottle Rocket Won
Lone Star Film & Television Award Debut of the Year Won
1998 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award New Generation Award Bottle Rocket & Rushmore Won
1999 Lone Star Film & Television Award Best Director Rushmore Won
Best Writer Won
National Society of Film Critics Award Best Screenplay Won
Independent Spirit Award Best Director Won
2001 New York Film Critics Circle Award Best Screenplay[75] The Royal Tenenbaums Won
2002 Chicago Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay[76] Nominated
Online Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Nominated
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Nominated
Toronto Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay[77] Nominated
Writers Guild of America Award Best Screenplay[78] Nominated
2003 Bodil Award Best American Film Nominated
DVD Premiere Award Best Audio Commentary Nominated
2005 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou Nominated
Golden Satellite Award Best Screenplay Nominated
2006 Independent Spirit Award Best Feature The Squid and the Whale Nominated
2007 Gijón International Film Festival Award Best Feature The Darjeeling Limited Nominated
Venice International Film Festival Award Golden Lion Nominated
Little Golden Lion Won
2008 Bodil Award Best American Film Nominated
2009 National Society of Film Critics Award Special Achievement Award Fantastic Mr. Fox Won
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Director Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Won
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award Best Screenplay Won
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay Won
2010 Annie Award Best Writing in a Feature Production Won
Directing in a Feature Production Nominated
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay Nominated
Central Ohio Film Critics Association Award Best Screenplay Nominated
National Board of Review of Motion Pictures Award Special Achievement Award for Best Film Nominated
National Society of Film Critics Award Best Director Nominated
New York Film Critics Circle Award Best Director Nominated
Online Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Won
Producers Guild of America Award Best Animated Theatrical Motion Picture Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society Award Best Screenplay Won
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award Best Original Screenplay Won
2012 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Moonrise Kingdom Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society Award Best Original Screenplay Nominated
2013 Broadcast Film Critics Association Award Best Original Screenplay[79] Nominated
Independent Spirit Award Best Director[80] Nominated
Best Screenplay[80] Nominated
2014 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear The Grand Budapest Hotel Nominated
Jury Grand Prix (Silver Bear)[81] Won
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards Best Director[82] Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Won
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Nominated
David di Donatello David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film Won
Detroit Film Critics Society Awards Best Director[83] Nominated
Best Screenplay Nominated
Dublin Film Critics' Circle Awards Best Director[84] Nominated
Florida Film Critics Circle Awards Best Director[85] Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Won
Indiana Film Journalists Association Awards Best Original Screenplay Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Director[86] Runner-up
Best Screenplay Won
New York Film Critics Circle Award Best Screenplay[87] Won
Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Won
San Diego Film Critics Society Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Best Original Screenplay[88] Nominated
Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards Best Director 2nd Place
Best Original Screenplay Won
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards Best Original Screenplay[89] Nominated
San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award[90] Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Online Film Critics Society Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Nominated
Toronto Film Critics Association Awards Best Director[91] Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
2015 Central Ohio Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Runner-up
Best Original Screenplay Runner-up
Alliance of Women Film Journalists Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards Best Picture Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Best Comedy Won
4th AACTA International Awards Best Direction Nominated
Best Screenplay Nominated
Denver Film Critics Society Best Original Screenplay Nominated
67th Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directing – Feature Film Nominated
Georgia Film Critics Association Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Houston Film Critics Society Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
London Film Critics' Awards Director of the Year Nominated
Screenwriter of the Year Won
Location Managers Guild Awards Outstanding Locations in Period Film Won
National Society of Film Critics Awards Best Screenplay Won
Oklahoma Film Critics Circle Best Original Screenplay Won
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Awards Best Director Nominated
Best Screenplay Won
67th Writers Guild of America Awards Best Original Screenplay Won
2016 Location Managers Guild Awards Eva Monley Award Self Won
2018 Berlin International Film Festival Silver Bear for Best Director Isle of Dogs Won
SXSW Film Festival Audience Awards Headliners Won

Further reading

  • Seitz, Matt Zoller (2013). The Wes Anderson Collection. New York, New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0810997417.
  • Browning, Mark (2011). Wes Anderson: why his movies matter. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger. ISBN 1-5988-4352-4.
  • "Special Issue: Wes Anderson & Co". New Review of Film and Television Studies. 10 (1). 2012. ISSN 1740-0309.
  • MacDowell, James (2010). "Notes on Quirky" (PDF). Movie: A Journal of Film Criticism. Warwick University (1).
  • Kunze, Peter C., ed. (2014). The films of Wes Anderson: Critical essays on an Indiewood icon. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1349486922.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

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Bibliography
  • Browning, Mark (2011). Wes Anderson: why his movies matter. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger. ISBN 1-5988-4352-4.
  • "Special Issue: Wes Anderson & Co". New Review of Film and Television Studies. 10 (1). 2012. ISSN 1740-0309.
  • Seitz, Matt Zoller (2013). The Wes Anderson Collection. New York, New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0810997417.

External links

Bottle Rocket

Bottle Rocket is a 1996 American crime-comedy film directed by Wes Anderson. It was co-written by Anderson and Owen Wilson. In addition to being Wes Anderson's feature-length directorial debut, Bottle Rocket was the debut feature for brothers Owen and Luke Wilson, who co-starred with James Caan and Robert Musgrave.

The film was a commercial failure but launched Anderson's career by drawing attention from critics. Director Martin Scorsese later named Bottle Rocket one of his top-ten favorite movies of the 1990s.

Castello Cavalcanti

Castello Cavalcanti is a short film written and directed by Wes Anderson and released in 2013. Starring Jason Schwartzman as an unsuccessful race car driver who crashes his car in an Italian village, the 8-minute film was filmed at Cinecittà in Rome, Italy and financed by Prada. It debuted at the Rome Film Festival and was released online on November 13, 2013. It quickly became viral and received critical acclaim.

Fantastic Mr. Fox (film)

Fantastic Mr. Fox is a 2009 American stop motion animated comedy film directed by Wes Anderson, based on Roald Dahl's 1970 children's novel of the same name. The film is about a fox who steals food each night from three mean and wealthy farmers. They are fed up with Mr. Fox's theft and try to kill him, so they dig their way into the foxes' home, but the animals are able to outwit the farmers and live underground.

The film was released in the autumn of 2009 and stars George Clooney, Meryl Streep, Jason Schwartzman, Bill Murray, Willem Dafoe, Michael Gambon, and Owen Wilson. For Anderson, it was his first animated film and first film adaptation. Development on the project began in 2004 as a collaboration between Anderson and Henry Selick (who worked with Anderson on the 2004 film The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou) under Revolution Studios. In 2007, Revolution folded, Selick left to direct Coraline, and work on the film moved to 20th Century Fox. Production began in London in 2007. It was released on November 13, 2009, and has a 92% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes. The film also received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature.

Hotel Chevalier

Hotel Chevalier is an American-French short film written and directed by Wes Anderson and released in 2007. Starring Jason Schwartzman and Natalie Portman as former lovers who reunite in a Paris hotel room, the 13-minute film acts as a prologue to Anderson's 2007 feature The Darjeeling Limited. It was shot on location in a Parisian hotel by a small crew and self-financed by Anderson, who initially intended it to be a stand-alone work. Its first showing was at the Venice Film Festival première of the feature film on September 2, 2007, and it made its own debut later that month at Apple Stores in four U.S. cities.

The day after the film's première, it was made freely available from the iTunes Store for one month, during which time it was downloaded more than 500,000 times. The film garnered near universal critical acclaim from reviewers, who compared it favorably to The Darjeeling Limited and praised its richness, poignancy, and careful construction.

Isle of Dogs (film)

Isle of Dogs (Japanese: 犬ヶ島, Hepburn: Inugashima) is a 2018 stop-motion-animated science-fiction comedy film written, produced and directed by Wes Anderson. Set in a dystopian near-future Japan, the story follows a young boy (Koyu Rankin) searching for his dog after the species is banished to an island following the outbreak of a canine flu. The film's ensemble voice cast includes Bryan Cranston, Edward Norton, Bill Murray, Jeff Goldblum, Bob Balaban, Greta Gerwig, Frances McDormand, Courtney B. Vance, Fisher Stevens, Harvey Keitel, Liev Schreiber, Scarlett Johansson, Tilda Swinton, F. Murray Abraham, Frank Wood, Kunichi Nomura, and Yoko Ono.

A US–German co-production, Isle of Dogs was produced by Indian Paintbrush and Anderson's own production company, American Empirical Pictures, in association with Studio Babelsberg. The film opened the 68th Berlin International Film Festival, where Anderson was awarded the Silver Bear for Best Director. It was given a limited release in the United States on March 23, 2018, by Fox Searchlight Pictures, and went on wide release on April 13. It has grossed over $64 million worldwide, and received praise for its animation, story, and deadpan humor. A manga adaptation of the film by Minetarō Mochizuki was published in 2018, beginning with the May 24 issue of Weekly Morning. The film received nominations at the 76th Golden Globe Awards, 72nd British Academy Film Awards, and 91st Academy Awards, all for Best Animated Feature Film and Best Original Score.

Matt Zoller Seitz

Matt Zoller Seitz (born December 26, 1968) is an American film and television critic, author, and filmmaker.

Moonrise Kingdom

Moonrise Kingdom is a 2012 American coming-of-age film directed by Wes Anderson, written by Anderson and Roman Coppola. It features newcomers Jared Gilman and Kara Hayward leading a cast including Bruce Willis, Edward Norton, Bill Murray, Frances McDormand, Tilda Swinton, Jason Schwartzman, and Bob Balaban. It is about a young orphan (Gilman) who escapes from a scouting camp on an island to unite with his pen pal, a girl (Hayward) with aggressive tendencies. Feeling shunned by everyone around them for their disturbed behaviors, the two lovers retreat to an isolated beach they call Moonrise Kingdom, while the scouts, police and family members launch a search party to retrieve them.

Anderson and Coppola drew on personal experiences and memories of childhood fantasies in crafting their screenplay, which also took inspiration from earlier films like Melody (1971) and The 400 Blows (1959). The filmmakers invented maps for the fictional island setting. They also took eight months auditioning child actors before selecting Hayward and Gilman. Filming took place in Rhode Island in 2011. Critics noted Moonrise Kingdom's colorful style and the use of symmetry in its photography, combined with a soundtrack making use of the music of Benjamin Britten with original compositions by Alexandre Desplat.

The film premiered at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival and received critical acclaim. Film scholars observed themes of young love, child sexuality, juvenile mental health and family break-up, with allusions to the Genesis flood narrative. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and the Golden Globe for Best Musical or Comedy. In 2016, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) included the film in its list of the 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century.

Owen Wilson

Owen Cunningham Wilson (born November 18, 1968) is an American actor, producer and screenwriter. He has had a long association with filmmaker Wes Anderson, with whom he shared writing and acting credits for Bottle Rocket (1996) and The Royal Tenenbaums (2001), the latter of which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. His older brother Andrew and younger brother Luke are also actors. He is known for his roles in Frat Pack comedies as well as voicing Lightning McQueen in the Cars franchise.

Robert Yeoman

Robert David Yeoman, ASC (born March 10, 1951) is an American cinematographer. Yeoman is best known for his collaborations with directors Wes Anderson and Paul Feig.

Roman Coppola

Roman François Coppola (born April 22, 1965) is an American filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, and entrepreneur. With the 2012 film Moonrise Kingdom, he and co-writer Wes Anderson were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. In 2016, his television series Mozart in the Jungle won the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy.

Coppola serves as president of the San Francisco-based film company American Zoetrope. He is also founder and owner of The Directors Bureau, a commercial and music video production company.

Rushmore (film)

Rushmore is a 1998 American comedy-drama film directed by Wes Anderson about an eccentric teenager named Max Fischer (Jason Schwartzman in his film debut), his friendship with rich industrialist Herman Blume (Bill Murray), and their mutual love for elementary school teacher Rosemary Cross (Olivia Williams). The film was co-written by Anderson and Owen Wilson. The soundtrack was scored by regular Anderson collaborator Mark Mothersbaugh and features several songs by bands associated with the British Invasion of the 1960s.

The film helped launch the careers of Anderson and Schwartzman while establishing a "second career" for Murray as a respected actor in independent cinema. At the 1999 Independent Spirit Awards, Anderson won Best Director award and Murray won Best Supporting Male award. Murray also earned a nomination for Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture.

Rushmore is considered one of Anderson's finest works and was ranked one of the best films of the 1990s by several publications. In 2016, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

She's Funny That Way (film)

She’s Funny That Way is a 2014 American screwball comedy film directed by Peter Bogdanovich and co-written with Louise Stratten. The film stars Owen Wilson, Imogen Poots, Kathryn Hahn, Will Forte, Rhys Ifans, and Jennifer Aniston.

The film had a limited release in the United States and was released through video on demand on August 21, 2015, by Lionsgate Premiere.

The Darjeeling Limited

The Darjeeling Limited is a 2007 American comedy-drama film directed by Wes Anderson which he co-produced with Scott Rudin, Roman Coppola and Lydia Dean Pilcher and co-wrote with Coppola and Jason Schwartzman. The film stars Owen Wilson, Adrien Brody and Schwartzman and also features Waris Ahluwalia, Amara Karan, Barbet Schroeder and Anjelica Huston with Natalie Portman, Camilla Rutherford, Irrfan Khan and Bill Murray in cameo roles.

The film was released on October 26, 2007 by Fox Searchlight Pictures. The film received generally favorable reviews from critics and earned $35 million on a $17.5 million budget. The film won the Best Comedy at the Movies for Grownups Awards in 2008 and the Top Films of the Year at the NYFCO Awards in 2007 and also received nominations for the Grand Prix Asturias for Best Feature and the Bodil for Best American Film (Bedste amerikanske film).

The French Dispatch

The French Dispatch is an upcoming American drama film, written and directed by Wes Anderson. It stars Frances McDormand, Bill Murray, Saoirse Ronan, Tilda Swinton, Timothée Chalamet, Kate Winslet, and Benicio del Toro.

The Grand Budapest Hotel

The Grand Budapest Hotel is a 2014 comedy film written and directed by Wes Anderson, from a story by Anderson and Hugo Guinness, inspired by the writings of Stefan Zweig, to whom Anderson wrote the film as a tribute.

Set at the fictional war-torn European country Zubrowka in the 1930s, The Grand Budapest Hotel tells the story of two people: Monsieur Gustave H. (Ralph Fiennes), a concierge, one of his employees, the lobby boy Zero (Tony Revolori), and the friendship they form as they team up for several misadventures while trying to prove Gustave's innocence after he was framed for murder.

The film is an American-German co-production that was financed by German financial companies and film-funding organizations and filmed in Germany. The Grand Budapest Hotel released to widespread critical acclaim and was financially successful, grossing about $175 million worldwide on a $25 million budget, and was included in several critics' year-end top-10 lists.The film won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and garnered three more Golden Globe Award nominations, including Best Director for Anderson. It was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director for Anderson, and won four Oscars for Best Costume Design, Best Makeup and Hairstyling, Best Production Design and Best Original Score. In a 2016 BBC poll, several critics voted the film the 21st greatest film of the 21st century since 2000.

The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou

The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou is a 2004 American comedy-drama film directed, co-written, and co-produced by Wes Anderson. It is Anderson's fourth feature-length film and was released in the United States on December 25, 2004. It was written by Anderson and Noah Baumbach and was filmed in and around Naples, Ponza, and the Italian Riviera.

The film stars Bill Murray as the eponymous Steve Zissou, an eccentric oceanographer who sets out to exact revenge on the "jaguar shark" that ate his partner Esteban. Zissou is both a parody of and homage to French diving pioneer Jacques Cousteau (1910–1997), to whom the film is dedicated. Cate Blanchett, Willem Dafoe, Michael Gambon, Jeff Goldblum, Anjelica Huston, Owen Wilson, Seu Jorge, and Bud Cort are also featured in the film.

The film was released to mixed reviews and was a box office flop. Since release, it has garnered a cult following, and is now viewed more positively by critics.

The Royal Tenenbaums

The Royal Tenenbaums is a 2001 American comedy-drama film directed by Wes Anderson and co-written with Owen Wilson. The film stars Danny Glover, Gene Hackman, Anjelica Huston, Bill Murray, Gwyneth Paltrow, Ben Stiller, Luke Wilson, and Owen Wilson. Ostensibly based on a non-existent novel, and told with a narrative influenced by the literature of J.D. Salinger, the story follows the lives of three gifted siblings who experience great success in youth, and even greater disappointment and failure in adulthood. The children's eccentric father Royal Tenenbaum (Hackman) leaves them in their adolescent years, returning to them after they have grown, and falsely claiming to have a terminal illness. Long after he was shunned by his family, Royal gradually reconciles with his children and ex-wife (Huston).

With a variety of influences, including Louis Malle's 1963 film The Fire Within and Orson Welles' 1942 film The Magnificent Ambersons, the story involves themes of the dysfunctional family, lost greatness, and redemption. An absurdist and ironic sense of humor pervades the film, which features a soundtrack subsequently released in two albums.

The Royal Tenenbaums was shot in and around New York City, including a house in Harlem used for the Tenenbaum residence. The filmmakers went to efforts to distinguish the film's backgrounds from a recognizable New York, with fashions and sets combining the appearances of different time periods.

After debuting at the New York Film Festival, The Royal Tenenbaums received positive reviews from critics and was Anderson's most financially successful film until 2014's The Grand Budapest Hotel. Hackman won a Golden Globe for his performance, and the screenwriters were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. In 2016, it was included in BBC's 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century.

The Squid and the Whale

The Squid and the Whale is a 2005 American independent arthouse comedy-drama film written and directed by Noah Baumbach and produced by Wes Anderson. It tells the semi-autobiographical story of two boys in Brooklyn dealing with their parents' divorce in 1986. The film is named after the giant squid and sperm whale diorama housed at the American Museum of Natural History, which is seen in the film. The film was shot on Super 16mm, mostly using a handheld camera. At the 2005 Sundance Film Festival, the film won awards for best dramatic direction and screenwriting, and was nominated for the Grand Jury Prize. Baumbach later received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay. The film received six Independent Spirit Award nominations and three Golden Globe nominations. The New York Film Critics Circle, Los Angeles Film Critics Association and the National Board of Review voted its screenplay the year's best.

Whip pan

A whip pan is a type of pan shot in which the camera pans so quickly that the picture blurs into indistinct streaks. It is commonly used as a transition between shots, and can indicate the passage of time or a frenetic pace of action.

This technique is used liberally by directors Anatole Litvak, Sam Raimi, Wes Anderson and Edgar Wright. It is also frequently seen in the Saw films whenever someone is struggling in a trap and is often seen in 1970s martial arts movies.

Wes Anderson
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