Wenling (Wenling dialect: Ueng-ling Zy [ʔuəŋ ʔliŋ zɿ]; simplified Chinese: 温岭市; traditional Chinese: 溫嶺市; pinyin: Wēnlǐng Shì) is a coastal county-level city in the municipal region of Taizhou, in southeastern Zhejiang province, China. It borders Luqiao and Huangyan to the north, Yuhuan to the south, Yueqing to the west, looks out to the East China Sea to the east. Wenling locates on 28°22'N, 121°21'E, approximately 300 km (190 mi) south of Shanghai.
Because of its geographical location, Wenling has long been suffered from typhoons. In August 12 2004, Typhoon Rananim, the six strongest typhoon in PRC history, landed in Shitang Town, Wenling. In August 10 2019, Typhoon Lekima, the third strongest in PRC history, landed in Chengnan Town, Wenling.
Location in Zhejiang
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Land||926 km2 (358 sq mi)|
|• Water||1,079 km2 (417 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|License Plate Prefix||浙J|
Like the majority of areas in Zhejiang, most people from Wenling speak a dialect of Wu Chinese, known as Wenling Hua. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin Chinese, and partially intelligible with Shanghainese. There is also a small portion of Min Nan speakers in the southeastern regions, especially in Shitang Town. The linguistic diversity of some regions has resulted in a segment of the population becoming fluent in speaking up to three languages, when Mandarin is included.
During the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, Wenling was not part of the Chinese state but rather part of the separate culture of Dong'ou. Following the 3rd-century BC conquests of the Qin Empire, it was incorporated into the Minzhong Prefecture before being moved to Kuaiji under the Han. From the Tang to the Ming, Wenling was divided between Taizhou's Huangyan District and Wenzhou's Yueqing District.
In 1469, Taiping County was formed in the area from Fangyan, Taiping, and Fanchang, three villages formerly incorporated into Huangyan. Yueqing County's Shanmen and Yuhuan villages were ceded in 1476. In 1513, the county seat built 2.5 kilometers (1.6 mi) of city wall, roughly squared, giving it the name of "Square Castle". In 1914, the county was renamed Wenling to distinguish it from counties with same name in Shanxi, Sichuan, and Anhui. Wenling ("warm mountain") was once another name of Wenqiao Town.
Wenling was conquered by Communist forces on May 28, 1949, and the county government was created. In March 1994, Wenling was made a county-level "city".
Wenling Railway Station is located in Daxi Town, North-West of Wenling. It is part of the Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou Railway, and has connected to high speed rail lines that runs in 300km/h. In 2017, its annual ridership is about 8.5 million.
Wenling is 26km (16 miles) away from the Taizhou Luqiao Airport, located in the city centre of Taizhou.
Wenling also connects to the Ningbo-Taizhou-Wenzhou expressway.
The economy of Wenling is relatively developed. In 2018, its nominal GDP exceeds 100 billion, becoming the first city (or county, district) in Taizhou to have 100 billion GDP. Its GDP per capita is about 83,300 RMB (12,607 US dollar).
Amazing Detective Di Renjie 3, also known as Shen Tan Di Renjie 3, is the third installment in a four-season Chinese television series based on gong'an detective stories related to Di Renjie, a Tang dynasty magistrate and statesman. Written by Qian Yanqiu and directed by Qian and Zhang Wenling, the series starred Liang Guanhua as the titular protagonist, and was first broadcast on CCTV-8 on 15 March 2008, two years after the second season. It was followed by Mad Detective Di Renjie in 2010.Chekiang Province, Republic of China
Chekiang Province, Republic of China (1912–1955) was a former province in the Republic of China that abolished after the ROC Forces, ROC government officials and local residents were evacuated from Dachen to Taiwan in 1955 following the military defeat of ROC by People's Republic of China's People's Liberation Army forces during the Battle of Dachen Archipelago.After the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang-led Republic of China government lost its control in Mainland China and only held several east coast islands off Mainland Chekiang Province, including Dachen, Yijiangshan, Pishan, Toumenshan, Yushan Island and Nanji. After losing the mainland, the Nationalists used the islands to stage commando raids into Zhejiang, occasionally penetrating as far as the area around Shanghai. The county governments withdrawn to the islands from the mainland included seven counties, namely Wenling, Linhai, Huangyan, Pinyang, Sanmen, Leqing and Yuhuan. Chiang Kai-shek, the late President of the Republic of China, appointed Hu Zongnan, the general of the ROC Armed Forces, to establish the "Government of Chekiang Province" on the Dachen Islands on September 1951. Its purpose was to fight against the mainland which was controlled by the Communist Party of China.
In 1952, the Chekiang Government reorganized the seven counties into four counties, which were Wenling, Linhai, Pinyang and Yuhuan. Sanmen county was reorganised as "Yushan Administrative Bureau", and "Zhuyu Administrative Bureau" was also established. These administrative bureaus were originally intended to be used as the "special region" for direct economic trading with Mainland China, however they were abolished one year later. In 1953, the Chekiang Government office moved to Taiwan. In 1955, the People's Liberation Army conquered Yijiangshan Island during the Battle of Yijiangshan Islands. The Republic of China evacuated the military garrison and civil residents from Dachen and Nanji to the island of Taiwan with the assistance of the United States Seventh Fleet. The Chekiang Government in Taiwan was abolished soon afterwards, and the People's Republic of China successfully occupied the offshore islands, establishing control over the whole of Zhejiang Province.Chinese oceanographic research ship Zhang Jian
Chinese oceanographic research ship Zhang Jian is a Chinese research ship designed by Shanghai Ocean University and built by the civilian owned Zhejiang TianShi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. (浙江天时造船有限公司) in Wenling, instead of government-owned enterprise, as in most cases of the ships in Chinese service.Chinese research ship Zhang Jian is the newest research ship in China (as of 2015), and it is designed to have an endurance of 60 days before needing resupply. The ship is designed to be a multifunction ship capable of carrying out various missions that previously had to be performed by separate ships. The ship primarily functions as an oceanographic research ship, buyt it can also act as a dive tender, a salvage ship, a rescue ship, a tourist ship, and a mother ship for a deep-submergence vehicle. The ship will be used as a mother ship for a Rainbowfish class bathyscaphe.
The ship also carries other equipment for deep sea exploration, including an UUV and three benthic landers. Designed by the Shenyang Institute of Automation (SIA, 沈阳自动化研究所) of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the three benthic landers were originally to be capable of operating at the depth of 11000 meters. To avoid delays, this goal was modified with reduced requirements for the first benthic lander, which would use foreign components purchased abroad and have a maximum operational depth of 7000 meters. The 11000 meter operational depth of the original specification will be met by the second and third units. These will use completely indigenous components; development was to be completed in 2015. The first benthic lander begun sea trials in October 2014.Fang Ganmin
Fang Ganmin (simplified Chinese: 方干民; traditional Chinese: 方幹民; 15 February 1906 - January 1984) was a Chinese French-trained painter, sculptor and educator, who was educated in Paris and spent most of his adult life in China. Regarded as one of the fathers of Chinese oil painting, Fang was born in the Wenling county, Zhejiang province. He began studying painting in 1924 and went to Paris in 1925, enrolling in the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, making him, along with Xu Beihong and Sanyu, one of the first Chinese painters to study abroad in France. Upon returning to China, he taught at the National Arts Academy, Hangzhou, becoming a professor at the Western Painting Department. During the Cultural Revolution, Fang was shamed and tortured by the Red Guards, and his works were destroyed. He died in 1984. His students include Zao Wou-Ki, Chu Teh-Chun and Wu Guanzhong.IDEA NXT
In cryptography, the IDEA NXT algorithm (previously known as FOX) is a block cipher designed by Pascal Junod and Serge Vaudenay of EPFL (Lausanne, Switzerland). It was conceived between 2001 and 2003. The project was originally named FOX and was published in 2003. In May 2005 it was announced by MediaCrypt under the name IDEA NXT. IDEA NXT is the successor to the International Data Encryption Algorithm (IDEA) and also uses the Lai-Massey scheme. MediaCrypt AG holds patents on elements of IDEA and IDEA NXT. The cipher is specified in two configurations: NXT64 (with block of 64 bits, key of 128 bits, 16 rounds) and NXT128 (with block of 128 bits, key of 256 bits, 16 rounds).Jiangxia Tidal Power Station
The Jiangxia Tidal Power Station (江厦潮汐电站) is the fourth largest tidal power station in the world, located in Wuyantou, Wenling City, Zhejiang Province, China. Although the proposed design for the facility was 3,000 kW, the current installed capacity is 3,200 kW, generated from one unit of 500 kW, one unit of 600 kW, and three units of 700 kW, totalling the installed capacity to 3,200 kW. Proposals were made to install a sixth 700 kW unit, but this has not yet been installed. The facility generates up to 6.5 GWh of power annually.
This facility also hosts a 40 kW solar PV power installation with an estimated 45,000 kWh annual production capacity. This system is composed of 216 pieces of 186 W monocrystalline solar modules manufactured by Perlight Solar.The power station feeds the energy demand of small villages at a 20 km (12 mi) distance, through a 35-kV transmission line. The maximum tidal range in the estuary is 8.39 m (27.5 ft).Ke Zhao
Ke Zhao or Chao Ko (Chinese: 柯召; pinyin: Kē Zhào; Wade–Giles: K'o Chao, April 12, 1910 – November 8, 2002) was a Chinese mathematician born in Wenling, Taizhou, Zhejiang.
Ke graduated from Tsinghua University in 1933 and obtained his doctorate from the University of Manchester under Louis Mordell in 1937. His main fields of study were algebra, number theory and combinatorics. Some of his major contributions included his work on quadratic forms, the Erdős–Ko–Rado theorem and his theorem on Catalan's conjecture. He was later a professor at Sichuan University and became the president of the university and of the Chinese Mathematical Society.Li Rong (linguist)
Li Rong (4 February 1920 – 31 December 2002) was a Chinese linguist known for his work on Chinese dialectology.
He was director of the Institute of Linguistics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences from 1982 to 1985,
and editor of the Language Atlas of China and the Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects.Li Rong was born in Wenling county, Zhejiang.
In 1939 he was admitted to the Southwest Associated University in Kunming, studying Chinese literature.
In 1943, he went on to postgraduate study at the Language Institute of Peking University, then based in Kunming.
His master's thesis, a study of the system of fanqie pronunciation guides in the Qieyun, a 7th-century rime dictionary, was published in 1952.
In this work, he demonstrated that the mysterious "divisions" of the later rime tables reflected distributional patterns in the Qieyun.Li Rong founded the Chinese dialectology journal Fangyan in 1979, and served as its editor.
He led a team from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, collaborating with the Australian Academy of the Humanities to produce the Language Atlas of China in 1987.
The Atlas was based on Li's revised classification of Chinese dialects, with separate Jin, Hui and Pinghua groups.
Although this classification has been adopted by many workers, it remains controversial.
Li was also the chief editor of the Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects, containing descriptions of 42 varieties from locations scattered across China.List of administrative divisions of Zhejiang
Zhejiang, a province of the People's Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division.Lü Lin (table tennis)
Lü Lin (Chinese: 吕林; born April 6, 1969 in Wenling) is a Chinese table tennis player and Olympic champion. He uses a pen-grip topspin style, and is best known for the combination of him and Wang Tao in men's double championships.
He won a gold medal in double at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona with Wang Tao.They took part in the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta again, where they won a silver medal.The combo also won the men's doubles title at 1993 and 1995 World Table Tennis Championships.Lü Lin's son, Lü Xiang (born 1996), is also a table tennis player. He won the Men's Doubles title at the 2014 German Open.Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou railway
The Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou railway (simplified Chinese: 甬台温铁路; traditional Chinese: 甬台溫鐵路; pinyin: Yǒngtāiwēn Tiělù) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line in Zhejiang Province. The line, also known as the Yongtaiwen railway, is named after the three primary cities along route: Ningbo, whose abbreviated Chinese name is Yong, Taizhou and Wenzhou. The line has a total length of 282.4 kilometres and forms part of China's Southeast Coast high-speed rail corridor. Construction began in October 2005, and the line opened to commercial service on September 28, 2009. Trains running on the line reach top speeds of 250 kilometres per hour, and the shortest trip between Ningbo and Wenzhou takes 1 hour 12 minutes.Port of Taizhou
The Port of Taizhou is a natural seaport on the coast of the prefectural-level city of Taizhou, Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China. The Port is centered at the mouth of the Jiaojiang River, with port areas opening to the Taizhou Bay, Yueqing Bay and Sanmen Bay of the East China Sea. It is considered as the southernmost of the ports of the Yangtze Delta economic area. In 2013 it reached a throughput of 56.28 million metric tons, an increase of 5.0% over 2012, and a container throughput of 166,571 TEUs, an increase of 10.4%.Qujiang District, Quzhou
Qujiang District (Chinese: 衢江区; pinyin: Qújiāng) is a district of Quzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China.Table tennis at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Women's doubles
These are the results of the women's doubles competition, one of two events for female competitors in table tennis at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.Taizhou, Zhejiang
Taizhou (pronunciation in PRC Standard Mandarin: [tʰái.ʈʂóu] (listen), Taizhou dialect: Tetsiu), alternately known as Taichow, is a city located at the middle of the East China Sea coast of Zhejiang province. It is located 300 km (190 mi) south of Shanghai and 230 km (140 mi) southeast of Hangzhou, the provincial capital. It is bordered by Ningbo to the north, Wenzhou to the south, and Shaoxing, Jinhua, and Lishui to west. In addition to the municipality itself, the prefecture-level city of Taizhou includes 3 districts, 2 county-level cities, and 4 counties.
At the 2010 census, its population was 5,968,838 inhabitants whom 3,269,304 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban Districts and Wenling City now being largely conurbated.Wenling Tan Monfardini
Wenling Tan Monfardini (born 28 October 1972) is a Chinese-born naturalised Italian professional table tennis player.Wenling railway station
Wenling railway station is a railway station of Yongtaiwen Railway located in Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.Yandang Mountains
Yandang Mountains or Yandangshan (Chinese: t 雁蕩山, s 雁荡山, p Yàndàng Shān, lit. "Wild Goose Pond Mountain(s)") refers, in the broad sense, to a coastal mountain range in southeastern Zhejiang province in eastern China, covering much of the prefecture-level city of Wenzhou (from Pingyang County in the south to Yueqing County in the northeast) and extending to the county-level city of Wenling in Taizhou prefecture. The mountain range is divided in two by the Oujiang River, the two parts being the North Yandang and South Yandang. More narrowly, Yandangshan is also used more narrowly to refer to Mount Yandang, a specific part of the North Yandang around an ancient caldera near a small town of the same name (雁荡镇, Yàndàng Zhèn). The highest peaks of North Yandang are located here, and this is also the main tourist spot. In this article, name "Yandang Mountains" is used to refer the mountain range and "Mt. Yandang" to refer to the caldera.
The main peak of North Yandang, Baigangjian (百岗尖, Bǎigǎng Jiān, lit. "Hundred-Peak Point"), rises 1,150 m (3,770 ft) above sea level There is a radar station on the peak, which is closed to the public.
In 2004, Yandangshan became National Geological Park and in the beginning of 2005, a member of Global Geoparks Network, with total area of 450 km2 (170 sq mi). The Yandangshan National Forest Park has an area of 841 hectares (2,080 acres), covering Mt. Yandang.Mt. Yandang is known for its natural environment, arising from its vertical rock faces and pinnacles, mountain slopes with forests and bamboo groves, streams, waterfalls and caves. The area also hosts several temples and shrines, many of them with a long history; characteristic for the temples is that many of them are built inside caves or in mouths of caves.Ye Wenling
Ye Wenling (Chinese: 叶文玲; born 4 November 1942) is a Chinese novelist. She was a member of the 6th, 7th and 8th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.