Weifang (simplified Chinese: 潍坊; traditional Chinese: 濰坊; pinyin: Wéifāng) is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong province, People's Republic of China. The city borders Dongying to the northwest, Zibo to the west, Linyi to the southwest, Rizhao to the south, Qingdao to the east, and looks out to the Laizhou Bay to the north. Its population was 9,086,241 at the 2010 census, of whom 2,659,938 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of 4 urban districts (Kuiwen, Weicheng, Hanting and Fangzi) and Changle County largely being urbanized.
Weifang has numerous natural and historic sites, such as Shihu Garden (from the Late Ming and early Qing Dynasty), Fangong Pavilion (from the Song Dynasty), fossil sites (including dinosaur fossils, in Shanwang, Linqu), Mount Yi National Forest Park, Mount Qingyun and the Old Dragon Spring. Painted New Year woodcuts from Yangjiabu are also well known. The city was served by Weifang Airport to various cities across China.
Top to bottom, left to right: Panorama view of Zhucheng area, Arch of Dongfengjie Bridge area, Weifang Kite Museum, Stature of Lu Ban, nearby Weifang People's Park, Fangci historical heritage area
Location of Weifang City jurisdiction in Shandong
Location in China
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Kuiwen District|
|• Party Secretary||Du Changwen|
|• Mayor||Liu Shuguang|
|• Prefecture-level city||16,143.14 km2 (6,232.90 sq mi)|
|• Urban||2,646.1 km2 (1,021.7 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,746.6 km2 (1,446.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||32 m (106 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||9,086,241|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|• Major nationalities||Han Chinese|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
261300, 261500, 262100, 262200, 262400-262700
|ISO 3166 code||CN-SD-07|
|GDP||CNY 478.67 billion (2014)|
|Coastline||113 kilometres (70 mi)|
|Weicheng District||潍城区||Wéichéng Qū|
|Hanting District||寒亭区||Hántíng Qū|
|Fangzi District||坊子区||Fāngzǐ Qū|
|Kuiwen District||奎文区||Kuǐwén Qū|
|Linqu County||临朐县||Línqú Xiàn|
|Changle County||昌乐县||Chānglè Xiàn|
Weifang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with hot, humid summers, and cold but dry winters. Monthly daily average temperatures range from −2.9 °C (26.8 °F) in January to 26.2 °C (79.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 12.49 °C (54.5 °F). More than 70% of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September, and sunshine is generally abundant year-round. A majority of the annual precipitation occurs in July and August alone. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 47% in July to 62% in April, the city receives 2,536 hours of bright sunshine annually, sunshine is abundant except during the summer months.
Established in August 1995, Weifang Binhai Economic & Technological Development Area (BEDA) is a national economic and technological development area approved by the State Council. Covering an area of 677 km2 (261 sq mi), BEDA has a population of 100,000. BEDA possesses a large state-owned industrial land for use with an area of 400 km2 (150 sq mi). BEDA has been accredited as National Demonstration Zone invigorating the Sea by Science and Technology, National Innovation Base for Rejuvenating Trade through Science and Technology and National Demonstration Eco-Industry Park.
In the 1980s, many sapphire deposits were discovered in Changle County. According to released information, billions of carats of sapphire are estimated to lie under an area of 450 km2 (170 sq mi). Mining here has become one of the top four sapphire producers in the world. The main feature of this sapphire is the dark blue or close to black color because of the high iron content.
Weifang is headquarters of the 26th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defense of the Yellow River Plain.
Kite flying is a traditional custom among the people in Weifang in spring time. In 1984, the first international kite festival was held in Weifang. More than ten thousand kite fans attended the opening ceremony. People from eleven different countries and regions, including the United States and Canada, took part in the festival, flying kites. Since then, Weifang holds the Weifang International Kite Festival each year. It is held each April.
Annual Board of Yangjiabu (杨家埠木版年画), one of the three most famous Chinese folk paintings in history, began from the end of the Ming Dynasty. It reached the peak of its development during the Qing Dynasty. People usually replace the old Annual Broads with the new ones on the eve of Spring Festival, which is the most important festival in China, in order to give blessings to the family and friends for the following year. （But WeiFang don't use this tradition now） The subjects of Annual Board of Yangjiabu are various, which include flowers, beauties, landscapes, characters from myths and legends. The architecture skills such as concise lines and bright colors reflect the distinctive characteristics of people in Weifang.
Papercutting, the art of cutting paper designs, has a long history in the city of Gaomi. This widespread handicraft has unique styles, such as strong contrast in color, straight and simple line and exaggerated outline. The characters mostly come from the dramatic stories, flowers and birds, as well as some fantastic symbols.
There are 3 most famous cuisines in Weifang:
In addition, Kong Rong, Fan Zhongyan, Ouyang Xiu, Su Dongpo, Zheng Banqiao, et al. have worked in Weifang historically. Examples of notable individuals from the city in more recent years include Wang Jinmei, Chen Shaomin, Wang Yuanjian, Wang Tongzhao and Zang Kejia.
Anqiu (simplified Chinese: 安丘; traditional Chinese: 安邱; pinyin: Ānqiū) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Weifang in the south of Shandong province, China
The population at the 2010 census was 926,900 even though the built-up area is much smaller.
Part of the Great Wall of Qi begins here, and is listed on the People's Republic of China's list of historical artifacts.Changle County
Changle County (simplified Chinese: 昌乐县; traditional Chinese: 昌樂縣; pinyin: Chānglè Xiàn) is under the administration of Weifang, in Shandong Province. The ancient Kingdom of Beihai (北海) was located to the west of present-day Changle County.Changyi, Shandong
Changyi (Chinese: 昌邑; pinyin: Chāngyì) is a county-level city of Weifang, Shandong province, People's Republic of China. The city is 1627.5 square kilometers in area, with a household population of 581,000 as of 2010. The city is under the administration of the Changyi Municipal People's Government, with 3 neighborhoods, 6 towns, 691 administrative villages, and one special economic development zone. Changyi has a long history that extends back into the Spring and Autumn period.China national under-20 football team
The China national under-20 football team, also known as the China Youth Team (国青队), represents the People's Republic of China in international football competitions in the FIFA U-20 World Cup and the AFC Youth Championship, as well as any other under-20 international football tournaments. It is governed by the Chinese Football Association (CFA).China women's national under-17 football team
The China women's national under-17 football team represents the People's Republic of China in international football competitions in the FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup and the AFC U-16 Women's Championship, as well as any other under-17 women's international football tournaments. It is governed by the Chinese Football Association.Coastal passageway
The Coastal passageway is a high-speed rail corridor running along the eastern coast of China, stretching from Dalian in the north to Fangchenggang in the south and passing through the cities of Qinhuangdao, Tianjin, Dongying, Weifang, Qingdao, Lianyungang, Yancheng, Nantong, Shanghai, Ningbo. Fuzhou, Xiamen, Shenzhen, and Zhanjiang. The Weifang–Qingdao stretch splits into two, one directly connecting Weifang to Qingdao, the other connecting Weifang to Qingdao through Yantai. Announced in 2016 as part of the national "eight vertical and eight horizontal" high-speed railway network as an expanded Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen passenger railway from the "four vertical and four horizontal" plan. The line will comprise a mixture of high-speed railway lines, upgraded conventional rail lines and intercity railways.Fangzi District
Fangzi (Chinese: 坊子; pinyin: Fāngzǐ) is a district of the city of Weifang, Shandong province, China. It has an area of 345.55 km2 (133.42 sq mi) and around 239,500 inhabitants (2003).Gaomi
Gaomi (Chinese: 高密市; pinyin: Gāomì Shì) is a county-level city of eastern Shandong province, China, under the administration of Weifang City. It is the hometown of writer and 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature winner Mo Yan, who has set some of his stories in the region.Hanting District
Hanting (Chinese: 寒亭区; pinyin: Hántíng Qū) is an urban district of the city of Weifang, Shandong province, China, bordering the Laizhou Bay in its far north.Kuiwen District
Kuiwen (Chinese: 奎文; pinyin: Kuíwén) is an urban district of the city of Weifang, Shandong province, China. It has an area of 71 km2 (27 sq mi) and around 339,000 inhabitants (2003).Li Dongsheng
Li Dongsheng (simplified Chinese: 李东生; traditional Chinese: 李東生; pinyin: Lǐ Dōngshēng; born in December 1955 in Zhucheng, Weifang, Shandong) was a Vice Minister of China's Ministry of Public Security and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. He oversaw the office in charge of suppressing the Falun Gong and other banned spiritual groups. Considered an associate of Zhou Yongkang, Li was investigated for corruption in 2013 and charged with abuse of power and bribery. In 2016, he was sentenced to 15 years in prison.Linqu County
Linqu County (simplified Chinese: 临朐县; traditional Chinese: 臨朐縣; pinyin: Línqú Xiàn) is a county located in the southwest of Weifang and the middle of Shandong Peninsula, Shandong Province, China. It covers an area of 1,834 km2 (708 sq mi) and governs 937 villages which were grouped into eight townships and two subdistricts . Linqu has a population of 0.85 million.
With a long history of over 2000 years since its establishment in the West Han Dynasty, Linqu is well known for its beautiful sceneries and rich cultures, such as traditional operas, brush paintings and calligraphy, rare rock arts, Mount Yi National Forest Park, Shanwang National Geography Park, Old Dragon Spring and Shimenfang Park. Its over 210 archeology sites include Dawenkou culture and Longshan culture relics.Qingzhou
Qingzhou (Chinese: 青州; pinyin: Qīngzhōu), formerly Yidu County (Yitu) (益都县), is a county-level city, which is located in the west of the prefecture-level city of Weifang, in the central part of Shandong Province, China. Qingzhou is a dynamic industry city, and also grows a great number of farm products. The local government holds an open policy of introduction of foreign capital, and has established strong business relationships with more than fifty countries and regions.Shouguang
Shouguang (simplified Chinese: 寿光; traditional Chinese: 壽光; pinyin: Shòuguāng) is a county-level city in the north-central part of Shandong Province, China, situated on the southwest shore of the Laizhou Bay. Under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Weifang, it has 1,139,454 people residing within the municipality and its surrounding towns and villages as of the 2010 Census, even though the built-up (or metro) area is much smaller.Weicheng District, Weifang
Weicheng District (simplified Chinese: 潍城区; traditional Chinese: 濰城區; pinyin: Wéichéng Qū) is a district of Weifang, Shandong, China. Weicheng has an area of 272.3 km2 (105.1 sq mi) and around 368,200 inhabitants (2003).Weifang Airport
Weifang Airport is an airport in Weifang, Shandong, People’s Republic of China (IATA: WEF, ICAO: ZSWF).Weifang Medical University
Weifang Medical University (WMU; Chinese: 潍坊医学院; pinyin: Wéifāng Yīxuéyuàn) is a medical university based in Weifang, Shandong province, China.Xu Qiliang
Xu Qiliang (Chinese: 许其亮; pinyin: Xǔ Qíliàng; born March 1950) is an air force general in the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of the People's Republic of China. He currently serves as Vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, and was Commander of the PLAAF from 2007 to 2012.Zhucheng
Zhucheng (simplified Chinese: 诸城; traditional Chinese: 諸城; pinyin: Zhūchéng) is a county-level city in the southeast of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Weifang City and had at the 2010 census a population of 1,086,222 even though its built-up (or metro) area is much smaller.
|Climate data for Weifang (1971–2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||3.1
|Average low °C (°F)||−7.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||7.0
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||3.4||3.9||4.0||5.6||6.4||8.4||12.5||10.2||6.8||5.9||4.8||3.7||75.6|
|Average relative humidity (%)||63||61||58||58||62||66||80||81||73||69||67||64||67|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||176.4||176.1||215.6||241.9||267.7||241.8||208.8||221.1||222.9||211.5||179.6||172.9||2,536.3|
|Percent possible sunshine||58||58||58||62||61||55||47||53||60||61||59||58||57|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|