Wealden is a local government district in East Sussex, England: its name comes from the Weald, the remnant forest which was once unbroken and occupies much of the centre and north of this area. The term is cognate with Wald, forest or wood in German.
Wealden shown within East Sussex
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Non-metropolitan county||East Sussex|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||Wealden District Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• MPs||Stephen Lloyd (LD) |
Maria Caulfield (Cons)
Nusrat Ghani (Cons)
Huw Merriman (Cons)
|• Total||322.4 sq mi (835.0 km2)|
|Area rank||44th (of 317)|
|• Rank||122nd (of 317)|
|• Density||500/sq mi (190/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||98.3% White|
|Time zone||UTC0 (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
|ONS code||21UH (ONS)|
|OS grid reference|
Wealden District was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the Hailsham and Uckfield Rural District Councils (RDCs), both set up under the Local Government Act 1894, which also revived the parish councils.
Wealden District Council is elected every 4 years, with the Conservative party having had a majority on the council since the first election in 1973, apart from a couple of years after 1995 when no party had a majority. As of the last election in 2019 the council is composed of the following councillors:- 
The district is second-level in local government, responsible for town and country planning and domestic rubbish and recycling collections, for example. There are 45 members of the Council, representing 41 wards.The towns have more than one ward: Crowborough has six; Hailsham, seven; Heathfield and Waldron, five; Uckfield, five; and Polegate, three. The ward boundaries are regularly redrawn in an attempt to maintain a standard number of electors per councillor. They are at 2007:
|Ward||Population (2007)||Councillors||Electors per councillor|
|Buxted and Maresfield||5052||2||2526|
|Chiddingly and East Hoathly||2934||1||2934|
|Cross in Hand/Five Ashes||2291||1||2291|
|Crowborough Jarvis Brook||2698||1||2698|
|Crowborough St. Johns||2262||1||2262|
|Hailsham Central and North||5591||2||2795|
|Hailsham South and West||8401||3||2800|
|Heathfield North and Central||7832||3||2610|
|Ninfield and Hooe with Wartling||2362||1||2362|
|Pevensey and Westham||8981||3||2993|
|Uckfield New Town||2604||1||2604|
|Parish||Type||Area (sq mi)||Population (2007)||Pop Density /sq mi|
|Chalvington with Ripe||Parish Council||4.3||1082||252.0|
|Cuckmere Valley||Parish Council||6.8||197||28.9|
|East Dean and Friston||Parish Council||3.3||1577||474.9|
|East Hoathly with Halland||Parish Council||5.8||1343||229.9|
|Forest Row||Parish Council||12.6||5054||402.4|
|Hadlow Down||Parish Council||6.6||715||109.1|
|Heathfield and Waldron||Parish Council||20.4||11514||564.5|
|Little Horsted||Parish Meeting||4.1||168||40.8|
|Long Man||Parish Council||6.2||412||66.2|
|Mayfield and Five Ashes||Parish Council||16.4||3562||217.6|
|Willingdon and Jevington||Parish Council||4.1||6156||1511.3|
Wealden District covers two main upland areas: the section of the High Weald within East Sussex; and the eastern end of the South Downs, between which lies the Vale of Sussex, its lowlands of which are named the Pevensey Levels. The River Ouse, some of the tributaries of which originate in the district, is the border with the Lewes District; and the River Cuckmere is wholly in Wealden. The English Channel to the south is interrupted by Eastbourne. The River Rother rises on the Weald and flows easterly to the east of Rye Bay. The Wealden basin contains significant reserves of shale oil, totalling 4.4 billion barrels of oil in Wealden and surrounding areas according to a 2014 study, which then Business and Energy Minister Michael Fallon said "will bring jobs and business opportunities" and significantly help with UK energy self-sufficiency. Fracking in the area is required to achieve these objectives, which has been opposed by environmental groups.
The district has the highest proportion of home ownership of the 37 local authorities in Surrey, Sussex and Kent: combining the social (housing association and local authority provided) and private rented sectors, Brighton and Hove's returns recorded in 2011 that its rented sector comprised 44.4% of its housing, whereas 18.8% of Wealden's residents rented their homes. Neighbouring Rother has a marginally higher proportion of homes owned outright, 3.1% greater and a greater rented sector.
|Form of home ownership in Surrey, Sussex and Kent compared|
|Local Authority||Owned||Owned with a loan||Socially rented||Privately rented||Other||Shared ownership|
|Epsom and Ewell||36.8||40.2||8.1||13.3||0.9||0.8|
|Reigate and Banstead||33.2||39.9||11.9||12.9||1.2||0.9|
|Tonbridge and Malling||32.6||38.6||16.1||10.1||1.5||1.1|
|Folkestone and Hythe||35.3||29.5||11.2||22.2||0.5||1.3|
|Brighton and Hove||23.4||29.9||14.9||29.5||0.9||1.3|
The major trunk road is the A22, London to Eastbourne; it is crossed by the A26 Maidstone–Lewes road at Uckfield; and the A267 Tunbridge Wells to Eastbourne road. There are also three west-east roads: the A259 coastal route; next inland is the A27 Pevensey–Brighton trunk road; and further to the north the A272 cross-country route to Winchester.
The East Coastway Line, serving Eastbourne and Hastings, uses the Vale of Sussex and has two station serving different sides of Pevensey in the district, which forms a generally suburban conurbation with Westham and a largely rural holiday and visitor coastline, Pevensey Bay. The other railway line is the Uckfield Branch Line from London Bridge.
Long-distance footpaths include the:
Major landmarks include the Seven Sisters and Cuckmere Haven along the coast; and the Long Man of Wilmington together with all of the paths over the South Downs National Park. Roman fortified hills can be found in the north of the area and Uckfield has a large architectural conservation area.
Sheffield Park Garden is an informal landscape garden now owned by the National Trust but laid out by Capability Brown. Near to this is its terminus, of the Bluebell Railway a heritage, steam railway line.
The 1999 Wealden District Council election took place on 6 May 1999 to elect members of Wealden District Council in East Sussex, England. The whole council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.2003 Wealden District Council election
The 2003 Wealden District Council election took place on 1 May 2003 to elect members of Wealden District Council in East Sussex, England. The whole council was up for election with boundary changes since the last election in 1999 reducing the number of seats by 3. The Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.2007 Wealden District Council election
The 2007 Wealden District Council election took place on 3 May 2007 to elect members of Wealden District Council in East Sussex, England. The whole council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.2011 Wealden District Council election
The 2011 Wealden District Council election took place on 5 May 2011 to elect members of Wealden District Council in East Sussex, England. The whole council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.2015 Wealden District Council election
The 2015 Wealden District Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of the Wealden District Council in England. It was held on the same day as other local elections.2019 Wealden District Council election
The 2019 Wealden District Council election took place on 2 May 2019 to elect all members of Wealden District Council in England. Due to new ward boundaries, the number of total seats was reduced to 45 seats, elected from 41 wards.Alciston
Alciston is a village and civil parish in the Wealden district of East Sussex, England. It is inland, just off the A27 road, about ten miles (16 km) north-west of Eastbourne and seven miles (11 km) east of Lewes. The ecclesiastical parish is linked with that of Selmeston and Berwick.
Saxon in origin, its name was then Aelfsige; it is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The present 14th-century church, of unknown dedication, is built of chalk from the nearby South Downs. There is a large medieval tithe barn in the village. It is 170 feet (52 m) long and is the largest in Sussex.
Every Good Friday, the road outside the Rose Cottage Inn is closed for the villagers to take part in a traditional skipping contest.Buxted
Buxted is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex in England. The parish is situated on the Weald, north of Uckfield; the settlements of Five Ash Down, Heron's Ghyll, Hadlow Down and High Hurstwood are included within its boundaries. At one time its importance lay in the Wealden iron industry, and later it became commercially important in the poultry and egg industry.The village has both road (the high street is also the A272) and rail links to Uckfield and to London via Oxted.Danehill, East Sussex
Danehill (also known as Dane Hill) is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. The village is located on the border with West Sussex, five miles (8 km) north-east of Haywards Heath, and on the edge of the Ashdown Forest. Other places within the parish include the village of Chelwood Gate and the hamlets of Furner's Green and Twyford.
The Prime Meridian passes through the middle of Danehill.
There are no major industries within the parish. One tourist attraction is the Ashdown Forest Llama Park which is located within the parish. The Cats Protection has its head office, The National Cat Centre, in the parish.
The 2007 estimated population for the parish is 1,927, increasing to 1,957 at the 2011 census.Frant
Frant is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England, on the Kentish border about three miles (5 km) south of Royal Tunbridge Wells.
When the iron industry was at its height, much of the village was owned by ironmasters. Smuggling occurred here in the 17th and 18th centuries; and one of the turnpike roads (now the A267) came through here at that time.Frant church is dedicated to St Alban; and there is a church school. St Alban's Frant was a major surveying point for the Anglo-French Survey (1784–1790) calculating the precise distance and relationship between the Paris Observatory and the Royal Greenwich Observatory, undertaken by General William Roy.
There are three public houses in the parish: The Abergavenny Arms on the A267 in Frant, The George Inn in the High Street and The Brecknock Arms at Bells Yew Green. The George Inn plays host to the Sloe Gin World Championships each December, which attracts entries from around the globe. Col. John By, Royal Engineer heading the Rideau Canal project, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1826–1832, is buried here. He was also the builder of Bytown, which became Ottawa, the capital of Canada.Gun Hill, East Sussex
Gun Hill is a hamlet in the civil parish of Chiddingly in the Wealden district of East Sussex, England. It is one of the seven hills of the parish in which it stands. Its nearest town is Uckfield, which lies approximately 7 miles (11 km) north-west from the village. The hamlet is where Wealden and Wealdway cheeses are produced.Hellingly
Hellingly (pronounced 'Helling-lye') is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England.Isfield
Isfield is a small village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex in England, located north-east of Lewes.Laughton, East Sussex
Laughton is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. The village is located five miles (8 km) east of Lewes, at a junction on the minor road to Hailsham (B2124). It appears in the Domesday Book, and there are Roman remains nearby.
Education is provided at the Laughton Community Primary School. The parish church is dedicated to All Saints. The Roebuck Inn, on the Lewes Road, provides accommodation and foodList of Parliamentary constituencies in East Sussex
The ceremonial county of East Sussex,
(which includes the unitary authority of
Brighton & Hove)
is divided into 8 Parliamentary constituencies
- 4 Borough constituencies
and 4 County constituencies.Long Man
Long Man is a civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England which includes the villages of Wilmington, Milton Street and Folkington. The parish is named after the Long Man of Wilmington, a 69.2-metre (227 ft) chalk figure in the parish.
The parish extends far from the left bank of the modest River Cuckmere where it starts to cut through the South Downs; after it is Cuckmere Valley immediately south. The A27 trunk road crosses the parish from west to east. The Wealdway long distance footpath also passes through the parish.Richard Jones (The Feeling)
Richard Jones is a British musician.Selmeston
Selmeston is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. It is located eight miles (13 km) east of Lewes, to the north of the A27 road between there and Polegate.
The church existed at the time of its mention in the Domesday Book; it is dedicated to St Mary. The ecclesiastical parish is linked with the village of Alciston.
The Labour politician John C Wilmot (1895–1964) took his title of Baron from the village.Wealden District Council elections
Wealden District Council in East Sussex, England is elected every four years. From 2003 until the election in 2019, 55 councillors were elected from 35 wards. From 2019, 45 councillors have been elected from 41 wards.
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