Waze

Waze (/weɪz/; formerly FreeMap Israel) is a GPS navigation software app owned by Google. It works on smartphones and tablet computers that have GPS support. It provides turn-by-turn navigation information and user-submitted travel times and route details, while downloading location-dependent information over a mobile telephone network. Waze describes its app as a community-driven GPS navigation app, which is free to download and use.

The Israeli company Waze Mobile developed the Waze software. Ehud Shabtai, Amir Shinar and Uri Levine founded the company. Two Israeli venture capital firms, Magma and Vertex, and an early-stage American venture capital firm, Bluerun Ventures, provided funding. Google acquired Waze Mobile in 2013.

In 2013, the GSM Association, a trade association of mobile network operators, gave Waze the Best Overall Mobile App award at the association's Mobile World Congress exhibition.[6]

Waze
Logo for waze
Original author(s)Waze Mobile
Developer(s)Google
Initial release2006 (as FreeMap Israel)
Stable release(s)
Android4.49.0.3 / March 6, 2019[1]
iOS4.49 / March 5, 2019[2]
Preview release(s)
Android4.49.0.2 / March 4, 2019[3]
iOS4.48.0.1 / February 4, 2019[4]
RepositorySource code
Available in40 languages[5]
TypeGPS navigation software
LicenseCommercial proprietary software
Websitewaze.com

History

Development

In 2006, FreeMap Israel was a project founded and developed by Israeli programmer Ehud Shabtai as a community project, which aimed to create, with the crowd sourcing assistance of community users, a free digital database of the map of Israel in Hebrew, and to ensure its free content, update and distribution.[7] In 2008, Shabtai formed a company called Waze to commercialize the project.[8] The company name was changed to Waze Mobile Ltd in 2009.

In December 2011, Waze employed 80 people, composed of 70 at Ra'anana, Israel and 10 in Palo Alto, California.[9][10][11][12]

In 2010, the company raised $25 million in the second round of funding.[13]

In 2011, the company, which planned to monetize through location-based advertising and to expand into Asia, raised an additional $30 million in financing.[14]

In 2011, the app was updated to display real-time, community-curated points of interest, including local events such as street fairs and protests.[15]

As of January 2012, the app had been downloaded 12 million times worldwide.[14][16] In July 2012, Waze announced that it had reached 20 million users, half of them recruited in the previous six months.[17] According to Yahoo! there were nearly 50 million Waze users as of June 2013.[18]

In June 2012, Waze launched an update to provide real-time fuel prices. As with all Waze real-time updates, prices are submitted by users; however, this feature is not available in all countries.[19]

Since November 2012, in monetizing its app, Waze has offered resellers and advertisers a web interface to advertise based on location, where a small icon appears when a phone is at a particular location, prompting the user to engage.[20] It also offers to TV news stations a web interface to broadcast current traffic reports and alerts directly from the Waze app; the service had been used by 25 U.S. TV news stations by June 2013.[21] It has also been used in Rio de Janeiro inside Centro de Operações Rio (Rio's Operations Center) since July 24, 2013,[22] as well as in New York and New Jersey since 2012.

In June 2013, Waze introduced a global localization project that enables future road closures and real-time traffic updates during major events in a given country, for example Tour de France.[23]

Google subsidiary (2013–present)

Google bought Waze for $966 million in 2013 to add social data to its mapping business. Waze's 100 employees received about $1.2 million on average, the largest payout to employees in Israeli high tech.[24]

In June 2013, the United States Federal Trade Commission started considering whether Google's purchase of Waze might violate competition law[25] – Waze was one of very few competitors in the mobile mapping sector to Google's own Google Maps. The FTC decided that it would not challenge Google's acquisition of Waze.[26] The UK Office of Fair Trading and the Israel Antitrust Authority also investigated it and allowed the acquisition.[27][28][29]

Google filed a "10-Q" form with the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) stating that the Waze acquisition cost $966 million.

In March 2017, Spotify announced its partnership with Waze to give an integrated experience where Wazers could play music on Spotify directly from Waze app and get Waze directions on Spotify app on the Android platform. Six months later, the feature was made available on the iOS platform.[30][31]

In May 2017, Waze introduced the ability for users to record their own voice navigation prompts.[32]

In August 2018, Waze introduced Android Auto support.[33]

In September 2018, Waze introduced Apple CarPlay support after Apple released iOS 12.[34]

In October 2018, Waze announced its partnership with Pandora, Deezer, iHeart Radio, NPR One, Scribd, Stitcher, and TuneIn for Waze Audio Player which Spotify has been Waze inaugural partner. However, Android users won't be able to link Deezer, and iOS users won't have access to Pandora, NPR, or TuneIn when Waze announced its partnership in Medium suggesting joining its beta program to be able to use mentioned services.[35]

In January 2019, Waze begin using Google Play beta testing system which announced through email for its Waze centercode users.[36]

Overview

Waze 4.3 iPhone app
The Waze app on iOS with visible users, traffic volume, and user-submitted reports

Waze collects map data, travel times and traffic information from users and transmits it to the Waze server, at no cost to Waze.[37] Waze users ("Wazers") can report accidents, traffic jams, speed and police traps, and, from the online map editor, can update roads, landmarks, house numbers, etc. Waze sends anonymous information, including users' speed and location, back to its database to improve the service as a whole.

Based on the information collected, Waze is then in a position to provide routing and real-time traffic updates. Waze can also identify the cheapest fuel station near a user or along their route, provided Waze has enabled fuel prices for that country.

Waze can be used anywhere in the world but requires enough initial users to create the maps and continuously update data to make it useful. Currently, only 13 countries have a full base map; the others are incompletely mapped, requiring users to record roads and edit maps.

Waze offers turn-by-turn voice navigation, real-time traffic, and other location-specific alerts. Waze encourages users to report traffic or road hazards by offering points.[38] Add-ons expand the functions and personalize this interaction with the app. For example, add-ons can integrate Foursquare and Facebook friends to Waze or notify the user when driving through a high-crime area.[39]

In 2017, an option was added for motorcycle users, as well as specialized routes for people eligible to drive in carpool lanes.[40]

OS support

Waze supports Android and iPhone, while Symbian, BlackBerry 10 (except BlackBerry Q10),[41] Windows Phone 8[42] and Windows Mobile from version 5[43] were deprecated. In July 2013, Waze said they planned to support both iPhone and Android and would consider supporting new platforms. As older platforms (Symbian, WM, BlackBerry) do not support either a full native UI or other application programming interfaces they rely on, they claimed they could not support them anymore, although existing versions would continue to work.[44]

Interaction with government

Waze invented and initiated the connected citizens program (CCP), a free data sharing program used by over 200 governments, departments of transportation and municipalities for traffic analysis, road planning, and emergency workforce dispatching.[45] Waze both contributes to government data and also collects government data to use.

In 2014, Rio de Janeiro started collecting data for its traffic management system. Rio collects real-time data both from drivers who use the Waze navigation app and pedestrians who use the public-transportation app Moovit. Rio was also talking to the owners of cycling app Strava to monitor movements of cyclists. It was noted that though initially the data the apps were sharing was all anonymous, more specific identifying details were possible, if people agreed to being monitored through their smartphones if they saw benefits for them.[46]

Criticism

Concerns have been expressed that the app located on smartphones can be used to monitor movements by identifiable individuals.[46]

Some road-safety advocates have voiced concern over the prospect of more drivers using Waze, which they say has the potential to distract them with a flurry of icons and notifications and put them at greater risk of an accident.[47]

In March 2014, a successful attempt was made by students from Technion-Israel Institute of Technology to fake a traffic jam.[48]

In December 2014, in a letter sent to Google, Los Angeles Police Department Chief Charlie Beck complained about the police locator feature, claiming it could be "misused by those with criminal intent to endanger police officers and the community". It was alleged that Ismaaiyl Brinsley, who shot and killed two NYPD officers that month, had used the Waze app prior to the murders and had posted a screenshot from the app on his Instagram account hours before the shootings, but that was unsubstantiated as the post was made 3 weeks prior to the shootings.[49] Users are able to mark the presence of an officer with a small icon and indicate if the officer is visible or hidden. The LAPD, among other police agencies, pressured Google to disable the feature on the application. Google states that knowing the whereabouts of an officer promotes safer driving.[50][51]

In April 2018, Waze was criticized for rerouting traffic to Baxter Street in Echo Park, Los Angeles, which is one of the steepest hills in the city, having a 32% grade. This led to crashes and spin-outs in a neighbourhood with an elementary school and was finally dealt with by the LA municipality which simply made the street one-way.[52][53]

Patents and licensing

Waze Mobile Ltd holds several patents, including:

  • U.S. Patent 7,936,284. System and method for parking time estimations. Issued May 3, 2011
  • U.S. Patent 8,271,057. Condition-based activation, shut-down and management of applications of mobile devices. Issued September 18, 2012
  • U.S. Patent 8,612,136. System and method for roadmap creation. Issued December 17, 2013, with priority date of August 27, 2008. This patent was mentioned in the class action suit filed in 2014.

The Waze v2.x software was distributed under GNU General Public License v2, which did not extend to map data.[54] FreeMap[55] data was not published under open content licenses even before the shift to Waze project. Ehud Shabtai who initiated and developed Freemap and Waze continuously insisted to crowdsource data without using external sources or projects like OpenStreetMap that would restrict commercialization of the Waze map data.[56] Starting with Waze v3 the application was rewritten and as such switched to a proprietary license.[57] The last open-source client version for the iPhone and Android is 2.4.0.0, and for Windows Mobile 2.0.[58][59]

A class action suit was filed in March 2014 by accountant Roey Gorodish against Waze, claiming intellectual property violation for the use of open-source FreeMap map and code from the open-source RoadMap software,[60] a project that Ehud Shabtai had contributed for the Windows PocketPC version in 2006.[61][62][63] The lawsuit was dismissed on March 5, 2017 with a clear cut decision that there was no basis for a class action suit in this case. The lawsuit was dismissed again with final verdict given by the Israeli Supreme Court on 28 January 2019.[64]

Crowdsourcing

One of the unique aspects of Waze is the ability to direct users based on crowdsourced information. Waze users are able to report a multitude of traffic-related incidents from accidents to police traps. This data is used by Waze to help other users either by alerting them of the condition ahead or even rerouting the user to avoid the area entirely. In addition to user input, Waze also relies on information from state agencies for traffic events such as road construction. The idea behind this is, the more people who provide data the more accurate it will be.[65]

In addition to using crowdsourced information for traffic alerts, Waze also allows registered users to modify the map data itself through the Waze Map Editor. Map editors are allowed to make changes to the map based on where they have driven while using Waze as well as their rank which is based on how many map edits a user has made.

See also

References

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  2. ^ Waze Inc. (March 5, 2019). "Waze Navigation & Live Traffic". App Store. Apple. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  3. ^ "Waze - GPS, Maps, Traffic Alerts & Live Navigation APKs". APKMirror. Android Police. March 4, 2019. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  4. ^ "New Member Sign-Up". waze.centercode.com. Retrieved 2019-02-04.
  5. ^ "Waze localization". Transifex. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  6. ^ Hoffman, Tzahi (February 27, 2013). "Waze wins Best Mobile App award in Barcelona". Globes. Rishon Le-Zion, Israel: Globes Publisher Itonut (1983) Ltd. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
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  12. ^ Singh, Sukasha (March 16, 2012). "Social network paves the Waze". TechCentral. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  13. ^ Waze revs up crowdsourced driving app with $25M. Venturebeat. December 7, 2010
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  17. ^ Lardinois, Frederic. July 5, 2012. "Waze Doubles Its User Base To 20 Million in 6 Months."
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  29. ^ Waze - News - GCR - Global Competition Review Global Competition Review
  30. ^ "Spotify + Waze Partnership". Spotify. March 15, 2017. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
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  32. ^ "How to record your own voice for Waze navigation". CNET. May 11, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  33. ^ "Same Waze, Bigger Screen: Waze for Android Auto is Here". Medium. August 10, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  34. ^ "Waze for Apple CarPlay is Here". Medium. September 25, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  35. ^ "7 Partners join the Waze Audio Player Family". Medium. October 29, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  36. ^ "Sign in - Google Accounts". accounts.google.com. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
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  52. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pnpFRxUACdo&t=1s
  53. ^ "On one of L.A.'s steepest streets, an app-driven frenzy of spinouts, confusion and crashes".
  54. ^ "Waze Terms of Use". Waze. May 31, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
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  57. ^ "Waze вече няма да е под GPL. Затваря си сорс кода. " Корабен дневник на MiCRoPhoBIC". Tonev.net. June 30, 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-01-04. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
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External links

Bump n' Grind (R. Kelly song)

"Bump n' Grind" is a song by American R&B singer R. Kelly. It was released on January 25, 1994 as the second single from his debut solo studio album 12 Play (1993). The track became a number one single on the US Billboard Hot 100 (temporarily interrupting the six-week run of Ace of Base's "The Sign"), and it also spent twelve weeks at number one on the US Hot R&B Songs chart as Kelly's third number-one R&B hit, becoming the longest-running number-one of 1994 in the US, and the longest-running R&B single at that time. The song also reached number eight on the UK Singles Chart, following the massive success of his previous single, "She's Got That Vibe" (which was actually a re-release).

Kelly released three versions of "Bump n' Grind": the original album version and two remixes. The original LP version was made available for airplay on urban and Top 40 pop radio stations alike at first, but eventually the "Old School" remix was issued shortly and gained massive airplay on urban, adult R&B/soul and rhythmic radio stations. Kelly also released the "Bump n' Grind (How I Feel It Extended Mix)", which was used in the original video for the song. This version received major play on urban radio as well. Some stations still play the original version to this day.

Google litigation

Google has been involved in multiple lawsuits over issues such as privacy, advertising, intellectual property and various Google services such as Google Books and YouTube. The company's legal department expanded from one to nearly 100 lawyers in the first five years of business, and by 2014 had grown to around 400 lawyers. Google's Chief Legal Officer is Senior Vice President of Corporate Development David Drummond

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The Ipoh North–Ipoh South Local Express Lane, or Jalan Jelapang–Ampang (based on Waze social GPS-map applications), Federal Route 239 (northbound) and 240 (southbounds), are toll-free local-express lanes in the North–South Expressway Northern Route E1 in Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.There are five interchange along the local express lane, Jelapang, Meru Raya, Ipoh North, Ipoh South and Tambun.

Sachin Waze

Sachin Hindurao Waze (Marathi: सचिन वझे) (born 22 February 1972) is a former police officer of the Maharashtra Police Force of India. Vaze is known as an "encounter specialist" with the Mumbai Encounter Squad and was involved with the deaths of as many as 63 alleged criminals. Vaze joined Maharashtra Police Force in 1990 and he resigned on 30 November 2007. He had killed several gangsters of the top criminal organisations like Chhota Rajan and Dawood Ibrahim's D-Company.

WAZE-TV

WAZE-TV is the call sign of a defunct television station licensed to Madisonville, Kentucky, United States, which served the Evansville, Indiana television market from 1983 to 2013. The station was an affiliate of The CW Television Network. It broadcast a digital signal on UHF channel 20 (or virtual channel 19 via PSIP) from a transmitter in Hanson, Kentucky. On March 24, 2011, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) canceled WAZE's license for failure to construct its full-power digital facility.The station continued to broadcast via low-powered translators WAZE-LP (channel 17), WJPS-LP (channel 4) and WIKY-LP (channel 5), all licensed to Evansville, until January 2013, when all three were shut down. They served as in-town relays of the main signal. WAZE's transmitter was located farther south than the other major Evansville stations because of FCC regulations requiring a station's transmitter to be no more than 15 miles (24 km) from the city of license—in this case, Madisonville, which is 50 miles (80 km) south of Evansville. As a result, despite its 2.7 million watt ERP, the channel 19 signal provided only a grade B ("rimshot") signal to Evansville itself, and was practically unviewable north and east of the city.

The station relied on cable and satellite coverage to reach most of its viewing area. However, many cable carriers in the market (particularly on the Indiana side) did not carry it.

WJPS-LP and WIKY-LP's licenses have since been deleted. WAZE-LP continued to operate as an Ion Television owned-and-operated station, owned by Ion Media Networks. WAZE-LP broadcast in analog only; there were no plans to convert the station to digital. Due to this and Ion's inability to trigger must-carry on local providers due to said low-power status, Ion eventually decided to pursue other methods for full distribution across the Evansville market. The first is a sub-lease of the fourth digital subchannel of WTVW (channel 7), from station owner Mission Broadcasting and SSA partner Nexstar Media Group. The second is the carriage of Ion's national feed on Spectrum channels 37 and 270 in Evansville, along with the major satellite providers (Wide Open West does not carry the network at all on its local systems). The license for WAZE-LP has been canceled and its call sign deleted as of December 15, 2017.

Waze

Waze (; formerly FreeMap Israel) is a GPS navigation software app owned by Google. It works on smartphones and tablet computers that have GPS support. It provides turn-by-turn navigation information and user-submitted travel times and route details, while downloading location-dependent information over a mobile telephone network. Waze describes its app as a community-driven GPS navigation app, which is free to download and use.

The Israeli company Waze Mobile developed the Waze software. Ehud Shabtai, Amir Shinar and Uri Levine founded the company. Two Israeli venture capital firms, Magma and Vertex, and an early-stage American venture capital firm, Bluerun Ventures, provided funding. Google acquired Waze Mobile in 2013.

In 2013, the GSM Association, a trade association of mobile network operators, gave Waze the Best Overall Mobile App award at the association's Mobile World Congress exhibition.

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