Wayne G. Hammond

Wayne G. Hammond (Wayne Gordon Hammond; born February 11, 1953 in Cleveland, Ohio) is a scholar known for his research and writings on the works of J. R. R. Tolkien.[1][2] He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree with Honors as an English major at Baldwin-Wallace College in 1975 and Master of Arts in Library Science from the University of Michigan in 1976. From August 1976 to June 2015 he was Assistant Librarian of the Chapin Library of Rare Books at Williams College, and in July 2015 was promoted to Chapin Librarian.

In 1994 Hammond married fellow Tolkien scholar Christina Scull and the two have since collaborated on several projects.

Tolkien-related publications

Other publications

  • 1982 The Graphic Art of C.B. Falls: An Introduction
  • 2000 Arthur Ransome: A Bibliography

See also


  1. ^ Mitchell, Philip Irving. "A Beginner's Guide to Tolkien Criticism". Dallas Baptist University. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  2. ^ "A Select Bibliography of Works about John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973)". St. Bonaventure University. Retrieved 24 July 2012.

External links


In J. R. R. Tolkien's fictional Middle-earth, Anduin is the Sindarin name for the Great River of Wilderland, the longest river in the Third Age (the original Sindarin name means Long River). The ancestors of the Rohirrim called it Langflood. It flowed from its sources in the Grey and Misty Mountains to the Mouths of Anduin (Ethir Anduin) in the Great Sea (Belegaer). In her Atlas of Middle-earth, Karen Wynn Fonstad estimates a total length of 1,388 miles (2,233 km).

The Great River first appeared in print in The Hobbit, where it is an obstacle to Bilbo Baggins (the titular protagonist) and his companions. In The Lord of the Rings, the Fellowship travels down Anduin in Elven-boats for nine days.

Christina Scull

Christina Scull (born 6 March 1942 in Bristol, England) is a researcher and writer best known for her books about the works of J. R. R. Tolkien. She worked for the London Board of Trade from 1961 to 1971 while completing her Bachelor of Arts degree in art history and medieval history at Birkbeck College. From 1971 to 1995 she served as Librarian of the Sir John Soane's Museum in London.

Scull married Wayne G. Hammond in 1994 and has subsequently collaborated with him on several projects.

Douglas A. Anderson

Douglas Allen Anderson (born 1959) is a writer and editor on the subjects of fantasy and medieval literature, specializing in textual analysis of the works of J. R. R. Tolkien.

His first published book was The Annotated Hobbit (1988), which grew out of a study of the revisions made by Tolkien to the various editions of The Hobbit following the publication of The Lord of the Rings. The Annotated Hobbit won the Mythopoeic Award for scholarship. A revised edition was published in 2002.

Anderson's textual studies of The Lord of the Rings are the core of the Houghton Mifflin revised American edition of 1987, incorporating various changes made to British editions at Tolkien's direction. He also contributed a "Note on the Text" discussing the history of these changes, which was subsequently incorporated into later editions with various minor revisions.

With Verlyn Flieger and Michael D. C. Drout, he is co-editor of Tolkien Studies: An Annual Scholarly Review, (Volume 1, 2004; Volume 2, 2005; Volume 3, 2006; Volume 4, 2007; Volume 5, 2008; and Volume 6, 2009).

Anderson has also edited modern editions of works by other fantasists including Leonard Cline, Kenneth Morris, Evangeline Walton and William Hope Hodgson.

Farmer Giles of Ham

Farmer Giles of Ham is a comic Medieval fable written by J. R. R. Tolkien in 1937 and published in 1949. The story describes the encounters between Farmer Giles and a wily dragon named Chrysophylax, and how Giles manages to use these to rise from humble beginnings to rival the king of the land. It is cheerfully anachronistic and light-hearted, set in Britain in an imaginary period of the Dark Ages, and featuring mythical creatures, medieval knights, and primitive firearms. It is only tangentially connected with the author's Middle-earth legendarium: both were originally intended as essays in "English mythology".

The book was originally illustrated by Pauline Baynes. The story has appeared with other works by Tolkien in omnibus editions, including The Tolkien Reader and Tales from the Perilous Realm.

Tolkien dedicated Farmer Giles of Ham to Cyril Hackett Wilkinson (1888-1960), a don he knew at Oxford University.


In J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, Isengard () is a large fortress in the fictional universe of Middle-earth. It is a translation of the term Angrenost from the fictional language of Sindarin. Both terms mean "iron fortress" (cf. German: Eisen and Old English: īsen, meaning "iron"; Old English: geard, "enclosure"). Additionally, Isengard can mean "West Guard".Orthanc, the great tower at the centre of Isengard, is one of the titular towers in The Two Towers (the second volume of The Lord of the Rings). The tower holds a palantír, a magical crystal ball, and is the residence of Saruman, a Wizard, at the time in which The Lord of the Rings is set. In the story, Isengard is the focus of several chapters; it is stormed by Ents, and visited by some of the Fellowship of the Ring.

Tolkien made a number of detailed sketches of Isengard and Orthanc as he developed his concept of the location. The drawings are published in J. R. R. Tolkien: Artist and Illustrator.

J. R. R. Tolkien, A Descriptive Bibliography

J.R.R. Tolkien, A Descriptive Biography is a work by Douglas A. Anderson and Wayne G. Hammond that is a complete bibliography of the publications of J. R. R. Tolkien. It has a foreword by Rayner Unwin.

J. R. R. Tolkien bibliography

This is a list of the writings of the English writer and philologist J. R. R. Tolkien.

Mythopoeic Awards

The Mythopoeic Awards for literature and literary studies are given by the Mythopoeic Society to authors of outstanding works in the fields of myth, fantasy, and the scholarly study of these areas.From 1971 to 1991 there were two awards, annual but not always awarded before 1981, recognizing Mythopoeic Fantasy and Mythopoeic Scholarship (Inklings Studies). Dual awards in each category were established in 1992: Mythopoeic Fantasy Awards for Adult Literature and Children's Literature; Scholarship Awards in Inklings Studies and Myth and Fantasy Studies.

In 2010 a Student Paper Award was introduced for the best paper presented at Mythcon by an undergraduate or graduate student; it was renamed the Alexei Kondratiev Award several months after its creation.The 2016 finalists were announced at the beginning of June and the awards were announced August 7, 2016, at the annual conference.


Roverandom is a novella by J. R. R. Tolkien, originally told in 1925, about the adventures of a young dog, Rover. In the story, an irritable wizard turns Rover into a toy, and Rover goes to the moon and under the sea in order to find the wizard again to turn him back into a normal-sized dog. The author wrote Roverandom for his son Michael to amuse him upon the loss of his favorite toy, a little leaden dog which he lost on a beach of grey shingle stones the same size and colour as the toy. The work is in tone a children's story, but contains many allusions and references in the manner of Farmer Giles of Ham.

It was submitted for publication in 1937 after the success of The Hobbit, but was not published for over sixty years, finally being released in 1998. Roverandom was included in the collection Tales from the Perilous Realm from its 2009 reprinting onwards.

Smith of Wootton Major

Smith of Wootton Major, first published in 1967, is a novella by J. R. R. Tolkien.

The Adventures of Tom Bombadil

The Adventures of Tom Bombadil (full title The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and Other Verses from the Red Book) is a collection of poetry written by J. R. R. Tolkien and published in 1962. The book contains 16 poems, two of which feature Tom Bombadil, a character encountered by Frodo Baggins in The Fellowship of the Ring (the first volume in The Lord of the Rings). The rest of the poems are an assortment of bestiary verse and fairy tale rhyme. Three of the poems appear in The Lord of the Rings as well. The book is part of Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium.

The volume includes The Sea-Bell, subtitled Frodos Dreme, which W. H. Auden considered Tolkien's best poem. It is a piece of metrical and rhythmical complexity that recounts a journey to a strange land beyond the sea. Drawing on medieval 'dream vision' poetry and Irish 'immram' poems the piece is markedly melancholic and the final note is one of alienation and disillusion.

The book was originally illustrated by Pauline Baynes and later by Roger Garland. The book, like the first edition of The Fellowship of the Ring, is presented as if it is an actual translation from the Red Book of Westmarch, and contains some background information on the world of Middle-earth that is not found elsewhere: e.g. the name of the tower at Dol Amroth and the names of the Seven Rivers of Gondor. There is also some fictional background information of those poems, linking them to Hobbit folklore and literature and to their actual writers (some of them are ascribed to Samwise Gamgee).

The book uses the letter "K" instead of "C" for the /k/ sound in Sindarin (one of the languages invented by Tolkien), a spelling variant Tolkien used many times in his writings.

The Encyclopedia of Fantasy

The Encyclopedia of Fantasy is a 1997 reference work concerning fantasy fiction, edited by John Clute and John Grant. Other contributors include Mike Ashley, Neil Gaiman, Diana Wynne Jones, David Langford, Sam J. Lundwall, Michael Scott Rohan, Brian Stableford and Lisa Tuttle.

The book was well-received on publication. During 1998, it received the Hugo Award, World Fantasy Award, and Locus Award. The industry publication Library Journal described The Encyclopedia of Fantasy as "the first of its kind".Since November 2012, the full text of The Encyclopedia of Fantasy is available on-line, as a companion to the on-line Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. The editors of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction have stated that there are not any plans to update the Encyclopedia of Fantasy, at least for the foreseeable future, although some death dates post-1997 have been added.

The J. R. R. Tolkien Companion and Guide

The J. R. R. Tolkien Companion and Guide (2006) by Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, following their 2005 The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion is a two-volume work of reference on J. R. R. Tolkien and Tolkien studies.

Volume 1 "Chronology" presents an extraordinarily detailed chronology of Tolkien's life on 800 pages.

Volume 2 "Reader's Guide" has information on people, places, organisations, biographical topics, literary topics and writings by Tolkien.

In October 2016, the authors announced that HarperCollins would publish a revised and expanded second edition in three volumes. At the time of the announcement, the estimated publication date was 7 September 2017.

The Road Goes Ever On

The Road Goes Ever On is a song cycle that has been published as a book of sheet music, and as an audio recording. The music was written by Donald Swann, and the words are taken from poems in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth writings, especially The Lord of the Rings.

The title of this opus is taken from "The Road Goes Ever On", the first song in the collection. The songs form a song cycle, designed to fit together when played in sequence.

The Tolkien Reader

The Tolkien Reader is an anthology of works by J. R. R. Tolkien. It includes a variety of short stories, poems, a play and some non-fiction by Tolkien. It compiles material previously published as three separate shorter books (Tree and Leaf, Farmer Giles of Ham, and The Adventures of Tom Bombadil) together with one additional piece and introductory material. It was published in 1966 by Ballantine Books in the USA.

Tree and Leaf

Tree and Leaf is a small book published in 1964, containing two works by J. R. R. Tolkien:

a revised version of an essay called "On Fairy-Stories" (originally published in 1947 in Essays Presented to Charles Williams)

an allegorical short story called "Leaf by Niggle" (originally published in the Dublin Review in 1945).Tree and Leaf was the first publication in which On Fairy-Stories and Leaf by Niggle became readily available to the general public. The book was originally illustrated by Pauline Baynes.

"Mythopoeia" was added to the 1988 edition (ISBN 0395502322). Later versions also include "The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm's Son".

Both pieces were re-issued in the collection The Tolkien Reader (1966), and have also appeared in various subsequent collections.

Wayne Hammond

Wayne Hammond is the name of

Wayne Hammond (field hockey) (born 1948), Australian field hockey player

Wayne G. Hammond (born 1953), Tolkien scholar

Wayne Hammond, Resiliency Expert Mental Health

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