Wayland, Massachusetts

Wayland is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,444 at the 2010 census. Wayland is part of the fifth congressional district of Massachusetts.

For geographic and demographic information on Cochituate, which is part of Wayland, please see the article Cochituate, Massachusetts.

Wayland, Massachusetts
First Parish in Wayland
First Parish in Wayland
Official seal of Wayland, Massachusetts

Seal
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°21′45″N 71°21′43″W / 42.36250°N 71.36194°WCoordinates: 42°21′45″N 71°21′43″W / 42.36250°N 71.36194°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1638
Incorporated1780
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total15.9 sq mi (41.2 km2)
 • Land15.2 sq mi (39.4 km2)
 • Water0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
Elevation
127 ft (39 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total13,444
 • Density850/sq mi (330/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
01778
Area code(s)508/774
FIPS code25-73790
GNIS feature ID0618243
Websitehttp://www.wayland.ma.us/

History

Wayland was the first settlement of Sudbury Plantation in 1638. The Town of East Sudbury was incorporated on April 10, 1780, on land east of the Sudbury River that had formerly been part of Sudbury. On March 11, 1835, East Sudbury became Wayland, a farming community, presumably in honor of Dr. Francis Wayland, who was president of Brown University and a friend of East Sudbury's Judge Edward Mellen. Both Wayland and Mellen became benefactors of the town's library, the first free public library in the state.[1]

The Wayland Free Public Library was established in 1848 and is arguably the first in Massachusetts[2] The building was rebuilt in 1900,[2] and is a landmark in the town of Wayland.

In 2010, Boston Duck Tours was asked to help transport flood victims in Wayland. Torrential rains had left Pelham Island area of Wayland isolated and the Ducks were brought in to ferry people in and out of their neighborhood until the waters receded.[3]

The Wayland display server protocol is named after the town.

Geography

Wayland - Town Building
The intersection of US Route 20, Route 27 & Route 126 in front of the Wayland Town Building

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.9 square miles (41 km2), of which 15.2 square miles (39 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2), or 4.21%, is water. Wayland borders Lincoln, Sudbury, Weston, Framingham, and Natick.

Demographics

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 13,444 people, 4,808 households, and 3,676 families residing in the town. The population density was 859.9 people per square mile (332.1/km²). There were 5,021 housing units at an average density of 310.8 per square mile (120.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.2% White, 0.9% African American, 0.0% Native American, 9.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

As of 2000, there were 4,625 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 16.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $121,036, and the median income for a family was $204,033.47. Males had a median income of $136,344 versus $60,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $75,144. About 2.1% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Claypit Hill School, Wayland MA
Claypit Hill School in 2014

Notable residents

See also

Dudley Pond, Cochituate

References

  1. ^ Town of Wayland website Archived June 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b http://waylandlibrary.org/about-us/history/
  3. ^ Martine Powers (2010-04-01). "A Boston icon rides to the rescue in flooded Wayland - Local News Updates - MetroDesk - The Boston Globe". Boston.com. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
  4. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  5. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  6. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ Méras., Phyllis (2012-06-15). "Gladys Widdiss Dies at 97, Was Widely Respected Tribal Elder". Vineyard Guardian. Retrieved 2012-07-02.

Further reading

External links

Alberto Salazar

Alberto Salazar (born August 7, 1958) is an American track coach and former world-class long-distance runner. Born in Cuba, Salazar immigrated to the United States as a child with his family. They moved to Manchester, Connecticut and then to Wayland, Massachusetts, where Salazar competed in track and field in high school. Salazar is best known for his performances in the New York City Marathon in the early 1980s and his 1982 Boston Marathon victory known as the "Duel in the Sun." He held American track records of 13:11.93 for 5,000 m (July 6, 1982 – Stockholm) and 27:25.61 for 10,000 m – (June 26, 1982 – Oslo).

Salazar currently is the head coach of the Nike Oregon Project in Portland, Oregon. He won the IAAF Coaching Achievement Award in 2013 during a ceremony hosted by the International Athletics Foundation in Monaco. In June 2015, Salazar was named in a joint BBC Panorama and ProPublica investigation into doping allegations.

Arwa Damon

Arwa Damon (born September 19, 1977) is an American journalist who is a senior international correspondent for CNN, based in Istanbul. From 2003, she covered the Middle East as a freelance journalist, before joining CNN in 2006. She is also president and founder of INARA, a humanitarian organization that provides medical treatment to refugee children from Syria.

Boston Renegades

Boston Renegades was an American women’s soccer team, founded in 2003. The team was a member of the United Soccer Leagues USL W-League, the second tier of women’s soccer in the United States and Canada. The team plays in the Northeast Division of the Eastern Conference. The team folded after the 2009 season.

The team played its home games in the stadium on the campus of Wayland High School in the city of Wayland, Massachusetts, 15 miles west of downtown Boston. The team's colors are red and white.

The team is a sister organization of the former men's Cape Cod Crusaders team, which played in the USL Premier Development League until 2009.

Edmund Sears

Edmund Hamilton Sears (April 6, 1810 – January 14, 1876) was an American Unitarian parish minister and author who wrote a number of theological works influencing 19th-century liberal Protestants. Sears is known today primarily as the man who penned the words to "It Came Upon the Midnight Clear" in 1849. It has been sung to two tunes, one by Richard Storrs Willis and another adapted by Arthur Sullivan from a traditional English air.

Sears originally wrote the song as a melancholy reflection on his times while a minister in Wayland, Massachusetts, US. However, "It Came Upon the Midnight Clear" has since become a popular Christmas carol.

Emily Parker Groom

Emily Parker Groom (1876–1975) was an American artist born in Wayland, Massachusetts, and died in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. As a child, she attended weekly art lessons under Miss Alida Goodwin, a teacher at South Division High School and All Saints Cathedral Institute, where Emily later graduated. She simultaneously received private painting lessons from her father. These experiences combined provided her with a unique early education compared to the primarily German-speaking community of artists in the area. She attended the Art Institute of Chicago with John Vanderpoel, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and participated in the Art Student's League in New York with Birge Harrison.

Gregg Kavet

Gregg Kavet is a writer and director who worked on NBC's Seinfeld for several seasons with collaborator Andy Robin. The team wrote episodes including "The Jimmy", "The Hot Tub", "The Caddy", "The Bottle Deposit", "The Fatigues", "The Comeback", "The Nap", and "The Slicer". The Fatigues won the 1997 Writers Guild of America Award for best television comedy.

Hettienne Park

Hettienne Park (born March 7, 1973) is an American actress and writer, best known for her role as Beverly Katz on the television series Hannibal. She was born in Boston and grew up in Wayland, Massachusetts and studied acting at the William Esper Studio in New York City.

It Came Upon the Midnight Clear

"It Came Upon the Midnight Clear" (1849), sometimes rendered as "It Came Upon a Midnight Clear", is a poem and Christmas carol written by Edmund Sears, pastor of the Unitarian Church in Wayland, Massachusetts. Sears' lyrics are most commonly set to "Noel", adapted by Arthur Sullivan from an English melody (in Commonwealth countries), or to "Carol", composed by Richard Storrs Willis (in the United States).

Joshua Bekenstein

Joshua Bekenstein is an American businessman and co-chairman of Bain Capital.

Lake Cochituate

Lake Cochituate is a body of water in Natick, Wayland, and Framingham, Massachusetts, United States. Originally a reservoir serving Boston, it no longer serves that function, and is now a local recreational resource and home to Cochituate State Park.

Massachusetts Route 126

Route 126 is a north–south state highway in Massachusetts.

Noyes-Parris House

The Noyes-Parris House is a historic First Period house located at 196 Old Connecticut Path in Wayland, Massachusetts.

Old Town Bridge (Wayland, Massachusetts)

The Old Town Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge in Wayland, Massachusetts. It is located just north of Old Sudbury Road, and is sited across what was formerly a channel of the Sudbury River, which now flows just west and north of the bridge. The four-arch bridge was built in 1848 by Josiah Russell on a site where it is supposed that the first bridge in Middlesex County was built in the 1640s. It was for many years on the major east-west route connecting Boston to points west and south. Originally built of dry-laid stone, the bridge was rebuilt with mortar after being damaged by flooding in 1900. It is 60 feet (18 m) long and has a roadbed 20 feet (6.1 m) wide, with each arch spanning about 10 feet (3.0 m). The bridge was open to vehicular traffic until 1955.The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.

Richard Glesmann

Richard Glesmann (born June 15, 1978) is an American basketball head coach for the Ehime Orange Vikings of the Japanese B.League.

Stone's Bridge

Stone's Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge in Framingham and Wayland, Massachusetts. It is located just north of Stonebridge Road, and partially crosses the Sudbury River. Built in 1858, it is a well-preserved example of mid-19th century stone bridge construction, despite its truncation in 1955 due to a shift in the river channel. The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. It is closed to all access.

Taylor Schilling

Taylor Schilling (born July 27, 1984) is an American actress. She is known for her role as Piper Chapman on the Netflix original comedy-drama series Orange Is the New Black (2013–present), for which she received a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series and two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy and Best Actress – Television Series Drama. She made her film debut in the 2007 drama Dark Matter. Schilling also starred in the short-lived NBC medical drama Mercy (2009–10). Her other films include Atlas Shrugged: Part I (2011), the romantic drama The Lucky One (2012), the comedy Take Me (2017) and the science fiction thriller The Titan (2018).

Tom Conroy

Thomas P. Conroy (born July 7, 1962) is a former American state legislator who represented the 13th Middlesex District, which includes Sudbury, Wayland, Marlborough, and Framingham, in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. He served from 2007 to 2015.

Vokes Theatre

The Vokes Theatre, also known as Beatrice Herford's Vokes Theatre, is a 1904 miniature of a London theatre in Wayland, Massachusetts built by and named for Beatrice Herford. The theatre is located on the estate of Herford and her husband, Sidney Hayward.

Wayland station

Wayland station is a former railroad station in Wayland, Massachusetts. Originally operated by the Central Massachusetts Railroad, it was part of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority's MBTA Commuter Rail system from 1965–1971. It was closed in 1971 when service on the Central Mass Branch was terminated due to poor track conditions.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18501,115—    
18601,188+6.5%
18701,240+4.4%
18801,962+58.2%
18902,060+5.0%
19002,303+11.8%
19102,206−4.2%
19201,935−12.3%
19302,937+51.8%
19403,505+19.3%
19504,407+25.7%
196010,444+137.0%
197013,461+28.9%
198012,170−9.6%
199011,874−2.4%
200013,100+10.3%
201013,444+2.6%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]
Municipalities and communities of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States
Cities
Towns
CDPs
Other
villages
Counties
Major cities
Cities and towns
100k-250k
Cities and towns
25k-100k
Cities and towns
10k-25k
Sub-regions

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