Waychinicup National Park

Waychinicup National Park is in Western Australia, 404 kilometres (251 mi) southeast of Perth and 65 kilometres (40 mi) east of Albany. The park is bordered by the Southern Ocean to the south, Mount Manypeaks Nature Reserve to the east, and agricultural land to the north. Its coastline runs between Normans Beach and Cheynes Beach, near Bremer Bay.[2] Bald Island Nature Reserve is located offshore nearby.[3] The park offers and array of landscapes, from the rugged coast to boulder-strewn hilltops. Tree-filled, deeply-incised valleys have freshwater streams flowing through them, with moss-covered boulders. Facilities provided include a camping area and bush toilet near the inlet of the Waychinicup River.[4]

Waychinicup National Park
Western Australia
IUCN category II (national park)
Waychinicup1
Waychinicup Inlet
Waychinicup National Park is located in Western Australia
Waychinicup National Park
Waychinicup National Park
Nearest town or cityAlbany
Coordinates34°52′38″S 118°22′20″E / 34.87722°S 118.37222°ECoordinates: 34°52′38″S 118°22′20″E / 34.87722°S 118.37222°E
Established1990
Area39.82 km2 (15.4 sq mi)[1]
Managing authoritiesDepartment of Environment and Conservation
WebsiteWaychinicup National Park
See alsoList of protected areas of
Western Australia

Fauna

The park is home to some of the rarest animals in Australia. Species found in the park include quenda, ring tailed possums and one of the few mainland populations of quokkas.[5]

The park forms part of the Two Peoples Bay and Mount Manypeaks Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its significance in the conservation of several rare and threatened bird species.[6] The critically endangered noisy scrubbird, which was once thought to be extinct, is found within the park; a small population of 14 were translocated from Two Peoples Bay Nature Reserve in 1983, followed by another 16 in 1985. By 1994 it was estimated that 223 male birds had been heard singing in the area.[7]

The western bristlebird is another vulnerable species that is found within the park. Most of the birds remaining population is found in Two Peoples Bay Nature Reserve and Waychinicup National Park.[8] Populations of the bird that have been on the decline since the late 19th century has started to stabilise.

References

  1. ^ "Department of Environment and Conservation 2009–2010 Annual Report". Department of Environment and Conservation. 2010: 48. ISSN 1835-114X. Archived from the original on 11 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Rainbow Coast - Great Southern Attractions". 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  3. ^ "Department of Environment - Terrestrial Protected Areas - Western Australia". 1998. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Australia's South West - Waychinicup National Park". 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2007.
  5. ^ "Department of Environment - Waychinicup National Park". 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2007.
  6. ^ BirdLife International. (2011). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Two Peoples Bay and Mount Manypeaks. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18 November 2011.
  7. ^ "Noisy Scrub-bird (Atrichornis clamosus) Recovery Plan". 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2007.
  8. ^ "Dasyornis longirostris — Western Bristlebird". 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2007.

See also

Banksia verticillata

Banksia verticillata, commonly known as granite banksia or Albany banksia, is a species of shrub or (rarely) tree of the genus Banksia in the family Proteaceae. It is native to the southwest of Western Australia and can reach up to 3 m (10 ft) in height. It can grow taller to 5 m (16 ft) in sheltered areas, and much smaller in more exposed areas. This species has elliptic green leaves and large, bright golden yellow inflorescences or flower spikes, appearing in summer and autumn. The New Holland honeyeater (Phylidonyris novaehollandiae) is the most prominent pollinator, although several other species of honeyeater, as well as bees, visit the flower spikes.

A declared vulnerable species, it occurs in two disjunct populations on granite outcrops along the south coast of Western Australia, with the main population near Albany and a smaller population near Walpole, and is threatened by dieback (Phytophthora cinnamomi) and aerial canker (Zythiostroma). B. verticillata is killed by bushfire and new plants regenerate from seed afterwards. Populations take over a decade to produce seed and fire intervals of greater than twenty years are needed to allow the canopy seed bank to accumulate.

Caladenia granitora

Caladenia granitora, commonly known as the granite spider orchid, is a species of orchid endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. It has a single, hairy leaf and one or two yellowish-cream, white and red flowers which have a white labellum with a red tip.

Cheyne Beach Whaling Station

Cheyne Beach Whaling Station is a defunct whaling station in Australia. It now operates as a tourist park known as Albany's Historic Whaling Station. The station is situated in Frenchman Bay in King George Sound and was built in the 1950s, operating until 1978.The station takes its name from Cheynes Beach, a small coastal community located approximately 65 kilometres (40 mi) east of Albany, Western Australia and surrounded by Waychinicup National Park.

Chorizema ilicifolium

Chorizema ilicifolium, known as the holly flame pea is a shrub of the pea family which is endemic to the southern coastline of Western Australia.,

City of Albany

The City of Albany is a local government area in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, about 410 kilometres (255 mi) south-southeast of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. It covers an area of 4,312.3 square kilometres (1,665 sq mi), including the Greater Albany metropolitan area and the Port of Albany, as well as the surrounding agricultural district and some national parks. The City of Albany had a population of over 36,000 at the 2016 census.

Granite outcrops of Western Australia

Granite outcrops of Western Australia are weathered landforms that occur throughout the state of Western Australia, composed primarily of the rock type granite. All recognised types of this landform can be observed, commonly as bornhardts, but also as inselbergs, castle koppies and Nubbins. Rising abruptly from the surrounding landscape they create a variety of microhabitats for plants, and provide seasonal resources and refuge for a range of animals. These areas thus have rich biodiversity and many endemic species. They are significant locations that tie in with the Aboriginal and European cultural heritage of Western Australia.

Hakea cucullata

Hakea cucullata, commonly known as hood-leaved hakea, cup hakea or scallop hakea, is a species of shrub in the family Proteaceae and is endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. An attractive shrub with unusual distinctive foliage and beautiful large pink, red or deep purple scented flowers.

List of national parks of Australia

This is a list of national parks within Australia that are managed by Australian, state and territory governments.

List of places on the State Register of Heritage Places in the City of Albany

This is a list of places listed on the Western Australian State Register of Heritage Places located in the City of Albany, in the Great Southern region of Western Australia.

National parks of Western Australia

Western Australia has had national parks or protected areas under legislation since the early 20th century.

Noisy scrubbird

The noisy scrubbird (Atrichornis clamosus) is a species of bird in the family Atrichornithidae. It is endemic to the coastal heaths of south-western Australia (east of Albany).

Pyrorchis

Pyrorchis, commonly known as beak orchids, is a genus of flowering plants in the orchid family, Orchidaceae and is endemic in Australia. It contains two species which were previously included in the genus Lyperanthus, also known as beak orchids. Both species have fleshy, oval leaves and form colonies which flower profusely after bushfires.

Sealers' Oven

Sealers' Oven is a man-made structure of mud and stone located at 34° 53' 40.6" S 118° 20' 2.3" E on Waychinicup Inlet near Albany, Western Australia. Believed to be a semi-permanent bread oven built by sealers around 1800, it predates European colonisation of Western Australia by over twenty years, and is therefore one of the state's oldest non-Indigenous artifacts.

Built on a granite outcrop about four metres above the high tide line, it is a roughly circular kiln about one metre high and 1.5 metres across. At the top there is an access hole about 30 centimetres across, and there are two small ventilation holes at the base on the eastern side. It is built from granite stones, broad and flat at the bottom but somewhat larger and more circular at the top, suggesting that it may have been partially rebuilt.

Sealers' Oven has been known of since the early days of colonisation, but was neither used nor protected until 1973, when the Government of Western Australia established a twelve square metre reserve around the oven at the request of the National Trust of Australia. It was classified by the National Trust in 1977, and has been part of the Waychinicup National Park since the park's establishment in 1990. In 1997 it was placed on the Heritage Council of Western Australia's Register of Heritage Places.

Southern right whale

The southern right whale (Eubalaena australis) is a baleen whale, one of three species classified as right whales belonging to the genus Eubalaena.

Approximately 10,000 southern right whales are spread throughout the southern part of the Southern Hemisphere.

Two Peoples Bay and Mount Manypeaks Important Bird Area

The Two Peoples Bay and Mount Manypeaks Important Bird Area is a 261 km2 tract of coastal and subcoastal land east of the city of Albany in south-west Western Australia. It is an important site for the conservation of several rare and threatened birds.

Waychinicup River

The Waychinicup River is located in the Great Southern region of Western Australia. The headwaters of the river are located near the town of Manypeaks along the South Coast Highway, with an elevation of approximately 100 metres (328 ft) above sea level and flows in a generally southerly direction through the Mount Manypeaks Range then through the Waychinicup National Park until it discharges into the Southern Ocean.

There is road access to the mouth of the river and it is located 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Albany, Western Australia.The coastal part of the river is an estuary that is 130 metres (427 ft) long and less than 2 metres (7 ft) deep,it is well flushed by tidal and swell action of the ocean.

Zythiostroma

Zythiostroma is a genus of canker fungus in the Nectriaceae family. The two or three species in the genus, which are anamorphs of the genus Nectria, have been found in Europe and Java.

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