Watertown, Massachusetts

Watertown is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and is part of the Greater Boston area. The population was 31,915 in the 2010 census. Its neighborhoods include Bemis, Coolidge Square, East Watertown, Watertown Square, and the West End. It is one of thirteen Massachusetts municipalities that retain the title of “town” while functioning under state law as cities.[2]

Watertown was one of the first Massachusetts Bay Colony settlements organized by English Puritans in 1630. The city is home to the Perkins School for the Blind, the Armenian Library and Museum of America, and the historic Watertown Arsenal, which produced military armaments from 1816 through World War II.

Watertown, Massachusetts
Watertown's Main Street, facing westward
Watertown's Main Street, facing westward
Official seal of Watertown, Massachusetts

Seal
Motto(s): 
In pace condita (Latin)
"Founded in peace"
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Watertown, Massachusetts is located in the United States
Watertown, Massachusetts
Watertown, Massachusetts
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°22′15″N 71°11′00″W / 42.37083°N 71.18333°WCoordinates: 42°22′15″N 71°11′00″W / 42.37083°N 71.18333°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
SettledJuly 1630
IncorporatedSeptember 7, 1630
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • City ManagerMichael J. Driscoll
Area
 • Total4.2 sq mi (10.8 km2)
 • Land4.1 sq mi (10.6 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
36 ft (11 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total31,915
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
35,025
 • Density7,600/sq mi (3,000/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
02472
Area code(s)617 / 857
FIPS code25-73440
GNIS feature ID0612401
Websitehttp://www.ci.watertown.ma.us/

History

Archeological evidence suggests that Watertown was inhabited for thousands of years before the arrival of settlers from England. Two tribes of Massachusett, the Pequossette and the Nonantum, had settlements on the banks of the river later called the Charles.[3] The Pequossette built a fishing weir to trap herring at the site of the current Watertown Dam. The annual fish migration, as both alewife and blueback herring swim upstream from their adult home in the sea to spawn in the fresh water where they were hatched, still occurs every spring.[4]

Watertown, first known to settlers as Saltonstall Plantation, was one of the earliest of the Massachusetts Bay Colony settlements. Founded in early 1630 by a group of settlers led by Richard Saltonstall and George Phillips, it was officially incorporated that same year. The alternate spelling "Waterton" is seen in some early documents.[5]

The first buildings were upon land now included within the limits of Cambridge known as Gerry's Landing. For its first quarter century Watertown ranked next to Boston in population and area. Since then its limits have been greatly reduced. Thrice portions have been added to Cambridge, and it has contributed territory to form the new towns of Weston (1712), Waltham (1738), Lincoln (1754) and Belmont (1859). In 1632 the residents of Watertown protested against being compelled to pay a tax for the erection of a stockade fort at Cambridge; this was the first protest in America against taxation without representation and led to the establishment of representative democracy in the colony.[6] As early as the close of the 17th century, Watertown was the chief horse and cattle market in New England and was known for its fertile gardens and fine estates. Here about 1632 was erected the first gristmill in the colony, and in 1662 one of the first woolen mills in America was built here.

Gerry Landing
Saltonstall's landing spot in Watertown, also known as Elbridge Gerry Landing

Revolutionary War era

Much excitement was generated in Watertown towards the start of the American Revolutionary War period. In 1773, many of its citizens were engaged with the Sons of Liberty in another tax protest, this time against the British Tea Tax which resulted in the famous Boston Tea Party rebellion.[7]

Then later (April 1775), some 134 Watertown minutemen responded to the alarm from Lexington to rout the British redcoats from their march to Concord. Thereafter many of these citizen soldiers were part of the first battle line formed at the Siege of Boston. Another Watertown citizen, Israel Bissel, was the first rider to take the news of the British attack and rode all the way to Connecticut, New York and Philadelphia.[8][9]

Fowle House - Watertown, Massachusetts
Edmund Fowle House, built in the 1700s and used by the Massachusetts government during the Revolutionary War

The Massachusetts Provincial Congress, after adjournment from Concord, met from April to July 1775 in the First Parish Church, the site of which is marked by a monument. The Massachusetts General Court held its sessions here from 1775 to 1778. Committees met in the nearby Edmund Fowle House. Boston town meetings were held here during the siege of Boston, when many Boston families made their homes in the neighborhood. For several months early in the American Revolution the committees of safety and committee of correspondence made Watertown their headquarters and it was from here that General Joseph Warren set out for Bunker Hill.[10]

Browne House - Watertown, Massachusetts
Browne House, built ca. 1694

Here, the Treaty of Watertown, the first treaty signed between the newly formed United States of America and a foreign power, the St. John's and Mi'kmaq First Nations of Nova Scotia, was signed in this house.[11][12]

Industrial era

From 1832 to 1834 Theodore Parker conducted a private school here and his name is still preserved in the Parker School, though the building no longer operates as a public school.

Mount Auburn Cemetery was founded in 1831, creating the first garden cemetery in the United States. The landscape of Mount Auburn provided inspiration for the nation’s first public parks and picturesque suburbs designed by the early generations of American landscape architects. Mount Auburn has been recognized as one of the most significant designed landscapes in the country. Although perceived as a Cambridge institution, almost all of the cemetery is actually in Watertown.

The Watertown Arsenal operated continuously as a military munitions and research facility from 1816 until 1995, when the Army sold the property, by then known as the Army Materials Technology Laboratory,[13] to the town of Watertown. The Arsenal is notable for being the site of a 1911 strike prompted by the management methods of operations research pioneer Frederick Winslow Taylor (Taylor and 1911 Watertown Arsenal Strike). Taylor's method, which he dubbed "Scientific Management," broke tasks down into smaller components. Workers no longer completed whole items; instead, they were timed using stopwatches as they did small tasks repetitively, as Taylor attempted to find the balance of tasks that resulted in the maximum output from workers. The strike and its causes were controversial enough that they resulted in Congressional hearings in 1911; Congress passed a law in 1915 banning the method in government owned arsenals. Taylor's methods spread widely, influencing such industrialists as Henry Ford, and the idea is one of the underlying inspirations of the factory (assembly) line industrial method. The Watertown Arsenal was the site of a major superfund clean-up in the 1990s, and has now become a center for shopping, dining and the arts, with the opening of several restaurants and a new theatre. The site includes the Arsenal Center for the Arts, a regional arts center that opened in 2005. The Arsenal is now owned by athenahealth. Arsenal Street features two shopping malls across the street from one another, with the Watertown Mall on one side and Arsenal Yards on the other.

The Perkins School for the Blind, founded in 1829, has been located in Watertown since 1912.

The Stanley Brothers built the first of their steam-powered cars, which came to be known as Stanley Steamers, in Watertown in 1897.[14]

In 1988, Watertown Square became the new location for the Armenian Library and Museum of America, said to host the largest collection of Armenian artifacts in North America.

Shortly after midnight of April 18–19, 2013, the two suspects in the Boston Marathon bombing engaged in a protracted battle with police, in Watertown involving the use of firearms and explosives. Tamerlan Tsarnaev was critically wounded and later pronounced dead and the town was completely locked down for hours as police, FBI, and Army National Guard personnel patrolled it, looking for the remaining suspect, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, who was captured wounded but alive in a boat shortly after the lockdown ended on the following evening.

Geography

Watertown is located at 42°22′17″N 71°10′55″W / 42.37139°N 71.18194°W (42.37139, −71.18194).[15] To the north, it is bordered by the town of Belmont, along Belmont Street; to the south, it is bordered by Newton and Brighton—the border being largely formed by the Charles River. In Watertown Square, the nexus of the town, the town's border extends south of the Charles to encompass the neighborhood surrounding Casey Playground. To the east lies the City of Cambridge, the border to which is almost entirely the well-known Mount Auburn Cemetery, most of which is actually in Watertown (though commonly believed to be in Cambridge). To the west lies the more expansive city of Waltham, but there is no distinct geographic feature dividing the two municipalities.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), of which 4.1 square miles (11 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km² or 1.20%) is water.

Adjacent cities and towns

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18401,810—    
18502,837+56.7%
18603,270+15.3%
18704,326+32.3%
18805,426+25.4%
18907,073+30.4%
19009,766+38.1%
191012,875+31.8%
192021,457+66.7%
193034,913+62.7%
194035,427+1.5%
195037,329+5.4%
196039,092+4.7%
197039,307+0.5%
198034,384−12.5%
199033,284−3.2%
200032,986−0.9%
201031,915−3.2%
201635,025+9.7%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25]
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[26]

As of the census[27] of 2000, there were 32,986 people, 14,629 households, and 7,329 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,025.7 people per square mile (3,098.8/km²). There were 15,008 housing units at an average density of 3,651.5 per square mile (1,409.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.42% White, 1.73% African American, 0.16% Native American, 3.87% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.68% of the population.

There were 14,629 households out of which 17.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.9% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city, the population was spread out with 14.1% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 39.8% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $59,764, and the median income for a family was $67,441. Males had a median income of $46,642 versus $39,840 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,262. About 4.5% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Armenian population

St. Stephen Armenian Church Watertown, MA
St. Stephen Armenian Apostolic Church
Hairenik Association building - Watertown, Mass
Hairenik Association building - Watertown, Mass.

Watertown is a major center of the Armenian diaspora in the United States, with the third-largest Armenian community in the United States, estimated as numbering 7,000[28] to over 8,000[29] as of 2007.[30] Watertown ranks only behind the California cities of Glendale and Fresno. Watertown is also the venue for the publication of long-running Armenian newspapers in English and Armenian, including:

Dro's grave in Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, Massachusetts (post-Armenia interment)
General Dro's grave in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Watertown (post-reinterment in Armenia)

Economy

Major employers based in Watertown include the Tufts Health Plan, New England Sports Network, the Perkins School for the Blind, Sasaki, Exergen Corporation,[31] Harvard Business Publishing, Bright Horizons Family Solutions and athenahealth.[32]

Transportation

Watertown borders Soldiers Field Road and the Massachusetts Turnpike, major arteries into downtown Boston. Watertown is served by several MBTA bus and trackless trolley routes. Most of them pass through or terminate in Watertown Square or Watertown Yard. The former A-Watertown branch of the MBTA's Green Line ran to Watertown until 1969.

Education

Public schooling is provided for approximately 2,600 students by Watertown Public Schools, which operates three elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school (Watertown High School).[33][34]

Private day schools:

There is also a supplementary Armenian language school, St. James Erebuni Armenian School (Armenian: Սբ. Հակոբ Էրեբունի հայկական դպրոց), affiliated with the St. James Armenian Apostolic Church, which teaches both Western Armenian and Eastern Armenian to children. It originated as a solely Eastern Armenian supplementary school established in 1988 by the Armenian Society of Boston (Iranahye Miutyun); it was Greater Boston's first Eastern Armenian supplementary school. It became church-affiliated in 2015, and it merged with a Western Armenian school,[35] St. Sahag & St. Mesrob Armenian School, in September of that year.[36]

Notable people

Politicians

  • George Bachrach, State Senator representing Greater Boston Area; Democratic candidate for Governor in 1994 and 1998
  • Rachel Kaprielian, former head of Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles, and former state representative
  • Nancy Masterton, Maine state representative
  • Thomas Reilly, Massachusetts attorney general (1999–2007)
  • Warren Tolman, Democratic candidate for Lt. Governor in 1998, Governor in 2002 and Attorney General in 2014

Sports

  • At the close of 2016, the Watertown Raiders High School field hockey team has won 16 state championships from the 1980s up to the present. The team has won 8 consecutive state championships in 2009 through 2017. Watertown has 123 straight wins and had gone undefeated in 183 straight games.
  • The Watertown High School Raiders won the Division III State Championship for basketball during the 2006–07, 2008–09, and 2017-18 seasons.
  • Watertown Pop Warner football won back-to-back eastern Mass. state championships for division II in 2007 and 2008.
  • Watertown youth hockey won the state championship for youth hockey division II in 2005–06.
  • The Watertown High School Raiders soccer team won the MIAA Division III North title in 2012–13 and 2017-18.
  • The Watertown High School Raiders football team won the MIAA Division III North title in 2017-18.

Culture

  • Armenian Library and Museum of America at 65 Main Street in the former Coolidge Bank building
  • Hairenik Association at 80 Bigelow Avenue
  • Perkins Braille and Talking Book Library, on the campus of the Perkins School for the Blind
  • Watertown Free Public Library[40] at 123 Main Street, in a newly renovated and expanded building
  • The Mosesian Center for the Arts is a regional arts center located in the former US Army Arsenal along the Charles River. Offerings include visual and performing arts productions, classes, and workshops for all ages, literary/art discussions, and world-class theatrical and musical performances.
  • New Repertory Theatre is the resident professional theatre company at the Mosesian Center for the Arts, 321 Arsenal Street
  • The Watertown Children's Theatre at the Mosesian Center for the Arts has been offering classes and productions for children in the area for 35 years.
  • The Plumbing Museum, located at 80 Rosedale Road in a former ice house next to the J.C. Cannistraro corporate offices
  • The Edmund Fowle House (1772) and Museum, at 28 Marshall St., the second oldest surviving house in Watertown (after the Browne House)
  • The Abraham Browne House (built circa 1694–1701) is a colonial house located at 562 Main Street. It is now a nonprofit museum operated by Historic New England and open to the public two afternoons a year.
  • Mount Auburn Cemetery, founded in 1831, consists of 151.1 acres of well manicured grounds with numerous species of both indigenous and exotic tree and shrub species. It is Watertown's largest contiguous open space and extends into Cambridge to the east. It also features the George Washington Tower[41].Parking is available for visitors.
  • Gore Place is an early 19th-century historic house museum and National Historic Landmark in Waltham, Massachusetts, with 31.6 acres of the 45-acre estate located in Watertown.
  • The Watertown Arsenal was a major American arsenal located on the northern shore of the Charles River in Watertown. Its site is now registered on the ASCE's List of Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks and on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ "CIS: Massachusetts City and Town Incorporation and Settlement Dates". www.sec.state.ma.us.
  3. ^ "History & Tourism - Watertown, MA - Official Website". www.ci.watertown.ma.us.
  4. ^ "Watertown Tab "Zubrowski: The herring run through Watertown from Mother's Day to Father's Day" (June 10, 2009)". Wicked Local. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  5. ^ Young, Alexander (1846). Chronicles of the First Planters of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 1623-1636, pp. 313-14. Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown.
  6. ^ Chisholm, Hugh (1911). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopædia Britannica Company. p. 411.
  7. ^ "Watertown Tour". maintour.com.
  8. ^ "Bissell Outrode Paul Revere But History Left Him in the Dust", Hartford Courant, April 16, 2007
  9. ^ "The Five Riders". www.constitutionfacts.com.
  10. ^ Hodges, Maud deLeigh. 1980. Crossroads on the Charles. Phoenix Publishing, Canaan, NH
  11. ^ Maine Historical Society. "Documentary history of the state of Maine ." Portland – via Internet Archive.
  12. ^ Paul, Daniel N. (2000). We Were Not the Savages: A Mi'kmaq Perspective on the Collision Between European and Native American Civilizations (2nd ed.). Fernwood. pp. 169–170. ISBN 978-1-55266-039-3. (includes full text of both treaties).
  13. ^ John Pike. "History of the AMTL". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  14. ^ "1906 Stanley Steamer Rocket Images, Information and History". Conceptcarz.com. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  16. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  17. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  20. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  21. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  22. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  23. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  24. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  25. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  26. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  27. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  28. ^ Armenians in Watertown, MA in Hayk the Ubiquitous Armenian
  29. ^ Watertown in Armeniapedia.org
  30. ^ Keith O'Brien, "ADL local leader fired on Armenian issue", The Boston Globe, August 18, 2007.
  31. ^ "Changing The Way The World Takes Temperature". Exergen. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  32. ^ "Labor Market Information". Retrieved 2014-12-16.
  33. ^ "Schools". Town of Watertown. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  34. ^ "About Us". Watertown Public Schools. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  35. ^ "Erebuni School at St. James Celebrates 30th Anniversary". Armenian Mirror-Spectator. 2018-04-19. Retrieved 2019-06-18.
  36. ^ "St. James Erebuni Armenian School". St. James Armenian Church. Retrieved 2019-06-18.
  37. ^ Watertown, Massachusetts on IMDb
  38. ^ "Genealogy Report: Descendents of John Lawrence". Genealogy.com. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  39. ^ "John LAWRENCE, VIII". Geneal.net. 2002. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  40. ^ "Today at the WFPL". Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  41. ^ https://mountauburn.org/washington-tower/

Further reading

External links

Armenian Mirror-Spectator

The Armenian Mirror-Spectator is a newspaper published by the Baikar Association, in Watertown, Massachusetts.Among others, Arthur Derounian (John Roy Carlson) wrote for it.

Armenian Weekly

Armenian Weekly (originally Hairenik Weekly) is an English Armenian publication published by Hairenik Association, Inc. in Watertown, Massachusetts in the United States. It is the sister publication to the Armenian language weekly Hairenik.

It was started as Hairenik Weekly in 1934 and its name was changed to Armenian Weekly, the name under which it is still published, in 1969. Armenian Weekly also runs an online publication.

Arsenal Yards

Arsenal Yards (formerly known as Arsenal Mall from 1983 to 2013 and the Arsenal Project from 2013 to 2016) is a planned mixed-use, smart growth development in Watertown, Massachusetts, with an estimated opening date of late 2019. The area is home to the original Arsenal Mall site, which is currently being redeveloped for Arsenal Yards. It will include 250,000 square feet of retail and restaurants, 200,000 square feet of office space, a 150-room Hampton Inn hotel, and 425 residences.

Baikar

Baikar (Պայքար meaning 'Struggle' in Armenian) is an Armenian language weekly published by the Baikar Association Inc., in Watertown, Massachusetts, United States.

It was established in 1922 and published in Armenian as a daily and was an official organ of the Armenian Democratic Liberal Party (ADL) also commonly known as Ramgavar Party. It is considered as a continuation of the publication Tsayn Hayrenyats (in Armenian Ձայն Հայրենյաց meaning Voice of the Fatherland) established in 1899.

After publishing for decades as a daily, it was changed into a weekly and later on ceased publication. The publication was renewed as a weekly starting January 2018. Headquartered in Watertown, Massachusetts, the new Baikar is widely available as a print publication in California and Lebanon and is available online elsewhere.

Baikar is the sister publication to the English language Armenian Mirror-Spectator and published from the same premises.

Geoff Grant

Geoff Grant is an American former professional tour tennis player.

Hairenik

Hairenik (Armenian: Հայրենիք meaning "fatherland") is an Armenian language weekly newspaper published by the Hairenik Association in Watertown, Massachusetts in the United States.

The newspaper, serving the Armenian American community, was established as a weekly in on May 1, 1899, in New York making it one of the longest-running Armenian publications. It permenantly moved to Watertown, Massachusetts near Boston in 1900.

In June 1913, it started publishing once every two days, and in December 1915, it became a daily newspaper, with continuous publication as such until 1991, when it was reduced to weekly publication due to declining readership.

It has had the involvement of prominent Armenian national figures as editors such as Arshak Vramian (1900–1907), Siamanto (1909–1911), Simon Vratsian (1911–1914), and Rouben Darbinian (1922–1968).

Hairenik published early stories by William Saroyan, such as "The Broken Wheel" (1933), written under the pen name "Sirak Goryan".

Michael Jingozian

Michael Paul Jingozian (born April 30, 1961) is an American entrepreneur and political activist who served as vice chairman of the Libertarian Party from 2008 to 2010. He was a candidate for the presidential nomination of the Libertarian Party.

Outram Bangs

Outram Bangs (January 12, 1863 – September 22, 1932) was an American zoologist.

Perkins School for the Blind

Perkins School for the Blind, in Watertown, Massachusetts, is the oldest school for the blind in the United States. It has also been known as the Perkins Institution for the Blind.Perkins manufactures its own Perkins Brailler, which is used to print embossed, tactile books for the blind; and the Perkins SMART Brailler, a braille teaching tool, at the Perkins Solutions division housed within the Watertown campus's former Howe Press.

Peter Folger (Nantucket settler)

Peter Folger or Foulger (1617 –1690) was a poet and an interpreter of the American Indian language for the first settlers of Nantucket. He was instrumental in the colonization of Nantucket Island in the Massachusetts colony. He was the maternal grandfather of Benjamin Franklin.A Baptist missionary, teacher, and surveyor, his dealings with the native population promoted harmony between the Native Americans and European settlers.Peter B.Smith who lives in nehalem Oregon is a direct decendent of Peter Folger.

Sawins Pond

Sawins Pond is a man-made pond created in the 19th century in Watertown, Massachusetts, USA. Its banks were the site of an upscale hotel, and it was a popular fishing and swimming spot. It was then used by Hood Rubber company, and then BF Goodrich. They deposited scores of barrels onto the site, filled with rubber scraps.

Simon Wing

Simon Wing (1826 –1910) was a daguerreotypist and camera inventor and socialist politician. He is best remembered as the first candidate of the Socialist Labor Party of America for President of the United States, running for that office in 1892.

St. Stephen's Armenian Apostolic Church

St. Stephen's Armenian Apostolic Church (Armenian: Սուրբ Ստեփանոս Հայաստանեայց Առաքելական Եկեղեցի), also known as Soorp Stepanos Church, is an Armenian Apostolic church in Watertown, Massachusetts.

There is a bilingual school next to the church named St. Stephen's Armenian Elementary School.

WAZN

WAZN (1470 AM) is an ethnic radio station in the Boston, Massachusetts market, licensed to Watertown. It is owned by Multicultural Broadcasting, and as of February 1, 2016 broadcasts Chinese language programming, simulcast from M.R.B.I.'s New York City station.

WRCA

WRCA (1330 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station licensed to Watertown, Massachusetts and serving the Greater Boston media market. The license is held by the Beasley Media Group, LLC, part of the Beasley Broadcast Group, Inc. The station carries financial news from Bloomberg Radio with some local news, weather and traffic reports. WRCA's programming is also heard on FM translator W291CZ (106.1 MHz) and on the HD2 channel of sister station WBOS.

Watertown Arsenal

The Watertown Arsenal was a major American arsenal located on the northern shore of the Charles River in Watertown, Massachusetts. The site is now registered on the ASCE's List of Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks and on the U.S.'s National Register of Historic Places, and it is home to a park, restaurants, mixed use office space, and currently serves as the national headquarters for athenahealth.

Watertown High School (Massachusetts)

Watertown High School is the local high school for Watertown, Massachusetts. It has a diverse student population of just under 700 with a high concentration of ethnic Armenians. The school is home to the Watertown Raiders, who are best known for their varsity field hockey and boys' basketball programs. Watertown's colors are black and red.

Watertown Square station

Watertown Square is the main square of Watertown, Massachusetts, located at the confluence of North Beacon Street and Main Street (US-20), Mt. Auburn Street (MA-16), Pleasant Street, Arsenal Street, and Charles River Road. The Armenian Library and Museum of America is located in the square; Watertown Dam is 1,000 feet (300 m) to the west.

Will Brownsberger

William N. Brownsberger (born March 21, 1957) is an American state legislator and President Pro Tempore of the Massachusetts Senate representing the Second Suffolk and Middlesex District which includes his hometown of Belmont, as well as Watertown, and parts of Allston, Brighton, Fenway-Kenmore, and Back Bay which are neighborhoods of Boston. From 2007 to 2012 he was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. He was a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2013 special election to succeed Ed Markey in the U.S. House of Representatives.

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