Waterloo, Iowa

Waterloo is a city in and the county seat of Black Hawk County, Iowa, United States.[4] As of the 2010 United States Census the population decreased by 0.5% to 68,406;[5] the 2016 Census estimates the population at 67,934, making it the sixth-largest city in the state.[3] The city is part of the Waterloo – Cedar Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area, and is the more populous of the two cities.

Waterloo-Iowa-West-Fourth-Street-1910-postcard.jpeg
West Fourth Street, 1910
Waterloo, Iowa
Downtown Waterloo from the west bank of Cedar River
Downtown Waterloo from the west bank of Cedar River
Location within Black Hawk County and Iowa
Location within Black Hawk County and Iowa
Waterloo, Iowa is located in the United States
Waterloo, Iowa
Waterloo, Iowa
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°29′33″N 92°20′46″W / 42.49250°N 92.34611°W
CountryUnited States
StateIowa
CountyBlack Hawk
Incorporated1868
Government
 • MayorQuentin Hart
Area
 • City63.23 sq mi (163.76 km2)
 • Land61.39 sq mi (159.00 km2)
 • Water1.84 sq mi (4.77 km2)
Elevation
883 ft (269 m)
Population
 • City68,406
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
67,934
 • Rank6th in Iowa
 • Density1,100/sq mi (420/km2)
 • Metro
169,895
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
50701-50707
Area code319
FIPS code19-82425
GNIS ID468951
Websiteci.waterloo.ia.us

History

Waterloo was originally known as Prairie Rapids Crossing.[6] The town was established near two Meskwaki American tribal seasonal camps alongside the Cedar River. It was first settled in 1845 when George and Mary Melrose Hanna and their children arrived on the east bank of the Red Cedar River (now just called the Cedar River). They were followed by the Virden and Mullan families in 1846. Evidence of these earliest families can still be found in the street names Hanna Boulevard, Mullan Avenue and Virden Creek.

On December 8, 1845, the Iowa State Register and Waterloo Herald was the first newspaper published in Waterloo.[7]

The name Waterloo supplanted the original name, Prairie Rapids Crossing, shortly after Charles Mullan petitioned for a post office in the town. Since the signed petition did not include the name of the proposed post office location, Mullan was charged with selecting the name when he submitted the petition. Tradition has it that as he flipped through a list of other post offices in the United States, he came upon the name Waterloo. The name struck his fancy, and on December 29, 1851, a post office was established under that name. The town was later called the same, and Mullan served as the first postmaster from December 29, 1851 until August 11, 1854.

There were two extended periods of rapid growth over the next 115 years. From 1895 to 1915, the population increased from 8,490 to 33,097, a 290% increase. From 1925 to 1960, population increased from 36,771 to 71,755. The 1895 to 1915 period was a time of rapid growth in manufacturing, rail transportation and wholesale operations. During this period the Waterloo Gasoline Traction Engine Company moved to Waterloo and, shortly after, the Rath Packing Company moved from Dubuque. Another major employer throughout the first two-thirds of the 20th century was the Illinois Central Railroad. Among the others was the less-successful brass era automobile manufacturer, the Maytag-Mason Motor Company.[8]

On June 7, 1934, bank robber Tommy Carroll had a shootout with the FBI when he and his wife stopped to pick up gas. Accidentally parking next to a police car and wasting time dropping his gun and picking it back up, Carroll was forced to flee into an alley, where he was shot. He was taken to Allen Memorial Hospital in Waterloo, where he soon died.

Waterloo suffered in the agricultural recession of the 1980s; its major employers at the time were heavily rooted in agriculture. John Deere, the area's largest employer, cut 10,000 jobs, and the Rath meatpacking plant closed altogether, losing 2500 jobs. It is estimated that Waterloo lost 14% of its population during this time.[9] Today the city enjoys a broader industrial base, as city leaders have sought to diversify its industrial and commercial mix. Deere remains a strong presence in the city, but employs only roughly one-third the number of people it did at its peak.

African American community

In 1903, African Americans were told to leave Waterloo immediately as it became a sundown town.[10]

In 1910, a significant number of black railroad workers were brought in as strikebreakers to the Waterloo area.[11][12] Black workers were relegated to 20 square blocks in Waterloo, an area that remains the east side to this day.[11][12] In 1940, more black strikebreakers were brought in to work in the Rath meat plant.[13] In 1948, a black strikebreaker accidentally killed a white union member as he tried to escape the striker's ire. Instead of a race riot, a strike ensued against the Rath Company. The National Guard was called in to end the 73-day strike.[13]

Civil rights

United Packinghouse Workers of America became the main union of the Rath Company, welcoming black workers,[14] but United Auto Workers Local 838 continued to refuse black members.[15] With the power of the union, Anna Mae Weems, Ada Treadwell, Charles Pearson and Jimmy Porter formed an anti-discrimination department at Rath by the 1950s. This department helped organize protests against local places that discriminated against blacks.[11]

Porter would go on to organize the first black radio station in Waterloo, KBBG, in 1978.[12][14] Weems became the head of the anti-discrimination department and local NAACP chapter.[11]

On May 31, 1966, Eddie Wallace Sallis was found dead in the local jail. The black community felt the death was suspicious, and protests were held. On June 4, Weems led a march on city hall to encourage investigation into his death.[12][14] The march led to the creation of the Waterloo Human Rights Commission, which lasted only a year due to lack of funding.[13]

On Sept. 7, 1967, a city report, "Waterloo's Unfinished Business", was released.[16] The report covered the ongoing problems in housing, education and employment faced by Waterloo's black community. It confirmed the housing bias faced by black residents, that many of the schools were generally 80% of one race, and that 80% of black residents held service jobs.[16] In a 2007 article, the Courier covered some changes in the 40 years since, finding that housing was now mostly divided by socioeconomic status, schools still violated the desegregation plan, and black unemployment was still double that of white residents.[16]

The Iowa Supreme Court outlawed school segregation in 1868.[13] A 1967 commission found most schools were still segregated and recommended immediate desegregation, which Mayor Lloyd Turner opposed.[14] In 1969, the Waterloo school board voted to allow open enrollment in all their schools to encourage integration. Many parents felt it was not enough.[14] Despite the efforts between 1967 and 1970, already-black schools in the area increased in their segregation.[14]

Protests and riots

By the 1960s, Rath was in decline and jobs there were harder to come by. A federal government program trained 1,200 local youths with the promise of summer jobs, only to hire two as bricklayers.[11] Starting in the summer months of 1966,[17] Waterloo was subject to riots over race relations between the white community and the black community. Many white residents expressed confusion as to why riots were occurring in Waterloo,[14][17] while younger black residents felt they were being treated unfairly, as their conditions seemed worse than those of their white neighbors.[17] In 1967, the black population of Waterloo was equivalent to 8%, and according to the Courier, had a 4% unemployment rate.[17] Yet despite being a northern city, Waterloo was unofficially segregated at the time, as 95% of its black population lived in "East" Waterloo.[17] While the white community felt East High was "integrated" with a 45% black student body, the black community pointed out that the elementary school in "East" Waterloo had only one white pupil.

Protests were mostly organized by black youths aged 16–25.[16][17] Protests became riots when the youth felt protesting wasn't effective.[17] Protests turned into riots in July 1968[17] and reached critical mass by that September, with buildings on East 4th street torched and vandalized.[16]

In August 1968, East High students Terri and Kathy Pearson gave the principal a list of grievances detailing how they felt the discrimination could be lessened. The principal refused to implement any of the requested changes.[14] Student protests and walkouts continued through September. Students were angry that no African American history course was being taught, and that interracial dating was discouraged by teachers and administrators.[14]

On Sep 13, 1968, during an East High School football game, police attempted to arrest a black youth.[12] He resisted arrest, drawing attention of students in the stands. Black students fought and argued with the police, and police responded by using clubs and mace.[14] The riot continued into the east side of Waterloo, with a subsequent fire that claimed a lumber mill and three homes. There was an attempt to set East High on fire as well.[14] The riot lasted until midnight and resulted in seven officers injured and thirteen youths jailed. The National Guard was called in the following day. The riots were called off and a solution was reached thanks to civil rights leader William G Parker[14]

Present day

In 2003, Governor Tom Vilsack created a task force to close the racial achievement gap in Waterloo.[18] In 2009, a fair housing report, "Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing Choice", compiled by Mullin & Lonergan Associates Inc., found Waterloo to be Iowa's most segregated city.[15] "Historical patterns of racial segregation persist in Waterloo. Of the 20 cities in Iowa with populations exceeding 25,000, Waterloo ranks as the most segregated."[15]

Many activists who participated in the original protests feel that Waterloo has remained the same.[12][16] In 2015, Huffpost listed Waterloo as the 10th worst city for black Americans.[19] The site noted that black residents of the city have a 24% unemployment rate compared to 3.9% for whites, giving Waterloo one of the highest black unemployment rates among Midwest cities.[12] Waterloo still has a higher percentage of blacks than most Iowa cities.[12]

In December 2012, Derrick Ambrose Jr. was shot by a police officer. Ambrose's family maintains he was unarmed, while the officer stated that he felt his life was in danger. A grand jury acquitted the officer. The shooting sparked outrage in the community.[12]

Flood of 2008

WaterlooAISandbagsJune2008FEMABig
June 12, 2008

June 2008 saw the worst flooding the Waterloo – Cedar Falls area had ever recorded; other major floods include the Great Flood of 1993. The flood control system constructed in the 1970s–90s largely functioned as designed.

In areas not protected by the system, the Cedar River poured out of its banks and into parking lots, backyards and across the farmland surrounding the city. Although much damage was done, the larger downstream city of Cedar Rapids was much harder hit.

An area of the west side of the downtown and an area near the former Rath Packing facility were impacted, not directly by water coming from the river, but as a result of storm runoff draining toward the river but then being trapped on the back side of the flood levy system. These areas did not have lift stations or alternate pumping capacity sufficient to force this water back to the river side of the control system. Areas where lift stations had been constructed (Virden Creek and East 7th Street) to pump this storm runoff into the swollen river remained largely dry (the east and north sides of downtown). Several areas experienced water seeping into basements due to high water-table levels.

Historical Crests

According to the National Weather Service, the ten highest crests of the Cedar River recorded at East 7th Street in downtown Waterloo:[20]

(1) 27.01 ft on June 11, 2008
(2) 21.86 ft on March 29, 1961
(3) 21.67 ft on April 8, 1965
(4) 20.78 ft on July 23, 1999
(5) 20.60 ft on June 2, 1993

(6) 20.54 ft on April 2, 1993
(7) 20.15 ft on June 29, 1969
(8) 20.00 ft on March 16, 1929
(9) 19.50 ft on April 2, 1933
(10) 19.26 ft on March 31, 1962

Crests reported in the 1960s and earlier were before completion of major flood control projects and therefore may not be directly comparable.

In September 2016, flood watches and warnings were put into effect for Waterloo and its surrounding cities. The crest was expected to just barely hit the height of the 2008 flood.

Geography

Location of Waterloo, Iowa

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 63.23 square miles (163.76 km2), of which 61.39 square miles (159.00 km2) is land and 1.84 square miles (4.77 km2) is water.[1]

The average elevation of Waterloo is 846 feet above sea level. The population density is 1101 people per square mile, considered low for an urban area.[21]

Climate

Waterloo has a humid continental climate zone (Köppen classification Dfa),[22] typical of the state of Iowa, and is part of USDA Plant Hardiness zone 5a.[23] The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 18.5 °F (−7.5 °C) in January to 73.6 °F (23.1 °C) in July. On average, there are 22 nights annually with a low at or below 0 °F (−18 °C), 58 days annually with a high at or below freezing, and 16 days with a high at or above 90 °F (32 °C). As the mean first and last occurrence of freezing temperatures is October 1 and April 29, respectively, this allows for a growing season of 154 days. Temperature records range from −34 °F (−37 °C) on March 1, 1962 and January 16, 2009 up to 112 °F (44 °C) on July 13 and 14, 1936, during the Dust Bowl. The record cold daily maximum is −16 °F (−27 °C) on February 2, 1996, while conversely the record warm daily minimum is 80 °F (27 °C) on July 31, 1917 and August 16, 1988.[24]

Normal annual precipitation equivalent is 34.60 inches (879 mm) spread over an average 112 days, with heavier rainfall in spring and summer, but observed annual rainfall has ranged from 17.35 to 53.07 inches (441 to 1,348 mm) in 1910 and 1993, respectively. The wettest month on record is July 1999 with 12.82 inches (326 mm); on the 2nd of that month, 5.49 inches (139 mm) of rain fell, making for the heaviest rainfall in a single calendar day. The driest months are October 1952 and November 1954 with trace amounts each.[24]

Winter snowfall is moderate, and averages 35.3 inches (90 cm) per season, spread over an average 27 days, and snow cover of 1 inch (2.5 cm) or more is seen on 67 days, mostly from December to March. Winter snowfall has ranged from 11.6 inches (29.5 cm) in 1967–68 to 68.5 inches (174.0 cm) in 1904–05. The most snow in a calendar day and month is 13.2 inches (33.5 cm) and 33.9 inches (86.1 cm) on January 3, 1971 and in December 2000, respectively.[24]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18704,337
18805,63029.8%
18906,67418.5%
190012,58088.5%
191026,693112.2%
192036,23035.7%
193046,19127.5%
194051,74312.0%
195065,19826.0%
196071,75510.1%
197075,5335.3%
198075,9850.6%
199066,467−12.5%
200068,7473.4%
201068,406−0.5%
Est. 201667,934[3]−0.7%
Iowa Data Center

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 68,406 people, 28,607 households, 17,233 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,114.3 inhabitants per square mile (430.2/km2). There were 30,723 housing units at an average density of 500.5 per square mile (193.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.3% White, 15.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 2.6% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 5.6% of the population.

There were 28,607 households of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.8% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 35.9 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census,[28] there were 68,747 people, 28,169 households, and 17,746 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,131.9 inhabitants per square mile (437.0/km2). There were 29,499 housing units at an average density of 485.7 per square mile (187.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.2% White, 14.5% African American, 1.1% Asian, 1.9% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 28,169 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.97.

Age spread: 24.7% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.[29]

The median income for a household in the city was $34,092, and the median income for a family was $42,731. Males had a median income of $31,491 versus $22,569 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,558. About 10.0% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Metropolitan area

The Waterloo-Cedar Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Black Hawk, Bremer, and Grundy counties. The area had a 2000 census population of 163,706 and a 2008 estimated population of 164,220.[30]

Waterloo is next to Cedar Falls, home to the University of Northern Iowa. Small suburbs include Evansdale, Hudson, Raymond, Elk Run Heights, Gilbertville, and Washburn.

The largest employers in the Waterloo/Cedar Falls MSA, according to the Greater Cedar Valley Alliance, as of June 2016 include (in order): John Deere, Tyson Fresh Meats, Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare, UnityPoint Health, the University of Northern Iowa, HyVee Food Stores, Waterloo Community Schools, Target Regional Distribution Center, CBE Companies, Inc., City of Waterloo, and Bertch Cabinet Manufacturing.

Arts and culture

The Cedar Valley Arboretum & Botanic Gardens is a 40-acre public garden oasis located directly east of Hawkeye Community College. Admission is $5/adult and $2/child, under five and members are free.[31]

The National Cattle Congress is held in Waterloo in September.

Silos & Smokestacks National Heritage Area

Silos & Smokestacks National Heritage Area (SSNHA) preserves and tells the story of American agriculture and its global significance through partnerships and activities that celebrate the land, people, and communities of the area. SSNHA is one of 49 federally designated National Heritage Areas and is an Affiliated Area of the National Park Service. Through the development of a network of 113 partner sites, programs and events, SSNHA's mission is to interpret farm life, agribusiness and rural communities-past and present. Waterloo partner sites include the Waterloo Center for the Arts and the Grout Museum. The SSNHA office is located in the Fowler Building, Suite 2, 604 Lafayette Street.[32]

Waterloo Center for the Arts

The Waterloo Center for the Arts (WCA) is a regional center for visual and performance arts. It is owned and operated by the City of Waterloo with oversight by the advisory Waterloo Cultural and Arts Commission. The Center is located at 225 Commercial Street. It is also an anchor for the Waterloo Cultural and Arts District (a State of Iowa designation).[33]

The permanent collection at the WCA includes the largest collection of Haitian art in the country, Midwest Regionalist art (including works by Grant Wood and Thomas Hart Benton), Mexican folk art, international folk art, American decorative arts, and public art.[33]

President Barack Obama gave a speech here on August 14, 2012, during the 2012 presidential campaign. Originally scheduled for 7:45 pm, the speech was delayed by about 15 minutes, when Obama made an unannounced stop in neighboring Cedar Falls for a beer at a pub.[34][35][36]

Included in the WCA is the Phelps Youth Pavilion (PYP), which opened in 2009. The PYP is an interactive children's museum. PYP provides additional gallery and studio space.[33]

The Riverloop Amphitheater, completed in 2011, is an outdoor plaza and amphitheater available to rent for events and weddings. The Riverloop Amphitheater also is home to Mark's Park, a water park playground open to the public.[33]

The WCA also houses the Waterloo Community Playhouse, the oldest community theatre in Iowa operating since 1916, and the Black Hawk Children's Theatre, started in 1982. Both perform in the Hope Martin Theatre, which opened in 1965. The theatre's administrative offices are located across the street in the historic Walker Building.[37]

Grout Museum District

Grout Museum District sign Waterloo IA pic1
Sullivan Brothers Iowa Veterans Museum Watrtloo IA pic1
Sullivan Brothers Iowa Veterans Museum (2011)
Rensselaer Russell House
Rensselaer Russell House (1973)
Snowden House Front pic1
Snowden House (February 2011)

Established in 1932, the district started with an endowment set up in the will of Henry W. Grout.[38] The district is a nonprofit educational entity that is active in engaging the students and all people from the surrounding communities. It is accredited by the American Alliance of Museums.[39]

The Grout Museum of History and Science, the first museum which would grow into the museum district, was displayed for many years in the building that was the local YMCA. The current building was completed and opened to the public as a not-for-profit museum in 1956.[39]

The Sullivan Brothers Iowa Veterans Museum was opened in November 2008 at a cost of $11 million, funded in part by a citizens' grassroots campaign.[39]

The Rensselaer Russell House is at 520 W. 3rd Street. Built in 1858, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Rensselaer and Caroline Russell built the house utilizing Italianate architecture in 1861 for $5,878.83.[39]

The Carl A. and Peggy J. Bluedorn Science Imaginarium opened in 1993 and provides both interactive exhibits and formal demonstrations in various fields of science.[39]

The Snowden House is a two-story brick Victorian era house listed on the National Register of Historic Places was built in 1875. The house was once used as the Waterloo Woman's Club.

Library

Waterloo has one central public library. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018, there were 250,804 patron visits resulting in a circulation of 297,483 items. The total collection consisted of 112,777 items. The library's reference services, supported by 4.75 FTE librarians, answered 52,029 questions. Its 99 public access computers provided over 57,821 sessions for patrons. (Waterloo Public Library Annual Report)..

The library is governed by a board of trustees, nominated by the city mayor and confirmed by the city council: John Berry, Larry Bjortomt, Ivy Hagedorn, Kathleen Wernimont and Cindy Wells. The library is directed by Steven P. Nielsen, MLS.<>

The Waterloo Public Library is in a renovated Great Depression era building that served as a post office and federal building (Waterloo Public Library history). The building was renovated in the late 1970s for use as a library. In 2011, the Waterloo Public Library celebrated 30 years at its Commercial Street location.

Two New Deal-funded murals by artist Edgar Britton are on display at the library. Exposition is an image of the National Cattle Congress, and Holiday is of a picnic.

Pop culture

The 2015 film Carol uses Waterloo in a major plot point.[40]

The independent film Bros uses Waterloo as its main setting.[41]

Government

See also: Waterloo Police Department

Waterloo is administered by the mayor and council system of government. One council member is elected from each of Waterloo's five wards, and two are elected at-large. The current mayor is Quentin Hart. He is the City's first African American mayor.

Education

Hawkeye Community College is located in Waterloo. Neighboring Cedar Falls is home to the University of Northern Iowa.

The three public high schools in the city are Waterloo West High School, Waterloo East High School, and Expo High School.

West's school mascot is the "Wahawk", a contraction of Waterloo and Black Hawk (the city and county names), and its colors are old rose and black. Its most famous alumnus is former Olympic wrestler and coach Dan Gable. Its current principal is Andy Miehe.

East's school mascot is the "Trojan", a warrior from the ancient city Troy, and its colors are orange and black. Marla Padget is the current principal.

Expo is an alternative high school. Its current principal is Cary Wieland.

Waterloo's private high schools are Waterloo Christian School and Columbus Catholic High School, which is supported by the Catholic parishes of Waterloo and Cedar Falls. Waterloo Christian is a non-denominational college preparatory school located on the grounds of Walnut Ridge Baptist Church. The school's colors are green and yellow, and its mascot is the "Regent." Columbus' mascot is the "Sailor", a connection to the school's namesake Christopher Columbus, and its colors are green and white.

There is also a wide array of elementary and junior high schools in the area, with open enrollment available.

Media

Radio

FM stations
AM stations

Television

Print

  • The Courier, daily newspaper
  • The Cedar Valley What Not, weekly advertiser

Infrastructure

Transportation

Waterloo is located at the north end of Interstate 380. U.S. Highways 20, 63, and 218 and Iowa Highway 21, also run through the metropolitan area. The Avenue of the Saints runs through Waterloo.

American Airlines provides non-stop air service to and from Chicago from the Waterloo Regional Airport as of April 3, 2012. As of October 27, 2014, American Airlines runs two flights to/from Chicago O'Hare (ORD). Departures to Chicago are early morning and mid/late afternoon. Arrivals are early/mid-afternoon and evening.

Waterloo is served by a metropolitan bus system (MET), which serves most areas of Cedar Falls and Waterloo. Most routes meet at the central bus station in downtown Waterloo. The system operates Monday through Saturday. During the week the earliest bus is at 5:45 am from downtown Waterloo, and the last bus arrives downtown at 6:40 pm. Service is limited on Saturdays.

Waterloo is served by one daily intercity bus arrival and departure to Chicago and Des Moines, provided by Burlington Trailways. New service to and from Mason City and Minneapolis/St. Paul provided by Jefferson Lines started in the fall of 2009.[42]

There are currently five taxi operators in Waterloo and Cedar Falls: First Call, Yellow, City Cab, Cedar Valley Cab, and Dolly's Taxi.

The Chicago Central railroad runs through Waterloo.

Utilities

The MidAmerican Energy Company supplies Waterloo with electricity and natural gas. The Waterloo Water Works supplies potable water with a capacity of 50,400,000 GPD (gallons per day) with an average use of 13,400,000 GPD and a peak use of 28,800,000 GPD. News reports indicate that 18.5% of the system's output in 2013, or 851 million gallons, was unaccounted for.[43] Sanitation service (sewage) is operated by the city of Waterloo, with a capacity of 36,500,000 GPD and an average use of 14,000,000 GPD.[44]

Healthcare

Waterloo is home to two hospitals, Covenant Medical Center, which has 366 beds, and Allen Memorial Hospital, with 234 beds. Neighboring Cedar Falls is home to Sartori Memorial Hospital, with 83 beds. The Waterloo-Cedar Falls metropolitan area has 295 physicians, 69 dentists, 52 chiropractors, 24 vision specialists and 21 nursing/retirement homes.[45]

Notable people

Sullivanbrothers
The Five Sullivan Brothers

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

Waterloo, Iowa is twinned with:

References

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  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "Iowa's Largest Cities". Quad City Times. February 10, 2011. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
  6. ^ "City Profile". www.public.iastate.edu. Retrieved 2017-12-20.
  7. ^ The History of Black Hawk County. Chicago: Western Historical Company. 1878. pp. 383 (pdf-375).
  8. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877–1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.93.
  9. ^ "City Profile".
  10. ^ The Watchman and Southron. Sumter, South Carolina. September 16, 1903. p. 7 https://www.newspapers.com/clip/29368622/ – via Newspapers.com. The people of Waterloo, Iowa, have notified all negro residents that they must leave the town at once, as in future it is to be 'a white man's town.' Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ a b c d e Halpern, Rick; Horowitz, Roger (1999-03-01). Meatpackers: An Oral History of Black Packinghouse Workers and Their Struggle for Racial and Economic Equality. NYU Press. ISBN 9781583670057.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Waterloo rallies to combat violence, racial divides". Des Moines Register. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  13. ^ a b c d Foster, Deborah (2015-10-26). "The 10th Worst City for African Americans in the U.S. has a Story: This is How the Dream Derailed: The History of African Americans in Waterloo, Working At Rath, Where is Today's Local 46?". Medium. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Schumaker, Kathryn (2013). "The Politics of Youth: Civil Rights Reform in the Waterloo Public Schools". The Annals of Iowa. 72. Retrieved 2016-02-14.
  15. ^ a b c Jamison, Tim. "Report: Waterloo is Iowa's most segregated large city". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Writer, AMIE STEFFEN Courier Staff. "Waterloo race relations still an issue 40 years after city report". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Telegraph - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  18. ^ Writer, ANDREW WIND, Courier Staff. "Vilsack looking to Waterloo in closing achievement gap for black males". Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  19. ^ "The Worst Cities For Black Americans". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
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External links

Historic


Coordinates: 42°29′33″N 92°20′46″W / 42.492436°N 92.346161°W

Adam DeVine

Adam Patrick DeVine (born November 7, 1983) is an American actor, comedian, screenwriter, producer, and singer. He is one of the stars and co-creators of the Comedy Central series Workaholics, as well as Adam DeVine's House Party.He plays the role of Bumper in the musical films Pitch Perfect and Pitch Perfect 2 and Andy in the sitcom Modern Family. His other roles include Neighbors, The Intern, The Final Girls, Mike and Dave Need Wedding Dates, Game Over, Man! and When We First Met. He has voiced characters in films including Ice Age: Collision Course and The Lego Batman Movie. DeVine has voiced characters on animated series Uncle Grandpa, Penn Zero: Part-Time Hero, and Vampirina.

Albert C. Willford

Albert Clinton Willford (September 21, 1877 – March 10, 1937) was a Democratic U.S. Representative from Iowa's 3rd congressional district and supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt's "New Deal." He was elected in 1932, defeated in 1934, and failed to regain his seat in 1936.

Born in Vinton, Iowa, Willford attended the country and town schools, and Tilford's Academy, in Vinton. He was employed as chief engineer of the electric light, power, and water company at Vinton from 1900 to 1907. He moved to Waterloo, Iowa, in 1907 and engaged in the manufacture of ice until 1910, when he engaged in the seed, feed, and coal business.

Before running for Congress he served as a trustee of the Waterloo Public Library (1918–1930), a member of the Black Hawk County Jury Commission (1922–1924), the president of the Iowa Stationary Engineers Association, the president of the Iowa Chapter of the Izaak Walton League (1927–1929), and the president of the Waterloo Baseball Club (1923–1927).

Willford was the third Democrat elected in Iowa's 3rd congressional district since its creation in 1860. He was elected as part of Roosevelt's 1932 landslide, defeating a five-term incumbent congressman, Republican Thomas J. B. Robinson.

Willford served in Congress from March 4, 1933, to January 3, 1935. Like the two earlier Democrats from his district, he was not re-elected to a second term. He was defeated by Republican John W. Gwynne in 1934, and then resumed his former pursuits in Waterloo. He lost an attempt in 1936 to regain his seat.

Another Democrat would not win election in the 3rd district until 1986, when David R. Nagle won election to an open seat created by the retirement of T. Cooper Evans. Nagle would become the first Democrat from the district to serve more than one term.

Willford died on March 10, 1937, shortly after his failed bid to regain his seat. He was interred in Memorial Park Cemetery.

Black Hawk County Courthouse (Iowa)

The Black Hawk County Courthouse is located in downtown Waterloo, Iowa, United States. It is the third dedicated courthouse to house the county's offices since it was created in 1843.

Cedar Valley Roller Derby

Cedar Valley Roller Derby is a women's flat track roller derby league based in Waterloo, Iowa. Founded in 2010, the league consists of two teams, which compete against teams from other leagues, and is a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA).The league played its first home bout in April 2011, debuting at the McElroy Auditorium to a crowd of 2,300 fans. At that time, the league had around thirty skaters.The league was accepted as a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association Apprentice Programme in July 2012, and became a full member of the WFTDA in June 2013.Founded as Cedar Valley Derby Divas, the organization announced on its facebook page in 2015 that it was rebranding as Cedar Valley Roller Derby, which it continues under today.

Columbus High School (Waterloo, Iowa)

Columbus High School (CHS), also known as Columbus Catholic High School, is a Catholic high school in Waterloo, Iowa. Columbus High School is located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dubuque and is part of the Cedar Valley Catholic School system.

Dan Gable

Danny Mack "Dan" Gable (born October 25, 1948) is an American former folkstyle and freestyle wrestler and coach. He is a two-time NCAA Division I national champion, a world gold medalist, and an Olympic gold medalist. Gable was only the third wrestler to have ever been inducted into the United World Wrestling's Hall of Fame in the Legend category.

Highland Historic District (Waterloo, Iowa)

The Highland Historic District is a nationally recognized historic district located in Waterloo, Iowa, United States. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. Because of industrial growth the city's population doubled between 1890 and 1900, and then again between 1900 and 1910. The housing development named the Highlands was developed during this period of economic growth. John Steely, a real estate broker, and Lewis Lichty, an attorney who owned the Waterloo Canning Company, bought the property known as sandhill in 1901, and opened an office for the Highland Land Company in the Century Building in 1905. The historic district is all residential buildings. The oldest house predates the development having been built in 1900. Otherwise construction began in the center of the district in 1908 and moved outward. By 1942 all but 15 houses were built. They are all frame construction with exteriors composed of wood, stucco, brick and stone. Styles popular in the district include Colonial Revival, Tudor Revival and American Craftsman. Waterloo architect Mortimer B. Cleveland is responsible for designing at least 39 of the houses here. Chicago landscape architect Howard Evarts Weed designed the Square and boulevard plantings. This was Waterloo's first suburban residential development. It became the enclave for the city's industrial and professional elite in the first half of the 20th century.

Hotel President (Waterloo, Iowa)

The Hotel President, also known as the Park Towers Apartments, is an historic building located in downtown Waterloo, Iowa, United States. The building was completed in 1929, and it opened as a "showcase hotel." In 1948, Paul "Pinkie" George and five other wrestling promoters from the Midwest founded the National Wrestling Alliance in the hotel. The manager of the hotel at the time was Lark Gable, the grandfather of Olympic gold medal winner Dan Gable. Various companies owned and operated the hotel until it was acquired in 1968 by Elders Inc., a nonprofit group of churches. They converted the building into subsidized housing. It was bought by local developers Brent Dahlstrom and Jim Sulentic in 2011 and they sold it to Huntley Witmer Development of Los Angeles. Huntley Witmer spent $12 million in 2015 renovating the building that continues to house 84 units of federally subsidized housing. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2017.

Jason Lewis (Minnesota politician)

Jason Mark Lewis (born September 23, 1955) is an American politician and Republican Party member who was the U.S. Representative for Minnesota's 2nd congressional district for one term. Before being elected, Lewis was a radio talk show host, political commentator, and writer. He worked in Denver, Charlotte, and Minneapolis–Saint Paul before hosting the nationally syndicated Jason Lewis Show from 2009 to 2014. In the November 2018 general election, Lewis was defeated by Democrat Angie Craig.

KFMW

KFMW (107.9 FM), known as "Rock 108", is a radio station based in Waterloo, Iowa. The station has an active rock format. Its signal is transmitted from the AFLAC Tower north of Rowley, Iowa.

KWWL (TV)

KWWL is a dual NBC/CW-affiliated television station licensed to Waterloo, Iowa, United States and serving the Eastern Iowa television market (Cedar Rapids–Waterloo–Iowa City–Dubuque). It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on virtual and VHF channel 7 from a transmitter located north of Rowley, Iowa, a city in Buchanan County. The station can also be seen on Mediacom channel 7 and in high definition on digital channel 807. Owned by Quincy Media, KWWL maintains studios on East 5th Street in Waterloo. The station also operates newsrooms and sales offices in Cedar Rapids, Dubuque and Iowa City.

Master Service Station (Waterloo, Iowa)

Master Service Station, also known as Bennett's Tire & Battery Co., is a historic building located in Waterloo, Iowa, United States. This was one of the first "super service stations" built in the city. Developed in California in the early 1920s, they combined a filling station with other auto-related services. The first one was built in Waterloo in 1928, and this was one of three that opened in 1930. Located on a corner lot, it is a single-story structure that follows an L-shaped plan. The building exhibits both Art Deco (piers) and Spanish Colonial Revival (tower and tile roof). Its original owner, Homer L. Lichty, lost the business to bankruptcy in 1932. The station was acquired by John G. Miller, who constructed the building. Miller sold the station in 1934. Bennett's Tire & Brake Co., a Waterloo Goodyear tire dealer, moved in sometime after that and remained until 1960. The Waterloo Convention & Visitors Bureau is now located in the building. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011.

Robert D. Fulton

Robert David Fulton (born May 13, 1929) is an American politician who briefly served as the 37th Governor of Iowa during the first 16 days of 1969. He also served as the Lieutenant Governor of Iowa from 1965 to 1969. He is notable for being both Iowa's 37th Governor and Lieutenant Governor.

Roosevelt Elementary School (Waterloo, Iowa)

The Roosevelt Elementary School at 200 E. Arlington St. in Waterloo, Iowa was built during 1921-22 and extended in 1954. It was a Late Gothic Revival architecture work by Waterloo architect Mortimer B. Cleveland.It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. It was deemed significant in the areas of education and architecture. As for education, its library served the local community as well as the school.

The Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier

The Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier is a daily afternoon newspaper published by Lee Enterprises for people living in Waterloo and Cedar Falls, Iowa as well as northeast Iowa.

The first issue of The Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier was published on November 22, 1859, by WH Hartman and George Ingersoll. The Courier changed to a daily newspaper in 1890, publishing in the afternoon every day except Saturday. In spring 2004, a Saturday morning edition was added.

Walnut Street Baptist Church (Waterloo, Iowa)

Walnut Street Baptist Church is a church building in downtown Waterloo, Iowa, United States. It has also been known as Faith Temple Baptist Church.

Built in 1908, it was designed for its triangular lot by Waterloo architect Clinton P. Shockley. Although the main exterior materials are merely brick plus stone and concrete trim, the building reflects multiple architectural influences:Thebuilding exhibits the influence of a combination of contemporary architectural styles and trends of the early 20th century including the English Arts and Crafts movement and the Chicago School with minor indications of the academic tradition of the Beaux-Arts.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.The Walnut Street Baptist Church congregation worshiped in the facility from its construction until 1970. The congregation was an early leader in the General Association of Regular Baptist Churches. Upon relocating to a new facility and changing its name to Walnut Ridge Baptist Church, the congregation sold the downtown site to Faith Temple Baptist Church (American Baptist Churches USA).

Clinton Phillip Shockley began his architectural practice in 1906. This was an important work for him. He and Mortimer Cleveland were "by far" the most qualified architects in Iowa and were able to win contracts that would previously have gone to non-Iowa firms.

Waterloo Black Hawks

The Waterloo Black Hawks are a Tier I junior ice hockey team playing in the Western Conference of the United States Hockey League (USHL) under president, general manager, and head coach P.K. O'Handley. The Black Hawks' home ice is the Young Arena in Waterloo, Iowa.

Waterloo Bucks

The Waterloo Bucks are a baseball team that plays in the Northwoods League, a collegiate summer baseball league. Their home games are played at the Riverfront Stadium in Waterloo, Iowa. They were founded in 1995. They originally played in the South Division, but switched to the North Division in 2010.

On September 29, 2014, The Cedar Rapids Ball Club, Inc. announced that they had officially completed the purchase and taken over operations of the team. The Cedar Rapids Ball Club, Inc. is the also the owner of Cedar Rapids Kernels.

Whittier School (Waterloo, Iowa)

Whittier School is a historic building located in Waterloo, Iowa, United States. The city's west side began a period of rapid growth in the 1890s. By 1904 the property for this school had been purchased for $9,270. Waterloo architect John G. Ralston designed this and the new Emerson School at the same time, and they both opened in 1906. Whitter was part of the development of Waterloo's streetcar subdivions during the city's housing boom from 1900 to 1920. It was built in four phases between 1906 and 1915. Its H-shape design is an example of the "Platoon School" design, which was meant to improve the health and education of the students by providing more windows for better ventilation and lighting. The structure is also reminiscent of the American Foursquare houses in the surrounding neighborhoods. The building was closed in 1981, and it was later sold. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. The former school has been converted into apartments for low to moderate income people.

Climate data for Waterloo Regional Airport, Iowa (1981–2010 normals,[25] extremes 1895–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
71
(22)
87
(31)
100
(38)
108
(42)
107
(42)
112
(44)
110
(43)
102
(39)
95
(35)
83
(28)
67
(19)
112
(44)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 46.9
(8.3)
51.8
(11.0)
71.7
(22.1)
83.2
(28.4)
88.0
(31.1)
93.3
(34.1)
94.9
(34.9)
93.0
(33.9)
89.8
(32.1)
82.5
(28.1)
66.5
(19.2)
48.8
(9.3)
96.6
(35.9)
Average high °F (°C) 27.4
(−2.6)
32.2
(0.1)
45.6
(7.6)
60.6
(15.9)
72.0
(22.2)
81.2
(27.3)
84.4
(29.1)
82.2
(27.9)
75.3
(24.1)
61.9
(16.6)
45.9
(7.7)
30.8
(−0.7)
58.4
(14.7)
Average low °F (°C) 9.5
(−12.5)
14.6
(−9.7)
26.0
(−3.3)
37.2
(2.9)
49.0
(9.4)
58.9
(14.9)
62.8
(17.1)
60.2
(15.7)
50.7
(10.4)
38.7
(3.7)
26.8
(−2.9)
13.5
(−10.3)
37.4
(3.0)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −14.9
(−26.1)
−10.7
(−23.7)
4.9
(−15.1)
19.6
(−6.9)
33.4
(0.8)
44.9
(7.2)
50.7
(10.4)
46.9
(8.3)
32.9
(0.5)
21.5
(−5.8)
8.7
(−12.9)
−10.4
(−23.6)
−19.6
(−28.7)
Record low °F (°C) −34
(−37)
−31
(−35)
−34
(−37)
−4
(−20)
22
(−6)
33
(1)
42
(6)
33
(1)
19
(−7)
0
(−18)
−17
(−27)
−29
(−34)
−34
(−37)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.83
(21)
0.99
(25)
2.06
(52)
3.71
(94)
4.53
(115)
4.98
(126)
4.91
(125)
4.27
(108)
2.63
(67)
2.48
(63)
2.01
(51)
1.20
(30)
34.60
(879)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.2
(21)
7.4
(19)
4.6
(12)
1.8
(4.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.76)
3.1
(7.9)
9.9
(25)
35.3
(90)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.2 7.4 9.7 10.9 12.4 11.5 9.7 9.1 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.4 111.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.5 5.6 3.4 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 2.9 6.9 26.6
Average relative humidity (%) 73.0 73.8 72.7 66.4 65.7 67.7 71.9 73.7 73.7 69.9 74.8 77.2 71.8
Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–90),[24][26][27]
Municipalities and communities of Black Hawk County, Iowa, United States
Cities
Townships
CDP
Other
unincorporated
communities
Footnotes

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