Greater London has a number of waste disposal authorities, responsible for waste collection and disposal. Prior to the abolition of the Greater London Council in 1986, it was the waste authority for Greater London.
The joint authorities are made up of councillors nominated from the borough councils. They are funded by a levy on the local authorities.
The other boroughs—that is to say the City of Westminster and the City of London along with Bexley, Bromley, Croydon, Greenwich, Kingston, Lewisham, Merton, Southwark, Sutton and Tower Hamlets—are independent waste authorities in their own right.
The four boroughs of Croydon, Kingston, Merton and Sutton work together in a voluntary capacity as the South London Waste Partnership.
The ODPM proposed in 2006, as part of other transfers of powers to the Greater London Authority, to give it a waste function. The Mayor of London has made repeated attempts to bring the different waste authorities together, to form a single waste authority in London similar to the Greater Manchester Waste Disposal Authority which deals with waste from all households in Greater Manchester. This has faced significant opposition from existing authorities. However, it has had significant support from all other sectors and the surrounding regions managing most of London's waste.