Washington metropolitan area

The Washington metropolitan area is the metropolitan area centered on Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. The area includes all of the federal district and parts of the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia, along with a small portion of West Virginia. While not a part of the Washington metropolitan area, St. Mary's County is part of the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area.

The Washington metropolitan area is one of the most educated and most affluent metropolitan areas in the US.[6] The metro area anchors the southern end of the densely populated Northeast megalopolis with an estimated total population of 6,216,589 as of the 2017 U.S. Census Bureau estimate,[7] making it the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the nation[8] and the largest metropolitan area in the Census Bureau's South Atlantic division.[9]

Washington metropolitan area
(Washington – Arlington – Alexandria)
Old Town Alexandria
Rosslyn 2013 02
US Navy 030926-F-2828D-307 Aerial view of the Washington Monument
Nickname(s): 
DMV[1][2] (D.C., Maryland, Virginia)
Country United States
U.S. state/federal district District of Columbia
Virginia
Maryland
West Virginia
Principal municipalitiesWashington, Alexandria
Area
(2010)
 • Urban
1,407.0 sq mi (3,644.2 km2)
 • Metro
5,564.6 sq mi (14,412 km2)
Elevation
0–2,350 ft (0–716 m)
Population
 (2016)[3][4][5]
 • Metropolitan area6,133,552 (6th)
 • Density1,084/sq mi (418.7/km2)
 • Urban
4,586,770 (8th)
 • CSA (2010)
9,546,579 (4th)
Time zoneUTC-5 (ET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EST)

Nomenclature

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget defines the area as the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV metropolitan statistical area, a metropolitan statistical area used for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau and other agencies. The region's three largest cities are the federal territory of Washington, D.C., the county (and census-designated place) of Arlington, and the independent city of Alexandria. The Office of Management and Budget also includes the metropolitan statistical area as part of the larger Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area, which has a population of 9,546,579 as of the 2014 Census Estimate.[10]

The area is also sometimes referred to as the National Capital Region, particularly by federal agencies such as the military[11] and Department of Homeland Security.[12] Another term used to describe the region is the D.C. Area. The area in the region that is surrounded by Interstate 495 is also referred to as being "inside the Beltway". The city of Washington, which is at the center of the area, is referred to as "the District" because it is the federal District of Columbia, and is not part of any state. The Virginian portion of the region is known as Northern Virginia.

Composition

Washington STS090-712-040
Satellite photo of the Washington metropolitan area
Dc22counties
Map highlighting labor patterns of regional counties

The U.S. Census Bureau divides the Washington statistical metropolitan area into two metropolitan divisions:[13]

  • Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Division, comprising the majority of the metropolitan area
  • Silver Spring–Frederick–Rockville, MD Metropolitan Division, consisting of Montgomery and Frederick counties

Political subdivisions

The area includes the following counties, districts, and independent cities:[13]

District of Columbia

Maryland

Virginia

West Virginia

Historical populations - Washington Metropolitan Area
Census Pop.
19501,464,089
19602,001,89736.7%
19702,861,12342.9%
19803,060,9227.0%
19903,923,57428.2%
20004,923,15325.5%
20105,636,23214.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

Regional organizations

Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments

Founded in 1957, the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG) is a regional organization of 21 Washington-area local governments, as well as area members of the Maryland and Virginia state legislatures, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives. MWCOG provides a forum for discussion and the development of regional responses to issues regarding the environment, transportation, public safety, homeland security, affordable housing, community planning, and economic development.[14]

The National Capital Region Transportation Planning Board, a component of MWCOG, is the federally designated metropolitan planning organization for the metropolitan Washington area.[15]

Principal cities

Washington, D.C. - 2007 aerial view
View of downtown Washington, with the skylines of Arlington and Tysons Corner in the distance.

The metropolitan area includes the following principal cities (not all of which are incorporated as cities; one, Arlington, is actually a county, and Bethesda, Reston, and Silver Spring are unincorporated CDPs.)[16]

Demographics

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2016 69.0% 1,860,678 25.7% 692,743 5.4% 145,269
2012 67.5% 1,813,963 30.9% 829,567 1.7% 44,708
2008 68.0% 1,603,902 31.0% 728,916 1.0% 25,288
2004 61.0% 1,258,743 38.0% 785,144 1.4% 19,735
2000 58.5% 1,023,089 37.9% 663,590 3.6% 62,437
1996 57.0% 861,881 37.0% 558,830 6.0% 89,259
1992 53.0% 859,889 34.1% 553.369 12.9% 209,651
1988 50.4% 684,453 48.6% 659,344 1.0% 14,219
1984 51.0% 653,568 48.5% 621,377 0.4% 5,656
1980 44.7% 484,590 44.6% 482,506 11.1% 115,797
1976 54.2% 590,481 44.9% 488,995 1.0% 10,654
1972 44.2% 431,257 54.8% 534,235 1.1% 10,825
1968 49.4% 414,345 39.1% 327,662 11.5% 96,701
1964 69.8% 495,490 30.2% 214,293 0.1% 462
1960 52.5% 204,614 47.3% 184,499 0.1% 593
Alexandria, Virginia (6045513083)
The southern portion of the Capital Beltway along the Potomac River, featuring portions of Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia.
Old Town Alexandria, Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling, and National Harbor, Maryland are visible.

Politics

The relative strength of the major political parties within the region is shown by the presidential election results since 1960, as presented in the adjacent table.

Racial composition

The area has been a magnet for international immigration since the late 1960s. It is also a magnet for internal migration (persons moving from one region of the U.S. to another).[17]

Racial composition of the Washington, D.C. area:

2016 American Community Survey

  • Non-Hispanic White : 45.8%
  • Black or African American : 24.9%
  • Hispanic or Latino : 15.5%
  • Asian : 10.0%
  • Mixed and Other : 3.8%
Hispanic Origin Asian Origin
5.2% Salvadoran 2.7% Indian
2.3% Mexican 1.8% Chinese
1.2% Honduran 1.3% Korean
1.1% Guatemalan 1.2% Vietnamese
0.9% Puerto Rican 1.0% Filipino
0.8% Peruvian 0.5% Pakistani
0.7% Bolivian 0.2% Japanese
0.5% Colombian 0.2% Thai
0.4% Dominican 0.2% Bangladeshi
2.4% Other 1.0% Other

2010 U.S. Census

2006

[18]

1980

  • White : 67.8%
  • Black : 26.0%
  • Asian : 2.5%
  • Hispanic : 2.8%
  • Mixed and Other : 0.9%

Social indicators

The Washington metropolitan area has ranked as the highest-educated metropolitan area in the nation for four decades.[19] As of the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, the three most educated places with 200,000 people or more in Washington–Arlington–Alexandria by bachelor's degree attainment (population 25 and over) are Arlington, Virginia (68.0%), Fairfax County, Virginia (58.8%), and Montgomery County, Maryland (56.4%).[20] Forbes magazine stated in its 2008 "America's Best- And Worst-Educated Cities" report: "The D.C. area is less than half the size of L.A., but both cities have around 100,000 Ph.D.'s."[21]

The Washington, D.C. metro area has held the top spot in the American College of Sports Medicine's annual American Fitness Index ranking of the United States' 50 most populous metropolitan areas for two years running. The report cites, among other things, the high average fitness level and healthy eating habits of residents, the widespread availability of health care and facilities such as swimming pools, tennis courts, and parks, low rates of obesity and tobacco use relative to the national average, and the high median household income as contributors to the city's community health.[22]

Tysons Corner Center Mall (6923507902)
The average household income within a 5 mi (8.0 km) radius of Tysons Corner Center is $174,809.[23]

In the 21st century, the Washington metropolitan area has overtaken the San Francisco Bay Area as the highest-income metropolitan area in the nation.[6] The median household income of the region is US$72,800. The two highest median household income counties in the nation – Loudoun and Fairfax County, Virginia – are components of the MSA (and #3 is Howard County, officially in Baltimore's sphere but strongly connected with Washington's); measured in this way, Alexandria ranks 10th among municipalities in the region – 11th if Howard is included – and 23rd in the entire United States. 12.2% of Northern Virginia's 881,136 households, 8.5% of suburban Maryland's 799,300 households, and 8.2% of Washington's 249,805 households have an annual income in excess of $200,000, compared to 3.7% nationally.[24]

According to a report by the American Human Development Project, women in the Washington metropolitan area are ranked as having the highest income and educational attainment among the 25 most populous metropolitan areas in the nation, while Asian American women in the region had the highest life expectancy, at 92.3 years.[25]

County 2016 Estimate 2010 Census Change Area Density
Washington, D.C. 681,170 601,723 +13.20% 61.05 sq mi (158.1 km2) 11,158/sq mi (4,308/km2)
Calvert County, Maryland 91,251 88,737 +2.83% 213.15 sq mi (552.1 km2) 428/sq mi (165/km2)
Charles County, Maryland 157,705 146,551 +7.61% 457.75 sq mi (1,185.6 km2) 345/sq mi (133/km2)
Frederick County, Maryland 247,591 233,385 +6.09% 660.22 sq mi (1,710.0 km2) 375/sq mi (145/km2)
Montgomery County, Maryland 1,043,863 971,777 +7.42% 491.25 sq mi (1,272.3 km2) 2,125/sq mi (820/km2)
Prince George's County, Maryland 908,049 863,420 +5.17% 482.69 sq mi (1,250.2 km2) 1,881/sq mi (726/km2)
Alexandria, Virginia 155,810 139,966 +11.32% 15.03 sq mi (38.9 km2) 10,367/sq mi (4,003/km2)
Arlington County, Virginia 230,050 207,627 +10.80% 25.97 sq mi (67.3 km2) 8,858/sq mi (3,420/km2)
Clarke County, Virginia 14,374 14,034 +2.42% 176.18 sq mi (456.3 km2) 82/sq mi (32/km2)
Culpeper County, Virginia 50,083 46,689 +7.27% 379.23 sq mi (982.2 km2) 132/sq mi (51/km2)
Fairfax County, Virginia 1,138,652 1,081,726 +5.26% 390.97 sq mi (1,012.6 km2) 2,912/sq mi (1,124/km2)
Fairfax City, Virginia 24,164 22,565 +7.09% 6.24 sq mi (16.2 km2) 3,872/sq mi (1,495/km2)
Falls Church, Virginia 14,014 12,332 +13.64% 2.00 sq mi (5.2 km2) 7,007/sq mi (2,705/km2)
Fauquier County, Virginia 69,069 65,203 +5.93% 647.45 sq mi (1,676.9 km2) 107/sq mi (41/km2)
Fredericksburg, Virginia 28,297 24,286 +16.52% 10.44 sq mi (27.0 km2) 2,710/sq mi (1,047/km2)
Loudoun County, Virginia 385,945 312,311 +23.58% 515.56 sq mi (1,335.3 km2) 749/sq mi (289/km2)
Manassas, Virginia 41,483 37,821 +9.68% 9.88 sq mi (25.6 km2) 4,199/sq mi (1,621/km2)
Manassas Park, Virginia 15,915 14,273 +11.50% 2.53 sq mi (6.6 km2) 6,291/sq mi (2,429/km2)
Prince William County, Virginia 455,210 402,002 +13.24% 336.40 sq mi (871.3 km2) 1,353/sq mi (522/km2)
Rappahannock County, Virginia 7,388 7,373 +0.20% 266.23 sq mi (689.5 km2) 28/sq mi (11/km2)
Spotsylvania County, Virginia 132,010 122,397 +7.85% 401.50 sq mi (1,039.9 km2) 329/sq mi (127/km2)
Stafford County, Virginia 144,361 128,961 +11.94% 268.96 sq mi (696.6 km2) 537/sq mi (207/km2)
Warren County, Virginia 39,155 37,575 +4.20% 213.47 sq mi (552.9 km2) 183/sq mi (71/km2)
Total 6,131,977 5,636,232 +8.80% 5,564.6 sq mi (14,412 km2) 1,102/sq mi (425/km2)

Economy

Stand up scene (8712578924)
Rosslyn is home to the tallest high-rises in the region, partly due to the District's height restrictions. As a result, many of the region's tallest buildings are outside the city proper.[26][27]

The Washington, D.C. area has the largest science and engineering work force of any metropolitan area in the nation in 2006 according to the Greater Washington Initiative at 324,530, ahead of the combined San Francisco Bay Area work force of 214,500, and Chicago metropolitan area at 203,090, citing data from U.S. Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Claritas Inc., and other sources.[6]

The Washington, D.C. area was ranked as the second best High-Tech Center in a statistical analysis of the top 100 Metropolitan areas in the United States by American City Business Journals in May 2009, behind the Silicon Valley and ahead of the Boston metropolitan area.[28] Fueling the metropolitan area's ranking was the reported 241,264 tech jobs in the region, a total eclipsed only by New York, Los Angeles, and the San Francisco Bay Area, as well as the highest master's or doctoral degree attainment among the 100 ranked metropolitan areas.[28] A Dice.com report showed that the Washington–Baltimore area had the second-highest number of tech jobs listed: 8,289, after the New York metro area with 9,195 jobs.[29]

Real estate and housing market

Changes in house prices for the D.C. area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market.

McLean ZIP code 22102 had the highest median home prices among ZIP codes within the Washington metropolitan area as of 2013.[30]

Net worth, wealth disparities, and business ownership

The economy of the Washington metropolitan region is characterized by significant wealth disparities, which were heightened by the Great Recession and the 2007–09 housing crisis, which adversely affected black and Hispanic households more than other households.[31][32]

A 2016 Urban Institute report found that the median net worth (i.e., assets minus debt) for white households in the D.C. region was $284,000, while the median net worth for Hispanic/Latino households was $13,000, and for African American households as $3,500.[31][32] Asian Americans had the highest median net worth in the Washington area ($220,000 for Chinese American households, $430,000 for Vietnamese American households, $496,000 for Korean American households, and $573,000 for Indian American households).[31][32]

Although the median net worth for white D.C.-area households was 81 times that of black D.C.-area households, the two groups had comparable rates of business ownership (about 9%). The Urban Institute report suggests that this "may be driven by the presence of a large federal government and a local district government whose membership and constituents have been largely Black, coupled with government policies designed to increase contracting opportunities for minority-owned businesses."[31][32]

Primary industries

NIH Clinical Center south entrance
NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda.

Biotechnology

The Washington metropolitan area has a significant biotechnology industry; companies with a major presence in the region as of 2011 include Merck, Pfizer, Human Genome Sciences, Martek Biosciences, MedImmune and Qiagen.[33]

Defense contracting

Many defense contractors are based in the region to be close to the Pentagon in Arlington. Local defense contractors include Lockheed Martin, the largest, as well as Raytheon, General Dynamics, BAE Systems, Northrup Grumman,[34] Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC), Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), CACI, and Orbital Sciences Corporation.

Tourism

Tourism is a significant industry in the Washington metropolitan region. In 2015, more than 74,000 tourism-sector jobs existed in the District of Columbia, a record-setting 19.3 million domestic tourists visited the city, and domestic and international tourists combined spent $7.1 billion.[35][36] The convention industry is also significant; in 2016, D.C. hosted fifteen "city-wide conventions" with an estimated total economic impact of $277.9 million.[35]

Tourism is also significant outside the District of Columbia; in 2015, a record-setting $3.06 billion in tourism spending was reported in Arlington, Virginia, and $2.9 billion in Fairfax County, Virginia.[37] A 2016 National Park Service report estimated that there were 56 million visitors to national parks in the National Capital Region, sustaining 16,917 and generating close to $1.6 billion in economy impact.[38]

Largest companies

Capital One World Headquarters
Capital One Tower in Tysons, the tallest building in the region and centerpiece of the 5,000,000 sq ft (464,500 m2) headquarter campus for Capital One.[39]
Largest public companies (Fortune 500 2018)[40]
Company Industry Headquarters National rank
AES Corporation Energy Arlington, Virginia 214
Booz Allen Hamilton Defense McLean, Virginia 482
Capital One Finance McLean, Virginia 101
Danaher Corporation Conglomerate Washington, D.C. 162
DXC Technology Information technology Tysons, Virginia 374
Discovery Communications Mass media Silver Spring, Maryland 409
Fannie Mae Finance Washington, D.C. 21
Freddie Mac Finance McLean, Virginia 38
General Dynamics Defense Falls Church, Virginia 99
Hilton Hotels Corporation Hospitality McLean, Virginia 324
Leidos Defense Reston, Virginia 292
Lockheed Martin Defense Bethesda, Maryland 59
Marriott International Hospitality Bethesda, Maryland 127
Northrop Grumman Defense Falls Church, Virginia 118
NVR, Inc. Construction Reston, Virginia 444
Largest private companies (Forbes America's Largest Private Companies 2016)[41]
Company Industry Headquarters National rank
BrightView Landscaping Rockville, Maryland 220
Carahsoft Defense Reston, Virginia 161
Clark Construction Construction Bethesda, Maryland 102
Mars, Incorporated Food processing McLean, Virginia 7

History

NGA New HQ
NGA headquarters in Fort Belvoir.

The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure resulted in a significant shuffling of military, civilian, and defense contractor employees in the Washington, D.C., area. The largest individual site impacts of the time are as follows:[42]

BRAC 2005 was the largest infrastructure expansion by the Army Corps of Engineers since World War II, resulting in the Mark Center, tallest building they have ever constructed, as well as National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Campus East, which at 2.4 million square feet is the largest building the Corps have constructed since the Pentagon.[43]

Transportation

WMATA metro center crossvault
The Metro Center station on the Washington Metro

'WMATA'-indicated systems are run by Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority and always accept Washington Metro fare cards, others may or may not.

Major airports

Rail transit systems

Bus transit systems

Major roads

Bicycle sharing

Culture

Sports teams

Listing of the professional sports teams in the Washington metropolitan area:

Media

The Washington metropolitan area is home to USA Today, C-SPAN, PBS, NPR, POLITICO, BET, TV One and Discovery Communications. The two main newspapers are The Washington Post and The Washington Times. Local television channels include WRC-TV 4 (NBC), WTTG 5 (FOX), WJLA 7 (ABC), WUSA 9 (CBS), WDCA 20 (MyNetworkTV), WETA-TV 26 (PBS), WDCW 50 (CW), and WPXW 66 (Ion). WJLA 24/7 News is a local news provider available only to cable subscribers. Radio stations serving the area include: WETA-FM, WIHT, WMAL-AM, and WTOP.

Area codes

  • 202 – Washington, D.C.
  • 571/703 – Northern Virginia including the cities of Alexandria, Fairfax, and Falls Church as well as Arlington, Fairfax, and Loudoun counties (571 created March 1, 2000; 703 in October 1947).
  • 240/301 – portions of Maryland in the Greater Washington, D.C. metro area, southern Maryland, and western Maryland
  • 540 – Fredericksburg/Spotsylvania/Warrenton
  • 304/681 – Jefferson County, West Virginia

Sister cities

City Country Year
Washington, D.C.
Bangkok  Thailand 1962, renewed 2002
Dakar  Senegal 1980, renewed 2006
Beijing China 1984, renewed 2004
Brussels  Belgium 1985, renewed 2012
Athens  Greece 2000
Paris[Note 1]  France 2000, renewed 2005
Pretoria  South Africa 2002, renewed 2008
Seoul  South Korea 2006
Accra  Ghana 2006
Sunderland  United Kingdom 2006
Alexandria, Virginia
Gyumri  Armenia
Helsingborg  Sweden
Dundee[Note 2]  United Kingdom
Caen  France
Arlington County, Virginia
Aachen  Germany
Reims  France
San Miguel  El Salvador
Coyoacán  Mexico
Ivano-Frankivsk[Note 3]  Ukraine
Herndon, Virginia
Runnymede[Note 4]  United Kingdom
Fairfax County, Virginia
Harbin[Note 5] China 2009
Songpa-gu[Note 6]  South Korea 2009
Falls Church, Virginia
Kokolopori  Democratic Republic of the Congo
District Heights, Maryland
Mbuji-Mayi  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Frederick, Maryland
Aquiraz  Brazil
Moerzheim  Germany
Schifferstadt  Germany
La Plata, Maryland
Jogeva County  Estonia
Walldorf  Germany
Rockville, Maryland
Pinneberg  Germany
  1. ^ Paris is a "Partner City" due to the one Sister City policy of that commune.[1]
  2. ^ "Historic Alexandria | City of Alexandria, VA". Oha.alexandriava.gov. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  3. ^ Exploration phase
  4. ^ Town twin [2]
  5. ^ Rejected by Washington due to not being a national capital.[3]
  6. ^ "Sisterhood Partnerships". Fairfaxcounty.gov. Archived from the original on March 21, 2016. Retrieved November 19, 2012.

See also

References

  1. ^ "After initial obscurity, 'The DMV' nickname for Washington area picks up speed". Washington Post. July 30, 2010.
  2. ^ Yager, Jane (July 30, 2010). "Nation's Capitol Now Known as 'the DMV'". Newser. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016: MSA". 2016 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016: CSA". 2016 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2016. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  5. ^ "Census Urban Area List". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Washington area richest, most educated in US: report". Washingtonpost.com. June 8, 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  7. ^ Clabaugh, Jeff (March 22, 2018). "Washington metro population climbs to 6.2 million". WTOP News. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  8. ^ "Four Texas Metro Areas Collectively Add More Than 400,000 People in the Last Year, Census Bureau Reports". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "Census Bureau Regions and Divisions with State FIPS Codes" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 10, 2016. Retrieved April 30, 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "National Capital Region – Office of National Capital Region Coordination". Department of Homeland Security. December 21, 2005. Archived from the original on December 12, 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2008.
  13. ^ a b "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. February 20, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 18, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  14. ^ "About Us". MWCOG.org. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  15. ^ "– Transportation – TPB". Mwcog.org. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  16. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). U.S. Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  17. ^ Frey, William H. (February 2002). "Metro Magnets for Minorities and Whites: Melting Pots, the New Sunbelt, and the Heartland" (PDF). Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  18. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Race Alone and Hispanic or Latino Origin for Counties: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006". Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  19. ^ de Vise, Daniel (July 15, 2010). "Washington region ranks as the best-educated in the country". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  20. ^ "2006–2008 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  21. ^ Zumbrun, Joshua (November 24, 2008). "America's Best- And Worst-Educated Cities". Forbes.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  22. ^ "Washington, DC (Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV MSA) 2010 AFI Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 12, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  23. ^ "Macerich Tysons Corner Center Market Profile" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 3, 2013.
  24. ^ "ACS 2005–2007". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  25. ^ "Women'S Well-Being" (PDF). Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  26. ^ Downey, Kirstin (May 6, 2007). "High-Rises Approved That Would Dwarf D.C". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  27. ^ "List of tallest buildings in DC, MD, VA, WV". Skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  28. ^ a b "The top 100 tech centers". Bizjournals. May 11, 2009. Archived from the original on February 16, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
  29. ^ Nathan Eddy (March 13, 2012). "Tech Jobs Flourish in Silicon Valley, but Other Regions Offer Opportunities: Dice Report". Eweek.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  30. ^ Brennan, Morgan. "America's Most Expensive Zip Codes In 2013: The Complete List". Forbes. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  31. ^ a b c d Perry Stein, Net worth of white households in D.C. region is 81 times that of black households,Washington Post (November 2, 2016).
  32. ^ a b c d Kilolo Kijakazi et al., The Color of Wealth in the Nation's Capital, Urban Institute (October 31, 2016).
  33. ^ Renee Winsky & Mark Herzog, Maryland, Virginia biotech industries take center stage in D.C., Washington Business Journal (June 28, 2011).
  34. ^ Censer, Marjorie (July 30, 2010). "Defense firm Northrop Grumman's second-quarter profit rose nearly 81 percent". The Washington Post.
  35. ^ a b Perry Stein, D.C. breaks tourist record in 2015 with visitors spending $7.1 billion, Washington Post (May 3, 2016).
  36. ^ Ben Nuckols, DC sets record with more than 2 million foreign tourists, Associated Press (August 24, 2016).
  37. ^ Arlington County Sets Tourism Spending Record with $3 Billion, CBS Washington (September 19, 2016).
  38. ^ Tourism at national parks in the Greater Washington area generates almost $1.6 billion in economic benefit (press release), National Park Service (April 21, 2016).
  39. ^ "Positive review for Capital One's massive headquarters in Tysons". American City Business Journals.
  40. ^ "Fortune 500". Fortune.com. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  41. ^ "America's Largest Private Companies". Forbes. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
  42. ^ Appendix C BRAC 2005 Closure and Realignment Impacts by State
  43. ^ Justin Matthew Ward (September 14, 2011). "BRAC 2005: on time, on budget in Northeast". army.mil.

External links

Coordinates: 38°53′12.33″N 77°2′29.85″W / 38.8867583°N 77.0416250°W

Ashburn, Virginia

Ashburn is a census-designated place (CDP) in Loudoun County, Virginia. As of the 2010 United States Census, its population was 43,511. It is 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Washington, D.C. and part of the Washington metropolitan area.

Baltimore metropolitan area

The Baltimore–Columbia–Towson Metropolitan Statistical Area, also known as Central Maryland, is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in Maryland as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB). As of the 2010 Census, the combined population of the seven counties is 2,710,489. The MSA has the fourth-highest median household income in the United States, at $66,970 in 2012.

Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area

The Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area (Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Combined Statistical Area) is a combined statistical area consisting of the overlapping labor market region of the cities of Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, Maryland. The region includes Central Maryland, Northern Virginia, three counties in the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia, and one county in South Central Pennsylvania. It is the most educated, highest-income, and fourth largest combined statistical area in the United States.Officially, the area is designated by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as the Washington–Baltimore–Arlington, DC–MD–VA–WV–PA Combined Statistical Area. It is composed primarily of two major metropolitan statistical areas (MSA), the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV MSA and the Baltimore–Columbia–Towson, MD MSA. In addition, six other smaller urban areas not contiguous to the main urban area but having strong commuting ties with the main area are also included in the metropolitan area. These are: the Hagerstown–Martinsburg, MD–WV MSA, the Chambersburg–Waynesboro, PA MSA, the Winchester, VA–WV MSA, the California–Lexington Park, MD MSA, the Easton, MD micropolitan statistical area (µSA), and the Cambridge, MD µSA.

Some counties such as Caroline and King George County, Virginia are not officially designated by the OMB as members of this metropolitan area, but still consider themselves members anyway. This is mostly due to their proximity to the area, the size of their commuter population, and by the influence of local broadcasting stations. The population of the entire Washington-Baltimore Combined Statistical Area as of the Census Bureau's 2012 Population Estimates is 9,331,587.

The most populous city is Washington, DC, with a population of 681,170. The most populous county is Fairfax County, Virginia, with a population exceeding 1.1 million.

College Park, Maryland

The City of College Park is in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, and is about 4 miles (6.4 km) from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. The population was 30,413 at the 2010 United States Census. It is best known as the home of the University of Maryland, College Park, and since 1994 the city has also been home to the National Archives at College Park, a facility of the U.S. National Archives, as well as to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Center for Weather and Climate Prediction (NCWCP).

Cowlitz County, Washington

Cowlitz County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 102,410. The county seat is Kelso, and its largest city is Longview. The county was formed in April 1854. Its name derives from the anglicized version of the Cowlitz Indian term, Cow-e-liske, meaning either "river of shifting sands" or "capturing the medicine spirit."

Cowlitz comprises the Longview, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA Combined Statistical Area.

Dulles, Virginia

Dulles () is an unincorporated area in Loudoun County, Virginia, which is part of the Washington metropolitan area. The headquarters of Orbital ATK, Radiant Solutions, and ODIN technologies and the former headquarters of MCI Inc. and AOL are located in Dulles. The National Weather Service Baltimore/Washington forecast office and the National Weather Service's Sterling Field Support Center are also both in Dulles.

Fauquier County, Virginia

Fauquier is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,203. The county seat is Warrenton.Fauquier County is in Northern Virginia and is a part of the Washington metropolitan area. The county is one of the fastest-growing and highest-income counties in the United States.

Kennewick, Washington

Kennewick () is a city in Benton County in the southeastern part of the State of Washington, along the southwest bank of the Columbia River, just southeast of the confluence of the Columbia and Yakima rivers and across from the confluence of the Columbia and the Snake River. It is the most populous of the three cities collectively referred to as the Tri-Cities (the others being Pasco across the Columbia and Richland across the Yakima). The population was 73,917 at the 2010 census. July 1, 2017 estimates from the Census Bureau put the city's population at 81,607.The nearest commercial airport is the Tri-Cities Airport in Pasco, a regional commercial and private airport.

Landover, Maryland

Landover is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. Landover is located within very close proximity to Washington D.C. although it does not directly border Washington D.C. unlike its neighboring communities, Chapel Oaks and Fairmount Heights, which directly border Washington D.C. and go all the way up to/ touch the Maryland/ D.C. line. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 23,078.Landover is contained between Sheriff Road and Central Avenue to the south, Hill Road, Cabin Branch Drive, and the Washington Metropolitan Area Orange Line tracks to the west, John Hanson Highway (U.S. Highway 50) to the west, and Washington D.C.'s Capital Beltway (Interstate 495) to the north and east. Landover borders the adjacent communities of New Carrollton, Landover Hills, Glenarden, Lanham, Ardmore, Kentland, Cheverly, Chapel Oaks, Fairmount Heights, Carmody Hills, Pepper Mill Village, Walker Mill, and Largo. The main roads/ highways that go through Landover are Pennsy Drive, Landover Road (MD 202), Martin Luther King Junior Highway (MD 704), Veterans Parkway (MD 410), Columbia Park Road, Cabin Branch Drive, Ardwick Ardmore Road, Brightseat Road, Redskins Road, Fedex Way, Hill Oaks Road, Nalley Road, Village Green Drive, Belle Haven Drive, Garrett Adams A. Morgan Boulevard, Sheriff Road, Hill Road, Central Avenue (MD 214), John Hanson Highway (U.S. Highway 50), and Washington D.C.'s Capital Beltway (Interstate 495).

Langley, Virginia

Langley is an unincorporated community in the census-designated place of McLean in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. Langley is often used as a metonym for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), as it is home to its headquarters, the George Bush Center for Intelligence. The land which makes up Langley today once belonged to Thomas Lee, former Crown Governor of the Colony of Virginia from 1749 to 1750. Lee’s land was named Langley in honor of Langley Hall, which was part of the Lee home estate in Shropshire, England. In 1839, 700 acres (283 ha) of land was purchased by Benjamin Mackall from the Lee family, while keeping the name.The community was essentially absorbed into McLean many years ago, although there is still a Langley High School. In addition to being a bedroom community for Washington, D.C. and home to the CIA's headquarters, the area is the site of the Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center of the Federal Highway Administration and the Claude Moore Colonial Farm of the National Park Service.

Seattle metropolitan area

The Seattle metropolitan area is an urban conglomeration in the U.S. state of Washington that includes Seattle and its surrounding satellites and suburbs. It includes the three most populous counties in the state—King, Snohomish, and Pierce—and is considered a component of the greater Puget Sound region. The United States Census Bureau defines the metropolitan area as the Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area. With an estimated population of 3,867,046 as of 2017, it is the 14th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in the United States, with almost half of Washington's population.

Skagit County, Washington

Skagit County is a county in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 116,901. The county seat and largest city is Mount Vernon. The county was formed in 1883 from Whatcom County and is named for the Skagit Indian tribe, which has been indigenous to the area prior to European-American settlement.

Skagit County comprises the Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, and is included in the Seattle-Tacoma, WA Combined Statistical Area. It is located in the Puget Sound region.

Spotsylvania County, Virginia

Spotsylvania County is a county in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2017 estimate, the population was 133,033. Its county seat is Spotsylvania Courthouse. Spotsylvania is a part of the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area. Spotsylvania is one of Virginia's fastest-growing counties, largely because of its desirable location along Interstate 95 and its midway point between Washington, D.C., and Richmond, Virginia. It is 66 miles from Washington, D.C. and 55 miles from Richmond, VA.

Thurston County, Washington

Thurston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 252,264. The county seat and largest city is Olympia, the state capital.

Thurston County was created out of Lewis County by the government of Oregon Territory on January 12, 1852. At that time, it covered all of the Puget Sound region and the Olympic Peninsula. On December 22 of the same year, Pierce, King, Island, and Jefferson counties were split off from Thurston County. It is named after Samuel R. Thurston, the Oregon Territory's first delegate to Congress.Thurston County comprises the Olympia-Tumwater, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Seattle-Tacoma, WA Combined Statistical Area.

Tysons Galleria

Tysons Galleria is a three-level super-regional mall owned by Brookfield Properties Retail Group located at 2001 International Drive in Tysons, Virginia. It is the second-largest mall in Tysons, and one of the largest in the Washington metropolitan area.

Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority

The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA wə-MAH-tə), commonly referred to as Metro, is a tri-jurisdictional government agency that operates transit service in the Washington metropolitan area. WMATA was created by the United States Congress as an interstate compact between the District of Columbia, the State of Maryland, and the Commonwealth of Virginia.

WMATA provides rapid transit service under the Metrorail name, fixed-route bus service under the Metrobus brand, and paratransit service under the MetroAccess brand. The authority is also part of a public–private partnership that operates the DC Circulator bus system. WMATA has its own police force, the Metro Transit Police Department.

The authority's Board of Directors consists of two voting representatives each from the District of Columbia, Maryland, Virginia, and the U.S. federal government. Each jurisdiction also appoints two alternate representatives. WMATA has no independent taxation authority and depends on its member jurisdictions for capital investments and operating subsidies.

In addition to ongoing operations, WMATA participates in regional transportation planning and is developing future expansions of its system. These projects include an extension of Metrorail to Dulles Airport, streetcar lines in the District and northern Virginia, and light rail in suburban Maryland.

Wenatchee–East Wenatchee metropolitan area

The Wenatchee–East Wenatchee Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of Chelan and Douglas Counties in Washington State, anchored by the cities of Wenatchee and East Wenatchee. According to the 2000 census the MSA had a population of 99,219. The 2010 census showed the MSA had a population increase of 11.76% to 110,884. As of 2015, the Wenatchee Metropolitan Statistical Area was the 331st largest MSA in the United States.

Yakima County, Washington

Yakima County is a county in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 243,231. The county seat and largest city is Yakima. The county was formed out of Ferguson County in January 1865 and is named for the Yakama tribe of Native Americans.

Yakima County comprises the Yakima, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

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