Warwick, Rhode Island

Warwick (/ˈwɔːrwɪk/) is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, the second largest city in the state with a population of 82,672 at the 2010 census. Warwick is located approximately 12 miles (19 km) south of downtown Providence, Rhode Island, 63 miles (101 km) southwest of Boston, Massachusetts, and 171 miles (275 km) northeast of New York City.

Warwick was founded by Samuel Gorton in 1642 and has witnessed major events in American history. It was decimated during King Philip's War (1675–76) and was the site of the Gaspee Affair, a significant prelude to the American Revolution. Warwick is also the home of Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene, George Washington's second-in-command, and Civil War General George S. Greene, hero of the battle of Gettysburg. Today, it is home to Rhode Island's main airport T. F. Green Airport, which serves the Providence area and also functions as a reliever for Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts.

City of Warwick
Warwick City Hall
Warwick City Hall
Location in Kent County and the state of Rhode Island
Location in Kent County and the state of Rhode Island
Coordinates: 41°43′N 71°25′W / 41.717°N 71.417°WCoordinates: 41°43′N 71°25′W / 41.717°N 71.417°W
CountryUnited States
StateRhode Island
CountyKent
Founded1642
Incorporated (Town)August 8, 1647
Incorporated (City)April 21, 1931
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorJoseph J. Solomon (D)
 • City CouncilRichard Corley (D)
Jeremy M. Rix (D)
Timothy Howe (D)
Edgar N. Ladouceur (D)
Donna M. Travis (D)
Steven McAllister (D)
Joseph E. Gallucci (D)
Steve Merolla (D)
Area
 • Total49.62 sq mi (128.52 km2)
 • Land35.50 sq mi (91.94 km2)
 • Water14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
Elevation
36 ft (11 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total82,672
 • Density2,328.8/sq mi (899.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
02886, 02888, 02889
Area code(s)401
FIPS code44-74300[1]
GNIS feature ID1220018[2]
Websitewww.warwickri.gov

Early history

Warwick was founded in 1642[3] by Samuel Gorton when Narragansett Indian Sachem Miantonomi sold him the Shawhomett Purchase for 144 fathoms of wampum. This included the towns of Coventry and West Warwick, Rhode Island. However, the purchase was not without dispute. Sachems Sacononoco and Pumham claimed that Miantonomi had sold the land without asking for their approval. They took their case to Boston, where they placed their lands under Massachusetts rule. In 1643, Massachusetts Bay Colony sent a militia force to Shawomett to arrest Gorton and his followers. After a tense standoff, all but three of the Gortonists surrendered to the Massachusetts force. This event caused the other three settlements on Narragansett Bay (Providence Plantations, Portsmouth, and Newport) to unite and get a royal charter allowing them to form the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.[4]

In 1648, Gorton was granted a Charter by Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, Lord Admiral and head of the Parliamentary Commission on Plantation Affairs. Because of this, the name of the settlement was changed from Shawhomett to Warwick. Massachusetts continued to lay claim to the area, but it made no further effort to enforce it.[4]

In 1772, Warwick was the scene of the first violent act against the British Crown in the Gaspee Affair. Local patriots boarded the Gaspee,[5] a revenue cutter that enforced the Stamp Act 1765 and Townshend Acts in Narragansett Bay. It was here that the first blood was spilled in the American Revolution when Gaspee's commanding officer Lt. Dudingston was shot and seriously wounded during the struggle for the ship. The Gaspee was stripped of all cannon and arms, then burned.[6]

During the Revolution, Warwick militiamen participated in the battles of Montreal, Quebec, Saratoga, Monmouth, and Trenton, and they were present for the British surrender at Yorktown in 1781.

Transportation

Major traversing highways include:

Interstate 95 is the major thoroughfare of Rhode Island, with the first southbound exit in Warwick at Jefferson Boulevard, and ending with the Route 117 interchange, near the Apponaug rotaries. Interstate 295 connects to the main highway at exit 11, providing direct travel to Woonsocket and Massachusetts. Smaller routes include Route 37 (Lincoln Avenue Freeway) connecting 295 to U.S. Route 1, and the Airport Connector Road.

T. F. Green Airport is a station on the Providence/Stoughton Commuter Rail Line, providing weekday service to Providence Station and Boston's South Station.[7]

Geography

Warwick is located at 41°43′N 71°25′W / 41.717°N 71.417°W (41.7181, −71.4152).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.6 square miles (128 km2), of which 35.5 square miles (92 km2) of it is land and 14.1 square miles (37 km2) of it (28.46%) is water.

The following villages are located in Warwick:

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18305,529
18406,72621.6%
18507,74015.1%
18608,91615.2%
187010,45317.2%
188012,16416.4%
189017,76146.0%
190021,31620.0%
191026,62924.9%
192013,481−49.4%
193023,19672.1%
194028,75724.0%
195043,02849.6%
196068,50459.2%
197083,69422.2%
198087,1234.1%
199085,427−1.9%
200085,8080.4%
201082,672−3.7%
Est. 201780,871[13]−2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

Warwick is officially a part of the Providence metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,600,852 in 2010 census. As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 85,808 people, 35,517 households, and 22,979 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,417.2 people per square mile (933.3/km²). There were 37,085 housing units at an average density of 1,044.7 per square mile (403.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.21% White, 1.16% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population.

There were 35,517 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,483, and the median income for a family was $56,225. Males had a median income of $39,455 versus $28,946 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,410. About 4.2% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Warwick town vote
by party in presidential elections
[14]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 44.25% 18,338 48.35% 20,038 7.39% 3,064
2012 37.21% 15,027 60.54% 24,448 2.24% 905
2008 38.37% 16,541 59.85% 25,802 1.79% 770
2004 41.02% 16,640 57.10% 23,164 1.87% 760
2000 32.37% 12,741 60.85% 23,948 6.78% 2,669
1996 26.83% 10,414 59.64% 23,152 13.53% 5,254
1992 29.88% 13,348 45.90% 20,504 24.22% 10,822
1988 45.29% 18,052 54.34% 21,662 0.37% 149

Warwick is split into three districts in the Rhode Island Senate which are currently held by Democrats Michael McCaffrey (District 29), Jeanine Calkin (District 30), and Erin Lynch-Prata. The town is a part of Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district, which is currently represented by Democrat James Langevin. It is traditionally Democratic in presidential elections; no Republican has carried it in over three decades.

Economy

Before its dissolution, Eckerd Corporation had its headquarters in Warwick.[15]

The ten largest employers in Warwick are Kent Memorial Hospital, Citizens Bank- Warwick Call Center, UPS, MetLife, City of Warwick, Leviton Manufacturing, Wal-Mart, Community College of Rhode Island, J.C. Penney, Kenney Manufacturing, and Inskip Automall.

Notable people

Education

CCRI Knight Campus (cropped and brighter)
The Knight Campus building of the Community College of Rhode Island

Local public schools are operated by Warwick Public Schools.[18] Toll Gate High School and Pilgrim High School are the two comprehensive public high schools located in Warwick. The two public middle schools are Winman Junior High School and Warwick Veterans Junior High School. Aldrich Junior High School and Gorton Junior High School closed in 2016 as part of the school consolidation project.[19] The school department is headed by superintendent Philip Thornton.[20]

Bishop Hendricken High School is an all-male college preparatory Catholic high school located in Warwick.[21] Rocky Hill School is a P–12 co-ed secular country day school located on Warwick's isolated Potowomut peninsula. The school lists an East Greenwich address, despite being geographically included as part of the city of Warwick.[22]

The Community College of Rhode Island Knight Campus is also located in Warwick on the former Knight Estate.[23]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Admin. "Welcome to Warwick History". www.warwickhistory.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  4. ^ a b Austin 1887, p. 302.
  5. ^ This version of the story is told by Ephraim Bowen and John Mawney in Staples, William R., The Documentary History of the Destruction of the Gaspee, (Providence, R.I.: Knowles, Vose, and Anthony, 1845), p. 14–16. These men had taken part in burning Gaspee and made these statements in 1826.
  6. ^ "Joseph Bucklin V Biography". Joseph Bucklin Society. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  7. ^ Authority, Massachusetts Bay Transportation. "Providence/Stoughton Line < Commuter Rail < Schedules & Maps < MBTA - Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority". mbta.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  8. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
  9. ^ "Monthly average temperatures and precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-08-30.
  10. ^ "Climatological Normals of Providence". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2013-05-04.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj RI.gov: Cities & Towns
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  14. ^ http://www.elections.state.ri.us/elections/preresults/
  15. ^ "Contacting Us." Eckerd Corporation. Retrieved on June 19, 2010. "Mail: 50 Service Ave., Warwick, RI 02886."
  16. ^ "1965 Pilgrim High School Yearbook". www.classmates.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  17. ^ Botelho, Jessica A. "James Woods recently retires from acting, now selling RI home". WJAR. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  18. ^ Warwick Public Schools website
  19. ^ "Warwick Public Schools Consolidation". sites.google.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  20. ^ "Office of the Superintendent". Warwick Public Schools. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  21. ^ "Bishop Hendricken Catholic High School - Rhode Island". Bishop Hendricken High School. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  22. ^ "RI Private School- Pre-School, Prep School, Rhode Island". Rocky Hill School. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  23. ^ "Home Page – Community College of Rhode Island". www.ccri.edu. Retrieved 2018-01-30.

External links

Community College of Rhode Island

The Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI) is a public community college in Rhode Island. It is the only community college in the state and the largest community college in New England. The college's primary facility is located in Warwick, with additional college buildings throughout the state.

Frank Maznicki

Francis Stanley Maznicki (July 19, 1920 – December 14, 2013) was a professional American football player who played halfback for four seasons for the Chicago Bears and Boston Yanks.

Goddard Memorial State Park

Goddard Memorial State Park is a public recreation area occupying 490 acres (200 ha) along the shores of Greenwich Cove and Greenwich Bay in Warwick, Rhode Island. The state park grounds were once the estate of Civil War officer and Rhode Island politician Robert Goddard, whose children gave the land to the state in 1927 as a memorial to their father. The park features a nine-hole golf course, an equestrian area with 18 miles (29 km) of bridle trails, swimming beach, canoeing area, picnicking facilities, game fields, and a performing arts center.

Greene Island (Rhode Island)

Greene Island (also known as Greene's Island or Little Island) is a small island in Narragansett Bay, Warwick, Rhode Island. The island was named after Captain John Greene who purchased the island in 1642 from Native Americans as part of a larger purchase of 660 acres around Occupaspatuxet Cove. Occupaspatuxet means where “meadows cut through by a river,” and the area was also known as Greene's Hold. Chief Miantonomi was one of the Indian witnesses on the deed to Greene, which referenced the "little island." The Greenes were followers of Samuel Gorton, a radical Christian philosopher and theologian, who sought refuge in the Warwick area. Greene Island features shallow tidal flats and marsh grasses.

John Hynes (ice hockey)

John Hynes (born February 10, 1975) is an American professional ice hockey coach. He is the current head coach for the New Jersey Devils of the National Hockey League (NHL).

Joseph J. Solomon Jr.

Joseph J. Solomon Jr. (born 1983) is an American politician and Democratic member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives, representing the 22nd District since 2015. This district includes the city of Warwick, where he has lived for his entire life. He is a member of the House Committee on Corporations, the House Committee on Oversight, and the House Veterans' Affairs Committee. He is a member of the Rhode Island Bar Association and is a lawyer.

K. Joseph Shekarchi

K. Joseph Shekarchi (born May 17, 1962) is an American politician and a Democratic member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives representing District 23 since January 1, 2013. He has served the residents of District 23 in Warwick since first being elected in November 2012. He was chairman of the House Labor Committee until his Democratic colleagues elected him as the House Majority Leader in November 2016.

Maskerchugg River

The Maskerchugg River is a river in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. It flows approximately 6 km (4 mi). There are four dams along the river's length.

Michaela McManus

Michaela McManus (born May 20, 1983) is an American actress, known for her portrayals of Lindsey Strauss on One Tree Hill, A.D.A. Kim Greylek on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, and Grace Karn on the NBC drama Aquarius.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Warwick, Rhode Island

This is a list of Registered Historic Places in Warwick, Rhode Island, which has been transferred from and is an integral part of National Register of Historic Places listings in Kent County, Rhode Island.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted June 7, 2019.

National Register of Historic Places listings in West Warwick, Rhode Island

List of Registered Historic Places in West Warwick, Rhode Island, which has been transferred from and is an integral part of National Register of Historic Places listings in Kent County, Rhode Island

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted June 7, 2019.

Potowomut River

The Potowomut River is a tidal extension of the Hunt River in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. It runs approximately 2.5 miles (4.0 km).

Ray Greene (politician)

Ray Greene (February 2, 1765 – January 11, 1849) was a United States Senator and Attorney General from Rhode Island during the early days of statehood.

South Branch Pawtuxet River

The South Branch Pawtuxet River is a river in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. It flows approximately 9.8 miles (15.8 km). There are 11 dams along the river's length.

St. Mary's Church and Cemetery (Crompton, Rhode Island)

St. Mary's Church and Cemetery is an historic Roman Catholic church building and cemetery in Crompton, a village of West Warwick, Rhode Island.

Vinny Marseglia

Vincent Marseglia (born January 24, 1986) is an American professional wrestler currently signed to Ring of Honor (ROH), where he is a 3-time ROH World Six-Man Tag Team Champion as part of The Kingdom.

WARV (AM)

WARV (1590 AM) is a radio station broadcasting a Christian radio format. Licensed to Warwick, Rhode Island, United States, the station serves the Providence area. The station is owned by Blount Communications, Inc. and features programming from Salem Communications.

WPVD

WPVD (1450 AM) is a radio station licensed to West Warwick, Rhode Island, United States. The station is owned by Hall Communications and currently simulcasts country sister station WCTK ("Cat Country 98.1"). The station was established in 1956 as WWRI.

West Warwick, Rhode Island

West Warwick is a town in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 29,191 at the 2010 census.

West Warwick was incorporated in 1913, making it the youngest town in the state. Prior to 1913, the town, situated on the western bank of the Pawtuxet River, was the population and industrial center of the larger town of Warwick. The town split because local Democratic politicians wanted to consolidate their power and isolate their section of town from the Republican-dominated farmland in the east.

Climate data for Warwick, Rhode Island (T.F. Green Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
72
(22)
90
(32)
98
(37)
96
(36)
98
(37)
102
(39)
104
(40)
100
(38)
88
(31)
81
(27)
77
(25)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 37.4
(3.0)
40.3
(4.6)
47.8
(8.8)
58.6
(14.8)
68.4
(20.2)
77.5
(25.3)
82.8
(28.2)
81.4
(27.4)
74.2
(23.4)
63.3
(17.4)
53.2
(11.8)
42.3
(5.7)
60.6
(15.9)
Average low °F (°C) 21.0
(−6.1)
23.6
(−4.7)
30.0
(−1.1)
39.6
(4.2)
48.6
(9.2)
58.4
(14.7)
64.2
(17.9)
63.2
(17.3)
55.3
(12.9)
43.9
(6.6)
35.7
(2.1)
26.3
(−3.2)
42.5
(5.8)
Record low °F (°C) −13
(−25)
−17
(−27)
1
(−17)
11
(−12)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
48
(9)
40
(4)
32
(0)
20
(−7)
6
(−14)
−12
(−24)
−17
(−27)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.76
(96)
3.34
(85)
5.00
(127)
4.36
(111)
3.55
(90)
3.64
(92)
3.28
(83)
3.60
(91)
3.92
(100)
3.92
(100)
4.51
(115)
4.21
(107)
47.09
(1,196)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.3
(26)
8.6
(22)
5.6
(14)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(3.6)
7.3
(19)
33.8
(86)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.0 9.7 11.9 11.3 12.0 10.9 9.4 9.0 8.7 9.4 10.1 11.6 125.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.6 4.7 3.4 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 3.4 18.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.5 175.2 217.0 225.0 254.2 273.0 291.4 263.5 234.0 207.7 147.0 148.8 2,607.3
Source #1: NOAA (extremes 1904–present),[8] The Weather Channel[9]
Source #2: HKO (sun only, 1961–1990)[10]
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