Warning track

The warning track is the part of the baseball field that is closest to the wall or fence and is typically made of dirt, instead of grass or artificial turf like most of the field. It runs parallel to the ballpark's wall and looks like a running track. The change of terrain from grass to dirt serves as a "warning" for fielders trying to make a deep catch that they are running out of room, since it is often difficult for the fielder to keep his eye on a fly ball while keeping track of his position relative to the wall. The track can also be utilized to bypass the outfield by allowing authorized pedestrians and vehicles to maneuver around the perimeter of the field, thus preventing ruts and/or divots from forming in grass playing surfaces.

Despite the warning track's presence, it is common to see outfielders crash into the wall to make a catch, due to a desire to field the play regardless of the outcome and/or because they fail to register the warning in time (as the track is on the ground, an outfielder pursuing a fly ball in the air will be looking in the opposite direction and thus the warning track would be out of the outfielder's line of sight in any event).

The "track" part of the term comes from Old Yankee Stadium, where an actual running track was built for the use of track and field events. It was soon realized that the track also helped outfielders running backwards know when they were approaching the wall, and soon every ballpark was using one. However, there still are professional fields without a proper warning track, such as Tropicana Field, which uses brown-colored turf.[1] The Tokyo Dome at one point had no warning track.[2]

The average length of the warning track (depending on the ballpark) is 690 ft while the width is 15 ft.

Like Tropicana Field, Toronto's Rogers Centre features a warning track with merely brown-colored turf due to its former multipurpose configuration, though this may change if and when the stadium switches to a natural grass field for the Blue Jays with the 2016 departure of the Canadian Football League's Argonauts to BMO Field.

Fenway warning track
The orange-colored clay warning track is seen between the outfield grass and the Green Monster, the left field wall at Fenway Park.


  1. ^ Beware of warning track at Tropicana Field: Cleveland Indians chatter. May 9, 2014; retrieved Aug. 6, 2014.
  2. ^ Clem's Baseball ~ Tokyo Dome (2009); 3/28/12 at the Tokyo Dome (2012)
Baseball field

A baseball field, also called a ball field, sandlot or a baseball diamond, is the field upon which the game of baseball is played. The term can also be used as a metonym for a baseball park.

Bill Scripture

Earl Wayne "Billy" Scripture (November 20, 1941 - November 11, 2018) was an American former outfielder, third baseman, manager and instructor in professional baseball. An All-America baseball standout at Wake Forest University, Scripture threw and batted right-handed, stood 5 feet 11 inches (1.8 m) tall and weighed 190 pounds (86 kg) in his playing days.

Scripture signed with the Baltimore Orioles after his matriculation from Wake Forest, but never reached the Major League Baseball level. He batted .252 in 891 games over nine seasons (1964–72) in the Baltimore and New York Mets farm systems, with 58 home runs. His last five seasons as an active player were spent at the Triple-A level with the Rochester Red Wings and Tidewater Tides. Scripture then became a minor league manager and instructor in the Kansas City Royals and Pittsburgh Pirates systems, peaking at the Double-A level and having only one winning season in five years as a skipper.However, Scripture earned a reputation throughout professional baseball for his intensity, dedication to teaching, and his toughness. The most quoted stories about Scripture described his habit of biting the covers off baseballs when frustrated. "Only lost one molar so far," Scripture said in 1975, "and that's a whole lot less expensive than an ulcer operation.""He was tough, maybe the toughest I've ever seen," then-Royals athletic trainer Mickey Cobb told Sports Illustrated for a 1987 profile on Scripture. "I remember a time when he had 19 blisters on one hand from hitting. He just came in and poured alcohol on it. No Band-Aids. Other times, he would deliberately have someone hit flies out to the warning track so he could practice running full speed into the chain-link fence."Yet he was also a highly respected coach and manager. "There were people who would complain that he was tough to work with, but there was never any question about his competence as an instructor or manager," then-Pirates farm director Branch Barrett Rickey told SI in 1987. "Almost everybody remembers him fondly. It's just that Bill's singularness of purpose sometimes clashed with the aims of individual minor league franchises. With Bill, there was not a lot of accommodation to the owner's needs."After leaving the game in the mid-1980s, Scripture focused on his greatest passion, trap shooting. According to the SI profile he opened a gun shop in Virginia Beach, Virginia, and operated shooting ranges. He was elected to the Wake Forest Athletics Hall of Fame in 1987. In 2002, he was named to the Atlantic Coast Conference 50th Anniversary Baseball Team.

Blue Is the Colour

Blue Is the Colour is the fifth studio album from English band The Beautiful South, released in October 1996 through Go! Discs and in America through Ark 21 Records. Following the two singles "Pretenders to the Throne" and "Dream a Little Dream", which never featured on any album until the release of the second greatest hits Solid Bronze in 2001, it was named after a pub in Sheffield.

The album continued the melancholic tone of its predecessor Miaow, and is generally considered to be the band's darkest effort, reflecting Heaton's life at the time. This comes across in songs such as "Liars’ Bar" (about alcoholism), "The Sound of North America" (a sarcastic look at capitalism), "Mirror" (Prostitution), "Blackbird on the Wire", "Have Fun" (which Heaton has cited as his saddest song), and the self-explanatory "Alone".

The album spawned 4 singles, the first being "Rotterdam", which peaked at No. 5 in the charts in September 1996. The follow ups were "Don't Marry Her" which reached No. 8 in December, "Blackbird on the Wire", which got to No. 23 in March 1997 and finally the single "Liar's Bar" which just missed the Top 40 in June. The lyrics to "Don't Marry Her" were substantially altered for radio release – changing from "Don't marry her, fuck me" to "Don't marry her, have me", and with "sweaty bollocks" becoming "Sandra Bullocks". On "Liars' Bar", Paul Heaton's vocal consciously imitates the style of Tom Waits, while in "Alone" the bass line serves as another allusion to him. The album itself topped the album charts on 2 November 1996.

Some versions of the album come with a sticker saying "WARNING track one contains some possibly offensive blue language"

Clark–LeClair Stadium

Clark–LeClair Stadium is a baseball park in the eastern United States, located in Greenville, North Carolina. On the campus of East Carolina University, it is the home field of the East Carolina Pirates of the American Athletic Conference. The stadium was named after Pirate alumnus and contributor Bill Clark and former Pirates coach Keith LeClair; ECU's current head coach is Cliff Godwin.

The stadium has 3,000 stadium bleacher seats, plus space for several thousand more spectators in "The Jungle." There are concession and restroom facilities at the stadium, plus a family picnic area. Amenities include the Pirate Club fundraising and hospitality suite and a private suite for the LeClair family. The venue was built with $11 million in private donations.

The playing surface consists of Celebration Bermuda turf with a clay base infield and crushed-brick warning track. New lights were included in the construction of the stadium that meet all television specifications. Facilities include indoor and outdoor batting cages, a VIP booth, coach's offices, and a player clubhouse, as well as state-of-the-art broadcast facilities.

The dimensions of the outfield are 320 feet (98 m) down the foul lines and 390 feet (119 m) to center field. The diamond has an unorthodox northwesterly alignment (home plate to center field); the recommended orientation is east-northeast. The elevation of the field is approximately 70 feet (21 m) above sea level.

The stadium is home to the 2007 ECU Invitational and Keith LeClair Classic The Pirates consistently rank in the top thirty among Division I baseball programs in attendance.

Eck Stadium

Eck Stadium is a baseball stadium in Wichita, Kansas, United States. It is located on the south side of 21st Street between Hillside and Oliver on the campus of Wichita State University in northeast Wichita.

The stadium is home of the Wichita State Shockers baseball team. It has played host to the Shockers in rudimentary form since 1978, and as a complete stadium since 1985. Officially called Eck Stadium, Home of Tyler Field it is sometimes informally referred to as Eck.

The stadium, which has gone through numerous upgrades since its original completion, currently seats 7,851. This number does not include the Coleman Outfield Hill, made during the original construction because of lack of funding to haul the dirt away, which can seat hundreds more.

On Sept. 23, 1999, The Coleman Co. put a $500,000 exclamation point on Wichita State University's Project FutureShox, a $7.8 million effort to make Eck Stadium-Home of Tyler Field the premier collegiate baseball facility in the nation.

Plans to significantly upgrade Eck Stadium were first announced on Jan. 28, 1998, and were taken to another level with the leadership of Gene Stephenson, the winningest collegiate baseball coach since 1978.

Several major contributors stepped forward on the front end of the project, and on Sept. 23, The Coleman Co. accentuated a project that had Wichita State on its way to having the best collegiate baseball facility in the country.

Gary Hogan Field

Gary Hogan Field is a baseball venue located in Little Rock, Arkansas, United States. It has been home to the Little Rock Trojans college baseball team of the Division I Sun Belt Conference since 1978 and also the home of the Arkansas Baptist College Buffaloes junior college baseball team of Region 2 of the National Junior College Athletic Association. Formerly known as Curran Conway Field, the venue has a capacity of 2,550.

George S. Erath Field at Coy O. Williard Baseball Stadium

George S. Erath Field at Coy O. Williard Baseball Stadium is a baseball venue in High Point, North Carolina, United States. It is home to the High Point Panthers baseball team of the NCAA Division I Big South Conference. It has a capacity of 550 spectators.Originally known simply as George S. Erath Field, the venue was renamed George S. Erath Field at Coy O. Williard Baseball Stadium in 2007, following the construction of a seating structure with 501 chairback seats, a press box, concessions, and restrooms. In 2009, a FieldTurf halo was added around home plate, and the warning track was renovated. In 2010, the right center field fence was lowered to allow for better spectator sightlines. Additionally, an irrigation system and scoreboard have been added since 2001, and the infield has been renovated.The venue hosted the 2012 Big South Conference Baseball Tournament, won by Coastal Carolina.In 2012, college baseball writer Eric Sorenson ranked the facility the fourth best small venue in Division I baseball.

Greg Schulte

Greg Schulte is an American sportscaster, and is best known as the radio play-by-play voice of the Arizona Diamondbacks Major League Baseball team, a position he has held since the team's inaugural season in 1998. Schulte's nickname is "The Gub'nuh" (like "The Governor" with an exaggerated English accent). He is known for his unique home run call, "Deep drive..warning track..wall..you can touch 'em all (player's name). Schulte's voice will forever be linked with one of baseball's greatest moments as he delivered the call of Luis Gonzalez's ninth-inning single to win Game 7 of the 2001 World Series.

Schulte called his 3,000 Diamondbacks game on April 19, 2017.Schulte also covered the Phoenix Suns for many years, where he first produced the broadcasts, and later served as a color commentator to Al McCoy.

Schulte was the original pre-game and post-game host for the Arizona Cardinals.

Kamine Stadium

Hilton Rahn '51 Field at Kamine Stadium is a college baseball stadium in the Metzgar Fields Athletic Complex in Forks Township, Pennsylvania. It hosts the Lafayette Leopards of the Patriot League.

The stadium is completely composed of natural grass with a dirt infield and dirt base paths. A 15-foot crushed rock warning track is in front of an eight-foot high outfield fence.

List of Philadelphia Phillies no-hitters

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Philadelphia. They play in the National League East division. Also known in their early years as the "Philadelphia Quakers", pitchers for the Phillies have thrown thirteen separate no-hitters in franchise history. A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings", though one or more batters "may reach base via a walk, an error, a hit by pitch, a passed ball or wild pitch on strike three, or catcher's interference". No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form. A no-hitter is rare enough that one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.Of the thirteen no-hitters pitched by Phillies players, three have been won by a score of 6–0, and three by a score of 1–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a Phillies no-hitter was ten runs, in a 10–0 win by Chick Fraser. Charlie Ferguson's no-hitter, the first in franchise history, was a 1–0 victory, as were two of the more recent regular season no-hitters, thrown by Kevin Millwood in 2003 and Roy Halladay in 2010. Three pitchers to throw no-hitters for the Phillies have been left-handed: Johnny Lush (in 1906), Terry Mulholland (in 1990) and Cole Hamels (in 2015). The other eight pitchers were right-handed. Halladay is the only Phillies' pitcher to throw more than one no-hitter in a Phillies uniform, and others, including Hall of Famer Jim Bunning, have pitched more than one in their careers. The longest interval between Phillies no-hitters was between the games pitched by Lush and Bunning, encompassing 58 years, 1 month, and 20 days from May 1, 1906 to June 21, 1964. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between Halladay's two 2010 no-hitters, with a total of merely four months and seven days from May 29 to October 6; the shortest gap between regular-season no-hitters was between Mulholland's and Tommy Greene's games (nine months and eight days from August 15, 1990 to May 23, 1991). Two opponents have been no-hit by the Phillies more than one time: the San Francisco Giants, who were defeated by Mulholland (in 1990) and Millwood (in 2003); and the Cincinnati Reds, who were no-hit by Rick Wise (in 1971) and Halladay (in 2010).

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final." Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap." These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter. A different umpire presided over each of the Phillies' thirteen no-hitters, including Wes Curry, who created Major League Baseball's catcher interference rule.Two perfect games, a special subcategory of no-hitter, have been pitched in Phillies history. This feat was achieved by Bunning in 1964, which was the first perfect game in the National League since 1880, and Halladay in 2010. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."On July 25, 2015, Phillies left-hander Cole Hamels threw his first career no-hitter in a 5–0 win over the Chicago Cubs at the historic Wrigley Field. He narrowly missed completing a perfect game by walking two Cubs batters. Odubel Herrera, Phillies centerfielder, nearly dropped the game's final out at the warning track after he overran a long fly ball hit by Cubs rookie sensation Kris Bryant; Herrera, however, was able to snag the ball with an awkward sliding catch to close out the game and preserve Hamels's no-hitter. In addition to this being Cole Hamels's first no-hitter, this was the fourth no hitter caught by longtime Phillies catcher Carlos Ruiz, who now has tied the MLB record for no-hitters caught.

Marge Schott Stadium

Marge Schott Stadium is a baseball stadium in Cincinnati, Ohio. It is the home field of the University of Cincinnati Bearcats college baseball team. The stadium holds 3,085 people and opened for baseball in 2004. It is named after the controversial former Cincinnati Reds owner Marge Schott, who willed $2 million to the UC athletic department at the time of her death. In August 2014, TriplePlay HP System turf was installed, replacing the original field turf. All areas of the field, including the warning track, home plate, pitcher's mound and bullpens are now turf.In 2012, college baseball writer Eric Sorenson ranked the stadium as the third most underrated venue in Division I baseball.

Mariner Moose

The Mariner Moose is the team mascot of the Seattle Mariners, a Major League Baseball team. In 1990, a contest for children 14 and under was held to select a mascot for the team under then-owner Jeff Smulyan. Out of 2500 entries received, the club chose the "Mariner Moose," originally submitted by Ammon Spiller of Ferndale, Washington. The Moose made his debut on April 13, 1990, dancing on the field at the Kingdome to "The Future's So Bright I Gotta Wear Shades" by Timbuk 3.

During the 1995 American League Division Series between the M's and the New York Yankees, the Moose gained national attention when he broke his ankle crashing into the outfield wall at the Kingdome while being towed on inline skates behind an ATV in the outfield. Rollerblading behind an ATV would continue to be a fan favorite until 1999, when the team moved to Safeco Field (T-Mobile Park beginning in 2019) and a natural grass playing surface. Since then, the Moose has become quite adept at driving his own ATV around Safeco Field's warning track while performing various tricks, such as performing backflips off his ATV or having water coolers emptied on him by bullpen pitchers.

In 1996, Nike developed a television ad campaign entitled "Griffey in '96" wherein Mariners outfielder Ken Griffey, Jr. was running for President, with the Mariner Moose as his running mate.

The Moose makes several hundred appearances in the community each year in addition to Mariners home games, at everything from hospitals to wedding receptions. Since his debut in 1990, he has developed into one of the most popular mascots throughout all of Major League Baseball.

The Mariner Moose was featured on the ballot for the Mascot Hall of Fame in 2006 and 2007.

Mariners fans at Safeco Field have been known to express approval or disapproval by engaging in the "moose call." The caller places hands on either side of their head in imitation of moose antlers, hands outspread, thumbs to temples, and yells "moooooo" while wiggling their fingers.

Marshall Edwards

Marshall Lynn Edwards (born August 27, 1952), is a former professional baseball outfielder. He played in three seasons in the major leagues from 1981 until 1983, all for the Milwaukee Brewers. In the fifth and final game of the 1982 ALCS, Edwards subbed for a limping Gorman Thomas in center field in the 8th inning, and made a spectacular catch at the warning track of a deep fly ball off the bat of Don Baylor, helping preserve Milwaukee's narrow margin victory over the California Angels.

Edwards has two brothers who also played in the major leagues, Dave Edwards and Mike Edwards, who is Marshall's twin.

Edwards is retired from baseball and works as a minister at the World Changes International Church.

SFA Softball Field

SFA Softball Field is the home stadium for the Division I (NCAA) Stephen F. Austin Ladyjacks softball team. The stadium is located next to Jaycees Field, home of the Stephen F. Austin Lumberjacks baseball team, in Nacogdoches, Texas. The stadium has seating for 750 fans. Stephen F. Austin State University has a nineteen (19) year exclusive use lease on the stadium with the City of Nacogdoches, Texas starting in 2010. The university made several improvements to the preexisting city softball field including a new playing surface, a warning track, a Daktronics electronic scoreboard, new dugouts, windscreens, a new grandstand, an expanded press box, and bullpens.The initial home game as the Ladyjacks's official home field was played on February 17, 2010, against the North Texas Mean Green softball team.

The stadium was the home of 2013 Southland Conference Softball Tournament.

Straw Family Stadium

E.T. Straw Family Stadium is a baseball venue in Emmitsburg, Maryland, United States. It is home to the Mount St. Mary's Mountaineers baseball team of the NCAA Division I Northeast Conference. The stadium is part of the larger PNC Sports Complex.In 2007, the stadium underwent $400,000 renovations, thanks to the donation of Mount St. Mary's alumnus E.T. Straw. The venue was dedicated to Straw as a result. The renovations added a new backstop, outfield fence, a warning track, bullpens, and foul poles. A new press box, sound system, and bleachers were also added.

The Baseball Factory Field at UMBC

The Baseball Factory Field at UMBC is a baseball field located on the campus of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County in Catonsville, Maryland, United States. The field is home to the UMBC Retrievers baseball team of the NCAA Division I America East Conference. The field is located adjacent to UMBC Stadium. It has a capacity of 1,000 spectators. Previously known as Alumni Field, the venue was renamed on April 20, 2004, after the university's agreement with player development company Baseball Factory. Prior to the 2004 season, the field underwent a $350,000 renovation which added a new lighting system, playing surface, and warning track. Since 2004, the facility's press box, dugout, and bleachers were upgraded.

The Catch (baseball)

The Catch refers to a defensive play made by New York Giants center fielder Willie Mays on a ball hit by Cleveland Indians batter Vic Wertz on September 29, 1954, during Game 1 of the 1954 World Series at the Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

Yankees (album)

Yankees is an album of improvised music by Derek Bailey, John Zorn & George Lewis. The album was released as an LP by Celluloid in 1983 and was reissued on CD by Celluloid (from a vinyl source) and Charly (from the original master tape). It is the first recorded meeting of John Zorn and Derek Bailey. The pair would later release the album, Harras, with William Parker in 1993. Zorn and Lewis would collaborate further on News for Lulu (1988) and More News for Lulu (1993) with Bill Frisell.

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