Warmiak

The Warmiak are a Polish ethnic group from Warmia who are mostly Roman Catholics and who speak their own dialect of Polish, called gwara warmińska (see: Dialects of the Polish language).

Between the 14th and 17th centuries, settlers from northern Mazovia moved to former territories of Old Prussians, following conquests by the Teutonic Order, and the erection of the Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights.

The bishopric of Warmia became in 1466 an autonomous part of Royal Prussia, and remained part of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1772 (see: Partitions of Poland). While Mazurs in the neighboring Ducal Prussia became Protestants when that Duchy adopted Lutheranism in the 16th century, most Warmiaks, populating the areas around Olsztyn, remained Catholics.

During World War II, the Warmiaks were persecuted by the Nazi Germany government, which wanted to erase all aspects of Polish culture and Polish language in Warmia. After the war, due to their Polish roots, they were not victims of Expulsion of Germans after World War II, but in the course of the time, large numbers of Warmiaks decided to leave their native land and settle in more prosperous West Germany.

See also

Antonia, Masovian Voivodeship

Antonia [anˈtɔɲa] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.

Baba, Masovian Voivodeship

Baba [ˈbaba] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Łyse, 26 km (16 mi) north of Ostrołęka, and 127 km (79 mi) north of Warsaw.

Dudy Puszczańskie

Dudy Puszczańskie [ˈdudɨ puʂˈt͡ʂaɲskʲɛ] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 43 kilometres (27 mi) north of Ostrołęka and 141 km (88 mi) north of Warsaw.

Dęby, Masovian Voivodeship

Dęby [ˈdɛmbɨ] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) north-west of Łyse, 36 km (22 mi) north of Ostrołęka, and 134 km (83 mi) north of Warsaw.

Gazeta Olsztyńska

Gazeta Olsztyńska (English: Olsztyn Daily) is a Polish language newspaper, published in Olsztyn.

The newspaper was first published in the years 1886-1939, in what was then East Prussia. Its first editor in chief was an ethnic Warmiak Jan Liszewski, after him the paper was taken over by the Pieniezny family.

Since January 1, 1921 "Gazeta Olsztyńska" has been published six times a week, together with regular extras, such as the Sunday Guest, Farmer, Life of the Youth, Voice of the Borderland. Especially popular was a column written in the local dialect of the Polish language. The column, titled Kuba from Wartembork Says, was authored by Seweryn Pieniężny.

Gazeta Olsztyńska’s publishing house issued other papers, such as Gazeta Polska for the Vistula counties, Evangelical Voice, Teacher’s Guide. In the interbellum period, the Pieniezny family printing shop printed some 47 books and brochures.

After World War II, when the city of Olsztyn became part of Poland, Gazeta Olsztyńska returned in 1970. It is now a major daily in the area.

The newspaper gained international attention when a photoshopped version of Pedobear, an internet meme originating from the controversial website 4chan, appeared along with 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games mascots in an article on the games in Gazeta Olsztyńska.

Gmina Łyse

Gmina Łyse is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. Its seat is the village of Łyse, which lies approximately 31 kilometres (19 mi) north of Ostrołęka and 132 km (82 mi) north-east of Warsaw.

The gmina covers an area of 246.45 square kilometres (95.2 sq mi), and as of 2006 its total population is 7,908 (8,394 in 2011).

Grądzkie, Masovian Voivodeship

Grądzkie [ˈɡrɔnt͡skʲɛ] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 14 kilometres (9 mi) north-west of Łyse, 46 km (29 mi) north of Ostrołęka, and 142 km (88 mi) north of Warsaw.

Piątkowizna

Piątkowizna [pjɔntkɔˈvizna] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 43 kilometres (27 mi) north of Ostrołęka and 143 km (89 mi) north of Warsaw.

Plewki, Ostrołęka County

Plewki [ˈplɛfki] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.

Pupkowizna

Pupkowizna [pupkɔˈvizna] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 38 kilometres (24 mi) north of Ostrołęka and 139 km (86 mi) north of Warsaw.

Stomil Olsztyn (football)

OKS Stomil Olsztyn is a Polish football club based in Olsztyn, Poland. It was founded on 15 July 1945 as OKS Warmiak. The brightest era of this club was the 1990s when it played in the Polish First League. Between 2004 and 2012 the team was known as OKS 1945 Olsztyn.

Szafranki, Masovian Voivodeship

Szafranki [ʂaˈfraŋki] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Łyse, 26 km (16 mi) north of Ostrołęka, and 126 km (78 mi) north of Warsaw.

Tartak, Ostrołęka County

Tartak [ˈtartak] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of Ostrołęka and 127 km (79 mi) north of Warsaw.

Warmiak, Masovian Voivodeship

Warmiak [ˈvarmjak] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) north of Ostrołęka and 143 km (89 mi) north of Warsaw.

Wyżega

Wyżega [vɨˈʐɛɡa] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 41 kilometres (25 mi) north of Ostrołęka and 141 km (88 mi) north of Warsaw.

Zalas, Ostrołęka County

Zalas [ˈzalas] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) north of Łyse, 41 km (25 mi) north of Ostrołęka, and 141 km (88 mi) north of Warsaw.

Złota Góra, Ostrołęka County

Złota Góra [ˈzwɔta ˈɡura] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) south-east of Łyse, 28 km (17 mi) north of Ostrołęka, and 129 km (80 mi) north of Warsaw.

Łukta

Łukta [ˈwukta] (German: Locken) is a village in Ostróda County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Łukta. It lies approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi) north-east of Ostróda and 28 km (17 mi) west of the regional capital Olsztyn. The village has a population of 1,000. It lies on the river Łukta.

The village is the location of a local road junction, where three voivodeship roads meet: the 527, 530 and 531.

From 1975 to 1998 Łukta was in Olsztyn Voivodeship.

The village has a football club Warmiak Łukta, a regional development foundation Fundacja Rozwoju Regionu Łukta, a church with churchyard and tower, restaurants, groceries and a dairy.

Łączki, Masovian Voivodeship

Łączki [ˈwɔnt͡ʂki] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Łyse, within Ostrołęka County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It lies approximately 12 kilometres (7 mi) north of Łyse, 45 km (28 mi) north of Ostrołęka, and 144 km (89 mi) north of Warsaw.

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