Warangal (pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in the Indian state of Telangana. It is the district headquarters of Warangal Urban District. Warangal is the second largest and also Metropolitan City in Telangana after Hyderabad, spreading across 471 km2 (182 sq mi) with a population of 819,406. Warangal City Development Plan is proposed to cover an area of 1805 sq.km with population of about 819,406 (Census 2011)
Along with 11 other cities in the country known for having a rich cultural heritage, it has been chosen for the HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme by the Government of India. It was also selected as a smart city in the "fast-track competition", which makes it eligible for additional investment to improve urban infrastructure and industrial opportunities under the Smart Cities Mission.
Kakatiya Urban Development Authority (KUDA) was constituted by the local government for the planning, development and management of the Kakatiya (Warangal) Urban Development Area under the aegis of the Urban Areas (Development) Act of 1975 vide G.O.Ms.No. 1177 M.A. dated 6-11-1981. KUDA is in the process of preparation of a Master Plan for the horizon year 2041.
The region is spread over three districts – Warangal Rural, Warangal Urban and Jangaon in Telangana covering 19 Mandals and 181 Villages with a combined area of 1,805 square kilometres. Total population as per 2011 census is 819,406 , with around 62% of the population living in urban areas. The Master Plan is being prepared in accordance with the provisions of Telangana Urban Areas (Development) Act, 1975. The KUDA/ Government of Telangana has appointed LEA Associates South Asia Pvt. Ltd. (LASA), India, A LEA Group Company, Canada, for Preparation of Master Plan for the KUDA Area. The Plan is aimed to be prepared in 9 months duration starting from July 2017.
Warangal served as the capital of the Kakatiya dynasty which was established in 1163. The monuments left by the Kakatiyas include fortresses, lakes, temples and stone gateways which, in the present, helped the city to become a popular tourist attraction. The Kakatiya Kala Thoranam was included in the emblem of Telangana by the state government.
|Founded by||Kakatiya dynasty|
|• Mayor||Nannapaneni Narender|
|• Municipal Commissioner||VP Gautham|
|• Commissioner of Police||Vishwanath Ravinder|
|• Metropolis||471 km2 (182 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,805 km2 (697 sq mi)|
|Elevation||359 m (1,178 ft)|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro||811,819 population_rank = 61st(India)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
506001 to 506019 
|Vehicle registration||TS–03,TS-24,AP 36(old)|
During the Kakatiya rule, Warangal was referred with various names like Orugallu, Ekasila Nagaram, or Omatikonda all these means a 'single stone' referring to a huge granite boulder present in the Warangal fort. When the kakatiyan dynasty was defeated by Delhi Sultanate in 1323, ruler Juna khan conquered the city and renamed it as Sultanpur. Later Musunuri Nayaks recaptured warangal in 1336 A. D. and named it Orugallu again.
Warangal was the ancient capital of kakatiya dynasty. It was ruled by many kings such as BetaRaja I, ProlaRaja I, BetaRaja II, ProlaRaja II, Rudradeva, Mahadeva, Ganapathideva, Prataparudra and Rani Rudrama Devi who is the only woman to rule over Telugu region. Beta Raja I is the founder of Kakatiya Dynasty and ruled the kingdom for 30 years and was succeeded by his son Prola Raja I who shifted his capital to Hanamkonda.
During the rule of Ganapathideva, the capital was shifted from Hanamkonda to Warangal. Kakatiya Period Inscriptions praised Warangal as best city within all of Telugu region up to shores of the Ocean. The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by Marco Polo. After the defeat of Prataparudra II, the Musunuri Nayaks united 72 Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi Sultanate and ruled for fifty years. After the demise of the Nayaks, Warangal was part of the Bahmani Sultanate and then the Sultanate of Golconda.
The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724, which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state called as Hyderabad state. In 1956 Hyderabad state was partitioned as part of the States Reorganisation Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state, which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh. After the Telangana movement, Telangana state was formed on 2 June 2014, warangal became part of Telangana State.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Warangal is located at Deccan Plateau made up of granite rocks and hill formations which left the region barren making the cultivation dependent on seasonal rainfall. There are no major rivers flowing near the city, making it reliant on the Kakatiya Canal which originates from Sriram Sagar Project to meet the city's water requirements. Located in the semi-arid region of Telangana, Warangal has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summer starts in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in October and lasts until early February, when there is little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Many hill rocks and lakes are located around warangal. Padmakshi hill, mettu gutta, hanumathgiri gutta, ursu gutta and Govinda Rajula Gutta are famous hills with temples.. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet). It is settled in the eastern part of
Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation is the civic body of the city, which oversees the civic needs. Established in 1899, it is one of the oldest urban local bodies in India.   The GWMC covers an area of 406.87 square kilometres (157.09 sq mi). City planning is governed by the Kakatiya Urban Development Authority, which was constituted in 1982. The body oversees development of infrastructure and other projects in the city.
The former Warangal Municipal Corporation implemented some pilot projects, such as the Solid Waste Management programme, that were so successful that other corporations have since implemented them. The city is divided into 58 political wards where each ward is represented by an area corporator.
In 2012, the city of Warangal was generating 300 tonnes per day (TPD) of municipal solid waste (MSW) of which about 60% was being collected by the GWMC. The residual MSW was piling up across the city, making it look untidy and creating an unsanitary environment. In these conditions, the GWMC devised an innovative solution to addressing MSW management - the Clean Cities Championship. Taking place over one week in mid October 2012, the GWMC invited waste management professionals from 57 municipalities across the state of Telangana to compete in the Clean Cities Championship. 
Leading up to the event, a multi-channel information and education campaign (IEC) created awareness and excitement about the event via billboards, posters, pamphlets, radio jingles, TV ads, street plays, a web portal and TV shows. 
All the Clean Cities Championship participants were divided into 386 teams, with each team being given the responsibility of waste collection from 500 households per day. The teams went door-to-door and demonstrated correct waste segregation techniques to the householders and gave them two bins, one each for wet and dry waste. Each team spent about fours hours per day collecting MSW from households on it's route.  The waste was then taken to central drop-off points where it was weighed and further segregated as required. The segregated waste was then taken to waste recovery facilities, which had been prepped ahead of time, here the organic waste underwent bio-methanation or composting, the recyclable waste was sorted and recycled and the inert waste was sent to Marikonda dumpsite 15 kilometers outside the city.  
National Cadet Corps (NCC) cadets were the monitors of the competition and marked the waste collection teams on attributes such as gloves worn, masks worn etc. Each day one man and one woman from across all the teams won a prize. At the end of the week, the best team (Khammam Municipal Corporation) won the Clean Cities Championship trophy. 
Following the Clean Cities Championship, Warangal became the first city in India to achieve 100% door-to-door MSW collection. About 70% of households started practicing two-bin MSW segregation into wet and dry waste. 420 cement bins and 128 dumpsters were removed from locations across Warangal making it a no dump city. 
GWMC was able to reduce the MSW going to landfill by 30% to 40%  and the dumpyard with significantly reduced load is, in phases, being converted into a nature park with vermicomposting sheds. 
The urban police district, which is responsible for maintaining law and order in city and agglomerated areas around Warangal was converted into a Police Commissionerate by the state government in 2015. Inspector General will be working as police commissioner who is also given magisterial powers. There are around 19 police stations present under Warangal Police Commissionerate.
There are various public and private hospitals namely:
Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation (GWMC) Inclusion of 42 Gram Panchayats into the limits.
Agriculture is the main economic activity with irrigation depending mainly on monsoon and seasonal rainfalls. Major crops are paddy, cotton, mango and wheat. Warangal benefits from the Godavari lift irrigation scheme which is designed to lift water from the Godavari river to irrigate drought prone areas in the Telangana region.
The city hosts second-biggest grain market of Asia, located in Enumamula. Information Technology is another sector in which the city is making steady progress with its Incubation centre at Madikonda.
The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and railways. National and state highways that pass through the city are, National Highway 163, connecting Hyderabad and Bhopalpatnam; NH 563 connecting Ramagundam and Khammam; State highway 3. TSRTC operates buses to various destinations from Hanamkonda and Warangal bus stations of the city. Nearly 78 City buses run in various routes across the city and sub urban areas while 45 city buses run from city to nearby villages.
Warangal has two railway stations namely, Kazipet and Warangal on the important New Delhi-Chennai main line of Indian Railways. They are administered under the jurisdiction of the Secunderabad railway division of South Central Railway zone. Kazipet Junction shelters both Electric and Diesel Loco sheds with a capacity of holding 175 and 142 locomotives. Kazipet town, Vanchanagiri, Pendial, Hasanparthy Road railway station are the other railway stations within the city limits. The construction of third railway line between Balharshah and Kazipet was sanctioned at an estimated cost of ₹24.032 billion (US$330 million).
Warangal has an airport built by the Nizams at Mamnoor in 1930. It was largest airport in undivided India with 1,875 acres of land, a 6.6-km runway, a pilot and staff quarters, a pilot training centre and more than one terminal. Many cargo services and Vayudoot services were served. During the Indo-China war, it served as a hangar for government aircraft due to Delhi airport being a target in combat. It remained in service until 1981.
This airport is currently being used as NCC Training Centre by No. 4(A) air squadron for gliding sorties, skeet shooting and aero-modeling. There is no scheduled commercial air service from this airport at present.
Both government and private institutions has their presence in the city.
Colleges and universities:
Kakatiya University and Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences are two universities in the city. Other notable educational institutions include NIT Warangal, Kakatiya Institute of Technology and Science, Vaagdevi College of Engineering, SR Engineering College, Kakatiya Medical College, Talla padmavathi Colleges etc.,
The residents of the city are often referred as Warangalites. The Warangal Fort, Thousand Pillar Temple and Ramappa Temple are the World Heritage sites recognised by UNESCO. Bhadrakali Temple, Padmakshi Temple, Kazipet Dargah, Mettu Gutta, Govinda Rajula Gutta, Ursu Gutta, and Erragattu Gutta are the other notable destinations of various religions. Bhadrakali Lake, Waddepally Lake, and Dharmasagar Lake are the water bodies notable for tourism.
Bhadrakali Temple lake is being developed into the largest first Geo-Bio-Diversity cultural park in the country, with promenades, historic caves, suspension bridges, natural trails, nesting ground and ecological reserves.
The Ministry of Tourism has awarded Warangal as the best heritage city, at the National Tourism Awards for the year 2014-2015. This is third time in a row for the city to get this award since 2012.
Festivals in the city include, a floral festival of Bathukamma being celebrated by women of the city, worshiping the goddess with different flowers for nine days. The women carry their Bathukamma to the nearest temple of their locality, then they clap, sing and dance rhythmically around the Bathukamma. Along with Bathukamma, Bonalu is also declared as a state festival on 15 June 2014. Other festivals are, Sammakka Saralamma Jatara (Medaram Jatara), a popular religious congregation in the honour of Goddess at Medaram of Warangal district.
The cuisine of the city is mainly of Deccan dishes. The breakfast items include Chapati, and Puri. Rice with variety of curries including curd is taken as main food and the most notable one is the Biryani. Special food items Harees and Haleem are traditional food items available in the season of Ramadan.
The Greater Warangal Municipal Corporation (GWMC) was until 2015 known as Warangal Municipal Corporation. It is the urban planning agency that oversees the civic needs of Warangal. Its geographical area covers most of that administered by the Kakatiya Urban Development Authority.Hanamkonda
Hanmakonda is the major shopping and residential locality in Warangal City, Telangana, India.
It is also a Mandal in Warangal Urban District. it falls under Greater Warangal Municipal corporation.Jangaon district
Jangaon district is a district in the Indian state of Telangana. It was a part of the Warangal district and Nalgonda district prior to the re-organisation of districts in the state. .The district shares boundaries with Suryapet, Yadadri, Warangal (rural) district, Warangal urban, Siddipet and Mahabubabad districts.Jayashankar Bhupalpally district
Jayashankar Bhupalpally is a district in the Indian state of Telangana. The district headquarters are located at Bhupalpally. It was a part of the Warangal district prior to the re-organisation of districts in the state.Karimnagar district
Karimnagar district is one of the 31 districts of the Indian state of Telangana. Karimnagar city is its administrative headquarters. The district shares boundaries with Peddapalli, Jagityal, Sircilla, Siddipet, Jangaon, Warangal urban and Jayashankar Bhupalapally districts.List of constituencies of the Telangana Legislative Assembly
In Telangana, the Vidhan Sabha, or Legislative Assembly, has 119 constituencies. 18
constituencies are reserved for the Scheduled Castes candidates and 9 constituencies are reserved for the Scheduled tribes candidates.
The below are the lists of constituencies, the mandals they cover and their respective representatives who won the 2018 Telangana Legislative Assembly election.Mahabubabad district
Mahabubabad is a district in the Indian state of Telangana. It was a part of the Warangal district prior to the re-organisation of districts in the state in October 2016.The district shares boundaries with Suryapet, Khammam, Bhadradri Kothagudem,Jayashankar Bhupalpalle,Warangal Rural, Jangaon districts.National Institute of Technology, Warangal
The National Institute of Technology, Warangal (NIT Warangal or NITW) is a public engineering institution located in Warangal, India. It is recognised as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India. The foundation stone for this institute was laid by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 1959, the first in the chain of 31 NITs (formerly known as RECs) in the country. The institute was renamed as the National Institute of Technology, Warangal in 2002.Palakurthi (Assembly constituency)
Palakurthi Assembly constituency is a constituency of Telangana Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 12 constituencies in Warangal district.It is part of Warangal Lok Sabha constituency
Yerrabelli Dayakararao, Floor Leader of Telugu Desam Party in Telangana Legislative Assembly is representing the constituency since its inception in 2009.Parkal (Assembly constituency)
Parkal Assembly constituency is a constituency of Telangana Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 12 constituencies in Warangal district.It is part of Warangal Lok Sabha constituency.
Challa Dharma Reddy is representing the constituency.Telangana
Telangana ( (listen)) is a state in India situated on the centre-south stretch of the Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau. It is the twelfth largest state and the twelfth-most populated state in India with a geographical area of 112,077 km2 (43,273 sq mi) and 35,193,978 residents as per 2011 census. On 2 June 2014, the area was separated from the northwestern part of Andhra Pradesh as the newly formed 29th state with Hyderabad as its historic permanent capital. Its other major cities include Warangal, Nizamabad, Khammam and Karimnagar. Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south. The terrain of Telangana region consists mostly of hills, mountain ranges, and thick dense forests distribution of 27,292 sq. km. As of 2019, the state of Telangana is divided into 33 districts.
Throughout antiquity and the Middle Ages, the region now known as Telangana was ruled by multiple major Indian powers such as the Cholas, Mauryans, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Golconda Sultanate. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the region was ruled by the Mughals. The region is known for its Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb. During the 18th century and the British Raj, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1823, the Nizams lost control over Northern Circars (Coastal Andhra) and Ceded Districts (Rayalseema), which were handed over to the East India Company. The annexation by the British of the Northern Circars deprived Hyderabad State, the Nizam's dominion, of the considerable coastline it formerly had, to that of a landlocked princely state with territories in Central Deccan, bounded on all sides by British India. Thereafter, the Northern Circars were governed as part of Madras Presidency until India's independence in 1947, after which the presidency became India's Madras state.The Hyderabad state joined the Union of India in 1948 after an Indian military invasion. In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State (part of the Madras Presidency during the British Raj) to form Andhra Pradesh. A peasant-driven movement began to advocate for separation from Andhra Pradesh starting in the early 1950s, and continued until Telangana was awarded separate statehood on 2 June 2014.The economy of Telangana is the eighth-largest state economy in India with ₹8.43 lakh crore (US$120 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹181,000 (US$2,500). The state has emerged as a major focus for robust IT software, industry and services sector. The state is also the main administrative centre to a large number of Indian defence aero-space and research labs like Bharat Dynamics Limited, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation and Defence Research and Development Laboratory.The cultural hearts of Telangana, Hyderabad and Warangal, are noted for their wealth and renowned historical structures – Charminar, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Paigah Tombs, Falaknuma Palace, Chowmahalla Palace, Warangal Fort, Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, Thousand Pillar Temple and the Bhongir Fort in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district. The historic city Golconda during the Kakatiya reign was once known for the mines that have produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, Hope Diamond, Daria-i-Noor, Regent Diamond, Nassak Diamond and Noor-ul-Ain. Religious edifices like the Lakshmi Narasimha Temple in Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, and Medak Cathedral are several of its most famous places of worship.Thousand Pillar Temple
The Thousand Pillar Temple or Rudreshwara Swamy Temple is a historic Hindu temple located in the town of Hanamakonda, Telangana State, India. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Surya.
Thousand Pillar Temple, along with "warangal Fort" and "Ramappa Temple" are added to the tentative list of World Heritage sites recognised by UNESCO.Warangal Airport
Warangal Airport also Mamnoor Airport (IATA: WGC, ICAO: VOWA) is located at Mamnoor, Warangal in the state of Telangana, India. The largest airport at the time, remained in service until 1981. The Government of Telangana is trying to revive the airport with some instate services.Warangal East (Assembly constituency)
Warangal East Assembly constituency is a constituency of Telangana Legislative Assembly, India formed after 2009 delimitation of the earlier Hanamkonda Assembly. It is one of 12 constituencies in Warangal district.It is one of the two constituencies in the City of Warangal and part of Warangal Lok Sabha constituency.
Konda Surekha of Telangana Rashtra Samithi won the seat with majority over 55,000 votes in 2014 Legislative Assembly election. Warangal district was adopted by PM Narendra ModiWarangal Fort
Warangal Fort, in Warangal District, Telangana, India, appears to have existed since at least the 12th century when it was the capital of the Kakatiya dynasty. The fort has four ornamental gates, known as Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, that originally formed the entrances to a now ruined great Shiva temple. The Kakatiyan arch has been adopted and officially incorporated into the emblem of Telangana after the state bifurcation. The Fort is included in the "tentative list" of UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Monument was submitted by the Permanent Delegation of India to UNESCO on 10/09/2010.Warangal Police Commissionerate
Warangal Police Commissionerate is a city police force with primary responsibilities in law enforcement and investigation within the districts of Warangal Urban, Warangal Rural and Jangaon.Warangal Rural district
Warangal Rural district is a district in the Indian state of Telangana. The district headquarters are located at Geesugonda. It was a part of the Warangal district prior to the re-organisation of districts in the state.Warangal Urban district
Warangal Urban District is located in the northern region of the Indian state of Telangana. The district headquarters are located at Warangal.Warangal West (Assembly constituency)
Warangal West Assembly constituency is a constituency of Telangana Legislative Assembly, India formed after 2009 delimitation of the earlier Hanamkonda Assembly . It is one of 12 constituencies in Warangal district.It is one of the two constituencies in the City of Warangal and part of Warangal Lok Sabha constituency
Dasyam Vinay Bhaskar of Telangana Rashtra Samithi is representing the constituency since its inception in 2009.
|Average max. and min. temperatures in °F|
|Precipitation totals in inches|
|Warangal city population|
Warangal (urban) topics
|Place of worship|
Urban local bodies in Telangana
|Lok Sabha constituencies|