Wankaner

Wankaner is a city and a municipality in Morbi district in the State of Gujarat. Until 2013, Wankaner was part of the Rajkot district.

Wankaner
city
Wankaner palace
Wankaner palace
Wankaner is located in Gujarat
Wankaner
Wankaner
Location in Gujarat, India
Wankaner is located in India
Wankaner
Wankaner
Wankaner (India)
Coordinates: 22°37′N 70°56′E / 22.62°N 70.93°ECoordinates: 22°37′N 70°56′E / 22.62°N 70.93°E
CountryIndia
StateGujarat
DistrictMorbi
Elevation
81 m (266 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total43,881
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ
Websitegujaratindia.com

Etymology

The city was named after its location on the Machhu River, "Wankaner" translating to "riverbend" ("Wanka" - bend, " -ner" - river) in Gujarati.[2]

Geography

Wankaner is located at 22°37′N 70°56′E / 22.62°N 70.93°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 81 metres (265 feet) and is about 53 kilometres (33 mi) from Rajkot.

History

Wankaner was founded by four friends, and two were saints i.e. Shahbava and Nagabava. Nagabava was the Rajyguru of state. Shahbava in an event cursed the state, that the place would fall due to either fire or water. The temple of Nagabava and dargah of Shahbava survive in the old city, and thousands of people go for worship each day to get blessings. Wankaner has many other Hindu and Muslim places of worship.

Wankaner State was an 11-gun salute state during the British Raj era, when it was governed by members of the senior branch of the Jhala dynasty.

Flag of Wankaner State
Flag of Wankaner State

References

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=538557
  2. ^ Ahmed, Saad (27 August 2017). "The Palatial Wonderland: On the bend of the Machhu river in Wankaner, two palaces take you to a rich royal past". The Indian Express. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Wankaner
1839 in India

This article details events occurring in the year 1839 in India. Major events include the reduction of the Khanate of Kalat to a subsidiary ally of the British, and the capture of Aden in Yemen by the East India Company, creating an important stopover for voyages between Europe and India.

Amarsinhji Banesinhji

Captain H.H. Maharana Raj Shri Sir Amarsinhji Banesinhji Sahib, KCSI , KCIE (4 January 1879 – 25 June 1954) was the last Maharana Raj Sahib of Wankaner belonging to Jhala dynasty, who ascended the throne of princely state of Wankaner on 12 June 1881 and ruled until his state was merged into India on 15 February 1948. He continued to be officially Maharana Sahib of Wankaner till his death on 28 June 1954.He was installed on the throne upon death of his father Maharana Banesinhji Jaswantsinhji on 25 June 1881 at age of two years and State was placed under administration of government. He joined Rajkumar College, Rajkot for education. After his education was complete, he was given rein of State on 18 March 1889.He served during the Great War with the Kathiawar Motor Ambulance Corps 1915-1916. A well-educated and progressive ruler, he took a great interest in improving the welfare of his subjects. He established the first Farmers Co-operative Bank in Saurashtra to provide finance to farmers, promoted agriculture, the dairy and textile industries. He also introduced village self-government schemes, the first pensions for state employees, reformed the public services and a strong and effective police force.A gifted sportsmen, he excelled in badminton, cricket and marksmanship. He also took a keen interest in motoring, aircraft and architecture, building a several lovely palaces and public buildings in Wankaner and Wankaner House in Bombay. He celebrated his Golden Jubilee on 31 May 1931.He signed the treaty of accession and merged his State with Union of India forming part of United State of Kathiawar on 15 February 1948.In 1951, a cotton textile mill at Wankaner, named Shree Amarsinhji Mills Limited, named after him was founded by his son Pratapsinhji Jhala, which, however, has now been taken over by Kores India in 1980. However, his grandson, Digvijaysinhji Jhala continues to serve the company as a director.His eldest son Pratapsinhji Amarsinhji succeeded to the title of Maharana of Wankaner upon his death on 28 June 1954.

Dahinsara Junction railway station

Dahinsara Junction railway station is a railway station on the Western Railway network in the state of Gujarat, India. Dahinsara Junction railway station is 27 km from Morbi railway station. Passenger trains halt here. Navlakhi Port is well connected to Dahinsara Junction by rail.

Gandhidham–Ahmedabad main line

The Gandhidham–Ahmedabad main line belongs to Western Railway of Ahmedabad Division in Gujarat State.

Greater Nashik Metro

The Greater Nashik Metro is a proposed rapid transit system in the Indian city of Nashik. The system is proposed to reduce traffic congestion as well as provide direct connectivity to Nashik from its neighbourhood. The Greater Nashik Metro will connect suburbs like Deolali, Nashik Road, Upnagar, Nashik Airport, Sinnar and Igatpuri, Gangapur road

This project is implemented & operated by Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited (MAHA-METRO).

Maharashtra CM in an interview stated that feasibility report will be created soon. Greater Nashik Metro will be implemented by MahaMetro and funded by CIDCO.(2018)

Jhala (clan)

Jhala is a clan of Kshatriya Kolis and Rajputs. They are found in Gujarat state of India. Kolis ruled over Ilol State and Katosan State.The princely state of Dhrangadhra was a 13-gun salute state in the 1920s, when it was ruled by members of the Jhala dynasty. At that time, Jhalas also governed in the 11-gun salute state of Wankaner and in the 9-gun salute states of Limbdi and Wadhwan, as well as in the non-salute states of Lakhtar, Sayla and Chuda.

Khodiyar

Khodiyar Maa (Maa meaning mother in many Indian languages) is a warrior Hindu goddess born in Charan caste around 700 AD. She was daughter of Mamad Ji Charan.In Gujrat Charans are also known as Gadhvi.

Mamad Ji Charan had good relations with the then ruler Maharaj Shilbhadra. The ruler's ministers envied this exceptional relationship and hatched a plan to get rid of Mamad Ji. They were not very successful at persuading the ruler, but they succeeded in persuading the ruler's wife, the queen.

One day, the doorkeepers did not let him go into the palace. When Mamad Ji asked for the reason, he was told that a childless man is not worthy of the king's presence. Mamad Ji returned home and wanted to ask Lord Shiva for help. When Lord Shiva did not appear, he decided to give his life away as a final sacrifice. Just when he was about to kill himself, Lord Shiva appeared and took him to the Snake Kingdom – Nagaloka to see the King of Snakes – Nagadev.

After hearing his story of humiliation, the Nagadev's daughters decided to help too. When Mamad Ji came home, with his wife he prepared, as advised by the Nagdev's daughters, eight cradles in expectation of a great event. Later due to the boon of Lord Shiva and Nagdev he was blessed with seven sisters and a son. One of the daughters was Khodiyar Maa. They were raised as fearsome warriors and always wore black cloths in memory of their native place, the Naglok. Therefore, they were given the names as cobra sisters or Nagnechi in the local language and were also the tutelary deity of the royal house of the erstwhile Marwar state. After showing many miraculous powers, people consider her to be a goddess and she has temples and shrines too in all of the northwestern part of Indian subcontinent. Her vehicle is the crocodile and she has many other names such as Khodal, Trishuldhari, Maavdi.

Khodiyar is considered as a daughter of Charan. Her temples are found all over Gujarat, Rajasthan and Mumbai, but the most important four are – Matel Near Wankaner, Rajpura village near Bhavnagar, Galdhara near Dhari and tataniya dhara (bhavnagar).

Khodaldham is massive under-construction temple of "maa khodiyar" approximate area of 50 vigha. It is located near Kagvad [Gujarat, 360370], off Jetpur-Virpur road section on NH27. It is located close to Khambalida Buddhist caves.

Khodiyar's temple at Matel near Wankaner is huge and people gather on the riverbank near the temple to see a crocodile, the goddess' mount. The place is located about 17km north of Wankaner, and 26km southeast of Morbi.

Sprawling Khodiyar Mataji temple at Rajpara village (Rajpara Dham) is equally popular. It is located about 18 km west of Bhavnagar city. There is a lake near the temple known as Tataniya Dharo, and for the same reason, goddess is also known as Tataniya Dharawali.

Galadhara Shree Khodiyar Mandir near Dhari, Gujarat is equally massive and popular.

A Gujarati film Jai Khodiyar Maa, was once a box office hit and Hemant Chauhan has a garba CD with the same title.

Lincoln House (Mumbai)

Lincoln House, previously known as Wankaner House, is a 50,000 sq foot heritage property located at 78, Bhulabhai Desai Road, Breach Candy, Mumbai, India.

Maliya Miyana Junction railway station

Maliya Miyana Junction railway station is a railway station in Maliya of Morbi district in Gujarat. It belongs to the Western Railway of Ahmedabad Division.Maliya Miyana Junction is well connected by rail to Bandra Terminus, Dadar Western, Visakhapatnam Junction, Nagercoil, Bareilly Junction, Gandhidham Junction, Bhuj and Kamakhya.

Maliya Miyana–Wankaner section

The Maliya Miyana–Wankaner section belongs to Western Railway of Rajkot Division in Gujarat State.

Mohammed Javed Pirzada

Mohammed Javed Pirzada is an Indian politician belonging to the Indian National Congress. He is a three-time MLA representing Wankaner constituency in Gujarat, having won in 2007, 2012 and 2017. Prior to joining politics, Pirzada was a school principal. He lost his first election contest in 2002. He has obtained BA and B. Ed. degrees from the Saurashtra University. In 2018, Pirzada was appointed a member of the Gujarat State Waqf Board, a body responsible for properties donated for religious or charitable purposes as recognized by Muslim Law.Pirzada comes from a prominent local family. His father Abdul Pirzada and two brothers Manzoor Pirzada and Khurshid Pirzada have also served as representatives from Wankaner in the Gujarat Vidhan Sabha.

Morbi district

Morbi District is in the state of Gujarat, India. It was formed on August 15, 2013, along with several other districts, on the 67th Independence Day of India. Morbi city is the administrative headquarters of the district.The district has 5 talukas - Morbi, Maliya, Tankara, Wankaner (previously in Rajkot district) and Halvad (previously in Surendranagar district). Morbi city is the administrative headquarters of Morbi district. The town of Morbi is situated on the Machchhu River, 35 km from the sea and 60 km from Rajkot. As per 2011 census data, the city had a population of 2,10,451 and average literacy rate of 83.64%.

This district is surrounded by Kutch district to the north, Surendranagar district to the east, Rajkot district to the south and Jamnagar district to the west.

Morbi railway station

The Morbi railway station belongs to Western Railway of Rajkot Division. It is located in Morbi district of Gujarat State.

Rajkot Junction railway station

Rajkot Junction railway station is a railway station in the city of Rajkot, Gujarat. It is a major railway station in Saurashtra. It is connected to Wankaner Junction in North, Jamnagar in West and Jetalsar Junction in South. Many trains start from here.

Surendranagar–Bhavnagar line

The Surendranagar–Bhavnagar line was located in Gujarat state of India.

Viramgam–Okha line

The Viramgam–Okha line is a railway passing through Gujarat State.

Wankaner Junction railway station

Wankaner Junction railway station is located in Wankaner city of Morbi district, Gujarat. It is under Rajkot division of Western Railway. Its code is WKR. It has four platforms. Passenger, DEMU, Express, and Superfast trains halt here.Wankaner Junction is well connected by rail to Veraval Junction, Okha, Porbandar, Hapa, Jamnagar, Rajkot Junction, Morbi, Gandhidham Junction, Ahmedabad Junction, Bilaspur Junction, Gorakhpur Junction, Rameswaram, Delhi Sarai Rohilla, Rewa, Secunderabad Junction, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra, Thiruvananthapuram, Muzaffarpur Junction, Pune Junction, Jabalpur Junction, Indore Junction, Nathdwara, Kamakhya, Bandra Terminus and Mumbai Central.

Wankaner State

Wankaner State was one of the princely states of India in the historical Halar region of Kathiawar during the period of the British Raj. It was an eleven gun salute state belonging to the Kathiawar Agency of the Bombay Presidency.

Its capital was in Wankaner, located in Rajkot district, present-day Gujarat state. Most of the territory of the state was mountainous.

Wankaner–Surendra Nagar section

The Wankaner–Surendranagar section belongs to Western Railway of Rajkot Division in Gujarat State.

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