Wamberal Lagoon

Wamberal Lagoon, an intermittently closed intermediate saline coastal lagoon,[1] is located on the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. Wamberal Lagoon is located between the beachside settlements of Forresters Beach and Wamberal, and adjacent to the east coast, about 87 kilometres (54 mi) north of Sydney.

Wamberal Lagoon
LocationCentral Coast, New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates33°26′S 151°27′E / 33.433°S 151.450°ECoordinates: 33°26′S 151°27′E / 33.433°S 151.450°E
TypeIntermittently closed intermediate saline coastal lagoon[1]
Primary inflowsForresters Creek
Primary outflowsTasman Sea of the South Pacific Ocean
Catchment area5.8 square kilometres (2.2 sq mi)[2]
Basin countriesAustralia
Surface area50 hectares (120 acres)[2]
Average depth1.7 metres (5 ft 7 in) (AHD)[2]
Water volume880.2 megalitres (31.08×106 cu ft)[2]
Surface elevation0 m (0 ft)
SettlementsForresters Beach, Wamberal
References[3]

Features and location

Fed by stormwater runoff that flows into Forresters Creek, the lagoon has a surface area of approximately 50 hectares (120 acres) and a catchment area of 5.8 square kilometres (2.2 sq mi).[2] When full, the Wamberal Lagoon covers an area of around 50 hectares (120 acres).[3] Its outflow is to the Tasman Sea of the South Pacific Ocean that is generally closed, and water levels inside the lagoon are not usually influenced by ocean tides.[4]

The lagoon and the surrounding land comprising 139 hectares (340 acres) form part of the Wamberal Lagoon Nature Reserve, a nature reserve created in 1981, that is under management of the NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service.[5]

Terrigal Lagoon and Avoca Lake are located to the south and are a short distance away.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Roy, P. S; Williams, R. J; Jones, A. R; Yassini, I; et al. (2001). "Structure and Function of South-east Australian Estuaries". Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 53: 351–384. doi:10.1006/ecss.2001.0796.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Estuaries of NSW: Wamberal Lagoon". Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 24 June 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Map of Wamberal Lagoon, NSW". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Wamberal Lagoon" (PDF). Environmental fact sheets: W11. Gosford City Council. January 2005. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  5. ^ "Wamberal Lagoon Nature Reserve". NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service: Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2013.

External links

Avoca Lake

The Avoca Lake, formerly known as Avoca Lagoon and as Bulbararing Lagoon, is an intermittently closed intermediate saline coastal lagoon that is located on the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. Avoca Lake is located between the beachside settlements of North Avoca and Avoca Beach, and adjacent to the east coast, about 85 kilometres (53 mi) north of Sydney.

Chipping Norton Lake

Chipping Norton Lake is a lake located at Chipping Norton, New South Wales. It is a part of the Georges River system. Chipping Norton Lake is managed by Liverpool City Council and is an artificial lake. The lake is an important recreational area for Liverpool, Canterbury-Bankstown Council and Fairfield City Council.

Cook Island Nature Reserve

Cook Island Nature Reserve is a protected area in the Australian state of new South Wales located on Cook Island about 600 metres (2,000 ft) off the coastline from the headland of Fingal Head and about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south-east of Tweed Heads on the state's north coast.The nature reserve consists of the full extent of Cook Island down to the Mean High Water Mark. The land under protection was first proclaimed as a fauna reserve under the Fauna Protection Act 1948 on 8 August 1959. It became a nature reserve under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1967 in 1967. It is surrounded by the Cook Island Aquatic Reserve. As of 2016, it covered an area of 5 hectares (12 acres).

In 1978, the nature reserve was described as follows:

Cook Island provides a breeding habitat for seabirds, in particular the crested tern (Sterna bergii) and the wedge tailed shearwater (Puffinus pacificus). The crested tern is an international migratory bird.

The island is well vegetated with closed scrub. This vegetation provides shelter for the nesting birds. The island has a large population of wedge tailed shearwaters. Due to difficulty of access on to the island the vegetation has maintained its natural condition…

The nature reserve is classified as an IUCN Category Ia protected area. In 1978, it was listed on the now-defunct Register of the National Estate.

Eastern swamp crayfish

The eastern swamp crayfish (Gramastacus lacus) is a species of small freshwater crayfish from coastal New South Wales, Australia. It is distinguished from related species by large genital papilla on the males, large raised postorbital ridges, a laterally compressed carapace, and elongated chelae.

Lake Parramatta

Lake Parramatta is a heritage-listed man-made reservoir and a recreational area located in North Parramatta, City of Parramatta, in the Western Sydney region of New South Wales, Australia. The masonry arch-walled dam across Hunts Creek was completed in 1856 to supply water for domestic purposes; and was operational until 1909. The dam has since been decommissioned and the lake and the surrounding nature reserve are a popular recreational area.The precinct contains a 73-hectare (180-acre) nature reserve, the largest bushland remnant surviving in the Parramatta LGA. The 8-square-kilometre (3.1 sq mi) catchment area for Lake Parramatta is bounded by North Rocks Road, Pennant Hills Road and Hunts Creek. The height of the dam wall is 15 metres (49 ft) and it creates a lake with a maximum storage capacity of 485 megalitres (17.1×10^6 cu ft), with a surface area of approximately 10.5 hectares (26 acres).The dam was the twelfth engineered dam built since Roman times 100BC, the first in Australia, and the second arch built universally that involved calculations for its construction. Water from this dam was not reticulated until 1881 when it was required to augment the then dwindling water supply. The dam wall is listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register in recognition of its significance relating to dam technology in Australia arch dams worldwide; and has an indicative listing on the Register of the National Estate. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 23 March 2012.On 5 December 2012 the Governor proclaimed Lake Parramatta Reserve as a 'Wildlife Refuge’ under Section 68 of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974. The proclamation was in recognition of the diversity of wildlife and threatened species which occur in the reserve. Swimming in Lake Parramatta was permitted between 1920 and 1940; and after a prolonged period of closure due to poor water quality, was reopened to the public in 2015. Entry to the reserve is from Lackey Street, North Parramatta.

List of lakes of Australia

Natural freshwater lakes in Australia are rare due to the general absence of glacial and tectonic activity in Australia.

Protected areas of New South Wales

The Protected areas of New South Wales include both terrestrial and marine protected areas. At 30 June 2010 there were 776 separate terrestrial protected areas with a total land area of 6,641,256 hectares (16,410,900 acres) (8.29% of the state’s area). 189 of these are national parks, totalling 5,045,422 hectares (12,467,510 acres). At the same time there were 18 aquatic protected areas with a total area of 347,087 hectares (857,670 acres).

Rivers of New South Wales

This page discusses the rivers and hydrography of the state of New South Wales, Australia.

The principal topographic feature of New South Wales is the series of low highlands and plateaus called the Great Dividing Range, which extend from north to south roughly parallel to the coast of the Coral and Tasman seas of the South Pacific Ocean.

The two main categories of rivers in New South Wales, are those that rise in the Great Dividing Range and flow eastwards to the sea, the Coastal NSW Rivers; and those that rise on the other side of the crest of the range and flow westward, the Inland NSW Rivers. Most of the inland rivers eventually combine into the Murray-Darling network of rivers, which drains to the sea in South Australia.

Rosford Street Reserve

Rosford Street Reserve, or Rosford Reserve, is an urban park and nature reserve situated in the western suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The reserve contains an open grassland, woodlands and recreational areas surrounded by native plants, such as eucalyptus trees. Janice Crosio Oval is a fenced sports ground incorporated within the reserve. The park is one of the largest in the Fairfield LGA area.

Scabby Range Nature Reserve

Scabby Range Nature Reserve is a heritage-listed protected area at Sams River Fire Trail, Yaouk, New South Wales, Australia. It was established on 3 December 1982 and added to the former Australian Register of the National Estate on 30 June 1992. It was added to the Australian National Heritage List as part of the Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves on 7 November 2008.

Stingray Swamp Flora Reserve

Stingray Swamp Flora Reserve (SWFR) is located immediately north of Penrose township in the south-western region of Wingecarribee Shire. The reserve is primarily surrounded by the Penrose State Forest, which is a commercially active plantation forest administered by the Forest Corporation NSW. Pine species dominate the state forest with a mix of native vegetation types in isolated pockets and adjacent areas. Stingray Swamp Flora Reserve belongs to a larger wetland complex known as the Paddy’s River Wetland Complex (PRWC). These wetlands also form part of the Paddy’s River sub-catchment, which belong to the larger Hawkesbury-Nepean catchment. Historic use of this area has mainly been that of pine plantation, agriculture and mining activities. The forest is publicly accessible and therefore is a site of mixed recreational activities.

Strike-a-Light Nature Reserve

The Strike-a-Light Nature Reserve is a protected nature reserve in the Monaro region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 407-hectare (1,010-acre) reserve is situated five kilometres north-west of Jerangle and 55 kilometres south of Queanbeyan.The reserve was created in January 2001 as part of the Southern Regional Forest Agreement. Prior to this, the area was Crown land.

Terrigal Lagoon

Terrigal Lagoon, an intermittently closed intermediate saline coastal lagoon, is located on the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. Terrigal Lagoon is located between the towns of Terrigal and Wamberal, and adjacent to the east coast, about 85 kilometres (53 mi) north of Sydney.

Wakool River

Wakool River, an anabranch of the Edward River that is part of the Murray River catchment within the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the western Riverina region of south western New South Wales, Australia.

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Wamberal, New South Wales

Wamberal () is a coastal suburb of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, just north of Terrigal. It is part of the Central Coast Council local government area and is located adjacent to the Wamberal Lagoon.

Warialda State Conservation Area

Warialda State Conservation Area is a conservation area in New South Wales close to Warialda.The conservation area is home to many species of plants, including Persoonia terminalis.

Weetalibah Nature Reserve

The Weetalibah Nature Reserve is a 2,146-hectare (5,300-acre) protected area in Central West New South Wales, Australia. Created in August 1968, it supports narrow-leaved ironbark, white cypress, broad-leaved ironbark and tumbledown gum. Mugga ironbark and red stringybark are also present.

Wetherill Park Nature Reserve

Wetherill Park Nature Reserve, also called Wetherill Park Reserve, is an urban park and a nature reserve situated in the western suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The reserve contains an open woodland and bushland which feature native plants, such as eucalyptus trees, and recreational areas.

Wolgan River

The Wolgan River, a watercourse of the Hawkesbury-Nepean catchment, is located in the Central Tablelands region of New South Wales, Australia.

Lakes and other natural bodies of water in New South Wales, Australia
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