Walter von Keudell

Walter von Keudell (17 July 1884 – 7 May 1973) was a German forest expert and politician. He served as interior minister of Germany between 1927 and 1928 during the period of the Weimar Republic.

Walter von Keudell
Walter von Keudell
Interior Minister of Weimar Republic
In office
31 January 1927 – 12 June 1928
ChancellorWilhelm Marx
Preceded byWilhelm Külz
Succeeded byCarl Severing
Personal details
Born17 July 1884
Castellamare di Stabia
Died7 May 1973 (aged 88)
Bonn
NationalityGerman

Early life

Von Keudell was born in Castellamare di Stabia, Naples, Italy, on 17 July 1884.[1] He was the oldest son of Robert von Keudell, German diplomat and member of the Reichstag.[1] His mother was Alexandra von Grünhof. He had a brother, Otto von Keudell, and a sister, Hedwig von Keudell.

Career

Von Keudell started his career in the forest administration in Frankfurt/Oder in 1908. From 1915 he worked at the Reichsgetreidestelle (Reich grain administration). From 1916 to 1920 von Keudell was Landrat at Königsberg (Neumark) (today Chojna). As a result of the failed Kapp Putsch, which he supported, von Keudell had to retire and worked as a farmer at Gut Hohenlübbichow.[2]

However, he returned to politics and was elected as a member of the Reichstag for the German National People's Party (DNVP) from 1924 to 1930 (after 1929 Christian-National Peasants' and Farmers' Party).[2][3]

On 31 January 1927, he was appointed Reichsinnenminister (minister of the interior) in the fourth cabinet of chancellor Wilhelm Marx.[3][4] Von Keudell was one of three nationalist cabinet members.[5]

The cabinet resigned on 12 June 1928 and Carl Severing replaced von Keudell as interior minister on 29 June 1928, when the new government headed by Hermann Müller took office.[6]

Von Keudell joined the NSDAP in 1933 and from that year was Oberlandforstmeister and head of the Prussian Landesforstverwaltung in Brandenburg.[2][7]

In 1934, von Keudell became Generalforstmeister. In 1936, Reichsforstmeister Hermann Göring appointed von Keudell as his Staatssekretär and deputy at the Reichsforstamt (ministry of forest affairs). He served in this capacity until 1937. That year he also was a member of the Reichsverkehrsrat (Reich transportation council).[2][8][9]

He was removed from office in 1937 (im einstweiligen Ruhestand) when he refused to implement the forest policy of Göring which advocated the use of the mandatory cutting quota in private forests as in public forests.[9] Friedrich Alpers succeeded von Keudell in the post.[9][2]

In 1948, von Keudell joined the Christian Democratic Union.[2]

Personal life and death

Walter von Keudell was a devout Protestant.[10] He died in Bonn on 7 May 1973.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Walter von Keudell". Munzinger. 16 July 1973. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Keudell, Walter von". Bundesarchiv. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b Hermann Beck (15 January 2011). The Fateful Alliance: German Conservatives and Nazis in 1933: The Machtergreifung in a New Light. Berghahn Books. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-85745-410-2. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  4. ^ Eastern, Northern and Central Europe. Annex: International Organisations. Walter de Gruyter. 1 January 2006. p. 785. ISBN 978-3-11-093910-1. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  5. ^ Ellen Lovell Evans (1981). The German Center Party, 1870-1933: A Study in Political Catholicism. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. |access-date= requires |url= (help) – via Questia (subscription required)
  6. ^ Walter H. Kaufmann (1953). Monarchism in the Weimar Republic. New York: Bookman Associates. Retrieved 17 October 2013. – via Questia (subscription required)
  7. ^ Rüdiger Bergien, Die bellizistische Republik: Wehrkonsens und "Wehrhaftmachung" in Deutschland 1918-1933, Oldenbourg Verlag, 2012, p. 367
  8. ^ Franz-Josef Brüggemeier; Mark Cioc; Thomas Zeller (2005). How Green Were the Nazis?: Nature, Environment, and Nation in the Third Reich. Ohio University Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-8214-1647-1. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Thomas Lekan; Thomas Zeller (2005). Germany's Nature: Cultural Landscapes and Environmental History. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Retrieved 17 October 2013. – via Questia (subscription required)
  10. ^ Noel D. Cary (1996). The Path to Christian Democracy: German Catholics and the Party System from Windthorst to Adenauer. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Retrieved 17 October 2013. – via Questia (subscription required)

External links

1973 in Germany

Events in the year 1973 in Germany.

Carl Severing

Carl Wilhelm Severing (1 June 1875, Herford, Westphalia – 23 July 1952, Bielefeld) was a German Social Democrat politician during the Weimar era.

He was seen as a representative of the right wing of the party. Over the years, he took a leading influence in the party district of Ostwestfalen and Lippe. He was a parliamentarian in the German Empire, the Weimar Republic and in Northrhine-Westphalia. He first played more than a regional role when he became Reich and later State Commissar in the Ruhr from 1919 to 1920.

He was Interior Minister of Prussia from 1920 to 1926, Minister of the Interior from 1928 to 1930 and Interior Minister of Prussia again from 1930 to 1932. Along with fellow Social Democrat, Otto Braun, Severing agreed to General Hans von Seeckt's plans for a secret army to protect Germany's eastern border against a sudden attack from Poland. At the Nuremberg Trials on 21 May 1946, Severing defended this strategy by saying:

That the army of 100,000 men granted to Germany was not sufficient even for a defensive war was and is known to-day possibly to everyone in Germany concerned with politics. Germany got into a very bad situation with regard to her eastern neighbours since the establishment of the Corridor. The insular position of East Prussia forced Germany, even at that time (1920–22), to take measures which I reluctantly helped to carry out.

According to Geoffrey Winthrop Young's diary entry for 14 December 1929: "A dramatic incident was the entry of Minister Severing three hours late at the end of a cabinet meeting which had lasted two days, during which time he had saved parliamentary government in Germany, and incidentally avoided being appointed himself dictator by Hindenburg. He was naturally fatigued, but took part in our discussions for the remainder of a long evening".Severing introduced the law for the defence of the Republic and said of it on 13 March 1930:

The right of assembly has become the wrongs of assembly, and press freedom has become press licence. We cannot permit demagogues to inflame the masses any further. Last year in Prussia alone three hundred policemen were wounded and fourteen killed in the course of their duties.

Deutsche Jägerschaft

Reichsbund Deutsche Jägerschaft (German Hunting Society) was the official hunting society in Nazi Germany, 1934-1945. Membership was mandatory for all who possessed a hunting license.

Friedrich Dickel

Friedrich Dickel (9 December 1913 – 23 October 1993) was a German politician, who served as the interior minister of East Germany for nearly twenty-six years.

Karl Maron

Karl Maron (27 April 1903 – 2 February 1975) was a German politician, who served as the interior minister of East Germany. He also assumed different posts in East Germany's government.

List of German Christian Democratic Union politicians

A list of notable members of the Christian Democratic Union.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

List of German interior ministers

The Federal Minister of the Interior (German: Bundesminister des Innern) is the head of the Federal Ministry of the Interior and a member of the Cabinet of Germany. The current office holder is Horst Seehofer.

List of Nazis (F–K)

A list of notable people who were at some point a member of the defunct Nazi Party (NSDAP). This is not meant to be a list of every person who was ever a member of the Nazi Party. This is a list of notable figures who were active within the party and did something significant within it that is of historical note or who were members of the Nazi Party according to multiple reliable publications. For a list of the main leaders and most important party figures see: List of Nazi Party leaders and officials.

Overview A–E F–K L–R S–Z

Lothar Ahrendt

Lothar Ahrendt (born 13 March 1936 in Erfurt) is one of the former interior ministers of the German Democratic Republic.

Members of the IV. German Reichstag (Weimar Republic)

The German parliament or Reichstag that was elected in the general election of May 1928 and sat until that of September 1930 was the fourth parliament of the Weimar Republic.

Peter-Michael Diestel

Peter-Michael Diestel (born 14 February 1952, in Prora, Kreis Rügen) is a German lawyer and former politician. He was the last Interior Minister of East Germany, under prime minister Lothar de Maizière.

Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Antoinette Ernestine Amalie; 28 August 1779 – 14 March 1824) was a German princess of the House of Wettin. By marriage, she was a Duchess of Württemberg. Through her eldest surviving son, she is the ancestress of today's (Catholic) House of Württemberg.

Born in Coburg, she was the second daughter of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Countess Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf. She was also the elder sister of King Leopold I of Belgium and the aunt of both Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert. Her maternal grandparents were Heinrich XXIV, Count Reuß-Ebersdorf and Karoline Ernestine von Erbach-Schönberg, and her paternal grandparents were Ernst Friedrich and Antoinette of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel.

Prussian Union of Churches

The Prussian Union of Churches (known under multiple other names) was a major Protestant church body which emerged in 1817 from a series of decrees by Frederick William III of Prussia that united both Lutheran and Reformed denominations in Prussia. Although not the first of its kind, the Prussian Union was the first to occur in a major German state.

It became the biggest independent religious organization in the German Empire and later Weimar Germany, with about 18 million parishioners. The church underwent two schisms (one permanent since the 1830s, one temporary 1934–1948), due to changes in governments and their policies. After being the favoured state church of Prussia in the 19th century, it suffered interference and oppression at several times in the 20th century, including the persecution of many parishioners.

In the 1920s the Second Polish Republic and Lithuania, and in the 1950s to 1970s East Germany, the People's Republic of Poland, and the Soviet Union, imposed permanent or temporary organizational divisions, eliminated entire congregations, and expropriated church property, transferring it either to secular uses or to different churches more favoured by these various governments. In the course of the Second World War, Church property was either damaged or destroyed by strategic bombing, and by war's end many parishioners fled from the advancing Soviet forces. After the war, complete ecclesiastical provinces vanished following the flight and expulsion of Germans living east of the Oder-Neiße line.

The two post-war periods saw major reforms from within the Church, strengthening the parishioners' democratic participation. In theology the Church counted many renowned persons as its members – such as Friedrich Schleiermacher, Julius Wellhausen (temporarily), Adolf von Harnack, Karl Barth (temporarily), Dietrich Bonhoeffer, or Martin Niemöller (temporarily), to name only a few. In the early 1950s the Church body was transformed into an umbrella, after its prior ecclesiastical provinces had assumed independence in the late 1940s. Following the decline in number of parishioners due to the German demographic crisis and growing irreligion, the Church was subsumed into the Union of Evangelical Churches in 2003.

Reich Ministry of Food and Agriculture

The Reich Ministry of Food and Agriculture (German: Reichsministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft, abbreviated RMEL) was responsible for agricultural policy of Germany during the Weimar Republic from 1919 to 1933 and during the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945. It was under the office of the Secretary of State. On 1 January 1935, the ministry was merged with the Prussian Ministry of Agriculture, Domains and Forestry, founded in 1879. In 1938 it was renamed "Reich and Prussian Ministry of Food and Agriculture". After the end of National Socialism in 1945 and the occupation, the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture was established in 1949 as a successor in the western Federal Republic of Germany.

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The Latinized form is Waltharius, the title of a poem of the late 9th or early 10th century on the legendary Gothic king Walter of Aquitaine. A fragmentary Old English poem on the same character is known as Waldere. Walter of Aquitaine is not a historical king; Jacob Grimm in Teutonic Mythology speculates that Walthari, literally "wielder of hosts", may have been an epithet of the god of war, Ziu or Eor, and that the circumstance that the hero of the Waltharius poems loses his right hand in battle may be significant, linking him to the Norse tradition of Tyr.

Wilhelm Külz

Wilhelm Külz (18 February 1875 – 10 April 1948) was a German liberal politician of the National Liberal Party, the German Democratic Party (DDP) and later the Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (LDPD). He held public office both in the German Empire and in the Weimar Republic. In 1926, he served as interior minister of Germany in the cabinets of chancellors Hans Luther and Wilhelm Marx.

Wilhelm Marx

Wilhelm Marx (15 January 1863 – 5 August 1946) was a German lawyer, Catholic politician and a member of the Centre Party. He was Chancellor of Germany twice, from 1923 to 1925 and again from 1926 to 1928, and he also served briefly as Minister President of Prussia in 1925, during the Weimar Republic. With a total of 3 years, 73 days, he was the longest-serving Chancellor during the Weimar Republic (when adding both of his terms; Heinrich Brüning had the longest continuous tenure with 2 years, 61 days, slightly longer than Marx' first term).

Willi Stoph

Willi Stoph (German pronunciation: [ˈvɪli ˈʃtoːf]; 9 July 1914 – 13 April 1999) was an East German politician. He served as Prime Minister (Chairman of the Council of Ministers) of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) from 1964 to 1973, and again from 1976 until 1989. He also served as chairman of the State Council (head of state) from 1973 to 1976.

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