Walter E. Truemper

Walter Edward Truemper (October 31, 1918 – February 20, 1944) was a United States Army Air Forces officer in World War II and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. He and his crewmate, Staff Sergeant Archibald Mathies, were posthumously awarded the medal for attempting to save the life of their wounded pilot by staying aboard and trying to land their damaged aircraft. Truemper, Mathies, and the pilot were killed when the aircraft crashed following a third unsuccessful landing attempt.

Walter Edward Truemper
Cmoh army
BornOctober 31, 1918
Aurora, Illinois
DiedFebruary 20, 1944 (aged 25)
Polebrook, England
Place of burial
Saint Paul's Lutheran Cemetery, Montgomery, Illinois
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchUnited States Army Air Forces
Years of service1942–1944
RankSecond Lieutenant
Unit510th Bombardment Squadron, 351st Bomb Group
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsMedal of Honor
Bronze Star
Purple Heart

Biography

Born on October 31, 1918, in Aurora, Illinois, Truemper was one of 10 children.[1][2] He attended business college and worked as an accounting clerk before enlisting in the United States Army from Aurora on June 23, 1942. He served for a few months with the 174th Field Artillery at Camp Bowie, Texas, until he entered flying training. He took pre-flight training at Ellington Field, Texas; flexible gunnery at Harlingen, Texas; and advanced navigation at Hondo, Texas, and was commissioned a second lieutenant, Air Corps on August 26, 1943. He served with the 796th Bomb Squadron at Alexandria, Louisiana, until being sent to the Eighth Air Force as a replacement aircrew member in December 1943. He was assigned to the 510th Bomb Squadron, 351st Bombardment Group, based at RAF Polebrook in England.

On February 20, 1944, Truemper took part in a bombing mission over Leipzig, Germany, as a navigator aboard a B-17G Flying Fortress nicknamed Ten Horsepower (AAF Ser. No. 42-31763, markings TU:A). During the mission, the aircraft was attacked by a squadron of German fighter planes. The attack left the bomber severely damaged, the co-pilot dead, the pilot unconscious, and the radio operator wounded. The remaining crewmen were able to fly the plane back to RAF Polebrook, at which point Truemper and the flight engineer, Sergeant Archibald Mathies, volunteered to stay aboard while the others parachuted to safety. After observing the aircraft, their commanding officer determined that it was too badly damaged for the two inexperienced men to land and ordered them to bail out as well. The pilot was still alive and could not be moved, however, and Truemper and Mathies refused to leave him behind. They made two unsuccessful landing attempts before crashing on their third try, killing all three airmen. For this action, both Truemper and Mathies was awarded the Medal of Honor four months later, on June 22, 1944.[1]

Truemper, aged 25 at his death, was buried at Saint Paul's Lutheran Cemetery in Montgomery, Illinois.[3]

Honors

Six streets have been named in Truemper's honor: one at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas; a second at Naval Station Great Lakes, Illinois; a third at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska; a fourth at Yokota Air Base, Japan; one in Aurora, Illinois (as well as a statue there) and a sixth at Mather Airport, part of the Sacramento County Department of Airports in Sacramento, California, which was previously Mather Air Force Base until September 1993 when it was closed due to BRAC action.

Medal of Honor citation

Truemper's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy in connection with a bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe on 20 February 1944. The aircraft on which 2d Lt. Truemper was serving as navigator was attacked by a squadron of enemy fighters with the result that the co-pilot was killed outright, the pilot wounded and rendered unconscious, the radio operator wounded and the plane severely damaged. Nevertheless, 2d Lt. Truemper and other members of the crew managed to right the plane and fly it back to their home station, where they contacted the control tower and reported the situation. 2d Lt. Truemper and the flight engineer volunteered to attempt to land the plane. Other members of the crew were ordered to jump, leaving 2d Lt. Truemper and the engineer aboard. After observing the distressed aircraft from another plane, 2d Lt. Truemper's commanding officer decided the damaged plane could not be landed by the inexperienced crew and ordered them to abandon it and parachute to safety. Demonstrating unsurpassed courage and heroism, 2d Lt. Truemper and the engineer replied that the pilot was still alive but could not be moved and that they would not desert him. They were then told to attempt a landing. After two unsuccessful efforts their plane crashed into an open field in a third attempt to land. 2d Lt. Truemper, the engineer, and the wounded pilot were killed.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Medal of Honor Recipients - World War II (T–Z)". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
  2. ^ Walker, Janelle (November 11, 2010). "Honoring veterans 'the least we can do'". Courier News. Elgin, Illinois. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011.
  3. ^ "Walter E. Truemper". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
  • Freeman, Roger A. The Mighty Eighth (1993 edition), (pp. 269–270). ISBN 0-87938-638-X

External links

351st Missile Wing

The 351st Missile Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit, which was last based at Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri. Assigned to Strategic Air Command for most of its existence, the wing supported LGM-30F Minuteman II ICBMs. It was inactivated in 1995.

During World War II, its predecessor unit, the 351st Bombardment Group was a VIII Bomber Command B-17 Flying Fortress unit in England. Assigned to RAF Polebrook in early 1943, the group's 504th Bomb Squadron made 54 consecutive missions on June 1943 to January 1944 without losses. Two members of the 351st Bombardment Group, 2d Lt Walter E. Truemper and S/Sgt Archibald Mathies, were posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor on a mission to Leipzig, Germany, 20 February 1944.

The 351st was also the unit to which Captain Clark Gable was assigned. Gable flew five combat missions, including one to Germany, as an observer-gunner in B-17 Flying Fortresses between 4 May and 23 September 1943, earning the Air Medal and the Distinguished Flying Cross for his efforts.

Archibald Mathies

Archibald Mathies (June 3, 1918 – February 20, 1944) posthumously received the Medal of Honor as an enlisted member of the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II.

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engined heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC). Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing entry (prototype Model 299/XB-17) outperformed both competitors and exceeded the air corps' performance specifications. Although Boeing lost the contract (to the Douglas B-18 Bolo) because the prototype crashed, the air corps ordered 13 more B-17s for further evaluation. From its introduction in 1938, the B-17 Flying Fortress evolved through numerous design advances, becoming the third-most produced bomber of all time, behind the four-engined B-24 and the multirole, twin-engined Ju 88.

The B-17 was primarily employed by the USAAF in the daylight strategic bombing campaign of World War II against German industrial and military targets. The United States Eighth Air Force, based at many airfields in central, eastern and southern England, and the Fifteenth Air Force, based in Italy, complemented the RAF Bomber Command's nighttime area bombing in the Combined Bomber Offensive to help secure air superiority over the cities, factories and battlefields of Western Europe in preparation for the invasion of France in 1944. The B-17 also participated to a lesser extent in the War in the Pacific, early in World War II, where it conducted raids against Japanese shipping and airfields.From its prewar inception, the USAAC (by June 1941, the USAAF) promoted the aircraft as a strategic weapon; it was a relatively fast, high-flying, long-range bomber with heavy defensive armament at the expense of bombload. It developed a reputation for toughness based upon stories and photos of badly damaged B-17s safely returning to base. The B-17 dropped more bombs than any other U.S. aircraft in World War II. Of approximately 1.5 million tons of bombs dropped on Nazi Germany and its occupied territories by U.S. aircraft, over 640,000 tons were dropped from B-17s. In addition to its role as a bomber, the B-17 was also employed as a transport, antisubmarine aircraft, drone controller, and search-and-rescue aircraft.

As of October 2019, 9 aircraft remain airworthy, though none of them were ever flown in combat. Dozens more are in storage or on static display. The oldest of these is a D-series flown in combat in the Pacific and the Caribbean.

History of Northwestern University

The history of Northwestern University can be traced back to a May 31, 1850, meeting of nine prominent Chicago businessmen who shared a desire to establish a university to serve the Northwest Territories. On January 28, 1851, the Illinois General Assembly granted a charter to the Trustees of the North Western University making it the first recognized university in Illinois. While the original founders were devout Methodists and affiliated the university with Methodist Episcopal Church, they were committed to non-sectarian admissions.John Evans purchased 379 acres (153 ha) of land along Lake Michigan in 1853 and Philo Judson began developing the plans for what would become the city of Evanston. The first building, Old College, opened on November 5, 1855. As a private university that had to raise funds for construction, Northwestern sold $100 "perpetual scholarships" that entitled the purchaser and his heirs to free tuition. Northwestern admitted its first female students in 1869.Northwestern first fielded an intercollegiate football team in 1882, and later became a founding member of the Big Ten Conference. Northwestern became affiliated with professional schools of law, medicine, and dentistry throughout the Chicago area in the 1870s and 1880s. Enrollments grew through the 1890s, and under Henry Wade Rogers these new programs were integrated into a modern research university combining professional, graduate, and undergraduate programs, and emphasizing teaching along with research. The Association of American Universities invited Northwestern to become a member in 1917. Under Walter Dill Scott's presidency from 1920 to 1939, Northwestern began construction of an integrated campus in downtown Chicago designed by James Gamble Rogers to house the professional schools, the establishment of the Kellogg School of Management, as well as opening new buildings on the Evanston campus like Dyche Stadium and Deering Library. A proposal to merge Northwestern with the University of Chicago was considered in 1933, but rejected by Northwestern.Like other American research universities, Northwestern was transformed by World War II. Franklyn B. Snyder lead the university from 1939 to 1949, and during the war nearly 50,000 military officers and personnel were trained on the Evanston and Chicago campuses. After the war surging enrollments under the G.I. Bill drove drastic expansion of both campuses. J. Roscoe Miller's tenure, from 1949 to 1970, was responsible for the expansion of the Evanston campus with the construction of the Lakefill on Lake Michigan, growth of the faculty and new academic programs, as well as polarizing Vietnam-era student protests. Tensions between the Evanston community and the university were strained throughout much of the post-war era given episodes of disruptive student activism, Northwestern's exemption from property tax obligations, as well as restrictions on the sale of alcohol near campus under the original charter although the latter ban was lifted in 1972.As government support of universities declined in the 1970s and 1980s, President Arnold R. Weber oversaw the stabilization of university finances and revitalization of the campuses. As admissions to colleges and universities grew increasingly competitive throughout the 1990s and 2000s, Henry S. Bienen's tenure oversaw the increase in the number and quality of undergraduate applicants, continued expansion of the facilities and faculty, as well as renewed athletic competitiveness.

Index of World War II articles (W)

W, or the Memory of Childhood

W. Andersen

W. Browning

W. D. Workman, Jr.

W. G. E. Luddington

W. G. G. Duncan Smith

W. George Bowdon, Jr.

W. H. Murray

W. Jason Morgan

W. L. Rambo

W. M. W. Fowler

W. Marvin Watson

W. N. T. Beckett

W. Somerset Maugham

W. Stanley Moss

W. T. Attrill

W. W. Behrens, Jr.

Władysław Ślebodziński

Władysław Anders

Władysław Bartoszewski

Władysław Bortnowski

Władysław Dobrzaniecki

Władysław Dworaczek

Władysław Filipkowski

Władysław Galica

Władysław Gnyś

Władysław Grydziuszko

Władysław Langner

Władysław Ogrodziński

Władysław Sikorski

Władysław Tempka

Włodzimierz Arlamowski

Włodzimierz Dąbrowski

Włodzimierz Kryszewski

Włodzimierz Stożek

Wöbbelin concentration camp

WAAC

Wacław Krzeptowski

Wacław Przeździecki

Wacław Sierpiński

Wachlarz

Waco CG-15

Waco CG-3

Waco CG-4

Waddy Young

Wade H. Haislip

Wade H. McCree

Waffen-SS divisions

Waffen-SS

Waffenamt codes

Waffenamt

Waggoner Carr

Wagner-Rogers Bill

Wagram (Paris Métro)

Wah Kau Kong

Waichirō Sonobe

Wait for me (poem)

Wakako Yamauchi

Wake Island (1942 film)

Wake Island Device

Wake Island

Wake Me When the War Is Over

Wal Handley

Waldemar Hoven

Waldemar Kaminski

Waldemar Kophamel

Waldemar Levy Cardoso

Waldemar Steffen

Waldemar Tietgens

Waldemar von Gazen

Walden L. Ainsworth

Walerian Czuma

Walker Army Airfield (Kansas)

Wall of the Farmers-General

Wallace fountain

Wallace McIntosh

Wallace O'Connor

Wallace William Wade

Wallgrove Aerodrome

Wallgrove Army Base

Wally Dunn

Wally Floody

Wally Judnich

Wally Kinnan

Wally Millies

Wally Phillips

Wally Schirra

Wally Shaner

Wally Wood

Walnut Ridge Regional Airport

Walsh-Kaiser Co., Inc.

Walt Barnes

Walt Disney's World War II propaganda production

Walt Disney Studios Park

Walt Masterson

Walt Whitman Rostow

Walter Arndt

Walter Audisio

Walter Bradel

Walter Bricht

Walter Bromley-Davenport

Walter Buch

Walter Buckmaster

Walter C. Dornez

Walter C. Langer

Walter C. Wetzel

Walter Carl Wann, Jr.

Walter Cowan

Walter Cramer

Walter D. Ehlers

Walter David Alexander Lentaigne

Walter de Coventre

Walter Demel

Walter Dietrich

Walter Dornberger

Walter Drumheller

Walter E. Hussman, Sr.

Walter E. Truemper

Walter Ernest Brown

Walter Frank

Walter Frentz

Walter Fries

Walter G. Roman

Walter Gerlach

Walter Gorn

Walter Graf

Walter Gross (politician)

Walter Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne

Walter H. Thompson

Walter Harold Mosley

Walter Hartmann

Walter Harzer

Walter Henry Zinn

Walter Huddleston

Walter HWK 109-509

Walter J. Will

Walter Jakob Gehring

Walter Jenkins

Walter John Raymond

Walter Katzenstein

Walter Kaufmann (philosopher)

Walter Kauzmann

Walter Klingenbeck

Walter Krüger (SS officer)

Walter Krueger

Walter Krupinski

Walter Laqueur

Walter Leigh

Walter Long, 2nd Viscount Long

Walter Lord

Walter Luttrell

Walter M. Miller, Jr.

Walter Matthau

Walter Mervyn St George Kirke

Walter Middelberg

Walter Model

Walter Nowotny

Walter Oesau

Walter Poppe

Walter Rangeley

Walter Rauff

Walter Reder

Walter Schellenberg

Walter Schimana

Walter Schreiber

Walter Schroder

Walter Schuck

Walter Serner

Walter Short

Walter Spies

Walter Stauffer McIlhenny

Walter Stokes

Walter Stratton Anderson

Walter T. Kerwin, Jr.

Walter Taieb

Walter Taylor

Walter Tewksbury

Walter Thijssen

Walter von Brockdorff-Ahlefeldt

Walter W. Coolbaugh

Walter Wagner (notary)

Walter Walker (British Army officer)

Walter Wardlaw

Walter Warlimont

Walter Weiß

Walter Wolfrum

Walter X. Young

Walterina Markova

Walther Dahl

Walther Forstmann

Walther Funk

Walther Hewel

Walther Nehring

Walther P38

Walther PP

Walther Schwieger

Walther von Brauchitsch

Walther von Reichenau

Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach

Walther Wenck

Walther Wever (general)

Walther Wever

Walton Walker

Wan Fulin

Wan Rong

Wanda Gertz

Wanda Jakubowska

Wanda Klaff

Wanda Krahelska-Filipowicz

Wanda Radio Station

Wanda Sieradzka de Ruig

Wanda Tomczykowska

Wang Delin

Wang Fengge

Wang Jingguo

Wang Jingjiu

Wang Jingwei Government

Wang Jingwei

Wang Kemin

Wang Lingji

Wang Mingzhang

Wang Yaowu

Wang Ying (hanjian)

Wang Zhen

Wang Zhonglian

Wang Zuanxu

Wannsee Conference

Wanshan Archipelago Campaign

War Activities Committee of the Motion Pictures Industry

War and Destiny

War and Remembrance

War at Sea

War bond

War bride

War children

War Comes to America

War correspondents 1942-43

War crimes in Manchukuo

War crimes of the Wehrmacht

War Damage Commission

War Division

War Eagle Field

War Emergency Programme destroyers

War Front: Turning Point

War in Europe (game)

War in the Pacific National Historical Park

War Manpower Commission

War Merit Cross

War of the Raven

War Order No. 154

War Plan Orange

War Production Board

War Refugee Board

War Relocation Authority

War Research Service

War savings stamps

War Shipping Administration

War

Warbird

Warren A. Croll, Jr.

Warren Allen Smith

Warren B. Woodson

Warren Kealoha

Warren Lewis

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Warren Snyder

Warren Spahn

Warrior Woman

Warsaw Armoured Motorized Brigade

Warsaw concentration camp

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Warsaw Ghetto

Warsaw Insurgents Cemetery

Warsaw Uprising Museum

Warsaw Uprising

Warschauer Kniefall

Warszawa Army

Wartime Nutrition

Wartime perception of the Chinese Communists

Warwick Farm Racecourse

Washington Conference (1943)

Washington Naval Treaty

Wasserfall

Watch on the Rhine

Waterloo Road (film)

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WAVES

Waydelich

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Wayne E. Meyer

Wayne Millner

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We'll Meet Again (1939 song)

We've Never Been Licked

We Dive at Dawn

We shall fight on the beaches

We Shall Never Die

We Wept Without Tears

Weapon Alpha

Weapons Cache Case

Weapons of Choice

Weather Station Kurt

Webley Revolver

WebMuseum

Wehrmacht

Wehrmachtbericht

Wehrmachtsausstellung

Wehrwolf

Wei Huang Gong

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Weingut I

Weixian-Guangling-Nuanquan Campaign

Welbike

Welland Phipps

Wells

Welrod

Welthauptstadt Germania

Welton Ralph Abell

Wend von Wietersheim

Wendell Fertig

Wendell H. Ford

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Wendy Yoshimura

Went the Day Well?

Wereth 11

Werner Baumbach

Werner Best

Werner Blankenburg

Werner Catel

Werner Drechsler

Werner Ekman

Werner Fürbringer

Werner Goldberg

Werner Grothmann

Werner Haase

Werner Hartmann

Werner Henke

Werner Heyde

Werner Junck

Werner Klemperer

Werner Lička

Werner Lorenz

Werner Lott

Werner Lucas

Werner Mölders

Werner March

Werner Mummert

Werner Naumann

Werner Pluskat

Werner Schroer

Werner Seelenbinder

Werner Streib

Werner Stuber

Werner Villinger

Werner von Blomberg

Werner von Fritsch

Werner von Haeften

Werner von Strucker

Werner von Trapp

Werner Voss

Werner Ziegler

Wernher von Braun

Werwolf

Wes Livengood

Weserflug We 271

Wesford

Wesley Phelps

Wespe

Wessel von Freytag-Loringhoven

West Africa Campaign (World War II)

West Berlin Air Corridor

West Coast Memorial to the Missing of World War II

West Sussex County Division

West Wall Medal

West Woodward Airport

Westerbork (camp)

Western Allied invasion of Germany

Western Allies

Western Army (Russia)

Western betrayal

Western Desert Campaign

Western Desert Force

Western Escort Force W-6

Western Front (Frankreich) Area (Luftflotte 3, France)

Western Front (Soviet Union)

Western Front (World War II)

Western Front

Western Guard Party

Western Hopei Operation

Western Nebraska Regional Airport

Western New Guinea campaign

Western Tai'an Campaign

Western use of the Swastika in the early 20th century

Westland Lysander

Westland New Post

Westland Welkin

Westover Air Reserve Base - Westover Metropolitan Airport

Wewelsburg

Whampoa Military Academy

What Did You Do in the War, Daddy?

What Makes a Battle

Wheat, Tennessee

When Trumpets Fade

When Willie Comes Marching Home

Where Eagles Dare

Where Once We Walked

Which Way to the War

While Waiting for the Red Spectacles

Whiskey-class submarine

Whistle (novel)

Whistler's Mother

White Aryan Resistance (Sweden)

White Aryan Resistance

White Buses

White Citizens' Council

White Citizens Parties

White Defence League

White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan

White League

White Light/Black Rain: The Destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

White Nationalist Party

White Order of Thule

White Patriot Party

White Rose

Whitecapping

Whitney Straight

Who's That Singing Over There

Who me?

Why We Fight

Wide boy

Wiedergutmachung

Wielkopolska Cavalry Brigade

Wiesław Chrzanowski

Wiesław Wernic

Wiesel Commission

Wiking-Jugend

Wiktor Michałowski

Wiktor Ormicki

Wiktor Thommée

Wilbur Bestwick

Wilbur Crane Eveland

Wilbur J. Peterkin

Wilbur Snapp

Wilburn Cartwright

Wilburn K. Ross

Wilde Sau

Wilebaldo Solano

Wilenska Cavalry Brigade

Wilf Mannion

Wilfred "Chicken" Smallhorn

Wilfred Arthur

Wilfred Baker (veteran)

Wilfred Bion

Wilfred Dunderdale

Wilfred Edwards

Wilfred Gordon Bigelow

Wilfred Stamp, 2nd Baron Stamp

Wilfred von Oven

Wilfrid B. Israel

Wilfrid Derome

Wilfrid Lewis Lloyd

Wilfried Dalmat

Wilhelm Adam (politician)

Wilhelm Adam (soldier)

Wilhelm Balthasar

Wilhelm Batz

Wilhelm Beiglböck

Wilhelm Bichl

Wilhelm Bittrich

Wilhelm Brückner

Wilhelm Burgdorf

Wilhelm Canaris

Wilhelm Carstens

Wilhelm Crinius

Wilhelm Falley

Wilhelm Filderman

Wilhelm Frick

Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper

Wilhelm Góra

Wilhelm Grebe

Wilhelm Guddorf

Wilhelm Gustloff (ship)

Wilhelm Gustloff

Wilhelm Höttl

Wilhelm Hoffman

Wilhelm Kaisen

Wilhelm Keitel

Wilhelm Kling

Wilhelm Koppe

Wilhelm Kreis

Wilhelm Krueger

Wilhelm Kube

Wilhelm Leichum

Wilhelm Leuschner

Wilhelm List

Wilhelm Mohnke

Wilhelm Murr

Wilhelm Ohnesorge

Wilhelm Rediess

Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reinhard (SS)

Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb

Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma

Wilhelm Ruppert

Wilhelm Schepmann

Wilhelm Siegmund Frei

Wilhelm Steinmann

Wilhelm Stepper-Tristis

Wilhelm Stuckart

Wilhelm Stäglich

Wilhelm Traube

Wilhelm von Tangen Hansteen

Wilhelm Wegener

Wilhelm Weiss

Wilhelm Wolf

Wilhelm Zander

Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Wilk-class submarine

Will Decker

Will Eisner

Will Rogers World Airport

Will Rogers, Jr.

Willard Bowsky

Willard G. Wyman

Willard Keith

Willard Tibbetts

Willard Van Orman Quine

Willem Arondeus

Willem Sassen

Willem Schermerhorn

Willem Ter Braak

Willi Bredel

Willi Graf

Willi Hofmann

Willi Jutzi

Willi Lindner

Willi Schmid

Willi Stöhr

Willi Stoph

Willi Tiefel

William "Willie" McKnight

William A. Earle

William A. Foster

William A. Knowlton

William A. Matheny

William A. McWhorter

William A. Shomo

William A. Soderman

William Abercrombie

William Addison

William Alfred Dimoline

William Alfred Savage

William Anderson (naval officer)

William Anstruther-Gray, Baron Kilmany

William Antrobus Griesbach

William Archibald Kenneth Fraser

William AS Ouderland

William Ash (pilot)

William Ayache

William B. Rosson

William B. Saxbe

William B. Spong, Jr.

William Basil Weston

William Boyle, 12th Earl of Cork

William Bradford Huie

William Brantley Aycock

William Breeze

William C. Gribble, Jr.

William C. Lawe

William C. Lee

William C. Marshall

William Carr (rower)

William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington

William Clay Ford, Sr.

William Colby

William Colepaugh

William Conolly-Carew, 6th Baron Carew

William Conrad

William Cox (athlete)

William Craig (Northern Ireland politician)

William D. Browne

William D. Ford

William D. Halyburton, Jr.

William D. Hawkins

William D. Houser

William D. Leahy

William D. McGee

William Davidson Bissett

William Demko

William Dickson (RAF officer)

William Diehl

William Dobbie

William Donald Schaefer

William Donne

William Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside

William E. Dyess

William E. Barber

William E. DePuy

William E. Fairbairn

William E. Hall

William E. Metzger, Jr.

William Ecker

William Edwin Minshall, Jr.

William Ehrlich

William Ellis Newton

William Ellison Pennewill

William Elphinstone

William Evan Allan

William Ewart Hiscock

William F. Barnes

William F. Buckley, Jr.

William F. Cassidy

William F. Friedman

William F. Knowland

William F. Quinn

William F. Train

William Fechteler

William Findlay (soccer)

William Finnic Cates

William Fitts Ryan

William Frank Seiverling, Jr.

William G. Bainbridge

William G. East

William G. Fournier

William G. Harrell

William G. Sebold

William G. Thrash

William G. Walsh

William G. Windrich

William Jackson (British Army officer)

William Gaines

William Garfield Thomas, Jr.

William George Foster

William George Nicholas Manley

William Gerard Barry

William Gordon (bishop)

William Gosling (footballer)

William Gosling (VC)

William Gott

William Grover-Williams

William Guarnere

William Guy Carr

William H. Bates

William H. Blanchard

William H. Brockman, Jr.

William H. Gass

William H. Gates, Sr.

William H. Nation

William H. P. Blandy

William H. Rupertus

William H. Smith (boxer)

William H. Thomas (Medal of Honor recipient)

William H. Tunner

William H. Wilbur

William Halsey, Jr.

William Hamling

William Hanes Ayres

William Hartnell

William Havelock Ramsden

William Henry Johnson (VC)

William Henry Kibby

William Herskovic

William Higinbotham

William Holden

William Holland (athlete)

William Holmes (British Army officer)

William Holmes Crosby, Jr.

William Hood Simpson

William Hopper

William Howard Livens

William Hutt (actor)

William J. Bordelon

William J. Brennan, Jr.

William J. Casey

William J. Crawford

William J. Crow

William J. Grabiarz

William J. Johnston

William J. O'Brien (Medal of Honor recipient)

William J. Simmons

William Jason Maxwell Borthwick

William Jefferson Blythe, Jr.

William Jennings Bryan Dorn

William John Lyon

William John Wolfgram

William John Yendell

William Joseph Donovan

William Joyce

William K. Nakamura

William King (Royal Navy officer)

William Kingsmill (MP)

William Kirschbaum

William Kunstler

William L. Calhoun (admiral)

William L. Clayton

William L. Dickinson

William L. Eagleton

William L. Hungate

William L. Laurence

William L. Nelson (Medal of Honor recipient)

William L. Shirer

William Lederer

William Lewis (athlete)

William Lyon Mackenzie King

William M. Callaghan

William M. Hoge

William M. Miley

William Madocks

William Manchester

William Marsden Eastman

William McGonagle

William McIntyre

William Menster

William Milbourne James

William Modell

William Moloney

William Moore Benidickson

William Moore McCulloch

William Murray-Wood

William Napier, 13th Lord Napier

William Neil McKechnie

William O. Brice

William O. Eareckson

William O. Gallery

William O. Wooldridge

William of Paris (saint)

William Onslow, 6th Earl of Onslow

William Orlando Darby

William Oswald Mills

William Parr (footballer)

William P. Rogers

William P. Yarborough

William Patrick Hitler

William Penney, Baron Penney

William Perl

William Perry

William Pershing Benedict

William Platt

William Quash

William R. Caddy

William R. Dunn

William R. Lawley, Jr.

William R. Lloyd

William R. Lucas

William R. Peers

William R. Shockley

William R. Snodgrass

William Raborn

William Rehnquist

William Reid (VC)

William Remington (athlete)

William Rogers (rugby player)

William Rose (screenwriter)

William S. Mailliard

William S. Massey

William S. Morris

William S. Stone

William Salcer

William Saward

William Scranton

William Seagrove

William Seawell

William Shakespeare (football)

William Shepherd

William Sheridan Allen

William Sidney Smith

William Sidney, 1st Viscount De L'Isle

William Silkworth

William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim

William Staveley (Royal Navy officer)

William Steger

William Steinberg

William Sterling Parsons

William Joseph Stern

William Stewart Simkins

William Strang, 1st Baron Strang

William T Y'Blood

William T. Clement

William T. Hanna

William T. Ingram

William T. Owen

William T. Young

William Tubman

William Usery, Jr.

William W. Momyer

William Wallace (rower)

William Walter Kouts

William Wasbrough Foster

William Welsh (RAF officer)

William Westmoreland

William Whipple Jr.

William Winter (politician)

William Wolfe Wileman

William Wood (rower)

William Wylie Galt

William Yates (politician)

Williamis de Souza Silva

Willibald C. Bianchi

Willie Crilley

Willie Edwards

Willie Gillis

Willis A. Lee

Willis Carto

Willis D. Crittenberger

Willis Lent

Willis Ricketts

Williston B. Palmer

Williston Municipal Airport

Willward Alexander Sandys-Clarke

Willy F. James, Jr.

Willy Favre

Willy Grondin

Willy Lages

Willy Rösingh

Willy Schärer

Willys MB

Wilm Hosenfeld

Wilma Leona Jackson

Wilmeth Sidat-Singh

Wilson D. Watson

Wincenty Kowalski

Winchester Model 1897

Winchester Model 1912

Windfall Indiana WWII POW Camp

Window (radar countermeasure)

Winds Code

Windsor-class attack transport

Windtalkers

Winfield S. Cunningham

Winged Victory (play)

Winged Victory of Samothrace

Wingmen (The Boondocks)

Wings for This Man

Wings of Fury

Wings of Power II: WWII Fighters

Wings of Power: WWII Heavy Bombers and Jets

Wings Up

Winkler County Airport

Winnie Gibson

Winning Your Wings

Winrich Behr

Winston's Hiccup

Winston's War

Winston & Strawn

Winston Churchill as historian

Winston Churchill as writer

Winston Churchill High School (Eugene, Oregon)

Winston Churchill High School (Lethbridge)

Winston Churchill High School (Montgomery County, Maryland)

Winston Churchill in politics: 1900-1939

Winston Churchill Memorial Trust

Winston Churchill

Winter Haven's Gilbert Airport

Winter Line

Winter Offensive of 1947 in Northeast China

Winter War

Winterhilfswerk

Winthrop Rockefeller

Winton M. Blount

Wirbelwind

Wireless Experimental Centre

Wireless Set No. 19

Wirtschaftswunder

Wish Me Luck

Wishes: A Magical Gathering of Disney Dreams

Wissem Ben Yahia

Witalis Wieder

With the Marines at Tarawa

With the Old Breed

Withers A. Burress

Without Love

Witold Łokuciewski

Witold Dzierżykraj-Morawski

Witold Pilecki

Witold Urbanowicz

Witold Zalewski

Wivan Pettersson

WKKK

Wladimir Aïtoff

Wladimir Vogel

WNFZ

Würzburg radar

Wołyńska Cavalry Brigade

Woeste Hoeve

Wojciech Kossak

Wojciech Rostafiński

Wola massacre

Woldemar Brinkmann

Wolei-class minelayer

Wolf-Dietrich Wilcke

Wolf-Heinrich Graf von Helldorf

Wolf Graf von Baudissin

Wolf of Soissons

Wolf pack Blücher

Wolf pack Eisbär

Wolf pack Endrass

Wolf pack Hai

Wolf pack Hecht

Wolf pack Leuthen

Wolf pack Pfadfinder

Wolf pack Steinbrock

Wolf pack Tümmler

Wolf pack Vorwärts

Wolf pack Wolf

Wolf pack

Wolfenstein 3D

Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory

Wolfgang Borchert

Wolfgang Danne

Wolfgang Droege

Wolfgang Falck

Wolfgang Heyda

Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky

Wolfgang Lettl

Wolfgang Liebeneiner

Wolfgang Lüth

Wolfgang Mommsen

Wolfgang Muff

Wolfgang Schellmann

Wolfgang Schwarz

Wolfgang Sievers

Wolfgang Späte

Wolfgang Stöhr

Wolfgang Tonne

Wolfram Sievers

Wolfram von Richthofen

Wolfsangel

Wolfsschanze

Wolverine (comics)

Wolves of Paris

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps

Women's Army Corps Service Medal

Women's Army Corps

Women's Auxiliary Air Force

Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force

Women's Auxiliary Service (Burma)

Women's Land Army

Women's Orchestra of Auschwitz

Women's roles in the World Wars

Women's Royal Australian Naval Service

Women's Royal Naval Service

Women Airforce Service Pilots

Women in Bondage

Women in Defense

Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal on Japan’s Military Sexual Slavery

Wonder weapons

Wood for War

Woodrow Parfrey

Woodrow W. Keeble

Woodrow Wilson Barr

Woodrow Wyatt

Woody Hayes

Woolenook (Wood Camp)

Woolton pie

Worek Plan

World in Flames

World Jewish Congress lawsuit against Swiss banks

World Union of National Socialists

World War II-era population transfers

World War II aircraft production

World War II casualties

World War II Combat: Iwo Jima

World War II Combat: Road to Berlin

World War II combatives

World War II crimes in Poland

World War II cryptography

World War II evacuation and expulsion

World War II in contemporary culture

World War II in the Basque Country

World War II Online

World War II persecution of Serbs

World War II Victory Medal (United States)

World War II Victory Medal

World War II: Frontline Command

World War II

World war

World War

Worldwar series

Worldwar: In the Balance

Worldwar: Striking the Balance

Worldwar: Tilting the Balance

Worldwar: Upsetting the Balance

Worldwar

Wormhoudt massacre

Wort und Tat

Wound Badge

WRVS

Wu Qiwei

Wu Yicheng

Wuli Campaign

Wunderwaffe

Wurfrahmen 40

WW2 aircraft production

WWII (album)

WWII Postal Acronyms

Wyndham Portal, 1st Viscount Portal

List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II

This is a list of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II. The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an "enemy of the United States" or an "opposing foreign force". Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.World War II, or the Second World War, was a global military conflict, the joining of what had initially been two separate conflicts. The first began in Asia in 1937 as the Second Sino-Japanese War; the other began in Europe in 1939 with the German and Soviet invasion of Poland. This global conflict split the majority of the world's nations into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis powers.

The United States was drawn into World War II on December 8, 1941, a day after the Axis-member Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in Honolulu that killed almost 2,500 people in what was considered the biggest peacetime loss on American soil inflicted by foreign people at that time.

For actions during World War II, 472 United States military personnel received the Medal of Honor. Seventeen of these were Japanese-Americans fighting in both Europe and the Pacific, many of which were upgraded from Distinguished Service Crosses during the Clinton administration. Additionally, Douglas Albert Munro was the only serviceman from the United States Coast Guard in United States military history to receive the Medal for his actions during the war.

The earliest action for which a U.S. serviceman earned a World War II Medal of Honor was the attack on Pearl Harbor, for which 17 U.S. servicemen were awarded a Medal, although they did so "while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force" rather than "enemy" since the United States was neutral during the events of December 7, 1941. The last action to earn a contemporaneous Medal of Honor prior to the August 15, 1945, end of hostilities in World War II, were those of Melvin Mayfield, on July 29, 1945 – though several honorees may have been cited for their Medal after Mayfield's recognition on May 31, 1946. Additionally, seven African Americans and twenty-two Asian American veterans who had received the Distinguished Service Cross during the war were awarded the Medal of Honor in 1997 and 2000 – most of them posthumously – after two studies determined that racial discrimination had caused them to be overlooked at the time.

List of people from Aurora, Illinois

The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in Aurora, Illinois. For a similar list organized alphabetically by last name, see the category page People from Aurora, Illinois.

RAF Polebrook

Royal Air Force Station Polebrook or more simply RAF Polebrook is a former Royal Air Force station located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) east-south-east of Oundle, at Polebrook, Northamptonshire, England. The airfield was built on Rothschild estate land starting in August 1940.

It was from Polebrook that the United States Army Air Forces' Eighth Air Force carried out its first heavy bomb group (Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress) combat mission on 17 August 1942, and from which Major Clark Gable flew combat missions in 1943.

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