Wally Pipp

Walter Clement Pipp (February 17, 1893 – January 11, 1965) was an American professional baseball player. A first baseman, Pipp played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees, and Cincinnati Reds between 1913 and 1928.

After appearing in 12 games for the Tigers in 1913 and playing in the minor leagues in 1914, he was purchased by the Yankees before the 1915 season. They made him their starting first baseman. He and Home Run Baker led an improved Yankee lineup that led the league in home runs. He led the American League in home runs in 1916 and 1917. With Babe Ruth, Bob Meusel, Joe Dugan, and Waite Hoyt, the Yankees won three consecutive American League pennants from 1921 through 1923, and won the 1923 World Series. In 1925, he lost his starting role to Lou Gehrig, after which he finished his major league career with Cincinnati.

Pipp is considered to be one of the best power hitters of the dead ball era.[1] Pipp is now best remembered as the man who lost his starting role to Lou Gehrig at the beginning of Gehrig's streak of 2,130 consecutive games.

Wally Pipp
Wally-pipp
First baseman
Born: February 17, 1893
Chicago, Illinois
Died: January 11, 1965 (aged 71)
Grand Rapids, Michigan
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
June 29, 1913, for the Detroit Tigers
Last MLB appearance
September 30, 1928, for the Cincinnati Reds
MLB statistics
Batting average.281
Home runs90
Runs batted in1,004
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Walter Pipp was born on February 17, 1893, in Chicago, Illinois, to Pauline (née Stroeber) and William H. Pipp. He was raised as a Roman Catholic, and different sources describe him as being of Irish or German ancestry. He was raised in Grand Rapids, Michigan.[1][2] As a child, Pipp said that he was hit in the head with a hockey puck, which resulted in headaches throughout his life.[3]

Pipp enrolled at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., where he studied architecture and played baseball for the Catholic University Cardinals.[4] Pipp graduated in 1913.[1]

Baseball career

Early career

In 1912, Pipp made his debut in professional baseball with the Kalamazoo Celery Champs of the Class D Southern Michigan League. In 68 games played, he had a .270 batting average. The Detroit Tigers of the American League purchased his contract late in the 1912 season. Pipp attempted to hold out from the Tigers, demanding a portion of the purchase price, and threatened to return to college.[1]

After graduating from college, Pipp ended his holdout without receiving a share of the purchase price.[2] Pipp made his major league debut with the Tigers on June 29, 1913.[1] After playing 12 games for Detroit, batting .161, the Tigers reassigned Pipp to the Providence Grays of the Class AA International League. He committed seven errors in 14 games for Providence, and was demoted to the Scranton Miners of the Class B New York State League, where he only batted .220.[2]

In 1914, Pipp played for the Rochester Hustlers of the International League. Pipp had a .314 batting average and 27 triples. He led all batters in the league with 15 home runs, a .526 slugging percentage, and 290 total bases.[1][2]

New York Yankees

In January 1915, Jacob Ruppert and Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston agreed to purchase the New York Yankees of the American League. As part of the agreement, the other team owners in the American League agreed to help the Yankees restock their system with prospects. One of the deals Ruppert and Huston negotiated was their purchase of Pipp. After the purchase was completed, all owners, with the exception of Frank Navin, the owner of the Tigers, broke their word.[2] On February 4, 1915, the Tigers sold Pipp and outfielder Hugh High to the Yankees, receiving $5,000 for each player ($123,832 in current dollar terms).[1]

(Wally Pipp, New York AL (baseball)) LOC 12367428665
Pipp with the Yankees in 1916

The Yankees had struggled prior to Ruppert and Huston's purchase, having only one winning record in their previous eight seasons. They made Pipp their starting first baseman in time for Opening Day of the 1915 season. The Yankees added Home Run Baker in 1916, and they formed the center of the Yankees' batting order.[5] Pipp led the American League in home runs with 12 in 1916; Baker finished second with 10. Pipp hit nine home runs in 1917, again leading the league.[2]

In 1918, Pipp hit only two home runs, but batted .304. He missed playing time under the nation's "work or fight" rule during World War I; he worked as a naval aviation cadet at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He batted .275 with seven home runs in 1919, as Babe Ruth surpassed him as the best power hitter in the American League.[1] The Yankees moved to strengthen their team after the 1919 season, adding Ruth and fellow outfielder Bob Meusel and third baseman Joe Dugan. Between 1920 and 1924, Pipp had a .301 average, with season averages of 29 doubles, 94 runs scored, and 97 runs batted in (RBI) per season. Led by their strong lineup and additions to the pitching staff, such as Waite Hoyt, the Yankees finished in second place in 1920. Pipp became the cleanup hitter, behind Ruth in the batting order. Pipp hit .296 in 1921, and the Yankees won the American League pennant.[2] However, they lost the 1921 World Series to the crosstown rival New York Giants of the National League.[6]

On July 26, 1922, Pipp bobbled a ball during the fifth inning of a game against the St. Louis Browns. When the Yankees returned to the dugout, Ruth criticized Pipp's fielding. Pipp attacked Ruth, and the two were separated by teammates. Though Ruth insisted they'd "settle this after the game", Ruth and Pipp led the Yankees to a victory with their hitting, and when Pipp approached Ruth after the game, ready to fight, Ruth opted against it. Pipp said this resulted in reduced tension among the Yankees, to which he attributed their improved play from that point forward.[2] Pipp batted .329 in 1922 and the Yankees again won the American League pennant.[2] In a rematch, the Giants again defeated the Yankees in the 1922 World Series.[7] Meanwhile, Pipp scouted Lou Gehrig, who was playing college baseball for Columbia University, and suggested to Miller Huggins, the Yankees' manager, that he should sign Gehrig. Pipp personally helped develop Gehrig after he signed.[8] Pipp had a strong 1923 season, but he injured his right ankle while stepping off of a train in Boston late in the year. The Yankees used Gehrig, whom they promoted from the minor leagues, to play the Yankees' final four games.[2] Though Huggins initially thought Pipp would not be able to play in the 1923 World Series,[9] Pipp recovered sufficiently in time to play.[10] The Yankees won the series in six games over the Giants.[2][11] The Yankees finished in second place in the American League in 1924,[2] and Pipp led the American league with 114 RBIs and 19 triples.[12]

1925: Removal from the Yankees' starting lineup

Gehrig cropped
Lou Gehrig replaced Pipp in the Yankees' lineup on June 2, 1925.

The Yankees began the 1925 season struggling, and Huggins began to replace players in his lineup in response. Huggins benched starting shortstop Everett Scott on May 6, replacing him with Pee Wee Wanninger. At the time, Scott had the longest streak of consecutive games played, with 1,307. The Yankees continued to struggle. The Yankees entered play on June 2 on a five-game losing streak. Their 15–26 win-loss record had them in seventh place out of the eight teams in the American League, half a game better than the last place team, and ​13 12 games out of first place in the standings. Before their game against the Washington Senators, Huggins replaced Pipp in the Yankees' lineup with Gehrig, and benched second baseman Aaron Ward and catcher Wally Schang as well. Pipp was batting .244 with only three home runs and 23 RBIs, and had a .181 batting average over the previous three weeks. This was the second -- not the first -- game of Gehrig's then-record 2,130 consecutive games played, which lasted for 14 seasons. The streak started the previous day, as on June 1 Gehrig entered the game as a pinch hitter, substituting for shortstop Paul "Pee Wee" Wanninger.

Although Pipp's replacement on June 2, 1925 was historic, and Gehrig had a great game by getting three hits, Gehrig would in fact go 0 for 3 in each of his next two games, before being lifted for a pinch-hitter each day. Pipp would finish both of those games defensively at first base.

According to the most popular version of the story, Pipp showed up at Yankee Stadium that day with a severe headache, and asked the team's trainer for two aspirin. Miller Huggins, the Yankees' manager, noticed this, and said "Wally, take the day off. We'll try that kid Gehrig at first today and get you back in there tomorrow." Gehrig played well and became the Yankees' new starting first baseman. This story first appeared in a 1939 New York World-Telegram on Gehrig's career, in which Pipp was interviewed. Pipp was later quoted to have said, "I took the two most expensive aspirin in history."[2][3][13]

According to The Pride of the Yankees, the 1942 film about Gehrig's life, Pipp asked out of the game because he was experiencing double vision from being hit in the head two days prior.[2] By 1953, Pipp reported to The New York Times that he was taken out of the lineup due to being hit in the head by a pitch thrown by Charlie Caldwell during batting practice. However, while Pipp was hit in the head by a pitch from Caldwell and was hospitalized, this event occurred on July 2, a month after Pipp's benching.[2]

The New York Sun reported that the benching was due to Pipp's struggles against left-handed pitchers, as southpaw George Mogridge was the scheduled starting pitcher for the Senators on June 2. Other sources suggest Yankee manager Miller Huggins may have actually benched Pipp and other veterans in order to "shake up" the slumping lineup.[2] According to another story, supported by Gehrig's wife, Pipp was not at the game on June 2 because he was gambling on horse racing at a race track.[14] His son Tom denied this rumor, stating that his father never bet on horses.[15] When interviewed by Sports Illustrated, Pipp's own children disagreed on the reason for their father's benching, believing it was either due to Pipp being beaned, or struggling.[2] One of his sons, Thomas, believes that Pipp told Huggins to play Gehrig in his place, as he knew that Gehrig had a future with the Yankees, while he likely did not.[15] According to a popular legend, Pipp asked to sit due to a headache. The story was confirmed by Thomas Pipp, Wally's son and Bill Weber.[16]

Later career

Ruth had returned to the Yankees' lineup on June 1, the day before Pipp, Ward, and Schang were benched. Despite Ruth's return and the strong play of Gehrig, who batted .295 with 20 home runs and 68 RBIs,[2][12] the Yankees finished in seventh place. Pipp was hospitalized for a week after being hit in the head by Caldwell on July 2, and he played sparingly during the remainder of the season.[2] He ended the year with a .230 average, three home runs, and 24 RBIs.[12]

Wally Pipp and Charlie Mullen
Pipp (left) and Charlie Mullen (right)

Due to the team's struggles, Huggins made personnel changes during the offseason. The Yankees attempted to trade Pipp to another American League team, but could not agree on the terms with any team.[2] They put Pipp on waivers, and he was acquired by the Cincinnati Reds of the National League,[17] who reportedly paid the Yankees a greater sum than the $7,500 waiver price.[1] The Reds, who had not had a strong starting first baseman since Jake Daubert died in 1924, had attempted to acquire Bill Terry from the Giants, but refused to part with Edd Roush in the transaction, and so acquired Pipp instead.[18] Pipp again attempted to acquire a portion of the purchase price, but was rebuffed.[2]

Pipp played 372 games for the Reds over the next three seasons. In 1926, he had a .291 batting average, and his 99 RBIs and 15 triples were both fourth-best in the National League. He batted .260 with 41 RBIs in 1927, and .283 in 1928.[1]

With first baseman George Kelly also on their roster, the Reds released Pipp before the 1929 season. Pipp signed with the Newark Bears of the International League for the season.[19] He earned $40,000 ($583,643 in current dollar terms) that year, more than he made during his major league career. He batted .312 for Newark, and retired after the season.[2]

Pipp played 1,872 games.[3] He had three seasons with a .300+ batting average, and two seasons with 100 or more RBI. Pipp had a .281 career batting average. He led both the American and National leagues in fielding percentage. His 226 sacrifices as a Yankee remain a team record. Pipp was the first Yankee to lead the American League in home runs.[2] Due to his famous replacement by Gehrig, players began to say they were "Wally Pipped" when replaced in a lineup, especially if it is due to a minor injury.[2][20][21][22][23][24][25]

Later life

Pipp often attended Old-Timers' Day at Yankee Stadium and Tiger Stadium, playing in 12 Old-Timers' games.[15] He was later hired by Sports Illustrated as one of the magazine's first writers.[2]

After retiring, Pipp invested in the stock market, but lost his wealth in the Wall Street Crash of 1929.[3] He authored a book, titled Buying Cheap and Selling Dear. He worked as a broadcaster on a pregame baseball show for the Tigers, wrote radio scripts, and worked in publishing. He organized baseball programs around his community for the National Youth Administration.[2][15] He also spent time unemployed during the Great Depression.[2] In 1940, Pipp was on the verge of bankruptcy, but he managed to pay off his debts without going bankrupt.[15]

During World War II, Pipp worked at the Willow Run manufacturing complex in Ypsilanti, building B-24 bombers. Following the war, Pipp worked for the Rockford Screw Products Corporation as a machine parts salesman, selling bolts and screws to automotive companies based in Detroit and Grand Rapids.[1][26]

Personal life

Pipp and his wife, Nora,[15] had four children:[2] three sons (Walter, Tom, and Wally Jr.) and a daughter (Dorothy).[15] Pipp's brother, the Reverend W.B. Pipp, was a Catholic priest and golfer.[4][27]

The Pipps moved to Lansing, Michigan, in 1949. After suffering a number of strokes, Pipp moved to a nursing home in Grand Rapids in September 1963.[1] He died there on January 11, 1965, of a heart attack at the age of 71.[28][29] He is interred in Woodlawn Cemetery in Grand Rapids.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Spatz, Lyle. "The Baseball Biography Project: Wally Pipp". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Anderson, Bruce (June 29, 1987). "A Pipp of a Legend: The Man Who Was Benched in Favor of Iron-Horse Lou". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Anderson, Chris (April 22, 2009). "Wally Pipp: A son's tale about the start of Gehrig's consecutive games streak". HeraldTribune.com. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Burroughs, Chris (October 8, 2015). "The Archivist's Nook: The Pride of the Cardinals". Catholic University of America. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  5. ^ Hamilton, H. C. (June 26, 1917). "Wally Pipp of Yanks Has Pippin of Wallop". The Evening News. United Press International. p. 5. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  6. ^ "1921 World Series – New York Giants over New York Yankees (5–3)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
  7. ^ "1922 World Series – New York Giants over New York Yankees (4–0)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
  8. ^ Newman, Mark (June 19, 2003). "Before Gehrig, there was Pipp". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "Wally Pipp Not Likely To Play in World's Series: Yankee First Baseman Has Small Chance of Being Used, Says Huggins, Because of Injury—Others Still on Disabled List, But Recovering". The Gazette Times, Pennsylvania. Associated Press. October 5, 1923. p. 11. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  10. ^ "Wally Pipp Will Probably Play Today". The Lewiston Daily Sun. October 10, 1923. p. 6. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  11. ^ "1923 World Series – New York Yankees over New York Giants (4–2)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c Freeman, Rick (March 25, 2012). "Setting the record straight on Pipp, Gehrig". The Times of Trenton. NJ.com. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
  13. ^ Walfoort, Cleon (March 21, 1957). "One Minute Interviews: Mantle's big Asset ... Pipp's Costly Headache". The Milwaukee Journal. pp. 2–17. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  14. ^ Murray, Jim (July 7, 1990). "Just a Pipp off the old block". Eugene Register-Guard. p. 1C. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Kent, Andy (April 5, 2001). "Wally Pipp: The real story". Naples Daily News. Scripps Howard News Service. p. 5. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  16. ^ Max Carey (April 5, 2018), SportsCentury Greatest Athletes #34: Lou Gehrig, retrieved June 22, 2019
  17. ^ Farrell, Henry L. (January 17, 1926). "Wally Pipp Leaves Ruppert Service: Yanks First Sack Player and Star of New York Goes to Cincinnati". Palm Beach Daily News. United Press International. p. 2-1. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  18. ^ Farrell, Henry L. (February 1, 1926). "Reds Look Like Promising Lot With Recent Acquisition of Wally Pipp". Palm Beach Daily News. United Press International. p. 2-1. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  19. ^ "Wally Pipp to Play at Newark". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. March 4, 1929. p. 15. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  20. ^ Missildine, Harry (May 29, 1968). "Who in Heck Was Wally Pipp?". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. p. 16. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  21. ^ "The Wally Pipp All-Stars". The Spokesman-Review. July 7, 1996. p. C2. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  22. ^ "Major League baseball notes: Murray latest Wally Pipp?". The Bulletin. Bend, Oregon. United Press International. August 1, 1986. p. D-3. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  23. ^ Lolley, F. Dale (November 18, 2001). "Calling Wally Pipp". Observer–Reporter. Washington, Pennsylvania. p. C4. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  24. ^ "Wally Pipp of the week". The Spokesman-Review. June 30, 1996. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  25. ^ Cogsdill, Clarke (June 24, 1975). "Tigers hold on win, 10–9". The Michigan Daily. p. 12. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  26. ^ "Girl Major Leaguers Next, Pipp Predicts". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. May 16, 1950. p. 14. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  27. ^ "Priest Wins Sulphur Golf: Brother of Wally Pipp Is Awarded Coveted Trophy". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. January 2, 1941. p. 13. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  28. ^ "Wally Pipp Dies, Was Yankee Star". Reading Eagle. Associated Press. January 11, 1965. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
  29. ^ "Pre-Gehrig Yank Wally Pipp Dies". Lodi News-Sentinel. United Press International. January 12, 1965. p. 8. Retrieved April 19, 2014.

External links

1893 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1893 throughout the world.

1916 Major League Baseball season

The 1916 Major League Baseball season.

1917 Major League Baseball season

The 1917 Major League Baseball season.

1917 New York Yankees season

The 1917 New York Yankees season was the 15th season for the Yankees in New York, and the 17th season overall for the franchise. The team finished with a record of 71–82, finishing 28½ games behind the American League champion Chicago White Sox. New York was managed by Bill Donovan. Their home games were played at the Polo Grounds.

1918 New York Yankees season

The 1918 New York Yankees season was the 17th season for the Yankees. The team finished with a record of 60–63, finishing 13.5 games behind the American League champion Boston Red Sox. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. Their home games were played at the Polo Grounds.

1919 New York Yankees season

The 1919 New York Yankees season was the 17th season for the Yankees in New York and its 19th overall. The team finished with a record of 80–59, 7½ games behind the American League champion Chicago White Sox. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. Their home games were played at the Polo Grounds.

1920 New York Yankees season

The 1920 New York Yankees season was the 18th season for the Yankees in New York and their 20th overall. The team finished with a record of 95–59, just 3 games behind the American League champion Cleveland Indians. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. Home games were played at the Polo Grounds. The Yankees of 1920 were the first team in the history of Major League Baseball to have an attendance of more than one million fans.

1921 New York Yankees season

The 1921 New York Yankees season was the 19th season for the Yankees in New York and their 21st overall. The team finished with a record of 98–55, winning their first pennant in franchise history, winning the American League by 4½ games over the previous year's champion, the Cleveland Indians. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. Their home games were played at the Polo Grounds.

1922 New York Yankees season

The 1922 New York Yankees season was the 20th season for the Yankees in New York and their 22nd overall. The team finished with a record of 94 wins and 60 losses, to win their second pennant in franchise history, by a single game over the St. Louis Browns. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. Their home games were played at the Polo Grounds.

In the 1922 World Series, the Yankees again lost to their landlords, the New York Giants, 4 games to none with one tied game. The final game of the Series was also the Yankees' final game as a tenant in the Polo Grounds. During the season, they had begun construction of their new home, Yankee Stadium, which would open in 1923.

1923 New York Yankees season

The 1923 New York Yankees season was the 23rd season for this American League franchise and its 21st season in New York. Manager Miller Huggins led the team to their third straight pennant with a 98–54 record, 16 games ahead of the second place Detroit Tigers. The Yankees moved into the now famous Yankee Stadium. In the 1923 World Series, they avenged their 1921 and 1922 losses by defeating the New York Giants in 6 games, 4 games to 2, and won their first World Series title.

1924 New York Yankees season

The 1924 New York Yankees season was the team's 22nd season in New York and its 24th overall. The team finished with a record of 89–63, finishing 2 games behind the Washington Senators. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. The Yankees played their home games at Yankee Stadium.

1926 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1926 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished second in the National League with 87 wins and 67 losses, 2 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals.

1927 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1927 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fifth in the National League with a record of 75–78, 18½ games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates.

Dorothy Kamenshek

Dorothy “Dottie” “Kammie” Kamenchek (December 21, 1925 – May 17, 2010) was an American All-American Girls Professional Baseball League player. She batted and threw left-handed.

A native of Cincinnati, Ohio, Kamenshek played outfield for a local softball league, and at the age of 17 she was spotted by a scout from the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. After tryouts at Wrigley Field in Chicago, she joined the Rockford Peaches as an outfielder when the league began in 1943, but was soon playing first base. She and short stop Snooky Harrell formed the league's best double-play combination.

Kamenshek played in the AAGPBL for 10 seasons, and was selected as an All-Star all seven times the league established such a team. In 1946 she was the league's top batter with an average of .316 (a single point ahead of Audrey Wagner), and won the distinction again in 1947 with an average of .306. She struck out only 81 times in 3,736 at-bat appearances.

Considered one of the best athletes of her time, southpaw Kamenshek was even recruited for men's baseball by a team from Fort Lauderdale, Florida. She believed the team only wanted her for publicity and turned down the offer. Former New York Yankee Wally Pipp was so impressed with her, that he stated she was the most accomplished player he had ever seen among men or women.

In the off‑seasons, Kamenshek studied physical education and health education at the University of Cincinnati. In 1951 she was forced to reduce her playing due to back injuries, and after the 1952 season she retired permanently from the game with a career average of .292.

In 1958, Kamenshek received a degree in physical therapy from Marquette University in Milwaukee. She returned to Ohio to serve as a physical therapist in Hamilton County and later moved to Los Angeles to perform the same work at the Los Angeles Crippled Children's Services Department. In 1964, she was promoted to supervisor of physical and occupational therapy for Los Angeles County Children's Services, and later to chief of therapy services, the position she held when she retired in 1980.

After her retirement, Kamenshek was honored by Los Angeles County with the Outstanding Management Award (1980). She is part of the AAGPBL permanent display at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum at Cooperstown, New York. The display opened in 1988, and is dedicated to the entire league rather than any individual player.

The 1992 film A League of Their Own introduced a new generation to the history of women's baseball. Geena Davis played Dottie Hinson, the best ballplayer in the league, a character loosely based on Kamenshek.In 1999, Sports Illustrated for Women selected Kamenshek as the 100th greatest female athlete of the 20th century.Kamenshek died on May 17, 2010 at the age of 84. She was buried at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Cathedral City, California. Her spouse and fellow Hall of Fame member, Margaret Wenzell, was buried next to her in 2014.She was inducted into the National Women's Baseball Hall of Fame in 2013

Eddie Stumpf

Edward Stumpf (May 15, 1894 – October 16, 1978) was an American player, manager and executive in Minor league baseball.Stumpf began his professional baseball career as a catcher in the American Association, playing from 1916 through 1919 for the Milwaukee Brewers and Columbus Senators. After that he coached and scouted for the Brewers for several years, before becoming a manager in 1939 with the Tarboro Serpents in the Class-D Coastal Plain League. From 1941 to 1942, Stumpf managed and eventually caught for the Janesville Cubs of the Wisconsin State League, until he heard about the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, an innovative circuit conceived by Philip K. Wrigley, a chewing-gum magnate who had inherited the Chicago Cubs Major League Baseball franchise from his father. Stumpf took the opportunity to get news at first hand, because Wrigley was his employer at the time.The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League play officially began on May 30, 1943 with four teams, the Kenosha Comets, Racine Belles, Rockford Peaches and South Bend Blue Sox. Stumpf became one of the first four managers hired by Wrigley, being assigned to the Rockford club. The other managers selected were Johnny Gottselig (Racine), an experimented ice hockey left winger who played 17 seasons for the Chicago Black Hawks (NHL), and former big leaguers Josh Billings (Kenosha) and Bert Niehoff (South Bend).Stumpf appeared in the league's first All-Star Game during the 1943 midseason, which was played under temporary lights at Wrigley Field, between two teams composed of Blue Sox and Peaches players versus Comets and Belles players. It was also the first night game ever played in the historic ballpark (July 1, 1943).After that, Stumpf was an active scout for the league during the rest of the decade and served a second stint as manager in 1945 (Kenosha). He also has been credited for switching Dorothy Kamenshek from outfield to first base after just 12 games for the Peaches. A perennial All-Star and two-time champion bat, Kamenshek was considered by former New York Yankees first baseman Wally Pipp, as the fanciest-fielding first sacker he had ever seen among men or women.Stumpf later moved into the front offices. He joined the Cleveland Indians organization in 1950, first as business director of Cleveland minor league system and later was promoted as general manager for Triple-A Indianapolis Indians in 1953. While working for the Indians, he provided assistance in the development and monitoring of future big leaguers as Hank Aguirre, Joe Altobelli, Rocky Colavito and Al Smith, among others.Stumpf was a long resident of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he died at the age of 84. He is part of the AAGPBL permanent display at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum at Cooperstown, New York opened in 1988, which is dedicated to the entire league rather than any individual player.

Home Run Baker

John Franklin "Home Run" Baker (March 13, 1886 – June 28, 1963) was an American professional baseball player. A third baseman, Baker played in Major League Baseball from 1908 to 1922, for the Philadelphia Athletics and the New York Yankees. Baker has been called the "original home run king of the majors".Baker was a member of the Athletics' $100,000 infield. He helped the Athletics win the 1910, 1911 and 1913 World Series. After a contract dispute, the Athletics sold Baker to the Yankees, where he and Wally Pipp helped the Yankees' offense. Baker appeared with the Yankees in the 1921 and 1922 World Series, though the Yankees lost both series, before retiring.

Baker led the American League in home runs for four consecutive years, from 1911 through 1914. He had a batting average over .300 in six seasons, had three seasons with more than 100 runs batted in, and two seasons with over 100 runs scored. Baker's legacy has grown over the years, and he is regarded by many as one of the best power hitters of the deadball era. During his 13 years as a major league player, Baker never played a single inning at any position other than third base. Baker was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 1955.

List of Major League Baseball annual putouts leaders

The following is a list of annual leaders in putouts in Major League Baseball (MLB), with separate lists for the American League and the National League. The list also includes several professional leagues and associations that were never part of MLB.

In baseball statistics, a putout (denoted by PO or fly out when appropriate) is given to a defensive player who records an out by a Tagging a runner with the ball when he is not touching a base (a tagout), catching a batted or thrown ball and tagging a base to put out a batter or runner (a Force out), catching a thrown ball and tagging a base to record an out on an appeal play, catching a third strike (a strikeout), catching a batted ball on the fly (a flyout), or being positioned closest to a runner called out for interference.

Jake Beckley is the all-time leader in career putouts with 23,743. Jiggs Donahue holds the record for most putouts in a season with 1,846 in 1907. Frank McCormick, Steve Garvey, Bill Terry, and Ernie Banks have all led the league in putouts 5 times. Albert Pujols is the active leader in putouts and has led the league 4 times.

List of Major League Baseball career putouts leaders

In baseball statistics, a putout (denoted by PO or fly out when appropriate) is given to a defensive player who records an out by a Tagging a runner with the ball when he is not touching a base (a tagout), catching a batted or thrown ball and tagging a base to put out a batter or runner (a Force out), catching a thrown ball and tagging a base to record an out on an appeal play, catching a third strike (a strikeout), catching a batted ball on the fly (a flyout), or being positioned closest to a runner called out for interference.

Jake Beckley is the all-time leader in career putouts with 23,743. Cap Anson (22,572), Ed Konetchy (21,378), Eddie Murray (21,265), Charlie Grimm (20,722), and Stuffy McInnis (20,120) are the only other players to record 20,000 career putouts.

Putout

In baseball statistics, a putout (denoted by PO or fly out when appropriate) is given to a defensive player who records an out by one of the following methods:

Tagging a runner with the ball when he is not touching a base (a tagout)

Catching a batted or thrown ball and tagging a base to put out a batter or runner (a force out)

Catching a thrown ball and tagging a base to record an out on an appeal play

Catching a third strike (a strikeout)

Catching a batted ball on the fly (a flyout)

Being positioned closest to a runner called out for interference

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